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15 Active Athletes Whose Numbers BETTER BE RETIRED
15 Active Athletes Whose Numbers BETTER BE RETIRED
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: TPS
Allen Iverson
Allen Iverson's Number is Retired by the Philadelphia 76ers!
Published: 2014/03/02
Channel: NBA
ALL OF THE RETIRED NUMBERS IN THE MLB!
ALL OF THE RETIRED NUMBERS IN THE MLB!
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: Koogs46
Top 7 NBA Players Who Deserve To Have Their Numbers Retired
Top 7 NBA Players Who Deserve To Have Their Numbers Retired
Published: 2016/08/01
Channel: Matthew Sims
Kobe Bryant getting both numbers retired is
Kobe Bryant getting both numbers retired is 'appropriate' | SC with SVP | ESPN
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: ESPN
NBA 2K14 My Career - My Jersey Number is Retired
NBA 2K14 My Career - My Jersey Number is Retired
Published: 2013/10/13
Channel: Chris Smoove
Ortiz Gets His Number Retired - Watch as Red Sox legend David Ortiz opens up about
Ortiz Gets His Number Retired - Watch as Red Sox legend David Ortiz opens up about
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: Today Sports
NBA 2K17 How to Unlock Retired Numbers
NBA 2K17 How to Unlock Retired Numbers
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: MrBulletBalboa
Santo learns his number will be retired
Santo learns his number will be retired
Published: 2014/11/25
Channel: MLB
LAA@SEA: Martinez gets his number retired by Mariners
LAA@SEA: Martinez gets his number retired by Mariners
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: MLB
SD@ATL: Braves unveil retired numbers at new ballpark
SD@ATL: Braves unveil retired numbers at new ballpark
Published: 2017/04/15
Channel: MLB
May 25, 1997, Puckett
May 25, 1997, Puckett's number is retired
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: Minnesota Twins
What is RETIRED NUMBER? What does RETIRED NUMBER mean? RETIRED NUMBER meaning & explanation
What is RETIRED NUMBER? What does RETIRED NUMBER mean? RETIRED NUMBER meaning & explanation
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: The Audiopedia
WHY KOBE BRYANT IS GETTING BOTH OF HIS NUMBERS RETIRED | NBA NEWS
WHY KOBE BRYANT IS GETTING BOTH OF HIS NUMBERS RETIRED | NBA NEWS
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: SDC
A look back at Williams, Posada & Pettitte getting their numbers retired
A look back at Williams, Posada & Pettitte getting their numbers retired
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: YESNetwork
Unveiling of Ken Griffey Jr
Unveiling of Ken Griffey Jr's retired jersey number
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: Jeremy Daniels
Tamika Catchings number retired
Tamika Catchings number retired
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: WTHR
MEN
MEN'S BASKETBALL - Malcolm Brogdon's Retired Number Ceremony
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: Virginia Sports TV
Yankees Retired Number: No. 8, Yogi Berra
Yankees Retired Number: No. 8, Yogi Berra
Published: 2015/09/23
Channel: MLB
David Ortiz
David Ortiz's number being retired #34. Congratulations Big Papi
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Jimi Walker
50 GREATEST MOMENTS | Number 99 Retired
50 GREATEST MOMENTS | Number 99 Retired
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: LA Kings
Pavel Bure has number retired by Canucks
Pavel Bure has number retired by Canucks
Published: 2013/11/03
Channel: NHL
Mariano Rivera has his number retired in Monument Park
Mariano Rivera has his number retired in Monument Park
Published: 2013/09/23
Channel: YESNetwork
NBA: LAKERS Kobe Bryant, Shaq Number retired at Staples Center Mavs, Jack Nicholson and Dr. Dre
NBA: LAKERS Kobe Bryant, Shaq Number retired at Staples Center Mavs, Jack Nicholson and Dr. Dre
Published: 2013/04/07
Channel: hiphopnonstoptv
Dennis Rodman interview: My number shouldn’t be retired in Detroit
Dennis Rodman interview: My number shouldn’t be retired in Detroit
Published: 2016/01/05
Channel: Graham Bensinger
Reds Retired Number  No. 18, Ted Kluszewski
Reds Retired Number No. 18, Ted Kluszewski
Published: 2012/03/15
Channel: insidehalf52
Chris Bosh waived by Miami Heat and his number is retired
Chris Bosh waived by Miami Heat and his number is retired
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: Karceno4Life
Boston Celtics Retired Numbers
Boston Celtics Retired Numbers
Published: 2009/01/19
Channel: Sjcorca2007champs
Choosing The Next Retired Numbers In The NHL!
Choosing The Next Retired Numbers In The NHL!
Published: 2017/09/06
Channel: Auddie James
Leetch announces Graves
Leetch announces Graves' number to be retired
Published: 2012/04/12
Channel: Marc Weissman
Derek Jeter
Derek Jeter's number is retired at New York Yankee stadium
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: Channel 14
Derek Jeter on getting his number retired in 2017
Derek Jeter on getting his number retired in 2017
Published: 2016/12/23
Channel: YESNetwork
David Ortiz
David Ortiz's reaction upon hearing his number will be retired. (Baseball)
Published: 2016/10/02
Channel: Braden
New York Yankees Retired Numbers: Roger Maris
New York Yankees Retired Numbers: Roger Maris
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: YESNetwork
Derek Jeter Number Retired at Yankee Stadium
Derek Jeter Number Retired at Yankee Stadium
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: Mike O
CLE@NYY: Pettitte on having number retired by Yankees
CLE@NYY: Pettitte on having number retired by Yankees
Published: 2015/08/23
Channel: MLB
Bernie to have number retired
Bernie to have number retired
Published: 2015/02/17
Channel: MLB Fan
Patrick Ewing
Patrick Ewing's number retired @ MSG
Published: 2011/03/26
Channel: fromero715
Derek Jeter Number Retired Ceremony - Yankees Stadium
Derek Jeter Number Retired Ceremony - Yankees Stadium
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: Feliciano Fine Art
Pete Rose
Pete Rose 'personal connections' with every player whose numbers are retired
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: FOX Sports Ohio
Lou Gehrig
Lou Gehrig's number is retired by the Yankees on July 4th
Published: 2011/12/16
Channel: ThisDayInBaseball
Fenway Park Boston Red Sox - Retired Numbers and famed "Red Seat"
Fenway Park Boston Red Sox - Retired Numbers and famed "Red Seat"
Published: 2012/08/13
Channel: Jamie Kaler
Yankee Retired Numbers by cc @ 18 months old
Yankee Retired Numbers by cc @ 18 months old
Published: 2013/05/04
Channel: Danielle Spara
New York Yankees Retired Numbers: Whitey Ford
New York Yankees Retired Numbers: Whitey Ford
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: YESNetwork
Kobe Bryant will get his #8  number retired by Lakers!
Kobe Bryant will get his #8  number retired by Lakers!
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: HoopersNation
retired numbers
retired numbers
Published: 2008/10/30
Channel: dahound02
Boston Bruins Retired Numbers
Boston Bruins Retired Numbers
Published: 2009/01/19
Channel: Sjcorca2007champs
New York Yankees Retired Numbers: Phil Rizzuto
New York Yankees Retired Numbers: Phil Rizzuto
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: YESNetwork
New York Yankees Retired Numbers: Mickey Mantle
New York Yankees Retired Numbers: Mickey Mantle
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: YESNetwork
New York Yankees Retired Numbers: Reggie Jackson
New York Yankees Retired Numbers: Reggie Jackson
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: YESNetwork
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Retiring the number of an athlete is an honor a team bestows upon a player, usually after the player has left the team, retires from the sport or dies. Once a number is retired, no future player from the team may wear that number on their uniform, unless the player so-honored permits it; however, in many cases the number cannot be used at all. Such an honor may also be bestowed on players who had highly memorable careers, died prematurely under tragic circumstances,[1] or have had their promising careers ended by serious injury. Some sports that retire team numbers include baseball, cricket,[1] ice hockey, basketball, American football and association football. Retired jerseys are often referred to as "hanging from the rafters" as they are, literally, put to hang in the team's home arena.[2]

The first number officially retired by a team in a professional sport was that of ice hockey player Ace Bailey, whose number 6 was retired by the Toronto Maple Leafs in 1934.[3]

Some teams have also retired number 12 in honor of their fans, or the "Twelfth Man".[4] Similarly, the Sacramento Kings and Orlando Magic retired number 6 in honor of their fans, the "Sixth Man".

American sports leagues[edit]

Michael Jordan's jersey in the rafters at the University of North Carolina
A plaque honoring Jackie Robinson in Monument Park at old Yankee Stadium.

If a jersey is retired and an active player is still wearing it, the player is usually permitted to wear the number for his entire career as a player. If in the sport, managers and coaches wear uniform numbers, and the player later becomes a coach for the same team, he is also permitted to wear it as a coach.

However, in some cases the player may elect to change their number. For instance, in 1987 the Boston Bruins of the National Hockey League decided to retire jersey number 7 in honor of Phil Esposito, who had become a star while playing for the team. At the time #7 belonged to Ray Bourque, who was the Bruins' captain and had become a star in his own right. On the night of the ceremony honoring Esposito, Bourque took to the ice wearing his normal jersey. He skated over to the Hall of Famer, took off the jersey, and handed it to Esposito in what was referred to as Bourque's "surrendering" of the number he had worn since breaking into the league. Underneath was a jersey numbered 77, which would become as associated with Bourque as the 7 was with Esposito in Boston.[5] Bourque's new jersey number would eventually join Esposito's in the rafters of TD Garden, as the Bruins retired his #77 following his 2001 retirement.

In rare cases, a number may be retired because of the player's endeavors in other fields. For example, former college football star Gerald Ford's number 48 was retired by the University of Michigan football squad by virtue of his future career as the 38th President of the United States.[6]

Teams also take numbers out of circulation without formally retiring them. For example, the Pittsburgh Steelers have only officially retired two numbers: Ernie Stautner's #70 and Joe Greene's #75.[7] However, they have not reissued the numbers of several of their greatest players since they retired, and it is understood that no Steeler will ever wear them again. Similarly, with the exception of a pair of quarterbacks in the mid-1980s, the Green Bay Packers have not re-issued Paul Hornung's number 5 since his departure from the team following the 1966 season. The Dallas Cowboys do not officially retire numbers, but it is generally understood that Roger Staubach's #12, Bob Lilly's #74, Troy Aikman's #8, and Emmitt Smith's #22 will never be worn again in the regular season (though the Cowboys have occasionally used Lilly's 74 in the preseason). Additionally, after Peyton Manning was released by the Indianapolis Colts, owner Jim Irsay stated that no Colt will ever wear Manning's #18 again, though it was not officially retired.[8] After his departure from the team in 2004, the Lakers removed Shaquille O'Neal's #34 from circulation. The Lakers had announced the intention to retire O'Neal's #34 officially, doing so on April 2, 2013.[9]

Some teams either formally or informally take a jersey out of circulation when a player dies or has his career ended by serious injury or disease. For instance, between 1934-2016, the Toronto Maple Leafs only retired a player's number if he experienced a career-ending incident while playing for the team. As a result, they had only retired two jerseys in their history during that time; Ace Bailey's #6 was retired after he suffered a career-ending head injury [10] and Bill Barilko's #5 was retired after his disappearance and presumed death on a fishing trip (his death was confirmed years later with the discovery of the wreckage of the plane on which he was flying).[11] The New York Yankees retired Lou Gehrig's #4 after he was forced to retire due to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The New York Jets did not reissue the #90 of Dennis Byrd following a career ending neck injury, and eventually retired the number in 2012.[12] Similarly, after Wayne Chrebet was forced to retire after suffering multiple concussions, the Jets took his #80 out of circulation but have not yet retired it; Byrd and Curtis Martin were the most recent Jets to have their numbers retired as both were done on the same day. After Magic Johnson retired because of his AIDS disease, the Lakers retired his jersey #32.

In 2008, Princeton University retired the number 42 for all Princeton Tigers sports teams in honor of Bill Bradley and Heisman Trophy winner Dick Kazmaier.[13] UCLA retired the same number in 2014 for all Bruins sports teams in honor of Jackie Robinson, who had played in four sports at the school prior to his Hall of Fame baseball career. Although Robinson never wore #42 at UCLA, the school chose it because of its indelible identification with Robinson.[14]

Michigan Wolverines football unretired all of the numbers that it had retired to create legends jerseys worn by its best players. The unretired jerseys were Bennie Oosterbaan's No. 47, Gerald Ford's No. 48, Ron Kramer's No. 87, The Wistert Brothers' (Whitey Wistert, Al Wistert, Alvin Wistert) No. 11 and Tom Harmon's No. 98.[15][16]

League-wide retirements[edit]

Jackie Robinson, the first black player in the modern era of Major League Baseball, had his number 42 retired league-wide in 1997. However, players who were wearing the number at the time were permitted to retain it for the duration of their careers; Mariano Rivera was the last remaining player to wear the number, and he retired at the end of the 2013 season. The only other exception to this retirement is on April 15, the anniversary of Robinson's MLB debut, when all uniformed personnel (players, managers, coaches, umpires) wear 42. Wayne Gretzky's number 99 was likewise retired league-wide by the National Hockey League at the 2000 NHL All-Star Game.[17]

Association football[edit]

Some association football clubs have started doing this as squad numbers have become common. AS Roma, AC Milan, Internazionale, Napoli, Manchester City, Lens, Lyon and Swansea City have all retired shirt numbers; Milan retiring Franco Baresi's #6 shirt and Paolo Maldini's #3 shirt (with the caveat that one of Maldini's sons can wear the shirt if they play professionally for the club).[18] Swansea retired the shirt number of Besian Idrizaj after he died in his sleep, of a suspected heart attack, at his family home in Linz, Austria. Manchester City, Lens and Lyon all retired the shirt number of Marc-Vivien Foé after his death on the field in the 2003 Confederations Cup; the Cameroon national team also attempted to retire Foé's number, but FIFA prevented them from doing so.[citation needed] FIFA also rejected an attempt by Argentina to retire the number #10 of Diego Maradona.

Australian rules football[edit]

In Australian rules football, some clubs may exercise the right to retire a particular guernsey number, either to honour a past player or to simply cease use of the number. Examples include the Hawthorn Football Club, who retired their No. 1 guernsey prior to the beginning of the 2011 AFL season as the tribute to the fans, according to Max Bailey, the last person to wear the #1 guernsey, had his career cut short by multiple injuries to his right knee, and thanked the fans in his comeback attempts, and the Collingwood Football Club, who retired their No. 42 shirt in honour of Darren Millane, a Collingwood premiership player who was killed in a car crash in 1991.[19]

Auto racing[edit]

In NASCAR, only once has a number been officially retired; that is in the Whelen Modified Tour, where number 61 is retired for Richie Evans after his death in 1985. NASCAR unofficially retired the number 3 in honor of Dale Earnhardt Sr. after his death on the track at the 2001 Daytona 500. Following his death, Earnhardt's old team changed to the number 29, and the replacement driver (Kevin Harvick) drove the 29 car through the 2013 season. Dale Earnhardt Jr. made two special appearances in a number 3 car in the Busch Series in 2002 and again in the renamed Nationwide Series on July 2, 2010 at Daytona, but otherwise the number 3 was absent from all three national touring series until 2009, when Austin Dillon drove a number 3 in the Camping World Truck Series.[20] Dillon is the grandson of Earnhardt's longtime friend and car owner Richard Childress, and he drives for Richard Childress Racing. After winning the Truck Series title in 2011, he drove the #3 car in the Nationwide Series in 2012 and 2013, and returned the number to the Cup Series in 2014 when he began competing full-time in that series for RCR. Ty Dillon, Austin's brother (another grandson of Childress), ran the number 3 in the Camping World Truck Series and began driving the number 3 in the Nationwide Series, now known as the Xfinity Series, in 2014.[21]

From 2004 to 2006, drivers in the International Race of Champions used their numbers from their primary racing series. However, the #3 was retired as a result of Earnhardt's death and any driver who drove the #3 in their primary racing series would drive #03 instead. As such, Hélio Castroneves, who drives #3 in the IndyCar Series, drove the #03.

Following the 1989 24 Hours of Daytona, months after his fatal plane crash, IMSA retired Al Holbert's #14.[22]

CART retired the use of #99 after the fatal accident of Greg Moore in 1999. However, since the IndyCar Series unification took place in 2008, that recognition has since been abandoned. For a brief time during the early-mid 1990s, CART unofficially retired #14 (in honor of A. J. Foyt), allowing it only to be carried only by an entry of A. J. Foyt Enterprises. After the open wheel split in 1996, the rule in CART competition was lifted.

Grand Prix motorcycle racing retired the use of #74 after the fatal accident of Daijiro Kato in 2003, #48 after the fatal accident of Shoya Tomizawa in 2010, #58 after the accident of Marco Simoncelli at the Sepang Circuit in 2011, and #39 after the death of Luis Salom at the Circuit de Catalunya in 2016.

The Formula One World Championship, which has allowed drivers to choose their own number since the 2014 season, retired the use of #17 after the 2015 death of Jules Bianchi from critical injuries sustained in a crash at the 2014 Japanese Grand Prix.[23]

Cricket[edit]

Australian Cricket retired Phillip Hughes' One-Day International shirt number, 64, in remembrance of him, after his death during a match in 2014.[24]

Rugby league[edit]

In other sports such as Rugby League and Rugby Union, despite the long history of the games, it used to be the case that because each number represents the particular positions on the field, the retirement of jersey numbers was impossible. However, as more leagues have gone over the use of squad numbers the retirement of numbers is now possible. The first recorded example in Rugby League was in May 2015 when Keighley Cougars withdrew number 6 following the death of Danny Jones during a match.[25]

Following the death of former player Roger Millward, Hull Kingston Rovers withdrew the number 6 shirt Millward used to wear. Terry Campese who had been allocated that number for 2016 was allocated squad number 32 instead.[26]

Other sports[edit]

In Finnish ice hockey, if a player's number is retired, family members (most notably his son, or son-in-law) can use the retired number if he plays for the same organization. Timo Nummelin had his number 3 retired by TPS, and later his son, Petteri Nummelin, wore number 3 for the team.[27]

Following the death of Wouter Weylandt in the 2011 Giro d'Italia cycle race, organizers decided that they would not reassign Weylandt's bib number of 108 in future editions of the race.[28]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Horne, Ben (29 November 2014). "Phillip Hughes remembered: Michael Clarke delivers emotional tribute to batsman and confirms his ODI number will be retired". The Daily Telegraph. Australia. Retrieved 29 November 2014. 
  2. ^ Hanging from the Rafters NBA Encyclopedia. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  3. ^ Greene, Nick (November 7, 2014). "Who Had the First Jersey Number to Be Retired in Sports?". Mental Floss. Retrieved October 28, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Serie A - Ronaldinho plays numbers game". Eurosport. Yahoo!. 22 July 2008. 
  5. ^ Harding, Thomas (June 10, 2001). "Raymond Bourque timeline". The Gazette. Colorado Springs. Retrieved July 21, 2008. 
  6. ^ "Ford one of most athletic presidents". Associated Press. Sports Illustrated via CNN. December 27, 2006. Archived from the original on January 2, 2007. 
  7. ^ "Pittsburgh Steelers to Retire Joe Greene's Number '75'" (Press release). Pittsburgh Steelers. July 30, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Colts, Manning part ways after 14 seasons". go.com. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  9. ^ "Lakers hang Shaq's No. 34 jersey in the rafters". nba.com. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  10. ^ "Toronto Mapleleafs - Alumni". nhl.com. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  11. ^ "Toronto Mapleleafs - Alumni". nhl.com. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  12. ^ Cimini, Rich (October 24, 2012). "The bond no man could break". ESPNNewYork.com. Retrieved October 24, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Kazmaier '52, sports icon, dies at 82". Princeton Alumni Weekly. 114 (1): 49. September 18, 2013. 
  14. ^ "UCLA Honors Jackie Robinson by Retiring #42 Across All Sports" (Press release). UCLA Athletics. November 22, 2014. Retrieved November 23, 2014. 
  15. ^ "U-M to Recognize Ford, Kramer and Oosterbaan as Football Legends". mgoblue.com. CBS Interactive. June 12, 2012. Retrieved June 13, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Ford Named Michigan Football Legend; Morgan to Wear No. 48 Jersey". mgoblue.com. CBS Interactive. October 13, 2012. Retrieved October 13, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Perfect setting: Gretzky's number retired before All-Star Game". CNN Sports Illustrated. Associated Press. February 6, 2000. Archived from the original on November 12, 2013. Retrieved June 9, 2014. 
  18. ^ Scott Murray; Paolo Bandini (27 May 2009). "Which clubs have retired shirt numbers?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 11 January 2010. 
  19. ^ Magpie Collingwood open to reviving No.42, Herald Sun, 13 May 2011
  20. ^ Caraviello, David (September 3, 2009). "Childress grandson brings No. 3 back to national level". NASCAR. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  21. ^ "Austin Dillon hopes to wait for full Cup schedule to run Dale Earnhardt's No. 3". sportingnews.com. 6 February 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  22. ^ Martin, J. A.; Wells, Ken (January 2001). Prototypes: The History of the IMSA GTP Series (1st ed.). United States: David Bull Publishing. ISBN 1-893618-01-3. 
  23. ^ "Number 17 to be retired in Bianchi's honour". formula1.com. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  24. ^ Horne, Ben (29 November 2014). "Phillip Hughes remembered: Michael Clarke delivers emotional tribute to batsman and confirms his ODI number will be retired". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 29 November 2014. 
  25. ^ "Keighley Cougars retire No6 shirt after Danny Jones's death". The Guardian. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 5 May 2015. 
  26. ^ "Roger Millward's No 6 shirt retired by Hull KR". Sky Sports. 5 May 2016. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  27. ^ Kelly, Cathal (22 February 2007). "The monarch of defence". Toronto Star. 
  28. ^ Stokes, Shane (2011-05-12). "Weylandt's race number retired from Giro d'Italia". VeloNation. Retrieved 2011-05-13. 

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