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Realm of New Zealand
Realm of New Zealand
Published: 2015/11/01
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Separate entry for Australians, New Zealanders, Canadians and citizens of other Realms at Heathrow
Separate entry for Australians, New Zealanders, Canadians and citizens of other Realms at Heathrow
Published: 2012/07/27
Channel: aussiecrowntv
Top 10 Largest Cities or Towns of New Zealand
Top 10 Largest Cities or Towns of New Zealand
Published: 2015/01/18
Channel: WorlTop10
7 Wonders of New Zealand - Must Visit Places
7 Wonders of New Zealand - Must Visit Places
Published: 2016/06/01
Channel: Home@Planet Earth
New Zealand
New Zealand
Published: 2010/03/15
Channel: THEWORLDOFTRAVEL
Восхитительная Новая Зеландия в 4К // Delightful New Zealand in 4K
Восхитительная Новая Зеландия в 4К // Delightful New Zealand in 4K
Published: 2017/05/11
Channel: Relax video TV
New Zealand Meaning
New Zealand Meaning
Published: 2015/04/12
Channel: SDictionary
Pacific Realm Islands want say in Constitution review
Pacific Realm Islands want say in Constitution review
Published: 2013/06/27
Channel: Tagata Pasifika
Governor-General Swearing-In Ceremony
Governor-General Swearing-In Ceremony
Published: 2011/09/01
Channel: NZNats
Around the world : New Zealand
Around the world : New Zealand
Published: 2012/10/12
Channel: Nabil Mis Narrif
A Glimpse of New Zealand
A Glimpse of New Zealand
Published: 2009/08/16
Channel: ThisSuitsMe
This is  New Zealand
This is New Zealand
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: Travel and tourism
Earthship in New Zealand
Earthship in New Zealand
Published: 2014/06/23
Channel: No journey's .end
Wonderful Chill Out Music - New Zealand HD
Wonderful Chill Out Music - New Zealand HD
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: Mihail Zaviryuha
♫♫♫ Beautiful Places of This Planet in Ultra HD ♥ New Zealand ♥ Nature ♥ Relax Music
♫♫♫ Beautiful Places of This Planet in Ultra HD ♥ New Zealand ♥ Nature ♥ Relax Music
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: 4K Ultra HD Video
Maisey Rika - Tangaroa Whakamautai
Maisey Rika - Tangaroa Whakamautai
Published: 2012/09/10
Channel: Maisey Rika
Dominion of New Zealand
Dominion of New Zealand
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: WikiWikiup
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Presentation of Credentials - Government House Wellington
Published: 2016/12/04
Channel: Embassy of the Federative Republic of Brazil
Top 10 Largest Cities or Towns of New Zealand
Top 10 Largest Cities or Towns of New Zealand
Published: 2014/11/03
Channel: Kaushik Biswas
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Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: WikiWikiup
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39 Facts about New Zealand
Published: 2017/05/07
Channel: 1 Mega Videos Channel
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Paihia, New Zealand 🌴
Published: 2016/07/05
Channel: Travel-Nomad
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Difference Between Australia and New Zealand
Published: 2016/02/20
Channel: Terry
Dinosaurs of New Zealand - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Dinosaurs of New Zealand - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Published: 2015/09/11
Channel: Wiz Science™
How To Pronounce New Zealand - Pronunciation Academy
How To Pronounce New Zealand - Pronunciation Academy
Published: 2015/03/26
Channel: Pronunciation Academy
Realm of the Little Duck
Realm of the Little Duck
Published: 2016/12/27
Channel: willclarkphotos
New Zealand (aotearora) - "The maori Way"
New Zealand (aotearora) - "The maori Way"
Published: 2015/03/25
Channel: Henry Masaniai
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Outline of New Zealand
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: WikiWikiup
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THE QUEEN Has No Authority? WRONG ANSWER Part-2 The Queen's Speech at U.N. July 6, 2010
Published: 2010/07/07
Channel: Jeff The Watchman
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Summer in New Zealand
Published: 2016/05/08
Channel: Dota2 Video
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New Zealand Travel
Published: 2015/11/18
Channel: felx reenda
Welcome to New Zealand.
Welcome to New Zealand.
Published: 2016/12/03
Channel: Dream Master
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FRIDAY - Watchitnz - New Flag for New Zealand?
Published: 2010/02/20
Channel: 6awsomepeople
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Published: 2010/02/14
Channel: matheona
Realm of the Titans - Kings of Atlantis (Ep. 12)
Realm of the Titans - Kings of Atlantis (Ep. 12)
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: TheAtlanticCraft | Minecraft
Brendan Confaloniere Review  - See New Zealand Travel Series
Brendan Confaloniere Review - See New Zealand Travel Series
Published: 2015/10/10
Channel: Brendan Confaloniere
2015 Keynote Gyles Bendall, Public Realm Programme Leader, Auckland Council
2015 Keynote Gyles Bendall, Public Realm Programme Leader, Auckland Council
Published: 2016/01/18
Channel: Australian Walking and Cycling Conference
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Elvis Show Realm Tavern June 2016
Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: Tony Carter
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Published: 2008/03/06
Channel: kumara.kid
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Published: 2011/03/09
Channel: Pushka Gib'en
Monarchy in the Cook Islands
Monarchy in the Cook Islands
Published: 2016/08/10
Channel: WikiWikiup
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Sojourner - Heritage of the Natural Realm
Published: 2015/05/27
Channel: Lightfox177
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How to Register - Realm
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: Grace UMC Olathe
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What is COMMONWEALTH REALM? What does COMMONWEALTH REALM mean? COMMONWEALTH REALM meaning
Published: 2017/02/16
Channel: The Audiopedia
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Rise Again Music Video! (Kings of Atlantis)
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: TheAtlanticCraft | Minecraft
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Basic Tenets of Islam What is Islam? Who are Muslims? 8/9
Published: 2010/04/27
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10 Largest Creatures Found On Shore
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: TheRichest
Warriors Realm WRFC GLADSTONE - MANAWAROA VS BAREMAN 2012
Warriors Realm WRFC GLADSTONE - MANAWAROA VS BAREMAN 2012
Published: 2012/10/13
Channel: pukeitup
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Speechless - The Polar Realm (film trailer)
Published: 2015/03/25
Channel: Richard Sidey
Wellington Earthquake Caught on Live Album Recording - Realm of Jazz, Wellington Jazz Club
Wellington Earthquake Caught on Live Album Recording - Realm of Jazz, Wellington Jazz Club
Published: 2013/07/22
Channel: Greg Crayford
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Coat of arms of New Zealand.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
New Zealand
Constitution

The Realm of New Zealand is the entire area (or realm) in which the Queen of New Zealand is head of state. New Zealand is a sovereign state. It has one Antarctic territorial claim, the Ross Dependency; one dependent territory, Tokelau; and two associated states, the Cook Islands and Niue.[1]

The Governor-General of New Zealand represents the Queen throughout the Realm of New Zealand, though the Cook Islands have an additional Queen's Representative.

Overview[edit]

The King/Queen of New Zealand, represented by the Governor-General of New Zealand, is head of state throughout the Realm of New Zealand. The exact scope of the realm is defined by the 1983 Letters Patent constituting the office of Governor-General.[2] It constitutes one of 16 realms within the Commonwealth.

The Cook Islands and Niue became New Zealand's first Pacific colonies in 1901 and then protectorates. From 1965 the Cooks were self-governing; so was Niue from 1974. Tokelau came under New Zealand control in 1925 and remains a non-self-governing territory.[3]

The Ross Dependency comprises that sector of the Antarctic continent between 160° east and 150 west longitude, together with the islands lying between those degrees of longitude and south of latitude 60.[4] The British (Imperial) government took possession of this territory in 1923 and entrusted it to the administration of New Zealand. Neither Russia nor the United States recognises this claim, and the matter is left unresolved (along with all other Antarctic claims) by the Antarctic Treaty, which serves to mostly smooth over these differences. It is largely uninhabited, apart from scientific bases.

New Zealand citizenship law treats all parts of the realm equally, so most people born in New Zealand, the Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau and the Ross Dependency before 2006 are New Zealand citizens. Further conditions apply for those born from 2006 onwards.[5]

Map of the Realm of New Zealand
Area Representative of the Queen Head of the government Legislature Capital Population Land area
km2 sq mi
 New Zealand Governor-General Prime Minister New Zealand Parliament (House of Representatives)[Note 1] Wellington 4,242,048 268,680 103,740
 Cook Islands Queen's Representative Prime Minister Parliament of the Cook Islands Avarua 21,388 236 91
 Niue Representative of the Queen[Note 2] Premier Niue Legislative Assembly Alofi 1,145 260 100
 Tokelau Administrator Ulu-o-Tokelau General Fono Fakaofo 1,405 10 4
 Ross Dependency Governor[Note 2] Chief Executive None[Note 3] None Scott Base: 10–80
McMurdo Station: 200–1000 (seasonally)
450,000 170,000
  1. ^ The current New Zealand Parliament is unicameral with its sole chamber House of Representatives.
  2. ^ a b The Governor General of New Zealand is also the Representative of the Queen of Niue and the Governor of the Ross Dependency, but they are separate posts.
  3. ^ Legislation for the Ross Dependency is enacted by the New Zealand Parliament (House of Representatives) although actually, its powers are limited due to the Antarctic Treaty System.

Governor-General[edit]

A governor-general represents the head of state (Elizabeth II, in her capacity as Queen of New Zealand) in the area of the realm. Essentially, Governors-General take on all the dignities and reserve powers of the head of state. From 31 August 2011 until 31 August 2016 the Governor-General was Rt Hon Sir Jerry Mateparae. Dame Patsy Reddy was appointed to assume the position on 14 September 2016.[6][7]

Sovereignty within the Realm[edit]

The Realm of New Zealand is not a federation or a unitary sovereign state; it is a collection of states and territories united under a monarch.

Cook Islands and Niue[edit]

Both the Cook Islands and Niue are self-governing states in free association with New Zealand. The details of their free association arrangement are contained in several documents, such as their respective constitutions, the 1983 Exchange of Letters between the governments of New Zealand and the Cook Islands, and the 2001 Joint Centenary Declaration. As such, the New Zealand Parliament is not empowered to unilaterally pass legislation in respect of these states. In foreign affairs and defence issues New Zealand acts on behalf of these countries, but only with their advice and consent.

As the Governor-General is resident in New Zealand, the Cook Islands Constitution provides for the distinct position of Queen's Representative. This individual is not subordinate to the Governor-General and acts as the local representative of the Queen in right of New Zealand. Since 2013, Tom Marsters is the Queen's Representative to the Cook Islands. (Marsters was preceded by Sir Frederick Tutu Goodwin.) This arrangement effectively allows for the de facto independent actions of internal and most external areas of governance.

According to Niue's Constitution of 1974, the Governor-General of New Zealand acts as the Queen's representative.

In the Cook Islands and Niue the New Zealand High Commissioner is the diplomatic representative from New Zealand. John Carter (since 2011) is the New Zealand High Commissioner to the Cook Islands. Mark Blumsky was the New Zealand High Commissioner to Niue from 2010 until he was replaced by Ross Ardern in early 2014.

Despite their close relationship to New Zealand, both the Cook Islands and Niue maintain some diplomatic relations in their own name. Both countries maintain High Commissions in New Zealand and have New Zealand High Commissioners resident in their capitals. In Commonwealth practice, High Commissioners represent their governments, not the Head of State.

New Zealand[edit]

New Zealand proper consists of the following island groups:

Tokelau[edit]

Tokelau has a lesser degree of self-government than the Cook Islands and Niue, and had been moving toward free association status. New Zealand's representative in Tokelau is the Administrator of Tokelau and has the power to overturn rules passed by the Parliament of Tokelau. In referenda conducted in 2006 and 2007 by New Zealand at the United Nations' request, the people of Tokelau failed to reach the two-thirds majority necessary to attain a system of governance with equal powers to that of Niue and the Cook Islands.[9]

Future of the Realm[edit]

Within New Zealand there exists some support[10][11] for a New Zealand republic. Should New Zealand become a republic it will retain the Ross Dependency and Tokelau as dependent territories and the Realm of New Zealand would continue to exist without New Zealand, the Ross Dependency and Tokelau.[12] This would not be a legal hurdle to a New Zealand republic as such, and both the Cook Islands and Niue would retain their status as associated states with New Zealand, as New Zealand shares its Head of State with the Cook Islands and Niue. However, a New Zealand republic would present the issue of independence to the Cook Islands and Niue. Thus, a number of options for the future of the Realm of New Zealand exist should New Zealand become a republic:

  • A New Zealand republic with the Cook Islands and Niue remaining in free association with New Zealand, but retaining the Queen as their head of state;
  • A New Zealand republic with the Cook Islands and Niue having a new republican head of state as their head of state and becoming independent states;
  • A New Zealand republic with the Cook Islands and Niue having their own heads of state, but retaining their status of free association with New Zealand.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ New Zealand's Constitution, New Zealand government, retrieved 20 November 2009
  2. ^ Letters Patent Constituting the Office of Governor-General of New Zealand (SR 1983/225), New Zealand Parliamentary Counsel Office, retrieved 20 November 2009
  3. ^ Taonga, New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage Te Manatu. "Pacific Islands and New Zealand – Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand". The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 22 November 2016. 
  4. ^ Hare, McLintock, Alexander; Wellington., Ralph Hudson Wheeler, M.A., Senior Lecturer in Geography, Victoria University of; Taonga, New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage Te Manatu (1966). "The Ross Dependency". Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 22 November 2016. 
  5. ^ "Check if you’re a New Zealand citizen". New Zealand Department of Internal Affairs. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "Reddy for a new Governor General appointment process? | Radio New Zealand News". Radionz.co.nz. Retrieved 2017-01-02. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ "Tokelau decolonisation high on agenda". The New Zealand Herald. NZPA. 17 May 2008. Retrieved 23 November 2011. 
  10. ^ A July 2005 poll published in The Press showed 27% support for the question "Do you support New Zealand becoming a republic?", and 67% opposition.
  11. ^ A poll by The Sunday Star-Times, published on 20 January 2006, stated there was 47% support for a New Zealand republic, and 47% support for the monarchy.
  12. ^ a b Townend, Andrew (2003). "The Strange Death of the Realm of New Zealand: The Implications of a New Zealand Republic for the Cook Islands and Niue". Victoria University of Wellington Law Review. Retrieved 25 July 2010. 

External links[edit]

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