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1
The Specktators - REFS feat. Green Skeem (Official Music Video)
The Specktators - REFS feat. Green Skeem (Official Music Video)
::2013/04/07::
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2
The Specktators - REFS feat. Green Skeem
The Specktators - REFS feat. Green Skeem
::2011/10/31::
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3
Coach Joel Quenneville goes off on refs Chicago Blackhawks vs St. Louis Blues 4/17/14 NHL Hockey.
Coach Joel Quenneville goes off on refs Chicago Blackhawks vs St. Louis Blues 4/17/14 NHL Hockey.
::2014/04/18::
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4
MicroNugget: ReFS in Windows Server 2012
MicroNugget: ReFS in Windows Server 2012
::2012/06/08::
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5
NBA 2K14 PS4 My Career - Refs Cheesing
NBA 2K14 PS4 My Career - Refs Cheesing
::2013/12/22::
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6
NFL RIGGED - 49ers defeat Seahawks / Refs Defeat 49ers
NFL RIGGED - 49ers defeat Seahawks / Refs Defeat 49ers
::2014/02/03::
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7
New NFL Refs...too funny
New NFL Refs...too funny
::2012/08/30::
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8
Joakim Noah "F*** You" to the refs
Joakim Noah "F*** You" to the refs
::2014/02/04::
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9
What (cheating) NBA Refs Really Say to Coaches
What (cheating) NBA Refs Really Say to Coaches
::2013/01/10::
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10
Replacement Refs
Replacement Refs
::2013/07/18::
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11
Tom Brady yelling at Refs at the end of the game
Tom Brady yelling at Refs at the end of the game
::2013/11/19::
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12
Refs Do the Darndest Things
Refs Do the Darndest Things
::2012/11/08::
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13
Kroll Show (feat. Jordan Peele of Key & Peele): Ref Jeff - Back on the Court
Kroll Show (feat. Jordan Peele of Key & Peele): Ref Jeff - Back on the Court
::2013/05/22::
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14
NFL Replacement Refs SPOOF
NFL Replacement Refs SPOOF
::2012/09/28::
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15
Refs Make TERRIBLE Calls (NHL 14 Clips)
Refs Make TERRIBLE Calls (NHL 14 Clips)
::2014/01/24::
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16
Green Bay Packers Hit By Refs
Green Bay Packers Hit By Refs' Hail Mary Call Against Seattle Seahawks on 'Monday Night Football'
::2012/09/25::
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17
Refs Share Craziest Moments in the Cage
Refs Share Craziest Moments in the Cage
::2013/04/06::
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18
Did the refs help Miami Heat win the 2011-2012 NBA championship?
Did the refs help Miami Heat win the 2011-2012 NBA championship?
::2012/06/25::
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19
ReFS Windows : New File System For Windows 8.1
ReFS Windows : New File System For Windows 8.1
::2013/05/27::
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20
NFL Replacement Refs Music Parody   Flo Rida Whistle   The NOC
NFL Replacement Refs Music Parody Flo Rida Whistle The NOC
::2012/11/30::
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21
Dennis Rodman vs. Refs
Dennis Rodman vs. Refs
::2010/10/17::
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22
Beau Knows Refs!
Beau Knows Refs!
::2013/07/12::
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23
NFL Replacement Refs Fails Compilation TROLOLOLOL
NFL Replacement Refs Fails Compilation TROLOLOLOL
::2012/09/26::
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24
NFL Replacement Refs - In Memoriam
NFL Replacement Refs - In Memoriam
::2012/09/26::
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25
The Specktators - REFS
The Specktators - REFS
::2012/08/24::
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26
Green Bay Packers, Seattle Seahawks Blown Call: NFL Refs Back to Negotiating?
Green Bay Packers, Seattle Seahawks Blown Call: NFL Refs Back to Negotiating?
::2012/09/26::
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27
TSN Top 10 - Top 10 NHL Playoff Rants At Refs
TSN Top 10 - Top 10 NHL Playoff Rants At Refs
::2013/05/09::
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28
Crazy Fans, Players and Refs: Brazilian Referee Beheaded by Fans after he Fatally Stabs Player
Crazy Fans, Players and Refs: Brazilian Referee Beheaded by Fans after he Fatally Stabs Player
::2013/07/07::
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29
NFL Refs: The Stars In Stripes - 60 MINUTES SPORTS Preview - SHOWTIME
NFL Refs: The Stars In Stripes - 60 MINUTES SPORTS Preview - SHOWTIME
::2013/08/30::
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30
Ice Hockey - Referee fights player (HD)
Ice Hockey - Referee fights player (HD)
::2012/11/18::
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31
NBA Refs: Crossing the Line
NBA Refs: Crossing the Line
::2008/07/24::
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32
Joakim Noah Ejected F-Bomb Tirade at Refs!
Joakim Noah Ejected F-Bomb Tirade at Refs!
::2014/02/04::
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33
Refs make a game changing bad call even after review
Refs make a game changing bad call even after review
::2010/06/08::
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34
Refs Miss Clear Touchdown for NC State
Refs Miss Clear Touchdown for NC State
::2013/09/20::
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35
Replacement Referees Worst of Worst
Replacement Referees Worst of Worst
::2012/09/26::
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36
Aaron Rodgers Post Game interview after Refs steal the game vs Seahawks MNF - 9/24/12
Aaron Rodgers Post Game interview after Refs steal the game vs Seahawks MNF - 9/24/12
::2012/09/25::
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37
LeBron
LeBron's Intentional Foul: How The Refs Decided Heat at Pacers - Court Call Episode 22
::2014/03/28::
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38
ESPN Sportsnation - Best of Replacement Refs
ESPN Sportsnation - Best of Replacement Refs
::2012/09/28::
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39
Terrible Call: Basketball Refs Argue Bad Call
Terrible Call: Basketball Refs Argue Bad Call
::2010/01/25::
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40
NBA refs shaving points? Pistons vs. Heat, 2006
NBA refs shaving points? Pistons vs. Heat, 2006
::2007/07/26::
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41
Miami Cheaters "The Miami Refs" Hard Fouls Uncalled NBA PLAYOFFS 2013
Miami Cheaters "The Miami Refs" Hard Fouls Uncalled NBA PLAYOFFS 2013
::2013/05/29::
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42
REFS by The Specktators ft. Green Skeem lyrics
REFS by The Specktators ft. Green Skeem lyrics
::2013/04/20::
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43
Rockets broadcaster Matt Bullard to refs: "You guys are terrible!"
Rockets broadcaster Matt Bullard to refs: "You guys are terrible!"
::2009/12/06::
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44
"Refs You Suck" Chant After Bad Call On Deron Williams
"Refs You Suck" Chant After Bad Call On Deron Williams
::2014/03/11::
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45
NO REFS. NO GAME - Du bist entscheidend
NO REFS. NO GAME - Du bist entscheidend
::2012/11/23::
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46
Cristiano Ronaldo cries foul vs Barcelona, Refs, El Clasico
Cristiano Ronaldo cries foul vs Barcelona, Refs, El Clasico
::2014/03/25::
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47
Terrible Calls by ACC Refs in FSU-Miami 2011
Terrible Calls by ACC Refs in FSU-Miami 2011
::2011/11/13::
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48
Jim Rome Montage of Replacement Refs
Jim Rome Montage of Replacement Refs' funniest moments
::2012/09/28::
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49
PAC-10 Refs SUCK
PAC-10 Refs SUCK
::2010/12/26::
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50
The Refs Want Seven Games: LeBron Fouls Out - Game 4 2013 NBA Eastern Conference Finals
The Refs Want Seven Games: LeBron Fouls Out - Game 4 2013 NBA Eastern Conference Finals
::2013/05/30::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Resilient File System (ReFS),[1] codenamed "Protogon",[2] is a proprietary file system introduced with Windows Server 2012. Initially intended for file servers only, it improves on NTFS in some respects, while also removing a number of features.

Features[edit]

Major new features of ReFS include:[3][4]

Improved reliability for on-disk structures
ReFS uses B+ trees[3] for all on-disk structures including metadata and file data. Metadata and file data are organized into tables similar to a relational database. The file size, number of files in a folder, total volume size and number of folders in a volume are limited by 64-bit numbers; as a result ReFS supports a maximum file size of 16 Exabytes, a maximum of 18.4 × 1018 folders and a maximum volume size of 1 Yottabyte (with 64 KB clusters) which allows large scalability with no practical limits on file and folder size (hardware restrictions still apply). Free space is counted by a hierarchical allocator which includes three separate tables for large, medium, and small chunks.
Built-in resilience
ReFS employs an allocation-on-write update strategy for metadata,[3] which allocates new chunks for every update transaction and uses large IO batches. All ReFS metadata has built-in 64-bit checksums which are stored independently. The file data can have an optional checksum in a separate "integrity stream", in which case the file update strategy also implements allocation-on-write; this is controlled by a new "integrity" attribute applicable to both files and directories. If nevertheless file data or metadata becomes corrupt, the file can be deleted without taking down the whole volume offline for maintenance, then restored from the backup. As a result of built-in resiliency, administrators do not need to periodically run error-checking tools such as CHKDSK when using ReFS.
Compatibility with existing APIs and technologies
ReFS supports only a subset of NTFS features, and only Win32 APIs that are "widely adopted"; but does not require new system APIs and most file system filters continue to work with ReFS volumes.[3] ReFS supports many existing Windows and NTFS features such as BitLocker encryption, Access Control Lists, USN Journal, change notifications,[5] symbolic links, junction points, mount points, reparse points, volume snapshots, file IDs, and oplock. ReFS seamlessly[3] integrates with Storage Spaces, a storage virtualization layer that allows data mirroring and striping, as well as sharing storage pools between machines.[6] ReFS resiliency features enhance the mirroring feature provided by Storage Spaces and can detect whether any mirrored copies of files become corrupt using background data scrubbing process, which periodically reads all mirror copies and verifies their checksums then replaces bad copies with good ones.

Some NTFS features are not supported in ReFS, including named streams, object IDs, 8.3 filename, NTFS compression, Encrypting File System (EFS), transactional NTFS, hard links, extended attributes, and disk quotas.[3][2] ReFS does not itself offer data deduplication.[3] In addition, Windows cannot be booted from a ReFS volume.[3] Dynamic disks with mirrored or striped volumes are replaced with mirrored or striped storage pools provided by Storage Spaces, however, automated error-correction is only supported on mirrored spaces. ReFS is unsuitable for Microsoft SQL Server instance allocation due to the absence of alternate data streams.[7]

Microsoft Windows 8.1 adds support for ReFS volumes and, compared with Microsoft Windows Server 2012, both Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1 add additional features when using ReFS, including alternate data streams and automatic correction of corruption when integrity streams are used on parity spaces.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lucas, Martin (1 January 2013). "Windows Server 2012: Does ReFS replace NTFS? When should I use it?". Ask Premier Field Engineering (PFE) Platforms. Microsoft. TechNet blogs. Retrieved 20 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Foley, Mary Jo (16 January 2012). "Microsoft goes public with plans for its new Windows 8 file system". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Verma, Surendra (16 January 2012). "Building the next generation file system for Windows: ReFS". In Sinofsky, Steven. Building Windows 8. Microsoft. MSDN blogs. Retrieved 20 January 2013. 
  4. ^ Meyer, David (17 January 2012). "Microsoft takes wraps off new Windows file system". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 20 January 2013. 
  5. ^ "ReadDirectoryChangesW function". MSDN Library. Microsoft. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  6. ^ Nagar, Rajeev (5 January 2012). "Virtualizing storage for scale, resiliency, and efficiency". In Sinofsky, Steven. Building Windows 8. Microsoft. MSDN blogs. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  7. ^ Cherry, Denny (21 August 2012). "SQL Server Pro magazine". Troubleshooting SQL Server Storage Problems. Penton Media. 
  8. ^ "Resilient File System Overview". TechNet Library. Microsoft. 29 February 2012. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
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