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An Algorithmic View of the Universe
An Algorithmic View of the Universe
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2
Robert Tarjan: Search Tree Mysteries
Robert Tarjan: Search Tree Mysteries
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CACM August 2014 Feature Video Efficient Maximum Flow Algorithms
CACM August 2014 Feature Video Efficient Maximum Flow Algorithms
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Szeged Tarján város 1973-74
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Tarján: meg kell mutatnunk, hogy civilek nélkül nincs demokrácia
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Szent György Napok 2009 - Dancs Annamari és Tarján Pál
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Juan Tarjan - Me & the Devil Blues
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tarjan
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Dancs Annamari és Tarján Pál - Egy a szívem . egy a párom operett lemez egyveleg
Dancs Annamari és Tarján Pál - Egy a szívem . egy a párom operett lemez egyveleg
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Antal Árpád kampányban: Operett Dancs Annamari és Tarján Pál
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GRE Computer Science Question 41
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Houson and Zach Interview Tarjan
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tarjan
tarjan
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Tarjan
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Juan Tarjan, Alambre Gonzalez, Poncharelo y Cachin - Love Struck Baby
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Andromeda Hip-hop Táncstúdió 2009 Tarján
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COVERSHOW -The Fashion Musical, Belvarosi theatre, 2006
COVERSHOW -The Fashion Musical, Belvarosi theatre, 2006
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Robert Kahn: A Systems Approach to Managing Distributed Information
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HALLOWEEN MUSICAL MADNESS - The musical revue (Incl. The Rocky Horror Show), 2008
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Robert Endre Tarjan
Bob Tarjan.jpg
Born (1948-04-30) April 30, 1948 (age 66)
Pomona, California
Fields Computer Science
Institutions Cornell
Berkeley
Stanford University
New York University
Princeton University
Hewlett-Packard
Alma mater Caltech,
Stanford
Thesis An Efficient Planarity Algorithm (1972)
Known for Algorithms and data structures
Notable awards Nevanlinna Prize (1982)
Turing Award (1986)
Paris Kanellakis Award (1999)

Robert Endre Tarjan (born April 30, 1948) is an American computer scientist and mathematician. He is the discoverer of several graph algorithms, including Tarjan's off-line least common ancestors algorithm, and co-inventor of both splay trees and Fibonacci heaps. Tarjan is currently the James S. McDonnell Distinguished University Professor of Computer Science at Princeton University, and the Chief Scientist at Intertrust Technologies.[1] He is also a Visiting Researcher at Microsoft.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

He was born in Pomona, California. His father was a child psychiatrist specializing in mental retardation, and ran a state hospital.[3] As a child, Tarjan read a lot of science fiction, and wanted to be an astronomer. He became interested in mathematics after reading Martin Gardner's mathematical games column in Scientific American. He became seriously interested in math in the eighth grade, thanks to a "very stimulating" teacher.[4]

While he was in high school, Tarjan got a job, where he worked IBM card punch collators. He first worked with real computers while studying astronomy at the Summer Science Program in 1964.[3]

Tarjan obtained a Bachelor's degree in mathematics from the California Institute of Technology in 1969. At Stanford University, he received his Master's degree in computer science in 1971 and a Ph.D. in computer science (with a minor in mathematics) in 1972. At Stanford, he was supervised by Robert Floyd[5] and Donald Knuth,[6] both highly prominent computer scientists, and his Ph.D. dissertation was An Efficient Planarity Algorithm. Tarjan selected computer science as his area of interest because he believed that CS was a way of doing mathematics that could have a practical impact.[7]

Computer science career[edit]

Tarjan has been teaching at Princeton University since 1985.[7] He has also held academic positions at Cornell University (1972–73), University of California, Berkeley (1973–1975), Stanford University (1974–1980), and New York University (1981–1985). He has also been a fellow of the NEC Research Institute (1989–1997).[8] In April 2013 he joined Microsoft Research Silicon Valley in addition to the position at Princeton.

Tarjan has worked at AT&T Bell Labs (1980–1989), Intertrust Technologies (1997–2001, 2014–present), Compaq (2002) and Hewlett Packard (2006–present).

Algorithms and data structures[edit]

Tarjan is known for his pioneering work on graph theory algorithms and data structures. Some of his well-known algorithms include Tarjan's off-line least common ancestors algorithm, and Tarjan's strongly connected components algorithm, and he was one of five co-authors of the median of medians linear time selection algorithm. The Hopcroft-Tarjan planarity testing algorithm was the first linear-time algorithm for planarity-testing.[9]

Tarjan has also developed important data structures such as the Fibonacci heap (a heap data structure consisting of a forest of trees), and the splay tree (a self-adjusting binary search tree; co-invented by Tarjan and Daniel Sleator). Another significant contribution was the analysis of the disjoint-set data structure; he was the first to prove the optimal runtime involving the inverse Ackermann function.

Awards[edit]

Tarjan received the Turing Award jointly with John Hopcroft in 1986. The citation for the award states[8] that it was:

For fundamental achievements in the design and analysis of algorithms and data structures.

Tarjan was also elected an ACM Fellow in 1994. The citation for this award states:[10]

For seminal advances in the design and analysis of data structures and algorithms.

Some of the other awards for Tarjan include:

Patents[edit]

Tarjan holds at least 18 U.S. patents.[13] These include:

  • J. Bentley, D. Sleator, and R. E. Tarjan, U. S. Patent 4,796,003, Data Compaction, 1989[14]
  • N. Mishra, R. Schreiber, and R. E. Tarjan, U. S. Patent 7,818,272, Method for discovery of clusters of objects in an arbitrary undirected graph using a difference between a fraction of internal connections and maximum fraction of connections by an outside object, 2010[15]
  • B. Pinkas, S. Haber, R. E. Tarjan, and T. Sander, U. S. Patent 8220036, Establishing a secure channel with a human user, 2012[16]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.intertrust.com/in-the-news/2014/10/27/princeton-computer-scientist-robert-e-tarjan-appointed-chief-scientist-at-intertrust-technologies
  2. ^ "Nayla Rizk and Robert Tarjan". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-10-28. 
  3. ^ a b Shasha, Dennis Elliott; Lazere, Cathy A. (1998) [1995]. "Robert E. Tarjan: In Search of Good Structure". Out of Their Minds: The Lives and Discoveries of 15 Great Computer Scientists. Copernicus/Springer. pp. 102–119. ISBN 978-0-387-97992-2. OCLC 32240355. 
  4. ^ "Robert Tarjan: The Art of the Algorithm". Hewlett-Packard. Retrieved 2010-09-05. 
  5. ^ "Robert Endre Tarjan". Mathematics Genealogy Project. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  6. ^ Robert, Tarjan. "Curriculum Vitae". 
  7. ^ a b "Robert Endre Tarjan: The art of the algorithm (interview)". Hewlett-Packard. September 2004. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f Turing award citation, ACM, retrieved 2014-01-19.
  9. ^ Kocay, William; Kreher, Donald L (2005). "Planar Graphs". Graphs, algorithms, and optimization. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC. p. 312. ISBN 978-1-58488-396-8. OCLC 56319851. 
  10. ^ http://www.acm.org/awards/fellows_citations_n-z/tarjan.html
  11. ^ Nevanlinna prize winners, International Mathematical Union, retrieved 2014-01-19.
  12. ^ http://media.caltech.edu/press_releases/13332
  13. ^ http://www.cs.princeton.edu/~ret/Vita2012A1.pdf
  14. ^ http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=4,796,003.PN.&OS=PN/4,796,003&RS=PN/4,796,003
  15. ^ http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=7,818,272.PN.&OS=PN/7,818,272&RS=PN/7,818,272
  16. ^ http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8220036.PN.&OS=PN/8220036&RS=PN/8220036

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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