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Revisionism VS Marxism part 1 What is revisionism
Revisionism VS Marxism part 1 What is revisionism
Published: 2016/02/20
Channel: Peter Korman
Revisionism and Pseudo-Marxism
Revisionism and Pseudo-Marxism
Published: 2010/07/03
Channel: RedTroop1917
Marxism Leninism vs. Anarcho Capitalism (Nah Revisionism, Vanguard Marxist, Red Scare TV)
Marxism Leninism vs. Anarcho Capitalism (Nah Revisionism, Vanguard Marxist, Red Scare TV)
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Nah Revisionism
The Final Aim is Nothing: The Politics of Revisionism and Anti-revisionism
The Final Aim is Nothing: The Politics of Revisionism and Anti-revisionism
Published: 2016/04/03
Channel: Enaa
socialism revisionism and neo revisionism
socialism revisionism and neo revisionism
Published: 2015/01/28
Channel: StMarksGov&Politics
Democratic Socialism = Revisionism
Democratic Socialism = Revisionism
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: Jymee
RedScare & Red North Scott-Attacking Revisionism and False Marxists
RedScare & Red North Scott-Attacking Revisionism and False Marxists
Published: 2014/06/27
Channel: RedScare TV
Marxism-Leninism vs. Trotskyism
Marxism-Leninism vs. Trotskyism
Published: 2008/12/06
Channel: FMPVideoZone
RockingMRE: Revisionism regarding Karl Marx
RockingMRE: Revisionism regarding Karl Marx
Published: 2013/01/21
Channel: DemocraticSocialist01
Historical Orthodoxy, Revisionism, and Post-Revisionism
Historical Orthodoxy, Revisionism, and Post-Revisionism
Published: 2016/06/16
Channel: The Cynical Historian
There is Powerful Revisonism at Work Here.
There is Powerful Revisonism at Work Here.
Published: 2016/10/14
Channel: 420th Gommunist International
What is Revisionism?
What is Revisionism?
Published: 2007/09/26
Channel: RevisionistsRus
Political Ideologies VII- Utilitarianism, Marxism, Revisionism
Political Ideologies VII- Utilitarianism, Marxism, Revisionism
Published: 2011/05/05
Channel: APEuroND
It’s not political correctness it’s Cultural Marxism
It’s not political correctness it’s Cultural Marxism
Published: 2017/10/18
Channel: Conservative Momma
Listen to A Black Conservative Tell You Why Removing Confederate Statues is Revisionist History
Listen to A Black Conservative Tell You Why Removing Confederate Statues is Revisionist History
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Anthony Brian Logan
Basic Marxism-Leninism
Basic Marxism-Leninism
Published: 2014/10/14
Channel: NationalFeminist
Karl Marx
Karl Marx's Planned Genocide of Europeans
Published: 2015/06/22
Channel: Frank Wagner
Debunking Nazi Imperialist Revisionism
Debunking Nazi Imperialist Revisionism
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: RockingMrE
Anthropological Revisionism
Anthropological Revisionism
Published: 2013/09/16
Channel: RockingMrE
Capitalism, Socialism, Marxism, Communism, Neoliberalism: A Primer on the Basics and Nomenclature
Capitalism, Socialism, Marxism, Communism, Neoliberalism: A Primer on the Basics and Nomenclature
Published: 2017/02/11
Channel: Lionel Nation
Enver Hoxha: Socialist Bastion Against Revisionism!
Enver Hoxha: Socialist Bastion Against Revisionism!
Published: 2013/01/31
Channel: NationalFeminist
DEEP REVISIONISM 2016 (Fake news, long term big lies, Jew deep hoaxes & frauds)
DEEP REVISIONISM 2016 (Fake news, long term big lies, Jew deep hoaxes & frauds)
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: rerevisionist
Revisionism Meaning
Revisionism Meaning
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: SDictionary
Answering Your Qs 2 (Iraqi Communist Party, Revisionism, Revolution in the Middle East?) TIMESTAMPED
Answering Your Qs 2 (Iraqi Communist Party, Revisionism, Revolution in the Middle East?) TIMESTAMPED
Published: 2017/08/25
Channel: Comrade Hakim
Marxist Historiography Explained
Marxist Historiography Explained
Published: 2014/10/23
Channel: Nick Shepley
Kaiser interviews Karl Marx - The Revisionist (S01E01)
Kaiser interviews Karl Marx - The Revisionist (S01E01)
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: s70rk
Anti-revisionism
Anti-revisionism
Published: 2016/05/10
Channel: Video Empress
"Reject the Revisionist Theses of the 20th Congress" (1960) by ENVER HOXHA
"Reject the Revisionist Theses of the 20th Congress" (1960) by ENVER HOXHA
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: Marxist-Leninist Theory
Jonathan Bowden - World War 2 & Holocaust Revisionism. (Full)
Jonathan Bowden - World War 2 & Holocaust Revisionism. (Full)
Published: 2015/08/31
Channel: CelticAngloPress [Scotland]
The Dangerous Tone of US Media and Revisionist History Towards Korea
The Dangerous Tone of US Media and Revisionist History Towards Korea
Published: 2017/02/25
Channel: Lionel Nation
Mind Control 101 - Fake News, Illuminati, common core, communism, marxism, socialism
Mind Control 101 - Fake News, Illuminati, common core, communism, marxism, socialism
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: The Supernatural - God is NOT dead
Consolidating Revisionism; 22nd Congress of the CPSUB - Khrushchev 6/11
Consolidating Revisionism; 22nd Congress of the CPSUB - Khrushchev 6/11
Published: 2008/10/27
Channel: Proletarian TV
War Revisionism | Gary North
War Revisionism | Gary North
Published: 2012/10/30
Channel: misesmedia
Stalin
Stalin's 'revisionism' - Khrushchev 10/11
Published: 2008/11/28
Channel: Proletarian TV
Jonathan Bowden - World War 2 Revisionism Part (1 of 4)
Jonathan Bowden - World War 2 Revisionism Part (1 of 4)
Published: 2014/03/29
Channel: HIGHLANDKING1
David Cole - The Truth Behind the Gates of Auschwitz
David Cole - The Truth Behind the Gates of Auschwitz
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: Red Ice TV
What is ANTIREVISIONISM? What does ANTIREVISIONISM mean? ANTIREVISIONISM meaning & explanation
What is ANTIREVISIONISM? What does ANTIREVISIONISM mean? ANTIREVISIONISM meaning & explanation
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: The Audiopedia
Richard Wolff  — Preeminent Marxist Economist on Capitalism, Socialism and Trump Inter Alia
Richard Wolff — Preeminent Marxist Economist on Capitalism, Socialism and Trump Inter Alia
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Lionel Nation
Mexie is a Communist (Marxist-Leninist).
Mexie is a Communist (Marxist-Leninist).
Published: 2017/12/05
Channel: à-bas-le-ciel
La chinoise - Revisionist
La chinoise - Revisionist
Published: 2016/03/07
Channel: David S.
The Difference Between Socialism, Communism, and Marxism Explained by a Marxist
The Difference Between Socialism, Communism, and Marxism Explained by a Marxist
Published: 2017/02/18
Channel: azureScapegoat
A Marxist Analysis of New Vegas: New California Republic
A Marxist Analysis of New Vegas: New California Republic
Published: 2014/08/26
Channel: Jason Unruhe
Jonathan Bowden - World War 2 Revisionism Part (2 of 4)
Jonathan Bowden - World War 2 Revisionism Part (2 of 4)
Published: 2014/03/29
Channel: HIGHLANDKING1
Revisionism as Defined by Academia
Revisionism as Defined by Academia
Published: 2013/10/04
Channel: MySuggestions4U
From Marxism to Civil Rights with Grace Lee Boggs
From Marxism to Civil Rights with Grace Lee Boggs
Published: 2013/06/15
Channel: TheLipTV
Sino-Soviet.Split: a product of revisionism
Sino-Soviet.Split: a product of revisionism
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: Connor Gillis
Lisa Simpson the Revisionist
Lisa Simpson the Revisionist
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: 420th Gommunist International
Jonathan Bowden: cultural communism, conceptual art, and Stewart Home
Jonathan Bowden: cultural communism, conceptual art, and Stewart Home
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: Demography Is Destiny
Communism their Goondaism, Negationism, Revisionism, Anti-Nationalism and Anti-Hinduism
Communism their Goondaism, Negationism, Revisionism, Anti-Nationalism and Anti-Hinduism
Published: 2014/12/29
Channel: SaveIndia
The Marx Nobody Knows | Gary North
The Marx Nobody Knows | Gary North
Published: 2015/05/18
Channel: LibertyInOurTime
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Eduard Bernstein, early revisionist

Within the Marxist movement, the word revisionism is used to refer to various ideas, principles and theories that are based on a significant revision of fundamental Marxist premises.[1]

The term is most often used by those Marxists who believe that such revisions are unwarranted and represent a "watering down" or abandonment of Marxism—one such common example is the negation of class struggle.[2] As such, revisionism often carries pejorative connotations and the term has been used by many different factions. It is typically applied to others and rarely as a self-description. By extension, people who view themselves as fighting against revisionism have often self-identified as anti-revisionists.

History[edit]

The term "revisionism" has been used in a number of contexts to refer to different revisions (or claimed revisions) of Marxist theory.

19th century[edit]

In the late 19th century, revisionism was used to describe democratic socialist writers such as Eduard Bernstein and Jean Jaurès, who sought to revise Karl Marx's ideas about the transition to socialism and claimed that a revolution through force was not necessary to achieve a socialist society.[3] The views of Bernstein and Jaurès gave rise to reformist theory, which asserts that socialism can be achieved through gradual peaceful reforms from within a capitalist system.[4]

1920s and 1930s[edit]

In the 1920s and 1930s, the International Left Opposition led by Leon Trotsky, which had been expelled from the Communist International, accused the leadership of the Comintern and Soviet Union of revising the internationalist principles of Marxism and Leninism in favor of the aspirations of an elite bureaucratic caste which had come to power in the Soviet Union.[5] The Trotskyists saw the nascent Stalinist bureaucracy as a roadblock on the proletariat's path to world socialist revolution and to the shifting policies of the Comintern, they counterposed the Marxist theory of permanent revolution. Meanwhile, the Soviet authorities labeled the Trotskyists as "revisionists" and eventually expelled them from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, whereupon the Trotskyists founded their Fourth International.

1940s and 1950s[edit]

In the 1940s and 1950s within the international communist movement, revisionism was a term used by Stalinists to describe communists who focused on consumer goods production instead of heavy industry; accepted national differences instead of promoting proletarian internationalism; and encouraged liberal reforms instead of remaining faithful to established doctrine. Revisionism was also one of the charges leveled at Titoists as punishment for their pursuit of a relatively independent communist ideology, amidst a series of post-World War II purges beginning in 1949 in Eastern Europe by the Soviet administration under Stalin. After Stalin's death, a more democracy form of socialism briefly became acceptable in Hungary during Imre Nagy's government (1953–1955) and in Poland during Władysław Gomułka's government, containing ideas that the rest of the Soviet bloc and the Soviet Union itself variously considered revisionist, although neither Nagy nor Gomułka described themselves as revisionists, since to do so would have been self-deprecating.

After the 1956 Secret Speech that denounced Stalin, many communist activists, astounded and disheartened by what they saw as the betrayal of Marxist–Leninist principles by the very people who had founded them, resigned from western communist parties in protest.[citation needed] These quitters were sometimes accused of revisionism by those communists who remained in these parties, although some of these same loyalists also shortly thereafter split from the same communist parties in the 1960s to become the New Left "anti-revisionists",[citation needed] indicating that they too were disillusioned by the actions of the Soviet Union by that point in time. Most of those who left in the 1960s started aligning themselves with Mao Zedong as opposed to the Soviet Union.[citation needed] An example was E. P. Thompson's New Reasoner.[citation needed]

1960s[edit]

In the early 1960s, Mao Zedong and the Communist Party of China revived the term revisionism (Chinese: 修正主义 xiūzhèng zhǔyì, "doctrine correction") to attack Nikita Khrushchev and the Soviet Union over various ideological and political issues, as part of the Sino-Soviet split. The Chinese routinely described the Soviets as "modern revisionists" through the 1960s. This usage was copied by the various Maoist groups that split off from communist parties around the world. In 1978, the Sino-Albanian split occurred, which caused Enver Hoxha, the General Secretary of Albania, to also condemn Maoism as revisionist. This caused a split in the Maoist movement, with some following the Albanian Party of Labour's line, most notably the Communist Party of New Zealand and the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist–Leninist).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary Revisionism 1. "A policy first put forward in the 1890s by Edward Bernstein (1850–1932) advocating the introduction of socialism through evolution rather than revolution, in opposition to the orthodox view of Marxists; hence a term of abuse used within the communist world for an interpretation of Marxism which is felt to threaten the canonical policy." with the first use in English "1903 Social-Democrat VII. 84 (heading) Revisionism in Germany."
  2. ^ [https://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/mao/works/1964/phnycom.htm |MAO TSE-TUNG July 1964 On Khrushchov’s Phoney Communism and Its Historical Lessons for the World: ... the revisionist Khrushchov clique base themselves mainly on the argument that .. class struggle no longer exists.
  3. ^ Vgl. Wolfgang Eichhorn: Über Eduard Bernstein. Gegensatz und Berührungspunkte zu Rosa Luxemburg und W. I. Lenin, in: Jahrbuch für Forschungen zur Geschichte der Arbeiterbewegung, No. I/2002.
  4. ^ Philip P. Wiener (ed). Dictionary of the History of Ideas, Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, in 1973–74. R. K. Kindersley Marxist revisionism: From Bernstein to modern forms, website of the University of Virginia Library. Accessed 28 April 2008
  5. ^ Leon Trotsky. The Third International After Lenin, The Militant, 1929. Accessed 14 March 2010

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