New synthesis of communism|
|International affiliation||None (formerly the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement)|
The Revolutionary Communist Party, USA (RCP, USA) is a far-left political party in the United States founded in 1975 and led by its chairman Bob Avakian. Coming out of the New Communist movement, the party organizes for a revolution in the United States. Avakian's new synthesis of communism is the RCP's ideological framework and political foundation, which it considers a scientific advancement of Marxism–Leninism–Maoism. The RCP is notable for its various coalition groups focusing on a number of specific political issues, such as anti-imperialism, women's liberation, anti-racism, and anti-fascism.
In the 1980s and 1990s, the RCP was a part of the now-defunct Revolutionary Internationalist Movement (RIM), an international grouping of Maoist parties. The RIM published A World to Win news service from 1981 to 2006, but since its dissolution the publication is now updated on the RCP website.
During this time, the RCP mounted the October 22 Coalition to End Police Brutality. In 2005, it formed the anti-war group The World Can't Wait in response to the American invasion of Iraq. In 2012, party member Sunsara Taylor led the group Stop Patriarchy, a coalition responding to the war on women. The RCP's national spokesperson Carl Dix co-initiated The Stop Mass Incarceration Network in 2014 with Cornel West as a response to police brutality. Later that year, Cornel West and Bob Avakian took part in a filmed discussion on "Religion and Revolution".
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In the 1960s, Avakian along with H. Bruce Franklin and Stephen Charles Hamilton formed the Bay Area Revolutionary Union (BARU), which was subsequently able to absorb a series of similar local collectives which had developed out of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS). The new nationwide structure allowed BARU to change its name to simply the Revolutionary Union (RU). The RCP claims that of the various groups coming out of SDS, it was the first to seriously attempt to develop itself both at the theoretical level, with the publication of Red Papers 1. This turn to 1970s "point of production" organizing was a broader phenomenon which was expanded throughout the Midwest and into the Appalachian coal fields during the wildcat upsurges[unreliable source?] through 1980.[original research?]
A number of Maoist groups and others have charged that the RCP has created a cult of personality around Bob Avakian. Mic has called it "a communist doomsday cult that is obsessed with Avakian". Alternatively, San Francisco Chronicle has written of Avakian as “the marathon man of the international anti-imperialist struggle". Responding to the detractors, party member Sunsara Taylor has said: "The idea of 'cult of personality', or skewering people without bringing substance to what we're confronting, is part of a snark culture that’s very destructive".
The RCP releases daily updates online and a periodic print edition of its weekly newspaper, Revolution (formerly called Revolutionary Worker, 1979–2005) which is published in English and Spanish and has been published continuously since 1979.
In December 2016, party members and others co-initiated Refuse Fascism, a coalition group opposed to the presidency of Donald Trump. The statement was used by InfoWars and other far-right conspiracy theory websites to claim that RCP and Refuse Fascism were organizing a military overthrow of the government on November 4, 2017. Several anti-Trump protest marches were organized for that day, which passed without incident.
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