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Boeing 787-8, RR Trent 1000, High power ground run
Boeing 787-8, RR Trent 1000, High power ground run
Published: 2014/01/22
Channel: MrIfixplanes
Rolls-Royce | How we assemble the Trent XWB; the world
Rolls-Royce | How we assemble the Trent XWB; the world's most efficient aero engine
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: Rolls-Royce
Documentary Rolls Royce - How To Build A Jumbo Jet Engine -
Documentary Rolls Royce - How To Build A Jumbo Jet Engine -
Published: 2012/03/16
Channel: GarageArian
Rolls-Royce | How Engines Work
Rolls-Royce | How Engines Work
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Channel: Rolls-Royce
FABULOUS BOEING 787 ROAR!! Latam 787-9 Take Off from Madrid
FABULOUS BOEING 787 ROAR!! Latam 787-9 Take Off from Madrid
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: Fernousdu972 HD Aviation
Rolls Royce Trent 1000 assembly & first test, Montaje y primera prueba
Rolls Royce Trent 1000 assembly & first test, Montaje y primera prueba
Published: 2012/06/30
Channel: Joe te
Boeing 787-8 Trent 1000 Engine Start
Boeing 787-8 Trent 1000 Engine Start
Published: 2013/09/24
Channel: MrIfixplanes
Rolls-Royce | Trent 1000 TEN first flight
Rolls-Royce | Trent 1000 TEN first flight
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: Rolls-Royce
GE-90 VS Trent 800 !!! British Airways 777-200 Epic Showdown @ St. Kitts
GE-90 VS Trent 800 !!! British Airways 777-200 Epic Showdown @ St. Kitts
Published: 2015/06/21
Channel: SKBenergy
Rolls-Royce | Trent 1000 TEN First Flight
Rolls-Royce | Trent 1000 TEN First Flight
Published: 2016/03/24
Channel: Rolls-Royce
Testing Boeing 787-10 Rolls Royce Engines on a 787-8 Dreamliner
Testing Boeing 787-10 Rolls Royce Engines on a 787-8 Dreamliner
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: OwnsGermany
Rolls-Royce | Richard Goodhead speaks about the Trent 1000 TEN engine
Rolls-Royce | Richard Goodhead speaks about the Trent 1000 TEN engine
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: Rolls-Royce
Journey through a Trent engine
Journey through a Trent engine
Published: 2016/02/17
Channel: Rolls-Royce
Boeing 787 Trent 1000 engines
Boeing 787 Trent 1000 engines
Published: 2007/07/09
Channel: Auto-Online 汽車線上情報誌
Genx VS. Trent 1000
Genx VS. Trent 1000
Published: 2010/09/10
Channel: ivanchiang827
Boeing’s ETOPS test of the Rolls Royce Trent 1000 TEN
Boeing’s ETOPS test of the Rolls Royce Trent 1000 TEN
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: Flightradar24
Boeing 787-8, Trent 1000, Thrust Reverser operation.
Boeing 787-8, Trent 1000, Thrust Reverser operation.
Published: 2014/03/25
Channel: MrIfixplanes
Jet engine explosion! - Awesome engine failure of Airbus A380 Rolls-Royce Trent 900
Jet engine explosion! - Awesome engine failure of Airbus A380 Rolls-Royce Trent 900
Published: 2014/09/18
Channel: Gianna Busch
Rolls Royce Trent 895 Start Up | Delta 777-232ER N866DA
Rolls Royce Trent 895 Start Up | Delta 777-232ER N866DA
Published: 2016/05/30
Channel: Tyler H
Rolls-Royce | Tom Barton Talks About The Trent 1000
Rolls-Royce | Tom Barton Talks About The Trent 1000
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: Rolls-Royce
RR Trent 1000 in action
RR Trent 1000 in action
Published: 2015/04/27
Channel: Makeutus
Rolls Royce Trent 1000 Engine powering Boeing 787 Dreamliner at Boeing Museum of Flight
Rolls Royce Trent 1000 Engine powering Boeing 787 Dreamliner at Boeing Museum of Flight
Published: 2015/01/01
Channel: shikharp
ROLLS ROYCE TRENT XWB 97 JET ENGINE
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Published: 2016/04/14
Channel: David Arias
THE ULTIMATE 787 ENGINE SOUND COMPARISON!! Choose your favourite!!
THE ULTIMATE 787 ENGINE SOUND COMPARISON!! Choose your favourite!!
Published: 2017/09/22
Channel: Fernousdu972 HD Aviation
GENX VS TRENT 1000 takeoff sound
GENX VS TRENT 1000 takeoff sound
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: Van Búren G-92
Qatar Airbus A350-900 XWB Takeoff from Doha - Rolls Royce Trent XWB spool up!
Qatar Airbus A350-900 XWB Takeoff from Doha - Rolls Royce Trent XWB spool up!
Published: 2016/12/16
Channel: Paul Stewart
LEGO® Rolls-Royce Trent 1000 Jet Engine - Bright Bricks Timelapse
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Published: 2013/10/03
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Published: 2017/06/24
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Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: 桐屋健
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Published: 2013/06/11
Channel: Bill Sobek
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Published: 2012/07/10
Channel: AirInsight
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Published: 2014/07/19
Channel: shikharp
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Published: 2016/08/15
Channel: Vinay Ganesh
エンジンスタートサウンド Rolls-Royce Trent 1000 Engine Start Sound / ANA B787-8 (Cabin)
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Published: 2016/05/09
Channel: Sky_Bird1903
777-200 Take off / Cruise / Landing - Wonderful sounding Rolls Royce Trent 800 Series!
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Published: 2016/08/06
Channel: cabletvguy
Boeing 787 Dreamliner Derby flyover Rolls Royce Trent 1000
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Published: 2010/07/20
Channel: chillpill187
Rolls Royce Trent 1000 Assembly and Function
Rolls Royce Trent 1000 Assembly and Function
Published: 2015/01/21
Channel: Remy Orans
Kate Middleton inserts a Trent 1000 fan blade to reveal Rolls Royce Seletar
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Published: 2012/09/12
Channel: Gregory Waldron
Rolls Royce Trent 1000 - Model (Boeing 787 Dreamliner Engine)
Rolls Royce Trent 1000 - Model (Boeing 787 Dreamliner Engine)
Published: 2014/07/19
Channel: acnr0
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Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: Ali Saleh Aviation
TSS Boeing 787 Rolls-Royce Trent 1000 HD progress
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Published: 2013/01/30
Channel: Turbine Sound Studios
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Published: 2011/05/28
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Published: 2017/08/31
Channel: Rolls-Royce
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Published: 2014/11/26
Channel: chrahi89
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Published: 2012/07/13
Channel: Rolls-Royce
Inside a Rolls Royce Trent 800 Series Jet Engine!
Inside a Rolls Royce Trent 800 Series Jet Engine!
Published: 2013/10/24
Channel: AusAviation
Rolls-Royce Trent 1000 Flying Test Bed
Rolls-Royce Trent 1000 Flying Test Bed
Published: 2008/05/30
Channel: ilvoloIT
Rolls Royce Trent 1000
Rolls Royce Trent 1000
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: FSAUDIOGUY
Rolls-Royce | First flight of the Trent XWB-97 powered Airbus A350-1000
Rolls-Royce | First flight of the Trent XWB-97 powered Airbus A350-1000
Published: 2016/11/24
Channel: Rolls-Royce
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Trent 1000
Goodwin Hall Entry Rolls Royce T1000.jpg
Rolls Royce Trent 1000 displayed at Virginia Tech
Type Turbofan
National origin United Kingdom
Manufacturer Rolls-Royce plc
First run 14 February 2006
Major applications Boeing 787 Dreamliner
Unit cost US$ 41.7 million incl. support[1]
Developed into Rolls-Royce Trent XWB

Rolls-Royce Trent 7000

The Rolls-Royce Trent 1000 is a British turbofan engine, developed from earlier Trent series engines. The Trent 1000 powered the Boeing 787 Dreamliner on its maiden flight, and on its first commercial flight.

Development[edit]

On 6 April 2004 Boeing announced that it had selected two engine partners for its new 787: Rolls-Royce and General Electric (GE). In June 2004, the first public engine selection was made by Air New Zealand who chose the Trent 1000 for its two firm orders. In the largest 787 order, that of Japan's All Nippon Airways, Rolls-Royce was selected as the engine supplier. The deal is valued at $1bn (£560m) and covers 30 787-3s and 20 787-8s.

The first run of the Trent 1000 was on 14 February 2006.[2] First flight on Rolls-Royce's own flying testbed (a modified Boeing 747-200) was successfully performed on 18 June 2007 from TSTC Waco Airport.[3] The engine received joint certification from the FAA and EASA on 7 August 2007[4] (7-8-7 in Europe).

The Trent 1000 is the launch engine on both initial 787 variants, the -8 with ANA and the -9 with Air New Zealand.[5] On 7 July 2007, Rolls Royce secured its largest ever order from an aircraft leasing company when International Lease Finance Corporation placed an order worth $1.3 billion at list prices for Trent 1000s to power 40 of the 787s which it has on order ($16.25 m per engine).[6] On 27 September 2007 British Airways announced the selection of the Trent 1000 to power 24 Boeing 787 aircraft.

On 2 August 2010, a Trent 1000 suffered an uncontained engine failure of the intermediate turbine on a test stand.[7] It was reported as being due to a fire in the engine oil system.[8]

On 26 October 2011, the 787 flew its first commercial flight from Tokyo Narita Airport to Hong Kong International Airport on All Nippon Airways.[9] It was powered by Trent 1000 engines.

The 787 was introduced in September 2011 with Package A with 1% worse thrust specific fuel consumption (TSFC) than the initial Boeing specification, which was matched by Package B certified in December 2011, then improved by Package C offering 1% better fuel burn than specified and EASA certified in September 2013.[10] From early operations, GE claimed a 2% fuel burn advantage and 1% better performance retention.[11]

In March 2014, of the 787 firm orderbook, Rolls had 321 (31%), GE 564 (55%) and 146 were undecided (14%).[12] The performance improvement packages rectified fuel burn and reliability issues, but problems in the active fleet persist and durability problems with certain components remain for 400 to 500 engines in 2017.[13]

Corrosion-related fatigue cracking of IPT blades was discovered at All Nippon Airways in early 2016. Engines showing excessive corrosion are pulled from service and repaired in a shop visit, more corrosion-resistant blades have been developed and are rolled-out. HPT blades fatigue is checked and IPC rotor seals are inspected but several airlines had to ground 787s. Rolls had to spend about $35 million on unexpected “technical provisions” for its in-service Trent 1000 fleet in 2017.[14]

Trent 1000 TEN[edit]

Rolls-Royce developed an improved version of the Trent 1000, which achieves reduced fuel burn via an improved intermediate pressure compressor, in which the aft (rear) stages spin at higher speeds; three blade blisks were introduced in the new compressor. The engine first ran in mid-2014 and 75% of its parts are new or changed from the 1000.[15]

Rolls-Royce claims that the new design is helping the company reduce General Electric's dominance of the Boeing 787 engine market, with 42% of newly declared engine orders now going to Rolls.[16] It was certified by the EASA in July 2016.[17] Claiming to offer up to 3% lower fuel burn than the competition, it first flew on a Boeing 787 on 7 December 2016.[18] Combining features from the Trent XWB of the Airbus A350 and Advance3 core technology, beginning in 2017 Rolls-Royce will provide the Trent 1000 TEN as its engine option for the Boeing 787.[19]

Meeting smoke-emissions limits at landing and takeoff mode points but not at certain thrusts, in August 2017 Rolls asked the FAA for a temporary exemption through 2019 to develop a modification.[14] European LCC Norwegian Air, Singaporean carrier Scoot and Air New Zealand took delivery of Trent 1000 TEN-powered 787s in November 2017, with the first commercial service on Nov. 23.[20]

Design[edit]

Initially, Boeing toyed with the idea of sole sourcing the powerplant for the 787, with GE being the most likely candidate. However, potential customers demanded choices and Boeing relented.

For the first time in commercial aviation, both engine types will have a standard interface with the aircraft, allowing any 787 to be fitted with either a GE or Rolls-Royce engine at any time as long as the pylon is also modified.[21] Engine interchangeability makes the 787 a more flexible asset to airlines, allowing them to change from one manufacturer's engine to the other's in light of any future engine developments which conform more closely to their operating profile. The cost of such a change would require a significant operating cost difference between the two engine types to make it economical - a difference that does not exist with the engines today.

As with earlier variants of the Trent family, Rolls partnered with risk and revenue sharing partners on the Trent 1000 program. This time there were six partners: Kawasaki Heavy Industries (intermediate compressor module), Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (combustor and low pressure turbine blades), Industria de Turbo Propulsores (low pressure turbine), Carlton Forge Works (fan case), Hamilton Sundstrand (gearbox) and Goodrich Corporation (engine control system). Altogether, these partners have a 35 percent stake in the program.

The Trent 1000 family makes extensive use of technology derived from the Trent 8104 demonstrator. In order to fulfill Boeing's requirement for a "more-electric" engine, the Trent 1000 is a bleedless design, with power take-off from the intermediate-pressure (IP) spool instead of the high-pressure (HP) spool found in other members of the Trent family. A 2.8 m (110 in) diameter swept-back fan, with a smaller diameter hub to help maximize airflow, was specified. The bypass ratio has been increased over previous variants by suitable adjustments to the core flow.

A high pressure ratio along with contra-rotating the IP and HP spools improves efficiency.[22][not in citation given] The use of more legacy components reduces the parts count to minimise maintenance costs. A tiled combustor is featured.

Applications[edit]

Variants[edit]

Variants were certified by the EASA[23]

on 7 August 2007
Trent 1000‐A, Trent 1000‐C, Trent 1000‐D, Trent 1000‐E, Trent 1000‐G, Trent 1000‐H
on 10 September 2013
Trent 1000‐A2, Trent 1000‐C2, Trent 1000‐D2, Trent 1000‐E2, Trent 1000‐G2, Trent 1000‐H2, Trent 1000‐J2, Trent 1000‐K2, Trent 1000‐L2
on 6 May 2015
Trent 1000‐AE, Trent 1000‐CE, Trent 1000‐AE2, Trent 1000‐CE2
on 11 July 2016
Trent 1000‐AE3, Trent 1000‐CE3, Trent 1000‐D3, Trent 1000‐G3, Trent 1000‐H3, Trent 1000‐J3, Trent 1000‐K3, Trent 1000‐L3, Trent 1000‐M3, Trent 1000‐N3, Trent 1000‐P3, Trent 1000‐Q3, Trent 1000‐R3
Trent 1000 variants[23]
Designation Certified Take-off rating Continuous
Trent 1000-A August 2007 69,294 lbf (308.24 kN) 64,722 lbf (287.90 kN)
Trent 1000-C August 2007 74,511 lbf (331.44 kN) 69,523 lbf (309.25 kN)
Trent 1000-D August 2007 74,511 lbf (331.44 kN) 69,523 lbf (309.25 kN)
Trent 1000-E August 2007 62,264 lbf (276.96 kN) 58,866 lbf (261.85 kN)
Trent 1000-G August 2007 72,066 lbf (320.57 kN) 64,722 lbf (287.90 kN)
Trent 1000-H August 2007 63,897 lbf (284.23 kN) 58,866 lbf (261.85 kN)
Trent 1000-Z August 2007 77,826 lbf (346.19 kN)

Specifications[edit]

Trent 1000 on a Boeing 787 prototype

Data from EASA[23]

General characteristics

  • Type: Three-shaft high bypass ratio turbofan engine
  • Length: 4.738 m (186.5 in)
  • Diameter: 285 cm (112 in) (Fan)
  • Dry weight: 5,936–6,120 kg (13,087–13,492 lb)

Components

  • Compressor: one-stage LP (fan), eight-stage IP, six-stage HP compressor
  • Combustors: single annular combustor with 18‐off fuel spray nozzles
  • Turbine: Single-stage HP turbine (13391 RPM), single-stage IP turbine (8937 RPM), six-stage LP turbine (2683 RPM)

Performance

See also[edit]

Comparable engines
Related lists

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rolls-Royce Trent 1000 Engines worth $500m to power Ethiopian Airlines" (Press release). Rolls-Royce. 17 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "Trent 1000 completes testbed run". Flight International. 22 February 2006. 
  3. ^ "Rolls-Royce flies Boeing 787's Trent 1000 engine on 747 testbed". Flight International. 19 June 2007. 
  4. ^ "European and US regulators certify Trent 1000 for Boeing 787". Flight International. 7 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-07. 
  5. ^ "787 special: Starting block". Flight International. 26 September 2006. 
  6. ^ "ILFC selects Rolls-Royce Trent 1000 for 40 Boeing 787s" (Press release). Rolls-Royce. 6 Jul 2007. 
  7. ^ "FAA confirms Trent 1000 failure was uncontained". 2010-08-24. 
  8. ^ Guy Norris (Sep 6, 2010). "Trent 1000 Turbine Rupture Linked To Oil Fire"Paid subscription required. Aviation Week & Space Technology. 
  9. ^ Tim Kelly (26 October 2011). "Dreamliner carries its first passengers and Boeing's hopes". Reuters. 
  10. ^ François Julian (12 Sep 2013). "Nouveau standard de performances pour le Trent 1000". Air & Cosmos (in French). 
  11. ^ Guy Norris (Jun 26, 2012). "Operators Reporting Positive 787 Fuel-Burn Results". Aviation Week. 
  12. ^ Guy Norris. "GE Extends 787 Engine Market Lead Mar 25, 2014". Aviation Week. 
  13. ^ Alex Derber (Aug 10, 2017). "Learning Lessons From The Trent 1000". Aviation Week Network. 
  14. ^ a b Sean Broderick (Aug 31, 2017). "Issues With Newest Engines Provide Early MRO-Proving Opportunities". Aviation Week Network. 
  15. ^ "Perfect Ten" (PDF). The Magazine. Rolls-Royce. Sep 2015. 
  16. ^ Guy Norris (May 15, 2015). "Trent 1000 TEN Results Exceed Pre-Test Predictions". Aviation Week & Space Technology. 
  17. ^ "Rolls-Royce Trent 1000 TEN certified by EASA" (Press release). Rolls-Royce. 11 July 2016. 
  18. ^ "Trent 1000 TEN flies on the Boeing 787" (Press release). Rolls-Royce. 7 December 2016. 
  19. ^ "Civil Aviation Programs To Watch". Aviation Week & Space Technology. Jun 9, 2017. 
  20. ^ Victoria Moores (Nov 24, 2017). "Trent 1000 TEN enters commercial service". Aviation Week Network. 
  21. ^ Gregory Polek (June 11, 2010). "Questions Arise About Practicality of 787 Standard Engine Interface". Aviation International News. 
  22. ^ Charlotte Adams (1 May 2008). "Green Engines". Aviation Today. 
  23. ^ a b c "Type certificate data sheet" (PDF). EASA. 11 July 2016. 
  24. ^ a b "Trent 1000 infographic". Rolls-Royce. 
  25. ^ Priyanka Ojha , K.Raghava (12 March 2013). "Trent 1000 Aircraft Engine". Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology. 

External links[edit]

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