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African American History Is AMERICAN History - Episode #24 "The George Washington Lee Story"
African American History Is AMERICAN History - Episode #24 "The George Washington Lee Story"
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: AAHIAH Classroom Video Series
Medgar Evers 1925-1963 by Yu Lu
Medgar Evers 1925-1963 by Yu Lu
Published: 2017/02/04
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RCNL
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: Joel Leon
National Council of Negro Women
National Council of Negro Women
Published: 2013/05/19
Channel: Zandseam
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FRIENDLY VOICES_RCNL
Published: 2011/10/25
Channel: marysaputo
rcnl
rcnl
Published: 2007/11/19
Channel: Gonzalo Gil Escudero
Roy Wilkins: The Right to Dignity
Roy Wilkins: The Right to Dignity
Published: 2016/07/18
Channel: Public Access America Podcast
NCNW Rocky Mountain Regional Symposium Quick Video Review 2015
NCNW Rocky Mountain Regional Symposium Quick Video Review 2015
Published: 2015/05/23
Channel: Denver Section - NCNW, Inc.
Olatunde Olaniawo @ GIBS Panel on Africa Swing States
Olatunde Olaniawo @ GIBS Panel on Africa Swing States
Published: 2015/07/11
Channel: Ola Olaniawo
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: TAIWANESE PREMIER VINCENT SHAW VISIT
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: TAIWANESE PREMIER VINCENT SHAW VISIT
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Part 1 Dr. G Speaks @ ESTL Economic Development Conference
Part 1 Dr. G Speaks @ ESTL Economic Development Conference
Published: 2008/11/14
Channel: DrGerald1
Honouring our Black Leaders
Honouring our Black Leaders
Published: 2014/02/07
Channel: Toronto & York Region Labour Council
CAIR - Florida Joins "Islamophobia: Voices from the Muslim Community" Forum
CAIR - Florida Joins "Islamophobia: Voices from the Muslim Community" Forum
Published: 2016/04/01
Channel: CAIR Florida
#womenASCOA Panel on Critical Success Factors—Networking, Mentorship, and Advocacy
#womenASCOA Panel on Critical Success Factors—Networking, Mentorship, and Advocacy
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: Americas Society/Council of the Americas
IFC
IFC's 2013 Inclusive Business Leaders Forum Keynote
Published: 2013/11/01
Channel: InclusiveBusiness
"The Charter Sector and Diversity" with Makisha Boothe
"The Charter Sector and Diversity" with Makisha Boothe
Published: 2012/02/13
Channel: JHU School of Education
American Racial Tolerance in WWII, 1940
American Racial Tolerance in WWII, 1940's - Film 16741
Published: 2015/01/23
Channel: HuntleyFilmArchives
National Council of Negro Women @ SGRL 2012-09-18
National Council of Negro Women @ SGRL 2012-09-18
Published: 2012/09/19
Channel: Lowndes Area Knowledge Exchange
Meet new Lenexa Fire Chief Lonny Owens!
Meet new Lenexa Fire Chief Lonny Owens!
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: City of Lenexa, Kansas
197th Knowledge Seekers Workshop - The Earth Council Constitution, Thursday, November 9, 2017
197th Knowledge Seekers Workshop - The Earth Council Constitution, Thursday, November 9, 2017
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: Keshe Foundation Spaceship Institute
Black History Panel at Hall Provides Unique Platform for Powerful Insights about College Football
Black History Panel at Hall Provides Unique Platform for Powerful Insights about College Football
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: NFFOnDemand
Wayne County: Slavery and the Civil War
Wayne County: Slavery and the Civil War
Published: 2014/06/21
Channel: wvarchivesandhistory
NCNW
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Published: 2014/11/15
Channel: Alicia Middleton
Connections: The Characters and Context that Create Great Leaders
Connections: The Characters and Context that Create Great Leaders
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: Civil and Environmental Engineering at Georgia Tech
Edit from  MVI 9793  - 1/2/2016 - East Cleveland City Council Meeting - Change of Leadership
Edit from MVI 9793 - 1/2/2016 - East Cleveland City Council Meeting - Change of Leadership
Published: 2016/01/04
Channel: 44112News
MVI 9844 - East Cleveland City Council Meeting - 2/16/2016 - NEORSD
MVI 9844 - East Cleveland City Council Meeting - 2/16/2016 - NEORSD
Published: 2016/02/17
Channel: 44112News
Mayor Jim Kenney
Mayor Jim Kenney's Budget Address to City Council 3-3-2016
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: Philadelphia City Council
NCNW 2011 Best Dressed Fashion Show Part 2
NCNW 2011 Best Dressed Fashion Show Part 2
Published: 2011/02/14
Channel: Leroy Morgan
The Million Man March: The Untold Story - Trailer
The Million Man March: The Untold Story - Trailer
Published: 2015/12/01
Channel: kweliTV
[RAW VIDEO] SpecOps ISIS Prison Raid Helmet Cam Footage
[RAW VIDEO] SpecOps ISIS Prison Raid Helmet Cam Footage
Published: 2015/10/25
Channel: The Next News Network
Steve Biko: I Write what I Like pt2(audiobook) "Black Consciousness"
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Published: 2016/04/29
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African Leaders Vow Not Allow Indictments Of Sitting Presidents
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Published: 2013/10/12
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Sacramento Sustainability Forum Presents: Julia Burrows, Valley Vision (Part 3 of 3)
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Published: 2016/11/12
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Published: 2013/08/14
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BREAKING OFFICIAL: Donald Trump Picks Rex Tillerson as Secretary of State for his administration
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Channel: USA Uncensored
With Illinois Campaign Launch and Alumni Celebration
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Published: 2017/10/17
Channel: Advancement at Illinois
HEART OF DARKNESS by Joseph Conrad - FULL AudioBook | Greatest Audio Books
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Published: 2013/01/30
Channel: Greatest AudioBooks
Gustavo Bueno. La vuelta a la caverna - Documental COMPLETO  (Eng. Subs)
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Edit from MVI 9821 - East Cleveland Ohio City Council Meeting 2/2/2016
Edit from MVI 9821 - East Cleveland Ohio City Council Meeting 2/2/2016
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Channel: 44112News
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Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: The Bar Association of Metropolitan St. Louis
Star Wars: The Complete Legends History - Star Wars Explained
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Channel: Star Wars Explained
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Channel: trutodis
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African Socialist International addresses Venezeulan Conference for African Descendants
African Socialist International addresses Venezeulan Conference for African Descendants
Published: 2011/06/23
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The Afro Colombian Situation and Change
The Afro Colombian Situation and Change
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Key & Peele - TeachingCenter
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Channel: Comedy Central
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Published: 2013/07/30
Channel: National Heritage Council
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Published: 2015/11/04
Channel: TeleSUR English
Martin Luther King Jr., "The Drum Major Instinct" Sermon --- COMPLETE
Martin Luther King Jr., "The Drum Major Instinct" Sermon --- COMPLETE
Published: 2013/04/24
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Regional Council of Negro Leadership (RCNL) was a society in Mississippi founded by T. R. M. Howard in 1951 to promote a program of civil rights, self-help, and business ownership. It pledged "to guide our people in their civic responsibilities regarding education, registration and voting, law enforcement, tax paying, the preservation of property, the value of saving and in all things which will make us stable, qualified conscientious citizens." Instead of starting from the "grass roots," however, the strategy was to "reach the masses through their chosen leaders" by harnessing the talents of blacks with a proven record in business, the professions, education, and the church.

At first the RCNL did not directly challenge "separate but equal" (much like the initial stance of the Montgomery Improvement Association), but zeroed in on the need to guarantee the "equal." It often identified inadequate schools as the primary factor responsible for the Northern black exodus. Instead of demanding immediate integration, however, it called for equal school terms for both races. From the beginning, the RCNL also pledged an "all-out fight for unrestricted voting rights."

16 relatively autonomous committees, each headed by a respected leader in business, education, the church, or the professions, formed the backbone of the RCNL. The committees, in turn, reported to an executive board and board of directors headed by Howard. The RCNL’s constitution stipulated that each town or city with at least one thousand blacks in the Delta was entitled to representation. To build mass support for the work of these committees, the RCNL made sure to hold its business meetings in different locations each year.

The RCNL attracted many individuals of ability and prestige including Aaron Henry, a druggist and NAACP officer from Clarksdale, Mississippi; Amzie Moore, an NAACP activist and gas station owner from Cleveland, Mississippi; President Arenia Mallory of Saints Junior College in Lexington, Mississippi; and President J.H. White of Mississippi Vocational College, now (Mississippi Valley State University), in Itta Bena, Mississippi. For many, it was their first exposure to civil rights and a training ground. In contrast to later groups, such as the Montgomery Improvement Association, most RCNL leaders were businesspeople and professionals. Relatively few were from the clergy.

The RCNL's most famous member was Medgar Evers. Fresh from graduation at Alcorn State University in 1952, he had moved to Mound Bayou to sell insurance for Howard. Evers soon became the RCNL's program director and helped to organize a boycott of service stations that failed to provide restrooms for blacks. As part of this campaign, the RCNL distributed an estimated twenty thousand bumper stickers with the slogan "Don’t Buy Gas Where You Can’t Use the Rest Room." Beginning in 1953, it directly challenged "separate but equal" and demanded integration of schools.

The RCNL’s annual meetings in Mound Bayou between 1952 and 1955 attracted crowds of ten thousand or more. They featured speeches by Rep. William L. Dawson of Chicago, Rep. Charles Diggs of Michigan, Alderman Archibald J. Carey Jr. of Chicago, and NAACP attorney Thurgood Marshall. Each of these events, in the words of Myrlie Evers, later Myrlie Evers-Williams, the wife of Medgar, constituted "a huge all-day camp meeting: a combination of pep rally, old-time revival, and Sunday church picnic." The conferences also included panels and workshops on voting rights, business ownership, and other issues. Attendance was a life transforming experience for many younger and future civil black leaders such as Fannie Lou Hamer.

In 1955, RCNL officials, including Howard and Amzie Moore, played key roles in helping to find evidence in the Emmett Till murder case. During the trial, Mamie Till Bradley, who was Emmett's mother, key witnesses, such as Willie Reed, and black reporters stayed in Howard's home in Mound Bayou. Dr. Howard, referring to the murders of and Emmett Till and George W. Lee, and the attempted murder of Gus Courts, charged that the FBI "can’t seem to solve a crime where a Negro is involved." The statement angered FBI Director Herbert Hoover, who credited the FBI with the "virtual elimination of lynchings in the South," and with "breaking up the Ku Klux Klan in the Carolinas and Georgia."[1]

The RCNL went into decline after Howard left the state at the beginning of 1956. Nevertheless, it continued to attract many of the state's prominent civil rights leaders including Amzie Moore and Aaron Henry. The RCNL was still in existence in 1962 but was already being pushed into the shadows by groups such as the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO) and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).

Further reading[edit]

  • Beito, David and Linda (2009). Black Maverick: T.R.M. Howard's Fight for Civil Rights and Economic Power. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-03420-6. 
  • Dittmer, John (1994). Local People: the Struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-02102-9. 
  • Payne, Charles M. (1995). I've Got the Light of Freedom: The Organizing Tradition and the Mississippi Freedom Struggle. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-08515-9. 

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Associated Press (January 19, 1956). "Challenges Negro Leader On Charges". The Sunday News Journal. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 

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