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1
Making money at the Royal Mint
Making money at the Royal Mint
::2013/07/23::
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2
Leah
Leah's tour of The Royal Mint
::2013/08/30::
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3
Royal Mint trying to flog off sh1tty 2012 Olympics coins (14Feb11)
Royal Mint trying to flog off sh1tty 2012 Olympics coins (14Feb11)
::2011/02/15::
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The Royal Mint
The Royal Mint's bullion offering
::2012/12/19::
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Mint Royale - Singin
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::2009/10/25::
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Singin
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::2010/07/07::
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The Sovereign - The Royal Mint
The Sovereign - The Royal Mint's flagship coin
::2012/07/25::
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RMR: Visiting the The Royal Canadian Mint
RMR: Visiting the The Royal Canadian Mint
::2008/11/18::
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Royal Australian Mint Tour  - Behind the News
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::2014/02/05::
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Royal Mint 2015 Lunar Year of the Sheep Coins
Royal Mint 2015 Lunar Year of the Sheep Coins
::2014/09/19::
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The Royal Mint 2013 Gold Sovereign
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::2013/08/08::
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JMBullion Royal Mint Silver Lunar Horse Sale Alert!
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::2014/10/22::
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Unboxing 2 Tubes of Royal Mint Lunar 2014 Year of the Horse Silver Coins
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::2014/01/29::
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Dairy Queen
Dairy Queen's Royal Mint Shake Review
::2012/08/11::
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Royal Canadian Mint 1
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::2013/06/18::
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Mint Royale with Lauren Laverne - Don
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::2011/11/02::
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Minting Gold Coins: "How Money Is Made" 1920 Royal Mint of Canada 12min
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::2012/02/21::
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Royal Mint 5 oz silver Diamond Jubilee coin
Royal Mint 5 oz silver Diamond Jubilee coin
::2012/12/22::
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19
Mint Royale - Blue Song
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::2011/11/02::
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New UK Royal Mint £20 for £20 Silver Coins Unpackaging - Limited Issue
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::2013/10/15::
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*New* The Royal Mint
*New* The Royal Mint's 2nd Lunar Coin in the Series "Year of the Sheep" 2015
::2014/08/13::
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NEW Britain
NEW Britain's Royal Mint £1 Coin - iSIS Technology
::2014/03/19::
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Royal Mint (1956)
Royal Mint (1956)
::2014/04/13::
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24
Royal Mint 50p Design Competition for London 2012
Royal Mint 50p Design Competition for London 2012
::2009/01/12::
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25
REALIST NEWS - UK Royal Mint Runs Out Of Gold Coins
REALIST NEWS - UK Royal Mint Runs Out Of Gold Coins
::2014/01/10::
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NEW UK The Royal Mint SS Gairsoppa Shipwreck Treasure Silver Coin & DVD
NEW UK The Royal Mint SS Gairsoppa Shipwreck Treasure Silver Coin & DVD
::2014/04/06::
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2014 Royal Mint Lunar Coins
2014 Royal Mint Lunar Coins
::2014/02/07::
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Royal Mint (1925)
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::2014/04/13::
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Launch Event - The Royal Mint
Launch Event - The Royal Mint's 2014 Year of the Horse Lunar coin
::2013/12/04::
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Royal Canadian Mint Bullion - In a World of its Own
Royal Canadian Mint Bullion - In a World of its Own
::2013/09/26::
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Mule UK 2014 Britannia Silver Coins out of the Royal Mint
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::2014/03/13::
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Royal Mint announce commemorative Prince George royal christening coin
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::2013/10/08::
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NEW 2nd Coin in The Royal Mint Silver £20 for £20 Series
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::2014/07/07::
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'Kate Effect' Still Making a Royal Mint
::2014/08/05::
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The Royal Mint - Striking Gold Sovereigns Just For Practise
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::2012/01/02::
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Prince George christening coins produced by Royal Mint
Prince George christening coins produced by Royal Mint
::2013/10/08::
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The Countess of Wessex visits the Royal Mint
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::2013/05/07::
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2014 $100 Franklin bar & Royal Mint Year of the Horse
2014 $100 Franklin bar & Royal Mint Year of the Horse
::2014/01/19::
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2014 Royal Mint Lunar Horse Proof Silver Coin (1oz) - Unboxing
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::2013/12/06::
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Royal Mint error coin 5 pence UK
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Royal Mint designs
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::2014/02/17::
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NEW UK .999 Silver £20 for £20 Royal Mint Limited Issue
NEW UK .999 Silver £20 for £20 Royal Mint Limited Issue
::2013/09/06::
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The story behind the Royal Mint
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New Royal Mint Aka Britain
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::2014/04/13::
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Royal Mint 1oz Silver Britannia Bullion Coin
Royal Mint 1oz Silver Britannia Bullion Coin
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[HD] Britannia Two Coin Gold Proof Set - The Royal Mint
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::2013/02/06::
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The Genuine 2013 Gold Sovereign by Royal Mint, UK by MMTC PAMP India Pvt. Ltd.
The Genuine 2013 Gold Sovereign by Royal Mint, UK by MMTC PAMP India Pvt. Ltd.
::2013/05/17::
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Royal Mint Lunar Horse Proof, Silver Coin
Royal Mint Lunar Horse Proof, Silver Coin
::2014/09/28::
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Dwarf Fortress - Melbilnïng #8 The royal mint
Dwarf Fortress - Melbilnïng #8 The royal mint
::2014/10/12::
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Royal Mint 2014 Britannia Without Dentils on Obverse
Royal Mint 2014 Britannia Without Dentils on Obverse
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The Royal Mint
Type Government-owned company
Industry Coin and medal production
Founded 886
Headquarters Llantrisant, Wales
Area served United Kingdom & British Overseas Territories
Products Coins and Medals
Owners HM Treasury
Employees 765
Website www.royalmint.com

The Royal Mint is the body permitted to manufacture, or mint, the coins of the United Kingdom. The Royal Mint originated over 1,100 years ago, producing coins for England and eventually Great Britain. Since 2010 it has operated as Royal Mint Ltd, a company owned by HM Treasury, under an exclusive contract to supply all coinage for the UK.[1] Royal Mint Ltd is 100% owned by HM Treasury, though the latter delegates shareholder responsibilities to the Shareholder Executive.

As well as minting coins for the UK, The Royal Mint also mints and exports coins to many other countries and produces military medals, commemorative medals, and other such items for governments, schools and businesses, being known as the world's leading exporting mint.[1] Responsibility for the security of the site falls to the Ministry of Defence Police, who provide an armed contingent.

In 1968 The Royal Mint began to move its operations from Tower Hill in the City of London to Llantrisant, Mid Glamorgan, Wales, and has operated on a single site in Llantrisant since 1980.[2] At Llantrisant it holds an extensive collection of coins dating from the 16th century onwards, housed in eighty cabinets made by Elizabeth II's cabinet maker, Hugh Swann. The site occupies 38 acres (15 ha) and employs 765 people.[3]

The annual Trial of the Pyx assays coins produced for the UK government for size, weight and chemical composition.

History[edit]

The London Mint first became a single institution in 886,[citation needed] during the reign of Alfred the Great, but was only one of many mints throughout the kingdom. By 1279 it had moved to the Tower of London, and remained there the next 500 years, achieving a monopoly on the production of coins of the realm in the 16th century. Sir Isaac Newton took up the post of Warden of the Mint, responsible for investigating cases of counterfeiting, in 1696, and subsequently held the office of Master of The Royal Mint from 1699 until his death in 1727. He unofficially moved the Pound Sterling to the gold standard from silver in 1717.

The Royal Mint moved from the Tower of London to new premises c.1809
Silver Sixpence, struck in 1593 under Queen Elizabeth I, Royal Mint, (Tower of London).

By the time Newton arrived, the Mint had expanded to fill several rickety wooden buildings ranged around the outside of the Tower. In the eighteenth century the processes for minting coins were mechanised and rolling mills and coining presses were installed. The new machinery and the demand on space in the Tower of London following the outbreak of war with France led to a decision to move the Mint to an adjacent site in East Smithfield. The new building, designed by James Johnson and Robert Smirke, was completed in 1809, and included space for the new machinery, and accommodation for the officers and staff of the Mint.

The Royal Mint building of the 1880s

The building was rebuilt in the 1880s to accommodate new machinery which increased the capacity of the Mint. As technology changed with the introduction of electricity and demand grew, the process of rebuilding continued so that by the 1960s little of the original mint remained, apart from Smirke's 1809 building and the gatehouse in the front.

During WWII, The Royal Mint was bombed by the Germans. The Royal Mint was hit on several occasions and was put out of commission for three weeks at one point.[4]

The Tower Hill site finally reached capacity ahead of decimalisation in 1971, with the need to strike hundreds of millions of new decimal coins, while at the same time not neglecting overseas customers. In 1967 it was announced that the mint would move away from London to new buildings in Llantrisant, ten miles (16 km) north west of Cardiff. The first phase was opened by Queen Elizabeth II on 17 December 1968, and production gradually shifted to the new site over the next seven years until the last coin, a gold sovereign, was struck in London in November 1975. Smirke's 1809 Building is now used as commercial offices by Barclays Global Investors.

On 1 April 1975 The Royal Mint became a trading fund to help improve its efficiency by requiring it to become self-financing.

In March 2009, the then Chancellor of the Exchequer, Alistair Darling began planning to sell off of The Royal Mint.[5] On 31 December 2009 it ceased to be an executive agency and its assets were vested in a limited company, Royal Mint Ltd. The owner of the new company became The Royal Mint trading fund, which itself continued to be owned by HM Treasury.

Role of The Royal Mint[edit]

The Royal Mint exists principally to mint coins for circulation in the UK. However, it also manufactures and circulates coins for over 60 other countries,[1] mints collectors' coins, and produces military medals and civilian decorations for the British armed forces and orders of chivalry. As of 2013, The Royal Mint produces approximately 15% of the world's coin based currency.[6] From the 1970s to 2009, it produced all Order of the British Empire Insignia, this is now contracted out to companies with a royal warrant of appointment, such as Toye, Kenning & Spencer Ltd. The Royal Mint in London also produced coins for Canada until a branch was opened in Ottawa, Canada in 1908. In 1931, control of the Canadian branch mint was passed to the Canadian government and it then became the Royal Canadian Mint.

Trial of the Pyx[edit]

The Trial of the Pyx is the procedure in the United Kingdom for ensuring that newly-minted coins conform to required standards. The trials have been held since the twelfth century, normally once per calendar year, and continue to the present day. The form of the ceremony has been essentially the same since 1282. They are trials in the full judicial sense, presided over by a judge with an expert jury of assayers. Trials are now held at the Hall of the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths, having previously taken place at the Palace of Westminster[7] Given modern production methods, it is unlikely that coins would not conform, although this has been a problem in the past as it would have been tempting for the Master of the Mint to steal precious metals.

The term "Pyx" refers to the boxwood chest (in Greek, πυξίς, pyxis) in which coins were placed for presentation to the jury. There is also a Pyx Chapel (or Pyx Chamber) in Westminster Abbey, which was once used for secure storage of the Pyx and related articles.

Coins to be tested are drawn from the regular production of The Royal Mint. The Deputy Master of the Mint must, throughout the year, randomly select several thousand sample coins and place them aside for the Trial. These must be in a certain fixed proportion to the number of coins produced. For example, for every 5,000 bimetallic coins issued, one must be set aside, but for silver Maundy money the proportion is one in 150.

The jury is composed of Freemen of the Company of Goldsmiths, who assay the coins provided to decide whether they have been minted within the criteria determined by the relevant Coinage Acts.[8]

List of engravers[edit]

The following are among the engravers to The Royal Mint:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "www.royalmint.com". Royal Mint website. The Royal Mint. 2012-03-27. Retrieved 2012-03-27. 
  2. ^ "www.royalmint.com". Royal Mint website. Royal Mint. 2012-03-27. Retrieved 2012-03-27. 
  3. ^ "www.royalmint.com". Royal Mint website. Royal Mint. 2012-03-27. Retrieved 2012-03-27. 
  4. ^ Report of the Director of The Royal Mint - 1945
  5. ^ Gray, Sadie. The Times (London) http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/economics/article5908417.ece |url= missing title (help). 
  6. ^ "Made of money: The Royal Mint where cash is banned". BBC News. 2013-07-23. 
  7. ^ "www.thegoldsmiths.co.uk". The Goldsmiths' Company. The Goldsmiths' Company. 2004. Retrieved 2008-09-02. 
  8. ^ "www.royalmint.com". Royal Mint website. Royal Mint. 2012-03-27. Retrieved 2012-03-27. 
  9. ^ Warwick William Wroth, 'Croker, John (1670-1741)' in Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 13
  10. ^ Christopher Edgar Challis, A New History of The Royal Mint (1992), p. 409
  11. ^  "Yeo, Richard". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  12. ^ "Wyon, Thomas (1792-1817)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°33′15″N 3°23′20″W / 51.5542°N 3.3889°W / 51.5542; -3.3889

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