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Magnificent Three Masted Top Sail Schooner Oosterschelde (Tall Ship)
Magnificent Three Masted Top Sail Schooner Oosterschelde (Tall Ship)
Published: 2015/01/19
Channel: Matthew Payne | Adventurer | Filmmaker
🎧 Sailing Ship In Bad Weather Sound - Blizzard , Rough Ocean Waves And Thunderstorm Sounds to relax
🎧 Sailing Ship In Bad Weather Sound - Blizzard , Rough Ocean Waves And Thunderstorm Sounds to relax
Published: 2015/10/29
Channel: Relaxing Soundzzz
How to sail a Full-Rigged-Ship - The Sørlandet Part 1
How to sail a Full-Rigged-Ship - The Sørlandet Part 1
Published: 2011/03/04
Channel: TheSorlandet
173-Year-Old Whaling Ship Returns to Save Whales | National Geographic
173-Year-Old Whaling Ship Returns to Save Whales | National Geographic
Published: 2014/07/24
Channel: National Geographic
► SAILING ACROSS THE ATLANTIC Part 1/5
► SAILING ACROSS THE ATLANTIC Part 1/5
Published: 2014/06/03
Channel: Free Documentary
🎧 Wooden Sailing Ship On Sea Ambience, Creaking Wood, Sound Of Waves, Seagulls, To Relax Your Mind
🎧 Wooden Sailing Ship On Sea Ambience, Creaking Wood, Sound Of Waves, Seagulls, To Relax Your Mind
Published: 2014/11/12
Channel: Relaxing Soundzzz
French warship replica sets sail for America
French warship replica sets sail for America
Published: 2015/05/24
Channel: CBS Sunday Morning
Great Ships - The Frigates Documentary
Great Ships - The Frigates Documentary
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: History Of Wars
(Atlantic) Ocean
(Atlantic) Ocean's Eighteen: Ocean's Eighteen: life on board of an 18th-century ship
Published: 2014/07/29
Channel: RT Documentary
LIVING ON A RUSSIAN PIRATE SHIP (4K) - Sailing Ireland Part 1
LIVING ON A RUSSIAN PIRATE SHIP (4K) - Sailing Ireland Part 1
Published: 2017/07/09
Channel: Lost LeBlanc
Sailing Ship Columbia full journey during final week at Disneyland 2016 before temporary closure
Sailing Ship Columbia full journey during final week at Disneyland 2016 before temporary closure
Published: 2016/01/11
Channel: Inside the Magic
The Scariest Ship to Ever Sail the Seven Seas
The Scariest Ship to Ever Sail the Seven Seas
Published: 2013/10/24
Channel: Smithsonian Channel
Real Life Pirate Ship! - El Galeon - Spanish Merchant Ship - Matt
Real Life Pirate Ship! - El Galeon - Spanish Merchant Ship - Matt's Rad Show
Published: 2014/05/25
Channel: MattsRadShow
Sailing Ships in Action- Tall Ships from Yesterday - Silent - Early 1900s
Sailing Ships in Action- Tall Ships from Yesterday - Silent - Early 1900s
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: Historia - Bel99TV
SAILING MY PIRATE SHIP
SAILING MY PIRATE SHIP
Published: 2017/11/18
Channel: GamerGirl
Sailing Ship Columbia tour of deck and crew
Sailing Ship Columbia tour of deck and crew's quarters during final week at Disneyland 2016
Published: 2016/01/11
Channel: Inside the Magic
Ship Sails Over Tsunami
Ship Sails Over Tsunami
Published: 2016/01/24
Channel: GlobalLeaks News
Cargo Ship Sailing through Corinth Canal, Awesome!!
Cargo Ship Sailing through Corinth Canal, Awesome!!
Published: 2017/04/13
Channel: Humans At Sea
🎧 Sailing Ship On Rough Sea Sound, Creaking Wood And Ocean Sounds Soundscape For Relaxation & Sleep
🎧 Sailing Ship On Rough Sea Sound, Creaking Wood And Ocean Sounds Soundscape For Relaxation & Sleep
Published: 2014/12/18
Channel: Relaxing Soundzzz
Naval Tactics in the Age of Sail (1650-1815)
Naval Tactics in the Age of Sail (1650-1815)
Published: 2016/09/09
Channel: Military History Visualized
2014 Building of 18th Century Sailing Battle Ship Poltava
2014 Building of 18th Century Sailing Battle Ship Poltava
Published: 2014/08/01
Channel: Triton Tools
Whitesnake - Sailing Ships
Whitesnake - Sailing Ships
Published: 2010/03/05
Channel: mesar66
One Wooden Sailing Ship, One Quadrocopter Drone and 5 Teenagers
One Wooden Sailing Ship, One Quadrocopter Drone and 5 Teenagers
Published: 2013/09/30
Channel: wildiaries
A huge ship sailing in Dangerous Ocean waves ever
A huge ship sailing in Dangerous Ocean waves ever
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: Abid Jamal
World of Discovery - Tall Ships: High Sea Adventure
World of Discovery - Tall Ships: High Sea Adventure
Published: 2014/05/21
Channel: FilmRise
Sailing from Gran Canaria to Antarctica on board tall ship bark EUROPA
Sailing from Gran Canaria to Antarctica on board tall ship bark EUROPA
Published: 2016/07/28
Channel: BarkEuropa
5 Biggest and Magnificent Sailing Ships of All Time
5 Biggest and Magnificent Sailing Ships of All Time
Published: 2014/12/13
Channel: CrazyDigital InformAction
🎧 Sailing Ship in Thunderstorm Sound - Sounds Of Thunder, Ocean, And Seagulls for Relaxation
🎧 Sailing Ship in Thunderstorm Sound - Sounds Of Thunder, Ocean, And Seagulls for Relaxation
Published: 2014/12/31
Channel: Relaxing Soundzzz
royal william rc sailing ship
royal william rc sailing ship
Published: 2011/09/28
Channel: yancovitchvic
Container ship sails straight to shore by university football field
Container ship sails straight to shore by university football field
Published: 2014/04/06
Channel: Corinne Vigniel
Afraid of Heights? Tall Ship Setting Sails Seen From Atop Masts
Afraid of Heights? Tall Ship Setting Sails Seen From Atop Masts
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: Tall Sky
Sailing into the wind
Sailing into the wind
Published: 2014/03/01
Channel: CuriosityShow
World
World's Biggest Sailing Ship
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: That's Entertainment
Sailing Ships at Beal Park
Sailing Ships at Beal Park
Published: 2010/10/08
Channel: gsmithdsl
Sailing Ship Battles Through an Atlantic Storm, 1938 - Film 95221
Sailing Ship Battles Through an Atlantic Storm, 1938 - Film 95221
Published: 2016/02/19
Channel: HuntleyFilmArchives
Ship sailing in rough sea
Ship sailing in rough sea
Published: 2016/07/18
Channel: d s v reddy
Solar Ship Sails Around the World
Solar Ship Sails Around the World
Published: 2012/12/13
Channel: Link TV
whitesnake - sailing ships
whitesnake - sailing ships
Published: 2006/05/18
Channel: AVCO1972
The Sailing Ship
The Sailing Ship
Published: 2014/11/06
Channel: The Cryan' Shames - Topic
Phil Wickham - "Sailing on a Ship" w/ Lyrics
Phil Wickham - "Sailing on a Ship" w/ Lyrics
Published: 2012/07/17
Channel: liveloved33
Pirate Sailing Ship - Paper Crafts For Kids
Pirate Sailing Ship - Paper Crafts For Kids
Published: 2017/04/15
Channel: Patsy Greenway
LUCIA OOSTENDE SINKING SAILING SHIP BOAT
LUCIA OOSTENDE SINKING SAILING SHIP BOAT
Published: 2008/07/22
Channel: Vincent Wynen
Sailing the Caribbean on a small ship cruise with Adventure Life
Sailing the Caribbean on a small ship cruise with Adventure Life
Published: 2013/05/09
Channel: Adventure Life
Mr. Peters Sailing Ship
Mr. Peters Sailing Ship
Published: 2014/10/25
Channel: Hawkbow
BeamNG drive - Sailing Ship Assaulted by Cars and Trucks
BeamNG drive - Sailing Ship Assaulted by Cars and Trucks
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Car Pal
Sailing Ships Whitesnake Cover
Sailing Ships Whitesnake Cover
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: Maria Elia
big Sailing Ship at sail festival
big Sailing Ship at sail festival
Published: 2013/05/19
Channel: Lernvideos und Vorträge
EPIC SAILING SHIP! LEEDSICHTHYS ATTACKS OUR BOAT! - Ark: Survival Plus [Gameplay E14]
EPIC SAILING SHIP! LEEDSICHTHYS ATTACKS OUR BOAT! - Ark: Survival Plus [Gameplay E14]
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: Syntac
Freddie Mcgregor - Big Ship Sailing
Freddie Mcgregor - Big Ship Sailing
Published: 2010/03/12
Channel: devagne
Big Container Ship Sailing On Sea
Big Container Ship Sailing On Sea
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: Cars & Wheels
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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ARC Gloria, a three-masted barque and Colombian Navy training ship, at sunset in Cartagena

A sailing ship or sailship is any large wind-powered vessel.

A "ship-rigged" sailing ship is a sailing vessel that carries three or more masts with square sails on each.[1] Large sailing vessels that are not ship-rigged may be more precisely referred to by their sail rig, such as schooner, barque (also spelled "bark"), brig, barkentine, brigantine or sloop.[2]

Characteristics[edit]

USS Constitution under sail in Massachusetts Bay, 21 July 1997. Nicknamed "Old Ironsides," the frigate became famous in the War of 1812 when British cannonballs bounced off her oak hull. She is the oldest commissioned warship still afloat, and is open to the public in Charlestown, Massachusetts.[3]

There are many different types of sailing ships, but they all have certain basic things in common. Every sailing ship has a hull, rigging and at least one mast to hold up the sails that use the wind to power the ship.

The crew who sail a ship are called sailors or hands. They take turns to take the watch, the active managers of the ship and her performance for a period. Watches are traditionally four hours long. Some sailing ships use traditional ship's bells to tell the time and regulate the watch system, with the bell being rung once for every half hour into the watch and rung eight times at watch end (a four-hour watch).[4][5]

Ocean journeys by sailing ship can take many months, and a common hazard is becoming becalmed because of lack of wind, or being blown off course by severe storms or winds that do not allow progress in the desired direction. A severe storm could lead to shipwreck, and the loss of all hands.

Sailing ships are limited in their maximum size compared to ships with heat engines, so economies of scale are also limited. The heaviest sailing ships (limited to those vessels for which sails were the primary means of propulsion) never exceeded 14,000 tons displacement. Sailing ships are therefore also very limited in the supply capacity of their holds, so they have to plan long voyages carefully to include many stops to take on provisions and, in the days before watermakers, fresh water.

Types of sailing ships[edit]

There are many types of sailing ships, mostly distinguished by their rigging, hull, keel, or number and configuration of masts. There are also many types of smaller sailboats not listed here.[6] The following is a list of vessel types, many of which have changed in meaning over time:

Automated sailing[edit]

In 1902 the sailing vessel Preussen was the first to assist handling of sails by making use of steam power without auxiliary engines for propulsion. The steam power was used to drive the winches, hoists and pumps. A similar ship Kruzenshtern, a very large sailing vessel without mechanical assists, had a crew of 257 men, compared to the Preussen, which required only 48 men.[7]

In 2006, automated control had been taken to the point where sails could be operated by one person using a central control unit, DynaRig. The DynaRig technology was first developed in the 1960s in Germany by W. Prolls as a propulsion alternative for commercial ships to prepare for a possible future energy crisis. The technology is a high-tech version of the same type of sail used by the Preussen, the "square-rigger". The main difference is that the yards do not swing around a fixed mast but are rigidly attached to a rotating mast. DynaRig along with extensive computerization was used in the proof-of-concept Maltese Falcon to enable it to be sailed with no crew aloft.[7]

As of 2013, with increasing restrictions on use of bunker fuel, attempts were underway to develop hybrid sailing ships using automated sail and alternative fuels.[8]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quiller-Couch, Arthur Thomas (1895). The Story of the Sea. 1. Cassell and Company. p. 760. 
  2. ^ Parker, Dana T. Square Riggers in the United States and Canada, pp. 6-7, Transportation Trails, Polo, IL, 1994. ISBN 0-933449-19-4.
  3. ^ Parker, Dana T. Square Riggers in the United States and Canada, p. 12, Transportation Trails, Polo, IL, 1994. ISBN 0-933449-19-4.
  4. ^ Tony Gray. "Workshop Hints: Ship's Bells". The British Horological Institute. Archived from the original on 9 November 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  5. ^ "Ship's Bell". National Maritime Museum. Archived from the original on 9 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  6. ^ "Classes and Equipment". International Sailing Federation. Retrieved 17 June 2011. 
  7. ^ a b lowtechmagazine.com - Sailing at the touch of a button, 2009-04-13
  8. ^ Robert Wall (July 10, 2013). "Rolls-Royce Revives Age of Sail to Beat Fuel-Cost Surge: Freight". Bloomberg. Retrieved July 11, 2013. Cargo vessels are set for a design change embracing sleeker hulls and hybrid propulsion systems, according to London-based Rolls, which is helping to develop a ship featuring a 180-foot sail augmented by bio-methane engines and carrying 4,500 tons 
  9. ^ Parker, Dana T. Square Riggers in the United States and Canada, p. 59, Transportation Trails, Polo, IL, 1994. ISBN 0-933449-19-4.
  10. ^ "Cutty Sark," Royal Museums Greenwich Web site (http://www.rmg.co.uk/cuttysark). Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  11. ^ Parker, Dana T. Square Riggers in the United States and Canada, p. 45, Transportation Trails, Polo, IL, 1994. ISBN 0-933449-19-4.
  12. ^ Parker, Dana T. Square Riggers in the United States and Canada, p. 25, Transportation Trails, Polo, IL, 1994. ISBN 0-933449-19-4.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Sailing ships at Wikimedia Commons

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