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African American History Is AMERICAN History - Episode #24 "The George Washington Lee Story"
African American History Is AMERICAN History - Episode #24 "The George Washington Lee Story"
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: AAHIAH Classroom Video Series
Medgar Evers 1925-1963 by Yu Lu
Medgar Evers 1925-1963 by Yu Lu
Published: 2017/02/04
Channel: Lu Yu
rcnl
rcnl
Published: 2007/11/19
Channel: Gonzalo Gil Escudero
RCNL
RCNL
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: Joel Leon
FRIENDLY VOICES_RCNL
FRIENDLY VOICES_RCNL
Published: 2011/10/25
Channel: marysaputo
National Council of Negro Women
National Council of Negro Women
Published: 2013/05/19
Channel: Zandseam
Roy Wilkins: The Right to Dignity
Roy Wilkins: The Right to Dignity
Published: 2016/07/18
Channel: Public Access America Podcast
NCNW Rocky Mountain Regional Symposium Quick Video Review 2015
NCNW Rocky Mountain Regional Symposium Quick Video Review 2015
Published: 2015/05/23
Channel: Denver Section - NCNW, Inc.
"Did The Civil Rights Generation Fail Us???" #ThaArtivistThinks #ThoughtProvocateur
"Did The Civil Rights Generation Fail Us???" #ThaArtivistThinks #ThoughtProvocateur
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: WeAllBeTV
American Racial Tolerance in WWII, 1940
American Racial Tolerance in WWII, 1940's - Film 16741
Published: 2015/01/23
Channel: HuntleyFilmArchives
The Blood of Emmett Till
The Blood of Emmett Till
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: US National Archives
Kwame Nkrumah
Kwame Nkrumah
Published: 2014/10/03
Channel: Audiopedia
Barrack Obama Ignores Corruption in Georgia
Barrack Obama Ignores Corruption in Georgia
Published: 2015/09/22
Channel: trutodis
Diversity of Experience: The Path to Becoming Chief
Diversity of Experience: The Path to Becoming Chief
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: United States Courts
Colorado Experience: KKK
Colorado Experience: KKK
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: Rocky Mountain PBS
Black History Panel at Hall Provides Unique Platform for Powerful Insights about College Football
Black History Panel at Hall Provides Unique Platform for Powerful Insights about College Football
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: NFFOnDemand
Connections: The Characters and Context that Create Great Leaders
Connections: The Characters and Context that Create Great Leaders
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: Georgia Tech CEEatGT
Ruckus - February 16, 2017
Ruckus - February 16, 2017
Published: 2017/02/17
Channel: KCPT
A Conversation with Andrew Young
A Conversation with Andrew Young
Published: 2011/05/17
Channel: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
NCNW
NCNW
Published: 2014/11/15
Channel: Alicia Middleton
ch 15) Self Help In Hard Times
ch 15) Self Help In Hard Times
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: andi burridge
03/27/2017 Mayor
03/27/2017 Mayor's Public Investment Plan Presentation #1
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: MetroNashville
Alpha Phi Alpha
Alpha Phi Alpha
Published: 2015/10/15
Channel: Audiopedia
ch 13) The Socialist Challenge
ch 13) The Socialist Challenge
Published: 2016/11/08
Channel: andi burridge
History of the Dominican Republic
History of the Dominican Republic
Published: 2015/12/19
Channel: Audiopedia
Palestine-Israel in the Trump Era
Palestine-Israel in the Trump Era
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs
Diversity and Social Justice Lectures: Samuel Moyn, "Is Black Lives Matter a Human Rights Movement?"
Diversity and Social Justice Lectures: Samuel Moyn, "Is Black Lives Matter a Human Rights Movement?"
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: HarvardLawSchool
The History of The Federal Reserve - Century of Enslavement
The History of The Federal Reserve - Century of Enslavement
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: Conspiracy
Vernon Jordan, Living Self-Portrait
Vernon Jordan, Living Self-Portrait
Published: 2012/05/07
Channel: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
TEDxTripoli 2012 - Hannah Song - Changes in North Korea
TEDxTripoli 2012 - Hannah Song - Changes in North Korea
Published: 2012/02/27
Channel: TEDx Talks
Slavery and Global Public History Conference: Facing or Deflecting the Past in Exhibitions
Slavery and Global Public History Conference: Facing or Deflecting the Past in Exhibitions
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: Brown University
Freedman
Freedman's Bank 150th Anniversary Celebration
Published: 2015/03/04
Channel: US National Archives
Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers online
Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers online
Published: 2013/11/20
Channel: NEHgov
Arts Matter Advocacy Day 2017—MASSCreative—ArtsEmerson
Arts Matter Advocacy Day 2017—MASSCreative—ArtsEmerson's Paramount Theatre—March 28
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: HowlRound
Web Talk # 22 | No Jim Crow Church: Origins of South Carolina
Web Talk # 22 | No Jim Crow Church: Origins of South Carolina's Baha'i Community | Louis Venters
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: Wilmette Institute
NCNW 2011 Best Dressed Fashion Show Part 2
NCNW 2011 Best Dressed Fashion Show Part 2
Published: 2011/02/14
Channel: Leroy Morgan
Guardiana de los ríos
Guardiana de los ríos
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: Audiovisuales | Radio Progreso, ERIC-sj
Gustavo Bueno. La vuelta a la caverna - Documental COMPLETO  (Eng. Subs)
Gustavo Bueno. La vuelta a la caverna - Documental COMPLETO (Eng. Subs)
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: Gustavo Bueno. La vuelta a la caverna
MIRADES A LA MOBILITAT SOSTENIBLE. COPENHAGEN
MIRADES A LA MOBILITAT SOSTENIBLE. COPENHAGEN
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: Barcelona Ajuntament
Black in Design Day 2 Part 2
Black in Design Day 2 Part 2
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: Harvard GSD
Met Man En Macht - Aflevering 8
Met Man En Macht - Aflevering 8
Published: 2015/01/09
Channel: Met man en macht
Champions of Change: Tech Inclusion
Champions of Change: Tech Inclusion
Published: 2013/08/01
Channel: The Obama White House
A White Supremacist Fantasy: The Anatomy Of The Nigg*r! - The LanceScurv Show
A White Supremacist Fantasy: The Anatomy Of The Nigg*r! - The LanceScurv Show
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: LanceScurv
March 14: Four Women leading area community groups
March 14: Four Women leading area community groups
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Tuesday Morning Breakfast Forum Charlotte
Kwame Dixon – Afro-Politics and Civil Society in Salvador da Bahia, Brazil
Kwame Dixon – Afro-Politics and Civil Society in Salvador da Bahia, Brazil
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs
Hampton City Schools - 2017 Academic Excellence Banquet - May 31, 2017
Hampton City Schools - 2017 Academic Excellence Banquet - May 31, 2017
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: HamptonCitySchools
Durham City Council January 20, 2015
Durham City Council January 20, 2015
Published: 2015/01/21
Channel: CityofDurhamNC
Thursday, December 6, 2012 - Evening Edition
Thursday, December 6, 2012 - Evening Edition
Published: 2012/12/07
Channel: KPBS News
MLK Week 2017: Dr. Derrick Brooms
MLK Week 2017: Dr. Derrick Brooms
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: Highline College
Exodus to Kansas: The Exoduster Movement
Exodus to Kansas: The Exoduster Movement
Published: 2011/11/28
Channel: US National Archives
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Regional Council of Negro Leadership (RCNL) was a society in Mississippi founded by T. R. M. Howard in 1951 to promote a program of civil rights, self-help, and business ownership. It pledged "to guide our people in their civic responsibilities regarding education, registration and voting, law enforcement, tax paying, the preservation of property, the value of saving and in all things which will make us stable, qualified conscientious citizens." Instead of starting from the "grass roots," however, the strategy was to "reach the masses through their chosen leaders" by harnessing the talents of blacks with a proven record in business, the professions, education, and the church.

At first the RCNL did not directly challenge "separate but equal" (much like the initial stance of the Montgomery Improvement Association), but zeroed in on the need to guarantee the "equal." It often identified inadequate schools as the primary factor responsible for the Northern black exodus. Instead of demanding immediate integration, however, it called for equal school terms for both races. From the beginning, the RCNL also pledged an "all-out fight for unrestricted voting rights."

16 relatively autonomous committees, each headed by a respected leader in business, education, the church, or the professions, formed the backbone of the RCNL. The committees, in turn, reported to an executive board and board of directors headed by Howard. The RCNL’s constitution stipulated that each town or city with at least one thousand blacks in the Delta was entitled to representation. To build mass support for the work of these committees, the RCNL made sure to hold its business meetings in different locations each year.

The RCNL attracted many individuals of ability and prestige including Aaron Henry, a druggist and NAACP officer from Clarksdale, Mississippi; Amzie Moore, an NAACP activist and gas station owner from Cleveland, Mississippi; President Arenia Mallory of Saints Junior College in Lexington, Mississippi; and President J.H. White of Mississippi Vocational College, now (Mississippi Valley State University), in Itta Bena, Mississippi. For many, it was their first exposure to civil rights and a training ground. In contrast to later groups, such as the Montgomery Improvement Association, most RCNL leaders were businesspeople and professionals. Relatively few were from the clergy.

The RCNL's most famous member was Medgar Evers. Fresh from graduation at Alcorn State University in 1952, he had moved to Mound Bayou to sell insurance for Howard. Evers soon became the RCNL's program director and helped to organize a boycott of service stations that failed to provide restrooms for blacks. As part of this campaign, the RCNL distributed an estimated twenty thousand bumper stickers with the slogan "Don’t Buy Gas Where You Can’t Use the Rest Room." Beginning in 1953, it directly challenged "separate but equal" and demanded integration of schools.

The RCNL’s annual meetings in Mound Bayou between 1952 and 1955 attracted crowds of ten thousand or more. They featured speeches by Rep. William L. Dawson of Chicago, Rep. Charles Diggs of Michigan, Alderman Archibald J. Carey Jr. of Chicago, and NAACP attorney Thurgood Marshall. Each of these events, in the words of Myrlie Evers, later Myrlie Evers-Williams, the wife of Medgar, constituted "a huge all-day camp meeting: a combination of pep rally, old-time revival, and Sunday church picnic." The conferences also included panels and workshops on voting rights, business ownership, and other issues. Attendance was a life transforming experience for many younger and future civil black leaders such as Fannie Lou Hamer.

In 1955, RCNL officials, including Howard and Amzie Moore, played key roles in helping to find evidence in the Emmett Till murder case. During the trial, Mamie Till Bradley, who was Emmett's mother, key witnesses, such as Willie Reed, and black reporters stayed in Howard's home in Mound Bayou. Dr. Howard, referring to the murders of and Emmett Till and George W. Lee, and the attempted murder of Gus Courts, charged that the FBI "can’t seem to solve a crime where a Negro is involved." The statement angered FBI Director Herbert Hoover, who credited the FBI with the "virtual elimination of lynchings in the South," and with "breaking up the Ku Klux Klan in the Carolinas and Georgia."[1]

The RCNL went into decline after Howard left the state at the beginning of 1956. Nevertheless, it continued to attract many of the state's prominent civil rights leaders including Amzie Moore and Aaron Henry. The RCNL was still in existence in 1962 but was already being pushed into the shadows by groups such as the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO) and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).

Further reading[edit]

  • Beito, David and Linda (2009). Black Maverick: T.R.M. Howard's Fight for Civil Rights and Economic Power. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-03420-6. 
  • Dittmer, John (1994). Local People: the Struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-02102-9. 
  • Payne, Charles M. (1995). I've Got the Light of Freedom: The Organizing Tradition and the Mississippi Freedom Struggle. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-08515-9. 

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Associated Press (January 19, 1956). "Challenges Negro Leader On Charges". The Sunday News Journal. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 

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