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Fish Facts with Quality Marine, Episode 1 - Reef Safe Triggerfish
Fish Facts with Quality Marine, Episode 1 - Reef Safe Triggerfish
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: Marine Depot Aquarium Supplies
When Humuhumunukunukuapua
When Humuhumunukunukuapua'a Attack: Don't Annoy the Hawaiian Reef Triggerfish!
Published: 2013/06/28
Channel: govisithawaii
Are Triggerfish reef safe?
Are Triggerfish reef safe?
Published: 2012/01/15
Channel: humahumahumaFISH
Reef triggerfish (humuhumunukunukuapua
Reef triggerfish (humuhumunukunukuapua'a) charging!
Published: 2012/06/18
Channel: heheman3000
Fishing for Triggerfish In Kauai (Humuhumunukunukuapua
Fishing for Triggerfish In Kauai (Humuhumunukunukuapua'a)
Published: 2016/08/04
Channel: JP Fishing
Filefish & Triggerfishes - Reef Life of the Andaman - Part 12
Filefish & Triggerfishes - Reef Life of the Andaman - Part 12
Published: 2012/07/10
Channel: Bubble Vision
49  The Humuhumunukunukuapua
49 The Humuhumunukunukuapua'a
Published: 2015/07/02
Channel: Abd Shas
Reef triggerfish
Reef triggerfish
Published: 2016/01/13
Channel: Audiopedia
Reef Trigger fish protects his reef in Kihei, Maui
Reef Trigger fish protects his reef in Kihei, Maui
Published: 2016/05/22
Channel: Maureen Horner
All about Triggerfish
All about Triggerfish
Published: 2014/12/28
Channel: Majestic AquariumsTV
6
6' shallow reef update - new blue jaw trigger fish and stand sides
Published: 2016/04/20
Channel: ReefDudes
Niger Triggerfish
Niger Triggerfish
Published: 2015/12/08
Channel: AmongTheReef.com
My Picasso Trigger Fish
My Picasso Trigger Fish
Published: 2013/01/21
Channel: Edwin Jackson
mini reef tank with large clown trigger fish, Nikon D90 movie video 2
mini reef tank with large clown trigger fish, Nikon D90 movie video 2
Published: 2008/11/30
Channel: musicsogo
Multi-Species Reef Fishing in Destin Florida
Multi-Species Reef Fishing in Destin Florida
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: BlacktipH
Bitten by Triggerfish.mpg
Bitten by Triggerfish.mpg
Published: 2010/03/23
Channel: grahamevans57
Reef Triggerfish
Reef Triggerfish
Published: 2011/04/16
Channel: Grant Armstrong
Fishing for Triggerfish and Parrotfish using Squid (Fort Lauderdale, FL)
Fishing for Triggerfish and Parrotfish using Squid (Fort Lauderdale, FL)
Published: 2016/01/26
Channel: Extreme Philly Fishing
Picasso Triggerfish (humu humu)
Picasso Triggerfish (humu humu)
Published: 2011/01/30
Channel: lau Dave
Niger Trigger Fish - Medium
Niger Trigger Fish - Medium
Published: 2011/11/07
Channel: Joe Rodeo
Cute little trigger fish tank
Cute little trigger fish tank
Published: 2013/10/01
Channel: Majestic AquariumsTV
Reef Triggerfish - 3:10 - Nature Meets Paper
Reef Triggerfish - 3:10 - Nature Meets Paper
Published: 2017/12/09
Channel: Brandon Ringstad
Reef Triggerfish HI state fish   Convict School
Reef Triggerfish HI state fish Convict School
Published: 2016/05/10
Channel: James Forstall
State Fish of Hawaii: Humuhumunukunukuāpuaʻa or Reef Triggerfish 夏威夷的州鱼
State Fish of Hawaii: Humuhumunukunukuāpuaʻa or Reef Triggerfish 夏威夷的州鱼
Published: 2012/10/18
Channel: interestingsite101
jewel vision 450 marine reef tank. picasso trigger fish regal tang copper band Feb 2016
jewel vision 450 marine reef tank. picasso trigger fish regal tang copper band Feb 2016
Published: 2016/02/12
Channel: Andy Gwynne
Reef Fish 1 / Sargassum TriggerFish
Reef Fish 1 / Sargassum TriggerFish
Published: 2009/07/29
Channel: Rodsfam
Triggerfish and reef shark spotting on Fiji
Triggerfish and reef shark spotting on Fiji's Coral Coast
Published: 2014/01/02
Channel: Steve Pogonowski
Reef triggerfish Meaning
Reef triggerfish Meaning
Published: 2015/04/29
Channel: ADictionary
MB 47 Triggerfish 1 Reef 15 May 2013
MB 47 Triggerfish 1 Reef 15 May 2013
Published: 2013/06/07
Channel: MBARA Florida
Kuderah Tilla Titan and Reef Triggerfish
Kuderah Tilla Titan and Reef Triggerfish
Published: 2016/10/27
Channel: mah yikyuin
Blue trigger fish schooling on a reef at Daymaniyat Islands, Oman
Blue trigger fish schooling on a reef at Daymaniyat Islands, Oman
Published: 2013/09/16
Channel: Vance Stevens
Triggerfish fight @ Panorama Reef | Panorama Riff @ Safaga / Hurghada
Triggerfish fight @ Panorama Reef | Panorama Riff @ Safaga / Hurghada
Published: 2016/08/21
Channel: Berlin Diver
reef triggerfish
reef triggerfish
Published: 2011/10/23
Channel: beachlover4123
Reef TriggerFish & Achilles Tang Fish - Beach 69 Snorkeling - Big Island, Hawaii
Reef TriggerFish & Achilles Tang Fish - Beach 69 Snorkeling - Big Island, Hawaii
Published: 2014/11/16
Channel: Paul79UF
My marine reef tank update 2013.   Trigger fish reef safe new corals re scaped
My marine reef tank update 2013. Trigger fish reef safe new corals re scaped
Published: 2013/10/16
Channel: Mark's reef
Exmouth Reef Triggerfish protects it
Exmouth Reef Triggerfish protects it's territory
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: MrCaxica
Red Firefish Reef Triggerfish.wmv
Red Firefish Reef Triggerfish.wmv
Published: 2010/05/03
Channel: HEMINGWAY1100
Reef Triggerfish at Hanauma Bay, Oahu, Hawaii - Snorkeling
Reef Triggerfish at Hanauma Bay, Oahu, Hawaii - Snorkeling
Published: 2014/03/17
Channel: Jirka Benes
Drawing a humuhumunukunukuapua also known as Reef triggerfish(time lapse)
Drawing a humuhumunukunukuapua also known as Reef triggerfish(time lapse)
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: Art Tutorials
What does reef triggerfish mean?
What does reef triggerfish mean?
Published: 2015/07/04
Channel: What Does That Mean?
Reef Triggerfish Protects Territory
Reef Triggerfish Protects Territory
Published: 2009/11/26
Channel: JournOwl
black triggerfish mob
black triggerfish mob
Published: 2015/09/14
Channel: Steven Bedard
A Triggerfish being cleaned on Yolanda Reef - Ras Mohammad, Egypt - June 2017
A Triggerfish being cleaned on Yolanda Reef - Ras Mohammad, Egypt - June 2017
Published: 2017/07/09
Channel: Lisa Zevi
Rhinecanthus rectangulus Reef Triggerfish Mauritius 2010.wmv
Rhinecanthus rectangulus Reef Triggerfish Mauritius 2010.wmv
Published: 2010/04/30
Channel: HEMINGWAY1100
Black Triggerfish on the reef today
Black Triggerfish on the reef today
Published: 2015/06/07
Channel: amandaabell
Bursa Triggerfish Cruising Around the Reef
Bursa Triggerfish Cruising Around the Reef
Published: 2010/06/04
Channel: Animal-World
Midnight Triggerfish   Overheat Reef, Roatan
Midnight Triggerfish Overheat Reef, Roatan
Published: 2015/10/05
Channel: Gary Jordan
The World
The World's Smallest Reef Triggerfish, Makena, 8/10/17
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: Richard Anderson
Trigger Fish Attacking Snorkeler Protecting It
Trigger Fish Attacking Snorkeler Protecting It's Territory
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: astromicwm
Triggerfish on Horseshoe reef November 1, 2017
Triggerfish on Horseshoe reef November 1, 2017
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: Bruce and Tammy Swart
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Reef triggerfish
Rhinecanthus rectangulus SI.jpg
Rhinecanthus rectangulus X-ray.jpg
Rhinecanthus rectangulus, conventional and X-ray images
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Tetraodontiformes
Family: Balistidae
Genus: Rhinecanthus
Species: R. rectangulus
Binomial name
Rhinecanthus rectangulus
(Bloch & J. G. Schneider, 1801)

The reef, rectangular, or wedge-tail triggerfish, also known by its Hawaiian name humuhumunukunukuāpuaʻa (pronounced [ˈhumuˈhumuˈnukuˈnukuˈwaːpuˈwɐʔə] and meaning "triggerfish with a snout like a pig"[1]), also spelled humuhumunukunukuapua'a or just humuhumu for short, is one of several species of triggerfish. Classified as Rhinecanthus rectangulus, it is found at reefs in the Indo-Pacific[2] and is the state fish of Hawaii.

The name Humuhumunukunukuāpuaʻa serves for both singular and plural descriptions.

Description[edit]

The triggerfish's teeth and top lip are blue and the teeth are set close together inside its relatively chubby mouth.

The fish has a small second spine, which it can use to lock its main spine into an upright position. Locking its spine while sheltering inside a small crevice makes it difficult for a predator to pull the fish out. When fleeing from predators, the triggerfish will sometimes make grunting noises, possibly a call to warn other nearby triggerfish of danger.[3]

The triggerfish can blow jets of water from its mouth, which help the fish find benthic invertebrates that may be buried under the substrate. Triggerfish can often be seen spitting sand from their mouths in order to sift through the material in search of edible detritus or organisms.

Reef triggers are fairly aggressive and will generally not tolerate conspecific individuals in their general vicinity; thus the fish is often found solitary. This is particularly true in captivity. Triggers have the ability to rapidly alter their coloration. They can fade into a relatively drab appearance when sleeping or demonstrating submission, while their coloration is often the most vivid when the fish are healthy and unthreatened by their surroundings. They have also been known to bite and attack swimmers in their area, sometimes leaving marks often on the ankle area.

Hawaii state fish[edit]

The reef triggerfish was originally designated the official fish of Hawaii in 1985,[4] but due to an expiration of a Hawaiian state law after five years, it ceased to be the state fish in 1990.[5] On April 17, 2006, bill HB1982 was presented to the Governor of Hawaiʻi, which permanently reinstated the reef triggerfish (humuhumunukunukuapuaʻa) as the state fish of Hawaiʻi.[6] The bill passed into law on May 2, 2006, and was effective upon its approval.[7][8]

Decades prior to official recognition, humuhumunukunukuāpuaʻa were considered a symbol of Hawai'i. The song My Little Grass Shack in Kealakekua, Hawaii includes the line " . . .where the humuhumunukunukuāpuaʻa go swimming by . . ."

References[edit]

  1. ^ humuhumunukunukuapua'a. The Free Dictionary. Retrieved on 2015-05-18.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2005). "Rhinecanthus rectangulus" in FishBase. December 2005 version.
  3. ^ April True or Fool Quiz. Maui Ocean Center (2015-03-31). Retrieved on 2015-05-18.
  4. ^ Hawaiian Bill 1982 Retrieved 2011-05-17
  5. ^ "Lawmaker seeks official status for humuhumunukunukuapuaa". USA Today. January 1, 2006. Retrieved May 22, 2010. 
  6. ^ HB1982 Measure History. Capitol.hawaii.gov. Retrieved on 2015-05-18.
  7. ^ House Bill. Capitol.hawaii.gov. Retrieved on 2015-05-18.
  8. ^ Hawaii may honor long-named fish - Weird news. MSNBC (2006-04-18). Retrieved on 2015-05-18.

Further reading[edit]

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