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Influential People: Ruby Hurley - Vernon Jordan
Influential People: Ruby Hurley - Vernon Jordan
Published: 2014/05/29
Channel: Explorations In Black Leadership
michael hurley the rue of ruby whores
michael hurley the rue of ruby whores
Published: 2008/01/18
Channel: pickledporkchop
Ruby Hurley 28th Annual Image Award Gala
Ruby Hurley 28th Annual Image Award Gala
Published: 2015/10/29
Channel: The Reel McCoy Productions
top pitbull ruby hurley
top pitbull ruby hurley
Published: 2008/09/16
Channel: laineylou33
The Rue Of Ruby Whores - Michael Hurley cover sung by a small bear
The Rue Of Ruby Whores - Michael Hurley cover sung by a small bear
Published: 2014/02/14
Channel: realbadtv
Michael Hurley:  The Rue of Ruby Whores
Michael Hurley: The Rue of Ruby Whores
Published: 2011/05/02
Channel: kellynesbitt
Julian Vincent feat Shannon Hurley Lost in Space Ruby & Tony remix
Julian Vincent feat Shannon Hurley Lost in Space Ruby & Tony remix
Published: 2012/03/21
Channel: raznitzan
Friendly game of Truth or dare!
Friendly game of Truth or dare!
Published: 2017/10/21
Channel: Ruby Hurley
True or dare
True or dare
Published: 2017/11/05
Channel: Ruby Hurley
Michael Hurley - Sweedeedee
Michael Hurley - Sweedeedee
Published: 2012/09/13
Channel: tal m
Fall
Fall
Published: 2017/11/05
Channel: Ruby Hurley
November 26, 2016
November 26, 2016
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: Ruby Hurley
November 26, 2016
November 26, 2016
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: Ruby Hurley
November 26, 2016
November 26, 2016
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: Ruby Hurley
Michael Hurley - New Tea (1968)
Michael Hurley - New Tea (1968)
Published: 2011/02/25
Channel: HOMEsafeandsound
Julian Vincent & Shannon Hurley - Lost In Space (Ruby & Tony Mix) ~ AjccMinas 👍
Julian Vincent & Shannon Hurley - Lost In Space (Ruby & Tony Mix) ~ AjccMinas 👍
Published: 2014/11/24
Channel: AjccMinas4
9 - Dean
9 - Dean's Office : THREATS with Jennifer McCabe, Ruby Frankel, Cara Hurley, Owen Fitzpatrick
Published: 2016/12/31
Channel: Stonestreet Studios
Michael Hurley - Blue Mountain
Michael Hurley - Blue Mountain
Published: 2009/12/03
Channel: HucksterDu
Kaitaia College - Health video (bullying)
Kaitaia College - Health video (bullying)
Published: 2015/09/11
Channel: Ruby Luke-Hurley
'HARLEY QUINN' Suicide Squad Makeup Tutorial !!!
Published: 2016/10/09
Channel: dope2111
Michael Hurley - Knockando
Michael Hurley - Knockando
Published: 2013/08/17
Channel: Anne Fisk
2005 Coachmen Capri Ruby Edition Travel Trailer | Bob Hurley Rv Tulsa Oklahoma Rv Dealer
2005 Coachmen Capri Ruby Edition Travel Trailer | Bob Hurley Rv Tulsa Oklahoma Rv Dealer
Published: 2013/12/22
Channel: Bob Hurley RV
Hog of the Forsaken - Michael Hurley
Hog of the Forsaken - Michael Hurley
Published: 2010/10/12
Channel: toothlessflics
michael hurley/unholy modal rounders - "slurf song"
michael hurley/unholy modal rounders - "slurf song"
Published: 2010/02/05
Channel: march1291
Michael Hurley- O My Stars
Michael Hurley- O My Stars
Published: 2010/02/02
Channel: Ghost Capital
MVI 0105
MVI 0105
Published: 2015/07/12
Channel: Sunny J Ranch
Michael Hurley- Portland Water
Michael Hurley- Portland Water
Published: 2010/02/02
Channel: Ghost Capital
Michael Hurley-Pretty Girl on Roller Skates
Michael Hurley-Pretty Girl on Roller Skates
Published: 2013/06/22
Channel: Jake Arneson
STAMPING TECHNIQUES You NEED To Know!
STAMPING TECHNIQUES You NEED To Know!
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: Inklipse
Michael Hurley - I Stole the Right to Live
Michael Hurley - I Stole the Right to Live
Published: 2010/06/21
Channel: Guybrush Threepwood
Michael Hurley 10-30-1997 Kendall Cafe part 1
Michael Hurley 10-30-1997 Kendall Cafe part 1
Published: 2017/08/29
Channel: RoadToRuane
Know The Score | Sunday 6 November, 8.30pm | RTÉ ONE
Know The Score | Sunday 6 November, 8.30pm | RTÉ ONE
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: RTÉ - IRELAND’S NATIONAL PUBLIC SERVICE MEDIA
Michael Hurley - Uncle Bob
Michael Hurley - Uncle Bob's Corner
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: cool music for cool dudes
Michael Hurley In the Garden
Michael Hurley In the Garden
Published: 2012/09/27
Channel: alltheynoise
Michael Hurley - Water Train
Michael Hurley - Water Train
Published: 2013/02/11
Channel: Braunld
Michael Hurley - English Nobleman
Michael Hurley - English Nobleman
Published: 2014/10/22
Channel: Ben Simon
Michael Hurley - Long Journey (1976)
Michael Hurley - Long Journey (1976)
Published: 2010/10/25
Channel: Permanent Sounds
Michael Hurley - Uncle Bob
Michael Hurley - Uncle Bob's Corner
Published: 2010/06/13
Channel: Mntgoatsfan
Little Raven - Werewolf (Michael Hurley Cover)
Little Raven - Werewolf (Michael Hurley Cover)
Published: 2015/11/17
Channel: Little Raven Music
Michael Hurley - Lonesome Graveyard
Michael Hurley - Lonesome Graveyard
Published: 2011/03/26
Channel: ashemon
Michael Hurley - Werewolf
Michael Hurley - Werewolf
Published: 2011/12/03
Channel: Tatiana Saavedra
Michael Hurley - Panama Hat (1976)
Michael Hurley - Panama Hat (1976)
Published: 2010/10/25
Channel: Permanent Sounds
Julian vincent and Shannon hurley - Lost in space (Mark otten edit)
Julian vincent and Shannon hurley - Lost in space (Mark otten edit)
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: Koala Beats
Nobody can gank Ruby EVER (MOBILE LEGENDS)
Nobody can gank Ruby EVER (MOBILE LEGENDS)
Published: 2017/11/03
Channel: Dying Cat ฅʕ•ع•ʔฅ
American Stone feat. Tim Hurley - Miss You
American Stone feat. Tim Hurley - Miss You
Published: 2016/01/26
Channel: Tim Hurley
Michael Hurley - Werewolf
Michael Hurley - Werewolf
Published: 2013/05/25
Channel: twosisters9
CHEAP GIRLS IN THE HURLEY STUDIOS: SLOW NOD
CHEAP GIRLS IN THE HURLEY STUDIOS: SLOW NOD
Published: 2014/09/08
Channel: Hurley
Michael Hurley - Slurf Song
Michael Hurley - Slurf Song
Published: 2010/03/29
Channel: MrHopeTelevision
STRONGEST HARLEY BUILD & COMBO! MOBILE LEGENDS HARLEY RANKED GAMEPLAY.
STRONGEST HARLEY BUILD & COMBO! MOBILE LEGENDS HARLEY RANKED GAMEPLAY.
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: Ass_Dave MOBA
Driving Wheel - Jeffrey Fredericks
Driving Wheel - Jeffrey Fredericks
Published: 2011/07/03
Channel: FugginGreat
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Ruby Hurley
Ruby Hurley.jpg
Born Ruby Ruffin
(1909-11-07)November 7, 1909
Washington, D.C.
Died August 9, 1980(1980-08-09) (aged 70)
Atlanta, Georgia
Alma mater Miner Teachers College
Robert H. Terrell Law School
Known for Civil rights activism
Spouse(s) William L. Hurley

Ruby Hurley (November 7, 1909 – August 9, 1980) was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement and administrator for the NAACP. She was known as the "queen of civil rights".[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Ruby Ruffin was born on November 7, 1909, in Washington, D.C., to Alice and Edward R. Ruffin. After she graduated from Dunbar High School in 1926,[2] she attended Miner Teachers College and Robert H. Terrell Law School. She worked briefly for the federal government and at the Industrial Bank of Washington.[1] She married William L. Hurley, a lieutenant in the US Army Corps of Engineers.[2]

In 1939, Hurley was on a committee that was tasked with arranging for a performance from Marian Anderson, an African-American opera singer who had been barred from singing at Constitution Hall by the Daughters of the American Revolution. The committee was able to secure a venue change and Anderson performed at an open-air concert on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial before a crowd of 75,000.[3]

Career with the NAACP[edit]

For the next four years, Hurley worked reorganizing the D.C. branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), bolstering their youth council. Walter Francis White, who headed the NAACP, appointed Hurley to the position of national Youth Secretary in 1943. She moved to New York City and stayed in that role until 1950. Hurley traveled across the country organizing youth councils and college chapters, increasing their number from 86 to over 280 during her tenure.[2]

In 1951, she moved from New York to Birmingham, Alabama, to set up an NAACP office and oversee membership drives in Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida. It was the first permanent NAACP office located in the Deep South.[4] She became Regional Secretary of the NAACP's newly formed Southeast Regional Office the following year.[2] In 1955, Hurley joined with civil rights activists Amzie Moore and Medgar Evers, who was Field Secretary at the NAACP's Mississippi office, in investigating the murders of minister George W. Lee and 14-year-old Emmett Till.[1][5] In order to interview witnesses for Till's case, Hurley wore cotton picker's clothes.[2] Following the Brown v. Board of Education ruling in 1954, Hurley worked to implement racial integration in the South.[2] While she practiced Christian nonviolence, she appeared on the cover of Jet magazine's October 6, 1955, issue with a caption reading "Most Militant Negro Woman In The South".[6] In 1956, Hurley helped to prepare the case of Autherine Lucy to be allowed to attend the University of Alabama.[1] Hurley's efforts were met with open hostility and she suffered from fatigue and weight loss. Her house was attacked and she received obscene telephone calls. Following a riot at the University of Alabama campus, black taxi drivers offered protection, circling her home.[2]

Hurley was forced to flee Alabama in the night on June 1, 1956, after the state barred the NAACP from operating there. She moved to Atlanta where she opened a regional office four months later. The headquarters became a focal point for civil rights organizers and Hurley worked alongside Vernon Jordan. Jordan and Fredericka Thompson Bradley assisted Charlayne Hunter-Gault and Hamilton E. Holmes in gaining admission to the University of Georgia in 1961.[1] Following the assassination of Medgar Evers in 1963, Hurley convinced his widow Myrlie to have him interred at Arlington National Cemetery.[2]

Death and legacy[edit]

Hurley retired on March 31, 1978, and served as president of United Methodist Women. She died on August 9, 1980, in Atlanta.[1] The Chattanooga–Hamilton County NAACP hosts an annual Ruby Hurley Image Awards.[7] In 2009, Hurley was featured alongside Ella Baker on a 42-cent stamp.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Civil rights queen, Ruby Hurley dies at 70". The Afro American. August 23, 1980. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Lawson, Steven F. (2004). "HURLEY, Ruby". Notable American Women: A Biographical Dictionary, Volume 5. Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.]: Belknap Press of Harvard Univ. Press. pp. 318–320. ISBN 978-0-674-01488-6. 
  3. ^ Hamlin, Françoise N. Crossroads at Clarksdale: The Black Freedom Struggle in the Mississippi Delta After World War II. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. pp. 18–19. ISBN 978-0-8078-3549-4. 
  4. ^ Williams, Horace Randall; Beard, Ben (2009). This Day in Civil Rights History. Montgomery, AL: NewSouth Books. p. 134. ISBN 978-1-58835-241-5. 
  5. ^ "1973 interview with Howell Raines". The Lynching of Emmett Till: A Documentary Narrative. University of Virginia Press. 2002. pp. 264–265. ISBN 978-0-8139-3458-7. 
  6. ^ "Most Militant Negro Woman In The South". Jet. Johnson Publishing Company. October 6, 1955. ISSN 0021-5996. 
  7. ^ "NAACP Ruby Hurley Images Awards Set For Oct. 8". The Chattanoogan. September 26, 2011. 
  8. ^ Carter, Terry (February 21, 2013). "Black History Month: 23 Civil Rights Activists Honored On U.S. Stamps". Vibe. 

Further reading[edit]

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