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Influential People: Ruby Hurley - Vernon Jordan
Influential People: Ruby Hurley - Vernon Jordan
Published: 2014/05/29
Channel: Explorations In Black Leadership
Ruby Hurley 28th Annual Image Award Gala
Ruby Hurley 28th Annual Image Award Gala
Published: 2015/10/29
Channel: The Reel McCoy Productions
top pitbull ruby hurley
top pitbull ruby hurley
Published: 2008/09/16
Channel: laineylou33
michael hurley the rue of ruby whores
michael hurley the rue of ruby whores
Published: 2008/01/18
Channel: pickledporkchop
The Rue Of Ruby Whores - Michael Hurley cover sung by a small bear
The Rue Of Ruby Whores - Michael Hurley cover sung by a small bear
Published: 2014/02/14
Channel: realbadtv
Michael Hurley:  The Rue of Ruby Whores
Michael Hurley: The Rue of Ruby Whores
Published: 2011/05/02
Channel: kellynesbitt
9 - Dean
9 - Dean's Office : THREATS with Jennifer McCabe, Ruby Frankel, Cara Hurley, Owen Fitzpatrick
Published: 2016/12/31
Channel: Stonestreet Studios
Michael Hurley - Be Kind To Me
Michael Hurley - Be Kind To Me
Published: 2012/05/04
Channel: MockyRock
Michael Hurley - I
Michael Hurley - I'm Worried I'm Worried
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: cool music for cool dudes
[HD] Ruby & Tony - Crema (Original Mix)
[HD] Ruby & Tony - Crema (Original Mix)
Published: 2011/12/17
Channel: Jean Jacques
Michael Hurley - Sweedeedee
Michael Hurley - Sweedeedee
Published: 2012/09/13
Channel: tal m
Michael Hurley - New Tea (1968)
Michael Hurley - New Tea (1968)
Published: 2011/02/25
Channel: HOMEsafeandsound
Michael Hurley, Rhinefarm Session in the Vineyard at Gundlach Bundschu
Michael Hurley, Rhinefarm Session in the Vineyard at Gundlach Bundschu
Published: 2015/05/13
Channel: Gundlach Bundschu
November 26, 2016
November 26, 2016
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: Ruby Hurley
CHEAP GIRLS IN THE HURLEY STUDIOS: SLOW NOD
CHEAP GIRLS IN THE HURLEY STUDIOS: SLOW NOD
Published: 2014/09/08
Channel: Hurley
November 26, 2016
November 26, 2016
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: Ruby Hurley
November 26, 2016
November 26, 2016
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: Ruby Hurley
Julian Vincent feat Shannon Hurley Lost in Space Ruby & Tony Remix + Lyrics ASOT 553
Julian Vincent feat Shannon Hurley Lost in Space Ruby & Tony Remix + Lyrics ASOT 553
Published: 2012/03/20
Channel: RazNitzanMusic
CHEAP GIRLS IN THE HURLEY STUDIOS: MAN IN QUESTION
CHEAP GIRLS IN THE HURLEY STUDIOS: MAN IN QUESTION
Published: 2014/11/14
Channel: Hurley
Know The Score | Sunday 6 November, 8.30pm | RTÉ ONE
Know The Score | Sunday 6 November, 8.30pm | RTÉ ONE
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: RTÉ - IRELAND’S NATIONAL PUBLIC SERVICE MEDIA
Just You - James Hurley - A Side by side comparison -  TWIN PEAKS 1990/2017
Just You - James Hurley - A Side by side comparison - TWIN PEAKS 1990/2017
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: Nathanael Sampaio
MVI 0107
MVI 0107
Published: 2015/07/12
Channel: Sunny J Ranch
MVI 0105
MVI 0105
Published: 2015/07/12
Channel: Sunny J Ranch
MVI 0106
MVI 0106
Published: 2015/07/12
Channel: Sunny J Ranch
BARBIE - Rapunzel || Full Movie in English
BARBIE - Rapunzel || Full Movie in English
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: Limited toonz
Puppies 1 2011 029
Puppies 1 2011 029
Published: 2011/01/06
Channel: puppiesallure
Julian Vincent & Shannon Hurley - Lost In Space (Ruby & Tony Mix) ~ AjccMinas 👍
Julian Vincent & Shannon Hurley - Lost In Space (Ruby & Tony Mix) ~ AjccMinas 👍
Published: 2014/11/24
Channel: AjccMinas4
MIchael Hurley - Ghost Woman Blues
MIchael Hurley - Ghost Woman Blues
Published: 2012/01/03
Channel: JahBoys
STRONGEST HARLEY BUILD & COMBO! MOBILE LEGENDS HARLEY RANKED GAMEPLAY.
STRONGEST HARLEY BUILD & COMBO! MOBILE LEGENDS HARLEY RANKED GAMEPLAY.
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: Ass_Dave MOBA
Fall Out Boy Crib
Fall Out Boy Crib
Published: 2008/04/22
Channel: Chicago Tribune
MVI 0104
MVI 0104
Published: 2015/07/12
Channel: Sunny J Ranch
CHEAP GIRLS: LIVE IN THE HURLEY STUDIO
CHEAP GIRLS: LIVE IN THE HURLEY STUDIO
Published: 2010/04/26
Channel: Hurley
Michael Hurley - What
Michael Hurley - What'llya Do What'llya Say
Published: 2013/07/21
Channel: Eduardo Haddad
no no no i won
no no no i won't go down no more
Published: 2011/11/21
Channel: andreweargleful
WE SURFED BALI! - Sailing Ruby Rose
WE SURFED BALI! - Sailing Ruby Rose
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: Sailing Yacht Ruby Rose
Michael Hurley - Knockando
Michael Hurley - Knockando
Published: 2013/08/17
Channel: Anne Fisk
Ben Nicky & Cassandra Fox - The One (Ruby & Tony Remix)
Ben Nicky & Cassandra Fox - The One (Ruby & Tony Remix)
Published: 2011/11/29
Channel: adminoftrancemusic1
Messing Around with Charlie Messing #90 Hurley Wilburys Ben E. King  Boudleaux Bryant Dylan Waits
Messing Around with Charlie Messing #90 Hurley Wilburys Ben E. King Boudleaux Bryant Dylan Waits
Published: 2012/11/05
Channel: Charlie Messing
Michael Hurley- Portland Water
Michael Hurley- Portland Water
Published: 2010/02/02
Channel: Ghost Capital
Michael Hurley - Blue Mountain
Michael Hurley - Blue Mountain
Published: 2009/12/03
Channel: HucksterDu
Twin Peaks 3 - Ed n Norma
Twin Peaks 3 - Ed n Norma
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: Sani Anttila
Michael Hurley, Rhinefarm Session live in the Barrel Cave at Gundlach Bundschu
Michael Hurley, Rhinefarm Session live in the Barrel Cave at Gundlach Bundschu
Published: 2015/06/22
Channel: Gundlach Bundschu
Michael Hurley - Wildegeeses
Michael Hurley - Wildegeeses
Published: 2011/04/16
Channel: kuganv89
Hog of the Forsaken - Michael Hurley
Hog of the Forsaken - Michael Hurley
Published: 2010/10/12
Channel: toothlessflics
Michael Hurley In the Garden
Michael Hurley In the Garden
Published: 2012/09/27
Channel: alltheynoise
Michael Hurley - Animal Song (If I Could Ramble Like A Hound)
Michael Hurley - Animal Song (If I Could Ramble Like A Hound)
Published: 2010/12/13
Channel: sichlaubruun
Michael Hurley- O My Stars
Michael Hurley- O My Stars
Published: 2010/02/02
Channel: Ghost Capital
You Get Down by the Pool Hall Clickety Clack  (Sister Song) - Michael Hurley
You Get Down by the Pool Hall Clickety Clack (Sister Song) - Michael Hurley
Published: 2011/12/01
Channel: daniel price
The Veils "Axolotl" in Twin Peaks 2017
The Veils "Axolotl" in Twin Peaks 2017
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: The Veils
michael hurley - light green fellow
michael hurley - light green fellow
Published: 2011/11/13
Channel: Sander Wildeboer
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Ruby Hurley
Ruby Hurley.jpg
Born Ruby Ruffin
(1909-11-07)November 7, 1909
Washington, D.C.
Died August 9, 1980(1980-08-09) (aged 70)
Atlanta, Georgia
Alma mater Miner Teachers College
Robert H. Terrell Law School
Known for Civil rights activism
Spouse(s) William L. Hurley

Ruby Hurley (November 7, 1909 – August 9, 1980) was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement and administrator for the NAACP. She was known as the "queen of civil rights".[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Ruby Ruffin was born on November 7, 1909, in Washington, D.C., to Alice and Edward R. Ruffin. After she graduated from Dunbar High School in 1926,[2] she attended Miner Teachers College and Robert H. Terrell Law School. She worked briefly for the federal government and at the Industrial Bank of Washington.[1] She married William L. Hurley, a lieutenant in the US Army Corps of Engineers.[2]

In 1939, Hurley was on a committee that was tasked with arranging for a performance from Marian Anderson, an African-American opera singer who had been barred from singing at Constitution Hall by the Daughters of the American Revolution. The committee was able to secure a venue change and Anderson performed at an open-air concert on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial before a crowd of 75,000.[3]

Career with the NAACP[edit]

For the next four years, Hurley worked reorganizing the D.C. branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), bolstering their youth council. Walter Francis White, who headed the NAACP, appointed Hurley to the position of national Youth Secretary in 1943. She moved to New York City and stayed in that role until 1950. Hurley traveled across the country organizing youth councils and college chapters, increasing their number from 86 to over 280 during her tenure.[2]

In 1951, she moved from New York to Birmingham, Alabama, to set up an NAACP office and oversee membership drives in Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida. It was the first permanent NAACP office located in the Deep South.[4] She became Regional Secretary of the NAACP's newly formed Southeast Regional Office the following year.[2] In 1955, Hurley joined with civil rights activists Amzie Moore and Medgar Evers, who was Field Secretary at the NAACP's Mississippi office, in investigating the murders of minister George W. Lee and 14-year-old Emmett Till.[1][5] In order to interview witnesses for Till's case, Hurley wore cotton picker's clothes.[2] Following the Brown v. Board of Education ruling in 1954, Hurley worked to implement racial integration in the South.[2] While she practiced Christian nonviolence, she appeared on the cover of Jet magazine's October 6, 1955, issue with a caption reading "Most Militant Negro Woman In The South".[6] In 1956, Hurley helped to prepare the case of Autherine Lucy to be allowed to attend the University of Alabama.[1] Hurley's efforts were met with open hostility and she suffered from fatigue and weight loss. Her house was attacked and she received obscene telephone calls. Following a riot at the University of Alabama campus, black taxi drivers offered protection, circling her home.[2]

Hurley was forced to flee Alabama in the night on June 1, 1956, after the state barred the NAACP from operating there. She moved to Atlanta where she opened a regional office four months later. The headquarters became a focal point for civil rights organizers and Hurley worked alongside Vernon Jordan. Jordan and Fredericka Thompson Bradley assisted Charlayne Hunter-Gault and Hamilton E. Holmes in gaining admission to the University of Georgia in 1961.[1] Following the assassination of Medgar Evers in 1963, Hurley convinced his widow Myrlie to have him interred at Arlington National Cemetery.[2]

Death and legacy[edit]

Hurley retired on March 31, 1978, and served as president of United Methodist Women. She died on August 9, 1980, in Atlanta.[1] The Chattanooga–Hamilton County NAACP hosts an annual Ruby Hurley Image Awards.[7] In 2009, Hurley was featured alongside Ella Baker on a 42-cent stamp.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Civil rights queen, Ruby Hurley dies at 70". The Afro American. August 23, 1980. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Lawson, Steven F. (2004). "HURLEY, Ruby". Notable American Women: A Biographical Dictionary, Volume 5. Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.]: Belknap Press of Harvard Univ. Press. pp. 318–320. ISBN 978-0-674-01488-6. 
  3. ^ Hamlin, Françoise N. Crossroads at Clarksdale: The Black Freedom Struggle in the Mississippi Delta After World War II. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. pp. 18–19. ISBN 978-0-8078-3549-4. 
  4. ^ Williams, Horace Randall; Beard, Ben (2009). This Day in Civil Rights History. Montgomery, AL: NewSouth Books. p. 134. ISBN 978-1-58835-241-5. 
  5. ^ "1973 interview with Howell Raines". The Lynching of Emmett Till: A Documentary Narrative. University of Virginia Press. 2002. pp. 264–265. ISBN 978-0-8139-3458-7. 
  6. ^ "Most Militant Negro Woman In The South". Jet. Johnson Publishing Company. October 6, 1955. ISSN 0021-5996. 
  7. ^ "NAACP Ruby Hurley Images Awards Set For Oct. 8". The Chattanoogan. September 26, 2011. 
  8. ^ Carter, Terry (February 21, 2013). "Black History Month: 23 Civil Rights Activists Honored On U.S. Stamps". Vibe. 

Further reading[edit]

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