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Rosh HaAyin
  • רֹאשׁ הָעַיִן
  • روش هاعين
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259 Roˀš ha ʕayn
Rosh HaAyin.jpg
Official logo of Rosh HaAyin
Logo
Rosh HaAyin is located in Israel
Rosh HaAyin
Rosh HaAyin
Coordinates: 32°05′44″N 34°57′24″E / 32.09556°N 34.95667°E / 32.09556; 34.95667Coordinates: 32°05′44″N 34°57′24″E / 32.09556°N 34.95667°E / 32.09556; 34.95667
District Central
Founded 1500 BCE (Biblical Aphek)
70 BCE (Herodian city)
1949 (Israeli city)
Government
 • Type City
 • Mayor Shalom Ben Moshe
Area
 • Total 24,390 dunams (24.39 km2 or 9.42 sq mi)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total 45,487
Name meaning Fountainhead
Website Rosh-HaAyin.muni.il

Rosh HaAyin (Hebrew: רֹאשׁ הָעַיִןHebrew pronunciation: [ˌroʃ häˈʔä.in], lit. Fountainhead; Arabic: روش هاعين‎) is a city in the Central District of Israel. To the west of Rosh HaAyin is the fortress of Antipatris and the source of the Yarkon River. To the southeast is the fortress of Migdal Afek (Migdal Tzedek).[2] In 2016 it had a population of 45,487.[1]

History[edit]

ROSH HA'AYIN, YEMENITE IMMIGRANTS in the ma'abara

Rosh HaAyin was founded in the 1949 near the site of ancient Antipatris and the depopulated Arab village of Majdal Yaba (in the 19th century also known as Majdal Sadek). Many of the early residents were religious Yemenite Jews airlifted to Israel in 1949 and 1950 in Operation Magic Carpet. They added Biblical words from Exodus 19:4 to the city's logo: "I (God) carried You on eagles' wings." The place was one of the Israel Ma'abarot (transit camps) in the 1950s.

In the 1990s new neighborhoods were built although the town still has a large Yemenite population.

Rosh HaAyin is named after its location at the source of the Yarkon River (rosh = head, ayin = fountain, spring).

Demographics[edit]

According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), in 2001 the ethnic makeup of the city was 99.8% Jewish, with a predominant number of young people below the age of 19. The population growth rate was 2.5%.

Economy[edit]

Afeq industrial park
Ma'abara (Transit Camp) Rosh Ha-Ayin in 1950

According to the CBS, there were 10,972 salaried workers and 1,033 self-employed in 2000. The mean monthly wage for a salaried worker was NIS 6,595, an increase of 11.2% over the course of 2000. Salaried males had a mean monthly wage of NIS 8,408 (a real change of 7.8%) versus NIS 4,857 for females (a real change of 13.1%). The mean income for the self-employed was 6,853. 628 people received unemployment benefits and 1,057 received an income supplement.

In 2004, the Givot Olam oil company discovered oil at the Meged 5 oil field near Rosh HaAyin.[3][4] It is one of the largest on-shore oil fields in Israel. It began production in 2010 and produces oil as well as some natural gas. Its proven oil reserves are about 1,525 million barrels (242.5×10^6 m3).[5] TTI Telecom is located in Rosh HaAyin.[6]

Education[edit]

According to the CBS, there were 21 schools in Rosh Ha'ayin, with an enrollment of 7,137. Fifteen were elementary schools with an enrollment of 4,749 and 11 were high schools with an enrollment of 2,388. In 2001, 58.8% of Rosh Ha'ayin's 12th grade students were entitled to a matriculation certificate.

Sports[edit]

S.C Rosh Ha'ayin ("Moadon Sport Rosh Ha'ayin"), a football team who plays at "Liga Gimel Sharon".

Notable residents[edit]

Twin cities[edit]

Domestic[edit]

Country City District
Israel Israel Coat of arms of Kiryat Bialik.svg Kiryat Bialik Haifa
Israel Israel Hurfeish Northern District

International[edit]

Country City County / District / Region / State
United States United States Seal of New Orleans, Louisiana.png New Orleans Flag of Louisiana.svg Louisiana
United States United States Flag of Birmingham, Alabama.svg Birmingham Flag of Alabama.svg Alabama
Czech Republic Czech Republic Prague CoA CZ.svg Prague Flag of Prague.svg Prague District
Ukraine Ukraine Coat of Arms of Odessa.svg Odessa Flag of Odesa Oblast.svg Odessa Oblast
Germany Germany Dachau.jpg Dachau Flag of Bavaria (lozengy).svg Bavaria
France France Blason Vanves.svg Vanves Flag of Île-de-France.svg Île-de-France
China China National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Cixi China Zhejiang

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 26, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Rosh Ha'Ayin". Partnerships with Israel. Jewish Agency for Israel. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  3. ^ "חדשות כלכלה, בורסה וצרכנות מהארץ והעולם - דה מרקר". TheMarker. Retrieved 2016-07-12. 
  4. ^ "Givot admits: We can't estimate scope of oil reserves at Meged-5". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 2016-07-12. 
  5. ^ "Gevaot Olam: Meged 5 Oil Field Has 1.5 Billion Barrels". Arutz Sheva. August 17, 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  6. ^ Your Taxes: Israeli firm wins Indian tax case

External links[edit]

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