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Driving by Reading,Pennsylvania
Driving by Reading,Pennsylvania
Published: 2016/03/07
Channel: Charrua NYC
The Poorest City in America - Reading, PA - Moms Matter 2012 "Swing State" Road Trip
The Poorest City in America - Reading, PA - Moms Matter 2012 "Swing State" Road Trip
Published: 2012/07/25
Channel: CafeMom Studios
AMAZING Pagoda in Reading Pennsylvania
AMAZING Pagoda in Reading Pennsylvania
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: 570 DRONE
Faces of Poverty: Struggling to Make it in Reading, Pennsylvania
Faces of Poverty: Struggling to Make it in Reading, Pennsylvania
Published: 2014/06/25
Channel: OdysseyNetworks
Crazy shoot out in reading pa
Crazy shoot out in reading pa
Published: 2014/08/13
Channel: bedstuy brooklyn
The Creepy, Dying Vanity Fair Outlets - West Reading PA
The Creepy, Dying Vanity Fair Outlets - West Reading PA
Published: 2017/03/24
Channel: Berks Nostalgia
Reading, Pennsylvania Streets
Reading, Pennsylvania Streets
Published: 2014/05/24
Channel: @ Todos Lados
Ode to a Dying Mall: Fairgrounds Square Mall, Reading PA
Ode to a Dying Mall: Fairgrounds Square Mall, Reading PA
Published: 2014/10/05
Channel: Greg Lynn
GayTravel Celebrity Guru Goes to Greater Reading, PA
GayTravel Celebrity Guru Goes to Greater Reading, PA
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: gaytravel
a Reading PA Tale Cypher
a Reading PA Tale Cypher
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: Okie Entertainment
Driving Around Reading, Pennsylvania
Driving Around Reading, Pennsylvania
Published: 2015/07/05
Channel: Beth Frank
Driving in West Reading, PA ( Penn St )
Driving in West Reading, PA ( Penn St )
Published: 2014/10/19
Channel: @ Todos Lados
Documentary on Homeless in Tent City Reading PA
Documentary on Homeless in Tent City Reading PA
Published: 2015/01/24
Channel: Randolph Simmons
2 Students At Albright College In Reading, Pa. Suspended For Blackface Video
2 Students At Albright College In Reading, Pa. Suspended For Blackface Video
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: ChasinDatPaperMedia
Lost Amusement Parks ~ Carsonia & Pendora Park, Reading, PA ~
Lost Amusement Parks ~ Carsonia & Pendora Park, Reading, PA ~
Published: 2014/07/07
Channel: ReelNostalgia
The Pagoda, Reading, PA
The Pagoda, Reading, PA
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: RealUnitedStatesVlog
Hail Storm Reading, Pa 5/22/14
Hail Storm Reading, Pa 5/22/14
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: openyourmind888
BIGGEST CAR MEET I
BIGGEST CAR MEET I'VE EVER BEEN TO (Reading, PA)
Published: 2017/01/21
Channel: SuperCarKid
Old-time views of East Reading, Pa.   11-1-16
Old-time views of East Reading, Pa. 11-1-16
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: bctv.org
Georgio
Georgio's Pizzeria in West Reading, Pennsylvania
Published: 2017/02/24
Channel: Performance Toyota
Reading a book, or Reading, PA?
Reading a book, or Reading, PA?
Published: 2009/06/26
Channel: Binkaso
Mi Casa Su Casa Restaurant in Reading, Pennsylvania
Mi Casa Su Casa Restaurant in Reading, Pennsylvania
Published: 2017/02/16
Channel: Performance Toyota
Drone video of the Pagoda in Reading, PA.
Drone video of the Pagoda in Reading, PA.
Published: 2014/06/01
Channel: newsworking
Flying Drones at Reading, PA!!! At Night!!!
Flying Drones at Reading, PA!!! At Night!!!
Published: 2016/01/29
Channel: Alonzo West
Trains in the Reading Pennsylvania Area
Trains in the Reading Pennsylvania Area
Published: 2012/07/10
Channel: Central Penn Rail Productions
September 2015 Driving in Wyomissing and West Reading, Pennsylvania
September 2015 Driving in Wyomissing and West Reading, Pennsylvania
Published: 2015/09/26
Channel: @ Todos Lados
Reading, PA in Seinfeld
Reading, PA in Seinfeld
Published: 2011/04/10
Channel: mcg416
3rd Annual Car Show 2016 Reading, PA
3rd Annual Car Show 2016 Reading, PA
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: DC Studiosx
Home Movies - Reading, Pennsylvania 1956, Jersey Shore NJ
Home Movies - Reading, Pennsylvania 1956, Jersey Shore NJ
Published: 2014/01/31
Channel: Shawn Boyle
Pagoda Hill Climb In Reading PA.
Pagoda Hill Climb In Reading PA.
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: TheLastOne
"The Reading, Pennsylvania Breakdown" by Bill Monroe - Live!
"The Reading, Pennsylvania Breakdown" by Bill Monroe - Live!
Published: 2014/10/06
Channel: Dave Kline
Justified shooting? Citizen kills two armed robbers in Reading, Pennsylvania
Justified shooting? Citizen kills two armed robbers in Reading, Pennsylvania
Published: 2013/11/07
Channel: TomoNews US
Reading, Pa Witches hat brush fire ( Helmet Cam Footage)
Reading, Pa Witches hat brush fire ( Helmet Cam Footage)
Published: 2015/06/30
Channel: The25FireFighter
Hurricane Agnes Flood in Reading, PA
Hurricane Agnes Flood in Reading, PA
Published: 2010/10/06
Channel: BerksTimeTrain
2015 WORLD WAR II WEEKEND Reading,Pa
2015 WORLD WAR II WEEKEND Reading,Pa
Published: 2015/06/08
Channel: Mark Rountree
2014 WW2 Weekend, Reading PA  Yo-GeorgeTV.com
2014 WW2 Weekend, Reading PA Yo-GeorgeTV.com
Published: 2014/06/08
Channel: GeoSports
WWII Weekend, Reading Air Show, Reading PA 2013
WWII Weekend, Reading Air Show, Reading PA 2013
Published: 2013/06/10
Channel: US37mmGunner
S13 240sx Pagoda Hillclimb reading pa 93.3 seconds 2016 duryea rb20det
S13 240sx Pagoda Hillclimb reading pa 93.3 seconds 2016 duryea rb20det
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: frosti108
Friday @ WORLD WAR II Weekend in Reading Pa  2017
Friday @ WORLD WAR II Weekend in Reading Pa 2017
Published: 2017/06/04
Channel: Mark Rountree
Reading PA Hotels - Homewood Suites Reading Pennsylvania Hotel
Reading PA Hotels - Homewood Suites Reading Pennsylvania Hotel
Published: 2012/12/10
Channel: emaxhotelmarketing
Winter Snow Storm Ultima in Reading, PA area (First Time)
Winter Snow Storm Ultima in Reading, PA area (First Time)
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: @ Todos Lados
Faces of Poverty: Life at the Breaking Point
Faces of Poverty: Life at the Breaking Point
Published: 2011/12/19
Channel: OdysseyNetworks
Drift Trike Pagoda Skyline in Reading, PA. adult big wheel huffy slider tricycle
Drift Trike Pagoda Skyline in Reading, PA. adult big wheel huffy slider tricycle
Published: 2012/02/20
Channel: ulpsb
224 N. 2nd Street / Box 0301 / Reading, Pa
224 N. 2nd Street / Box 0301 / Reading, Pa
Published: 2014/05/12
Channel: Matt Staley
Homes for rent - 402 PINE ST, WEST READING, PA 19611
Homes for rent - 402 PINE ST, WEST READING, PA 19611
Published: 2016/04/19
Channel: RE/MAX of Reading
PA Modern Mopar @Pagoda Reading, Pa 1- 1- 17  pt1
PA Modern Mopar @Pagoda Reading, Pa 1- 1- 17 pt1
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: zlumlord
Tour of Public Art in Downtown Reading, PA
Tour of Public Art in Downtown Reading, PA
Published: 2013/11/07
Channel: bctv.org
The Pagoda in Reading Pennsylvania!
The Pagoda in Reading Pennsylvania!
Published: 2016/09/30
Channel: Tempe Time
BASSOON LESSONS IN READING PENNSYLVANIA- NEW YORK
BASSOON LESSONS IN READING PENNSYLVANIA- NEW YORK
Published: 2011/05/20
Channel: TimPriceJazz
Best Barber Shop in Reading, PA Diamond Touch
Best Barber Shop in Reading, PA Diamond Touch
Published: 2017/01/31
Channel: Performance Toyota
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Reading, Pennsylvania
City
View of Reading area from Pagoda.jpg Downtown Reading PA.jpg
Pagoda at Sunset.jpg Reading Art Museum.jpg
Clockwise from top left: View of Reading from Mount Penn, downtown Reading, Art Museum, and Pagoda
Nickname(s): Baseballtown,[1] Pretzel Capital of the World, Pretzel City [2]
Location of Reading in Berks County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Reading in Berks County, Pennsylvania.
Reading is located in Pennsylvania
Reading
Reading
Reading is located in the US
Reading
Reading
Location in Pennsylvania and the United States
Coordinates: 40°20′30″N 75°55′35″W / 40.34167°N 75.92639°W / 40.34167; -75.92639Coordinates: 40°20′30″N 75°55′35″W / 40.34167°N 75.92639°W / 40.34167; -75.92639
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Berks
Founded 1748
Incorporated September 15, 1783 (as a borough), March 16, 1847 (as a city)[3]
Named for Reading, Berkshire
Government
 • Mayor Wally Scott (D)
Area[4]
 • City 10.13 sq mi (26.24 km2)
 • Land 9.87 sq mi (25.57 km2)
 • Water 0.26 sq mi (0.67 km2)
Elevation 305 ft (93 m)
Population (2010)[5]
 • City 88,082
 • Estimate (2016)[6] 87,575
 • Density 8,871.05/sq mi (3,425.30/km2)
 • Urban 266,254 (US: 140th)
 • Metro 413,521 (US: 128th)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP Codes 19601-19612, 19640
Area code(s) 610, 484
FIPS code 42-63624
Website Official website
Designated 1948[7]

Reading (/ˈrɛdɪŋ/ RED-ing) (Pennsylvania German: Reddin), is the county seat of Berks County and with a population of 88,976 [8] is the fifth-largest city in Pennsylvania.[9][10] Located in southeastern Pennsylvania, it is the principal city of the Greater Reading Area.

The city, approximately halfway between Philadelphia and the state capital at Harrisburg, is strategically situated along a major transportation route from Central to Eastern Pennsylvania, and lent its name to the now-defunct Reading Railroad, which transported anthracite coal from the Pennsylvania Coal Region to the eastern United States via the Port of Philadelphia. Reading Railroad is one of the four railroad properties in the classic United States version of the Monopoly board game.

Reading was one of the first localities where outlet shopping became a tourist industry. It has been known as "The Pretzel City", because of numerous local pretzel bakeries. Currently, Bachman, Dieffenbach, Tom Sturgis, and Unique Pretzel bakeries call the Reading area home.

According to the 2010 census, Reading has the highest share of citizens living in poverty in the nation.[11]

In recent years, the Reading area has become a destination for cyclists. With more than 125 miles of trails in five major preserves, it is an International Mountain Bicycling Association Ride Center and it annually hosts the Reading 120 international road cycling race.[12][13]

In April 2017, it was announced that an indoor velodrome, or cycling track, will be built in Reading as the first of its kind on the East Coast and only the second in the entire country. Albright College and the World Cycling League formally announced plans April 6, 2017, to build the $20 million, 2,500-seat facility, which will be called the National Velodrome and Events Center at Albright College. It will also serve as the Cycling League's world headquarters.[14]

History[edit]

The 500-block of Court Street in Downtown Reading, with Berks County courthouse on the left.
Reading and its suburbs, 1955.

Lenni Lenape people, also known as "Delaware Indians", were the original inhabitants of the Reading area.

The Colony of Pennsylvania was a 1680 land grant from King Charles II of England to William Penn. Comprising more than 45,000 square miles (120,000 km2), it was named for his father, Sir William Penn.

In 1743, Richard and Thomas Penn (sons of William Penn) mapped out the town of Reading with Conrad Weiser. Taking its name from Reading, Berkshire, England, the town was established in 1748. Upon the creation of Berks County in 1752, Reading became the county seat. The region was settled by emigrants from southern and western Germany, who bought land from the Penns. The first Amish community in the New World was established in Greater Reading, Berks County.[15] The Pennsylvanian German dialect was spoken in the area well into the 1950s and later.

During the French and Indian War, Reading was a military base for a chain of forts along the Blue Mountain.

Reading downtown as seen from Penn and 2nd Streets

By the time of the American Revolution, the area's iron industry had a total production exceeding England's. That output helped supply George Washington's troops with cannons, rifles, and ammunition in the Revolutionary War. During the early period of the conflict, Reading was again a depot for military supply. Hessian prisoners from the Battle of Trenton were also detained here.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania was the capital of the United States at the time of the Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1793.[16] President Washington traveled to Reading, and considered making it the emergency national capital, but chose Germantown instead.

Susanna Cox was tried and convicted for infanticide in Reading in 1809. Her case attracted tremendous sympathy; 20,000 viewers came to view her hanging, swamping the 3,000 inhabitants.

Census data showed that, from 1810 to 1950, Reading was among the nation's top one hundred largest urban places.

The Schuylkill Canal, a north-south canal completed in 1825, paralleled the Schuylkill River and connected Reading with Philadelphia and the Delaware River. The Union Canal, an east-west canal completed in 1828, connected the Schuylkill and Susquehanna Rivers, and ran from Reading to Middletown, Pennsylvania, a few miles south of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Railroads forced the abandonment of the canals by the 1880s.

The Philadelphia and Reading Railroad (P&R) was incorporated in 1833. During the Long Depression following the Panic of 1873, a statewide railroad strike in 1877 over delayed wages led to a violent protest and clash with the National Guard in which six Reading men were killed.[17] Following more than a century of prosperity, the Reading Company was forced to file for bankruptcy protection in 1971. The bankruptcy was a result of dwindling coal shipping revenues and strict government regulations that denied railroads the ability to set competitive prices, required high taxes, and forced the railroads to continue to operate money-losing passenger service lines. On April 1, 1976, the Reading Company sold its current railroad interests to the newly formed Consolidated Railroad Corporation (Conrail).

Early in the 20th century, the city participated in the burgeoning automobile and motorcycle industry as home to the pioneer "Brass Era" companies, Daniels Motor Company, Duryea Motor Wagon Company and Reading-Standard Company.[18]

Reading experienced continuous growth until the 1930s, when its population reached nearly 120,000. From the 1940s to the 1970s, however, the city saw a sharp downturn in prosperity, largely owing to the decline of the heavy industry and railroads, on which Reading had been built, and a national trend of urban decline.

In 1972, Hurricane Agnes caused extensive flooding in the city, not the last time the lower precincts of Reading were inundated by the Schuylkill River. A similar, though not as devastating, flood occurred during June 2006.

The 2000 census showed that Reading's population decline had ceased. This was attributed to an influx of Hispanic residents from New York City, as well as from the extension of suburban sprawl from Philadelphia's northwest suburbs.

Reading has its share of obstacles to overcome, namely crime.[19] However, new crime fighting strategies appear to have had an impact. In 2006, the city dropped in the rankings of dangerous cities, and again in 2007.

In December 2007, NBC's Today show featured Reading as one of the top four "Up and Coming Neighborhoods" in the United States as showing potential for a real estate boom.[20] The interviewee, Barbara Corcoran, chose the city by looking for areas of big change, renovations, cleanups of parks, waterfronts, and warehouses. Corcoran also noted Reading's proximity to Philadelphia, New York, and other cities.

Climate[edit]

Reading, Pennsylvania
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.7
 
 
37
21
 
 
2.8
 
 
41
23
 
 
3.6
 
 
50
31
 
 
3.7
 
 
62
40
 
 
4.5
 
 
72
51
 
 
4.4
 
 
80
60
 
 
4.1
 
 
85
65
 
 
3.6
 
 
83
62
 
 
4.4
 
 
76
55
 
 
3.3
 
 
65
42
 
 
3.5
 
 
54
35
 
 
3.3
 
 
42
26
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: Weather.com

The climate in and around Reading is variable, but relatively mild. The Reading area is considered a humid subtropical climate, with areas just to the north designated as a humid continental climate. Summers are warm and humid with average July highs around 85 °F. Extended periods of heat and high humidity occur. On average, there are 15–20 days per year where the temperature exceeds 90 °F. Reading becomes milder in the autumn, as the heat and humidity of summer relent to lower humidity and temperatures. The first killing frost generally occurs in mid to late October.

Winters bring freezing temperatures, but usually move above freezing during the day's warmest point. The average January high is 38; the average January low is 22 °F, but it is not unusual for winter temperatures to be much lower or higher than the averages. The all-time record low (not including wind chill) was −21 °F during a widespread cold wave in January 1994. Snow is common in some winters, but the harsher winter conditions experienced to the north and west are not typical of Greater Reading. Annual snowfall is variable, but averages around 32 inches. Spring temperatures vary widely between freezing temperatures and the 80s or even 90s later in Spring. The last killing frost usually is in later April, but freezing temperatures have occurred in May. Total precipitation for the entire year is around 45 inches (112 cm).

Climate data for Reading, Pennsylvania
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
(22)
77
(25)
88
(31)
97
(36)
96
(36)
97
(36)
102
(39)
102
(39)
100
(38)
92
(33)
82
(28)
77
(25)
102
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 38
(3)
42
(6)
51
(11)
63
(17)
73
(23)
82
(28)
86
(30)
84
(29)
77
(25)
66
(19)
54
(12)
43
(6)
63.3
(17.4)
Average low °F (°C) 22
(−6)
24
(−4)
32
(0)
41
(5)
51
(11)
61
(16)
65
(18)
64
(18)
56
(13)
44
(7)
36
(2)
27
(−3)
43.6
(6.4)
Record low °F (°C) −20
(−29)
−8
(−22)
−2
(−19)
16
(−9)
26
(−3)
39
(4)
46
(8)
42
(6)
30
(−1)
20
(−7)
8
(−13)
−4
(−20)
−20
(−29)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.92
(74.2)
2.93
(74.4)
3.56
(90.4)
3.69
(93.7)
4.03
(102.4)
4.50
(114.3)
4.67
(118.6)
3.80
(96.5)
4.42
(112.3)
3.78
(96)
3.44
(87.4)
3.58
(90.9)
45.32
(1,151.1)
Source: The Weather Channel[21]

Geography[edit]

Reading is located at 40°20′30″N 75°55′35″W / 40.34167°N 75.92639°W / 40.34167; -75.92639 (40.341692, −75.926301)[22] in southeastern Pennsylvania, roughly 65 miles (105 km) northwest of Philadelphia. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.1 square miles (26 km2). 9.8 square miles (25 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (2.39%) is water. The total area is 2.39% water. The city is largely bounded on the west by the Schuylkill River, on the east by Mount Penn, and on the south by Neversink Mountain. The Reading Prong, the mountain formation stretching north into New Jersey, has come to be associated with naturally occurring radon gas; however, homes in Reading are not particularly affected. The surrounding county is home to a number of family-owned farms.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Companies based in Reading and surrounding communities include Boscov's, Carpenter, GK Elite Sportswear, Penske Truck Leasing, and Redner's Markets.

In 2012, The New York Times called Reading "the nation's poorest city."[23]

According to the Greater Reading Chamber of Commerce and Industry,[24] the largest employers in the Berks county area are

# Employer # of Employees
1 Reading Hospital 6,878
2 East Penn Manufacturing Co. 6,851
3 Carpenter 2,432
4 County of Berks 2,370
5 Reading School District 1,903
6 Pennsylvania Government 1,886
7 Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. 1,818
8 Boscov's 1,740
9 St. Joseph Medical Center 1,566
10 Penske Truck Leasing 1,535

Jump Start Incubator, a program of Berks County Community Foundation and the Kutztown University Small Business Development Center, is intended to help entrepreneurs open new businesses in the area.[25]

Transportation[edit]

Bus[edit]

BARTA bus in downtown Reading.

Public transit in Reading and its surrounding communities has been provided since 1973 by BARTA, the Berks Area Regional Transportation Authority. BARTA operates a fleet of 50 buses serving 19 routes, mostly originating at the BARTA Transportation Center in Downtown Reading. BARTA also provides paratransit service in addition to fixed route service. In addition, Greyhound and Bieber Trailways bus routes are available from the InterCity Bus Terminal. The former Reading Railroad Franklin Street Station was refurbished and reopened to bus service on September 9, 2013 with buses running the express route back and forth to Lebanon Transit. This Lebanon Route was discontinued after a short period. Now the refurbished Station sits vacant.

Roadways[edit]

A number of federal and state highways allow entry to and egress from Reading. U.S. Route 222 Business is designated as Lancaster Avenue, Bingaman Street, South 4th Street, and 5th Street. U.S. Route 422 Business is designated as Penn Street, Washington Street (westbound), Franklin Street (eastbound), and Perkiomen Avenue. U.S. Route 422, the major east-west artery, circles the western edge of the city and is known locally as The West Shore Bypass. PA Route 12 is known as the Warren Street Bypass, as it bypasses the city to the north. U.S. Route 222 bypasses the city to the west. PA Route 10 is known as Morgantown Road. From the 1960s to the late 1990s, the section of current U.S. Route 222 from Spring Blvd to 5th Street Highway was known locally as the 'Road to Nowhere'.

Airlines[edit]

Reading and the surrounding area is serviced by the Reading Regional Airport, a general aviation airfield. The three-letter airport code for Reading is RDG. Scheduled commercial airline service to Reading ended in 2004, when the last airline, USAir stopped flying into Reading.

Rail[edit]

Passenger trains ran between Pottsville, Reading, Pottstown and Philadelphia until July 27, 1981, when transit operator SEPTA curtailed commuter service to electrified lines. Since then, there have been repeated calls for the resumption of the services.

In the late 1990s and up to 2003, SEPTA, in cooperation with Reading-based BARTA, funded a study called the Schuylkill Valley Metro which included plans to extend both sides of SEPTA's R6 passenger line to Pottstown, Reading, and Wyomissing, Pennsylvania. The project suffered a major setback when it was rejected by the Federal Transit Administration New Starts program, which cited doubts about the ridership projections and financing assumptions used by the study. With the recent surge in gasoline prices and ever-increasing traffic, the planning commissions of Montgomery County and Berks County have teamed to study the feasibility of a simple diesel shuttle train between the Norristown/Manayunk Line and Pottstown/Reading.[26]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 2,225
1800 2,386 7.2%
1810 3,462 45.1%
1820 4,332 25.1%
1830 5,856 35.2%
1840 8,410 43.6%
1850 15,743 87.2%
1860 23,162 47.1%
1870 33,930 46.5%
1880 43,278 27.6%
1890 58,661 35.5%
1900 78,961 34.6%
1910 96,071 21.7%
1920 107,784 12.2%
1930 111,171 3.1%
1940 110,568 −0.5%
1950 109,320 −1.1%
1960 98,061 −10.3%
1970 87,643 −10.6%
1980 78,686 −10.2%
1990 78,380 −0.4%
2000 81,207 3.6%
2010 88,082 8.5%
Est. 2016 87,575 [6] −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[27]
2013 Estimate[28]

As of the 2010 census, the city was 48.4% White, 13.2% Black or African American, 0.9% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian, and 6.1% were two or more races. 58.2% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry.[29]

As of the census of 2000, there were 30,113 households, out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.4% were married couples living together, 20.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.8% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.33.[30]

In the city, the population was spread out, with 29.9% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 17.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,698, and the median income for a family was $31,067. Males had a median income of $28,114 versus $21,993 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,086. 26.1% of the population and 22.3% of families were below the poverty line. 36.5% of those under the age of 18 and 15.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Estimates[edit]

As of the American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, Reading had a population of 80,997. The racial makeup of the city was 48.8% White, 14.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 31.1% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. 56.3% were Hispanic or Latino of any race, with 33.5% being of Puerto Rican descent. 33.0% of all people were living below the poverty line, including 42.0% of those under 18.

According to the US Census Bureau, 32.9% of all residents live below the poverty level, including 45.7% of those under 18. Reading's unemployment rate in May 2010 was 14.7%, while Berks County's unemployment rate was 9.9%.[31]

Neighborhoods[edit]

Name Area Population
Center City 0.381 sq. mi 5,374
Callowhill 0.751 sq. mi 7,289
Centre Park 0.615 sq. mi 10,781
College Heights 1.295 sq. mi 14,903
East Reading 2.230 sq. mi 34,572
Eastside 1.849 sq. mi 29,198
Glenside 2.303 sq. mi 11,837
Hampden Heights 3.144 sq. mi 44,101
Millmont 1.024 sq. mi 5,298
North Riverside 0.955 sq. mi 12,674
Northmont 0.035 sq. mi 697
Northside 0.187 sq. mi 1,822
Oakbrook/Wyomissing Park 1.197 sq. mi 5,947
Outlet District 0.554 sq. mi 14,295
Penn's Commons 0.796 sq. mi 15,891
Prince Historic District 0.123 sq. mi 2,002
Queen Anne Historic District 0.330 sq. mi 6,359
Southside 1.486 sq. mi 10,317
South of Penn 1.122 sq. mi 8,483

Fire department[edit]

The Reading Fire Museum

The city of Reading is protected by the 135 firefighters and paramedics of the Reading Fire and EMS Department (RFD). The RFD operates out of seven fire stations throughout the city. The RFD operates a fire apparatus fleet of five Engine Companies, three Ladder Companies, one Rescue Company, brush unit, and four front-line Medic Ambulances. In 2013, fire units responded to 8,626 incidents. EMS responses totaled 16,773 calls for service.[32]

As of April 1, 2011, Engines 13 and 14 were disbanded due to budget cuts. Engine 13 was quartered with Engine 1 and Engine 14 was quartered with Engine 5. Also, Engine 7 was re-organized from Engine 11. Department staffing is 2 firefighters per apparatus.[33]

Education[edit]

Reading High School

The Reading School District provides elementary and middle schools for the city's children. Numerous Catholic parochial schools are also available.

Press reports have indicated that in 2012, about eight percent of Reading's residents have a college degree, compared to a national average of 28%.[23]

Four institutions of higher learning are located in Reading:

Four high schools serve the city:

Sports[edit]

Reading is known for the Reading Fightin Phils, minor league affiliate of the Philadelphia Phillies, who play at FirstEnergy Stadium. Notable alumni are Larry Bowa, Ryne Sandberg, Mike Schmidt, Ryan Howard, and Jimmy Rollins.

The city has been the residence of numerous professional athletes. Among these native to Reading are Brooklyn Dodgers outfielder Carl Furillo, Baltimore Colts running back Lenny Moore, and Philadelphia 76ers forward Donyell Marshall. Pro golfer Betsy King, a member of the World Golf Hall of Fame, was born in Reading.

The open-wheel racing portion of Penske Racing had been based in Reading, Pennsylvania since 1973 with the cars, during the F1 and CART era, being constructed in Poole, Dorset, England as well as being the base for the F1 team. On October 31, 2005, Penske Racing announced after the 2006 IRL season, they would consolidate IRL and NASCAR operations at the team's Mooresville, North Carolina facility; with the flooding in Pennsylvania in 2006, the team's operations were moved to Mooresville earlier than expected. Penske Truck Leasing is still based in Reading.

Duryea Drive, which ascends Mount Penn in a series of switchbacks, was a testing place for early automobiles and was named for Charles Duryea. The Blue Mountain Region Sports Car Club of America hosts the Duryea Hill Climb, the longest in the Pennsylvania Hillclimb Association series, which follows the same route the automaker used to test his cars.[34]

Reading played host to a stop on the PGA Tour, the Reading Open, in the late 1940s and early 1950s.

Club League Venue Established Championships
Reading Fightin Phils EL, Baseball FirstEnergy Stadium 1967 4
Reading Royals ECHL, Ice hockey Santander Arena 2001 1
Reading United AC USL, Soccer Don Thomas Stadium 1996

Culture[edit]

The city's cultural institutions include the Reading Symphony Orchestra and its education project the Reading Symphony Youth Orchestra, the Reading Choral Society, Opus One: Berks Chamber Choir, the GoggleWorks Art Gallery, the Reading Public Museum and the Historical Society of Berks County.

Reading is the birthplace of graphic artist Jim Steranko, guitar virtuoso Richie Kotzen, singer Taylor Swift, and most notably, novelist and poet John Updike and the world-renowned poet Wallace Stevens. Marching band composer and writer John Philip Sousa, the March King, died in Reading's Abraham Lincoln Hotel in 1932. Artist Keith Haring[35] was born in Reading.

Downtown Reading

Reading is home to the 14-time world-champion drum and bugle corps, the Reading Buccaneers.

In 1914, one the anchors of the Battleship Maine was delivered from the Washington Navy Yard to City Park, off of Perkiomen Avenue. The anchor was dedicated during a ceremony presided over by Franklin D. Roosevelt, who was then assistant secretary of the navy.

Reading was home to several movie and theater palaces in the early 20th Century. The Astor, Embassy, Loew's Colonial, and Rajah Shrine Theater were grand monuments of architecture and entertainment. Today, after depression, recession, and urban renewal, the Rajah is the only one to remain. The Astor Theater was demolished in 1998 to make way for The Sovereign Center. Certain steps were taken to retain mementos of the Astor, including its ornate Art Deco chandelier and gates. These are on display and in use inside the arena corridors, allowing insight into the ambiance of the former movie house. In 2000, the Rajah was purchased from the Shriners. After a much needed restoration, it was renamed the Sovereign Performing Arts Center.

The Mid-Atlantic Air Museum is a membership-supported museum and restoration facility located at Carl A. Spaatz Field. The museum actively displays and restores historic and rare war aircraft and civilian airliners. Most notable to their collection is a Northrop P-61 Black Widow under active restoration since its recovery from Mount Cyclops, New Guinea in 1989. Beginning in 1990, the museum has hosted "World War II Weekend Air Show", scheduled to coincide with D-Day. On display are period wartime aircraft (many of which fly throughout the show) vehicles, and weapons.

The mechanical ice cream scoop was invented in Reading by William Clewell in 1878. The 5th Ave Bar and York Peppermint Patty were invented in Reading.[15]

Sister city[edit]

The City of Reading and Reutlingen, Germany are sister cities which participate in student exchanges. Students from Reading High School can apply to become a part of the exchange and travel to Reutlingen for 2 weeks (Mid October to Early September) and in return host their German exchange student in the spring. Kutztown University also has a program with Reutlingen.

Reading is twinned with:

  • Baden-Württemberg Reutlingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, since 1998

Attractions[edit]

Reading's Pagoda seen from Skyline Drive.

In 1908, a Japanese-style pagoda was built on Mount Penn, where it overlooks the city and is visible from almost everywhere in town. Locally, it is called the "Pagoda". It is currently the home of a café and a gift shop. It remains a popular tourist attraction.

Another fixture in Reading's skyline is the William Penn Memorial Fire Tower, one mile from the Pagoda on Skyline Drive. Built in 1939 for fire department and forestry observation, the tower is 120 feet tall, and rises 950 feet above the intersection of fifth and Penn Streets. From the top of the tower is a 60-mile panoramic view.

The Reading Glove and Mitten Manufacturing Company founded in 1899, just outside Reading city limits, in West Reading and Wyomissing boroughs changed its name to Vanity Fair in 1911 and is now the major clothing manufacturer VF Corp. In the early 1970s, the original factories were developed to create the VF Outlet Village, the first outlet mall in the United States.

In media[edit]

The book and movie Rabbit, Run and the other three novels of the Rabbit series by John Updike were set in fictionalized versions of Reading and nearby Shillington, called Brewer and Olinger respectively. Updike was born in Reading and lived in nearby Shillington until he was thirteen. He also makes reference to the Brewer suburb of Mount Judge, equivalent to Mount Penn east of Reading.

Filmmakers Gary Adelstein, Costa Mantis, and Jerry Orr created Reading 1974: Portrait of a City; relying heavily on montage, the film is a cultural time capsule.

The play Sweat by Lynn Nottage is set in Reading.[36][37]

Notable people[edit]

David McMurtrie Gregg (1922) by Augustus Lukeman.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://baseballtown.org/
  2. ^ Kline, Dave. "Mountain Folklore: Berks Country Fest is all about music, culture, food". Reading Eagle. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  3. ^ http://www.readingpa.gov/sites/default/files/council/ordinance/master/Introduction.pdf
  4. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 4, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014. [permanent dead link]
  6. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "PHMC Historical Markers Search" (Searchable database). Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Reading (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". census.gov. Retrieved October 17, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Census Shows Reading, Berks growth spurt". Retrieved March 13, 2011. 
  11. ^ Tavernise, Sabrina (September 26, 2011). "Reading, Pa., Knew It Was Poor. Now It Knows Just How Poor.". The New York Times. 
  12. ^ "Reading (PA) Bronze-level | International Mountain Bicycling Association". www.imba.com. Retrieved 2016-10-14. 
  13. ^ "Reading 120 | September 10, 2016". www.reading120.com. Retrieved 2016-10-14. 
  14. ^ News, 69 (2017-04-06). "$20 million indoor cycling track to be built in Reading". WFMZ. Retrieved 2017-04-06. 
  15. ^ a b "content.aspGreater Reading's destination hub : Greater Reading Convention and Visitors Bureau". Readingberkspa.com. Retrieved May 7, 2013. 
  16. ^ Washington, D.C. became the national capital in 1800.
  17. ^ Zinn, Howard. A People's History of the United States 1492–present (New York: HarperPerennial, 1995), p. 243.
  18. ^ Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877–1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.158.
  19. ^ "City Crime Rankings by Population Group". morganquitno.com. 
  20. ^ Interview with Barbara Corcoran on NBC's Today show. Online. December 2007. Retrieved September 27, 2009.
  21. ^ "Climate Statistics for Reading, Pennsylvania". Retrieved March 10, 2012. 
  22. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  23. ^ a b "The Beleaguered Middle Class". The New York Times. June 13, 2012.
  24. ^ "Major Employers". Greater Reading Economic Partnership. 
  25. ^ "New Director Will Lead Reading's Jump Start Incubator". bctv.org - Local news about Berks County and Reading, Pa. Retrieved 2016-10-14. 
  26. ^ r6extension.com
  27. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved August 28, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 11, 2014. [permanent dead link]
  29. ^ "Reading (city) Quick Facts from the US Census Bureau". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 27, 2015. 
  30. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  31. ^ "Berks County, Reading unemployment rates rise in May – bctv.org – Local news about Berks County and Reading, Pa.: Special Reports". bctv.org. June 29, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2013. 
  32. ^ "PAGE NOT AVAILABLE". readingpafire.com. 
  33. ^ "ReadingPaFire.com - News". readingpafire.com. 
  34. ^ http://www.pahillclimb.org/Courses/Reading.htm
  35. ^ "Keith Haring's pop art celebrated in today's Google Doodle". National Post. May 4, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2012. 
  36. ^ Charles Isherwood (August 16, 2015). "Review: Lynn Nottage's 'Sweat' Examines Lives Unraveling by Industry's Demise". New York Times. Retrieved February 2, 2016. 
  37. ^ Sadie Dingfelder (January 21, 2016). "'Sweat' by Lynn Nottage gives voice to the 'new poor'". Washington Post. Retrieved February 2, 2016. 
  38. ^ a b c Reichler, Joseph L., ed. (1979) [1969]. The Baseball Encyclopedia (4th ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8. 
  39. ^ Snyder, Laurie. Lieutenant Colonel George Warren ("G.W.") Alexander, in 47th Pennsylvania Volunteers: One Civil War Regiment's Story, retrieved online May 14, 2017.
  40. ^ "BARRASSO, John A., (1952– )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  41. ^ Mr. Stephen D. Mull Nominated as New United States Ambassador to Lithuania: Biography
  42. ^ "David Robidoux". APM Music. Retrieved January 18, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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