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New Tesla Roadster 2020 Unveiled by Elon Musk - 2017-11-16 [Full HD]
New Tesla Roadster 2020 Unveiled by Elon Musk - 2017-11-16 [Full HD]
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: ran future
Tesla Roadster - How It`s Made
Tesla Roadster - How It`s Made
Published: 2016/03/06
Channel: sw car
Driving along in my automobile. Tesla Roadster in space.
Driving along in my automobile. Tesla Roadster in space.
Published: 2018/02/06
Channel: Mat Recardo
Tesla Roadster (2020) The Quickest Car in the World
Tesla Roadster (2020) The Quickest Car in the World
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: YOUCAR
🔮 LIVE: Starman Driving in Space after Successful Heavy Falcon Launch SpaceX Real-time Updates
🔮 LIVE: Starman Driving in Space after Successful Heavy Falcon Launch SpaceX Real-time Updates
Published: 2018/02/07
Channel: American News
Comparison: 2010 Tesla Roadster Sport  vs. 2011 Porsche Boxster Spyder
Comparison: 2010 Tesla Roadster Sport vs. 2011 Porsche Boxster Spyder
Published: 2010/02/23
Channel: Motor Trend Channel
Tesla Fastest Roadster 0-60 in 1.9 sec Unveiled ( WORLD DEBUT )
Tesla Fastest Roadster 0-60 in 1.9 sec Unveiled ( WORLD DEBUT )
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: Cars & Technology
Top 10 Best New Cars that Debuted in 2017: Tesla Roadster, Honda Civic Type R and More
Top 10 Best New Cars that Debuted in 2017: Tesla Roadster, Honda Civic Type R and More
Published: 2017/12/29
Channel: AutoGuide.com
How it
How it's made Electric Roadsters Tesla elecric car
Published: 2011/11/18
Channel: triabvami1
Weismann Roadster/TVR Tuscan car review pt 1 | Top Gear | BBC
Weismann Roadster/TVR Tuscan car review pt 1 | Top Gear | BBC
Published: 2009/12/11
Channel: Top Gear
â–ș Flying Car - AeroMobil 3.0 demonstration
â–ș Flying Car - AeroMobil 3.0 demonstration
Published: 2014/11/07
Channel: YOUCAR
How does an Electric Car work ? | Tesla Model S
How does an Electric Car work ? | Tesla Model S
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Learn Engineering
1960 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Roadster: Art of the Automobile 2013
1960 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Roadster: Art of the Automobile 2013
Published: 2013/10/23
Channel: RM Sotheby's
2015 PGO Automobiles Cevennes Roadster - Exterior and Interior Walkaround - 2014 Paris Auto Show
2015 PGO Automobiles Cevennes Roadster - Exterior and Interior Walkaround - 2014 Paris Auto Show
Published: 2014/12/19
Channel: AutoMotoTube
The new Mercedes-AMG GT C Roadster. Open-top driving performance. Trailer – Mercedes-Benz original
The new Mercedes-AMG GT C Roadster. Open-top driving performance. Trailer – Mercedes-Benz original
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Mercedes-Benz
1914 Chevrolet Series H Royal Mail Roadster Car Driven 250,0000 Miles (1936) Chevrolet Newsreel
1914 Chevrolet Series H Royal Mail Roadster Car Driven 250,0000 Miles (1936) Chevrolet Newsreel
Published: 2014/01/23
Channel: Jeff Quitney
1947 MG TC Classic Roadster Experience
1947 MG TC Classic Roadster Experience
Published: 2014/12/18
Channel: samspace81
1917 DODGE ROADSTER -  FOURTH YEAR OF THE DODGE AUTOMOBILE
1917 DODGE ROADSTER - FOURTH YEAR OF THE DODGE AUTOMOBILE
Published: 2012/08/23
Channel: 55lincoln
Wiesmann GT MF5 Roadster - Twin Turbocharged V8 Sounds!
Wiesmann GT MF5 Roadster - Twin Turbocharged V8 Sounds!
Published: 2014/02/04
Channel: Gumbal
The V6 Morgan Roadster****the best modern classic by far!
The V6 Morgan Roadster****the best modern classic by far!
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: The Player
Test Drive Tesla Motors Roadster 2.5 - Geneva 2011
Test Drive Tesla Motors Roadster 2.5 - Geneva 2011
Published: 2011/03/20
Channel: Automobile-Propre.com
Lamborghini Aventador Roadster Road Test and Review!
Lamborghini Aventador Roadster Road Test and Review!
Published: 2015/03/08
Channel: Vehicle Virgins
1930 Packard 733 Roadster - Extremely Rare Classic Automobile
1930 Packard 733 Roadster - Extremely Rare Classic Automobile
Published: 2010/09/10
Channel: RamblinAround
Tesla Roadster: this is the fastest electric car in the world
Tesla Roadster: this is the fastest electric car in the world
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: Aban Tech
BIG Acceleration - TESLA ROADSTER Sport, Signature Edition  - pure electric car - Ă  Vienne [HD]
BIG Acceleration - TESLA ROADSTER Sport, Signature Edition - pure electric car - Ă  Vienne [HD]
Published: 2013/07/14
Channel: PRESTIGE et RALLYE
Tesla  (Roadster) Fastest​ car in the world and  Electric Truck  2017 | Hindi | Urdu | Review |
Tesla (Roadster) Fastest​ car in the world and Electric Truck 2017 | Hindi | Urdu | Review |
Published: 2017/11/18
Channel: Waqas Afzal
1931 Ford Model A Deluxe Rumbleseat Roadster 4K Ultra HD vintage car driving experience
1931 Ford Model A Deluxe Rumbleseat Roadster 4K Ultra HD vintage car driving experience
Published: 2016/04/23
Channel: samspace81
1957, Messerschmitt Kabinenroller KR 201 Roadster
1957, Messerschmitt Kabinenroller KR 201 Roadster
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: Automobile Classics
1953 Mercedes-Benz 300 S Roadster | Classic Cars | June 2016
1953 Mercedes-Benz 300 S Roadster | Classic Cars | June 2016
Published: 2016/05/18
Channel: Dorotheum
MODEL RC 4X4 - ROADSTER CRAWLER 4WD - TOY STORY - RC CAR GAME
MODEL RC 4X4 - ROADSTER CRAWLER 4WD - TOY STORY - RC CAR GAME
Published: 2016/06/25
Channel: thonain
1932 Ford Roadster in red for sale Old Town Automobile in Maryland
1932 Ford Roadster in red for sale Old Town Automobile in Maryland
Published: 2016/11/05
Channel: OldTownAutomobile
1929 Ford Model A Roadster Stock #7620 Gateway Classic Cars St. Louis Showroom
1929 Ford Model A Roadster Stock #7620 Gateway Classic Cars St. Louis Showroom
Published: 2018/02/23
Channel: GatewayClassicCars
Official video of Japan Luxury Car HIMIKO-Roadster in MONACO 2016
Official video of Japan Luxury Car HIMIKO-Roadster in MONACO 2016
Published: 2016/06/13
Channel: Vladimir Drozdin
2018 BMW i8 Roadster - The Sports Car of the Future
2018 BMW i8 Roadster - The Sports Car of the Future
Published: 2017/12/01
Channel: Car TV
1940 Packard 120 Roadster Convertible - Rare Classic Automobile
1940 Packard 120 Roadster Convertible - Rare Classic Automobile
Published: 2010/06/10
Channel: RamblinAround
Audi TT Roadster review - Carbuyer
Audi TT Roadster review - Carbuyer
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: Carbuyer
MINI ROADSTER AUSTIN CAR VOITURE CABRIOLET SUV AUTO AUTOMOBILE
MINI ROADSTER AUSTIN CAR VOITURE CABRIOLET SUV AUTO AUTOMOBILE
Published: 2012/12/13
Channel: thonain
Automobile Barcelona: Flash Mercedes AMG GT Roadster 2017 Exterior/Interior
Automobile Barcelona: Flash Mercedes AMG GT Roadster 2017 Exterior/Interior
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: autos mĂ­ticos
Modeling a roadster concept car in Fusion 360
Modeling a roadster concept car in Fusion 360
Published: 2013/11/27
Channel: Autodesk Fusion 360
CLASSIC Honda S600 Roadster - Interior/Exterior, & REVS! - Historical Vehicle
CLASSIC Honda S600 Roadster - Interior/Exterior, & REVS! - Historical Vehicle
Published: 2013/11/04
Channel: SotA1080
1914 SAXON Runabout Roadster Model 14                                     (For Sale By Owner)
1914 SAXON Runabout Roadster Model 14 (For Sale By Owner)
Published: 2013/09/18
Channel: collectonline1
1929 Ford Model A Roadster for sale Old Town Automobile in Maryland
1929 Ford Model A Roadster for sale Old Town Automobile in Maryland
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: OldTownAutomobile
1979 Clenet Series 1 Roadster Stock # 631-DET
1979 Clenet Series 1 Roadster Stock # 631-DET
Published: 2016/03/03
Channel: GatewayClassicCars
1937, Wanderer W 25K Roadster, Exterior and Interior, Techno Classica Essen 2015
1937, Wanderer W 25K Roadster, Exterior and Interior, Techno Classica Essen 2015
Published: 2015/05/02
Channel: Automobile Classics
How the Tesla Model S is Made | Tesla Motors Part 1 (WIRED)
How the Tesla Model S is Made | Tesla Motors Part 1 (WIRED)
Published: 2013/07/16
Channel: WIRED
1929 RUXTON ROADSTER STRAIGHT 8  -- A FAILED CAR MAKE
1929 RUXTON ROADSTER STRAIGHT 8 -- A FAILED CAR MAKE
Published: 2014/05/11
Channel: 55lincoln
1915 Model T Ford Roadster Walkaround
1915 Model T Ford Roadster Walkaround
Published: 2011/03/21
Channel: hoohoohoblin
1939, MG TA Roadster
1939, MG TA Roadster
Published: 2015/01/05
Channel: Automobile Classics
Excalibur phaeton serie 04 (IV) car (roadster) in motion, sound very beautyfull neo-retro auto,
Excalibur phaeton serie 04 (IV) car (roadster) in motion, sound very beautyfull neo-retro auto,
Published: 2012/12/26
Channel: PRESTIGE et RALLYE
2016 - Morgan Roadster - Exterior and Interior - Geneva Motor Show 2016
2016 - Morgan Roadster - Exterior and Interior - Geneva Motor Show 2016
Published: 2016/08/05
Channel: Automobile Classics
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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1931 Ford Model A 40B roadster

A roadster (spider or spyder) is an open two-seat car with emphasis on sporting appearance or character. Initially an American term for a two-seat car with no weather protection, usage has spread internationally and has evolved to include two-seat convertibles.

The roadster is also a style of racing car driven in United States Auto Club (USAC) Championship Racing, including the Indianapolis 500, in the 1950s and 1960s. This type of racing car was superseded by mid-engined cars.

Design history[edit]

Early roadster competing for the Vanderbilt Cup

In the nineteenth century, the word "roadster" denoted a horse suitable for traveling.[1][2] By the end of the century the definition had expanded to include roadworthy bicycles and tricycles.[3]

In 1916, the Society of Automobile Engineers defined a roadster as: "an open car seating two or three. It may have additional seats on running boards or in rear deck."[4] Additional seating in the rear deck was known as a rumble seat[5] or a dickey seat.[6] The main seat for the driver and passenger was usually further back in the chassis than it would have been in a touring car.[2][5] Roadsters usually had a hooded dashboard.[7]

The earliest roadster automobiles had only basic bodies without doors, windshields, or other weather protection. By the 1920s they were appointed similarly to touring cars, with doors, windshields, simple folding tops, and side curtains.[2] When roadsters of this era were equipped with rumble seats, the seats folded into the body when not in use.

Roadster bodies were offered on automobiles of all sizes and classes, from mass-produced cars like the Ford Model T and the Austin 7 to extremely expensive cars like the Cadillac V-16, the Duesenberg Model J, and even the Bugatti Royale.

Traditional roadsters
Specifications of a Stearns 45 roadster 
1926 Ford Model T roadster 
1932 Duesenberg J Murphy-bodied roadster 
1937 Delahaye 135MS roadster 
Esders roadster body on a replica Bugatti Royale chassis 
1949 MG TC 


The term "roadster" as applied to automobiles is American in origin; before World War II, the British equivalent was a "two-seat tourer".[8] The term was used more widely in Britain after World War II, partly through interaction with Americans during the war and partly to make the car more appealing to Americans in the time of the "export or die" policy.[citation needed]

By the 1970s, the term "roadster" was applied to open two-seat cars of sporting appearance or character.[9][10] Roadsters had become almost as well-equipped as convertibles,[9] including side windows that retract into the doors. Roadsters of that time included the Alfa Romeo Spider, MGB, and Triumph TR4. A roadster is still defined as an open car with two seats,[11][12] with some roadsters having power tops or retractable hardtops.[13] A few manufacturers and fabricators still offer roadsters that meet the older definitions. These include Morgan, with the windowless Roadster; Caterham, with the doorless Seven; and Ariel, with the bodyless Atom.

Modern roadsters
1973 MGB 

Hot rod roadsters[edit]

Hot rod based on a Ford Model A roadster

The American hot rod is based on pre–World War II roadsters and coupes. Late run Model Ts and 1932 Fords were the most popular starting points.

Championship race cars[edit]

The term roadster applies to front-engined AAA/USAC Championship cars, associated with the Indianapolis 500. The roadster engine and drive shaft are offset from the centerline of the car. This allows the driver to sit lower in the chassis and facilitates a weight offset which is beneficial on oval tracks.

1957 Kurtis Indy roadster

One story of why this type of racing car is referred to as a "roadster" is that a team was preparing a new car for the Indianapolis 500. They had it covered in a corner of their shop. If they were asked about their car they would try and obscure its importance by saying that it was just their (hot rod) "roadster". After the Indianapolis racer was made public, the "roadster" name was still attached to it.

Frank Kurtis built the first roadster to race and entered it in the 1952 Indianapolis 500. It was driven by Bill Vukovich who led for most of the race until a steering failure eliminated him. The Howard Keck owned team with Vukovich driving went on to win the 1953 and 1954 contests with the same car. Bob Sweikert won the 1955 500 in a Kurtis after Vukovich was killed while leading. A. J. Watson, George Salih and Quinn Epperly were other notable roadster constructors. Watson-built roadsters won in 1956, 1959 - 1964 though the 1961 and 1963 winners were actually close copies built from Watson designs. The 1957 and 1958 winner was the same car built by Salih with help by Epperly built with a unique placement of the engine in a 'lay down' mounting so the cylinders were nearly horizontal instead of vertical as traditional design dictated. This gave a slightly lower center of gravity and a lower profile.

Roadsters had disappeared from competition by the end of the 1960s, after the introduction, and subsequent domination, of rear-engined machines. In 1965 Gordon Johncock brought the Wienberger Homes Watson to the finish in fifth place which was the last top-ten roadster finish and the final time that a roadster finished the full distance of the race. The last roadster to make the race was built and driven by Jim Hurtubise in the 1968 race and dropped out early. Hurtubise attempted to run the same car in 1969 but, while making his qualifying run at a very good speed, the engine failed on the last of the four laps. The car was entered many times after that but was never seriously considered fast enough to start.

Other classes of racing cars were built with the offset drive train and were referred to as roadsters. Some pavement midgets roadsters were built and raced into the early 1970s but never were dominant.

See also[edit]

  • Barchetta, a related two-seater body style designed primarily for racing
  • Convertible, the general term to describe vehicles with retractable roofs and retractable side-windows
  • Roadster utility
  • Tonneau cover, a protective cover for the seats in an open car.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Webster, Goodrich & Porter 1861, p. 959.
  2. ^ a b c Haajanen 2003, p. 113.
  3. ^ Porter 1898, p. 1246.
  4. ^ Society of Automobile Engineers 1916.
  5. ^ a b Clough 1913, p. 258.
  6. ^ Culshaw & Horrobin 2013, pp. 480-481.
  7. ^ Clough 1913, p. 257.
  8. ^ "The Used Car Problem". Garage Organization and Management. Taylor & Francis. pp. 259–260. Retrieved 2012-10-26. In order to avoid confusion, however, the universally understood terms 'Tourer', 'CoupĂ©', 'Saloon', 'Limousine', etc., have been adopted, adding the American term 'Roadster' as the two-seater edition of the tourer. 
  9. ^ a b Culshaw & Horrobin 2013, p. 482.
  10. ^ Georgano 1971, p. 216.
  11. ^ Anderson et al. 2006, p. 740.
  12. ^ Pollard 1994, p. 692.
  13. ^ Boeriu 2011.

References[edit]

  • Anderson, Sandra; Crozier, Justin; Gilmour, Lorna; Grandison, Alice; McKeown, Cormac; Stibbs, Anne; Summers, Elspeth, eds. (2006). Collins Concise Dictionary & Thesaurus. Glasgow, UK: HarperCollins Publishers. p. 740. 978-0-00-722971-0. 
  • Boeriu, Horatiu (2011-02-09), Video: BMW Roadster History 
  • Clough, Albert L. (1913). A dictionary of automobile terms. The Horseless Age Company. LCCN 13003001. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  • Haajanen, Lennart W. (2003). Illustrated Dictionary of Automobile Body Styles. Illustrations by Bertil NydĂ©n; foreword by Karl Ludvigsen. Jefferson, NC USA: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-1276-3. LCCN 2002014546. 
  • Culshaw, David; Horrobin, Peter (2013) [1974]. "Appendix 5 - Coachwork styles". The complete catalogue of British Cars 1895 - 1975 (e-book ed.). Poundbury, Dorchester, UK: Veloce Publishing. pp. 480–484. ISBN 978-1-845845-83-4. 
  • Pollard, Elaine, ed. (1994). "R". The Oxford Paperback Dictionary (fourth ed.). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. p. 692. ISBN 0-19-280012-4. roadster noun an open car without rear seats. 
  • Georgano, G. N., ed. (1971). "Glossary". Encyclopedia of American Automobiles. New York, NY USA: E. P. Dutton. pp. 215–217. ISBN 0-525-097929. LCCN 79147885. Roadster. A two-passenger open car of sporting appearance. 
  • Porter, Noah, ed. (1898). "Roadster". Webster's International Dictionary of the English Language. Springfield, MA US: G. and C. Merriam. LCCN 98001281. 
  • Society of Automobile Engineers, Nomenclature Division (August 20, 1916). "What's What in Automobile Bodies Officially Determined" (pdf). The New York Times. New York, NY USA. Nomenclature Division, Society of Automobile Engineers. ISSN 0362-4331. OCLC 1645522. Retrieved 2012-05-31. Here it is, with other body types and distinctions, officially determined recently by the Nomenclature Division of the Society of Automobile Engineers: 
  • Webster, Noah; Goodrich, Chauncey A.; Porter, Noah (1861). "Roadster". An American Dictionary of the English Language. Springfield, MA US: G. and C. Merriam. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Roadsters at Wikimedia Commons

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