Play Video
1
EU Rules Out Russia Energy Sanctions: Gazprom head Miller in Berlin for energy talks on 19 May
EU Rules Out Russia Energy Sanctions: Gazprom head Miller in Berlin for energy talks on 19 May
::2014/05/17::
Play Video
2
EU-Russia energy and trade ties block sanctions - economy
EU-Russia energy and trade ties block sanctions - economy
::2014/05/28::
Play Video
3
Pres. Obama talks Russian sanctions with European leaders
Pres. Obama talks Russian sanctions with European leaders
::2014/04/25::
Play Video
4
Obama: Energy Diversification Needed In Europe
Obama: Energy Diversification Needed In Europe
::2014/03/26::
Play Video
5
EU - USA Summit : Obama, Van Rompuy, and Barroso press conference (recorded live feed)
EU - USA Summit : Obama, Van Rompuy, and Barroso press conference (recorded live feed)
::2014/03/26::
Play Video
6
Energy diversification needed in Europe
Energy diversification needed in Europe
::2014/06/03::
Play Video
7
Ukraine War 2014 : Ukraine and The Threat to Russia and Europe
Ukraine War 2014 : Ukraine and The Threat to Russia and Europe
::2014/06/29::
Play Video
8
The Monarchy: David Cameron warns of energy, trade bans on Russia
The Monarchy: David Cameron warns of energy, trade bans on Russia
::2014/04/04::
Play Video
9
Russia Challenges EU Energy Market Rules
Russia Challenges EU Energy Market Rules
::2014/05/01::
Play Video
10
Global Journalist Radio: Gas politics in Eastern Europe
Global Journalist Radio: Gas politics in Eastern Europe
::2014/05/02::
Play Video
11
European Union To Expand Sanctions On Russia.
European Union To Expand Sanctions On Russia.
::2014/07/22::
Play Video
12
EU Urges Russia, Ukraine to Settle Energy Dispute
EU Urges Russia, Ukraine to Settle Energy Dispute
::2014/05/03::
Play Video
13
Obama: EU-US united in isolating Russia
Obama: EU-US united in isolating Russia
::2014/04/12::
Play Video
14
Clashes in Ukraine, while it looks to Europe for gas supplies
Clashes in Ukraine, while it looks to Europe for gas supplies
::2014/04/11::
Play Video
15
European Union
European Union's Common Security and Defence Policy
::2010/05/23::
Play Video
16
Ukraine 2014: "Right sector" will leave Europe without Russian gas! : An objective look
Ukraine 2014: "Right sector" will leave Europe without Russian gas! : An objective look
::2014/03/23::
Play Video
17
Obama says Russia
Obama says Russia 'miscalculated' EU, US reaction over Ukraine
::2014/05/16::
Play Video
18
Obama warns Russia on Ukraine: "Next step" is sector-wide sanctions
Obama warns Russia on Ukraine: "Next step" is sector-wide sanctions
::2014/05/06::
Play Video
19
EU, Russia, Ukraine fail to reach gas deal
EU, Russia, Ukraine fail to reach gas deal
::2014/06/10::
Play Video
20
Harf. On Sanction Strategy (Ukraine) 24 June 2014
Harf. On Sanction Strategy (Ukraine) 24 June 2014
::2014/06/25::
Play Video
21
"US
"US' BOGUS PLAN" TO FIX "EUROPE STAGED ENERGY CRISIS"!
::2014/03/17::
Play Video
22
Belgium: Ukraine situation has no effect on European gas supply - EC Commissioner for Energy
Belgium: Ukraine situation has no effect on European gas supply - EC Commissioner for Energy
::2014/03/05::
Play Video
23
Soviet - West German Gas Pipeline | 1970 Documentary on the Soviet Union - West Germany Relations
Soviet - West German Gas Pipeline | 1970 Documentary on the Soviet Union - West Germany Relations
::2014/04/29::
Play Video
24
West Readies Package Of Sector Sanctions On Russia
West Readies Package Of Sector Sanctions On Russia
::2014/06/24::
Play Video
25
Putin arrives to sign energy deals in Baku
Putin arrives to sign energy deals in Baku
::2013/08/13::
Play Video
26
Russia and Hungary Sign Nuclear Power Agreement
Russia and Hungary Sign Nuclear Power Agreement
::2014/01/15::
Play Video
27
EU seeks wider access to sustainable energy, calls on private sector
EU seeks wider access to sustainable energy, calls on private sector
::2012/04/16::
Play Video
28
EU moves cautiously to raise pressure on Russia over Ukraine
EU moves cautiously to raise pressure on Russia over Ukraine
::2014/05/12::
Play Video
29
Putin says sanction could hit Western companies active in Russia
Putin says sanction could hit Western companies active in Russia
::2014/04/30::
Play Video
30
Germany: Ukraine-EU-Russia gas talks underway in Berlin
Germany: Ukraine-EU-Russia gas talks underway in Berlin
::2014/05/26::
Play Video
31
West Readies Package Of Sector Sanctions On Russia
West Readies Package Of Sector Sanctions On Russia
::2014/06/24::
Play Video
32
Varying European Priorities in Ukraine with Ralf Fücks
Varying European Priorities in Ukraine with Ralf Fücks
::2014/05/29::
Play Video
33
Ukraines Right Sector leader threatens to blow up pipeline from Russia to EU
Ukraines Right Sector leader threatens to blow up pipeline from Russia to EU
::2014/03/17::
Play Video
34
Germany:
Germany: 'Germany is partner number one' - Gazprom's Miller
::2014/03/15::
Play Video
35
'Energy Security in Central Europe' conference
::2013/06/24::
Play Video
36
LIVE Russia, Ukraine and EU to continue gas talks
LIVE Russia, Ukraine and EU to continue gas talks
::2014/05/30::
Play Video
37
Bulgarian Socialists face fourth no-confidence vote
Bulgarian Socialists face fourth no-confidence vote
::2014/05/16::
Play Video
38
LIVE Russia, Ukraine and EU meet in Berlin for gas talks
LIVE Russia, Ukraine and EU meet in Berlin for gas talks
::2014/05/26::
Play Video
39
Greening the EU Energy Roadmap 2050
Greening the EU Energy Roadmap 2050
::2011/09/23::
Play Video
40
US, EU to expand Russian sanctions
US, EU to expand Russian sanctions
::2014/07/17::
Play Video
41
Bulgarian Socialists face fourth no-confidence vote
Bulgarian Socialists face fourth no-confidence vote
::2014/05/16::
Play Video
42
EFD Group in Sofia - EU Funds / The crisis of the Bulgarian energy sector
EFD Group in Sofia - EU Funds / The crisis of the Bulgarian energy sector
::2013/06/10::
Play Video
43
Russia, China pledge closer ties as joint military drills begin
Russia, China pledge closer ties as joint military drills begin
::2014/05/22::
Play Video
44
Justin Dargin: Shale Gas and the EU (Russian)
Justin Dargin: Shale Gas and the EU (Russian)
::2011/10/24::
Play Video
45
Europe Commits to Renewable Energy
Europe Commits to Renewable Energy
::2012/02/27::
Play Video
46
Energy Sector Report: Gazprom Seen Cutting Gas Output on Weak European Demand
Energy Sector Report: Gazprom Seen Cutting Gas Output on Weak European Demand
::2010/06/18::
Play Video
47
Bulgarian Socialists face fourth no-confidence vote
Bulgarian Socialists face fourth no-confidence vote
::2014/05/16::
Play Video
48
Ukraine wants to buy European gas to boost energy security - 11 April
Ukraine wants to buy European gas to boost energy security - 11 April
::2014/04/11::
Play Video
49
Tatiana Mitrova. Global Energy Trends. Russia
Tatiana Mitrova. Global Energy Trends. Russia's Gas.
::2014/02/10::
Play Video
50
EU concerned about elections as Russia pledges euro support
EU concerned about elections as Russia pledges euro support
::2011/12/15::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Russian Federation supplies a significant volume of fossil fuels and is the largest exporter of oil and natural gas to the European Union. In 2007, the European Union imported from Russia 185 million tonnes of crude oil, which accounted for 32.6% of total oil import, and 100.7 million tonnes of oil equivalent of natural gas, which accounted 38.7% of total gas import.[1]

The Urengoy–Pomary–Uzhgorod pipeline was constructed in 1982–1984 with Western financing to provide Soviet gas to the Western European market.[citation needed]

The Russian state-owned company Gazprom exports natural gas to Europe. It also controls a large number of subsidiaries, including various infrastructure assets. According to the study published by the Research Centre for East European Studies, the liberalization of the EU gas market has driven Gazprom's expansion in Europe by increasing its share in the European downstream market. It has established sale subsidiaries in many of its export markets, and has also invested in access to industrial and power generation sectors in Western and Central Europe. In addition, Gazprom has established joint ventures to build natural gas pipelines and storage depots in a number of European countries.[2] Transneft, a Russian state-owned company responsible for the national oil pipelines, is another Russian company supplying energy to Europe.[citation needed]

History[edit]

In the early 1980s there were American efforts, led by the Reagan administration, to convince European countries through which a proposed Soviet gas pipeline was to be built to deny firms responsible for construction the ability to purchase supplies and parts for the pipeline and associated facilities. The pipeline was built despite these protests and the rise of large Russian gas firms such as Gazprom as well as increased Russian fossil fuel production has facilitated a large expansion in the quantity of gas supplied to the European market since the 1990s.

Natural gas deliveries[edit]

In 2007, 38.7% of the European Union's natural gas total imports and 24.3% of consumed natural gas originated from Russia.[1][3] As of 2009, Russian natural gas was delivered to Europe through 12 pipelines, of which three were direct pipelines (to Finland, Estonia and Latvia), four through Belarus (to Lithuania and Poland) and five through Ukraine (to Slovakia, Romania, Hungary and Poland).[3] In 2011, an additional pipeline, Nord Stream (directly to Germany through the Baltic Sea), opened.[4]

The largest importers of Russian gas in the European Union are Germany and Italy, accounting together for almost half of the EU gas imports from Russia. Other larger Russian gas importers (over 5 billion cubic meter per year) in the European Union are France, Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, Austria and Slovakia.[5][6] The largest non-EU importers of Russian natural gas are Ukraine, Turkey and Belarus.[5]

According to the European Commission, the share of Russian natural gas in the member states' domestic gas consumption in 2007 was the following:[3]

  •  Estonia 100%
  •  Finland 100%
  •  Latvia 100%
  •  Lithuania 100%
  •  Slovakia 98%
  •  Bulgaria 92%
  •  Czech Republic 77.6%
  •  Greece 76%
  •  Hungary 60%
  •  Slovenia 52%
  •  Austria 49%
  •  Poland 48.15%
  •  Croatia 37%
  •  Germany 36%
  •  Italy 27%
  •  Romania 27%
  •  France 14%
  •  Belgium 5%

The shares of Russian natural gas in the domestic gas consumption in non-EU countries in Europe were in 2006:[5]

  •  Republic of Macedonia 100%
  •  Belarus 98%
  •  Serbia,  Montenegro 87%
  •  Ukraine 66%
  •  Turkey 64%
  •   Switzerland 12%

At the same time, the variety of national policies and stances of larger exporters versus larger dependents of Russian gas, together with the segmentation of the European gas market, has become a prominent issue in European politics toward Russia, with significant geopolitical implications for economic and political ties between the EU and Russia. These ties have occasionally led to calls for greater European energy diversity, although such efforts are complicated by the fact that many European customers have long term legal contracts for gas deliveries despite the disputes, most of which stretch beyond 2025–2030.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Energy Dialogue EU–Russia. The Tenth Progress Report. (PDF). European Commission. November 2009. pp. 4–6. Retrieved 24 January 2010. 
  2. ^ Koszalin, Andreas Heinrich (5 February 2008). "Gazprom's Expansion Strategy in Europe and the Liberalization of EU Energy Markets" (PDF). Russian Analytical Digest (Research Centre for East European Studies) (34 Russian Business Expansion). Retrieved 23 February 2008. 
  3. ^ a b c Commission staff working document–Accompanying document to the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning measures to safeguard security of gas supply and repealing Directive 2004/67/EC. Assessment report of directive 2004/67/EC on security of gas supply {COM(2009) 363} (PDF). European Commission. 16 July 2009. pp. 33; 56; 63–76. Retrieved 30 January 2010. 
  4. ^ Juergen Baetz (8 November 2011). "Merkel, Medvedev inaugurate new gas pipeline". Associated Press. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c Country analysis briefs: Russia (PDF). Energy Information Administration. May 2008. p. 11. Retrieved 30 January 2010. 
  6. ^ Noël, Pierre (May 2009). A Market Between Us: Reducing the Political Cost of Europe's Dependence on Russian Gas (PDF). EPRG Working Paper Series. University of Cambridge Electricity Policy Research Group. p. 2; 38. EPRG0916. Retrieved 30 January 2010. 
  7. ^ Pirani, Simon; Yafimova, Katja (February 2009). The Russo-Ukrainian gas dispute of January 2009: a comprehensive assessment (PDF). NG 27. Oxford Institute for Energy Studies. p. 59. ISBN 978-1-901795-85-1. Retrieved 13 October 2009. 
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014