Play Video
1
Cooking Book Review: Simple French Food by Richard Olney, Patricia Wells, James Beard
Cooking Book Review: Simple French Food by Richard Olney, Patricia Wells, James Beard
::2012/10/17::
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2
Cooking Book Review: Provence: the Beautiful Cookbook by Richard Olney
Cooking Book Review: Provence: the Beautiful Cookbook by Richard Olney
::2012/08/14::
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3
"Keep Hope Alive" with Dr. Richard Olney & Alan Rosenberg
"Keep Hope Alive" with Dr. Richard Olney & Alan Rosenberg
::2012/02/07::
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4
Olney Slideshow
Olney Slideshow
::2014/05/27::
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5
Low Tech Testimonial
Low Tech Testimonial
::2010/08/18::
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6
Baseball Tonight Podcast with Buster Olney May 15,2014
Baseball Tonight Podcast with Buster Olney May 15,2014
::2014/05/16::
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7
David Olney "You Never Know" (April 9, 2013) weekly web series
David Olney "You Never Know" (April 9, 2013) weekly web series
::2013/04/09::
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8
David Olney Interview
David Olney Interview
::2012/04/18::
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9
David Olney "You Never Know" (July 23, 2014) weekly web series
David Olney "You Never Know" (July 23, 2014) weekly web series
::2014/07/23::
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10
David Olney "You Never Know" (August 5, 2014) weekly web series
David Olney "You Never Know" (August 5, 2014) weekly web series
::2014/08/05::
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11
David Olney "You Never Know" (April 29, 2014) weekly web series
David Olney "You Never Know" (April 29, 2014) weekly web series
::2014/04/29::
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12
David Olney "You Never Know" (April 1, 2014) weekly web series
David Olney "You Never Know" (April 1, 2014) weekly web series
::2014/04/01::
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13
David Olney "You Never Know" (February 18, 2014) weekly web series
David Olney "You Never Know" (February 18, 2014) weekly web series
::2014/02/18::
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14
The Olney Report     Dr. Buss
The Olney Report Dr. Buss
::2013/02/27::
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15
David Olney "You Never Know" (October 8, 2013) weekly web series
David Olney "You Never Know" (October 8, 2013) weekly web series
::2013/10/08::
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16
April 30, 2000 Olney, Texas Tornado
April 30, 2000 Olney, Texas Tornado
::2011/07/25::
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17
David Olney "You Never Know" (April 22, 2014) weekly web series
David Olney "You Never Know" (April 22, 2014) weekly web series
::2014/04/22::
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18
David Olney "You Never Know" (March 18, 2014) weekly web series
David Olney "You Never Know" (March 18, 2014) weekly web series
::2014/03/18::
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19
David Olney "You Never Know" (January 21, 2014) weekly web series
David Olney "You Never Know" (January 21, 2014) weekly web series
::2014/01/21::
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20
Olney One VLM triumph.wmv
Olney One VLM triumph.wmv
::2012/04/24::
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21
Interview with Lois Olney
Interview with Lois Olney
::2010/02/06::
Play Video
22
David Olney "You Never Know" (October 1, 2013) weekly web series
David Olney "You Never Know" (October 1, 2013) weekly web series
::2013/10/01::
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23
David Olney - No Trace
David Olney - No Trace
::2014/02/24::
Play Video
24
David Olney - Blue Grey Eyes
David Olney - Blue Grey Eyes
::2014/02/28::
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25
HOW TO SUCCEED... at Olney Theatre Center
HOW TO SUCCEED... at Olney Theatre Center
::2014/02/07::
Play Video
26
David Olney "You Never Know" (February 25, 2014) weekly web series
David Olney "You Never Know" (February 25, 2014) weekly web series
::2014/02/25::
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27
David Olney "You Never Know" (April 15, 2014) weekly web series
David Olney "You Never Know" (April 15, 2014) weekly web series
::2014/04/15::
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28
David Olney "You Never Know" (March 11, 2014) weekly web series
David Olney "You Never Know" (March 11, 2014) weekly web series
::2014/03/11::
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29
David Olney with Sergio Webb - Women Across The River
David Olney with Sergio Webb - Women Across The River
::2014/01/30::
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30
I AND YOU Now Playing at Olney Theatre Center
I AND YOU Now Playing at Olney Theatre Center
::2014/03/04::
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31
David Olney & Sergio Webb "Soldier of Misfortune"  G& S Lounge Austin Tx sxsw 2014  03/13/2014
David Olney & Sergio Webb "Soldier of Misfortune" G& S Lounge Austin Tx sxsw 2014 03/13/2014
::2014/03/15::
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32
Fallout 3 Broken Steel Gameplay in 4K, Part 166: Northeast Toward Olney Powerworks (Let
Fallout 3 Broken Steel Gameplay in 4K, Part 166: Northeast Toward Olney Powerworks (Let's Play, PC)
::2014/03/30::
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33
Buster Olney Correctly Predicts Jeff Hoffman to the Blue Jays on 104.5 The Team
Buster Olney Correctly Predicts Jeff Hoffman to the Blue Jays on 104.5 The Team
::2014/06/06::
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34
David Olney "You Never Know" (March 4, 2014) weekly web series
David Olney "You Never Know" (March 4, 2014) weekly web series
::2014/03/04::
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35
Keith Olney interview
Keith Olney interview
::2010/02/06::
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36
The Rime Of The Ancient Mariner Part The First - David Olney (Samuel Taylor Coleridge)
The Rime Of The Ancient Mariner Part The First - David Olney (Samuel Taylor Coleridge)
::2009/05/28::
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37
David Olney "Kubla Khan" (Samuel Taylor Coleridge)
David Olney "Kubla Khan" (Samuel Taylor Coleridge)
::2007/09/05::
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38
"Red Guitar" David Olney and Sergio Webb
"Red Guitar" David Olney and Sergio Webb
::2013/09/18::
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39
Kieran Kane w/ David Olney - "Don
Kieran Kane w/ David Olney - "Don't Try To Fight It" - Sept. 3, 2009
::2009/09/08::
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40
Olney vs. Marshall
Olney vs. Marshall
::2013/12/20::
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41
David Olney & special guest Christian Prechtl / Snowin
David Olney & special guest Christian Prechtl / Snowin' on Raton
::2014/01/24::
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42
PEDs, Hall of Fame, and the Genius of Joey Votto | Buster Olney and Jonah Keri
PEDs, Hall of Fame, and the Genius of Joey Votto | Buster Olney and Jonah Keri
::2013/03/04::
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43
Marty towing a car in Olney Phila Pa
Marty towing a car in Olney Phila Pa
::2010/03/16::
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44
David Olney "You Never Know" (January 7, 2014) weekly web series
David Olney "You Never Know" (January 7, 2014) weekly web series
::2014/01/07::
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45
David Olney ~ (Monks) They Can Kill You with Their Eyes Zi6 0641
David Olney ~ (Monks) They Can Kill You with Their Eyes Zi6 0641
::2013/11/26::
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46
David Olney and Forrest Rose, August 1st, 1995, set 2
David Olney and Forrest Rose, August 1st, 1995, set 2
::2013/12/13::
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47
David Olney - Update NEW Album Recording Project on Kickstarter
David Olney - Update NEW Album Recording Project on Kickstarter
::2013/11/25::
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48
David Olney and Forrest Rose, August 1st 95, set 1
David Olney and Forrest Rose, August 1st 95, set 1
::2013/12/13::
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49
David Olney ~ That
David Olney ~ That's What I'd Do Zi6 0634
::2013/11/25::
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David Olney - "Deeper Well"
David Olney - "Deeper Well"
::2009/04/27::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For other people named Richard Olney, see Richard Olney (disambiguation).
Richard Olney
Richard Olney, Bain bw photo portrait, 1913.jpg
40th United States Attorney General
In office
March 6, 1893 – June 10, 1895
President Grover Cleveland
Preceded by William H. H. Miller
Succeeded by Judson Harmon
34th United States Secretary of State
In office
June 7, 1895 – March 5, 1897
President Grover Cleveland
Preceded by Walter Q. Gresham
Succeeded by John Sherman
Personal details
Born (1835-09-15)September 15, 1835
Oxford, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died April 8, 1917(1917-04-08) (aged 81)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Agnes Park Thomas
Alma mater Brown University
Harvard Law School
Profession Lawyer, Politician
Religion Presbyterian

Richard Olney (September 15, 1835 – April 8, 1917) was an American statesman. He served as both United States Attorney General and Secretary of State under President Grover Cleveland. As attorney general, Olney used injunctions against striking workers in the Pullman strike, setting a precedent, and advised the use of federal troops, when legal means failed to control the strikers. As secretary of state, he raised the status of America in the world by elevating U.S. diplomatic posts to the status of embassy.

Early years[edit]

Olney was born into a family of means in Oxford, Massachusetts. His father was Wilson Olney, a textiles manufacturer and banker.[1] Shortly after his birth, the family moved to Louisville, Kentucky, until Olney was seven. The family then moved back to Oxford and Olney attended school at the Leicester Academy in Leicester.[1]

After completing his education there, he went to Brown University, where he graduated with high honors as class orator in 1856.[1] He then attended Harvard Law School, where he received a bachelor of laws degree in 1858.[1] In 1859, he passed the bar and began practicing law in Boston, attaining a reputation as an authority on probate, trust and corporate law.[1]

In 1861, Olney married Agnes Park Thomas of Boston, Massachusetts.[1]

He was a member of the Board of Selectmen of West Roxbury, Massachusetts and served one term in the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1874. He declined to run again, preferring to return to his law practice[1] In 1876, Olney inherited his father-in-law's Boston law practice and became involved in the business affairs of Boston’s elite families.[2] During the 1880s, Olney became one of the city’s leading railroad attorneys[2][3] and the general counsel for Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway.

Government office and later years[edit]

In March 1893, Olney became U.S. Attorney General and began to use the law to thwart working-class political movements.[2] He was asked by a former railroad employer if he could do something to get rid of the newly formed Interstate Commerce Commission.[3] He replied, "The Commission… is, or can be made, of great use to the railroads. It satisfies the popular clamor for a government supervision of the railroads, at the same time that that supervision is almost entirely nominal. Further, the older such a commission gets to be, the more inclined it will be found to take the business and railroad view of things.… The part of wisdom is not to destroy the Commission, but to utilize it."[3]

During the 1894 Pullman strike, Olney instructed the district attorneys to secure from the Federal Courts writs of injunction against striking railroad employees,[4] setting a precedent for "government by injunction". He ordered the Chicago district attorney to convene a grand jury to find cause to indict Eugene Debs and other labor leaders and sent federal marshals to protect rail traffic, ordering 150 marshalls deputized in Helena, Montana alone.[4] When the legal measures failed, he advised President Cleveland to send Federal troops to Chicago to quell the strike, over the objections of the governor of Illinois.[2] Olney argued that the government must prevent interference with its mails and with the general railway transportation between the states.

Upon the death of Secretary of State Walter Q. Gresham, Cleveland named Olney as his successor[2] on June 10, 1895. He quickly elevated U.S. foreign diplomatic posts to the title of embassy, thus making it official that the U.S. would be regarded as an equal of the world's greater nations. (Until that time, the United States had had only Legations, which diplomatic protocol dictated be treated as inferior to embassies.) He became specially prominent in the controversy with United Kingdom concerning the boundary dispute between the British and Venezuelan governments, and in his correspondence with Lord Salisbury gave the Olney interpretation, an extended interpretation of the Monroe Doctrine which went considerably beyond previous statements on the subject.

Olney returned to the practice of the law in 1897,[1] at the expiration of Cleveland's term.

In March 1913, Olney turned down President Wilson's offer to be the US Ambassador to Great Britain,[5] and later, in May 1914, when President Wilson offered Olney the Appointment as Governor of the Federal Reserve Board, he declined that appointment. Olney was unwilling to take on new responsibilities at his advanced age.[6]

Olney received the honorary degree of LL.D from Harvard and Brown in 1893 and from Yale University in 1901.[1] Olney was the uncle of Massachusetts Congressman Richard Olney II. Despite all these accolades, but on the personal side, author H.W. Brands in Bound to Empire, The United States and the Philippines,' wrote of Olney "having responded to a daughter's indiscretion by banishing her from his home, never to see her again, although they lived in the same city for thirty years." (p. 18).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Richard Olney Dies; Veteran Statesman" (PDF) The New York Times (April 10, 1917), page 13. Retrieved April 6, 2011
  2. ^ a b c d e "Richard Olney (1895–1897): Secretary of State" Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia. Retrieved April 6, 2011
  3. ^ a b c Thomas Frank, "Obama and 'Regulatory Capture'" The Wall Street Journal (June 24, 2010). Retrieved April 5, 2011
  4. ^ a b "Orders Sent to Indict Debs" (PDF) The New York Times (July 5, 1894). Retrieved April 6, 2011
  5. ^ "Olney Refuses Offer of London Embassy" (PDF) The New York Times (March 16, 1913), page 2. Retrieved April 6, 2011
  6. ^ "Wilson Seeks Head of Reserve Board" (PDF) The New York Times (May 6, 1914), page 14. Retrieved April 6, 2011

Bibliography[edit]

  • George B. Young, "Intervention Under the Monroe Doctrine: The Olney Corollary," Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 57, No. 2 (Jun., 1942), pp. 247–280 in JSTOR
Legal offices
Preceded by
William H. H. Miller
U.S. Attorney General
Served under: Grover Cleveland

1893–1895
Succeeded by
Judson Harmon
Political offices
Preceded by
Walter Q. Gresham
U.S. Secretary of State
Served under: Grover Cleveland

1895–1897
Succeeded by
John Sherman
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