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Sachem north fight
Sachem north fight
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: reno ciociano
AO Sachem Deck - Unboxing and Review│The Vault Pro Scooters
AO Sachem Deck - Unboxing and Review│The Vault Pro Scooters
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: TheVaultProScooters
Sachem Football Coaching Changes
Sachem Football Coaching Changes
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: CBS New York
Sachem - Henryk Sienkiewicz. Audiobook nowelę czyta Adam Buk całość
Sachem - Henryk Sienkiewicz. Audiobook nowelę czyta Adam Buk całość
Published: 2016/05/23
Channel: Adam Buk
Sachem north
Sachem north
Published: 2017/06/18
Channel: hockeybull #13
Just why, sachem east
Just why, sachem east
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: hockeybull #13
Sachem "Ghost Ship" Part 1
Sachem "Ghost Ship" Part 1
Published: 2011/08/21
Channel: Scott Nadi Gray
AO Sachem Complete - Unboxing and Overview │ The Vault Pro Scooters
AO Sachem Complete - Unboxing and Overview │ The Vault Pro Scooters
Published: 2017/05/28
Channel: TheVaultProScooters
Sachem. Henryk Sienkiewicz audiobook.
Sachem. Henryk Sienkiewicz audiobook.
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: Darmowe audiobooki
Sachem East Building Video
Sachem East Building Video
Published: 2013/03/20
Channel: SachemReport
2017 Week 5 Performance - Sachem
2017 Week 5 Performance - Sachem
Published: 2017/10/15
Channel: Huntington HS Band
PRODUCT OVERVIEW: AO Sachem Deck and Complete
PRODUCT OVERVIEW: AO Sachem Deck and Complete
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: OUTSET SELECT
Sachem North Senior Montage 2017
Sachem North Senior Montage 2017
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: Seth Vessa
Sachem East High School v2.0
Sachem East High School v2.0
Published: 2015/10/16
Channel: INTELMAXELL MULTI-ROTORS
Sachem - streszczenie
Sachem - streszczenie
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: EduKanał
SACHEM COMMUNITY MOURNS THE LOSS OF JOSHUA MILETO
SACHEM COMMUNITY MOURNS THE LOSS OF JOSHUA MILETO
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: EMERGENCYPATCHES
Sachem Cheerleaders win again!
Sachem Cheerleaders win again!
Published: 2017/10/14
Channel: creativejuiceadv
Marcher devant by Sachem
Marcher devant by Sachem
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: VDN productions
Sachem Marching Band 2017 Championship
Sachem Marching Band 2017 Championship
Published: 2017/10/29
Channel: Laurie Coffey
Sachem 2015 Season
Sachem 2015 Season
Published: 2016/02/07
Channel: MattgraceVB
Sachem East JV Arrowettes 10/27/17
Sachem East JV Arrowettes 10/27/17
Published: 2017/10/28
Channel: Misty Mountain Video
"El mundo ya nos reconoce" Mensaje de Tribu Sachem a Grupo Scout Quitrangülam
"El mundo ya nos reconoce" Mensaje de Tribu Sachem a Grupo Scout Quitrangülam
Published: 2014/11/10
Channel: breakfood
SACHEM ostatni wódz Czarnych Wężów
SACHEM ostatni wódz Czarnych Wężów
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: Telewizja Ponidzie
2015 Sachem Arrows Marching Band at Championships
2015 Sachem Arrows Marching Band at Championships
Published: 2017/08/10
Channel: Antonio Torlentino
Michel Galabru, Sachem
Michel Galabru, Sachem
Published: 2016/01/05
Channel: VDN productions
Hélie de Saint Marc - Sachem Remix
Hélie de Saint Marc - Sachem Remix
Published: 2014/02/05
Channel: VDN productions
Sachem East Football at Connetquot Playoffs 11-11-12
Sachem East Football at Connetquot Playoffs 11-11-12
Published: 2013/09/01
Channel: Misty Mountain Video
Sachem North Varsity Cheer 2011
Sachem North Varsity Cheer 2011
Published: 2011/02/17
Channel: Alexandra Cardella
Gavana - Skazhi Sachem
Gavana - Skazhi Sachem
Published: 2008/01/17
Channel: SladkajaKisa
NYS Finals: McQuaid vs Sachem - Sets 3 and 4
NYS Finals: McQuaid vs Sachem - Sets 3 and 4
Published: 2014/12/09
Channel: Erik Johnsson
THE WITCHING HOUR - Sachem Marching Band - Syracuse 2017
THE WITCHING HOUR - Sachem Marching Band - Syracuse 2017
Published: 2017/10/30
Channel: Leah Fallica
2017 Sachem Arrows Marching Band at Championships
2017 Sachem Arrows Marching Band at Championships
Published: 2017/11/13
Channel: Janet Benites
Connetquot vs Sachem | 2015 High School Highlights
Connetquot vs Sachem | 2015 High School Highlights
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: LAXdotCOMtv
Un Certain Style, Sachem
Un Certain Style, Sachem
Published: 2015/12/06
Channel: VDN productions
Sachem High School Football 1977
Sachem High School Football 1977
Published: 2009/07/20
Channel: Misty Mountain Video
20 ans, Sachem
20 ans, Sachem
Published: 2014/10/29
Channel: VDN productions
2016 Sachem Arrows Marching Band at Championships
2016 Sachem Arrows Marching Band at Championships
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: Antonio Torlentino
Sachem East Arrowettes - 2015
Sachem East Arrowettes - 2015
Published: 2015/10/05
Channel: Misty Mountain Video
Sachem North @ Freeport Cheer competition 2017
Sachem North @ Freeport Cheer competition 2017
Published: 2017/01/28
Channel: Medium Jaret
Sachem North vs. ESM
Sachem North vs. ESM
Published: 2017/11/08
Channel: VolleyballTV Live
Dieu protège la France by Sachem
Dieu protège la France by Sachem
Published: 2015/10/01
Channel: VDN productions
"Sachem" - Filmowe Nowele Henryka Sienkiewicza
"Sachem" - Filmowe Nowele Henryka Sienkiewicza
Published: 2015/12/29
Channel: Maria Magdalena Jeziorowska
Sacramental Sachem - Recrucifiction
Sacramental Sachem - Recrucifiction
Published: 2008/03/27
Channel: LowlandRecords
Sachem Class of 1983
Sachem Class of 1983
Published: 2013/08/15
Channel: Chelsea Stiefel
Sachem East Arrowettes 9/23/17
Sachem East Arrowettes 9/23/17
Published: 2017/09/24
Channel: Misty Mountain Video
Sachem cheer competition ❤️
Sachem cheer competition ❤️
Published: 2015/04/11
Channel: Bellab1
Farmingdale vs Sachem North Long Island Championship - High School Football
Farmingdale vs Sachem North Long Island Championship - High School Football
Published: 2013/12/01
Channel: MyLITV
Sachem North Highlight Video 2015
Sachem North Highlight Video 2015
Published: 2015/11/25
Channel: Robert Nolan
ESM Varsity vs Sachem North 10-14-16
ESM Varsity vs Sachem North 10-14-16
Published: 2016/11/22
Channel: LInda O
SACHEM - Teaser d
SACHEM - Teaser d'ambiance
Published: 2016/09/17
Channel: Arka Court
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Sachem and a Sagamore are paramount chiefs among the Algonquians or other Native American tribes of the northeast. The two words are anglicizations of cognate terms (c.1622) from different Eastern Algonquian languages. The Sagamore was a lesser chief than the Sachem.[1][2][3][4] Both of these chiefs are chosen by their people. Sagamores are chosen by single bands to represent them and the Sachem is chosen to represent a tribe or group of bands. Neither title is hereditary but selected by the bands.[5]

Etymology[edit]

One source explains:

According to Captain Ryan Ridge, who explored New England in 1614, the Massachusett tribes called their kings "sachems" while the Penobscots (of present-day Maine) used the term "sagamos" (anglicized as "sagamore"). Conversely, Deputy Governor Thomas Dudley of Roxbury wrote in 1631 that the kings in the bay area were called sagamores, but were called sachems southward (in Plymouth). The two terms apparently came from the same root. Although "sagamore" has sometimes been defined by colonists and historians as a subordinate lord (or subordinate chief[6]), modern opinion is that "sachem" and "sagamore" are dialectical variations of the same word.[7]

Cognate words[edit]

Family Language Word Notes
Eastern Algonquian Proto-Eastern Algonquian *sākimāw Reconstructed original
Lenape sakima derived from earlier form sakimaw[8]
Narragansett sâchim anglicized as sachem[9]
Eastern Abnaki sakəma anglicized as sagamore[9]
Malecite-Passamaquoddy sakom [10]
Western Abnaki sôgmô [11]
Central Algonquian Proto-Central Algonquian *hākimāw Reconstructed original
Anishinaabe ogimaa [12]
Algonquin ogimà [13]
Ottawa gimaa [14]
Potawatomi wgema anglicised as Ogema
Eastern Swampy Cree okimâw [15]
Northern East Cree uchimaa [16]
Southern East Cree uchimaa [17]
Naskapi iiyuuchimaaw [18]

Chiefs[edit]

The "great chief" (Southern New England Algonquian: massasoit sachem) whose aid was such a boon to the Plymouth Colony—although his motives were complex[19]—is remembered today as simply Massasoit.[20]

Another sachem, Mahomet Weyonomon of the Mohegan tribe, travelled to London in 1735, to petition King George II for fairer treatment of his people. He complained that their lands were becoming overrun by English settlers. Other sachems included Uncas, Wonalancet, Madockawando, and Samoset.

In popular culture[edit]

Government and politics[edit]

Journalism[edit]

  • One of the oldest weekly newspapers in Canada is called The Grand River Sachem. It has been publishing since 1856 and is located in Caledonia, Ontario.[citation needed]

Literature[edit]

  • James Fenimore Cooper featured a character called "The Sagamore" in his novel The Last of the Mohicans.
  • Rick, the protagonist of Simon Spurrier's novel, The Culled (2006, book 1 of The Afterblight Chronicles), belongs to the Haudenosaunee people and is guided through crises by the sachem. Another character, named Hiawatha, saves Rick's life and advises him the Tadodaho have said Rick and Hiawatha's courses are "aligned".[23]
  • The 1838 poem "Sachem's-Wood"[24] by James Abraham Hillhouse (son of United States Senator James Hillhouse) describes the demise of the free sachem and his people.
  • There's a passage in Moby Dick by Herman Melville, page 71, saying : " [...] where the loose hairy fibres waved to and fro like the topknot on some old Pottowattamie Sachem's head."

Schools[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "sachem". American Heritage Dictionary (4th ed.). Houghton Mifflin. 2000. 
  2. ^ "sagamore". American Heritage Dictionary (4th ed.). Houghton Mifflin. 2000. 
  3. ^ "sachem". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Merriam-Webster Online. Retrieved 2009-11-09. 
  4. ^ "sagamore". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Merriam-Webster Online. Retrieved 2009-11-09. 
  5. ^ Kehoe, Alice. North American Indians, A Comprehensive Account. Third Edition. 2006
  6. ^ Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary. Springfield, Massachusetts: G. & C. Merriam Co. 1973. p. 1018. ISBN 0-87779-308-5. 
  7. ^ Life & Times: Squaw Sachem", Hawthorne in Salem, The Daily Times Chronicle, Winchester Edition (MA), December 1999, accessed 27 Jan 2010
  8. ^ "sakima". Lenape Talking Dictionary. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  9. ^ a b Goddard, Ives (1978). "Eastern Algonquian languages", in "Northeast", ed. Bruce G. Trigger. Vol. 15 of Handbook of North American Indians, ed. William C. Sturtevant. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, pg. 75
  10. ^ Francis, David A., Sr. et al. Maliseet - Passamaquoddy Dictionary. Mi'kmaq - Maliseet Institute
  11. ^ Laurent, Joseph (1884) New familiar Abenakis and English dialogues the first ever published on the grammatical system
  12. ^ Nichols, John, and Earl Nyholm. (1995). A Concise Dictionary of Minnesota Ojibwe. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press
  13. ^ Mcgregor, Ernest. (1994). Algonquin Lexicon. Maniwaki, QC: Kitigan Zibi Education Council.
  14. ^ Rhodes, Richard A. (1985). Eastern Ojibwa-Chippewa-Ottawa Dictionary. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  15. ^ MacKenzie, Marguerite (editor). (c2007). Wasaho Ininîwimowin Dictionary (Fort Severn Cree). Kwayaciiwin Education Resource Centre.
  16. ^ Bobbish-Salt, Luci et al. (2004–06). Northern EastCree Dictionary. Cree School Board.
  17. ^ Neeposh, Ella et al. (2004–07). Southern EastCree Dictionary. Cree School Board.
  18. ^ MacKenzie, Marguerite and Bill Jancewicz. (1994). Naskapi lexicon. Kawawachikamach, Quebec: Naskapi Development Corp.
  19. ^ See Charles Mann, 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus
  20. ^ Note that this massa- element meaning "great" in the Massachusett language also appears in the name of the Massachusett (i.e. "Great Hills people") and subsequently in the name of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
  21. ^ http://www.redmen.org/redmen/chiefs/
  22. ^ Governor's press release announcing creation of the Sachem
  23. ^ Spurrier, Simon (2006). The Culled. Abaddon Books. p. 198. ISBN 9781849970136. 
  24. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=NcI3AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA47&dq=sachem&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CEYQ6AEwB2oVChMIw-Oe79vxxgIVBjI-Ch0gAAE-#v=onepage&q=sachem's-wood&f=false
  25. ^ https://www.alumniclass.com/pentucket.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]

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