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Royal Canadian Mounted Police Musical Ride  2016
Royal Canadian Mounted Police Musical Ride 2016
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: Schmidt London.
Royal Canadian Mounted Police-Gendarmerie royale du Canada
Royal Canadian Mounted Police-Gendarmerie royale du Canada
Published: 2012/05/23
Channel: Schmidt London.
RCMP Recruitment Video
RCMP Recruitment Video
Published: 2011/02/10
Channel: TheSafetyMoose
Why Do Mounties Dress That Way? - Alberta, Canada
Why Do Mounties Dress That Way? - Alberta, Canada
Published: 2009/04/01
Channel: CANADA Explore | Explorez
In Memoriam: The Royal Canadian Mounted Police RCMP
In Memoriam: The Royal Canadian Mounted Police RCMP
Published: 2015/01/29
Channel: sanscerveaux
It Gets Better - Royal Canadian Mounted Police (BC)
It Gets Better - Royal Canadian Mounted Police (BC)
Published: 2012/11/05
Channel: rcmptv
The Uniform
The Uniform
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Royal Canadian Mounted Police gives horse to Queen
Royal Canadian Mounted Police gives horse to Queen
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
Royal Canadian Mounted Police – auf Deutschlandtournee
Royal Canadian Mounted Police – auf Deutschlandtournee
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: Reiter Revue
Royal Canadian Mounted Police-Gendarmerie royale du Canada
Royal Canadian Mounted Police-Gendarmerie royale du Canada
Published: 2012/05/25
Channel: Schmidt London.
Royal Canadian Mounted Police gives horse to Queen
Royal Canadian Mounted Police gives horse to Queen
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
*EXTREMELY RARE* 6 West Shore RCMP Units & 2 BC Ambulance Units Responding
*EXTREMELY RARE* 6 West Shore RCMP Units & 2 BC Ambulance Units Responding
Published: 2016/05/16
Channel: Vancouver Island Emergency Photography
RENFREW OF THE ROYAL MOUNTED POLICE.  Danger Ahead. 1940 RCMP Film.
RENFREW OF THE ROYAL MOUNTED POLICE. Danger Ahead. 1940 RCMP Film.
Published: 2013/10/18
Channel: BJ's RECORDS & NOSTALGIA
RAW: Newbie royal Mounties in drill session
RAW: Newbie royal Mounties in drill session
Published: 2015/03/13
Channel: New China TV
RCMP Funeral
RCMP Funeral
Published: 2014/06/12
Channel: vesuvius 888
RCMP-St. Patricks Day Parade NYC 2013
RCMP-St. Patricks Day Parade NYC 2013
Published: 2013/03/17
Channel: petulia67
The Musical Ride
The Musical Ride
Published: 2013/09/25
Channel: NFB
FULL STORY: RCMP Confidential
FULL STORY: RCMP Confidential
Published: 2016/02/21
Channel: 16x9onglobal
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police ( RCMP ) - To Glory(HD)
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police ( RCMP ) - To Glory(HD)
Published: 2011/07/10
Channel: Canadianmatt3
What A 12 Hour Shift Is Like For An RCMP Officer
What A 12 Hour Shift Is Like For An RCMP Officer
Published: 2013/07/19
Channel: CKPGTV
Canada , RCMP Police K-9 Unit - Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Canada , RCMP Police K-9 Unit - Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: K-9 Unit Around the World
Peabody
Peabody's Improbable History - The Royal Mounted Police
Published: 2012/04/10
Channel: bullwinklecanada
RCMP Troop 19 Graduation Day May 11 2015
RCMP Troop 19 Graduation Day May 11 2015
Published: 2015/05/14
Channel: CalvinCanadaA
RCMP Auxiliary Volunteer - Shaw TV Nanaimo
RCMP Auxiliary Volunteer - Shaw TV Nanaimo
Published: 2014/04/11
Channel: Shaw TV Nanaimo
Connected - Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Connected - Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Published: 2013/09/18
Channel: Sound Venture Productions
RCMP Depot Profile (Part 1)
RCMP Depot Profile (Part 1)
Published: 2007/07/09
Channel: Jabbahotep
Red Light Prank RCMP "Royal Canadian Mountain Police Prank" :(
Red Light Prank RCMP "Royal Canadian Mountain Police Prank" :(
Published: 2014/04/09
Channel: Viking Leif Ericson
Gendarmerie royale du Canada- Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Gendarmerie royale du Canada- Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Published: 2012/05/14
Channel: Schmidt London.
GTA 5 LSPDFR Police Mod Ep 67 |  RCMP Royal Canadian Mounted Police | CVPI, Charger,Explorer & Tahoe
GTA 5 LSPDFR Police Mod Ep 67 | RCMP Royal Canadian Mounted Police | CVPI, Charger,Explorer & Tahoe
Published: 2015/12/29
Channel: Acepilot2k7
Gendarmerie royale du Canada- Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Gendarmerie royale du Canada- Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Published: 2012/05/16
Channel: Schmidt London.
RCMP Musical Ride - in HD (Ottawa Canada)
RCMP Musical Ride - in HD (Ottawa Canada)
Published: 2014/08/11
Channel: Burke BunchTV
The Horses of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
The Horses of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Published: 2016/03/20
Channel: Jab TV
Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Horseguard
Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Horseguard's Parade London
Published: 2012/05/24
Channel: Mike TV
RCMP, Police and Army all marching together to Moncton Coliseum
RCMP, Police and Army all marching together to Moncton Coliseum
Published: 2014/06/11
Channel: rockboots64
RCMP Royal Canadian mounted Police pipes and drums & Dancers International Tattoo Belgium 2014
RCMP Royal Canadian mounted Police pipes and drums & Dancers International Tattoo Belgium 2014
Published: 2014/10/12
Channel: kusters25
RCMP Musical Ride The Dome, Charge & Drills at PNE 2010 Vancouver
RCMP Musical Ride The Dome, Charge & Drills at PNE 2010 Vancouver
Published: 2010/09/09
Channel: Ray Van Eng
The Tenors - All the Queen
The Tenors - All the Queen's Horses - A Diamond Jubilee Special
Published: 2012/06/18
Channel: The Tenors
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police Drill Display
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police Drill Display
Published: 2009/04/13
Channel: Winnie9212
RCMP Releases video on the dangers of fentanyl
RCMP Releases video on the dangers of fentanyl
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Royal Canadian Mounted Police Precision Drill Team
Royal Canadian Mounted Police Precision Drill Team
Published: 2014/05/18
Channel: Agriculture Television
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Multiple Surrey RCMP Responding & Arriving
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: Canadian Emergency Buff
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Adventures by Disney Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Published: 2012/06/19
Channel: orlandoexaminer
"We Hurt You": Royal Canadian Mounted Police
"We Hurt You": Royal Canadian Mounted Police's Apology to Female Officers
Published: 2016/10/07
Channel: CCTV+
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police Musical Ride
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police Musical Ride
Published: 2012/06/01
Channel: RadioLynxContent
RCMP Musical Ride - Calgary Stampede 2014
RCMP Musical Ride - Calgary Stampede 2014
Published: 2014/07/13
Channel: The Calgary Stampede
Alain Lamothe, Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Alain Lamothe, Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Published: 2016/04/13
Channel: INTERPOL
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How to Remove Royal Canadian Mounted Police Virus
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Royal Canadian Mounted Police Musical Ride Topsfield Fair 2012
Royal Canadian Mounted Police Musical Ride Topsfield Fair 2012
Published: 2012/10/02
Channel: Topsfield Fair
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
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Channel: Topsfield Fair
GTA 5 LSPDFR - Day 38 | Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP GRC)
GTA 5 LSPDFR - Day 38 | Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP GRC)
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: Not AJ
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Gendarmerie royale du Canada (French)
Abbreviation RCMP/GRC
Royal Canadian Mounted Police.svg
Heraldic badge of the RCMP
Flag of the RCMP.svg
Ensign
Motto Maintiens le droit
"Defending the Law"[1][2]
Agency overview
Formed February 1, 1920; 97 years ago (1920-02-01)[3]
Preceding agencies
Employees 28,461 (2015)
Volunteers Approximately 1,600 Auxiliary Constables[4]
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agency Canada
Constituting instruments
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters M. J. Nadon Government of Canada Building
73 Leikin Drive
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R2[5]
Sworn members
Unsworn members
Elected officer responsible The Honourable Ralph Goodale, Minister of Public Safety
Agency executives
Parent agency Public Safety Canada
Divisions
Facilities
Detachments
Vehicles
Patrol vessels 5
Fixed-wings 26[8]
Helicopters 9[8]
Website
www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca
Footnotes
While a federal agency, the RCMP also provides direct policing to dependent territories.

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP; French: Gendarmerie royale du Canada (GRC), "Royal Gendarmerie of Canada"; colloquially known as the Mounties, and internally as "the Force") is both a federal and a national police force of Canada. The RCMP provides law enforcement at a federal level in Canada, and also on a contract basis to the three territories, eight of Canada's provinces (the RCMP does not provide provincial or municipal policing in either Ontario or Quebec), more than 150 municipalities, 600 aboriginal communities, and three international airports.[9]

Overview[edit]

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) was formed in 1920 by the merger of the Royal Northwest Mounted Police (RNWMP, founded in 1873) with the Dominion Police (founded in 1868). The former was originally named the North-West Mounted Police (NWMP), and was given the Royal prefix by King Edward VII in 1904. Much of the present day organization's symbolism has been inherited from its days as the NWMP and RNWMP, including the distinctive Red Serge uniform, paramilitary heritage, and mythos as a frontier force. The RCMP-GRC wording is protected under the Trade-marks Act.[10]

Mounties on parade, 2016

Despite its name, the RCMP is not an actual mounted police, with horses only being used at ceremonial events. The predecessor NWMP and RNWMP had relied on horses for transport for most of their history, though the RNWMP was switching to automobiles at the time of the merger.

As Canada's national police force, the RCMP is primarily responsible for enforcing federal laws throughout Canada while general law and order including the enforcement of the Criminal Code and applicable provincial legislation is constitutionally the responsibility of the provinces and territories. Larger cities may form their own municipal police departments.

The two most populous provinces, Ontario and Quebec, maintain provincial forces: the Ontario Provincial Police and Sûreté du Québec. The other eight provinces contract policing responsibilities to the RCMP. The RCMP provides front-line policing in those provinces under the direction of the provincial governments. When Newfoundland joined the confederation in 1949, the RCMP entered the province and absorbed the then Newfoundland Ranger Force, which patrolled most of Newfoundland's rural areas. The Royal Newfoundland Constabulary patrols urban areas of the province. In the territories, the RCMP is the sole territorial police force. Many municipalities throughout Canada contract to the RCMP. Thus, the RCMP polices at the federal, provincial, and municipal level. In several areas of Canada, it is the only police force.

The RCMP is responsible for an unusually large breadth of duties. Under their federal mandate, the RCMP police throughout Canada, including Ontario and Quebec (albeit under smaller scales there). Federal operations include: enforcing federal laws including commercial crime, counterfeiting, drug trafficking, border integrity, organized crime, and other related matters; providing counter-terrorism and domestic security; providing protection services for the Monarch, Governor General, Prime Minister, their families and residences, and other ministers of the Crown, visiting dignitaries, and diplomatic missions; and participating in various international policing efforts.

Under provincial and municipal contracts the RCMP provides front-line policing in all areas outside of Ontario and Quebec that do not have an established local police force. There are detachments located in small villages in the far north, remote First Nations reserves, and rural towns, but also larger cities such as Surrey, British Columbia (population 468,251+). There, support units investigate for their own detachments, and smaller municipal police forces. Investigations include major crimes, homicides, forensic identification, collision forensics, police dogs, emergency response teams, explosives disposal, and undercover operations. Under its National Police Services branch the RCMP supports all police forces in Canada via the Canadian Police Information Centre, Criminal Intelligence Service Canada, Forensic Science and Identification Services, Canadian Firearms Program, and the Canadian Police College.

The RCMP Security Service was a specialized political intelligence and counterintelligence branch with national security responsibilities, replaced by the Canadian Security Intelligence Service in 1984, following revelations of illegal covert operations relating to the Quebec separatist movement.[11] CSIS is not part of the RCMP, but is its own entity.

History[edit]

Founding[edit]

North-West Mounted Police trooper, c.1900

Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald first began planning a permanent force to patrol the North-West Territories after the Dominion of Canada purchased the territory from the Hudson's Bay Company. Reports from Army officers surveying the territory led to the recommendation that a mounted force of between 100 to 150 mounted riflemen could maintain law and order. The Prime Minister first announced the force as the North West Mounted Rifles. However, officials in the United States raised concerns that an armed force along the border was a prelude to a military buildup. Macdonald then renamed the force the North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) when formed in 1873.[12]

The force added "Royal" to its name in 1904. It merged with the Dominion Police, the main police force for all points east of Manitoba, in 1920 and was renamed as the "Royal Canadian Mounted Police". The new organization was charged with federal law enforcement in all the provinces and territories, and immediately established its modern role as protector of Canadian national security, as well as assuming responsibility for national counterintelligence.

As part of its national security and intelligence functions, the RCMP infiltrated ethnic or political groups considered to be dangerous to Canada. This included the Communist Party of Canada, but also a variety of minority cultural and nationalist groups. The force was also deeply involved in immigration matters, and especially deportations of suspected radicals. They were especially concerned with Ukrainian groups, both nationalist and socialist.[13] The Chinese community was also targeted because of a perceived link to opium dens. Historians estimate fully two per cent of the Chinese community was deported between 1923 and 1932, largely under the provisions of the Opium and Narcotics Drugs Act (ONDA).[14] Besides the RCMP's new responsibilities in intelligence, drugs enforcement, and immigration, the force also assisted numerous other federal agencies with tasks such as enforcing the residential school system for Aboriginal children.

Mountie, c.1935

In 1935, the RCMP, collaborating with the Regina Police Service, crushed the On-to-Ottawa Trek by sparking the Regina Riot, in which one city police officer and one protester were killed. The Trek, which had been organized to call attention to the abysmal conditions in relief camps, therefore failed to reach Ottawa, but nevertheless had profound political reverberations.

The RCMP employed special constables to assist with strikebreaking in the interwar period. For a brief period in the late 1930s, a volunteer militia group, the Legion of Frontiersmen were affiliated with the RCMP. Many members of the RCMP belonged to this organization, which was prepared to serve as an auxiliary force. In later years, special constables performed duties such as policing airports and, in some Canadian provinces, the court houses.

In 1932, men and vessels of the Preventive Service, National Revenue, were absorbed, creating the RCMP Marine Section. The acquisition of the RCMP schooner St. Roch facilitated the first effective patrol of Canada's Arctic territory. It was the first vessel to navigate the Northwest Passage from west to east (1940–42), the first to navigate the Passage in one season (from Halifax to Vancouver in 1944), the first to sail either way through the Passage in one season, and the first to circumnavigate North America (1950).[15]

Counterintelligence work was moved from the RCMP's Criminal Investigation Department to a specialized intelligence branch, the RCMP Security Service, in 1939.

Post-war[edit]

On April 1, 1949, Newfoundland joined in full confederation with Canada and the Newfoundland Ranger Force amalgamated with the RCMP.

Following the 1945 defection of Soviet cipher clerk, Igor Gouzenko, and his revelations of espionage, the RCMP Security Service implemented measures to screen out "subversive" elements from the public sector.[16]

Queen Elizabeth II approved in Regina, Saskatchewan on July 4, 1973, a new badge for the RCMP, in recognition of which the force presented the sovereign with a tapestry rendering of the new design.[17]

In the late 1970s, revelations surfaced that the RCMP Security Service force had in the course of their intelligence duties engaged in crimes such as burning a barn and stealing documents from the separatist Parti Québécois, and other abuses. This led to the Royal Commission of Inquiry into Certain Activities of the RCMP, better known as the "McDonald Commission," named for the presiding judge, Mr Justice David Cargill McDonald. The Commission recommended that the force's intelligences duties be removed in favour of the creation of a separate intelligence agency, the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS).

Modern era[edit]

A member of the RCMP rides at the 2008 Calgary Stampede

In 1993, the Special Emergency Response Team (SERT), were transferred to the Canadian Forces (CF), creating a new unit called Joint Task Force 2 (JTF2). JTF2 inherited some equipment and SERT's former training base near Ottawa.

In 2006, the United States Coast Guard's Ninth District and the RCMP began a program called "Shiprider," in which 12 Mounties from the RCMP detachment at Windsor and 16 US Coast Guard boarding officers from stations in Michigan ride in each other's vessels. The intent is to allow for seamless enforcement of the international border.[18]

On June 3, 2013, the RCMP renamed its 'A' Division to National Division and tasked it with handling corruption cases "at home and abroad".[19]

On December 6, 2006, RCMP Commissioner Giuliano Zaccardelli resigned after admitting that his earlier testimony about the Maher Arar terrorist case was inaccurate. The RCMP's actions were scrutinized by the Commission of Inquiry into the Actions of Canadian Officials in Relation to Maher Arar.

Two officers were found guilty of perjury and sentenced to jail for their actions in the 2007 Robert Dziekański Taser incident in Vancouver.

In 2007, the RCMP was named Newsmaker of the Year by The Canadian Press.[20]

Famous cases[edit]

History of the RCMP uniform[edit]

RCMP officer in dress uniform

The RCMP are famous for their distinctive dress uniform, or "Review Order," popularly known as the "Red Serge." It has a high collared scarlet tunic, midnight blue breeches with yellow leg stripe, Sam Browne belt with white sidearm lanyard, oxblood riding boots (possibly with spurs), brown felt campaign hat (wide, flat brimmed) with the characteristic "Montana crease", and brown gloves (with brown leather gauntlets for riders). Members wear the Review Order during the Musical Ride, an equestrian drill in which mounted members show their riding skills and handling of the cavalry lance. On normal duties, the RCMP uses standard police methods, equipment, and uniforms. The RCMP uses horses for ceremonial operations such as escorting the Governor General's open landau to the Opening of Parliament.

Tunic
The Red Serge tunic that identified the NWMP and later the RNWMP and RCMP, is the standard British military pattern (based on the civilian Norfolk jacket[24]). Originally kitted from militia stores, the NWMP later adopted a standard style that emphasized the force's British heritage and differentiated it from the blue American military uniforms. In 1904, dark blue shoulder straps and collars replaced the uniform's scarlet facings [25] when King Edward VII granted the Force "Royal" status for its service in the Second Boer War. Today, RCMP personnel under the rank of inspector wear blue "gorget" patches on the collar, while officers from inspector to commissioner wear solid blue collars and blue pointed-sleeve cuffs.
Members once wore a white haversack on top of this jacket and white gauntlets,[24] which contrasted with the red tunic. The modern dress uniform replaces these easily-dirtied items with brown leather riding gloves and carrying pouches on the belt.
Hat
Although the NWMP contingent at Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee wore the flat-brimmed Stetson, the RCMP did not adopt it until about 1904. The original primary summer headdress was the white British foreign service helmet, also known as a pith helmet. This was an impractical choice for the Canadian west, and RCMP members wore a Stetson type hat on patrol and around camp. Sam Steele is often credited with introducing the Stetson-type hat, and when he left the force to command Lord Strathcona's Horse in South Africa, his unit adopted the Stetson. During winter, members wore a Canadian military fur wedge cap or busby. In British Columbia, the hat features a black bearskin rim belt.
Breeches
The NWMP wore buff or steel grey breeches [24] until they adopted dark blue breeches with yellow-gold strapping (stripes). Members often exchanged kit with U.S. cavalry units, and while some believe this was the source for the breeches, the NWMP considered adopting blue breeches with a white strap. Dark blue with yellow-gold strapping is a British cavalry tradition, and most cavalry (later armoured) regiments' dress uniforms feature yellow stripes.
Boots
Black riding boots changed to the modern brown style called "Strathcona Boots" or informally as "high browns" (See link to Lord Strathcona's Horse) and the original crossbelts changed to the brown Sam Browne type. The brown colour of the boots and belt the RCMP wear with the Red Serge are from members who applied coats of polish, often during training at Depot Division.
Spurs
The RCMP's original spurs, known as "long shank spurs," were solid nickel. Their owners occasionally had their regimental number engraved on the inside, and some replaced the rowel with a US buffalo nickel[citation needed] to complement the Mounted Police capbadge and avoid using a Canadian coin that would deface the monarch. The RCMP last issued long shank spurs in 1968.

Sidearms are standard now, but were often not worn in the early years.

RCMP in everyday uniform
Everyday Uniform
The everyday uniform is a grey shirt with dark blue tie, dark blue trousers with gold strapping, regular patrol boots called "ankle boots," regular duty equipment, and a regular policeman's style cap. Members on operational duty wear a blue Gore-Tex open-collar jacket (patrol jacket), while sergeants major and certain non-commissioned officers (NCOs) involved in recruit training or media relations wear a dark blue jacket (blue serge). Depending on their duties, officers wear white shirts and the patrol jacket or blue serge. During the summer, officers wear a tie with a short-sleeved shirt, and other members wear short-sleeved shirts. Winter dress is a long-sleeved shirt without tie for all members except officers, who wear a tie with the long-sleeved shirt. In colder weather, members may wear heavier boots, winter coats (storm coats) and a fur cap.

In 1990, Baltej Singh Dhillon became the RCMP's first Sikh officer to be allowed to wear a turban instead of the traditional Stetson.[26] On March 15, the federal government, despite protests, decided they would allow Sikhs to wear turbans while on duty as RCMP officers as had been the practice for Sikh members of Canadian Forces for decades.

Despite ongoing pressure from groups such as the Association for the Protection of Fur-Bearing Animals,[27] the RCMP uses muskrat fur in their winter dress uniform. The RCMP originally decided not to use fur, but the government overruled them.

Decorations[edit]

The RCMP awards its Royal Canadian Mounted Police Long Service Medal to members who have completed 20 years' service. A clasp is awarded for each successive 5 years to 40 years. Members also receive a Service Badge star for each five years' service, which is worn on the left sleeve. There are specialist insignia for positions such as first aid instructor and dog handler, and pilot's wings are worn by aviators. Sharpshooter badges for proficiency in pistol or rifle shooting are each awarded in two grades.[28]

Women in the RCMP[edit]

On May 23, 1974, RCMP Commissioner Maurice Nadon announced that the RCMP would accept applications from women as regular members of the force. Troop 17 was the first group of 32 females at Depot in Regina on September 18 and 19, 1974 for regular training. This first all-female troop graduated from Depot on March 3, 1975.

RCMP officer, 2011

After initially wearing different unflattering uniforms, women officers were finally issued the standard RCMP uniforms. Now all officers are identically attired, with two exceptions. The ceremonial dress uniform, or "walking-out order", for female members has a long, blue skirt and higher-heeled slip-on pumps plus small black clutch purse (however, in 2012 the RCMP began to allow women to wear trousers and boots with all their formal uniforms.[29]) The second exception is the official maternity uniform for pregnant female officers assigned to administrative duties.

The following years saw the first women attain certain positions.

  • 1981: corporal, musical ride
  • 1987: foreign post
  • 1990: detachment commander
  • 1992: commissioned officer
  • 1998: Assistant Commissioner

From December 15, 2006, to July 2007, Beverley Busson served as interim Commissioner of the RCMP, making her the first woman to hold the top position in the force. She was replaced by William J. S. Elliott on July 6, 2007, (Elliott was sworn in on July 16—the first civilian to lead the RCMP.)[30][31]

Military status[edit]

Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Gendarmerie royale du Canada
Guidon Royal Canadian Mounted Police.JPG
Guidon of the RCMP
Active 1873–present
Country Canada
Type Dragoons
Size 15 divisions
Garrison/HQ RHQ—Ottawa
Nickname(s) The Mounties
Motto(s) Maintiens le droit (Defending the law)[2][32]
Battle honours see Battle honours
Commanders
Current
commander
Bob Paulson (Commissioner)
Commissioner-in-Chief HM The Queen
Honorary Commissioner HRH The Prince of Wales[33]
Honorary Deputy Commissioner HRH The Earl of Wessex[34]
Insignia
Tartan RCMP
Abbreviation RCMP/GRC

Although the RCMP is a civilian police force, in 1921, following the service of many of its members during the First World War, King George V awarded the force the status of a regiment of dragoons, entitling it to display the battle honours it had been awarded.

Service in wartime[edit]

During the Second Boer War, members of the North-West Mounted Police were given leaves of absence to join the 2nd Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles (CMR) and Strathcona's Horse. The force raised the Canadian Mounted Rifles, mostly from NWMP members, for service in South Africa. For the CMR's distinguished service there, King Edward VII honoured the NWMP by changing the name to the Royal Northwest Mounted Police (RNWMP) on June 24, 1904.

During the First World War, the Royal Northwest Mounted Police (RNWMP) conducted border patrols, surveillance of enemy aliens, and enforcement of national security regulations within Canada. However, RNWMP officers also served overseas. On August 6, 1914, a squadron of volunteers from the RNWMP was formed to serve with the Canadian Light Horse in France. In 1918, two more squadrons were raised, A Squadron for service in France and Flanders and B Squadron for service in the Canadian Siberian Expeditionary Force

In September 1939, at the outset of the Second World War, the Canadian Army had no military police. Five days after war was declared the Royal Canadian Mounted Police received permission to form a Provost Company of Force volunteers. It was designated No. 1 Provost Company (RCMP), and became the Canadian Provost Corps. Six months after war was declared its members were overseas in Europe and served throughout the Second World War as military police.

Honours[edit]

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police were accorded the status of a regiment of Dragoons in 1921, with its first guidon presented in 1935.[35][36] As a cavalry regiment, the RCMP was entitled to wear battle honours for its war service as well as carry a guidon. The RCMP mounted the King's Life Guard at Horse Guards Parade in 1937 leading up to the coronation of King George VI. The RCMP mounted the Queen's Life Guard in May 2012 during celebrations of Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee.[37]

Battle honours

  • North West Canada 1885
  • South Africa 1900–02
  • The Great War: France and Flanders 1918, Siberia 1918–19
  • The Second World War: Europe, 1939–45

Honorary distinction:

  • The badge of the Canadian Provost Corps (Military Police), presented September 21, 1957, at a Parliament Hill ceremony for contributions to the Corps during the Second World War

Legacy[edit]

In 1975, the RCMP dedicated a memorial beside the Fred Light Museum in Battleford, Saskatchewan, consisting of a cemetery with gate, cairn and list of honour plaque to the members of the North-West Mounted Police (1873–1904) and the RCMP.[38]

Organization[edit]

International[edit]

The RCMP International Operations Branch assists the Liaison Officer (LO) Program to deter international crime relating to Canadian criminal laws. The IOB is a section of the International Policing, which is part of the RCMP Federal and International Operations Directorate. Thirty-seven Liaison Officers are placed in 23 other countries and are responsible for organizing Canadian investigations in other countries, developing and maintaining the exchange of criminal intelligence, especially national security with other countries, to provide assistance in investigations that directly affect Canada, to coordinate and assist RCMP officers on foreign business and to represent the RCMP at international meetings.[39] Liaison Officers are located in:

RCMP Pipe Band

The RCMP was a member agency in the Afghan Threat Finance Cell, and RCMP officers were embedded with military units in Afghanistan.[40]

National[edit]

The RCMP is organized under the authority of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Act. In accordance with the Act, it is headed by the Commissioner, who, under the direction of the Minister of Public Safety, has the control and management of the Force and all matters connected therewith. The RCMP is provided with a senior executive committee (SEC) which[41]

The Commissioner is assisted by Deputy Commissioners in charge of:[42]

  • Federal and International Policing
  • Police Support Services
  • Contract and Aboriginal Policing
  • Human Resources
  • East
    • Ontario ("O" Division)
    • National Division (Formerly "A" Division)
    • National Headquarters
    • Quebec ("C" Division)
    • New Brunswick ("J" Division)
    • Nova Scotia ("H" Division)
    • Prince Edward Island ("L" Division)
    • Newfoundland and Labrador ("B" Division)
  • West
    • British Columbia ("E" Division)
    • Alberta ("K" Division)
    • Saskatchewan ("F" Division)
    • Manitoba ("D" Division)
    • Yukon ("M" Division)
    • Northwest Territories ("G" Division)
    • Nunavut ("V" Division)

Divisions[edit]

The RCMP divides the country into divisions for command purposes. In general, each division is coterminous with a province (for example, C Division is Quebec). The province of Ontario, however, is divided into two divisions: National Division (Ottawa) and O Division (rest of the province). There is one additional division – Depot Division, which is the RCMP Academy at Regina, Saskatchewan, and the Police Dog Service Training Centre[43] at Innisfail, Alberta. The RCMP headquarters are located in Ottawa, Ontario.

National Division building in Ottawa
  • National Division (formerly A Division): National Capital Region (Ottawa, Ontario, and Gatineau, Quebec)[44]
  • B Division: Newfoundland and Labrador[45]
  • C Division: Quebec[46]
  • D Division: Manitoba[46]
  • E Division: British Columbia[47]
  • F Division: Saskatchewan[48]
  • G Division: Northwest Territories[49]
  • H Division: Nova Scotia[50]
  • J Division: New Brunswick[51]
  • K Division: Alberta[52]
  • L Division: Prince Edward Island[53]
  • M Division: Yukon[54]
  • O Division: Ontario[55]
  • V Division: Nunavut[56]
  • Depot Division at Regina and the Police Dog Service Training Centre[43] at Innisfail.

Detachments[edit]

The RCMP formerly had many single-officer detachments in small, isolated rural communities,[57][58] but in 2012 the RCMP announced that it would be closing these detachments as it moves to have all detachments with a minimum of three Mounties.[58]

The largest single RCMP detachment is in the City of Surrey in British Columbia, with over a thousand employees. Surrey has contracted with the RCMP for policing services since 1951.[59] The second-largest RCMP detachment is in Burnaby, also in British Columbia.[60]

Personal Protection Group[edit]

The Personal Protection Group or PPG is a 180-member group responsible for security details for VIPs, the prime minister, and the governor general.[61] It was created after the 1995 incident at 24 Sussex Drive.[62]

Units under the PPG consists of:

Personnel[edit]

New recruits at academy

As of September 1, 2015, the RCMP employed 28,461 men and women, including police officers, civilian members, and Public Service Employees.[6]

Actual personnel strength by ranks:

  • Commissioner 1
  • Deputy commissioner 7
  • Assistant commissioner 26
  • Chief superintendent 58
  • Superintendent 179
  • Inspector 345
  • Corps sergeant major 1
  • Sergeants major 1
  • Staff sergeants major 13
  • Staff sergeants 812
  • Sergeants 1,923
  • Corporals 3,377
  • Constables 11,491
  • Special constables 55
  • Civilian members 3,838
  • Public servants 6,331
  • Total 28,461

Regular members[edit]

The term regular member, or RM, originates from the RCMP Act and refers to the 18,988 regular RCMP officers who are trained and sworn as peace officers, and include all the ranks from constable to commissioner. They are the police officers of the RCMP and are responsible for investigating crime and have the authority to make arrests. RMs operate in over 750 detachments, including 200 municipalities and more than 600 Aboriginal communities. RMs are normally assigned to general policing duties at an RCMP detachment for a minimum of three years. These duties allow them to experience a broad range of assignments and experiences, such as responding to alarms, foot patrol, bicycle patrol, traffic enforcement, collecting evidence at crime scenes, testifying in court, apprehending criminals and plain clothes duties. Regular members also serve in over 150 different types of operational and administrative opportunities available within the RCMP, these include: major crime investigations, emergency response, forensic identification, forensic collision reconstruction, international peacekeeping, bike or marine patrol, explosives disposal and police dog services. Also included are administrative roles including human resources, corporate planning, policy analysis and public affairs.

Auxiliary constables and other staff[edit]

Besides the regular RCMP officers, several types of designations exist which give them assorted powers and responsibilities over policing issues.

Currently, there are:

  • Community Constables: not reported
  • Reserve Constables : not reported
  • Auxiliary Constables: 2,400+[63]
  • Community Safety Officers: 16
  • Aboriginal Community Constables: 7[64]
  • Special Constables: 78[6]
  • Civilian Members: 3,760[6]
  • Public servants: 6,194[6]
Community Constables (CC)
A new designation introduced in 2014 as a replacement to the Community Safety Officers & Aboriginal Community Constables pilot programs.[65][66] Community Constables are armed, paid members holding the rank of Special Constables, with peace officer power.[67] They are to provide a bridge between the local citizens and the RCMP using their local and cultural knowledge[68] They will mostly be focused on crime prevention, liaison with the community, and to provide resources in the event of a large-scale event.[69]
Reserve Constables (R/Cst.)
A program reinstated in 2004 in British Columbia to allow for retired, regular RCMP members or other provincially trained officers to provide extra manpower when a shortage is identified.[70] R/Cst. are appointed under Section 11 of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Act as paid part-time, armed officers with the same powers as regular members.[71] However, they are not allowed to carry force-issued sidearms and use of force options unless they are called upon to duty.[70] They generally carry out community policing roles but may also be called upon if an emergency occurs.[70][72]
Auxiliary constables (A/Cst.)
Volunteers within their own community, appointed under provincial police acts.[63] They are not police officers and can not identify themselves as such. However, they are given peace officer powers when on duty with a regular member (RM). Their duties consist mainly of assisting the RM in routine events, for example cordoning off crime scene areas, crowd control, participating in community policing, assistance during situations where regular members might be overwhelmed with their duties (e.g., keep watch of a backseat detainee while RM interviews a victim). They are identified by the wording of "RCMP Auxiliary" on cars, jackets and shoulder flashes.
Community Safety Officers (CSO)
In 2008, a new pilot designation within the RCMP in British Columbia was created based on the UK Police Community Support Officer program. Community safety officers are paid, unarmed RCMP staff members with similar RCMP uniform but distinct shoulder badges with baton, pepper spray and handcuffs.[73][74] CSOs work with regular members in five areas: community safety; crime prevention; traffic support; community policing and investigation support.[75] They are peace officers but are not police officers.[76] CSOs are appointed as special constable under the RCMP Act.[77] The CSO program is scheduled to be dismantled in 2015.[66]
Aboriginal Community Constables (ACC)
A pilot program that began in April 2011 where ACCs are armed, uniformed peace officers who are engaged in policing activities in their home First Nations and Inuit communities in Northwest Territories, Manitoba, Alberta, and Nunavut.[77] Their function is to engage their communities in active crime prevention/reduction activities, and building positive relationships between their communities and the RCMP but can also provide tactical, enforcement and investigational support to core resources as a secondary function.[77][78] The program is scheduled to be merged into the Community Constable program in 2015.[65]
Special constables (S/Cst.)
Employees of the RCMP, they have varied duties depending on where they are deployed, but are often given this designation because of an expertise they possess which needs to be applied in a certain area. For example, an Aboriginal person might be appointed a special constable in order to assist regular members as they police an Aboriginal community where English is not well understood, and where the special constable speaks the language well.
From the early years of policing in northern Canada, and well into the 1950s, local aboriginal people were hired by the RCMP as special constables and were employed as guides and to obtain and care for sled dog teams. Many of these former special constables still reside in the North to this day and are still involved in regimental functions of the RCMP.
Civilian members of the RCMP
While not delegated the powers of police officers, they are instead hired for their specialized scientific, technological, communications and administrative skills. Since the RCMP is a multi-faceted law enforcement organization with responsibilities for federal, provincial and municipal policing duties, it offers employment opportunities for civilian members as professional partners within Canada's national police force.

Civilian members represent approximately 14% of the total RCMP employee population, and are employed within RCMP establishments in most geographical areas of Canada. The following is a list of the most common categories of employment that may be available to interested and qualified individuals.

Public Service Employees
Also referred to as Public Servants, PSes or PSEs, they provide much of the administrative support for the RCMP in the form of detachment clerks and other administrative support at the headquarters level. They are not police officers, do not wear a uniform, have no police authority and are not bound by the RCMP Act.
Municipal Employees

Abbreviated as "ME" they are found in RCMP detachments where a contract exists with a municipality to provide front-line policing. MEs are not actually employees of the RCMP, but are instead employed by the local municipality to work in the RCMP detachment. They conduct the same duties that a PSE would and are required to meet the same reliability and security clearance to do so. Many detachment buildings house a combination of municipal and provincially funded detachments, and therefore there are often PSEs and MEs found working together in them.

Ranks[edit]

The rank system of the RCMP illustrates their origin as a paramilitary force. The insignia were based upon the Canadian Army (and British Army) of the time, which is almost identical to that of the current Canadian Army. Higher ranks have been increased over the years since the formation of the force, whereas the rank of inspector, which was initially a subaltern, is now a field officer level, the lower officer ranks having been dropped. With the military introducing the warrant officer, the RCMP non-commissioned officers were maintained using the older military style.[80]

The numbers are current as of September 1, 2015:[6]

COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
Commissioner Deputy Commissioner Assistant Commissioner Chief Superintendent Superintendent Inspector
Commissaire Sous-commissaire Commissaire adjoint Surintendant principal Surintendant Inspecteur
1 7 26 58 179 348
RCMP Commissioner.png
RCMP Deputy Commissioner.png
RCMP Assistant Commissioner.png
RCMP Chief Superintendent.png
RCMP Superintendent.png
RCMP Inspector.png
NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
Corps Sergeant Major Sergeant Major Staff Sergeant Major Staff Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Constable
Sergent-major du corps Sergent-major Sergent-major d'état major Sergent d'état-major Sergent Caporal Gendarme
1 1 13 812 1,923 3,377 11,491
RCMP Corps Sergeant Major.png
RCMP Sergeant Major.png
RCMP Staff Sergeant Major.png
RCMP Staff Sergeant.png
RCMP Sergeant.png
RCMP Corporal.png
No Insignia

The ranks of inspector and higher are commissioned ranks and are appointed by the Governor-in-Council. Depending on the dress, badges are worn on the shoulder as slip-ons, on shoulder boards, or directly on the epaulettes. The lower ranks are non-commissioned officers and the insignia continues to be based on British army patterns. Since 1990, the non-commissioned officers' rank insignia has been embroidered on the epaulette slip-ons. Non-commissioned rank badges are worn on the right sleeve of the scarlet/blue tunic and blue jacket. The constables wear no rank insignia. There are also Special Constables, Reserve Constables, Auxiliary Constables, and Students who wear identifying insignia.

The Bath star represents the military Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath.

Equipment and vehicles[edit]

Land fleet[edit]

A Ford Taurus cruiser in an Ottawa field.
RCMP truck at the G20 summit in Toronto

RCMP Land Transport Fleet Inventory includes:[81]

  • Cars: 5,330
  • Unmarked vehicles: 2,811
  • Light Trucks: 2,090
  • Heavy Trucks: 123
  • SUVs: 616
  • Motorcycles: 34
  • Small snowmobiles: 481
  • All-terrain vehicles: 181
  • Gas railway car: 1
  • Tractors: 27
  • Buses: 3
  • Total: 11,697

Marine craft[edit]

RCMP-CCG vessel Simmonds with CCGS Cape Hurd

The RCMP polices Canadian Internal Waters, including the territorial sea and contiguous zone as well as the Great Lakes and Saint Lawrence Seaway; such operations are provided by the RCMP's Federal Services Directorate and includes enforcing Canada's environment, fisheries, customs and immigration laws. In provinces and municipalities where the RCMP performs contract policing, the force polices freshwater lakes and rivers.

To meet these challenges, the RCMP operates what is known as the Marine Division, with five Robert Allan Ltd.–designed high-speed catamaran patrol vessels; Inkster and the Commissioner-class Nadon, Higgitt, Lindsay and Simmonds, based on all three coasts and manned by officers specially trained in maritime enforcement. Inkster is based in Prince Rupert, BC, Simmonds is stationed on Newfoundland's south coast, and the rest are on the Pacific Coast.[82] Simmonds sports the RCMP badge, but is otherwise painted with Canadian Coast Guard colours and the marking Coast Guard Police. The other four vessels are painted with blue and white RCMP colours.

The RCMP operates 377 smaller boats, defined as vessels less than 9.2 m (30 ft) long, at locations across Canada. This category ranges from canoes and car toppers to rigid-hulled inflatables and stable, commercially built, inboard/outboard vessels. Individual detachments often have smaller high-speed rigid-hulled inflatable boats and other purpose-built vessels for inland waters, some of which can be hauled by road to the nearest launching point.[82]

RCMP Ship Fleet
Ship Name Type Class Base Specifications Propulsion Top Speed Builder Year Commissioned Crew
Inkster Patrol vessel n/a Prince Rupert, BC 19.75 m (64.8 ft)
fast patrol aluminum catamaran
25 kn (46 km/h; 29 mph)+ Allied Shipbuilders Limited of North Vancouver, BC 1996 4
Nadon Patrol vessel Commissioner Class PV (Raven Class) Nanaimo, BC 17.7 m (58 ft)
fast patrol catamaran
2 × 820 hp (610 kW) D2840 LE401 V-10 MAN Diesel engines 36 kn (67 km/h; 41 mph) Robert Allan Ltd. 1991 4
Higgitt Patrol vessel Commissioner Class PV Campbell River, BC 17.7 m (58 ft)
fast patrol catamaran
2 × 820 hp (610 kW) D2840 LE401 V-10 MAN Diesel engines 36 kn (67 km/h; 41 mph) Robert Allan Ltd. 1992 4
Lindsay Patrol vessel Commissioner Class PV Patricia Bay, Victoria, BC 17.7 m (58 ft)
fast patrol catamaran
2 × 820 hp (610 kW) D2840 LE401 V-10 MAN Diesel engines 36 kn (67 km/h; 41 mph) Robert Allan Ltd. 1993 4
Simmonds Patrol vessel Commissioner Class PV South coast Newfoundland 17.7 m (58 ft)
fast patrol catamaran
2 × 820 hp (610 kW) D2840 LE401 V-10 MAN Diesel engines 36 kn (67 km/h; 41 mph) Robert Allan Ltd. 1995 4

Aircraft fleet[edit]

As of June 2017 the RCMP had 35 aircraft (9 helicopters and 26 fixed-wing aircraft) registered with Transport Canada (TC).[8] All aircraft are operated and maintained by the Air Services Branch. Only the Twin Otter is a twin-engine aircraft, all the others, including the helicopters, are single engine.

RCMP Fleet
Aircraft Number[8] Variants Notes
Eurocopter AS350 Écureuil 7 AS 350B3 Helicopter, AStar 350 or "Squirrel"
Cessna 206 5 U206G, T206H Fixed wing, Stationair (Station wagon of the Air), general aviation aircraft
Cessna 208 Caravan 3 208, 208B Fixed wing, Caravan, short-haul regional airliner and utility aircraft
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 1 300 Series Fixed wing, 20-passenger STOL feederliner and utility aircraft
Eurocopter EC120 Colibri 2 EC 120B Light helicopter, "Hummingbird"
Pilatus PC-12 16 PC-12/45, PC-12/47, PC-12/47E Fixed wing, turboprop passenger and cargo aircraft
Quest Kodiak 1 100 Fixed wing, un-pressurized, turboprop-powered fixed-tricycle-gear, STOL

Weapons and intervention options[edit]

RCMP issue Smith & Wesson Model 5946 service pistol with Hogue grip
RCMP issue Taser International X-26 conducted energy weapon

Past weapons and intervention options[edit]

Ceremonial weapons and symbols of office[edit]

In 1973, Wilkinson Sword produced a number of commemorative swords to celebrate the RCMP centennial. None of these swords were ever used ceremonially, and were strictly collectibles. Wilkinson Sword also made a commemorative centennial tomahawk and miniature "letter opener" models of their centennial swords. In 1973, Winchester Repeating Arms Company produced an RCMP commemorative centennial version of their Model 94 rifle in .30-30 Winchester, with a 22 in (560 mm) round barrel. The receiver, buttplate, and forend cap (on the musket-style forend) were plated in gold. Commemorative medallions were embedded in the right-hand side of the stock, with an "MP" engraving. There was engraving on the barrel and receiver indicating the rifle was a centennial commemorative edition. Sights were open notch rear, with a flip-up rear ladder, graduated to 2,000 yd (1,800 m). Two versions were produced, 9500 with serial numbers beginning "RCMP" for commercial sale, 5000 with the prefix "MP" sold only to serving RCMP members. In addition, ten presentation models were produced, serialled RCMP1P to RCMP10P. (The production of this commemorative is ironic, since the Winchester 94 was never used by the force.)[88])

Popular awareness of the RCMP[edit]

Canadian flag carried by RCMP at the opening cermonies of the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver

The Mounties have been immortalized as symbols of Canadian culture in numerous Hollywood Northwestern movies and television series, which often feature the image of the Mountie as square-jawed, stoic, and polite, yet with a steely determination and physical toughness that sometimes appears superhuman. Coupled with the adage that the Mountie "always gets his man," the image projects them as fearsome, incorruptible, dogged yet gentle champions of the law. The RCMP's motto is actually Maintiens le droit, French for "Defending the Law".[1][2] The Hollywood motto derives from a comment by a Montana newspaper, the Fort Benton Record: "They fetch their man every time".[89]

Early depictions[edit]

In 1912, Ralph Connor's Corporal Cameron of the North-West Mounted Police: A Tale of the MacLeod Trail appeared, becoming an international best-selling novel. Mounties fiction became a popular genre in both pulp magazines and book form. Among the best-selling authors who specialized in tales of the Mounted Police were James Oliver Curwood, Laurie York Erskine, James B Hendryx, T Lund, Harwood Steele (the son of Sam Steele), and William Byron Mowery.

In other media, a famous example is the radio and television series, Sergeant Preston of the Yukon. Dudley Do-Right (of The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show) is a 1960s example of the comic aspect of the Mountie myth, as is Klondike Kat, from Total Television. The Broadway musical and Hollywood movie Rose-Marie is a 1930s example of its romantic side. A successful combination were a series of Renfrew of the Royal Mounted boy's adventure novels written by Laurie York Erskine beginning in 1922 running to 1941. In the 1930s Erskine narrated a Sgt Renfrew of the Mounties radio show and a series of films with actor-singer James Newill playing Renfrew were released between 1937 and 1940. In 1953 portions of the films were mixed with new sequences of Newill for a Renfrew of the Mounted television series.

A former Mounted Police corporal (1919–1923), Bruce Carruthers, served as an unofficial technical advisor to Hollywood in many films with RCMP characters.[90]

Modern culture[edit]

In 1959, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation aired R.C.M.P., a half-hour dramatic series about an R.C.M.P. detachment keeping the peace and fighting crime. Filmed in black and white, in and around Ottawa by Crawley Films, the series was co-produced with the BBC and the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and ran for 39 episodes. It was noted for its pairing of Québécois and Anglo officers.

Canadians also poke fun at the RCMP with Sergeant Renfrew and his faithful dog Cuddles in various sketches produced by the Royal Canadian Air Farce comedy troupe. On That '70s Show Mounties were played by SCTV alumni Joe Flaherty and Dave Thomas. The British have also exploited the myth: the BBC television series Monty Python's Flying Circus featured a group of Mounties singing the chorus in The Lumberjack Song in the lumberjack sketch.

The 1972–90 CBC series The Beachcombers featured a character named Constable John Constable who attempted to enforce the law in the town of Gibsons, British Columbia.

In comic books, the Marvel Comics characters of Alpha Flight were described on several occasions as "RCMP auxiliaries," and two of their members, Snowbird and the second Major Mapleleaf were depicted as serving members of the force. In the latter case, due to trademark issues, Major Mapleleaf was described as a "Royal Canadian Mountie" in the opening roll call pages of each issue of Alpha Flight he appeared in.

Charles Bronson and Lee Marvin starred in the 1981 movie Death Hunt that fictionalized the RCMP pursuit of Albert Johnson.

In the early 1990s, Canadian professional wrestler Jacques Rougeau utilized the gimmick of "The Mountie" while wrestling for the WWF. He typically wore the Red Serge to the ring, and carried a shock stick as an illegal weapon. As his character was portrayed as an evil Mountie, the RCMP ultimately won an injunction preventing Rougeau from wrestling as this character in Canada, though he was not prevented from doing so outside the country. He briefly held the Intercontinental Championship in 1992.

The 1998 swan song of Nick Berry's time on UK drama Heartbeat featured his character, Sergeant Nick Rowan, transferring to Canada and taking the rank of constable in the Mounties. The special telemovie was titled Heartbeat: Changing Places.

The 1994–98 TV series Due South paired a Mountie (and his deaf half-wolf) with a streetwise American detective cleaning up the streets of Chicago, mainly deriving its entertainment from the perceived differences in attitude between these two countries' police forces.

A pair of Mounties staffed the RCMP detachment in the fictional town of Lynx River, Northwest Territories, in the CBC series North of 60. The series, which aired from 1992 to 1998, was about events in the mostly native community, but the Mounties featured prominently in each episode.

Another TV series from the 1990s, Bordertown featured a NWMP corporal paired with a U.S. marshal securing law and order on a frontier U.S.-Canada border town. In the ABC TV mini-series Answered by Fire, at least three mounties are featured. Mounties also appears in the TV series When Calls the Heart (Hallmark Channel)

The 1987 Brian De Palma film The Untouchables featured cooperation between the Treasury Department task force, led by Eliot Ness, and the Mounties against liquor smuggling across the Canada–United States border.

The 1995 album C'est Cheese by Canadian musical comedy group The Arrogant Worms includes "The Mountie Song", which tells the story of a dissatisfied Mountie.

In his 1999, album Soiree Newfoundland musician A. Frank Willis included "Savage Cop in Savage Cove" which was based on a true story & went on to become a big hit.[91]

From 2011, the CTV fantasy drama series "The Listener" began to regularly feature characters who worked for the Integrated Investigative Bureau, a fictional division of the R.C.M.P. that brought together various specialists, officers and civilian consultants to work on high profile or federal cases. Although characters in the employ of the IIB were rarely, if ever, depicted wearing uniform, they were often addressed by their ranks - two main characters were Sergeant Michelle McClusky and Corporal Dev Clark.

Mountie merchandise[edit]

There are products and merchandise that are made in the image of the RCMP, like Mounties statues or hats. Before 1995, the RCMP had little control over these products.

The RCMP Heritage Centre is a multi-million dollar museum designed by Arthur Erickson that opened May 2007 in Regina, Saskatchewan at the RCMP Academy, Depot Division. It replaced the old RCMP museum and is designed to celebrate the role of the force in Canada's history.

Trademark[edit]

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police received an international license on April 1, 1995, requiring those who use the RCMP to pay a licensing fee. Proceeds from the fees is used for community awareness programmes.[92] Those that do not pay the licensing fee are legally unable to use the name of the RCMP or their correct uniforms, though a film such as Canadian Bacon used the name "Royal Mounted Canadian Police" (RMCP) and the character in the Dudley Do-Right film did not wear accurate insignia.

Through a Master Licensing Agreement (MLA) with the RCMP, the RCMP Foundation is responsible for managing the commercial use of the RCMP name, image, and protected marks.[93] The Foundation issues selected companies a royalty-based agreement allowing them to produce and market high quality official RCMP merchandise. Walt Disney Co. (Canada) Ltd. was contracted to aid in the initial set up of the Licensing Program[94] but contrary to popular belief, Disney never owned or controlled any of the RCMP's protected marks.

Following the expiration of the Disney contract in 2000, all responsibilities and activities were taken over by the then Executive Director and his staff, reporting to the Foundation President and Board of Directors. In 2007, through a decree signed by Commissioner Beverley Busson, the operating name was changed to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Foundation.

Controversies and criticism[edit]

American historian Andrew Graybill has argued that the Mounted Police closely resemble the Texas Rangers in many ways. He argues that each protected the established order by confining and removing Indians, by tightly controlling the mixed blood peoples (the African Americans in Texas and the Métis in Canada), assisted the large-scale ranchers against the small-scale ranchers and farmers who fenced the land, and broke the power of labor unions that tried to organize the workers of industrial corporations.[95]

The RCMP have been involved in training and logistically supporting the Haitian National Police since 1994, a controversial matter in Canada considering allegations of widespread human rights violations on the part of the HNP. Some Canadian activist groups have called for an end to the RCMP training.[96] The RCMP has also provided training overseas in Iraq and other peace-keeping missions.

In October 2016, the RCMP issued an apology for harassment, discrimination, and sexual abuse of female officers and civilian members. Additionally they set aside a $100 million fund to compensate these victims. Over 20,000 current and past female employees that were employed after 1974 are eligible.[97]

Fallen officers and civilian members[edit]

As of July 7, 2017,[98][99][100] the RCMP has 238 fallen officers, and one fallen civilian member.

Note: Murdered is used in this table to express the cause of death of an officer at the hands of another individual, through unknown methods.

Rank and Name Date Cause of Death
Sub Constable John Nash March 11, 1876 Accidental
Sub Constable George Mahoney June 19, 1877 Drowning
Constable Marmaduke Graburn November 17, 1879 Murdered
Constable Claudius S. Hooley July 24, 1880 Drowning
Constable George Hamilton Johnston May 23, 1882 Accidental gunshot
Constable Adam Wahl May 25, 1882 Drowning
Constable Thomas James Gibson March 26, 1885 Murdered/Killed in battle
Constable George Knox Garrett March 27, 1885 Murdered/Killed in battle
Constable George Pearce Arnold March 27, 1885 Murdered/Killed in battle
Constable David Latimer Cowan April 15, 1885 Murdered
Corporal Ralph Bateman Sleigh May 2, 1885 Killed in battle
Constable Patrick Burke May 3, 1885 Killed in battle
Corporal William Hay Talbot Lowry May 3, 1885 Killed in battle
Constable Frank Orlando Elliot May 14, 1885 Murdered
Constable Alfred Perry June 8, 1889 Drowning
Sergeant Albert Ernest Garland Montgomery August 10, 1890 Injuries from being thrown off his horse
Constable George Quiqueran Rene Saveuse DeBeaujeu September 8, 1890 Drowning
Corporal Harry Oliver Morphy September 9, 1890 Drowning
Constable William Tyrrell Reading December 14, 1890 Injuries from being crushed by a falling horse
Constable James Herron March 2, 1891 Blizzard
Sergeant Colin Campbell Colebrook October 29, 1895 Murdered
Constable Oscar Alexander Kern April 27, 1896 Drowning
Sergeant William Brock Wilde November 10, 1896 Murdered
Constable John Randolph Kerr May 28, 1897 Murdered
Corporal Charles Horne Sterling Hockin May 29, 1897 Murdered
Constable Norman Malcolm Campbell December 26, 1901 Drowning
Constable Spencer Gilbert Heathcote December 26, 1901 Drowning
Special Constable Stick Sam July 29, 1903 Drowning
Staff Sergeant Arthur F.M. Brooke September 26, 1903 Drowning
Constable Joseph Russell July 5, 1905 Drowning
Constable Thomas Robert Jackson June 8, 1906 Drowning
Corporal Alexander Gardner Haddock June 14, 1906 Drowning
Assistant Surgeon Walter Stafford Flood November 29, 1906 Exposure
Constable George Ernest Willmett April 12, 1908 Murdered
Sergeant Ralph Morton L. Donaldson April 14, 1908 Drowning
Special Constable Samuel Carter February 14, 1911 Starvation. exposure, and exhaustion
Inspector Francis Joseph Fitzgerald February 14, 1911 Starvation, exposure, and exhaustion
Constable George Frances Kinney February 14, 1911 Starvation, exposure, and exhaustion
Constable Richard O'Hara Taylor February 14, 1911 Starvation, exposure, and exhaustion
Constable Francis Walter Davies June 3, 1912 Murdered
Corporal Maxwell George Bailey April 23, 1913 Murdered
Constable Michael James Fitzgerald August 27, 1913 Drowning
Constable Alexander Lamont February 16, 1918 Typhoid fever
Staff Sergeant George Henry Leopold Bossange June 21, 1919 Lightning
Corporal Ernest Usher August 7, 1920 Murdered
Sergeant Arthur George Searle May 15, 1921 Drowning
Corporal William Andrew Doak April 1, 1922 Gunfire
Constable Ian M. Macdonald August 28, 1924 Drowning
Constable Leo Francis Cox June 28, 1925 Drowning
Constable Frederick Rhodes December 6, 1926 Injuries sustained in a fire
Sergeant Richard Henry Nicholson December 31, 1928 Murdered
Constable Donald Ross Macdonell April 19, 1931 Drowning
Special Constable Norman Massan April 19, 1931 Drowning
Constable Edgar Millen January 30, 1932 Murdered
Constable Peter Seddon Oliver February 10, 1932 Killed in action
Corporal Leonard Victor Ralls July 5, 1932 Murdered
Corporal John Lorne Halliday October 14, 1932 Accidental self-inflicted wound
Inspector Lorne James Sampson May 8, 1933 Injuries from falling off his horse
Corporal Michael Moriarty April 26, 1935 Murdered
Constable John George Shaw October 5, 1935 Murdered
Constable George Campbell Harrison October 8, 1935 Murdered
Sergeant Thomas Seller Wallace October 8, 1935 Murdered
Constable Daniel Miller October 14, 1935 Injuries sustained in an automobile accident
Constable George Edward Horan March 10, 1937 Automobile accident
Constable William George Boorman May 26, 1937 Accidental gunfire
Constable Willis Edward Rhodeniser August 26, 1939 Gunfire
Constable Norman Alfred Gleadow October 11, 1939 Murdered
Sergeant Arthur Julian Barker March 16, 1940 Gunfire
Constable Frederick Gordon Frank Counsell May 22, 1940 Gunfire
Constable Harry G. Rapeer May 23, 1940 Accidental
Engineer Third Class Daniel Everett Gillis March 26, 1941 Exposure caused by a ship fire
Constable Charles James Johnstone May 1, 1941 Lost at sea after an enemy U-boat attack
Special Constable Henry Clare Jarvis July 15, 1941 Drowning
Sergeant Louis Romeo Dubuc September 27, 1941 Killed in action
Special Constable Joseph Henry Kent November 5, 1941 Injuries from being struck by a vehicle
Constable Charles Floyd Patterson November 25, 1941 Accidental
First Officer Patrick Reginald Fairburn Milthorpe February 10, 1942 Shipwrecking
Constable Albert Joseph Chartrand February 13, 1942 Heart attack
Master John Willard Bonner September 11, 1942 Shipwrecking
Corporal Laurance Percival Ryder January 20, 1943 Pneumonia after a cerebral haemorrhage, possibly caused by injuries sustained on duty
Constable James Harvard Delamere Bedlington April 30, 1943 Motorcycle accident
Surgeon Maurice Powers, B.A., M.D., C.M. October 20, 1943 Aircraft accident
Constable Terence Graham Newcomen Watts December 28, 1943 Shellfire
Constable Edison Alexander Cameron December 28, 1943 Killed in action
Constable David Charles Gardner Moon December 28, 1943 Shellfire wounds
Constable Gordon Evan Bondurant January 8, 1944 Wounds from bomb fragments
Constable Kenneth Laurence d'Albena May 15, 1944 Destruction of his Jeep by a Teller mine
Constable John Francis Joseph Nelson May 22, 1944 Killed in action
Constable Donald Gilbert Stackhouse May 31, 1944 His motorcycle hitting a Teller mine
Constable Wilfred James Cobble December 4, 1946 Struck by a vehicle
Second Class Constable James Boyd Henderson August 7, 1948 Drowning
Constable Carl Frizzle Wilson September 9, 1948 Struck by a vehicle
Constable Alexander Gamman May 26, 1950 Murdered
Constable Herschel Taylor Wood July 16, 1950 Injuries sustained in an automobile accident
Constable Stephen Kasper May 11, 1953 Aircraft accident
Constable Joseph Kasimir Sander July 9, 1954 Drowning
Constable Ronald Charles Bloomfield July 9, 1954 Drowning
Special Constable Andrew Ooyoumut July 21, 1954 Drowning
Constable Douglas Earl Fergusen September 17, 1954 Carbon monoxide poisoning
Constable Roy Eldon Laird August 26, 1955 Automobile accident
Constable Charles William Reay October 6, 1955 Drowning
Inspector David James McCombe December 12, 1955 Exposure
Constable William Lawrence Melsom February 8, 1956 Automobile accident
Second Class Constable Henry Charles Arlington Chandler June 15, 1956 Injuries sustained in an automobile accident
Constable John Roland Cobley January 5, 1957 Struck by a vehicle
Corporal Herbert Milton Smart June 7, 1958 Drowning
Second Class Constable Maurice Melnychuk June 7, 1958 Drowning
Second Class Constable Glen Frederick Farough June 7, 1958 Drowning
Second Class Constable David Melvyn Perry June 7, 1958 Drowning
Second Class Constable George Herbert Edward Ransom June 7, 1958 Drowning
Constable Cart Lennart Sundell July 14, 1958 Accidental gunfire
Staff Sergeant Stanley Samuel Rothwell August 6, 1958 Aircraft accident
Constable Richard William Green August 6, 1958 Aircraft accident
Special Constable Joseph Edouard Raymond Cormier August 6, 1958 Aircraft accident
Third Class Constable John Terence Hoey November 7, 1958 Gunfire
Constable Colin Eric Lelliot January 12, 1960 Gunfire
Constable Ronald Arthur Elkstrom April 12, 1961 Non-collision automobile accident
Constable Wayne Sinclair September 16, 1961 Severe internal injuries received in a non-collision automobile accident
Constable Joseph Thor Thompson December 18, 1961 Injuries sustained in an aircraft-vehicle collision
Constable Elwood Joseph Keck June 18, 1962 Gunfire
Constable Donald George Weisgerber June 18, 1962 Gunfire
Constable Gordon Eric Petersen June 18, 1962 Gunfire
Constable Archille Octave Maxime Lepine July 19, 1962 Automobile accident
Constable James Walter Forman April 24, 1963 Injuries sustained by being struck by a vehicle
Sergeant Kenneth Morley Laughland July 13, 1963 Aircraft accident
Corporal Robert William Asbil July 13, 1963 Aircraft accident
Constable Proctor Laurence Anthony Malcolm July 13, 1963 Aircraft accident
Constable William John David Annand July 13, 1963 Aircraft accident
Constable Joseph Pierre Francois Dubois January 3, 1964 Automobile accident
Corporal Ervin Jack Giesbrecht June 20, 1964 Drowning
Constable Robert Weston Amey December 17, 1964 Gunfire
Third Class Constable Reginald Wayne Williams December 19, 1964 Drowning
Constable David Brian Robinson February 2, 1965 Accidental gunshot
Constable Neil McArthur Bruce April 14, 1965 Pneumonia from complications caused by a gunshot wound
Constable Thomas Percy Carroll February 11, 1966 Aircraft accident
Third Class Constable Philip John Francis Tidman April 20, 1966 Automobile accident
Constable Gordon Donald Pearson November 22, 1966 Gunshot wound
Third Class Constable Terry Eugene Tomfohr June 3, 1967 Accidental
Corporal Donald Archibald Harvey June 23, 1967 Gunshot wound
Third Class Constable Robert William Varney August 17, 1967 Automobile accident
Corporal George Ronald Hawkins June 6, 1968 Encephalitis
Second Class Constable James Alexander Kerr December 11, 1968 Automobile accident
Corporal Terry Gerrard Williams June 8, 1969 Drowning
Constable William Joseph Green October 4, 1970 Injuries sustained in an automobile accident
Sergeant Robert James Schrader October 9, 1970 Gunfire
Constable Douglas Bernard Anson October 9, 1970 Gunfire
Sergeant James Aldridge O'Malley October 28, 1970 Drowning
Constable Derek Thomas Ivany June 25, 1971 Automobile accident
Constable Harold Stanley Siegel September 26, 1971 Gunfire
Constable Michael Robert Mason November 26, 1971 Drowning
Constable Roger Emile Pierlet March 29, 1974 Gunfire
Constable Joseph Michel Benoit Létourneau April 2, 1974 Automobile accident
Constable Joseph Henri Clément Tremblay April 2, 1974 Automobile accident
Constable John Terrance Draginda September 29, 1974 Automobile accident
Constable John Brian Baldwinson October 28, 1975 Automobile accident
Constable Dennis Modest Nicklos Shwaykowski April 6, 1977 Thrown off a moving vehicle
Corporal Barry Warren Lidstone January 6, 1978 Gunfire
Constable Joseph Perry Brophy January 6, 1978 Gunfire
Constable Dennis Anthony Onofrey January 23, 1978 Gunfire
Constable William Iraneus Seward February 15, 1978 Automobile accident
Constable Thomas Brian King April 25, 1978 Gunfire
Special Constable George David Foster September 4, 1978 Aircraft accident
Constable Lindberg Bruce Davis January 8, 1979 Car-train collision
Constable Mark Percy McLachlan February 2, 1979 Automobile accident
Constable Joseph Léon Michel Doucet August 18, 1979 Aircraft accident
Constable Gordon Alfred Brooks November 12, 1979 Drowning
Special Constable Ningeoseak Etidloi November 12, 1979 Drowning
Constable Roy John William Karwaski May 24, 1980 Internal injuries sustained in an automobile accident
Auxiliary Constable Dennis Lenard Fraser June 4, 1980 Automobile accident
Constable Richard John Sedgwick August 16, 1980 Injuries sustained in an Automobile accident
Constable Thomas James Agar September 19, 1980 Gunfire
Corporal Ole Roust Larsen August 11, 1981 Gunfire
Constable James Franklin Thomas August 31, 1981 Automobile accident
Constable Barry Flynn McKinnon December 16, 1981 Automobile accident
Constable Douglas Mark Ambrose Butler October 16, 1982 Automobile accident
Constable Richard Allan Bourgoin August 31, 1983 Murdered
Special Constable Wayne Graham Myers December 14, 1983 Aircraft accident
Corporal Francis Eugene Jones December 14, 1983 Aircraft accident
Constable Allen Garry Giesbrecht January 13, 1985 Gunfire
Constable Michael Joseph Buday March 19, 1985 Gunfire
Constable Joseph Eddy Mario Tessier December 27, 1985 Gunfire
Special Constable Wayne Philip Boskill January 8, 1986 Aircraft accident
Special Constable James Frederick Wilson January 8, 1986 Aircraft accident
Special Constable Robert William Cochrane Thomas March 6, 1986 Gunfire
Corporal Budd Maurice Johanson April 4, 1986 Automobile accident
Auxiliary Constable Frederick Allan Abel April 4, 1986 Automobile accident
Constable Scott Gordon Berry June 29, 1986 Electrocution
Special Constable Gordon Zigmund Kowalczyk January 26, 1987 Murdered
Corporal Derek John Flanagan February 20, 1989 Injuries sustained while on special duty in Thailand
Constable Della Sonya Beyak March 15, 1989 Automobile accident
Special Constable Nancy Puttkemery December 9, 1989 Aircraft accident
Special Constable Norman Timms, C.D. December 9, 1989 Aircraft accident
Constable Gerald Vernon Maurice Breese October 24, 1990 Motorcycle accident
Constable Brian John Hutchinson August 16, 1991 Aneurysm, directly related to injuries sustained from a blow to the head suffered on duty
Constable Christopher Colin Riglar September 28, 1991 Injuries sustained by being struck by a vehicle
Auxiliary Constable Joseph Ernest (Sam) Balmer August 29, 1992 Automobile accident
Constable Norman Harry Atkins July 8, 1995 Automobile accident
Constable Joseph Ernest André Claude Gagné September 6, 1995 Automobile accident
Constable Derek Cameron Burkholder June 14, 1996 Gunfire
Constable Joseph Luc François (Frank) Carrière November 30, 1997 Scuba diving accident
Corporal Graeme Charles Cumming August 12, 1998 Automobile accident resulting in an automobile fire
Constable Joseph Ernest Jean-Guy Daniel Bourdon May 7, 1999 Automobile accident
Sergeant Edwin Michael Mobley August 15, 2000 Aircraft accident
Special Constable Timothy James Nicholson August 15, 2000 Aircraft accident
Constable Jurgen Siegfried Seewald March 5, 2001 Gunfire
Constable Dennis Douglas Strongquill December 21, 2001 Gunfire
Constable Christine Elizabeth Diotte March 12, 2002 Struck by a vehicle
Constable Wael Toufic Audi March 29, 2002 Automobile accident
Constable Jimmy Ng September 15, 2002 Automobile accident
Constable Joseph Léo Ghislain Maurice June 10, 2003 Automobile accident
Corporal James Wilbert Gregson Galloway February 28, 2004 Gunfire
Auxiliary Constable Glen Gregory Evely November 13, 2004 Automobile accident
Constable Anthony Fitzgerald Orion Gordon March 3, 2005 Gunfire
Constable Lionide (Leo) Nicholas Johnston March 3, 2005 Gunfire
Constable Brock Warren Myrol March 3, 2005 Gunfire
Constable Peter Christopher Schiemann March 3, 2005 Gunfire
Constable Joseph Martial Maurice Jean Minguy June 3, 2005 Drowning
Constable José Manuel Agostinho July 4, 2005 Internal injuries sustained in an automobile accident
Constable Robin Lynelle Cameron July 15, 2006 Gunfire
Constable Marc Joseph Denis Boudrages July 16, 2006 Gunshot wounds
Constable Christopher John Worden October 6, 2007 Gunshot wounds
Constable Douglas Allen Scott November 7, 2005 Gunshot wound
Constable James Lloyd Lundblad May 5, 2009 Automobile accident
Constable Chelsey Alice Robinson June 21, 2010 Automobile accident
Sergeant Mark Charles Gallagher January 12, 2010 2010 Haiti earthquake
Chief Superintendent Douglas Edward Coates January 16, 2010 2010 Haiti earthquake
Constable Michael Bernard Potvin July 30, 2010 Drowning
Civilian Member David John Brolin January 17, 2012 Aircraft accident
Constable Derek Henry William Pineo July 20, 2012 Automobile accident
Constable Adrian Johann Oliver November 13, 2012 Automobile accident
Constable Fabrice Georges Gevaudan June 4, 2014 Gunfire
Constable Douglas James Larche June 4, 2014 Gunfire
Constable David Joseph Ross June 4, 2014 Gunfire
Constable David Matthew Wynn January 21, 2015 Gunshot wound
Constable Sarah Anne Beckett April 5, 2016 Automobile accident resulting from another officer's pursuit
Constable Richer Dubuc March 6, 2017 Injuries sustained in an automobile accident
Constable Austin MacDougall July 5, 2017 Struck by vehicle while cycling

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  40. ^ "DEA Afghanistan Unit Receives Prestigious Joint Chiefs of Staff Award". KETK NBC. February 8, 2012. Archived from the original on February 10, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2017. The ATFC began operations in mid-2009 and is a multi-agency organization led by DEA with the Treasury Department and Department of Defense as co-deputies. Additional personnel staff ATFC from the Department of Defense's CENTCOM, the Department of Homeland Security, and the Internal Revenue Service. In the past, the FBI and RCMP also were members. The ATFC’s purpose is to attack insurgence funding and financing networks by providing threat finance expertise and actionable intelligence to U.S. civilian and military leaders. The RCMP have also participated in United Nations Peacekeeping operations, sending members to participate actively in various U.N. missions from the late 1980's including observer missions in Namibia, policing missions in Haiti and Kosovo, and CIVPOL operations in Croatia, Bosnia-Hercegovina, and Sudan. 
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  53. ^ "Prince Edward Island". 
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External links[edit]

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