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Revisionism VS Marxism part 1 What is revisionism
Revisionism VS Marxism part 1 What is revisionism
Published: 2016/02/20
Channel: Peter Korman
The Final Aim is Nothing: The Politics of Revisionism and Anti-revisionism
The Final Aim is Nothing: The Politics of Revisionism and Anti-revisionism
Published: 2016/04/03
Channel: Enaa
Revisionism and Pseudo-Marxism
Revisionism and Pseudo-Marxism
Published: 2010/07/03
Channel: RedTroop1917
RockingMRE: Revisionism regarding Karl Marx
RockingMRE: Revisionism regarding Karl Marx
Published: 2013/01/21
Channel: DemocraticSocialist01
Political Ideologies VII- Utilitarianism, Marxism, Revisionism
Political Ideologies VII- Utilitarianism, Marxism, Revisionism
Published: 2011/05/05
Channel: APEuroND
socialism revisionism and neo revisionism
socialism revisionism and neo revisionism
Published: 2015/01/28
Channel: StMarksGov&Politics
A Quick Refutation of Yugoslavia
A Quick Refutation of Yugoslavia's "Self Management" System
Published: 2014/10/08
Channel: Jason Unruhe
Kaiser interviews Karl Marx - The Revisionist (S01E01)
Kaiser interviews Karl Marx - The Revisionist (S01E01)
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: s70rk
What is CRITICAL THEORY? What does CRITICAL THEORY mean? CRITICAL THEORY meaning & definition
What is CRITICAL THEORY? What does CRITICAL THEORY mean? CRITICAL THEORY meaning & definition
Published: 2016/06/21
Channel: The Audiopedia
Anti-revisionism
Anti-revisionism
Published: 2016/05/10
Channel: Video Empress
Anthropological Revisionism
Anthropological Revisionism
Published: 2013/09/16
Channel: Rocking MrE
Revisionism Meaning
Revisionism Meaning
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: SDictionary
Richard Wolff  — Preeminent Marxist Economist on Capitalism, Socialism and Trump Inter Alia
Richard Wolff — Preeminent Marxist Economist on Capitalism, Socialism and Trump Inter Alia
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Lionel Nation
RedScare & Red North Scott-Attacking Revisionism and False Marxists
RedScare & Red North Scott-Attacking Revisionism and False Marxists
Published: 2014/06/27
Channel: RedScare TV
What is ANTIREVISIONISM? What does ANTIREVISIONISM mean? ANTIREVISIONISM meaning & explanation
What is ANTIREVISIONISM? What does ANTIREVISIONISM mean? ANTIREVISIONISM meaning & explanation
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: The Audiopedia
Listen to A Black Conservative Tell You Why Removing Confederate Statues is Revisionist History
Listen to A Black Conservative Tell You Why Removing Confederate Statues is Revisionist History
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Anthony Brian Logan
A Marxist Analysis of New Vegas: New California Republic
A Marxist Analysis of New Vegas: New California Republic
Published: 2014/08/26
Channel: Jason Unruhe
Marxism-Leninism vs. Trotskyism
Marxism-Leninism vs. Trotskyism
Published: 2008/12/06
Channel: FMPVideoZone
Stalin
Stalin's 'revisionism' - Khrushchev 10/11
Published: 2008/11/28
Channel: Proletarian TV
Andrey R. Bens: 10/17/16- w/Luis Marrero: Economics vs Cultural Marxism, Historical Revisionism
Andrey R. Bens: 10/17/16- w/Luis Marrero: Economics vs Cultural Marxism, Historical Revisionism
Published: 2016/10/17
Channel: Andrey R. Bens
The dismantelling of the USSR
The dismantelling of the USSR
Published: 2013/09/23
Channel: Красное ТВ
MARXISM LENINISM MAOISM
MARXISM LENINISM MAOISM
Published: 2016/10/16
Channel: Kurdi Şoreşger
Reform or Revolution by Rosa Luxemburg Audiobook [English] | Audible Socialism
Reform or Revolution by Rosa Luxemburg Audiobook [English] | Audible Socialism
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: Audible Socialism
Let
Let's Paly: Poker Night 2 - Part 1 Soviet Lands
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: munggipossu
Revisionist History of Nazi Germany
Revisionist History of Nazi Germany
Published: 2011/11/08
Channel: A Batey
"On Khrushchev’s Phoney Communism and Its Historical Lessons for the World" by MAO TSE-TUNG Jul 1964
"On Khrushchev’s Phoney Communism and Its Historical Lessons for the World" by MAO TSE-TUNG Jul 1964
Published: 2015/06/22
Channel: Marxist-Leninist Theory
Hoxhaism
Hoxhaism
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: WikiAudio
Chairman Jimmy Dore
Chairman Jimmy Dore
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: Socialist Justice Warrior
Why American Communists Should Join the PCUSA
Why American Communists Should Join the PCUSA
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: Connor Gillis
China: Before, During, and After Socialism
China: Before, During, and After Socialism
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: Red Vanguard Radio
How Did the Cold War End?
How Did the Cold War End?
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: Mr. Beat
John Lash - Eight Unifying Points for Truth Seekers & Knowledge Holders
John Lash - Eight Unifying Points for Truth Seekers & Knowledge Holders
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: Red Ice TV
Jonathan Bowden - World War 2 & Holocaust Revisionism. (Full)
Jonathan Bowden - World War 2 & Holocaust Revisionism. (Full)
Published: 2015/08/31
Channel: CelticAngloPress [Scotland]
Marxist Historiography Explained
Marxist Historiography Explained
Published: 2014/10/23
Channel: Nick Shepley
Stalin has a gun
Stalin has a gun
Published: 2017/02/04
Channel: Schnitz Productions
The Jewish Question [Crucifixion, Holocaust, Israel]
The Jewish Question [Crucifixion, Holocaust, Israel]
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: Love Life And Anarchy
Jonathan Bowden: cultural communism, conceptual art, and Stewart Home
Jonathan Bowden: cultural communism, conceptual art, and Stewart Home
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: Demography Is Destiny
The Dangerous Tone of US Media and Revisionist History Towards Korea
The Dangerous Tone of US Media and Revisionist History Towards Korea
Published: 2017/02/25
Channel: Lionel Nation
Trotskyism or Leninism?
Trotskyism or Leninism?
Published: 2012/01/24
Channel: Proletarian TV
How Should History Be Taught In Schools, Studied, and Written? Howard Zinn on Interpretation (1997)
How Should History Be Taught In Schools, Studied, and Written? Howard Zinn on Interpretation (1997)
Published: 2013/12/23
Channel: The Film Archives
☭ ASMR ☭ Chapter 1 ☭ Communist Manifesto ☭ Karl Marx | Whisper
☭ ASMR ☭ Chapter 1 ☭ Communist Manifesto ☭ Karl Marx | Whisper
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: DreamsiclesASMR
Kievan Rus
Kievan Rus': 12/27/15-Ryan Dawson, Wars, identity politics, Historical Revisionism, Left vs. Right
Published: 2015/12/28
Channel: Andrey R. Bens
☭✦ ASMR ✦☭ Part 1 The Modern Revisionists... ✦ Enver Hoxha ✦
☭✦ ASMR ✦☭ Part 1 The Modern Revisionists... ✦ Enver Hoxha ✦
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: DreamsiclesASMR
Kasama, a counter-revolutionary project
Kasama, a counter-revolutionary project
Published: 2012/11/26
Channel: GINANDJUCHE
Anti Stalin, Anti Communism, Anti Stalinism -Che Guevara vs. Stalinists!
Anti Stalin, Anti Communism, Anti Stalinism -Che Guevara vs. Stalinists!
Published: 2010/10/09
Channel: Whisler Shalona
FARC  PURE EVIL
FARC PURE EVIL ''IN THE NAME OF MARXISM-LENINISM'' STALINIST=TERRORIST! workergirls
Published: 2010/10/09
Channel: Whisler Shalona
Mao rehabilitated Deng Xiaoping
Mao rehabilitated Deng Xiaoping
Published: 2013/12/14
Channel: MarxLeninKimilsung
Mind Control 101 - Fake News, Illuminati, common core, communism, marxism, socialism
Mind Control 101 - Fake News, Illuminati, common core, communism, marxism, socialism
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: The Supernatural - God is NOT dead
No to historical revisionism, part 1
No to historical revisionism, part 1
Published: 2016/04/15
Channel: AteneoDeManilaUniversity UCPRO
Communist Manifesto 2012
Communist Manifesto 2012
Published: 2012/07/19
Channel: Proletarian TV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Eduard Bernstein, early revisionist.

Within the Marxist movement, the word revisionism is used to refer to various ideas, principles and theories that are based on a significant revision of fundamental Marxist premises.[1] The term is most often used by those Marxists who believe that such revisions are unwarranted and represent a "watering down" or abandonment of Marxism. As such, revisionism often carries pejorative connotations and the term has been used by many different factions. It is typically applied to others and rarely as a self-description. In contrast, people who view themselves as fighting against revisionism have often self-identified as anti-revisionists.

History[edit]

The term "revisionism" has been used in a number of contexts to refer to different revisions (or claimed revisions) of Marxist theory.

19th century[edit]

In the late 19th century, revisionism was used to describe democratic socialist writers such as Eduard Bernstein and Jean Jaurès, who sought to revise Karl Marx's ideas about the transition to socialism and claimed that a revolution through force was not necessary to achieve a socialist society.[2] The views of Bernstein and Jaurès gave rise to reformist theory, which asserts that socialism can be achieved through gradual peaceful reforms from within a capitalist system.[3]

1920s & 1930s[edit]

In the 1920s and 1930s, the International Left Opposition led by Leon Trotsky, which had been expelled from the Communist International, accused the leadership of the Comintern and Soviet Union of revising the internationalist principles of Marxism and Leninism in favor of the aspirations of an elite bureaucratic caste which had come to power in the Soviet Union.[4] The Trotskyists saw the nascent Stalinist bureaucracy as a roadblock on the proletariat's path to world socialist revolution, and to the shifting policies of the Comintern, they counterposed the Marxist theory of Permanent Revolution. The Soviet authorities, meanwhile, labeled the Trotskyists as "revisionists" and eventually expelled them from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, whereupon the Trotskyists founded their Fourth International.

1940s & 1950s[edit]

In the 1940s and 1950s within the international communist movement, revisionism was a term used by Stalinists to describe communists who focused on consumer goods production instead of heavy industry; accepted national differences instead of promoting proletarian internationalism; and encouraged liberal reforms instead of remaining faithful to established doctrine. Revisionism was also one of the charges leveled at Titoists as punishment for their pursuit of a relatively independent communist ideology, amidst a series of post-World War 2 purges beginning in 1949 in Eastern Europe by the Soviet administration under Stalin. After Stalin's death, a more democratic form of socialism briefly became acceptable in Hungary during Imre Nagy's government (1953–1955) and in Poland during Władysław Gomułka's government, containing ideas that the rest of the Soviet bloc, and the Soviet Union itself, variously considered revisionist, although neither Nagy nor Gomułka described themselves as revisionists, since to do so would have been self-deprecating.

After the 1956 Secret Speech that denounced Stalin, many communist activists, astounded and disheartened by what they saw as the betrayal of Marxist-Leninist principles by the very people who had founded them, resigned from western communist parties in protest.[citation needed] These quitters were sometimes accused of revisionism by those communists who remained in these parties, although some of these same loyalists also shortly thereafter split from the same communist parties in the 1960s to become the New Left "anti-revisionists",[citation needed] indicating that they, too, were disillusioned by the actions of the Soviet Union by that point in time. Most of those who left in the 1960s started aligning themselves with Mao Zedong as opposed to the Soviet Union.[citation needed] An example was E. P. Thompson's New Reasoner.[citation needed]

1960s[edit]

In the early 1960s, Mao Zedong and the Communist Party of China revived the term revisionism to attack Nikita Khrushchev and the Soviet Union over various ideological and political issues, as part of the Sino-Soviet split. The Chinese routinely described the Soviets as "modern revisionists" through the 1960s. This usage was copied by the various Maoist groups that split off from communist parties around the world. In 1978, the Sino-Albanian Split occurred, which caused Enver Hoxha, the General Secretary of Albania, to also condemn Maoism as revisionist. This caused a split in the Maoist movement, with some following the Albanian Party of Labour's line, most notably the Communist Party of New Zealand and the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary Revisionism 1. "A policy first put forward in the 1890s by Edward Bernstein (1850–1932) advocating the introduction of socialism through evolution rather than revolution, in opposition to the orthodox view of Marxists; hence a term of abuse used within the communist world for an interpretation of Marxism which is felt to threaten the canonical policy." with the first use in English "1903 Social-Democrat VII. 84 (heading) Revisionism in Germany."
  2. ^ Vgl. Wolfgang Eichhorn: Über Eduard Bernstein. Gegensatz und Berührungspunkte zu Rosa Luxemburg und W. I. Lenin, in: Jahrbuch für Forschungen zur Geschichte der Arbeiterbewegung, No. I/2002.
  3. ^ Philip P. Wiener (ed). Dictionary of the History of Ideas, Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, in 1973–74. R. K. Kindersley Marxist revisionism: From Bernstein to modern forms, website of the University of Virginia Library. Accessed 28 April 2008
  4. ^ Leon Trotsky. The Third International After Lenin, The Militant, 1929. Accessed 14 March 2010

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