Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
The Baltic Tragedy - Nazi and Soviet occupation in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania
The Baltic Tragedy - Nazi and Soviet occupation in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania
Published: 2011/09/05
Channel: EstoniaANTICOMMUNIST
German Invasion of Latvia, Lithuania 32610f HD
German Invasion of Latvia, Lithuania 32610f HD
Published: 2015/02/01
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
Life in post-War Eastern Europe
Life in post-War Eastern Europe
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: iamandris
WAR WITNESS: Heritage. 71. Leonid Zavirkin. Lithuania’s Resistance Movement.
WAR WITNESS: Heritage. 71. Leonid Zavirkin. Lithuania’s Resistance Movement.
Published: 2015/05/08
Channel: RT Documentary
Forest Brothers Resistance (Men of War GSM Mod)
Forest Brothers Resistance (Men of War GSM Mod)
Published: 2016/07/01
Channel: Cookie Killah
French Resistance Archive Footage Paris Partisans SOE Charles Bovill
French Resistance Archive Footage Paris Partisans SOE Charles Bovill
Published: 2013/09/07
Channel: PublicEnquiry
Nazi Waffen-SS veterans march free in Riga, Latvia
Nazi Waffen-SS veterans march free in Riga, Latvia
Published: 2016/03/17
Channel: Russia Insider
Polish Wilno (Vilna) in 1936
Polish Wilno (Vilna) in 1936
Published: 2009/02/23
Channel: 240252
Polish Resistance: A Documentary
Polish Resistance: A Documentary
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: History In Action
Escaping Kovne (Kovno or Kaunus, Lithuania) During World War Two
Escaping Kovne (Kovno or Kaunus, Lithuania) During World War Two
Published: 2015/03/10
Channel: Yiddish Book Center
Germany occupies Lithuania WWII
Germany occupies Lithuania WWII
Published: 2007/01/15
Channel: niekas
SS Collaborator vs Resistance Fighter testify on WW2
SS Collaborator vs Resistance Fighter testify on WW2
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: Thirstypioneer
[WWII] The Invasion of Yugoslavia (1941): Every Day
[WWII] The Invasion of Yugoslavia (1941): Every Day
Published: 2015/02/12
Channel: GalacticPenguinTV
The Invisible Front (trailer)
The Invisible Front (trailer)
Published: 2012/03/29
Channel: Mark Ryan
Lithuanian president comments ahead of Bush visit
Lithuanian president comments ahead of Bush visit
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Lithuanians Against the Red Army 1944-1966
Lithuanians Against the Red Army 1944-1966
Published: 2009/03/31
Channel: Lituae
Jewish Vilna After World War Two
Jewish Vilna After World War Two
Published: 2014/09/22
Channel: Yiddish Book Center
Danish Resistance Movement  Denmark Fights for Freedom   Anti Nazi Operations 1944
Danish Resistance Movement Denmark Fights for Freedom Anti Nazi Operations 1944
Published: 2012/08/12
Channel: War Footage
National-Socialist Lithuania (1941-1944)
National-Socialist Lithuania (1941-1944)
Published: 2016/04/01
Channel: White Warrior
The Path to Nazi Genocide, Chapter 4/4: World War II and the Holocaust, 1939–1945
The Path to Nazi Genocide, Chapter 4/4: World War II and the Holocaust, 1939–1945
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
EBU FOREST BROTHERS
EBU FOREST BROTHERS
Published: 2014/10/20
Channel: Lietuvos nacionalinis radijas ir televizija
ONLY ON AP Lithuania prepares for global change
ONLY ON AP Lithuania prepares for global change
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: AP Archive
LRT EBU Lithuania distributes war manual
LRT EBU Lithuania distributes war manual
Published: 2015/01/15
Channel: Lietuvos nacionalinis radijas ir televizija
╬ World War 2 - The true unseen side of German Soldiers ╬
╬ World War 2 - The true unseen side of German Soldiers ╬
Published: 2011/10/27
Channel: Panzer Skad
World War 2 Germans and Lithuanians part 2
World War 2 Germans and Lithuanians part 2
Published: 2009/05/27
Channel: mureikos
Soviet Storm. WW2 in the East - Operation Bagration. Episode 11. StarMedia. Babich-Design
Soviet Storm. WW2 in the East - Operation Bagration. Episode 11. StarMedia. Babich-Design
Published: 2014/07/17
Channel: StarMediaEN
Playwright Joshua Sobol on Theater as a Form of Resistance
Playwright Joshua Sobol on Theater as a Form of Resistance
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: College of the Holy Cross
The Invisible Front - Trailer
The Invisible Front - Trailer
Published: 2015/07/06
Channel: JourneymanVOD
7 Facts about Poland
7 Facts about Poland
Published: 2015/09/05
Channel: Sebastian Ioan
Werhmarcht  on the advance to Schaulen and Libau, Lithuania and Latvia, 1941, Operation Barbarossa
Werhmarcht on the advance to Schaulen and Libau, Lithuania and Latvia, 1941, Operation Barbarossa
Published: 2017/01/08
Channel: World War 2: The Lost Footage
LRT EBU Lithuania commemorates the end of WW2 in Europe
LRT EBU Lithuania commemorates the end of WW2 in Europe
Published: 2015/05/08
Channel: Lietuvos nacionalinis radijas ir televizija
" MY LATVIA " COLD WAR SOVIET OCCUPATION OF BALKAN STATES 74582
" MY LATVIA " COLD WAR SOVIET OCCUPATION OF BALKAN STATES 74582
Published: 2015/07/09
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
GERMANY INVADES AUSTRIA WORLD WAR II NEWSREEL ANSCHLUSS 70792
GERMANY INVADES AUSTRIA WORLD WAR II NEWSREEL ANSCHLUSS 70792
Published: 2015/04/03
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
Top 5 Best Minor Nations to Play in Hearts of Iron 4 [HOI4]
Top 5 Best Minor Nations to Play in Hearts of Iron 4 [HOI4]
Published: 2016/06/07
Channel: Drew Durnil
The Invisible Front.Drama 2014
The Invisible Front.Drama 2014
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: Filat Lughaidh
GERMAN SILENT HISTORY FILM -- BORDERS OF GERMANY 800 AD - 1815  75312
GERMAN SILENT HISTORY FILM -- BORDERS OF GERMANY 800 AD - 1815 75312
Published: 2015/08/13
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
World War II documentary about lightning war Blitzkrieg von Deutschland 二戰記憶之德國閃電戰
World War II documentary about lightning war Blitzkrieg von Deutschland 二戰記憶之德國閃電戰
Published: 2015/06/27
Channel: Fluss He
Nazi Collaborators - on DVD from July 18th
Nazi Collaborators - on DVD from July 18th
Published: 2011/07/06
Channel: Andy Green
Digital Storytelling: German Occupation of Poland World War II
Digital Storytelling: German Occupation of Poland World War II
Published: 2016/03/11
Channel: Abigail Popp
GERMAN SILENT HISTORY FILM -- BORDERS OF GERMANY 1871- 1935  75352
GERMAN SILENT HISTORY FILM -- BORDERS OF GERMANY 1871- 1935 75352
Published: 2015/08/13
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
Operation Bagration/Oперация Багратиoн
Operation Bagration/Oперация Багратиoн
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: World of Tanks Films
Izis Bidermanas
Izis Bidermanas
Published: 2014/03/29
Channel: Sandro Sansone
Hill of crosses overview
Hill of crosses overview
Published: 2009/07/27
Channel: Kyle Rutledge
Czeslaw Milosz with Helen Vendler, 26 March 1998
Czeslaw Milosz with Helen Vendler, 26 March 1998
Published: 2010/04/26
Channel: Lannan Foundation
Protest against Waffen-SS Veterans´ March Riga 2017
Protest against Waffen-SS Veterans´ March Riga 2017
Published: 2017/03/22
Channel: Vereinigung der Verfolgten des Naziregimes - Bund der Antifaschistinnen und Antifaschisten
Warsaw Uprising 1944 (color and information)
Warsaw Uprising 1944 (color and information)
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: ProjektErinnerung 1939-1945
NATO Buildup on Russia
NATO Buildup on Russia's Border| The Millennial Revolt
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: The Millennial Revolt
Anti-communistic resistance during WW2
Anti-communistic resistance during WW2
Published: 2009/06/26
Channel: Teuton1488
GERMAN SILENT HISTORY FILM -- RIVERS OF GERMANY & EUROPE 75292
GERMAN SILENT HISTORY FILM -- RIVERS OF GERMANY & EUROPE 75292
Published: 2015/08/13
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
World War II REENACTMEN-Eastern Front Battlefield-Wehrmacht,SS vs RKKA,Czechoslovaks
World War II REENACTMEN-Eastern Front Battlefield-Wehrmacht,SS vs RKKA,Czechoslovaks
Published: 2009/11/21
Channel: Petr Warry old
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Eastern Front, June 1941-December 1941
Eastern Front, August 1943-December 1944

During World War II, Lithuania was occupied by the Soviet Union (1940–1941), Nazi Germany (1941–1944), and the Soviet Union again in 1944. Resistance during this period took many forms. Significant parts of the resistance were formed by Polish and Soviet forces, some of which fought with Lithuanian collaborators. This article presents a summary of the organizations, persons and actions involved.

First Soviet occupation[edit]

In 1940, President Antanas Smetona fled to Germany, not wanting his government to become a puppet of the Soviet occupation. Soviet attempts to capture him were unsuccessful, and he was able to settle in the United States.

In 1940, Chiune Sugihara, the Japanese consul in Kaunas, and his wife Yukiko disobeyed orders and saved thousands of Jewish refugees from Poland by granting them visas.[1]

In 1941, the Lithuanian Activist Front (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Aktyvistų Frontas) formed an underground government, and following the June uprising, the Provisional Government of Lithuania maintained sovereignty for a brief period.

Nazi German occupation[edit]

Soviet partisans began sabotage and guerrilla operations against German forces immediately after the Nazi invasion of 1941. The activities of Soviet partisans in Lithuania were partly coordinated by the Command of the Lithuanian Partisan Movement headed by Antanas Sniečkus and partly by the Central Command of the Partisan Movement of the USSR.[2]

In 1943, the Nazis attempted to raise a Waffen-SS division from the local population as they had in many other countries, but due to widespread coordination between resistance groups, the mobilization was boycotted. The Lithuanian Territorial Defense Force (Lietuvos vietinė rinktinė) was eventually formed in 1944 under Lithuanian command, but was liquidated by the Nazis only a few months later for refusing to subordinate to their command.[3][4][5]

There was no significant violent resistance directed against the Nazis. Some Lithuanians, encouraged by Germany's vague promises of autonomy,[6] cooperated with the Nazis. Pre-war tensions over the Vilnius Region resulted in a low-level civil war between Poles and Lithuanians.[7] Nazi-sponsored Lithuanian units, primarily the Lithuanian Secret Police,[7] were active in the region and assisted the Germans in repressing the Polish population. In the autumn of 1943, the Armia Krajowa began retaliatory operations against the Lithuanian units and killed hundreds of mostly Lithuanian policemen and other collaborators during the first half of 1944. The conflict culminated in the massacres of Polish and Lithuanian civilians in June 1944 in the Glitiškės (Glinciszki) and Dubingiai (Dubinki) villages. See also Polish-Lithuanian relations during World War II.

Also in 1943, several underground political groups united under the Supreme Committee for the Liberation of Lithuania (Vyriausias Lietuvos išlaisvinimo komitetas, or VLIK). The committee issued a declaration of independence that went largely unnoticed. It became active mostly outside Lithuania among emigrants and deportees, and was able to establish contacts in Western countries and get support for resistance operations inside Lithuania (see Operation Jungle). It would persist abroad for many years as one of the groups representing Lithuania in exile.[8][9]

Jewish partisans also fought against the Nazi occupation. In September 1943, the United Partisan Organization, led by Abba Kovner, attempted to start an uprising in the Vilna Ghetto, and later engaged in sabotage and guerrilla operations against the Nazi occupation.[10]

In July 1944, as part of its Operation Tempest, the Polish Home Army launched Operation Ostra Brama, an attempt to recapture that city. See also Polish–Lithuanian relations during World War II.

As of January 2008, 723 Lithuanians were recognized by Israel as Righteous among the Nations for their efforts in saving Lithuania's Jews from the Holocaust.[11] The total number of people who helped the Jews may be much higher.[12]

Second Soviet occupation[edit]

Lithuanian partisans, known as the Forest Brothers, began guerrilla warfare against the Soviet forces as soon as the front passed over them in 1944, and continued an armed struggle until 1953. The core of this movement was made up of soldiers from the Territorial Defense Force who had disbanded with their weapons and uniforms and members of the Lithuanian Freedom Army, established in 1941. The underground had extensive clandestine radio and press.[13] Thousands of people engaged in active and passive resistance against the Soviet authorities.[8] The various resistance organizations eventually united under the Movement of the Struggle for the Freedom of Lithuania (Lietuvos Laisvės Kovų Sąjūdis, or LLKS), issuing a declaration of independence in 1949 that would ultimately be signed into law by the independent Republic of Lithuania in 1999.[14] The most famous of these partisans is probably Juozas Lukša, author of several books during the resistance and the subject of a recent film.

While armed resistance ended in the 1950s, nonviolent resistance continued in various forms (e.g. through Lithuanians living abroad, the Catholic press, safeguarding local traditions and the Lithuanian language, the Sąjūdis movement, etc.), until 1991 when Russia recognized the independence declared by Lithuania on March 11, 1990.

Significance of February 16[edit]

February 16, the date that Lithuania first declared its independence in 1918, played an important symbolic role during this period. The call for volunteers for the Lithuanian Territorial Defense Force, the VLIK declaration of independence, and the LLKS declaration of independence were all made on February 16. This day has become a national holiday in Lithuania.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Chiune and Yukiko Sugihara". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 2006-06-29. 
  2. ^ Janavičienė, Audronė (2004-01-30). "Soviet Saboteurs in Lithuania (1941-1944)". Genocide and Resistance Research Centre of Lithuania. Retrieved 2006-06-30. 
  3. ^ Peterson, Roger D. Resistance and Rebellion: Lessons from Eastern Europe, p. 164. Cambridge University Press, 2001-05-07. ISBN 0-521-77000-9
  4. ^ Lane, Thomas. Lithuania: Stepping Westward. p. 57, Routledge (UK), 2002-08-23. ISBN 0-415-26731-5
  5. ^ Mackevičius, Mečislovas. Lithuanian resistance to German mobilization attempts 1941-1944, Lituanus, Vol. 32, No. 4, Winter 1986. Ed. Antanas Dundzila. ISSN 0024-5089
  6. ^ Piotrowski, Tadeusz (1998). Poland's Holocaust. McFarland & Company. p. 163. ISBN 0-7864-0371-3. 
  7. ^ a b Snyder, Timothy (2003). The Reconstruction of Nations: Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, 1569-1999. Yale University Press. p. 84. ISBN 0-300-10586-X. 
  8. ^ a b Kaszeta, Daniel J. Lithuanian Resistance to Foreign Occupation 1940-1952, Lituanus, Volume 34, No. 3, Fall 1988. Ed. Antanas Dundzila. ISSN 0024-5089
  9. ^ Banionis, Juozas (2004-03-10). "The Liberation of Lithuania in the West under détente, 1970–1974". Genocide and Resistance Research Centre of Lithuania. Retrieved 2006-06-29. 
  10. ^ Rosenberg, Jennifer. "Abba Kovner and Resistance in the Vilna Ghetto". About.com. Retrieved 2006-06-29. 
  11. ^ "Righteous Among the Nations - per Country & Ethnic Origin January 1, 2008". Yad Vashem. Retrieved 2009-02-04. 
  12. ^ Procuta, Genius. How Many Rescuers of Jews Were There?, Tėviškės Žiburiai, Missisauga, Ontario, Canada, 1999-03-16.
  13. ^ Lane, p. 58
  14. ^ Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania. Law on the February 16, 1949 Declaration by the Council of the Movement of the Struggle for Freedom of Lithuania, Law No. VIII-1021, 1999-01-12, Vilnius.

Further reading[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license