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Walkthrough of Russian Fort Elizabeth in 2016
Walkthrough of Russian Fort Elizabeth in 2016
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: Mike M
The Russian Fort Elizabeth
The Russian Fort Elizabeth
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: John Ancheta
ImpulseRc Alien 5"  Waimea, Kauai.. Russian Fort Elizabeth
ImpulseRc Alien 5" Waimea, Kauai.. Russian Fort Elizabeth
Published: 2016/03/22
Channel: Jason Gilroy Bohica FPV
The "Russian Fort" & the Waimea River Bridge on Kauai (December 9, 2016)
The "Russian Fort" & the Waimea River Bridge on Kauai (December 9, 2016)
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: midway512
Russian fort in Kauai Hawaii
Russian fort in Kauai Hawaii
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: Victor Mikhaylov
Boots and Saddles by Elizabeth Bacon Custer
Boots and Saddles by Elizabeth Bacon Custer
Published: 2015/01/10
Channel: LibriVox - Audiobooks
61 INCREDIBLY RARE HISTORICAL PHOTOS THAT WILL LEAVE YOU SPEECHLESS
61 INCREDIBLY RARE HISTORICAL PHOTOS THAT WILL LEAVE YOU SPEECHLESS
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: Perfect Life
How Russian Empire tried to colonize Hawaii
How Russian Empire tried to colonize Hawaii
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: History Class
Russian Fort   HI
Russian Fort HI
Published: 2012/07/31
Channel: conrad nivens
Queen Elizabeth
Queen Elizabeth's Latest Health Concerns
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: ABC News
Fort Elizabeth Intro Video (FortElizabeth.org)
Fort Elizabeth Intro Video (FortElizabeth.org)
Published: 2014/06/25
Channel: Alexander Molodin
Гавайи, Кауаи - день 1. Ваймеа каньон. Форт Елизаветы. Джеймс Кук. Polihale State Park.
Гавайи, Кауаи - день 1. Ваймеа каньон. Форт Елизаветы. Джеймс Кук. Polihale State Park.
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: megaroadtrip241
Commemoration of the 200th anniversary  of the Fort Elizabeth
Commemoration of the 200th anniversary of the Fort Elizabeth
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: Alexander Molodin
Boca built a Russian Fort
Boca built a Russian Fort
Published: 2008/05/23
Channel: Larissa Belikow
Looking at Waimea Landing from the Russian Fort
Looking at Waimea Landing from the Russian Fort
Published: 2014/08/02
Channel: John Yamane
The Russian Fort
The Russian Fort
Published: 2009/01/16
Channel: misterflicker
Fort Elizabeth bird view (fortelizabeth.org)
Fort Elizabeth bird view (fortelizabeth.org)
Published: 2014/06/23
Channel: Alexander Molodin
Kauai Old Kokee town real old Russian Fort Home Town USA
Kauai Old Kokee town real old Russian Fort Home Town USA
Published: 2014/09/15
Channel: jusride7
What do Russians think about Putin?
What do Russians think about Putin?
Published: 2016/04/27
Channel: Inessa S
Fort Elizabeth
Fort Elizabeth
Published: 2012/08/09
Channel: Jodie Jago
Old Russian Fort Built near Waimea Kauai in 1812 or so. It sits at the delta of the Waimea canyon
Old Russian Fort Built near Waimea Kauai in 1812 or so. It sits at the delta of the Waimea canyon
Published: 2013/11/23
Channel: J. Austin
131220 1001 Russian Fort Journey and Message 1
131220 1001 Russian Fort Journey and Message 1
Published: 2013/12/20
Channel: kauilapele
Enter to Fort Elizabeth video (www.fortelizabeth.org)
Enter to Fort Elizabeth video (www.fortelizabeth.org)
Published: 2014/06/30
Channel: Alexander Molodin
Fort Elizabeth inside veiw (fortelizabeth.org)
Fort Elizabeth inside veiw (fortelizabeth.org)
Published: 2014/06/23
Channel: Alexander Molodin
Fort Elizabeth Highest Point
Fort Elizabeth Highest Point
Published: 2014/09/21
Channel: E4GLE W4RR10R
Waimea "red water", Russian Fort, Waimea Canyon & Kōkeʻe State Park, Kauaʻi, Hawaii
Waimea "red water", Russian Fort, Waimea Canyon & Kōkeʻe State Park, Kauaʻi, Hawaii
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: farhad4art
61 HISTORICAL PHOTOS WILL LEAVE YOU INTRIGUED
61 HISTORICAL PHOTOS WILL LEAVE YOU INTRIGUED
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: Perfect Life
The British Army try to attack a Russian Fort! ROBLOX Part 1
The British Army try to attack a Russian Fort! ROBLOX Part 1
Published: 2017/03/21
Channel: KillerdogGaming
WW2 Russian Fort Raid W/ Robroman Gaming
WW2 Russian Fort Raid W/ Robroman Gaming
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: Darth Zackary
russian fort attack (coarsairs magic storm V3)
russian fort attack (coarsairs magic storm V3)
Published: 2017/03/25
Channel: Demon of Chaos
Elizabeth Fort: Siege of Cork
Elizabeth Fort: Siege of Cork
Published: 2014/04/03
Channel: musiclea
My dad made me a fort (Elizabeth)
My dad made me a fort (Elizabeth)
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: Eric Treffiletti
Top 14. Tourist Attractions & Things to Do in Waimea, Hawaii
Top 14. Tourist Attractions & Things to Do in Waimea, Hawaii
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: UltramodernHome
Elizabeth Fort
Elizabeth Fort
Published: 2016/01/13
Channel: Partnership International
Kauai sunset
Kauai sunset
Published: 2016/06/04
Channel: Serene Bunch
Feeding Kauai chickens
Feeding Kauai chickens
Published: 2009/01/16
Channel: misterflicker
KAUAI | GoPro/DJi Mavic Pro - April 2017
KAUAI | GoPro/DJi Mavic Pro - April 2017
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: Ronald Moore
Elizabeth Fort
Elizabeth Fort
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: Cork Business Association
Elizabeth Fort Museum
Elizabeth Fort Museum
Published: 2014/04/10
Channel: musiclea
Waimea
Waimea
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: Glyde Media
Kaua‘i Island Tour - Part 04 - West Shore, Port Allen, Hanapepe, Waimea - Kaua‘i-TV
Kaua‘i Island Tour - Part 04 - West Shore, Port Allen, Hanapepe, Waimea - Kaua‘i-TV
Published: 2016/01/13
Channel: KauaiVisitorChannel
I WAS KIDNAPPED?! HELGA TAKEOVER! ft. David Dobrik | Lizzza
I WAS KIDNAPPED?! HELGA TAKEOVER! ft. David Dobrik | Lizzza
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: Liza Koshy
Elizabeth Fort
Elizabeth Fort
Published: 2014/01/08
Channel: Irish Examiner
The Demon Alien Attack on Fort Worth in 2011!
The Demon Alien Attack on Fort Worth in 2011!
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: Truth Warriors
Elizabeth Fort . Cork Ireland ☘️ GoPro 🇮🇪
Elizabeth Fort . Cork Ireland ☘️ GoPro 🇮🇪
Published: 2016/10/30
Channel: Kieron OConnor
Elizabeth Fort - Urban Interventions Cork
Elizabeth Fort - Urban Interventions Cork
Published: 2012/06/30
Channel: Rachel Yoder
Elizabeth Fort ;its me EVP
Elizabeth Fort ;its me EVP
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: Cork Supernatural Society
Kauai
Kauai
Published: 2016/03/30
Channel: David Jasso
Juggler Alexander Koblikov Performs
Juggler Alexander Koblikov Performs
Published: 2016/06/11
Channel: The Late Show with Stephen Colbert
Going through the Buffet - Norwegian Star Cruise Ship - St. Petersburg, Russia
Going through the Buffet - Norwegian Star Cruise Ship - St. Petersburg, Russia
Published: 2015/11/26
Channel: gatorpics09
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Russian Fort
Russian fort elizabeth.mh.jpg
Fort Elizabeth
Russian Fort Elizabeth is located in Hawaii
Russian Fort Elizabeth
Nearest city Waimea, Kauai County, Hawaii
Coordinates 21°57′6″N 159°39′51″W / 21.95167°N 159.66417°W / 21.95167; -159.66417Coordinates: 21°57′6″N 159°39′51″W / 21.95167°N 159.66417°W / 21.95167; -159.66417
Area 17.5 acres (7.1 ha)
Built 1817
Architect Dr. Georg Anton Schäffer
NRHP Reference # 66000299[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966
Designated NHL December 29, 1962[2]

Russian Fort Elizabeth is a National Historic Landmark and is administered as the Russian Fort Elizabeth State Historical Park just southeast of present-day Waimea on the island of Kauaʻi in Hawaiʻi.[3] It is located at the site of the former Fort Elizabety (Russian: Форт Елизаветы), the last remaining Russian fort on the Hawaiian islands, built in the early 19th century by the Russian-American Company as the result of an alliance with High Chief Kaumualiʻi.[2] The star fort was employed by the Kingdom of Hawaii in the 19th century under the name Fort Hipo (Hawaiian: Paʻulaʻula o Hipo).

History[edit]

Russian Fort Elizabeth as it was in 1817 on the island of Kauaʻi

In 1815, German physician Georg Anton Schäffer, an agent of the Russian-American Company, arrived in Hawaiʻi to retrieve goods seized by Kaumualiʻi, chief of Kauaʻi island.[4]:91–95 According to the Company instructions, Schäffer had to begin by establishing friendly relations with king Kamehameha I who had created a kingdom incorporating all the islands of Hawaiʻi and faced opposition from rebellious Kaumuali'i. Then, with or without Kamehameha's support, Schäffer had to recover the cost of lost merchandise from Kaumualiʻi.

Schäffer's medical expertise gained Kamehameha's respect but he denied the Russians any assistance against Kaumualiʻi. Schäffer was followed by two company ships, the Otkrytie and the Il'mena. He then sailed to Kauaʻi on his own. To his surprise, Kaumualiʻi eagerly signed a "treaty" granting Russian Tsar Alexander I of Russia a protectorate over Kauaʻi. Kaumualiʻi convinced Schäffer that the Russians could just as easily capture the whole archipelago. Schäffer promised that Tsar Alexander would help him to break free of Kamehameha's rule. Officially, Kaumualiʻi had pledged allegiance to Kamehameha in 1810. Kaumualiʻi probably never intended to give up power over the island; he thought he might reclaim his own kingdom with the help of Russia. Kaumualiʻi allowed Schäffer to build a fort near Waimea, named Fort or Fortress Elizabeth (Russian: Елизаветинская крепость, Elizavetinskaya Krepost’) in honor of the Empress of Russia at the time, Louise of Baden. Two others – Fortress Alexander (крепость Александра, Krepost’ Aleksandra) and Fort Barclay-de-Tolly (форт Барклая-де-Толли, Fort Barklaya-de-Tolli) – were named for the reigning emperor Alexander and his marshal Barclay-de-Tolly and constructed near Hanalei on Kauaʻi.

Fort Elizabeth was constructed in 1817 on the east bank of the Waimea River overlooking Waimea Bay. This fort was built in the shape of an irregular octagon, about 300 feet (91 m) to 450 feet (140 m) across, with walls 20 feet (6.1 m) high. It housed a small Russian Orthodox chapel, Hawaiʻi's first Orthodox Christian church. Fort Alexander built on Hanalei Bay also housed a small Orthodox chapel. When it was discovered that Schäffer did not have the backing of the Tsar, he was forced to leave Kauaʻi in the fall of 1817. Captain Alexander Adams replaced the Russian flag with the new Kingdom of Hawaii flag some time before October 1817. Russian Fort Elizabeth eventually came under the control of Kamehameha supporters.[5]

In 1820, the guns fired in salute as Kaumualiʻi's son, Prince George "Prince" Kaumualiʻi (also known as Humehume) arrived on the ship Thaddeus, after guiding American missionaries back to his home. Humehume tried to stage a rebellion in 1824 by attacking the fort. It was used as a base to capture him and keep the kingdom unified. It was abandoned in 1853.[3]

A staircase that is part of the ruins at Fort Elizabeth

Dismantling[edit]

The Kingdom of Hawaiʻi tasked Kauaʻi pioneer Valdemar Knudsen with the removal of armaments from the fort. Similar work was being done in that era across the kingdom with other forts being dismantled at Kailua-Kona, Lāhainā and along the waterfront at the old port of Honolulu. In a letter sent to Honolulu, Knudsen listed an inventory of the guns at the fort following a survey made in 1862. They included 60 flintlock muskets, 16 swords, 12 18-pound cannon, 26 4- and 6-pound cannon, 6 heavy guns and 24 little guns. During the decommissioning of the fort in 1864, while Knudsen was loading armaments and munitions for sale as scrap metal onto a schooner in Waimea Bay, one or two cannons fell into the murky waters of Waimea Bay.

Access[edit]

The fort is located at coordinates 21°57′6″N 159°39′51″W / 21.95167°N 159.66417°W / 21.95167; -159.66417, on the southeastern shore of the mouth of the Waimea River in Waimea, Kauai County, Hawaii. A small parking lot is south of the Hawaii Route 50 bridge, known as Kaumualiʻi Highway in honor of the last king. Facilities at the park include an interpretive walking path, and restrooms. A brochure with details of the site is available for a self-guided interpretive tour. Visitors to this site can enjoy exploring the remains of the fort, viewing scenery, photography and historical interpretation.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b "Russian Fort". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 
  3. ^ a b Benjamin Levy (August 1978), National Register of Historic Places/National Historic Landmark 1978 Update: Russian Fort (pdf), National Park Service, retrieved 2009-10-30 
  4. ^ Khlebnikov, K.T., 1973, Baranov, Chief Manager of the Russian Colonies in America, Kingston: The Limestone Press, ISBN 0919642500
  5. ^ William DeWitt Alexander (1891). A brief history of the Hawaiian people. American Book Company. p. 162. 
  6. ^ "Russian Fort Elizabeth State Historical Park". official state park web site. Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources. Retrieved 2009-10-31. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Mills, Peter (2002). Hawaii's Russian Adventure – A New Look at Old History. 

External links[edit]

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