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The Secondary School Leaving Certificate (commonly referred to as SSLC) is a certification obtained by a student on successful completion of an examination at the end of study at the secondary schooling level in India. The SSLC is obtained on passing the grade 10 public examination commonly referred to as 'class 10 board examinations' in India. SSLC is a common eligibility examination popular in many states in India, especially Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu.
The Indian system of education fundamentally consists of five years of primary schooling, followed by five years of secondary schooling. The SSLC must be obtained at the end of term of study at the secondary school. On obtaining this certificate, the student is deemed to have completed his basic schooling or basic education. After successful completion of SSLC, a student wishing to pursue their education further would join a course based on the specialization their choosing, which gives them knowledge sufficient for the student to enter a university which is sometimes called a Pre-University Course (PUC), for two years. After this twelve-year period of study a student may enter a university for undergraduate studies. Alternatively, after obtaining the SSLC, a student may choose to attend an industrial training institute where one can be trained in skills necessary for technical occupations. The other options include joining polytechnic for a three-year course of diploma in engineering and then further pursuing degree in engineering after the completion of diploma. After completing SSLC there is an option of joining vocational education courses.[full citation needed] SSLC (or eqivalent) is also required nowadays to obtain a passport under Indian government for employment purposes.
The SSLC is obtained by passing a public examination, i.e., an examination that has been formulated by the regional board of education that the school is affiliated with, and not by members of the faculty of the school. The performance of a student in the SSLC examination is one of the factors in admission to Pre University Courses in India. Therefore, the SSLC is often regarded as the first important examination that a student undertakes.
The SSLC certificate was used as the primary form of proof for Date of Birth during the time when Registration of Births and Deaths was not mandatory in India. It is still a valid form of proof of Date of Birth for those born before 1989 according to the MEA website for the Indian civil authorities to issue civil documents such as passports.
Karnataka Secondary Education Examination Board came in to existence in the year 1966, has been conducting SSLC and other examinations. Every year the student strength is increasing tremendously. Every year in April about 8.50 Lakhs & in June 1.50 Lakhs students are appearing for the SSLC examinations. The board has decided to improve the evaluation system and the results, has set up divisional offices of the Board. This decentralization caters to the need of the student needs at their proximity. The board is now providing Admission Tickets with student photographs and major breakthrough in this venture is the photos being used in the repeaters Admission Tickets also.
The board has ventured to conduct the supplementary examination for the failed candidates of the examination of March in June month of every year itself; this will enable the students who would be successful in the June examination to join higher education courses in the same academic year from July itself. This process was introduced first time in the country.
TNBSE is also known as Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education. The board was formed in the year 1911. The main headquarter of this board is situated in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. It is a state level board of Education, which was developed to control and design the education system in the schools of Tamil Nadu. TNBSE is improving education system in TN State and makes the syllabus of the different classes. TNBSE conducts the board exam each year and provide the certification to the qualified students. Board also provides affiliation to many new schools in all over state.
SCERT (Kerala) functions as an R&D institute at the state level by providing guidance, support and assistance to the State Education Department in its endeavor to improve the quality of elementary and secondary education and teacher education. To achieve this goal, the SCERT conducts research Studies, develops information systems, curricular policies, and instructional materials and co-ordinates in-service education for teachers at all levels.
SCERT is concerned with the academic aspects of school education including formulation of curriculum, preparation of textbooks, teachers' handbooks and teacher training. It advises the Government on policy matters relating to school education
The academic activities and programmes of SCERT are carried out by the various departments / units. SCERT plans and co-ordinates all academic projects and programmes in the state.