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RAAVANA Full Song With Lyrics - Jai Lava Kusa Songs | Jr NTR, Raashi Khanna | Devi Sri Prasad
RAAVANA Full Song With Lyrics - Jai Lava Kusa Songs | Jr NTR, Raashi Khanna | Devi Sri Prasad
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Lahari Music | T-Series
RAAVANA Full Video Song - Jai Lava Kusa Video Songs | Jr NTR, Nivetha Thomas | Devi Sri Prasad
RAAVANA Full Video Song - Jai Lava Kusa Video Songs | Jr NTR, Nivetha Thomas | Devi Sri Prasad
Published: 2017/12/09
Channel: Lahari Music | T-Series
Ravana - Erandi Madushika (Derana eTunes)
Ravana - Erandi Madushika (Derana eTunes)
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: eTunes
Ravana full video song
Ravana full video song
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: nithin yadav
රාවණා - RAVANA | 13 11 2017 | SIYATHA TV | PART 1
රාවණා - RAVANA | 13 11 2017 | SIYATHA TV | PART 1
Published: 2017/11/14
Channel: Siyatha TV
රාවණ රජුගේ මෘත දේහය තිබෙන පෙට්ටිගල - Ravana   The Legendary Emperor of Sri Lanka
රාවණ රජුගේ මෘත දේහය තිබෙන පෙට්ටිගල - Ravana The Legendary Emperor of Sri Lanka
Published: 2016/12/25
Channel: Vishwa Karma
FFXIV OST - Ravana
FFXIV OST - Ravana's Theme
Published: 2015/06/20
Channel: dudewhereismyspoon
Ravana Facts Secrets and Truth रावण का हिला देने वाला सच जिसे सुन आप भी रावण का सम्मान करेंगे
Ravana Facts Secrets and Truth रावण का हिला देने वाला सच जिसे सुन आप भी रावण का सम्मान करेंगे
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: MyIndia
Why Rama Did Penance After Killing Ravana
Why Rama Did Penance After Killing Ravana
Published: 2016/01/15
Channel: Sadhguru
Sri Lankan Great King Ravana Full Documentary මහා රාවණ පුරාණය
Sri Lankan Great King Ravana Full Documentary මහා රාවණ පුරාණය
Published: 2016/02/09
Channel: Mate
FIRST UNDERWATER EXPLORATION OF RAVANA
FIRST UNDERWATER EXPLORATION OF RAVANA's CAVES - NIL DIYA POKUNA, ELLA, SRI LANKA
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: Dive Sri Lanka
Ramayanm Ravana dead body found in Sri Lanka with Gold || లంకలో దొరికిన రావణుడి అస్తిపంజరం..!
Ramayanm Ravana dead body found in Sri Lanka with Gold || లంకలో దొరికిన రావణుడి అస్తిపంజరం..!
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: SumanTV
Ravana
Ravana's Mummy Found in Sri Lanka
Published: 2017/10/01
Channel: Tez
About Ravana
About Ravana
Published: 2015/10/05
Channel: chonil
श्रीलंका में आज भी जिंदा है रावण| Ravana 10000 Years Old Mummy Found In Lanka| Ravana
श्रीलंका में आज भी जिंदा है रावण| Ravana 10000 Years Old Mummy Found In Lanka| Ravana
Published: 2017/09/28
Channel: Research Tv India
Camila Cabello - Havana (Audio) ft. Young Thug
Camila Cabello - Havana (Audio) ft. Young Thug
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: CamilaCabelloVEVO
King Ravana`s Palace at Sri Lanka
King Ravana`s Palace at Sri Lanka
Published: 2015/01/19
Channel: san an
Bala Sankuratri (Author Of My Name Is Ravana) Exclusive Interview - Promo || Dil Se With Anjali #39
Bala Sankuratri (Author Of My Name Is Ravana) Exclusive Interview - Promo || Dil Se With Anjali #39
Published: 2018/02/22
Channel: iDream Telugu Movies
In Kannada Ravana Dead body found In Sri Lanka || By Lion TV Kannada
In Kannada Ravana Dead body found In Sri Lanka || By Lion TV Kannada
Published: 2017/11/02
Channel: Lion TV Kannada
Interesting Facts About Ravan That Will Make You See Him In A Whole Different Light
Interesting Facts About Ravan That Will Make You See Him In A Whole Different Light
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: Indian Monk
SMITE - God Reveal - Ravana, The Demon King of Lanka
SMITE - God Reveal - Ravana, The Demon King of Lanka
Published: 2015/07/01
Channel: SMITE by Hi-Rez Studios
MAHA RAVANA | SIYATHA FM - EPISODE 196
MAHA RAVANA | SIYATHA FM - EPISODE 196
Published: 2018/02/20
Channel: Siyatha FM
Unknown facts of Ravana | Interesting Facts About Ravan | Ramayanam | Challenge Mantra
Unknown facts of Ravana | Interesting Facts About Ravan | Ramayanam | Challenge Mantra
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: Challenge Mantra
RAVANA - Erandi Madushika
RAVANA - Erandi Madushika
Published: 2017/11/11
Channel: PASAN
One of the Underground Kingdoms of King Ravana - with english subtitles
One of the Underground Kingdoms of King Ravana - with english subtitles
Published: 2012/12/22
Channel: Sidath Sameera
Ravana: THE MACE BUILD IS STILL THE BEST - Smite
Ravana: THE MACE BUILD IS STILL THE BEST - Smite
Published: 2018/02/10
Channel: Weak3n
இராவணன் வாழ்ந்த இடம்! | Sigiriya - The Ravana Place
இராவணன் வாழ்ந்த இடம்! | Sigiriya - The Ravana Place
Published: 2017/12/19
Channel: A To Z-Tamil Channel
මැණික්දෙන කැලේදී මිරැන්ඩෝ ඔබේසේකර රාවණ රජුව සියැසින් දකියි - Kingdom of King Ravana
මැණික්දෙන කැලේදී මිරැන්ඩෝ ඔබේසේකර රාවණ රජුව සියැසින් දකියි - Kingdom of King Ravana
Published: 2017/05/13
Channel: Vishwa Karma
Ravana had six airports in Sri Lanka?
Ravana had six airports in Sri Lanka?
Published: 2017/07/05
Channel: Indian Monk
5 - Incredible & Unknown Facts about Ravana PART 2 | INDIAN MYTHOLOGY SERIES | SC#194
5 - Incredible & Unknown Facts about Ravana PART 2 | INDIAN MYTHOLOGY SERIES | SC#194
Published: 2017/02/07
Channel: Simbly Chumma
MAHA RAVANA | SIYATHA FM - EPISODE 195
MAHA RAVANA | SIYATHA FM - EPISODE 195
Published: 2018/02/19
Channel: Siyatha FM
Srilanka real evidence of ravana dead
Srilanka real evidence of ravana dead
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: kadari Ramprasad
රාවණා - RAVANA | 27 11 2017 | SIYATHA TV | PART 1
රාවණා - RAVANA | 27 11 2017 | SIYATHA TV | PART 1
Published: 2017/11/28
Channel: Siyatha TV
MAHA RAVANA | SIYATHA FM - EPISODE 197
MAHA RAVANA | SIYATHA FM - EPISODE 197
Published: 2018/02/22
Channel: Siyatha FM
"JAI LAVA KUSA" "RAVANA FULL SONG"
"JAI LAVA KUSA" "RAVANA FULL SONG"
Published: 2017/09/14
Channel: Darshan Darshu
රාවණා ගැන දෙවැනි හෙළිදරව්ව මෙතැනින් බලන්න - Second revelation about Ravana
රාවණා ගැන දෙවැනි හෙළිදරව්ව මෙතැනින් බලන්න - Second revelation about Ravana
Published: 2018/02/19
Channel: Aluth Lokaya
Palace of King Ravana over 5000 years ago
Palace of King Ravana over 5000 years ago
Published: 2013/06/17
Channel: Kuloor Sanjeeva Nayak
PALACE OF RAVANA IN SRILANKA MUST WATCH DONT MISS IT
PALACE OF RAVANA IN SRILANKA MUST WATCH DONT MISS IT
Published: 2014/11/16
Channel: comedy
CHEESECAKE DE CHOCOLATE VEGANO CON MIS PASTELITOS! 🍫 Rawvana
CHEESECAKE DE CHOCOLATE VEGANO CON MIS PASTELITOS! 🍫 Rawvana
Published: 2018/02/09
Channel: Rawvana
FFXIV OST Ravana Theme  Final Phase ( Unbending Steel )
FFXIV OST Ravana Theme Final Phase ( Unbending Steel )
Published: 2015/06/19
Channel: Mekkah Dee
Secrets Behind The Ravana Historicity (The King Of Ravana)|రావణు గురించి మీకు తెలియని నిజాలు
Secrets Behind The Ravana Historicity (The King Of Ravana)|రావణు గురించి మీకు తెలియని నిజాలు
Published: 2016/11/11
Channel: Planet Leaf
7 COMIDAS CON FRIJOL PARA LA SEMANA! Vegano y Fácil 🌿 RAWVANA
7 COMIDAS CON FRIJOL PARA LA SEMANA! Vegano y Fácil 🌿 RAWVANA
Published: 2018/02/15
Channel: Rawvana
Ravana
Ravana's sister Surpanakha Still lives in Sri Lanka | Surpanakha -The untold Story | Namaste Telugu
Published: 2017/07/08
Channel: Namaste Telugu
Srisaila Mahathyam - Greatness Ravana Brahma By Chaganti || EPI 15(2)
Srisaila Mahathyam - Greatness Ravana Brahma By Chaganti || EPI 15(2)
Published: 2014/03/12
Channel: Bhakthi TV
SMITE! Ravana, Yo me tiro como loco a ver que pasa! Master Duel S4 #45
SMITE! Ravana, Yo me tiro como loco a ver que pasa! Master Duel S4 #45
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: Warchiwar
Lord Ravana King
Lord Ravana King's Dead body found in srilanka with Full gold || 2016
Published: 2016/02/25
Channel: Mr.India Creative Works
why ravana had 10 heads?
why ravana had 10 heads?
Published: 2017/06/10
Channel: Indian Monk
8 Bad Characteristics of Woman  | According to Ravana   Ramayana
8 Bad Characteristics of Woman | According to Ravana Ramayana
Published: 2016/11/27
Channel: Hashtags
Ravana Brahma Angry On Lord Vishnu - NTR Outatanding Performance In Bhoo Kailas
Ravana Brahma Angry On Lord Vishnu - NTR Outatanding Performance In Bhoo Kailas
Published: 2013/12/21
Channel: Rose Telugu Movies
රාවණා - RAVANA | 19 - 02 - 2017 | SIYATHA TV | PART 2
රාවණා - RAVANA | 19 - 02 - 2017 | SIYATHA TV | PART 2
Published: 2018/02/21
Channel: Siyatha TV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Ravana
Ravana British Museum.jpg
Statue of Ravana from 18th century CE
Other names Dashamukha or Dashanana (Ten-headed)
Predecessor Kubera
Successor Vibhishana
Personal Information
Spouse
Children
Parents
Siblings

Ravana (IAST: Rāvaṇa; /ˈrɑːvənə/;[1] Sanskrit: रावण, Tamil: இராவணன்), Sinhala: මහා රාවණා), is the primary antagonist in the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana where he is depicted as a Rakshasa, the Great king of Lanka.[a][2][3] Ravana is the son of Visravas Muni and Kaikesi and grandson of Pulastya Muni.

Ravana, a devotee of Shiva, is depicted and described as a great scholar, a Brahmin, a capable ruler and a maestro of the veena (plucked stringed instrument). He is also described as extremely powerful king and has ten heads. His paramount ambition was to overpower and dominate the devas. His ten heads represent his knowledge of the six shastras and the four Vedas. In the Ramayana, Ravana abducted Rama's wife Sita to exact vengeance on Rama and his brother Lakshmana for having cut off the ears and nose of his sister Shurpanakha.[4]

Ravana is worshipped by Hindus in some parts of India, Sri Lanka and Bali (in Indonesia.)[5][6][7] He is considered to be the most revered devotee of Shiva. Images of Ravana are seen associated with Shiva at some places.

Etymology[edit]

Statue of Ravana at Koneswaram Temple, Sri Lanka.

The word Rāvaṇa means roaring opposite of Vaiśravaṇa meaning "hear distinctly" (passive).[8] Both Ravana and Vaiśravaṇa, who is popularly known as Kubera, are considered to be patronymics derived as sons of Vishrava.[9]

According to F. E. Pargiter, the word may originally have been a Sanskritisation of Iraivan, the Tamil name for a lord or king.[10][11]

Iconography[edit]

Ravana was capable of ten separate skills. This is portrayed by depicting him as a ten-headed king in his statue and friezes. But Ravana is also depicted as having nine heads, as he has sacrificed a head to convince Shiva. However, in some stories in Java told every year, Ravana cuts one of his heads every year and presents it to Shiva as representative of his devotion. Each head reflected his desire. By cutting it and presenting it, he was sacrificing one of his many desires to appease Shiva. He kept doing it every year until the last one. It turned out that the last head was considered as the true head of Ravana and Shiva considered his devoutness is a worthy one and his sacrifices were accepted.[citation needed] He is described as a devout follower of Shiva, a great scholar, a capable ruler and a maestro of the Veena. Ravana is also depicted as the author of the Ravana Samhita, a book on Hindu astrology, and of the Arka Prakasham, a book on Siddha medicine and treatment. Ravana possessed a thorough knowledge of Siddha and political science. He is said to have possessed the nectar of immortality, which was stored inside his belly, thanks to a celestial boon by Brahma.[12][page needed]

Depiction in the Ramayana[edit]

Ravana fights Jatayu as he carries off the kidnapped Sita. Painting by Raja Ravi Varma.

Ravana was born to a great sage, Vishrava (or Vesamuni) and his wife, the daitya princess Kaikesi. People of Bisrakh village in Uttar Pradesh claim that their village was named after Vishrava and that Ravana was born there.[13]

Ravana in Sanskrit drama of Kerala, India- Kutiyattam. Artist: Guru Nātyāchārya Māni Mādhava Chākyār[14]

Historicity[edit]

According to Uttara Kaanda section of Ramayana, the Rakshasa (also known as Raksha) clan were the inhabitants of Lanka. The Raksha vanish from history after their mention in the Ramayana, except in Sri Lankan folk stories. European scholars[which?] consider the story of Ravana and the Raksha to have been made in historic times, due to knowledge of Sri Lankan locations mentioned in the stories and therefore the story is considered not to be based on fact.[15]

Temples related to Ravana[edit]

Thotsakan(Ravana)'s sculpture as a guardian of Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand

There are some Shiva temples where Ravana is worshipped.[16][17][18]

Koneswaram temple, Dhen-Dakshina Kailasam is a classical-medieval Hindu temple complex in Trincomalee, a Hindu religious pilgrimage centre in Eastern Province, Sri Lanka. These temples are associated with Ravana and his mother. They had worshiped Shiva at the shrine.[citation needed]

Kanniya Hot water spring in Sri Lanka has the history from King Ravana era. It says that King Ravana stuck the earth with his sword in several spots for his mother's funeral event and several fountains were started on those places. The water was hot and it is now a tourist attraction in Sri Lanka.[citation needed]

The Sachora Brahmins of Gujarat claim descent from Ravana and sometimes have Ravan as their surname.[19]

There is also reference to the Ravani lineage of Upadhyaya Yasastrata II, who was of Gautama gotra and was a son of Acharya Vasudatta, and described as born of Ravani.[20][full citation needed]

Alternate legends[edit]

Sri Lankan Version[edit]

Lankapura Alias Malendura was the capital city of the country during the period that King Ravana ruled this country. It was believed that this place was covered by three mountains. According to the inscriptions, the extent of this Kingdom was larger than the present Sri Lanka’s land area. However, in terms of some legends, it was stated that part of present Sri Lanka was ruled by this kingdom.[citation needed]

The Battle at Lanka, Ramayana by Sahibdin. It depicts monkey army of the protagonist Rama(top left, blue figure) fighting Ravana—the asura-king of Lanka—to save Rama's kidnapped wife Sita. The painting depicts multiple events in the battle against the three-headed asura general Trishira, in bottom left. Trishira is beheaded by Hanuman, monkey-companion of Rama.

Thai versions[edit]

In the Thai text Ramakien, an epic influenced by the Ramayana, Ravana is a yaksa or a rakshasa.[21][need quotation to verify]. In the same text sometimes Ravana is also considered an asura. The Thai names for Ravana, among others, are Rapanasur ("the Asura Ravana", Sanskrit: Ravanasura), Totsapak ("one with ten faces", Sanskrit: Dashavaktra) or, more popularly, Totsakan ("one with ten necks", Sanskrit: Dashakantha).

Burmese version[edit]

Yawana or Datha-giri, in the Burmese unofficial national epic Yama Zatdaw.

Jain version[edit]

Jain accounts vary from the traditional Hindu accounts of Ramayana. The incidents are placed at the time of the 20th Tirthankara, Munisuvrata. According to the Jain version, both Rama and Ravana were devout Jains.[22] Ravana was a Vidyadhara King having magical powers.[23] Also, as per the Jain accounts, Ravana was killed by Lakshmana and not Rama.[24]

Buddhist texts[edit]

Ravana, as a practitioner of Buddhism, is a major character in Buddhist texts such as the Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra and the Gathering of Intentions, a text of the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism.[25]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Identified by many with modern-day Sri Lanka

Citations

  1. ^ "Ravana". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
  2. ^ Mani, Vettam (1975). Puranic Encyclopaedia: A Comprehensive Dictionary With Special Reference to the Epic and Puranic Literature. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. p. 354. ISBN 0-8426-0822-2. 
  3. ^ Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions. Merriam-Webster. 1999. p. 909. ISBN 978-0-87779-044-0. 
  4. ^ Rao, Desiraju Hanumanta. "Valmiki Ramayana – Aranya Kanda – Sarga 18, Verse: 3-18-22". www.valmikiramayan.net. Retrieved 2016-10-27. 
  5. ^ "Only the elderly come to mourn Ravana in 'birthplace' Bisrakh". The Indian Express. 2014-10-04. Retrieved 2016-06-14. 
  6. ^ "Ravana in Noida: A book on Greater Noida". hindustantimes.com. 2014-03-15. Retrieved 2016-06-14. 
  7. ^ "Bisrakh seeks funds for Ravan temple – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2016-06-14. 
  8. ^ Aiyangar Narayan (1909) "Essays On Indo-Aryan Mythology-Vol.", p.413
  9. ^ MW Sanskrit Digital Dictionary p. 1026
  10. ^ Roy, Janmajit (2002-01-01). Theory of Avatāra and Divinity of Chaitanya. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. ISBN 9788126901692. 
  11. ^ "Early Tamils of Ilangai". Scribd. Retrieved 2016-09-05. 
  12. ^ Ramayana By Valmiki; Ramcharitmas by Tulsidasa (Lanka Kanda Vibhishana & Rama Samvaad)
  13. ^ "?". IBN Live. Archived from the original on 12 September 2014. 
  14. ^ Māni Mādhava Chākyār (1996). Nātyakalpadrumam. Sangeet Natak Akademi, New Delhi. p.6
  15. ^ H. Parker (1909). Ancient Ceylon. New Dehli: Asian Educational Services. 7.
  16. ^ Ravana has his temples, too. The Sunday Tribune – Spectrum. 21 October 2007.
  17. ^ Vachaspati.S, Ravana Brahma [in English], 2005, Rudrakavi Sahitya Peetham, Gandhi Nagar, Tenali, India.
  18. ^ Kamalesh Kumar Dave, Dashanan [in Hindi], 2008, Akshaya Jyotish Anusandan Kendra, Quila Road, Jodhpur, India.
  19. ^ People of India: A – G., Volume 4. Oxford Univ. Press. p. 3061. 
  20. ^ Indian Culture: Journal of the Indian Research Institute, Volume 15 By I.B. Corporation
  21. ^ Vyas, Lallan Prasad. Prachi Darshan. p. 98. 
  22. ^ Sharma, S.R. (1940), Jainism and Karnataka Culture, Dharwar: Karnatak Historical Research Society, p. 76 
  23. ^ Dalal, Roshen (2010), Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide, India: Penguin Books, p. 338, ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6 
  24. ^ Ramanujan, A.K. (1991). "Three hundred Rāmāyaṇas: Five examples and Three thoughts on Translation". In Paula Richman. Many Rāmāyaṇas: The Diversity of a Narrative Tradition in South Asia. University of California Press. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-520-07589-4. 
  25. ^ Jacob P. Dalton (2016). The Gathering of Intentions: A History of a Tibetan Tantra. Columbia University Press. pp. 20–21. ISBN 978-0-231-54117-6. 

Bibliography

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Kubera
Emperor of Lanka Succeeded by
Vibhisana

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