Samarendra Nath Roy
|Native name||সমরেন্দ্রনাথ রায়|
11 December 1906|
|Died||23 July 1964
Jasper, Alberta, Canada
|Alma mater||Calcutta University|
|Known for||Multivariate analysis|
|Fields||Mathematician and Statistician|
Indian Statistical Institute
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
|Doctoral advisor||P. C. Mahalanobis
N. R. Sen
|Doctoral students||Ingram Olkin|
Samarendra Nath Roy or S. N. Roy (11 December 1906 – 23 July 1964) was an Indian-born American mathematician and an applied statistician.
Roy was the first of three children of Kali Nath Roy and Suniti Bala Roy. His father, Kali Nath Roy was a freedom fighter and the Chief Editor of the newspaper The Tribune, then publishing from Lahore. During the massacre of the Indians at the hands of the British in the infamous incident at Jallianwala Bagh in April 1919, The Tribune published a news report titled "Prayer at the Jama Masjid", on 6 April 1919. For this "offence" Kali Nath Roy was sentenced to rigorous imprisonment for two years along with a fine of one thousand rupees.
Roy secured first division in the Matriculation Examination in 1923 from the Khulna District School. He was the topper in the Intermediate Science (Higher Secondary) Examinations in 1925 from the Daulatpur Hindu Academy. He obtained first class and was the topper in both the BSc Mathematics (Honours) from Presidency College of the University of Calcutta in 1928 and the MSc in Applied Mathematics (with the Theory of Relativity as the elective) from the University of Calcutta in 1931.
In 1931, when Roy joined the Department of Applied Mathematics at the University of Calcutta as a research associate, he used computing facilities at the newly established Indian Statistical Institute, which was founded by Professor P. C. Mahalanobis. Roy along with several talented young scholars including J. M. Sengupta, H. C. Sinha, Raj Chandra Bose, K. R. Nair, K. Kishen and C. R. Rao, joined to form an active group of statisticians under Mahalanobis. Roy was one of the very early students of Mahalanobis, who initiated some of the early works in Statistics. He was well known for his pioneering contribution to multivariate statistical analysis, mainly that of the Jacobians of complicated transformations for various exact distributions, rectangular coordinates and the Bartlett decomposition. His dissertation included the Post master's work at the Indian Statistical Institute where he worked under Mahalanobis.
It was Bose who first went to the United States as a visiting professor at Columbia University and then joined the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1947. Roy followed suit by later joining him at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in the spring of 1950, after initially travelling to the United States to take up a Visiting Professorship of Statistics at Columbia University in New York in the spring of 1949. In between this Roy returned to India and became Head of the Department of Statistics at the University of Calcutta during the academic year 1949–50. Roy joined Bose as full Professor of Statistics in the Statistics Department at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. S. N. Roy had 15 doctorate students there from 1950 till 1963. To commemorate his Birth Centenary an International Conference on "Multivariate Statistical Methods in the 21st Century: The Legacy of Prof. S.N. Roy" was held at Kolkata, India during 28–29 December 2006. The Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference published a special issue for celebrating the Centennial of Birth of S. N. Roy.
Roy was married to Bani Roy and had four children, Prabir, Subir, Tapon and Sunanda. He died while on holiday in Jasper, Canada. His eldest son, Prabir Roy was also a mathematician, who obtained his PhD from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1962. His dissertation was on the "Separability of Metric Spaces". He later went on to become full Professor at a young age at the Binghamton University.
S. N. Roy is presently being survived by his son Subir Roy who is an MD, Obstetrician & Gynecologist, Reproductive Endocrinologist at the LAC+USC Medical Center, LA, and his daughter Sunanda R. McGarvey who works at the National Center of Public Health Informatics, CDC in Washington, DC.
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