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Javan Rusa
Javan Rusa
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Mark Jason Villa
Wild Of Indonesia ; Komodo Dragons attacking a Javan Rusa on the beach
Wild Of Indonesia ; Komodo Dragons attacking a Javan Rusa on the beach
Published: 2017/02/04
Channel: Irwan Irawan
Moluccan Rusa Deer Hunting Australia 2016
Moluccan Rusa Deer Hunting Australia 2016
Published: 2016/07/17
Channel: AussieJohn
The Chronicles of Javan Rusa
The Chronicles of Javan Rusa
Published: 2016/08/14
Channel: Fatih Nasrulloh
Javan Rusa Deer - Rusa timorensis
Javan Rusa Deer - Rusa timorensis
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: Animal Kingdom
Javan Rusa
Javan Rusa
Published: 2013/07/21
Channel: xGrumpy Catz
Rare Javan Rusa Deer Seized From Indonesian Businessman
Rare Javan Rusa Deer Seized From Indonesian Businessman's Home
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: BeritaSatu World
Javan rusa videos, photos and facts - Rusa timorensis
Javan rusa videos, photos and facts - Rusa timorensis
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: Animal Kingdom
DEER TIMOR - Javan Rusa Timor - Wild Life Animal Planet [HD]
DEER TIMOR - Javan Rusa Timor - Wild Life Animal Planet [HD]
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: sri wisnu
Mike Davidson Marble Island Australia Rusa Deer Hunt
Mike Davidson Marble Island Australia Rusa Deer Hunt
Published: 2013/08/06
Channel: Gunwerks
Wild of Indonesia : Javan Rusa and Green peafowl dance combination
Wild of Indonesia : Javan Rusa and Green peafowl dance combination
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: Irwan Irawan
Rusa deer
Rusa deer
Published: 2013/03/09
Channel: Guillaume Sauzier
Aaron Davidson with Kingham Safaris in Australia on a Rusa Deer Hunt
Aaron Davidson with Kingham Safaris in Australia on a Rusa Deer Hunt
Published: 2013/08/06
Channel: Gunwerks
Rusa Deer Hunting
Rusa Deer Hunting
Published: 2013/03/18
Channel: Guillaume Sauzier
Monster Rusa stag
Monster Rusa stag
Published: 2017/01/07
Channel: sikahunting
rusa deer trophies 2011
rusa deer trophies 2011
Published: 2013/07/23
Channel: Rusaguide
Melissa & Arie @TASIKOKI with JAVAN RUSA!
Melissa & Arie @TASIKOKI with JAVAN RUSA!
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: -Arie & Melissa- Notes On How To Save Your Cat
Javan Russa - Rusa timorensis
Javan Russa - Rusa timorensis
Published: 2014/05/06
Channel: irwan irawan
Rusa Deer Rut Illawarra 2016
Rusa Deer Rut Illawarra 2016
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Stack Images
Head and neck shots # 7 Rusa deer New Zealand {Must watch}
Head and neck shots # 7 Rusa deer New Zealand {Must watch}
Published: 2009/02/04
Channel: waikarimoana
Rusa stags of North Queensland - Part 1
Rusa stags of North Queensland - Part 1
Published: 2012/01/03
Channel: AHC270
Rusa stags Bowshot fighting
Rusa stags Bowshot fighting
Published: 2011/08/20
Channel: MrBeartheoriginal
NSW rusa deer hunt
NSW rusa deer hunt
Published: 2016/09/02
Channel: Hunting & Hunted
Rusa hunting HavagoAustralia.
Rusa hunting HavagoAustralia.
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: Debbie Dieckmann
Rusa Deer Stag
Rusa Deer Stag
Published: 2011/05/16
Channel: aussiedeerhunter
Fallow Rusa Deer Mixed Breed
Fallow Rusa Deer Mixed Breed
Published: 2014/02/09
Channel: Walid Sawan
Hunting Rusa Deer in New Caledonia part 57
Hunting Rusa Deer in New Caledonia part 57
Published: 2016/03/03
Channel: waikarimoana
Rusa Deer Hunting in Australia
Rusa Deer Hunting in Australia
Published: 2011/06/25
Channel: markdaddow
Rusa Hunting in New Caledonia
Rusa Hunting in New Caledonia
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Jeremy Hanaray
Hunting trophy Rusa deer in the roar, In New Caledonia part 54(Must watch)
Hunting trophy Rusa deer in the roar, In New Caledonia part 54(Must watch)
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: waikarimoana
RIFLE HUNTING ABNORMAL RUSA DEER
RIFLE HUNTING ABNORMAL RUSA DEER
Published: 2014/06/26
Channel: Ricardo Frugoli
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 21{Educational}
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 21{Educational}
Published: 2010/12/25
Channel: waikarimoana
RUSA DEER IN THE RUT:Belle New Caledonia Safaris
RUSA DEER IN THE RUT:Belle New Caledonia Safaris
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Cranston N Chaz Walker
The Sambar Deer | Rusa unicolor
The Sambar Deer | Rusa unicolor
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: Media Space
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 8
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 8
Published: 2011/10/13
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 14(17 meters neck shot)
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 14(17 meters neck shot)
Published: 2010/07/09
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 25
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 25
Published: 2011/06/03
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 39.
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 39.
Published: 2012/02/26
Channel: waikarimoana
rusa timor ku
rusa timor ku
Published: 2016/09/18
Channel: iwan sunaryo
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 48(Hunting in the roar)
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 48(Hunting in the roar)
Published: 2012/09/16
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 42
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 42
Published: 2012/04/12
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 44 (deadly spine shot)
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 44 (deadly spine shot)
Published: 2012/08/24
Channel: waikarimoana
rusa deer hunting new caledonia 2012
rusa deer hunting new caledonia 2012
Published: 2012/09/22
Channel: adrien BUNOUF
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 46 (Hunting in the roar)
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 46 (Hunting in the roar)
Published: 2012/09/05
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 11( A long neck shot)
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 11( A long neck shot)
Published: 2011/10/10
Channel: waikarimoana
Rusa deer Afternoon Feed
Rusa deer Afternoon Feed
Published: 2015/10/16
Channel: Deer Hunter
Rusa Stag NSW Australia
Rusa Stag NSW Australia
Published: 2010/11/15
Channel: Michael Gibson
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 47(Roaring stags)
Hunting Rusa deer in New Caledonia part 47(Roaring stags)
Published: 2012/09/06
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in the roar inNew Caledonia Part 2( Top Neck shot)
Hunting Rusa deer in the roar inNew Caledonia Part 2( Top Neck shot)
Published: 2009/12/16
Channel: waikarimoana
Hunting Rusa deer in the roar in New Caledonia part 28
Hunting Rusa deer in the roar in New Caledonia part 28
Published: 2011/09/03
Channel: waikarimoana
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Javan rusa[1]
Rusa timorensis at Mangunan Orchard, Dlingo, Bantul, Yogyakarta 01.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Genus: Rusa
Species: R. timorensis
Binomial name
Rusa timorensis
(de Blainville, 1822)
Rusa timorensis natural range-map.png
Present distribution within the native range, including possible ancient introductions

The Javan rusa or Sunda sambar (Rusa timorensis) is a deer native to the islands of Indonesia and East Timor. Introduced populations exist in a wide variety of locations in the Southern Hemisphere.

Subspecies[edit]

The Javan rusa is featured on the 500-rupiah banknote.

Seven subspecies of the Javan rusa are recognised:[1]

  • R. t. timorensis (Timor rusa deer) – Timor.
  • R. t. djongaMuna and Butung Islands.
  • R. t. floresiensis (Flores rusa deer) – Flores and other islands.
  • R. t. macassaricus (Celebes rusa deer) – Celebes.
  • R. t. moluccensis (Moluccan rusa deer) – Molucca Islands.
  • R. t. renschiBali.
  • R. t. russa (Javan rusa deer) – Java.


Description[edit]

Rusa deer are distinguished by their large ears, the light tufts of hair above the eyebrows, and antlers that appear large relative to the body size. The antlers are lyre-shaped and three-tined.[3] Males are bigger than females; head-to-body length varies from 142 to 185 cm (4.66 to 6.07 ft), with a 20 cm (7.9 in) tail.[4] Males weigh 152-160 kg, female about 74 kg. The pelage is grayish-brown and often appears coarse.[3] Unlike most other deer species, newborn fawns do not bear spots.[4]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Javan rusa natively occurs on the islands of Java, Bali, and Timor in Indonesia. It has been introduced to Irian Jaya, Borneo (Kalimantan), the Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku, Sulawesi, Pohnpei, Fiji, Tonga, Samoa, Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands, the Christmas Islands, the Cocos Islands, Nauru, Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, New Britain, and New Ireland.[2][5]

Its habitat prefernces are similar to that of the chital of India: open dry and mixed deciduous forests, parklands, and savannas. Rusa deer have established populations in remote islands, probably brought there by Indonesian fishermen. They adapt well, living as comfortably in the dry Australian bush as they do in their tropical homelands. This trait is shown well in the more frequent encounters on the fringes of Wollongong and Sydney, and in particular in the Royal National Park, indicating steadily growing numbers and strong herds.[citation needed]

Ecology[edit]

Herd of rusa deer at the Baluran National Park

Rusa deer are active mostly in the early morning and late afternoon. They are rarely seen in the open and are very difficult to approach due to their keen senses and cautious instincts.[citation needed]

The species is very sociable, and individuals are rarely found alone. When alarmed, a rusa stag lets out an extremely loud honk. This is an alarm call and alerts any other deer in the vicinity.[citation needed]

As with other deer species, Javan rusa mainly feed on grass, leaves, and fallen fruit. They do not drink water, deriving all required fluid from their food.[3][4]

The main predators of the species include the Javan leopard, the dhole, crocodiles, pythons, and the Komodo dragon.[3][4]

Reproduction[edit]

The Javan rusa mates around July and August, when stags contest by calling in a loud, shrill bark and duelling with the antlers. The doe gives birth to one or two calves after a gestation period of 8 months, at the start of spring. Calves are weaned at 6-8 months, and sexual maturity is attained at 3-5 years, depending on habitat conditions. Javan rusas live 15-20 years both in the wild and in captivity.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Grubb, P. (2005). "Rusa timorensis". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 670. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ a b Hedges, S.; Duckworth, J.W.; Timmins, R.J.; Semiadi, G. & Priyono, A. (2008). "Rusa timorensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 9 April 2009.  Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of vulnerable.
  3. ^ a b c d e Reyes, E. "Rusa timorensis". University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Animal Diversity Web. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Reyes, E. "Rusa, Sunda sambar". Ultimate Ungulate. 
  5. ^ Long, JL (2003). Introduced Mammals of the World: Their History, Distribution and Influence. Cabi Publishing. ISBN 9780851997483. 

External links[edit]

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