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Journey on the River Wye Ross-on-Wye to Symonds Yat
Journey on the River Wye Ross-on-Wye to Symonds Yat
Published: 2010/08/30
Channel: wyenotnews
River Wye Open Canoe and Wild Camping Trip Day 1 Hereford-Hoarwithy
River Wye Open Canoe and Wild Camping Trip Day 1 Hereford-Hoarwithy
Published: 2014/07/03
Channel: Sutton WildOutdoors
The River Wye in one minute
The River Wye in one minute
Published: 2011/01/08
Channel: StarVideoCoUK
Dean Macey fishing on the River Wye - Part 1
Dean Macey fishing on the River Wye - Part 1
Published: 2014/08/08
Channel: TackleGuruTV
River Wye Barbel - Summer/Autumn
River Wye Barbel - Summer/Autumn
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: WyeanglerTV
Float Fishing for Chub on the River Wye
Float Fishing for Chub on the River Wye
Published: 2015/07/09
Channel: ShakespeareFishingTV
Tackling The River Wye With Alan Scotthorne & Peter Drennan
Tackling The River Wye With Alan Scotthorne & Peter Drennan
Published: 2016/09/23
Channel: DrennanInternational
Fishing on the River Wye [] Aerial Tour
Fishing on the River Wye [] Aerial Tour
Published: 2016/05/26
Channel: Shooting Reels - Subscribe
Canoeing the River Wye
Canoeing the River Wye
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: Robert Hardwick
Born to Fish Fly fishing River Wye
Born to Fish Fly fishing River Wye
Published: 2012/10/26
Channel: Mike Hobbs
Somewhere on the River Wye
Somewhere on the River Wye
Published: 2013/10/13
Channel: wyevalleycanoes
River Wye, canoe camping, 4 day paddle from Glasbury to Hereford
River Wye, canoe camping, 4 day paddle from Glasbury to Hereford
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: Andy Ballard
Carp Fishing at Redmire + River Wye and Campsite!
Carp Fishing at Redmire + River Wye and Campsite!
Published: 2017/01/08
Channel: Carl and Alex Fishing
Canoeing, Wild Camping on the River Wye from Ross-on-Wye to Redbrook via Symonds Yat and Monmouth..
Canoeing, Wild Camping on the River Wye from Ross-on-Wye to Redbrook via Symonds Yat and Monmouth..
Published: 2011/04/19
Channel: DelTheTope
River Wye Kayaking - Llangurig to Rhayader
River Wye Kayaking - Llangurig to Rhayader
Published: 2013/01/02
Channel: GoProHDKayaking
Oil on Panel "Painting the River Wye" - With Michael James Smith
Oil on Panel "Painting the River Wye" - With Michael James Smith
Published: 2016/04/07
Channel: Michael James Smith Art
kayaking River Wye
kayaking River Wye
Published: 2012/11/16
Channel: giles piggott
Feeder Fishing For Barbel - River Wye
Feeder Fishing For Barbel - River Wye
Published: 2016/02/12
Channel: ShakespeareFishingTV
Barbel fishing the River Wye using the barbel bomb method
Barbel fishing the River Wye using the barbel bomb method
Published: 2016/07/06
Channel: Dave Tarrant - Chasing Shadows
River Wye Canoe Trip
River Wye Canoe Trip
Published: 2016/02/06
Channel: RICH OUTDOORS
Symonds Yat Rapids with a Greenland Sea Kayak - River Wye
Symonds Yat Rapids with a Greenland Sea Kayak - River Wye
Published: 2014/08/18
Channel: Acostamorte
100 Mile 5 day Canoe Trip Down The River Wye - Day 1
100 Mile 5 day Canoe Trip Down The River Wye - Day 1
Published: 2016/07/07
Channel: R1FREESTYLE
Bait-Tech
Bait-Tech's Justin Beale on the River Wye
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: BaitTech
Matt Hayes- Lake Escapes S01E08 - River Wye Barbel And Chub.mp4
Matt Hayes- Lake Escapes S01E08 - River Wye Barbel And Chub.mp4
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: McV3mOOdIJ9ocau
Barbel and Chub on the river Wye
Barbel and Chub on the river Wye
Published: 2013/08/09
Channel: Carl and Alex Fishing
River Wye - Finding The Campsite. What Experience?
River Wye - Finding The Campsite. What Experience?
Published: 2015/06/08
Channel: Wye Explorer
Barbel Fishing On The River Wye - Floodwater Fishing
Barbel Fishing On The River Wye - Floodwater Fishing
Published: 2017/03/24
Channel: On The Bank Angling
Fly Fishing Guide for Salmon on the River Wye with Hints & Tips
Fly Fishing Guide for Salmon on the River Wye with Hints & Tips
Published: 2013/07/18
Channel: Sportfish
FISHING THE RIVER WYE, part 2
FISHING THE RIVER WYE, part 2
Published: 2012/12/02
Channel: ANGLERSMAILTV
Go Pro Hero3+ River Wye(Wales) 3 days summer canoe
Go Pro Hero3+ River Wye(Wales) 3 days summer canoe
Published: 2014/09/13
Channel: Petr Frystak
River Wye
River Wye
Published: 2009/03/07
Channel: Paul Gaskell
Fishing Brothers - River Wye Barbel
Fishing Brothers - River Wye Barbel
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: Fishing Brothers
River Wye Open Canoe and Wild Camping Trip Day 2 Hoarwithy-Ross
River Wye Open Canoe and Wild Camping Trip Day 2 Hoarwithy-Ross
Published: 2014/07/03
Channel: Sutton WildOutdoors
River Wye Salmon
River Wye Salmon
Published: 2013/04/25
Channel: gibbo909
Ross-on-wye | Church & River Wye | Phantom 3 Advenced
Ross-on-wye | Church & River Wye | Phantom 3 Advenced
Published: 2016/03/23
Channel: István Tóth
River Wye | Canoe Adventuring | 2016
River Wye | Canoe Adventuring | 2016
Published: 2016/05/22
Channel: Sam G M Crossley
Barbel fishing tips, tactics and tackle on the River Wye
Barbel fishing tips, tactics and tackle on the River Wye
Published: 2012/07/13
Channel: DragonCarpTV
CANOEING The RIVER WYE
CANOEING The RIVER WYE
Published: 2015/07/17
Channel: Lewis Gronow
Barbel Fishing on River Wye 20th June 2015
Barbel Fishing on River Wye 20th June 2015
Published: 2015/06/23
Channel: Mr Paul Cake
Fishing for River Wye Pike
Fishing for River Wye Pike
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: On The Bank Angling
Barbel and Chub, River Wye Part 1
Barbel and Chub, River Wye Part 1
Published: 2013/03/15
Channel: Carl and Alex Fishing
Bridge over the River Wye
Bridge over the River Wye
Published: 2012/12/07
Channel: FlyPixVideos
River Wye fishing tips with Steve Collett
River Wye fishing tips with Steve Collett
Published: 2014/07/21
Channel: ANGLERSMAILTV
Canoe hire trip on the river Wye, running the Symonds Yat rapids
Canoe hire trip on the river Wye, running the Symonds Yat rapids
Published: 2016/02/22
Channel: Canoe the Wye - River Wye Canoe hire
Tackle Fanatics TV - Dean Macey Fishes The River Wye (Part 2)
Tackle Fanatics TV - Dean Macey Fishes The River Wye (Part 2)
Published: 2015/02/09
Channel: Tackle Fanatics
The River Wye at Hereford.
The River Wye at Hereford.
Published: 2012/07/15
Channel: g4shf
River Wye Source - Becoming Chi Mountain
River Wye Source - Becoming Chi Mountain
Published: 2015/01/07
Channel: Wye Explorer
John Wilson Fishing 12 15   River Wye  Barbel   Chub
John Wilson Fishing 12 15 River Wye Barbel Chub
Published: 2015/05/17
Channel: Uk Fishing
River Feeder Fishing on the Wye - Part One. (www.shakespeare-fishing.co.uk)
River Feeder Fishing on the Wye - Part One. (www.shakespeare-fishing.co.uk)
Published: 2009/10/24
Channel: purefishingdotcom
The Inflatables -The River Wye Day 2
The Inflatables -The River Wye Day 2
Published: 2013/10/13
Channel: David Bickle
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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River Wye (Afon Gwy)
River
River Wye at Hay-on-Wye.jpg
The Wye at Hay-on-Wye
Countries Wales, England
Tributaries
 - left River Lugg, Bachawy, Afon Edw, more
 - right River Trothy, River Monnow, Dulas Brook, more
Source
 - location Plynlimon
 - elevation 690 m (2,264 ft)
 - coordinates 52°28′5.170″N 3°45′56.282″W / 52.46810278°N 3.76563389°W / 52.46810278; -3.76563389
Mouth
 - location Chepstow, Severn Estuary
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 51°36′36.086″N 2°39′42.423″W / 51.61002389°N 2.66178417°W / 51.61002389; -2.66178417Coordinates: 51°36′36.086″N 2°39′42.423″W / 51.61002389°N 2.66178417°W / 51.61002389; -2.66178417
Length 215 km (134 mi)
Basin 4,136 km2 (1,597 sq mi)
Map showing the River Wye from source to sea, excluding tributaries

The River Wye (Welsh: Afon Gwy) is the fifth-longest river in the UK, stretching some 215 kilometres (134 miles) from its source on Plynlimon in mid Wales to the Severn estuary. For much of its length the river forms part of the border between England and Wales. The Wye Valley (lower part) is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.[1][2] The Wye is important for nature conservation and recreation.

Etymology[edit]

The Wye's Latin name is Vaga, an adjective meaning 'wandering'.[citation needed] The Tithe map references a Vagas Field in both Whitchurch and Chepstow.[3] The modern Welsh name Gwy may be derived from old Welsh Gwybiol or Gwyr (crooked wandering hills).[4]

Description[edit]

The source of the Wye is in the Welsh mountains at Plynlimon. It flows through or past several towns and villages including Rhayader, Builth Wells, Hay-on-Wye, Hereford (the only city on the River Wye), Ross-on-Wye, Symonds Yat, Monmouth and Tintern, meeting the Severn estuary just below Chepstow. Its total length is 134 miles (216 km).[5] The lower 16 miles (26 km) of the river from Redbrook to Chepstow forms the border between England and Wales.

Conservation[edit]

River Wye (Lower Wye)
Site of Special Scientific Interest
Grid reference ST544912 to SO230429
Interest Biological/Geological
Area England: 1,159.6 ha (2,865 acres)
Wales: 245.2 ha (606 acres)
Total: 1,404.8 ha (3,471 acres)
Notification 1978
Natural England website

The River Wye forms two Sites of Special Scientific Interest, one covering the Upper Wye (Gwy Uchaf) above Hay-on-Wye,[6] and one covering the Lower Wye (Gwy Isaf) downstream to Chepstow.[7] The criteria for inclusion of the river as an SSSI include geology, topography, flora, mammals, invertebrates, fish and birdlife, as the river and its tributaries constitute a large linear ecosystem. The Lower Wye SSSI is itself divided into seven units of assessment set by Natural England, and administrative responsibilities are shared between the county authorities of Powys, Herefordshire, Gloucestershire, and Monmouthshire.[7] The Wye abuts a range of other SSSIs in England and Wales, including the Upper Wye Gorge and Lower Wye Gorge.

It is also a Special Area of Conservation[8][9] and one of the most important rivers in the UK for nature conservation. It is an important migration route and wildlife corridor, as well as a key breeding area for many nationally and internationally important species. The river supports a range of species and habitats covered by European Directives and those listed under Schedule 5 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.[7] In Powys the river lies within the Radnorshire Environmentally Sensitive Area. Much of the lower valley is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

Salmon[edit]

The Lower Wye has been designated as a salmonid fishery under the EC Freshwater Fish Directive.[7] The Wye is largely unpolluted and used to be considered[by whom?] one of the best rivers for salmon fishing in the United Kingdom, outside Scotland. In the 1980s and 1990s salmon in the Wye declined dramatically. In 1967 the Wye rod catch was 7,864, and as recently as 1988 it was 6,401; but by 2002 it was only 357. It is now recovering from this low in response to the extensive habitat improvement work carried out by the Wye and Usk Foundation, set up to restore the spring salmon runs. In 2015 the five-year average once again climbed above 1,000 and it is now the third best salmon river in England and Wales, surpassed only by the Tyne and Wear.[citation needed]

The Wye was particularly famous for its large "spring" salmon that had spent three or more years at sea before returning to spawn. They used to enter the river between January and June and sometimes reached weights of over 50 pounds (23 kg), the largest recorded being 59 lb 8 oz (27.0 kg) landed after a long fight by Miss Doreen Davey from the Cowpond Pool at Winforton on 13 March 1923. The last recorded 50 lb (23 kg) rod-caught salmon from the Wye was taken in 1963 by Donald Parrish and weighed 51 lb 8 oz (23.4 kg). Since the early 2000s the spring catch has been steadily recovering and salmon of over 35 lb (16 kg) have been reported every year since 2011.

History[edit]

The Wye at Chepstow, showing the castle and the road bridge linking Monmouthshire (on the left) with Gloucestershire

The Romans constructed a bridge of wood and stone just upstream of present-day Chepstow. The River Wye was and still is navigable up to Monmouth at least since the early 14th century. It was improved from there to a short distance below Hereford by Sir William Sandys in the early 1660s with locks to enable vessels to pass weirs. According to Herefordshire Council Archaeology, these were flash locks.[10] The work proved to be insufficiently substantial and in 1696 a further Act of Parliament authorised the County of Hereford to buy up and demolish the mills on the Wye and Lugg. All locks and weirs were removed, except that at New Weir forge below Goodrich, which survived until about 1815. This was paid for by a tax on the county. Weirs were removed all along the Wye in Herefordshire, making the river passable to the western boundary, and beyond it at least to Hay on Wye. A horse towing path was added in 1808, but only up to Hereford; previously, as on the River Severn, barges were man-hauled. Money was spent several times improving the River Lugg from Leominster to its confluence with the Wye at Mordiford, but its navigation is likely to have been difficult. The Wye remained commercially navigable until the 1850s, when commercial traffic moved to railways. It is still used by pleasure craft.

Navigation and sport[edit]

The Environment Agency is the navigation authority for the river. The Normal Tidal Limit (NTL) of the river is Bigsweir and navigation below this point is under the control of the Gloucester Harbour Trustees as Competent Harbour Authority. There is a public right of navigation downstream from Hay-on-Wye.[11] Canoes are generally permitted at and downstream of Glasbury, so long as they do not disturb anglers.[12]

A railway poster advertising the Wye Valley as a tourist destination. Date is before 1942.

The River Wye provides for canoeing and kayaking as it has sections suitable for all ranges of skills and free access all the way downstream from Hay to Hereford and Monmouth, and the tidal Wye to Chepstow and the Severn Estuary.[13] There are a wide range of canoe hire and supervised trips, as well as campsites at key points on the river. Symonds Yat has a particularly popular series of rapids that was purchased by the British Canoe Union in 2003 to preserve the rapids for recreational use, canoe trips through the rapids stop next at Monmouth.[14] There are three rowing clubs on the river at Hereford, Ross-on-Wye and Monmouth. Annual regattas are held at Ross-on-Wye and Monmouth for rowers and scullers of all abilities, next to the local rowing club.

Walkers can enjoy the Wye Valley Walk which follows the route of the River Wye from Coed Hafren, near Plynlimon, to Chepstow along a series of well-maintained way-marked paths. A viewpoint near The Biblins on the Wye is known as 'Three Counties View', the meeting place of the counties of Herefordshire, Gloucestershire and Monmouthshire.

Tributaries[edit]

The Wye's tributaries include the river Lugg, Elan, Dulas, Irfon, Marteg, Monnow, Trothy, Ithon, Llynfi, Letton Lake, Tarennig (the Wye's first tributary) and Bidno.

Cultural references[edit]

The Romantic poet William Wordsworth includes an apostrophe to the Wye in his famous poem "Lines Written a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey" published 1798 in Lyrical Ballads:

How oft, in spirit, have I turned to thee,
O sylvan Wye! thou wanderer thro' the woods,
How often has my spirit turned to thee!

Nelson travelled down the Wye in 1802, along with Lady Hamilton and her husband, Sir William Hamilton.[15] They sailed from Ross-on-Wye to Monmouth, to be greeted by a cannonade and the band of the Monmouthshire Militia playing See, the Conquering Hero Comes.[15] Nelson expressed surprise that he was known at "such a little gut of a river as the Wye".[15]

Views of the river[edit]

Bridges on the river[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Natural England information on AONBs and map". Natural England. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "Natural England information on Wye Valley AONB". Natural England. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  3. ^ The Tithe map (1844)
  4. ^ David Hancocks, Dean Archaeology No. 11, 1998 p39 ISSN 0954-8874
  5. ^ Sue Owen et al., (2005). Colin Pooley, ed. Rivers and the British Landscape. Carnegie Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85936-120-7. 
  6. ^ "Countryside Council for Wales Landscape & wildlife statement for River Wye (Upper Wye) / Afon Gwy (Gwy Uchaf)". Countryside Council for Wales. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Natural England SSSI information on River Wye (Lower Wye) or Afon Gwy (Gwy Isaf) SDdGA – citation, maps and unit details". Natural England. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "Information on River Wye Special Area of Conservation designation". DEFRA. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  9. ^ "Joint Nature Conservation Committee Listing of Special Areas of Conservation". DEFRA. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  10. ^ I. Cohen. "The Non-tidal Wye and its Navigation (from Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists Field Club, 1958 pg 86–94)". Retrieved 9 December 2006. 
  11. ^ "Wye canoe?" (PDF). Environment Agency. Upstream of Hay Bridge, the river can provide some good canoeing water but there is no established public right of navigation. 
  12. ^ "Canoeing in the Area". Hay-on-Wye Tourist Information Bureau. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Boating along the River Wye". Waterscape. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  14. ^ "River rapids sold to canoeists". BBC News. 15 March 2003. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  15. ^ a b c Kissack 1975, p. 251.

Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Cohen, I. "The non-tidal Wye and its navigation", Trans. Woolhope Nat. Fld. Club, 34 (1955), pp. 83–101.
  • Stockinger, V. (1996) The Rivers Wye and Lugg Navigation: A Documentary History 1555–1951, Logaston Press, ISBN 978-18-738-27895
  • King, P. "The River Teme and Other Midlands River Navigations", Journal of Railway and Canal Historical Society, 35, 50 (July 2006), pp. 350–1.
  • Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Wye". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links[edit]

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