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Javan Rusa
Javan Rusa
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Mark Jason Villa
Aaron Davidson with Kingham Safaris in Australia on a Rusa Deer Hunt
Aaron Davidson with Kingham Safaris in Australia on a Rusa Deer Hunt
Published: 2013/08/06
Channel: Gunwerks
Wild Of Indonesia ; Komodo Dragons attacking a Javan Rusa on the beach
Wild Of Indonesia ; Komodo Dragons attacking a Javan Rusa on the beach
Published: 2017/02/04
Channel: Irwan Irawan
DEER TIMOR - Javan Rusa Timor - Wild Life Animal Planet [HD]
DEER TIMOR - Javan Rusa Timor - Wild Life Animal Planet [HD]
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: sri wisnu
Rusa Deer Rut Illawarra 2016
Rusa Deer Rut Illawarra 2016
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Stack Images
Javan Rusa Deer - Rusa timorensis
Javan Rusa Deer - Rusa timorensis
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: Animal Kingdom
Javan Rusa
Javan Rusa
Published: 2013/07/21
Channel: xGrumpy Catz
The Sambar Deer | Rusa unicolor
The Sambar Deer | Rusa unicolor
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: Media Space
Bowhunting Australia - Rusa Deer Stag
Bowhunting Australia - Rusa Deer Stag
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: Ayden Doumtsis
Wild of Indonesia : Javan Rusa and Green peafowl dance combination
Wild of Indonesia : Javan Rusa and Green peafowl dance combination
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: Irwan Irawan
Javan rusa videos, photos and facts - Rusa timorensis
Javan rusa videos, photos and facts - Rusa timorensis
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: Animal Kingdom
Rusa Hunting in New Caledonia
Rusa Hunting in New Caledonia
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Jeremy Hanaray
Monster Rusa stag
Monster Rusa stag
Published: 2017/01/07
Channel: sikahunting
Hunt 4. Galatea Rusa
Hunt 4. Galatea Rusa
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: Onward Hunting
Rusa Deer
Rusa Deer
Published: 2014/02/09
Channel: Walid Sawan
Hunting trophy Rusa deer in the roar, In New Caledonia part 54(Must watch)
Hunting trophy Rusa deer in the roar, In New Caledonia part 54(Must watch)
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: waikarimoana
Rusa hunting HavagoAustralia.
Rusa hunting HavagoAustralia.
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: Debbie Dieckmann
The Chronicles of Javan Rusa
The Chronicles of Javan Rusa
Published: 2016/08/14
Channel: Fatih Nasrulloh
Rare Javan Rusa Deer Seized From Indonesian Businessman
Rare Javan Rusa Deer Seized From Indonesian Businessman's Home
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: BeritaSatu World
Rusa deer Afternoon Feed
Rusa deer Afternoon Feed
Published: 2015/10/16
Channel: Deer Hunter
NSW rusa deer hunt
NSW rusa deer hunt
Published: 2016/09/02
Channel: Hunting & Hunted
rusa deer trophies 2011
rusa deer trophies 2011
Published: 2013/07/23
Channel: Rusaguide
Rusa Deer Stag
Rusa Deer Stag
Published: 2011/05/16
Channel: aussiedeerhunter
Bowhunting Australia - Rusa Deer Bowhunt - Part 2
Bowhunting Australia - Rusa Deer Bowhunt - Part 2
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: Ayden Doumtsis
Melissa & Arie @TASIKOKI with JAVAN RUSA!
Melissa & Arie @TASIKOKI with JAVAN RUSA!
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: -Arie & Melissa- Notes On How To Save Your Cat
Javan Russa - Rusa timorensis
Javan Russa - Rusa timorensis
Published: 2014/05/06
Channel: irwan irawan
RIFLE HUNTING ABNORMAL RUSA DEER
RIFLE HUNTING ABNORMAL RUSA DEER
Published: 2014/06/26
Channel: Ricardo Frugoli
Hunting Rusa Deer in New Caledonia part 57
Hunting Rusa Deer in New Caledonia part 57
Published: 2016/03/03
Channel: waikarimoana
Broadsound Safaris
Broadsound Safaris
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: Aquahulk
Long Range Pursuit | S3 E2 Long Range Deer in Australia
Long Range Pursuit | S3 E2 Long Range Deer in Australia
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: Gunwerks
Rusa stags Bowshot fighting
Rusa stags Bowshot fighting
Published: 2011/08/20
Channel: MrBeartheoriginal
Rusa Deer Hunting in Australia
Rusa Deer Hunting in Australia
Published: 2011/06/25
Channel: markdaddow
Bowhunting Australia - Rusa Deer Bowhunt - Part 1
Bowhunting Australia - Rusa Deer Bowhunt - Part 1
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Ayden Doumtsis
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 24
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 24
Published: 2011/02/07
Channel: waikarimoana
Rusa deer
Rusa deer
Published: 2013/03/09
Channel: Guillaume Sauzier
Sunda Sambar, native of East Timor
Sunda Sambar, native of East Timor
Published: 2011/12/12
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 42
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 42
Published: 2012/04/12
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 39.
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 39.
Published: 2012/02/26
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 31
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 31
Published: 2011/09/12
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 46 (Hunting in the roar)
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 46 (Hunting in the roar)
Published: 2012/09/05
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 8
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 8
Published: 2011/10/13
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 22
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 22
Published: 2011/01/08
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 14(17 meters neck shot)
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 14(17 meters neck shot)
Published: 2010/07/09
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 51
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 51
Published: 2012/11/28
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia Part 1
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia Part 1
Published: 2011/09/28
Channel: waikarimoana
RUSA DEER HUNTING
RUSA DEER HUNTING
Published: 2013/10/07
Channel: Guillaume Sauzier
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 44 (deadly spine shot)
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 44 (deadly spine shot)
Published: 2012/08/24
Channel: waikarimoana
Rusa Stag NSW Australia
Rusa Stag NSW Australia
Published: 2010/11/15
Channel: Michael Gibson
Hunting Rusa Deer - Flehmen Response
Hunting Rusa Deer - Flehmen Response
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: Deer Hunter
Rusa Deer Rut Illawarra 2017 - Stack Images
Rusa Deer Rut Illawarra 2017 - Stack Images
Published: 2017/09/27
Channel: Stack Images
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Javan rusa[1]
Javan Deer couple - Baluran NP - East Java (29505339513).jpg
Male and Female at Baluran National Park, East Java, Indonesia
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Genus: Rusa
Species: R. timorensis
Binomial name
Rusa timorensis
(de Blainville, 1822)
Rusa timorensis natural range-map.png
Present distribution within the native range, including possible ancient introductions

The Javan rusa or Sunda sambar (Rusa timorensis) is a deer native to the islands of Indonesia and East Timor. Introduced populations exist in a wide variety of locations in the Southern Hemisphere.

Subspecies[edit]

The Javan rusa is featured on the 500-rupiah banknote.

Seven subspecies of the Javan rusa are recognised:[1]

  • R. t. timorensis (Timor rusa deer) – Timor.
  • R. t. djongaMuna and Butung Islands.
  • R. t. floresiensis (Flores rusa deer) – Flores and other islands.
  • R. t. macassaricus (Celebes rusa deer) – Celebes.
  • R. t. moluccensis (Moluccan rusa deer) – Molucca Islands.
  • R. t. renschiBali.
  • R. t. russa (Javan rusa deer) – Java.

Description[edit]

Rusa deer are distinguished by their large ears, the light tufts of hair above the eyebrows, and antlers that appear large relative to the body size. The antlers are lyre-shaped and three-tined.[3] Males are bigger than females; head-to-body length varies from 142 to 185 cm (4.66 to 6.07 ft), with a 20 cm (7.9 in) tail.[4] Males weigh 152–160 kg, female about 74 kg. The pelage is grayish-brown and often appears coarse.[3] Unlike most other deer species, newborn fawns do not bear spots.[4]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Javan rusa natively occurs on the islands of Java, Bali, and Timor in Indonesia. It has been introduced to Irian Jaya, Borneo (Kalimantan), the Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku, Sulawesi, Pohnpei, Fiji, Tonga, Samoa, Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands, the Christmas Islands, the Cocos Islands, Nauru, Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, New Britain, and New Ireland.[2][5]

Its habitat prefernces are similar to that of the chital of India: open dry and mixed deciduous forests, parklands, and savannas. Rusa deer have established populations in remote islands, probably brought there by Indonesian fishermen. They adapt well, living as comfortably in the dry Australian bush as they do in their tropical homelands. This trait is shown well in the more frequent encounters on the fringes of Wollongong and Sydney, and in particular in the Royal National Park, indicating steadily growing numbers and strong herds.[citation needed]

Ecology[edit]

Herd of rusa deer at the Baluran National Park

Rusa deer are active mostly in the early morning and late afternoon. They are rarely seen in the open and are very difficult to approach due to their keen senses and cautious instincts.[citation needed]

The species is very sociable, and individuals are rarely found alone. When alarmed, a rusa stag lets out an extremely loud honk. This is an alarm call and alerts any other deer in the vicinity.[citation needed]

As with other deer species, Javan rusa mainly feed on grass, leaves, and fallen fruit. They do not drink water, deriving all required fluid from their food.[3][4]

The main predators of the species include the Javan leopard, the dhole, crocodiles, pythons, and the Komodo dragon.[3][4]

Reproduction[edit]

The Javan rusa mates around July and August, when stags contest by calling in a loud, shrill bark and duelling with the antlers. The doe gives birth to one or two calves after a gestation period of 8 months, at the start of spring. Calves are weaned at 6–8 months, and sexual maturity is attained at 3–5 years, depending on habitat conditions. Javan rusas live 15–20 years both in the wild and in captivity.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Grubb, P. (2005). "Rusa timorensis". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 670. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ a b Hedges, S.; Duckworth, J.W.; Timmins, R.J.; Semiadi, G. & Priyono, A. (2008). "Rusa timorensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 9 April 2009.  Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of vulnerable.
  3. ^ a b c d e Reyes, E. "Rusa timorensis". University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Animal Diversity Web. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Reyes, E. "Rusa, Sunda sambar". Ultimate Ungulate. 
  5. ^ Long, JL (2003). Introduced Mammals of the World: Their History, Distribution and Influence. Cabi Publishing. ISBN 9780851997483. 

External links[edit]

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