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1
Laid up Ships in the River Fal
Laid up Ships in the River Fal
::2009/04/19::
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2
Packrafting on the River Fal 18 Mar 2013
Packrafting on the River Fal 18 Mar 2013
::2013/03/31::
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3
Kayak Trip - Looe Beach on the River Fal - Cornwall UK
Kayak Trip - Looe Beach on the River Fal - Cornwall UK
::2013/08/04::
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4
Bideford leaving River Fal, 7th November 2011
Bideford leaving River Fal, 7th November 2011
::2012/01/10::
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5
Massive ships laid up on the River Fal, Cornwall
Massive ships laid up on the River Fal, Cornwall
::2009/04/23::
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6
River Fal Trip on my Homemade Stitch and Glue Canoe
River Fal Trip on my Homemade Stitch and Glue Canoe
::2014/05/23::
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7
Perfect conditions as hundreds swim the River Fal for the RNLI
Perfect conditions as hundreds swim the River Fal for the RNLI
::2013/06/03::
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8
A concrete boat on the River Fal in Cornwall
A concrete boat on the River Fal in Cornwall
::2013/12/14::
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9
Uranium leaking into the River Fal in Cornwall on BBC Spotlight
Uranium leaking into the River Fal in Cornwall on BBC Spotlight
::2012/11/05::
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10
On the Cornish River Fal - Part II (with two extra passengers!)
On the Cornish River Fal - Part II (with two extra passengers!)
::2014/05/26::
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11
The Fal River
The Fal River
::2013/04/05::
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12
Packrafting the River Fal from Tresillian to Falmouth
Packrafting the River Fal from Tresillian to Falmouth
::2014/06/18::
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13
A Colourful Houseboat on the River Fal in Cornwall
A Colourful Houseboat on the River Fal in Cornwall
::2013/12/14::
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14
Falmouth RNLI rescue woman and her dog from River Fal
Falmouth RNLI rescue woman and her dog from River Fal
::2011/09/26::
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15
Bude leaving River Fal on 8th November 2011
Bude leaving River Fal on 8th November 2011
::2012/01/10::
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16
A Boat Trip on the River Fal
A Boat Trip on the River Fal
::2006/07/17::
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17
A 11lb 6oz Bull Huss caught and released on the river Fal
A 11lb 6oz Bull Huss caught and released on the river Fal
::2010/10/05::
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18
Nippers paddle the river Fal
Nippers paddle the river Fal
::2013/08/13::
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19
Red Lake Warriors vs. Northern Freeze @ REA Thief River Fal
Red Lake Warriors vs. Northern Freeze @ REA Thief River Fal
::2014/03/19::
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20
St Mawes, a walk by the River Fal on 3rd March 2011
St Mawes, a walk by the River Fal on 3rd March 2011
::2011/03/03::
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21
Shipping at River Fal
Shipping at River Fal
::2012/11/06::
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22
Laid Up Ships in the River Fal
Laid Up Ships in the River Fal
::2009/07/25::
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23
Large ship being towed up the River Fal
Large ship being towed up the River Fal
::2011/07/07::
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24
DJI Phantom Drone Flight, River Fal.
DJI Phantom Drone Flight, River Fal.
::2013/08/18::
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25
Cruise On The River Fal - 14/07/2009 (Part 2)
Cruise On The River Fal - 14/07/2009 (Part 2)
::2011/11/24::
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26
Fal River :: Ice on the river - Feb 2012
Fal River :: Ice on the river - Feb 2012
::2012/02/03::
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27
On the Cornish River Fal - Part I
On the Cornish River Fal - Part I
::2009/07/24::
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28
A Boat Trip up the River Fal 10th July 2010.m4v
A Boat Trip up the River Fal 10th July 2010.m4v
::2010/07/11::
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29
Flushing (River Fal) to St Just in Roseland in Miracle Dinghy
Flushing (River Fal) to St Just in Roseland in Miracle Dinghy
::2010/07/14::
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30
Fal River :: The King Harry Ferry
Fal River :: The King Harry Ferry
::2014/03/27::
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31
A WATERBORNE BLOB OF CORNISH CLOTTED CREAM - THE FAL RIVER CRUISE
A WATERBORNE BLOB OF CORNISH CLOTTED CREAM - THE FAL RIVER CRUISE
::2013/08/03::
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32
Fal River :: Enterprise Boats Classic River Trips
Fal River :: Enterprise Boats Classic River Trips
::2014/03/27::
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33
17b Up the River Fal
17b Up the River Fal
::2014/06/20::
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34
Cruise On The River Fal - 14/07/2009 (Part 1)
Cruise On The River Fal - 14/07/2009 (Part 1)
::2011/11/24::
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35
Fal River Video
Fal River Video
::2013/10/17::
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36
Fal River Christmas Special 2012
Fal River Christmas Special 2012
::2012/12/20::
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37
Fal River Festival 3 Choirs
Fal River Festival 3 Choirs
::2011/06/01::
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38
River Fal Art Trail
River Fal Art Trail
::2011/06/16::
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39
Fal River Festival Slideshow
Fal River Festival Slideshow
::2009/11/13::
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40
Fal River Festival 27th- produced by Smart Exposure
Fal River Festival 27th- produced by Smart Exposure
::2011/05/28::
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41
Fal River :: Discover the Roseland with Place Ferry
Fal River :: Discover the Roseland with Place Ferry
::2014/06/19::
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42
Fal River :: St Mawes Ferry
Fal River :: St Mawes Ferry
::2014/03/27::
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43
river fal timelapse.avi
river fal timelapse.avi
::2010/01/09::
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44
Fal River Drowning Victim
Fal River Drowning Victim
::2011/06/30::
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45
Ships  from around the world laid up on the Fal River
Ships from around the world laid up on the Fal River
::2009/04/21::
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46
Redundant ships moored in Fal river.
Redundant ships moored in Fal river.
::2011/10/03::
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47
Fal River Festival Beer Fleet 2013  (Created with Magisto)
Fal River Festival Beer Fleet 2013 (Created with Magisto)
::2013/05/27::
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48
Film on the Fal (Fal River Festival 2011)
Film on the Fal (Fal River Festival 2011)
::2011/06/04::
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49
Fal River Autumn Walking Festival Interview One
Fal River Autumn Walking Festival Interview One
::2011/01/21::
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50
Fal River Festival 29th May 2011
Fal River Festival 29th May 2011
::2011/05/30::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
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River Fal
DSCN2008FlushingRainbow.jpg
Flushing, from Fish Strand Quay, Falmouth, with rainbow
Origin Goss Moor
Mouth Carrick Roads
The River Fal at Devoran

The River Fal (Cornish: Dowr Fala) flows through Cornwall, England, rising at Pentevale (more correctly Pentivale [1] ) (Cornish: Penfenten Fala, meaning head spring of the Fal) on Goss Moor (between St. Columb and Roche) and reaching the English Channel at Falmouth. On or near the banks of the Fal are the castles of Pendennis and St Mawes as well as Trelissick Garden. The River Fal separates the Roseland peninsula from the rest of Cornwall. Like most of its kind on the south coast of Cornwall and Devon, the Fal estuary is a classic ria, or drowned river valley. The Fal estuary from Tregony to the Truro River was originally called Hafaraell (Cornish: Havarel, meaning fallow place).

Toponymy[edit]

The origin and meaning of the name of the river are unknown. The earliest occurrences of the name are in documents of AD 969 and 1049. Falmouth, a town which was named Smithwick until the 17th century, is named after the River Fal.[2] The word Fal in Cornish may refer to a prince, or on the other hand to a spade or shovel.[3]

History[edit]

The river mouth and Falmouth harbour served as an anchorage in the immediate years after the Second World War for scores of laid-up Royal Navy vessels (including battleships, carriers, and cruisers) awaiting sale for scrap. Its size and depth of water made it ideal for this use.[citation needed]

The River Fal suffered a severe, high profile pollution accident in February 1992, when a nearby tin mine was flooded. The river turned red and an extensive cleaning-up operation was needed to decontaminate the water.[1] During times of reduced global trade, ships are mothballed in the upper parts of the estuary of the River Fal.[4] The ships, using the Fal estuary due to its depth and protection from the elements,[4] keep a skeleton crew for ship maintenance.[5] A large number of ships were moored in the estuary during the late-2000s financial crisis, as falling global trade meant a smaller demand for trade ships. Falmouth Harbour authority charges companies for usage of the river, until the ships are either reactivated, scrapped or sold.[5]

Geography and hydrology[edit]

The catchment of the Fal is predominantly Devonian slates, shales and grits, with granite in the upper reaches. Land use is mainly agricultural with some woodland.[6]

Tributaries of the River Fal include the River Truro, River Kennal, River Penryn and River Carnon. Several tidal creeks discharge into the River Fal including Mylor Creek, Pill Creek, Penpol Creek and Restronguet Creek. The river flows through the Carrick Roads, a large ria that creates a natural harbour. The waterway is navigable between Falmouth and Truro. The river is crossed by the King Harry Ferry, a vehicular chain ferry that links the villages of Feock and Philleigh approximately equidistant between Truro and Falmouth.

Wildlife and conservation[edit]

Five Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) have been designated along the River Fal. The river rises on Goss Moor which is both a National Nature Reserve and part of a SSSI. The wetland habitats and western dry heath communities were formed, since the Bronze Age, by the mining of the alluvial tin deposits.[7] South Terras Mine SSSI is also a Geological Conservation Review (GCR) site of national importance and was once a commercial uranium mine. The Crowhill Valley SSSI between Grampound and St Stephen is an ancient woodland dominated by sessile oak on the slopes, and of willow and alder carr on the floodplain which has a rich ground flora. The species list includes many ancient woodland indicators including lichens such as Parmelia endochlora.[8]

The Upper Fal Estuary and Woods SSSI is mostly within the tidal area of the river between Tregony and Turnaware Point and includes mudflats, salt marsh and ancient woodland. The mudflats support nationally important numbers of Black-tailed Godwit as well as large populations of wintering waders and wildfowl such as Curlew and Golden Plover. A series of transition zones occur from the salt marsh to scrub, where young trees attempt to grow despite the threat of the highest tides, to ancient woodland on the higher slopes. These zones and the estuary itself are important for otter.[9] The lowest part of the Fal along with the Helford River is designated as the Fal and Helford Special Area of Conservation under the Habitats Directive for the shallow bays and inlets, sandbanks and mudflats, and for its salt marshes. Part of the area is also designated as an Important Plant Area and a SSSI (Lower Fal & Helford Intertidal) for the relatively undisturbed transitions from tidal mud through saltmarsh and scrub to woodland.[10][11][12]

Recreation[edit]

The River Fal is accessible for kayaking.[13]

Towns and villages on the Fal[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.streetmap.co.uk/map.srf?x=198965&y=58825&z=115&sv=198965,58825&st=4&ar=y&mapp=map.srf&searchp=ids.srf&dn=855&ax=198965&ay=58825&lm=0
  2. ^ Ekwall, E. (1940) The Concise Dictionary of English Place-names; 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press; p. 165
  3. ^ Robert Williams, ed., Lexicon cornu-britannicum: a dictionary of the ancient Celtic language of Cornwall (London, 1865).
  4. ^ a b Bushill, Alex (8 May 2009). "Ships shelter from economic storm". BBC News (BBC). Retrieved 8 May 2009. 
  5. ^ a b "Increase in lay-ups as slump continues". Falmouth Packet. Newsquest. Retrieved 29 March 2012. 
  6. ^ "Fal at Tregony". Natural Environment Research Council. Retrieved 9 February 2010. 
  7. ^ "Goss Moor NNR". http://www.naturalengland.org.uk/ourwork/conservation/designatedareas/nnr/1006062.aspx. Natural England. 
  8. ^ "Crowhill Valley SSSI". Natural England. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  9. ^ "Upper Fal Estuary and Woods". Natural England. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  10. ^ "Fal and Helford". Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  11. ^ "Fal and Helford". Plantlife. Retrieved 7 February 2012. 
  12. ^ "Lower Fal & Helford Intertidal". Natural England. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  13. ^ "Guide to the River Fal". The UK rivers guidebook. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 

Coordinates: 50°15′N 4°57′W / 50.250°N 4.950°W / 50.250; -4.950

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