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Mining for Salt | How to Make Everything
Mining for Salt | How to Make Everything
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: How To Make Everything
HowStuffWorks - Dry Salt Mining
HowStuffWorks - Dry Salt Mining
Published: 2009/04/14
Channel: Discovery
underground salt mine.
underground salt mine.
Published: 2013/05/14
Channel: EarthmoversWorks
World
World's Toughest Jobs: Salt Miner | National Geographic
Published: 2007/06/14
Channel: National Geographic
Trump Saltmining Inc.
Trump Saltmining Inc.
Published: 2016/11/11
Channel: Sargon of Akkad
From Salt Mine to Subterranean Theme Park
From Salt Mine to Subterranean Theme Park
Published: 2017/09/22
Channel: Great Big Story
The world
The world's largest salt mine
Published: 2014/08/15
Channel: Toronto Star
Himalayan Salt Cutting process
Himalayan Salt Cutting process
Published: 2015/02/25
Channel: Folk Market
Khewra Salt Mine and Origin of Pink Himalayan Salt - A natural asthma treatment
Khewra Salt Mine and Origin of Pink Himalayan Salt - A natural asthma treatment
Published: 2013/05/16
Channel: himalayansaltlamps
Salt mine keeps Goderich alive
Salt mine keeps Goderich alive
Published: 2015/07/08
Channel: The National
SALT MINES Guerrero Negro Baja California Mexico 09 Alfonso Jimenez
SALT MINES Guerrero Negro Baja California Mexico 09 Alfonso Jimenez
Published: 2009/11/15
Channel: alfonso jimenez
Khewra Salt Mines (PTV)
Khewra Salt Mines (PTV)
Published: 2011/12/08
Channel: hassanhayatkhan
Ohio salt miners relishing harsh winter weather
Ohio salt miners relishing harsh winter weather
Published: 2014/02/27
Channel: CBS Evening News
Meepo goes salt mining in EU West (feat. Sheepsticked) Dota 2
Meepo goes salt mining in EU West (feat. Sheepsticked) Dota 2
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: mid or meepo
Great Lakes Today - Lake Erie Salt Mine on Newsdepth 12-8
Great Lakes Today - Lake Erie Salt Mine on Newsdepth 12-8
Published: 2016/12/12
Channel: Elizabeth Miller
Salt Mine Documentary: History Of Salt Mining - Classic Docs
Salt Mine Documentary: History Of Salt Mining - Classic Docs
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: ClassicDocs
Ethiopia
Ethiopia's Extreme Salt Mines - Danakil Depression, Afar Desert
Published: 2015/12/19
Channel: Jiri VonDrak
Ethiopia - Salt mining by the Afar people in the Danakil
Ethiopia - Salt mining by the Afar people in the Danakil
Published: 2014/03/24
Channel: Jan van Bekkum
Discovery How Stuff Works : Salt
Discovery How Stuff Works : Salt
Published: 2013/04/16
Channel: Manu John
Northernlion
Northernlion's Salt Mines
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: Mozumin
Kripp - 2 Hour Salt Compilation [A Year of Salt Mining] Full Season 6 [Ep. 51 - 60]
Kripp - 2 Hour Salt Compilation [A Year of Salt Mining] Full Season 6 [Ep. 51 - 60]
Published: 2017/07/19
Channel: Salt Chronicles - Hearthstone Arena
Khewra Salt Mines Trip Jhelum Pakistan
Khewra Salt Mines Trip Jhelum Pakistan
Published: 2017/05/28
Channel: Desi Tv
Welcome to the Salt Mines
Welcome to the Salt Mines
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: Savjz
Abandoned Salt Mine In Russia Is As Beautiful As It Is Terrifying
Abandoned Salt Mine In Russia Is As Beautiful As It Is Terrifying
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: Did You Know ?
The Danakil Depression : Salt mining in one of the hottest places on earth
The Danakil Depression : Salt mining in one of the hottest places on earth
Published: 2017/04/29
Channel: Al Jazeera English
The Strataca Salt Mine
The Strataca Salt Mine
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: Haunting History
Khewra Salt Mines - World Second Largest Salt Mine - Pakistan | Highlights
Khewra Salt Mines - World Second Largest Salt Mine - Pakistan | Highlights
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: Creative Tourist
Oil Driller Breaches Salt Mine Under Louisana Lake
Oil Driller Breaches Salt Mine Under Louisana Lake
Published: 2007/05/25
Channel: Michael Freudiger
Exploring the salt mines of Star Citizen 3.0
Exploring the salt mines of Star Citizen 3.0
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: Phsyro Day-to-Day
Salt of the Earth: Sicily
Salt of the Earth: Sicily's Holy Mine
Published: 2016/10/26
Channel: Great Big Story
Salt Mining Underground 1958
Salt Mining Underground 1958
Published: 2008/10/11
Channel: markdcatlin
Salt: From Mine To Your Street
Salt: From Mine To Your Street
Published: 2015/02/06
Channel: CBS Chicago
GSNI Salt mining
GSNI Salt mining
Published: 2015/11/25
Channel: British Geological Survey
Salt Mining - For Honor
Salt Mining - For Honor
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Green Potion Studios
Wieliczka salt mine: Underground Salt Cathedral of Poland
Wieliczka salt mine: Underground Salt Cathedral of Poland
Published: 2012/09/24
Channel: Mat Siems
Poland - Wieliczka Salt Mine
Poland - Wieliczka Salt Mine
Published: 2012/01/29
Channel: Sandalsand M
Salt miners being eaten alive by their jobs
Salt miners being eaten alive by their jobs
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: AP Archive
Inspection of an Ontario Salt Mine | Inspection d’une mine de sel en Ontario
Inspection of an Ontario Salt Mine | Inspection d’une mine de sel en Ontario
Published: 2016/12/22
Channel: ONgov
HALLSTATT - Going Down the Salt Mine (Salzwelten)
HALLSTATT - Going Down the Salt Mine (Salzwelten)
Published: 2008/04/07
Channel: grindelwaldprods
The Salt Mines of Poland
The Salt Mines of Poland
Published: 2015/07/22
Channel: travelpulse
Salt Mining Avery Island 2002
Salt Mining Avery Island 2002
Published: 2015/06/16
Channel: Darrell Baudoin
Abandoned Salt Mine 1200 Feet Under Detroit Is The Size Of An Entire City
Abandoned Salt Mine 1200 Feet Under Detroit Is The Size Of An Entire City
Published: 2017/08/22
Channel: Factosiya
Lake Peigneur Salt Mine drilling accident
Lake Peigneur Salt Mine drilling accident
Published: 2011/08/07
Channel: JustMining
Salina Turda (Salt Mines) of Turda, Romania
Salina Turda (Salt Mines) of Turda, Romania
Published: 2016/03/09
Channel: Jeffery Foster
Khewra Salt Mine: The Origin of Himalayan Salt
Khewra Salt Mine: The Origin of Himalayan Salt
Published: 2015/03/17
Channel: thehimalayansaltlampstore
Salt Mines in Austria
Salt Mines in Austria
Published: 2012/02/24
Channel: Krissy Ellsworth
For Honor: salt mine
For Honor: salt mine
Published: 2017/02/16
Channel: Sqwant Squint
The Salt Mines of LTG
The Salt Mines of LTG
Published: 2015/09/07
Channel: ssf4fanatic
Redmond Salt Mine - America
Redmond Salt Mine - America's Heartland
Published: 2009/11/05
Channel: America's Heartland
Lake Peigneur sinkhole disaster
Lake Peigneur sinkhole disaster
Published: 2008/12/05
Channel: Tebbie85
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Modern rock-salt mine near Mount Morris, New York

A salt mine is a mine from which halite, commonly known as rock salt, is extracted from evaporite formations.[1]

Mining regions[edit]

The Crystal Valley region of the Khewra Salt Mines in Pakistan. With around 250,000 visitors a year, the site is a major tourist attraction.
A small mosque made of salt bricks inside the Khewra Salt Mines complex

Areas known for their salt mines include:

Country Site/s
Australia Adelaide Oval mining complex, North Adelaide.
Austria Hallstatt and Salzkammergut.
Bosnia Tuzla
Bulgaria Provadiya; and Solnitsata, an ancient town believed by Bulgarian archaeologists to be the oldest in Europe and the site of a salt production facility approximately six millennia ago.[2]
Canada Sifto Salt Mine in Goderich, Ontario, which, at 1.5 miles (2.4 km) wide and 2 miles (3.2 km) long,[3] is one of the largest salt mines in the world extending 7 km2 (2.7 sq mi) .[4]
Colombia Zipaquirá
England The "-wich towns" of Cheshire and Worcestershire.
Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti Danakil Desert, where manual labor is used.[5]
Germany Rheinberg, Berchtesgaden, Heilbronn
Italy Racalmuto, Realmonte and Petralia Soprana[6] within the production sites managed by Italkali.
Morocco JMS salt mine in Khemisset.
N. Ireland Kilroot, near Carrickfergus, more than a century old and containing passages whose combined length exceeds 25 km.
Pakistan Khewra Salt Mines, the world's second largest salt-mining operation, spanning over 300 km.
Poland Wieliczka and Bochnia, both established in the mid-13th century and still operating, mostly as museums. Kłodawa Salt Mine.
Romania Slănic (with Salina Veche, Europe's largest salt mine), Cacica, Ocnele Mari, Salina Turda, Târgu Ocna, Ocna Sibiului, Praid and Salina Ocna Dej.
Russia Solikamsk
United States
  • Hutchinson, Kansas, Underground mining began at Hutchinson in 1923. In 1990 the Hutchinson Salt Company was formed and purchased the mine.
  • Avery Island, Louisiana;
  • Detroit, Michigan, 1,100 feet (340 m) beneath which the Detroit Salt Company's 1,500-acre (10 km2) subterranean complex extends;[7]
  • Saltville, Virginia, which served as the site of one of the Confederacy's main saltworks.
  • Western New York and Central New York, location of American Rock Salt, the largest operating salt mine in the United States with a capacity for producing up to 18,000 tons each day.[8] Syracuse earned the nickname "The Salt City" for its salt mining, an activity that continues in the region to the present day.[9]

Houston, Texas, near Minute Maid Park is a newly discovered saltworks. Grand Saline in East Texas has a Morton Salt mine. It is one of the largest in the world.

History[edit]

Diorama of an underground salt mine in Germany.
Inside Salina Veche, Europe's largest salt mine, in Slănic, Prahova, Romania. The railing (lower middle) gives the viewer an idea of scale.

Before the advent of the internal combustion engine and earth moving equipment, mining salt was one of the most expensive and dangerous of operations, due to rapid dehydration caused by constant contact with the salt (both in the mine passages and scattered in the air as salt dust), among other problems borne of accidental excessive sodium intake. While salt is now plentiful, until the Industrial Revolution it was difficult to come by, and salt mining was often done by slave or prison labor and life expectancy among those sentenced was low. In ancient Rome, salt on the table was a mark of a rich patron; those who sat nearer the host were "above the salt", and those less favored were "below the salt". The Roman historian Pliny the Elder stated as an aside in his Natural History's discussion of sea water, that "[I]n Rome ... the soldier's pay was originally salt and the word 'salary' derives from it ..."[10]

Even as recently as the 20th century, salt mining became a form of punishment enforced in totalitarian states, like the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany.[citation needed]

Most modern salt mines are privately operated or operated by large multinational companies such K+S, AkzoNobel, Cargill, and Compass Minerals.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Oilfield Glossary: Term 'evaporite'". Glossary.oilfield.slb.com. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  2. ^ Maugh II, Thomas H. (1 November 2012). "Bulgarians find oldest European town, a salt production center". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Industries in Godrich". Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-08. 
  4. ^ "CBC-TV - Geologic Journey - Goderich, Ontario and Detroit Michigan". CBC 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Salt mine in the Danakil Depression in Ethiopia, 2015". Independent Travellers. independent-travellers.com. Retrieved July 14, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Italkali Spa - Production Sites" (online). Retrieved 2011-05-09. 
  7. ^ "The Detroit Salt Company -- Explore the City under the City" (online). Retrieved 2008-02-08. 
  8. ^ Spector, Joseph (13 Jan 2015). "American Rock Salt to expand in LIvingston". Democrat and Chronicle. Retrieved 20 July 2015. 
  9. ^ "All 17 Cargill Salt Miners Trapped on Underground Elevator Freed". NBC News. January 7, 2016. Retrieved January 7, 2016. 
  10. ^ "''Plinius Naturalis Historia XXXI.''". Penelope.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 

External links[edit]

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