1
Royall Tyler
Royall Tyler's The Contrast
DATE: 2014/03/04::
2
Fiction Book Review: Japanese No Dramas (Penguin Classics) by Various, Royall Tyler
Fiction Book Review: Japanese No Dramas (Penguin Classics) by Various, Royall Tyler
DATE: 2013/01/18::
3
The Contrast Act 2 Scene 2
The Contrast Act 2 Scene 2
DATE: 2014/03/04::
4
Literature Book Review: Japanese Tales (Pantheon fairy tale  folklore library) by Royall Tyler
Literature Book Review: Japanese Tales (Pantheon fairy tale folklore library) by Royall Tyler
DATE: 2013/01/19::
5
TEH CONTRAST!!!1 Part 1 of 3
TEH CONTRAST!!!1 Part 1 of 3
DATE: 2010/12/07::
6
Literature Book Review: Japanese Tales (Pantheon fairy tale & folklore library) by Royall Tyler
Literature Book Review: Japanese Tales (Pantheon fairy tale & folklore library) by Royall Tyler
DATE: 2013/01/16::
7
UVM Theatre & Vermont Shakespeare Company bring Summer Shakespeare back to the Royall Tyler Theatre
UVM Theatre & Vermont Shakespeare Company bring Summer Shakespeare back to the Royall Tyler Theatre
DATE: 2014/07/28::
8
Dennis Sparling [SIV246]
Dennis Sparling [SIV246]
DATE: 2011/11/16::
9
That Takes Ovaries
That Takes Ovaries
DATE: 2011/11/01::
10
Clit Notes Interview
Clit Notes Interview
DATE: 2013/03/21::
11
Vampire Lesbians of Sodom Interview
Vampire Lesbians of Sodom Interview
DATE: 2013/03/21::
12
UVM Theatre 2013 Spring Festival of Plays Teaser
UVM Theatre 2013 Spring Festival of Plays Teaser
DATE: 2013/03/21::
13
Brilliant Traces Interview
Brilliant Traces Interview
DATE: 2013/03/21::
14
Group B: Harmony and Form / Clit Notes Trailer
Group B: Harmony and Form / Clit Notes Trailer
DATE: 2013/04/04::
15
Harmony and Form Interview
Harmony and Form Interview
DATE: 2013/03/21::
16
Betrayal Trailer
Betrayal Trailer
DATE: 2013/03/28::
17
Visitor from Forest Hills Interview
Visitor from Forest Hills Interview
DATE: 2013/03/21::
18
Group C: Vampire Lesbians / Brilliant Traces / Visitor from Forest Hills / Cheaters Prayer Trailer
Group C: Vampire Lesbians / Brilliant Traces / Visitor from Forest Hills / Cheaters Prayer Trailer
DATE: 2013/04/11::
19
El Príncipe Genji-Apertura Curso UNED CASPE 2014-2015
El Príncipe Genji-Apertura Curso UNED CASPE 2014-2015
DATE: 2014/12/08::
20
The Contrast: Act V Scene I
The Contrast: Act V Scene I
DATE: 2014/03/05::
21
Betrayal Interview
Betrayal Interview
DATE: 2013/03/21::
22
Literature Book Review  Japanese Tales Pantheon fairy tale & folklore library by Royall Tyler
Literature Book Review Japanese Tales Pantheon fairy tale & folklore library by Royall Tyler
DATE: 2014/12/03::
23
HOW I LEARNED TO DRIVE
HOW I LEARNED TO DRIVE
DATE: 2012/09/24::
24
[JMovie2013]『源氏物語 千年の謎』- The Tale of Genji HDMovie 2013
[JMovie2013]『源氏物語 千年の謎』- The Tale of Genji HDMovie 2013
DATE: 2014/09/20::
25
Cheater
Cheater's Prayer Interview
DATE: 2013/03/21::
26
[JMovie2013]『源氏物語 千年の謎』- The Tale of Genji HDMovie 2013
[JMovie2013]『源氏物語 千年の謎』- The Tale of Genji HDMovie 2013
DATE: 2014/06/24::
27
Japanese Ghost Stories - The Demon-Haunted Bridge
Japanese Ghost Stories - The Demon-Haunted Bridge
DATE: 2009/08/18::
28
Japanese No Dramas
Japanese No Dramas
DATE: 2013/12/02::
29
The Cast Song
The Cast Song
DATE: 2010/02/28::
30
Justin Small- Mr Cellophane
Justin Small- Mr Cellophane
DATE: 2009/07/10::
31
Japanese Tales
Japanese Tales
DATE: 2013/12/09::
32
Post-FTS Fall
Post-FTS Fall '12
DATE: 2012/12/19::
33
Literature Book Review: Twenty Plays of the No Theatre: 20 Plays of the No Theatre by Donald Keen...
Literature Book Review: Twenty Plays of the No Theatre: 20 Plays of the No Theatre by Donald Keen...
DATE: 2013/01/16::
34
Royal Tailor - Ready Set Go [Official Music Video]
Royal Tailor - Ready Set Go [Official Music Video]
DATE: 2014/05/29::
35
RTT Candy Hunt 2010
RTT Candy Hunt 2010
DATE: 2010/04/28::
36
EL PRÍNCIPE GENJI
EL PRÍNCIPE GENJI
DATE: 2014/12/08::
37
The Contrast: Act I, Scene II by The Januaries
The Contrast: Act I, Scene II by The Januaries
DATE: 2014/03/05::
38
Genji Monogatari Symphony - Isao Tomita - 3
Genji Monogatari Symphony - Isao Tomita - 3
DATE: 2008/06/30::
39
The Contrast Act III Scene II
The Contrast Act III Scene II
DATE: 2014/03/05::
40
Tim Eriksen sings "Friendship" at the Summit House
Tim Eriksen sings "Friendship" at the Summit House
DATE: 2008/04/25::
41
Genji Monogatari Symphony - Isao Tomita - 2
Genji Monogatari Symphony - Isao Tomita - 2
DATE: 2008/06/30::
42
Genji Monogatari Symphony - Isao Tomita - 1
Genji Monogatari Symphony - Isao Tomita - 1
DATE: 2008/06/30::
43
4th July Independene day firework
4th July Independene day firework
DATE: 2013/07/04::
44
Rugby H2H: Tyler Harrison, UC Davis
Rugby H2H: Tyler Harrison, UC Davis
DATE: 2010/09/08::
45
The Miniaturist
The Miniaturist
DATE: 2011/12/12::
46
ADAMista
ADAMista
DATE: 2013/05/17::
47
Rugby H2H: Battle 2 Promo Jones vs. Harrison
Rugby H2H: Battle 2 Promo Jones vs. Harrison
DATE: 2010/09/02::
48
Literature Book Review: Crazy Salad and Scribble Scribble: Some Things About Women and Notes on M...
Literature Book Review: Crazy Salad and Scribble Scribble: Some Things About Women and Notes on M...
DATE: 2013/01/16::
49
Literature Book Review: Amish Romance Boxed Set (Amish Washdays Books) by Sicily Yoder
Literature Book Review: Amish Romance Boxed Set (Amish Washdays Books) by Sicily Yoder
DATE: 2013/01/16::
50
Literature Book Review: Bad Boy Billionaires Mega-Collection, Vols. 1 - 8 (The BAD BOY BILLIONAIR...
Literature Book Review: Bad Boy Billionaires Mega-Collection, Vols. 1 - 8 (The BAD BOY BILLIONAIR...
DATE: 2013/01/16::
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This article is about the playwright. For the translator, see Royall Tyler (academic). For the historian, see Royall Tyler (historian).
Royall Tyler

Royall Tyler (June 18, 1757 – August 26, 1826) was an American jurist and playwright.

Early life[edit]

Born in Boston, Massachusetts on June 18, 1757, he was the son of wealthy merchant and political figure Royall Tyler (died 1771) and Mary (Steele) Tyler. He attended Boston Latin School and Harvard University, where he earned a reputation as a quick-witted joker. His roommate at Harvard was Christopher Gore.

Military service[edit]

After graduating from Harvard in 1776, Tyler briefly served in the Massachusetts militia during the American Revolution, including taking part in John Hancock's Rhode Island expedition.

Start of career[edit]

In late 1778, he began to studying law with Francis Dana. He was admitted to the bar in 1780 and practiced in Portland, Maine before moving to Braintree, Massachusetts.

In Braintree Tyler lodged with Mary and Richard Cranch. Mary Cranch was the sister of Abigail Adams, and Tyler soon met John Quincy Adams, with whom he became friendly, and Abigail ("Nabby"), whom he courted. Tyler had developed a reputation as a profligate while in college, supposedly squandering half his inheritance on parties, in grog shops and pursuing women after the death of his father. In a letter to her husband John Adams, Abigail noted that despite having "a sprightly fancy, a warm imagination and an agreeable person," Tyler was "rather negligent in pursueing (sic) his business ... and dissipated two or 3 more years of his Life and too much of his fortune to reflect upon with pleasure; all of which he now laments but cannot recall." John Quincy Adams apparently enjoyed Tyler's company, but questioned his integrity and did not think him suitable marriage material. Nabby Adams eventually ended the relationship, to the approval of her parents and brother.

Tyler served again in the militia in 1787, as aide de camp to Benjamin Lincoln during the suppressing of Shays's Rebellion. After the rebels fled he was dispatched to Vermont to negotiate for the arrest of the rebels.

Tyler was friendly with Joseph Pearce Palmer and Palmer's wife Elizabeth Hunt, and resided in their Boston boarding house. In 1796 Tyler married their daughter Mary, who was eighteen years younger, and they moved to Guilford, Vermont. They moved to Brattleboro in 1801, and were the parents of eleven children: Royall (Born 1794, died in college); John (b. 1796); Mary (b. 1798); Edward (b. 1800); William (b. 1802); Joseph (b. 1804); Amelia (b. 1807); George (b. 1809); Charles Royall (b. 1812); Thomas (b. 1815); and Abiel (1818-1832). Several Tyler children had prominent careers, including four who became members of the clergy.

Mary Palmer Tyler lived to age 91. She died in Brattleboro on July 13, 1866, and was buried next to her husband.

Later career[edit]

A Federalist, Tyler served as Windham County State's Attorney. In 1801, he was appointed a Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court, even though the Vermont House of Representatives was controlled by the Democratic-Republican Party. In 1807 he became Chief Justice, and served until 1812.

In 1812 he ran unsuccessfully for the United States Senate as a Democratic-Republican, losing the legislative election because by then the Federalists controlled Vermont General Assembly.

From 1811 to 1814 Tyler was a Professor of Jurisprudence at the University of Vermont.

From 1815 to 1821 he was Windham County's Register of Probate.

Career as author[edit]

In 1787, his comedy The Contrast was performed in New York City, the first American comedy to be performed by professional actors. The play's first public showing was shortly after George Washington's inauguration and Washington and several members of the First Congress attended. The play was well-received, and Tyler became a literary celebrity.[1]

Tyler continued to write, and frequently collaborated with his friend Joseph Dennie,[2][3] including co-writing a satirical column which appeared in Dennie's newspaper The Farmer's Weekly Museum.[4][5] He published The Algerine Captive in 1797 and wrote several legal tracts, six plays, a musical drama, two long poems, many essays, and a semifictional travel narrative, 1809's The Yankey in London.

Death and burial[edit]

Tyler died in Brattleboro, Vermont on August 26, 1826 as the result of facial cancer that he had suffered from for ten years. He was buried in Brattleboro's Prospect Hill Cemetery.

Personal life[edit]

In later life Royall Tyler admitted to his youthful arrogance and profligate conduct, but said he regretted only the limitations which his past placed upon his career and later ambitions.

He was believed[by whom?] to have fathered a child with Katharine Morse, the cleaning woman in the Harvard College buildings when Tyler was a student. This son, Royal Morse was born in 1779 and came to public attention as a leader of the 1834 anti-Catholic riots in Cambridge.

According to Palmer family descendants[citation needed], Tyler fathered one daughter, and possibly two, with his landlady and mother-in-law Elizabeth Palmer while her husband, Joseph Pearse Palmer was away. The girls were Sophia, born in 1786, and Catherine, born in 1791.

Tyler was accused[by whom?] of starting a sexual relationship with Mary Palmer before she was old enough to marry. In her version of events, her neighbors believed that she was pregnant before she married Royall Tyler because the neighbors didn't know that they had married in secret.[citation needed]

Legacy[edit]

Tyler has been identified[by whom?] as the model for Jaffrey Pyncheon in Nathaniel Hawthorne's The House of the Seven Gables. Hawthorne's wife was a descendant of Elizabeth Palmer. The Palmer family preserved stories of Tyler's sexual misbehavior as a young man, some of which were known to Hawthorne, and which he used in his novel.[citation needed]

The main theater at the University of Vermont is named for him.

His descendant Royall Tyler (1884-1953) was a prominent historian.

His descendant Royall Tyler (born 1936) is a well known scholar and translator of Japanese literature.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lepore, Jill (14 April 2008). "Prior Convictions". The New Yorker. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  2. ^ Westbrook, Perry D. (1988). A Literary History of New England. Lehigh University Press. p. 100. ISBN 0-934223-02-5. 
  3. ^ Richards, Jeffrey H. (1997). Early American Drama. Penguin Classics. p. 1. ISBN 0-14-043588-3. 
  4. ^ Tyler, Royall; Wilbur, James Benjamin (1920). The Contrast: A Comedy in Five Acts. Houghton Mifflin. p. 119. 
  5. ^ Ellis, Milton (1971). Joseph Dennie and His Circle: A Study in American Literature From 1792-1812. AMS Press. pp. 66–67. ISBN 0-404-02308-8. 

Additional sources[edit]

  • Carson, Ada Lou, "Thomas Pickman Tyler's 'Memoirs of Royall Tyler': An Annotated Edition," University of Minnesota Ph.D. (University Microfilms), 1985.
  • Carson, Ada Lou and Herbert L. Carson, "Royall Tyler," Twayne Publishers: 1979.
  • Lauter, Paul, Ed. The Heath Anthology of American Literature. [1] Vol. 1. 4th ed. Houghton Mifflin Co.: Boston, 2002.
  • Dame, Frederick William, Roots of American Character Identity, Volume 2, Chapter 9: The Role of the American Dramatist-Jurist Royall Tyler (1757-1826) in Developing American National Identity (pages 261-325), The Edwin Mellen Press, Lewiston NY: 2009.

Further reading[edit]

  • Jarvis, Katherine Schall. Royall Tyler's Lyrics for "May Day in Town", Harvard Library bulletin, Volume XXIII, Number 2 (April 1975).

External links[edit]

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