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THE FAL RIVER CRUISE (TRURO - FALMOUTH)
THE FAL RIVER CRUISE (TRURO - FALMOUTH)
Published: 2013/08/03
Channel: Cornishpastyman
Large ship being towed up the River Fal
Large ship being towed up the River Fal
Published: 2011/07/07
Channel: Carol White
A Drone
A Drone's View - River Fal (4k)
Published: 2015/03/05
Channel: DroneScope
The Tidal River Fal
The Tidal River Fal
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: Mike Miller
Massive ships laid up on the River Fal, Cornwall
Massive ships laid up on the River Fal, Cornwall
Published: 2009/04/23
Channel: Paul Knowles
The Fal and Truro Rivers: A Destination Guide From Visit Cornwall
The Fal and Truro Rivers: A Destination Guide From Visit Cornwall
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: Visit Cornwall
River Fal
River Fal
Published: 2012/10/28
Channel: Julia Preece
Laid up Ships in the River Fal
Laid up Ships in the River Fal
Published: 2009/04/19
Channel: VisitCornwallTV
Wandering Steve solo sailor heading Up the River Fal to an anchorage.
Wandering Steve solo sailor heading Up the River Fal to an anchorage.
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: Wandering Steve
Packrafting the River Fal from Tresillian to Falmouth
Packrafting the River Fal from Tresillian to Falmouth
Published: 2014/06/18
Channel: Ashley Hold
DJI Phantom Drone Flight, River Fal.
DJI Phantom Drone Flight, River Fal.
Published: 2013/08/18
Channel: Paul Abbott
Loe Beach - Pill Creek and River Fal
Loe Beach - Pill Creek and River Fal
Published: 2015/03/08
Channel: The Cornish Coast
A concrete boat on the River Fal in Cornwall
A concrete boat on the River Fal in Cornwall
Published: 2013/12/14
Channel: Christian Comedy Channel
Laid Up Ships in the River Fal
Laid Up Ships in the River Fal
Published: 2009/07/25
Channel: lonegroover
River Fal kayak and slip n
River Fal kayak and slip n' slide
Published: 2016/08/24
Channel: Maitriix
Exploring the River Fal
Exploring the River Fal
Published: 2016/01/11
Channel: Wayfarer2312
Uranium leaking into the River Fal in Cornwall on BBC Spotlight
Uranium leaking into the River Fal in Cornwall on BBC Spotlight
Published: 2012/11/05
Channel: Kings Cliffe Waste Watchers
Fishing for Whiting in the Fal River: Estuary Fishing Ep1
Fishing for Whiting in the Fal River: Estuary Fishing Ep1
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: Cornwall Angling Productions
A Colourful Houseboat on the River Fal in Cornwall
A Colourful Houseboat on the River Fal in Cornwall
Published: 2013/12/14
Channel: Christian Comedy Channel
Hammock camping on the river Fal
Hammock camping on the river Fal
Published: 2016/12/04
Channel: Mike Miller
River Fal ... Nice Scenary, Ecology Expedition by Kayak 27 July 2014
River Fal ... Nice Scenary, Ecology Expedition by Kayak 27 July 2014
Published: 2015/02/13
Channel: Barbel Man
Truro River Fal Boat Wrecks Boscawen Park Malpas Road Durandal Abandoned Wooden Dilapidated Vessel
Truro River Fal Boat Wrecks Boscawen Park Malpas Road Durandal Abandoned Wooden Dilapidated Vessel
Published: 2017/09/17
Channel: Cornwall Kid
Falmouth RNLI rescue woman and her dog from River Fal
Falmouth RNLI rescue woman and her dog from River Fal
Published: 2011/09/26
Channel: RNLI
Bideford leaving River Fal, 7th November 2011
Bideford leaving River Fal, 7th November 2011
Published: 2012/01/10
Channel: Krispen_Ships
Laid up Shipping in the River Fal Cornwall
Laid up Shipping in the River Fal Cornwall
Published: 2009/05/21
Channel: WishYouWereHereTV
Dreamy River Fal - perfect SUP tour conditions
Dreamy River Fal - perfect SUP tour conditions
Published: 2016/04/27
Channel: Amanda Leonard
Redundant ships moored in Fal river.
Redundant ships moored in Fal river.
Published: 2011/10/03
Channel: executivehelp
Shipping at River Fal
Shipping at River Fal
Published: 2012/11/06
Channel: Craig Smith
A Boat Trip on the River Fal
A Boat Trip on the River Fal
Published: 2006/07/17
Channel: Ticketyboo
A Boat Trip up the River Fal 10th July 2010.m4v
A Boat Trip up the River Fal 10th July 2010.m4v
Published: 2010/07/11
Channel: CharlotteinWeimar
Kayaking on the River Fal
Kayaking on the River Fal
Published: 2016/06/17
Channel: The Greenbank Hotel
Ships  from around the world laid up on the Fal River
Ships from around the world laid up on the Fal River
Published: 2009/04/21
Channel: rubycon1
Fal River :: The King Harry Ferry
Fal River :: The King Harry Ferry
Published: 2014/03/27
Channel: Fal River
Cruise On The River Fal - 14/07/2009 (Part 1)
Cruise On The River Fal - 14/07/2009 (Part 1)
Published: 2011/11/24
Channel: SatNavDan
Fal River :: Enterprise Boats Classic River Trips
Fal River :: Enterprise Boats Classic River Trips
Published: 2014/03/27
Channel: Fal River
River Fal Trip on my Homemade Stitch and Glue Canoe 2014
River Fal Trip on my Homemade Stitch and Glue Canoe 2014
Published: 2014/05/23
Channel: Crusoes Island
Anchoring River Fal insight of Trelissick House
Anchoring River Fal insight of Trelissick House
Published: 2017/08/27
Channel: Revelations of Resonate
River Fal Art Trail
River Fal Art Trail
Published: 2011/06/16
Channel: Frankie Boase
Bude leaving River Fal on 8th November 2011
Bude leaving River Fal on 8th November 2011
Published: 2012/01/10
Channel: Krispen_Ships
St Mawes, a walk by the River Fal on 3rd March 2011
St Mawes, a walk by the River Fal on 3rd March 2011
Published: 2011/03/03
Channel: CharlotteinWeimar
Fal River, Cornwall at anchor early morning.
Fal River, Cornwall at anchor early morning.
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: Steven Yates
river fal timelapse.avi
river fal timelapse.avi
Published: 2010/01/09
Channel: Tired but Wired
Nippers paddle the river Fal
Nippers paddle the river Fal
Published: 2013/08/13
Channel: Paddy Harty
Fal River Festival Slideshow
Fal River Festival Slideshow
Published: 2009/11/13
Channel: Fal River
Fal River :: Ice on the river - Feb 2012
Fal River :: Ice on the river - Feb 2012
Published: 2012/02/03
Channel: Fal River
Fal River Festival 27th- produced by Smart Exposure
Fal River Festival 27th- produced by Smart Exposure
Published: 2011/05/28
Channel: Fal River
Fal River Festival ..
Fal River Festival ..
Published: 2009/02/13
Channel: Fal River
Fal River :: Discover the Roseland with Place Ferry
Fal River :: Discover the Roseland with Place Ferry
Published: 2014/06/19
Channel: Fal River
Fal River Autumn Walking Festival Interview One
Fal River Autumn Walking Festival Interview One
Published: 2011/01/21
Channel: Fal River
day 3 - 4:30pm on River Fal
day 3 - 4:30pm on River Fal
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: eifel spotter
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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River Fal
DSCN2008FlushingRainbow.jpg
Flushing, from Fish Strand Quay, Falmouth, with rainbow
Physical characteristics
Main source Goss Moor
River mouth Carrick Roads
The River Fal at Devoran

The River Fal (Cornish: Dowr Fala) flows through Cornwall, England, rising at Pentevale on Goss Moor (between St. Columb and Roche) and reaching the English Channel at Falmouth. On or near the banks of the Fal are the castles of Pendennis and St Mawes as well as Trelissick Garden. The River Fal separates the Roseland peninsula from the rest of Cornwall. Like most of its kind on the south coast of Cornwall and Devon, the Fal estuary is a classic ria, or drowned river valley. The Fal estuary from Tregony to the Truro River was originally called Hafaraell (Cornish: Havarel, meaning fallow place).

Toponymy[edit]

The origin and meaning of the name of the river are unknown. The earliest occurrences of the name are in documents from AD 969 and 1049. Falmouth, a town which was named Smithwick until the 17th century, is named after the River Fal.[1] The word Fal in Cornish may refer to a prince, or may perhaps refer to a spade or shovel.[2]

History[edit]

The river mouth and Falmouth harbour served as an anchorage in the immediate years after the Second World War for scores of laid-up Royal Navy vessels (including battleships, carriers, and cruisers) awaiting sale for scrap. Its size and depth of water made it ideal for this use.[citation needed]

The River Fal suffered a severe, high-profile pollution accident in February 1992, when a nearby tin mine was flooded. The river turned red and an extensive cleaning-up operation was needed to decontaminate the water.[3] During times of reduced global trade, ships are mothballed in the upper parts of the estuary of the River Fal.[4] The ships, using the Fal estuary due to its depth and protection from the elements,[4] keep a skeleton crew for ship maintenance.[5] A large number of ships were moored in the estuary during the late-2000s financial crisis, as falling global trade meant a smaller demand for trade ships. Falmouth Harbour authority charges companies for usage of the river, until the ships are either reactivated, scrapped or sold.[5]

Geography and hydrology[edit]

The source can be traced to Pentevale, (more correctly Pentivale [6] ) (Cornish: Penfenten Fala, meaning head spring of the Fal). The catchment of the Fal is predominantly Devonian slates, shales and grits, with granite in the upper reaches. Land use is mainly agricultural with some woodland.[7]

Tributaries of the River Fal include the Truro River, River Kennal, Penryn River and Carnon River. Several tidal creeks discharge into the River Fal including Mylor Creek, Pill Creek, Penpol Creek and Restronguet Creek. The river flows through the Carrick Roads, a large ria that creates a natural harbour. The waterway is navigable between Falmouth and Truro. The river is crossed by the King Harry Ferry, a vehicular chain ferry that links the villages of Feock and Philleigh approximately equidistant between Truro and Falmouth.

Wildlife and conservation[edit]

Five Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) have been designated along the River Fal. The river rises on Goss Moor which is both a National Nature Reserve and part of a SSSI. The wetland habitats and western dry heath communities were formed, since the Bronze Age, by the mining of the alluvial tin deposits.[8] South Terras Mine SSSI is also a Geological Conservation Review (GCR) site of national importance and was once a commercial uranium mine. The Crowhill Valley SSSI between Grampound and St Stephen is an ancient woodland dominated by sessile oak on the slopes, and of willow and alder carr on the floodplain which has a rich ground flora. The species list includes many ancient woodland indicators including lichens such as Parmelia endochlora.[9]

The Upper Fal Estuary and Woods SSSI is mostly within the tidal area of the river between Tregony and Turnaware Point and includes mudflats, salt marsh and ancient woodland. The mudflats support nationally important numbers of black-tailed godwit as well as large populations of wintering waders and wildfowl such as curlew and golden plover. A series of transition zones occur from the salt marsh to scrub, where young trees attempt to grow despite the threat of the highest tides, to ancient woodland on the higher slopes. These zones and the estuary itself are important for otter.[10] The lowest part of the Fal along with the Helford River is designated as the Fal and Helford Special Area of Conservation under the Habitats Directive for the shallow bays and inlets, sandbanks and mudflats, and for its salt marshes. Part of the area is also designated as an Important Plant Area and a SSSI (Lower Fal & Helford Intertidal) for the relatively undisturbed transitions from tidal mud through saltmarsh and scrub to woodland.[11][12][13]

Recreation[edit]

The River Fal is accessible for kayaking, sailing and other watersports.[14][15]

Towns and villages on the Fal[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ekwall, E. (1940) The Concise Dictionary of English Place-names; 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press; p. 165
  2. ^ Robert Williams, ed., Lexicon cornu-britannicum: a dictionary of the ancient Celtic language of Cornwall (London, 1865).
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ a b Bushill, Alex (8 May 2009). "Ships shelter from economic storm". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 8 May 2009. 
  5. ^ a b "Increase in lay-ups as slump continues". Falmouth Packet. Newsquest. Retrieved 29 March 2012. 
  6. ^ http://www.streetmap.co.uk/map.srf?x=198965&y=58825&z=115&sv=198965,58825&st=4&ar=y&mapp=map.srf&searchp=ids.srf&dn=855&ax=198965&ay=58825&lm=0
  7. ^ "Fal at Tregony". Natural Environment Research Council. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 9 February 2010. 
  8. ^ "Goss Moor NNR". Natural England. Archived from the original on 5 June 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  9. ^ "Crowhill Valley SSSI" (PDF). Natural England. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  10. ^ "Upper Fal Estuary and Woods" (PDF). Natural England. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  11. ^ "Fal and Helford". Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  12. ^ "Fal and Helford". Plantlife. Retrieved 7 February 2012. 
  13. ^ "Lower Fal & Helford Intertidal" (PDF). Natural England. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  14. ^ "Guide to the River Fal". The UK rivers guidebook. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  15. ^ "Watersports in Falmouth, the Roseland and on the Fal River". www.falriver.co.uk. Retrieved 27 November 2017. 

Coordinates: 50°15′N 4°57′W / 50.250°N 4.950°W / 50.250; -4.950

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