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1
Sabarimala Journey from Pamba to Sabarimala - Sabarimala Yatra
Sabarimala Journey from Pamba to Sabarimala - Sabarimala Yatra
::2012/11/27::
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Sabarimala Makara Vilakku 2013
Sabarimala Makara Vilakku 2013
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Sabarimala Makarajyoti Reality Tamil
Sabarimala Makarajyoti Reality Tamil
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Sabarimala video, dont miss it......
Sabarimala video, dont miss it......
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SABARIMALA _ERUMELI_ REAL FOREST JOURNEY
SABARIMALA _ERUMELI_ REAL FOREST JOURNEY
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SABARIMALA YATHRA VIDEO SONG
SABARIMALA YATHRA VIDEO SONG
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Sabarimala Makara Jyothi exposed
Sabarimala Makara Jyothi exposed
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Sabarimalaku Podamandi Song sabarimala Yathra
Sabarimalaku Podamandi Song sabarimala Yathra
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Sabarimala Makara Jyothi and Makara Vilakku 2014 Live Streaming
Sabarimala Makara Jyothi and Makara Vilakku 2014 Live Streaming
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Sabarimala Malayalam - Part 01
Sabarimala Malayalam - Part 01
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SIVAMONY IN SABARIMALA
SIVAMONY IN SABARIMALA
::2008/11/23::
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Sabarimala Makara Jyothi Darshan Live 2014 | Studio N
Sabarimala Makara Jyothi Darshan Live 2014 | Studio N
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Padi pooja in Sabarimala
Padi pooja in Sabarimala
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SABARIMALA TV @ Melshanthi Abishekam
SABARIMALA TV @ Melshanthi Abishekam
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Austrian hotelier visits Sabarimala
Austrian hotelier visits Sabarimala
::2013/11/20::
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Foreigners in Sabarimala - Sabarimala Special Report
Foreigners in Sabarimala - Sabarimala Special Report
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HARIVARASANAM  LIVE FROM SABARIMALA
HARIVARASANAM LIVE FROM SABARIMALA
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sabarimala darshanam
sabarimala darshanam
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sabarimala padippattu-Ayyappa songs
sabarimala padippattu-Ayyappa songs
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Sabarimala Ayyappa Makara Jyothi Darshan 2014 | Studio N
Sabarimala Ayyappa Makara Jyothi Darshan 2014 | Studio N
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sabarimala 2013 video7
sabarimala 2013 video7
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Punyamala sabarimala
Punyamala sabarimala
::2013/06/20::
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23
Sabarimala Traditional forest path (ശബരിമല  കാനന പാത, சபரிமல ).wmv
Sabarimala Traditional forest path (ശബരിമല കാനന പാത, சபரிமல ).wmv
::2012/12/23::
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24
Andhlaiah O Sabarisha song - Sabarimala Yathra Telugu Songs 2012
Andhlaiah O Sabarisha song - Sabarimala Yathra Telugu Songs 2012
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SABARIMALA AYYAPPA 18 STEPS PADI POOJA PART 1
SABARIMALA AYYAPPA 18 STEPS PADI POOJA PART 1
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Sabarimala Keranoru Moham Moham...........
Sabarimala Keranoru Moham Moham...........
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new leaked sabarimala videos
new leaked sabarimala videos
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Sabarimala Makara Jyothi Darshan- 2012
Sabarimala Makara Jyothi Darshan- 2012
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Sabarimala Telugu - Part 01
Sabarimala Telugu - Part 01
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History of Lord Ayyappa & Sabarimala 720p HD- Episode 1
History of Lord Ayyappa & Sabarimala 720p HD- Episode 1
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Sabarimala News :  Drummer Sivamani  in Sabarimala ശിവമണിയുടെ സംഗീതവിരുന്ന്
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Aanayirangum Mamalayil - Old Super hit Sabarimala Ayyappa song by K J Yesudas
Aanayirangum Mamalayil - Old Super hit Sabarimala Ayyappa song by K J Yesudas
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The Truth About Sabarimala R.Sajan with Sreeyuth Balakrishna Nath Part 1 of 5
The Truth About Sabarimala R.Sajan with Sreeyuth Balakrishna Nath Part 1 of 5
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Sabarimala-2012-Thiruvabharanam Reaches Sannidhaanam
Sabarimala-2012-Thiruvabharanam Reaches Sannidhaanam
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harivarasanam in sabarimala [Reporter HD]
harivarasanam in sabarimala [Reporter HD]
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Harivarasanam by K J Yesudas original track in Sabarimala,MUST SEE this,sreesabarisan.blogspot.com
Harivarasanam by K J Yesudas original track in Sabarimala,MUST SEE this,sreesabarisan.blogspot.com
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TV9 NEWS - SABARIMALA STAMPEDE DEATH TOLL INCREASES TO 103
TV9 NEWS - SABARIMALA STAMPEDE DEATH TOLL INCREASES TO 103
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Shabarimalai saranamalai
Shabarimalai saranamalai
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Sabrisha Nee Seva Ayyappa Swamy Telugu Devotional Songs - Sabarimala Yathra
Sabrisha Nee Seva Ayyappa Swamy Telugu Devotional Songs - Sabarimala Yathra
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Sabarimala Road
Sabarimala Road
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41
SAMSKRITHI TV-SABARIMALA Nada Opening 1[2013]
SAMSKRITHI TV-SABARIMALA Nada Opening 1[2013]
::2013/11/15::
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42
Sabarimala Temple Lord Ayyappa River Pamba Pathanamthitta
Sabarimala Temple Lord Ayyappa River Pamba Pathanamthitta
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TV9 Special : Shivaraj Kumar
TV9 Special : Shivaraj Kumar's Sabarimala Ayyappa Temple Yatra - Full
::2012/02/18::
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Sabarimala Makara Vilakku 2014: Sabarimala News
Sabarimala Makara Vilakku 2014: Sabarimala News
::2014/01/30::
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Sabarimala Thiruvabharanam procession-2011
Sabarimala Thiruvabharanam procession-2011
::2011/01/14::
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46
Russian team Visits Sabarimala, Pathanamthitta District News, Chuttuvattom, 20th Nov 2013
Russian team Visits Sabarimala, Pathanamthitta District News, Chuttuvattom, 20th Nov 2013
::2013/11/20::
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47
Vibrant Devotional Song on Lord Ayyappa of Sabarimala
Vibrant Devotional Song on Lord Ayyappa of Sabarimala
::2008/11/06::
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sabarimala visited stars
sabarimala visited stars
::2012/11/28::
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Sabarimala - Tamil  Documentary
Sabarimala - Tamil Documentary
::2012/11/28::
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Carrying the sacred ornaments of Lord Ayyappa to Sabarimala
Carrying the sacred ornaments of Lord Ayyappa to Sabarimala
::2012/07/16::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Sabarimala
Pilgrimage town
Crowd of pilgrims
Sabarimala is located in Kerala
Sabarimala
Sabarimala
Coordinates: 9°26′15″N 77°04′50″E / 9.4375°N 77.0805°E / 9.4375; 77.0805Coordinates: 9°26′15″N 77°04′50″E / 9.4375°N 77.0805°E / 9.4375; 77.0805
Country India
State Kerala
District Pathanamthitta District
Elevation 468 m (1,535 ft)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 0473
Vehicle registration KL-03, KL-62
Website www.sabarimala.kerala.gov.in

Sabarimala is a Hindu pilgrimage center located in the Western Ghat mountain ranges of Pathanamthitta District, Perunad grama panchayat in Kerala. It is the largest annual pilgrimage in the world with an estimated 100 million devotees visiting every year.[1][2] Sabarimala is believed to be the place where the Hindu God Ayyappan meditated after killing the powerful demoness, Mahishi. Ayyappan's temple is situated here amidst 18 hills. The temple is situated on a hilltop at an altitude of 468 m (1535 ft) above mean sea level, and is surrounded by mountains and dense forests. Temples exist in each of the hills surrounding Sabarimala. While functional and intact temples exist at many places in the surrounding areas like Nilackal, Kalaketi, and Karimala, remnants of old temples survive to this day on remaining hills.

Sabarimala is linked to Hindu pilgrimage, predominantly for men of all ages.You can identify a Sabarimala pilgrim easily as they wear black or blue dress.They do not shave till the completion of pilgrimage and smear Vibhuti or Sandal paste on their forehead.Women between the ages of 10 and 50 are not allowed to enter the temple, since the story attributed to Ayyappa prohibits the entry of the women in the menstrual age group. This is because Ayyappan is a Bramachari (Celibate). The temple is open for worship only during the days of Mandalapooja (approximately 15 November to 26 December), Makaravilakku (14 January- "Makara Sankranti") and Vishu (14 April), and the first six days of each Malayalam month.

The pilgrimage[edit]

A sign-board that indicates the direction to Sabarimala. The multilingual board is written in Hindi, Malayalam, Tamil, Kannada, Telugu and English (in that order, from top to bottom)
Crowd management of pilgrims

The devotees are expected to follow a Vratham (41-day penance) prior to the pilgrimage [1]. This begins with wearing of a special Mala (a garland made of Rudraksha or Tulasi beads). In general from then they are to refrain from non-vegetarian food of any kind (except dairy) alcohol, and tobacco, engaging in sex, using foul language, hair-cuts and shaving. They are expected to bath twice and visit the local temples regularly and only wear plain black or blue coloured traditional clothing. Saffron colored dresses are worn by Sanysis (monks) who have renunciated material life. But, many devotees still continue to wear saffron colored clothes which becomes a part of vedic culture which connects the whole Hindus worldwide.

Hundreds of devotees still follow the traditional mountainous forest path (approximately 52 km) from Erumely, believed to be taken by Ayyappa himself. The part starts from Erumely to Aludha river, then crosses the Aludha mountain to reach Karivilam thodu. Now comes the sacred Karimala crossing, from there to Cheriyanavattom, Valliyanavattom and finally Pamba River. Then they have to climb neelimala and we enter into the ganesh bettam, shreeram betta padam.Aranmula kottaram is one of the halt place of holy journey 'thiruvabharana khosayatra'. But many people use vehicular traffic which can go till the Holy Pamba River by an alternate road. Thereafter, all the pilgrims have to follow a mountainous forest trekking path approximately four kilometers up a steep hill (Neeli Mala) to Sabarimala. This path, now developed, with shops and medical aid by the sides, used to be a mere trail through dense jungle.

Prasadams[edit]

The prasadam at Sabarimala temple is Aravana payasam and Appam. These are prepared by using rice, ghee, sugar etc. The rice needed to prepare prasadam at Sabarimala is supplied by Chettikulangara Devi Temple, the second largest temple under Travancore devaswom board situated at Mavelikkara. The Chief Commissioner, Travancore Devaswom Board said that the board has appointed Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore as a consultant for providing technical guidance to ensure the quality of Aravana, Appam, and other prasadom preparations at Sabarimala.[3]

Harivarasanam[edit]

Harivarasanam[4] is recited before closing the temple door every night. Harivarasanam song, which is sung at Sabarimala as a lullaby at night (Urakkupattu) was composed by Sri Kambangudi Kulathur Srinivasa Iyer. It is said that Srinivasa Iyer used to recite the composition, after the Athazha Puja, standing in front of the shrine of Ayyappa in the main temple. With the efforts of Swami Vimochanananda, it came to be accepted as the lullaby by the Thantri and melshanthi. The composition has 352 letters, 108 words in 32 lines (8 stanzas).[5]

Though there have been many versions of this song sung by many renowned vocalists, the temple plays the rendition by K. J. Yesudas, composed by the renowned music director G. Devarajan, which is in the 'Madhyamavathi' raga of Indian Carnatic music. Harivarasanam is written in Sanskrit.

Recently P. Unnikrishnan has rendered Harivarasanam song in his 2011 release of devotional songs titled 'AYYAN MALAI ENGAL MALAI'.[6]

Neyyabhishekam[edit]

This significant ritual involves pouring sacred ghee brought by pilgrims in their Pallikettu or Irumudi (A two compartment bag made of handwoven cotton cloth used to bear the offerings for Sabarimala Temple by the devotees and carried on their heads)on the idol of Lord Ayyappa. It symbolically means the merging of Jeevatma with the Paramatma.While a Red coloured Irumudi is used by a pilgrim on his first journey(Kanni Ayyappan) to Sabarimala, others use Navy Blue till third year and there on saffron coloured Irumudi.

Makara Vilakku[edit]

Lord Sri Rama and his brother Lakshmana met Sabari, a tribal devotee, at Sabarimala. Sabari offered the Lord fruits after tasting them. But the Lord accepted them gladly and whole-heartedly. The Lord then turned and saw a divine person doing tapas. He asked Sabari who it was. Sabari said it was Sasta. Rama walked towards Sasta and the latter stood up and welcomed the Prince of Ayodhya. The anniversary of this incident is celebrated on Makara Vilakku day. It is believed that on Makara Vilakku day, Lord Dharmasasta stops his tapas to bless his devotees.and also it is called makara shankranthi Note: there are many places with similar story of Sabari, no authentication of either exist.

Aham Brahmasmi and Tattvamasi[edit]

The important message given at the temple is the ultimate knowledge that each individual is a God unto himself/herself, Tat Tvam Asi in Sanskrit meaning "That is you". Due to this pilgrims call each other Swami.

Tat Tvam Asi, meaning "That Thou Art" is the message that is given out by the Lord. It means, in short, you are part of the Universal Soul (in Sanskrit "Paramatma") which is the quintessence of Advaita philosophy. It also means for reaching Paramatma or Universal Soul. this mahavakya suggested by swami chinnmayananda(1916–1993) in end of 70s

Illumination and Power[edit]

In this remote hill shrine the Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB) is shouldering the task of providing sufficient illumination in base camps, trekking paths and the Sannidhanam, the shrine spot. KSEB installs and maintains around 15000 electric lamps of various types here. Power is brought here through Kochu Pampa and Thriveni Substations. Through uninterrupted supply and well maintained lights KSEB has been able to maintain good reputation in the recent years.

[7]

History of the Ayyappa Temple[edit]

There is no clear evidence as to when the pilgrimage to Sabarimala began. After the installation of the temple, it was mostly unreachable for about three centuries. One of the kings in a later generation rediscovered the original path to reach Sabarimala. He had many followers with him, including the descendants of the Vavar family. They refreshed their resources at Erumely and this marked the beginning of the famous Petta Thullal at Erumely. They laid down their arms at the place today known as Saramkuthy. Those who are on their maiden visits to Sabarimala thrust arrows at this place. The temple was then renovated. In 1821 AD, the kingdom of Pandalam was added to Travancore. 48 major temples including the Sabarimala temple were also added to Travancore. The idol was erected in 1910[citation needed]. In 1950, a fire broke out which destroyed the entire temple and had to be reconstructed. According to the official enquiry report submitted by the Deputy Inspector General of Police, K. Kesava Menon, some Christian fundamentalists committed the arson. The temple also conflagrated in 1971 and underwent a major revamping.

The temple at Sabarimala is also linked to Buddhism prevailed all over India. The sitting posture and resemblance of the prayer 'Sharanam vili' to "Buddham Sharanam / Sangam Sharanam" points to the Buddhist past. Buddhist hermits always prefer to stay in interior jungles for solitary contemplation to attain Nirvana. [4] Interestingly, the word 'Ayya' is a Buddhist Pali word means Lord/God. Early period there was a trade route passed through the high ranges between Kerala and Pandian kingdom.

The history behind the worshipping methods[edit]

The customs of the pilgrims to Sabarimala are based on five worshipping methods; those of Shaivites, Shaktists and Vaishnavites. At first, there were three sections of devotees – the devotees of Shakti who used meat to worship their deity, the devotees of Vishnu who followed strict penance and continence, and the devotees of Shiva who partly followed these two methods. Another name of Ayyappa is Sastha. All these can be seen merged into the beliefs of pilgrims to Sabarimala. The chain the pilgrims wear comes from the Rudraksha chain of the Shaivites. The strict fasting, penance and continence is taken out of the beliefs of the Vaishnavites. The offering of tobacco to Kaduthaswamy can be considered to be taken from the Shaktists.

Pullimedu stampede[edit]

On Friday 14 January 2011, a human stampede occurred just outside the pilgrimage, after a vehicle fell down on the small pathway. Around 100 people were reported dead, with roughly 100 more injured. The accident happened in Pulmedu, around 25 kilometers by road from the forest shrine in Idukki District.

Picture Gallery[edit]

[8][9] [10]

Other famous temples near Sabarimala[edit]

How to reach[edit]

Air[edit]

Thiruvananthapuram International Airport (170 km) and Cochin International Airport, at Nedumbassery, Kochi (160 km) are the nearest airports.

Rail[edit]

Chengannur Railway Station(82 km)(Declared as Gateway of Sabarimala), Tiruvalla Railway Station(92 km) and Kottayam Railway Station (120 km) are the nearest Railway station. Direct Bus services to Pathanamthitta, Erumeli and Pamba are operated from Chengannur Railway Station.

Road[edit]

The main trunk road to Sabarimala is Pathanamthitta - Pamba, which passes through, Mannarakulanji, Vadasserikara, Perunad, Laha, Nilackal > Pampa. The distance from Pathanamthitta District center to Sabarimala is about 70 km.

  • Kerala State Road Transport Corporation operates, regular daily bus services from Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Ernakulam and Kumili. On special days, when the temple is opened for Poojas, KSRTC operates more services to all major towns of Kerala and neighboring states

Major Hindu Pligrimage in Kerala[edit]

  • Kottiyoor Utsavam

Kottiyoor Vadakkeshwaram Temple is located 60 km east of Thalassery. Kottiyoor Vysakha Mahotsavam is a huge religious pilgrimage attracting thousands of pilgrims. It is a festival commemorating the Daksha yaga.

  • Kodungallur Bharani

Kodungallur Bhagavathy Temple is one of the oldest temples in Kerala from Sangam ages. The temple is 38 km south of Thrissur. Kodungallu Bharani is a festival commemorating Devi Kali's victory in battle over demon Darika.

  • Attukal pongala

Attukal Temple is 25 km from Trivandrum city. Mass preparation of the dish, Pongala for Devi, by women, in Trivandrum city is famed as Attukal pongala.

  • Makara Bharani

Kottangal Devi Temple is 25 km from Thiruvalla city. Padayani is the annual ritualistic festival celebrated in Bhadrakali temples of Central travancore, Kottangal Padayani celebrates Malayalam month Makaram Rewati, Ashwati & Bharani is important.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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