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The Chronicles of Javan Rusa
The Chronicles of Javan Rusa
Published: 2016/08/14
Channel: Fatih Nasrulloh
Javan Rusa
Javan Rusa
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Mark Jason Villa
Wild Of Indonesia ; Komodo Dragons attacking a Javan Rusa on the beach
Wild Of Indonesia ; Komodo Dragons attacking a Javan Rusa on the beach
Published: 2017/02/04
Channel: Irwan Irawan
Javan Rusa
Javan Rusa
Published: 2013/07/21
Channel: xGrumpy Catz
Rare Javan Rusa Deer Seized From Indonesian Businessman
Rare Javan Rusa Deer Seized From Indonesian Businessman's Home
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: BeritaSatu World
Aaron Davidson with Kingham Safaris in Australia on a Rusa Deer Hunt
Aaron Davidson with Kingham Safaris in Australia on a Rusa Deer Hunt
Published: 2013/08/06
Channel: Gunwerks
Javan Rusa and Green peafowl dance combination
Javan Rusa and Green peafowl dance combination
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: lrwan lravan
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 56
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 56
Published: 2016/02/02
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa Deer in New Caledonia part 57
Hunting Rusa Deer in New Caledonia part 57
Published: 2016/03/03
Channel: waikarimoana
Monster Rusa stag
Monster Rusa stag
Published: 2017/01/07
Channel: sikahunting
Rusa Deer Hunting
Rusa Deer Hunting
Published: 2013/03/18
Channel: Guillaume Sauzier
DEER TIMOR - Javan Rusa Timor - Wild Life Animal Planet [HD]
DEER TIMOR - Javan Rusa Timor - Wild Life Animal Planet [HD]
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: sri wisnu
Hunting Rusa Deer New Caledonia(place For Rent)
Hunting Rusa Deer New Caledonia(place For Rent)
Published: 2016/08/23
Channel: Craig Henriot
RUSA DEER HUNTING
RUSA DEER HUNTING
Published: 2013/10/07
Channel: Guillaume Sauzier
Rusa Stag NSW Australia
Rusa Stag NSW Australia
Published: 2010/11/15
Channel: Michael Gibson
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia Part 1
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia Part 1
Published: 2011/09/28
Channel: waikarimoana
RIFLE HUNTING ABNORMAL RUSA DEER
RIFLE HUNTING ABNORMAL RUSA DEER
Published: 2014/06/26
Channel: Ricardo Frugoli
Rusa Hunting in New Caledonia
Rusa Hunting in New Caledonia
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Jeremy Hanaray
Javan Russa - Rusa timorensis
Javan Russa - Rusa timorensis
Published: 2014/05/06
Channel: irwan irawan
Rusa hunting HavagoAustralia.
Rusa hunting HavagoAustralia.
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: Debbie Dieckmann
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 44 (deadly spine shot)
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 44 (deadly spine shot)
Published: 2012/08/24
Channel: waikarimoana
NSW rusa deer hunt
NSW rusa deer hunt
Published: 2016/09/02
Channel: Hunting & Hunted
Rusa Deer Rut Illawarra 2016
Rusa Deer Rut Illawarra 2016
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Stack Images
rusa deer.
rusa deer.
Published: 2012/06/15
Channel: shezadbhugeloo
Rusa Deer (No Hunting Footage)
Rusa Deer (No Hunting Footage)
Published: 2014/02/09
Channel: Walid Sawan
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 27(Trophy and meat hunt)
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 27(Trophy and meat hunt)
Published: 2014/01/24
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in the roar in New Caledonia part 4( 436 meters shot)
Hunting Rusa deer in the roar in New Caledonia part 4( 436 meters shot)
Published: 2011/10/28
Channel: waikarimoana
Head and neck shots # 7 Rusa deer New Zealand {Must watch}
Head and neck shots # 7 Rusa deer New Zealand {Must watch}
Published: 2009/02/04
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 42
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 42
Published: 2012/04/12
Channel: waikarimoana
Rusa Stag with herd
Rusa Stag with herd
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: Thomas Hooker
Hunting Rusa Deer - Flehmen Response
Hunting Rusa Deer - Flehmen Response
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: Deer Hunter
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 24
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 24
Published: 2011/02/07
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 25
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 25
Published: 2011/06/03
Channel: waikarimoana
rusa deer trophies 2011
rusa deer trophies 2011
Published: 2013/07/23
Channel: Rusaguide
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 38
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 38
Published: 2013/11/19
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 14(17 meters neck shot)
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 14(17 meters neck shot)
Published: 2010/07/09
Channel: waikarimoana
rusa deer hunting new caledonia 2012
rusa deer hunting new caledonia 2012
Published: 2012/09/22
Channel: adrien BUNOUF
Hunting Rusa deer in the roar in New Caledonia part 50(Hunting the roar)
Hunting Rusa deer in the roar in New Caledonia part 50(Hunting the roar)
Published: 2012/11/07
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 46 (Hunting in the roar)
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 46 (Hunting in the roar)
Published: 2012/09/05
Channel: waikarimoana
Rusa deer fawn in Mauritius
Rusa deer fawn in Mauritius
Published: 2012/06/27
Channel: zoive81
Rusa Deer Stag
Rusa Deer Stag
Published: 2011/05/16
Channel: aussiedeerhunter
RUSA DEER - Kijang Rusa Totol - Wild Life Animal Planet [HD]
RUSA DEER - Kijang Rusa Totol - Wild Life Animal Planet [HD]
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: sri wisnu
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 21{Educational}
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 21{Educational}
Published: 2010/12/25
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 36
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 36
Published: 2012/01/30
Channel: waikarimoana
The Sambar Deer | Rusa unicolor
The Sambar Deer | Rusa unicolor
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: Media Space
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 53(Trophy Rusa hunt)
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 53(Trophy Rusa hunt)
Published: 2015/12/08
Channel: waikarimoana
Rusa deer
Rusa deer
Published: 2013/03/09
Channel: Guillaume Sauzier
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 31
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 31
Published: 2011/09/12
Channel: waikarimoana
Deer hunter.. Rusa
Deer hunter.. Rusa
Published: 2016/08/24
Channel: SHAP RAP MAGNUN
Free Range Rusa Hunting
Free Range Rusa Hunting
Published: 2010/08/14
Channel: Wilderness Trophy Hunting, Marcus Pinney
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Javan rusa[1]
Rusa timorensis at Mangunan Orchard, Dlingo, Bantul, Yogyakarta 01.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Genus: Rusa
Species: R. timorensis
Binomial name
Rusa timorensis
(de Blainville, 1822)
Rusa timorensis natural range-map.png
Present distribution within the native range, including possible ancient introductions

The Javan rusa or Sunda sambar (Rusa timorensis) is a deer native to the islands of Indonesia and East Timor. Introduced populations exist in a wide variety of locations in the southern hemisphere.

Subspecies[edit]

Javan rusa featured in 500-rupiah banknote.

Seven subspecies of the Javan rusa are recognised:[1]

  • R. t. timorensis (Timor rusa deer) – Timor.
  • R. t. djongaMuna and Butung Islands.
  • R. t. floresiensis (Flores rusa deer) – Flores and other islands.
  • R. t. macassaricus (Celebes rusa deer) – Celebes.
  • R. t. moluccensis (Moluccan rusa deer) – Molucca Islands.
  • R. t. renschiBali.
  • R. t. russa (Javan rusa deer) – Java.


Description[edit]

Rusa deer are distinguished by their large ears, the light tufts of hair above the eyebrows, and antlers that appear large relative to the body size. The antlers are lyre-shaped and three-tined.[3] Males are bigger than females; head-to-body length varies from 142 to 185 cm (4.66 to 6.07 ft), with a 20 cm (7.9 in) tail.[4] Males weigh 152-160 kg, female about 74 kg. The pelage is grayish-brown and often appears coarse.[3] Unlike most other deer species, newborn fawn do not bear spots.[4]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Javan rusa natively occurs on the islands of Java, Bali and Timor in Indonesia. It has been introduced to Irian Jaya, Borneo (Kalimantan), the Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku, Sulawesi, Pohnpei, Fiji, Tonga, Samoa, Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands, the Christmas Islands, the Cocos Islands, Nauru, Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, New Britain and New Ireland.[2][5]

Its habitat prefernces are similar to that of the Chital of India: open dry and mixed deciduous forests, parklands, and savannas. Rusa deer have established populations in remote islands, probably brought there by Indonesian fishermen. They adapt well, living as comfortably in the dry Australian bush as they do in their tropical homelands. This trait is shown well in the more frequent encounters on the fringes of Wollongong and Sydney, and in particular in the Royal National Park, indicating steadily growing numbers and strong herds.[citation needed]

Ecology[edit]

Herd of rusa deer at the Baluran National Park

Rusa deer are active mostly in the early morning and late afternoon. They are rarely seen in the open and are very difficult to approach due to their keen senses and cautious instincts.[citation needed]

The species is very sociable, and individuals are rarely found alone. When alarmed, a rusa stag lets out an extremely loud honk. This is an alarm call and will alert any other deer in the vicinity.[citation needed]

As with other deer species, Javan rusa mainly feed on grass, leaves, and fallen fruit. They don't drink water, deriving all required fluid from their food.[3][4]

The main predators of the species include the Javan leopard, the dhole, crocodiles, pythons, and the Komodo dragon.[3][4]

Reproduction[edit]

The Javan rusa mates around July and August, when stags contest by calling in a loud shrill bark and duelling with the antlers. The doe gives birth to 1-2 calves after a gestation period of 8 months, at the start of spring. Calves are weaned at 6-8 months, and sexual maturity is attained at 3-5 years, depending on habitat conditions. Javan rusa live 15-20 years both in the wild and in captivity.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Grubb, P. (2005). "Rusa timorensis". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 670. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ a b Hedges, S.; Duckworth, J.W.; Timmins, R.J.; Semiadi, G. & Priyono, A. (2008). "Rusa timorensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 9 April 2009.  Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of vulnerable.
  3. ^ a b c d e Reyes, E. "Rusa timorensis". University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Animal Diversity Web. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Reyes, E. "Rusa, Sunda sambar". Ultimate Ungulate. 
  5. ^ Long, JL (2003). Introduced Mammals of the World: Their History, Distribution and Influence. Cabi Publishing. ISBN 9780851997483. 

External links[edit]

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