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Fa'a-Samoa: The Samoan Way
Published: 2011/11/29
Channel: Gary B. Smith
Life on a Samoan Island
Life on a Samoan Island
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: Maletina Timoteo
Samoa Travel Guide - Must-See Attractions
Samoa Travel Guide - Must-See Attractions
Published: 2013/05/31
Channel: BookingHunterTV
SAMOA, touring the spectacular island of MANONO (PACIFIC OCEAN)
SAMOA, touring the spectacular island of MANONO (PACIFIC OCEAN)
Published: 2016/05/23
Channel: Vic Stefanu - World Travels and Adventures
Samoa - This is the life!
Samoa - This is the life!
Published: 2015/05/28
Channel: Up An Adam!
My first trip to the islands - FIJI , SAMOA & AMERICAN SAMOA 🌴 January 2017
My first trip to the islands - FIJI , SAMOA & AMERICAN SAMOA 🌴 January 2017
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: Faaea
The Fattest Place on Earth
The Fattest Place on Earth
Published: 2011/01/08
Channel: The Young Turks
Welcome to Samoa
Welcome to Samoa
Published: 2014/11/24
Channel: EziBro Juice Bar SAMOA
SECRET REVEALED:Why  Pacific Island People perfect for Rugby.
SECRET REVEALED:Why Pacific Island People perfect for Rugby.
Published: 2016/02/18
Channel: BloodGRASS Media
10 Days in Samoa - Island Adventure!
10 Days in Samoa - Island Adventure!
Published: 2016/11/02
Channel: Raw Cinematics
Traditional and modern tattoos popular on island
Traditional and modern tattoos popular on island
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: AP Archive
Living the dream on a Pacific Island - Samoa - Travel
Living the dream on a Pacific Island - Samoa - Travel
Published: 2012/10/24
Channel: Damiana Fortini
Island of Samoa PCC Hawaii
Island of Samoa PCC Hawaii
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: thevideomakerman
why Samoans dominate the NFL- "The secret is an Island"
why Samoans dominate the NFL- "The secret is an Island"
Published: 2015/06/08
Channel: Henry Masaniai
SAMOA, what to see around its beautiful capital APIA
SAMOA, what to see around its beautiful capital APIA
Published: 2015/09/29
Channel: Vic Stefanu - World Travels and Adventures
Samoan Islands Dances at the Pasifika Townsville 2016 - Part One
Samoan Islands Dances at the Pasifika Townsville 2016 - Part One
Published: 2016/12/30
Channel: Santhush de Silva Mohotti
Samoan Islands Dances at the Pasifika Townsville 2016 - Part Two
Samoan Islands Dances at the Pasifika Townsville 2016 - Part Two
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: Santhush de Silva Mohotti
Island Eating - Samoa Pt 1
Island Eating - Samoa Pt 1
Published: 2014/05/04
Channel: TheCoconetTV
SAMOA, the spectacular volcanic Aganoa Black Sand Beach (island of Upolu)
SAMOA, the spectacular volcanic Aganoa Black Sand Beach (island of Upolu)
Published: 2016/02/22
Channel: Vic Stefanu - World Travels and Adventures
The Original People of the Samoa Islands
The Original People of the Samoa Islands
Published: 2017/05/13
Channel: Thee Original American
Island Vines - Samoa American Mormons Speak Samoan
Island Vines - Samoa American Mormons Speak Samoan
Published: 2015/12/30
Channel: Pride of the Pacific
the Island of Samoa
the Island of Samoa
Published: 2012/03/25
Channel: SAMOANdEViLdOG
Samoa Islands 2016 (from Moana Audio)
Samoa Islands 2016 (from Moana Audio)
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: ValenOz Pardi
American Samoa
American Samoa
Published: 2015/11/09
Channel: Jenly Chen
The Laughing Samoans - "Island Time" from Fresh Off Da Blane
The Laughing Samoans - "Island Time" from Fresh Off Da Blane
Published: 2014/12/18
Channel: The Laughing Samoans
Island eating - Samoa Part 2
Island eating - Samoa Part 2
Published: 2014/05/04
Channel: TheCoconetTV
AMERICAN SAMOA 1931 TRAVELOGUE TUTUILA  COPRA HARVEST 46374
AMERICAN SAMOA 1931 TRAVELOGUE TUTUILA COPRA HARVEST 46374
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
The Island Of Samoa   (1967)
The Island Of Samoa (1967)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
The beautiful Island of Samoa
The beautiful Island of Samoa
Published: 2016/05/30
Channel: Pure Ocean Samoa
Landing in American Samoa Islands - Pago Pago Intl.
Landing in American Samoa Islands - Pago Pago Intl.
Published: 2015/06/07
Channel: mgairbus
Samoan Islands=TRENT
Samoan Islands=TRENT
Published: 2014/05/06
Channel: richbear58
Pasifika Festival Townsville 2015 - Part Four - Samoan Islands Dances
Pasifika Festival Townsville 2015 - Part Four - Samoan Islands Dances
Published: 2015/11/28
Channel: Santhush de Silva Mohotti
Samoan Island Tsunami 2009
Samoan Island Tsunami 2009
Published: 2009/09/30
Channel: rawtsunami
Samoan Islands
Samoan Islands
Published: 2015/01/06
Channel: RG Buchholz
How To Marry an Island Princess (Samoan Edition)
How To Marry an Island Princess (Samoan Edition)
Published: 2015/09/14
Channel: TheCoconetTV
Tornado seen Manu
Tornado seen Manu'a Islands American Samoa
Published: 2015/01/25
Channel: Ituau Malosi
Aunuu Island, American Samoa
Aunuu Island, American Samoa
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: DivePlanIt
SAMOA, exclusive tour of the remote volcanic island of APOLIMA
SAMOA, exclusive tour of the remote volcanic island of APOLIMA
Published: 2015/11/09
Channel: Vic Stefanu - World Travels and Adventures
Football Players from the Samoa Islands
Football Players from the Samoa Islands
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: 11timv
SAMOAN RAPPER SAVAGE - I LOVE THE ISLANDS (MUSIC VIDEO)
SAMOAN RAPPER SAVAGE - I LOVE THE ISLANDS (MUSIC VIDEO)
Published: 2009/11/11
Channel: SacTownUso
The Laughing Samoans - "Island Time - Sinarella" from Fink About It
The Laughing Samoans - "Island Time - Sinarella" from Fink About It
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: The Laughing Samoans
Moments in the SAMOAN Islands
Moments in the SAMOAN Islands
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: Jonas Cachau-Herreillat
SAMOA The Island lifestyle
SAMOA The Island lifestyle
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: Ben Mikha
A Cook Island Prince marries his Samoan Princess
A Cook Island Prince marries his Samoan Princess
Published: 2014/08/17
Channel: chocajoe
Deadly tsunami strikes Samoan islands - 30 Sept 09
Deadly tsunami strikes Samoan islands - 30 Sept 09
Published: 2009/09/30
Channel: Al Jazeera English
Tsunami Devastates Samoan Islands
Tsunami Devastates Samoan Islands
Published: 2009/09/30
Channel: NTDTV
American Samoa Beautiful view
American Samoa Beautiful view
Published: 2011/11/23
Channel: Mifi Telea
Samoa island tour - Upolu, Apia, Eggie Grey
Samoa island tour - Upolu, Apia, Eggie Grey's, waterfalls and church
Published: 2011/07/29
Channel: ThomasMajchrzak
Giovanni Marradi ~ Island Samoa
Giovanni Marradi ~ Island Samoa
Published: 2014/03/11
Channel: Ki-Sha Daimyo
Cyclone "EVAN" Slashes through The Samoan Islands
Cyclone "EVAN" Slashes through The Samoan Islands
Published: 2012/12/14
Channel: United Samoan Church
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Samoan Islands
Olosega Aerial AKK.jpg
Above: Olosega island in the Manu'a group, eastern Samoa Islands. Below: out-of-date map of the Samoan Islands (the International Date Line crosses between Samoa and American Samoa as of December 29, 2011)
Samoa islands 2002.gif
Geography
Location Polynesia
Area 3,030 km2 (1,170 sq mi)
Highest elevation 1,858 m (6,096 ft)
Highest point Mauga Silisili
Administration
Largest settlement Apia (pop. 38,800)
Largest settlement Tafuna (pop. pop. 9,756)
Demographics
Population 249,839 (2012)

The Samoan Islands are an archipelago covering 3,030 km2 (1,170 sq mi) in the central South Pacific, forming part of Polynesia and the wider region of Oceania. Administratively, the archipelago comprises all of Samoa and most of American Samoa (apart from Swains Island, which is part of the Tokelau Islands). The two Samoan jurisdictions are separated by 64 km of ocean.

The population of the Samoan Islands is approximately 250,000,[1] sharing a common language, Samoan, a culture, known as fa'a Samoa and an indigenous form of governance called fa'amatai.[2]

Most Samoans are full-blooded and are one of the largest Polynesian populations in the world.[3]

The oldest evidence of human activity in the Samoan Islands dates to around 1050 BCE. This comes from a Lapita site at Mulifanua wharf on Upolu island.[4]

In 1768, the eastern islands were visited by French explorer Bougainville, who named them the Navigator Islands, a name used by missionaries until about 1845 and in official European dispatches until about 1870.[5]

Samoa and American Samoa[edit]

German, British and American warships in Apia harbour, 1899.

Politically the two jurisdictions of the Samoa Islands are;

Political partition[edit]

In the late 1800s, rivalry between the United States, Germany, and the United Kingdom resulted in the Tripartite Convention (1899) that formally partitioned the Samoan archipelago into a German colony (German Samoa) and a United States territory (American Samoa). Forerunners to the Tripartite Convention of 1899 were the Washington Conference of 1887, the Treaty of Berlin of 1889, and the Anglo-German Agreement on Samoa of 1899. New Zealand occupied the German colony through 1920, then governed the western islands until independence in 1962 as a (1) League of Nations Class C Mandate[6] and (2) United Nations Trust Territory after 1946. The pro-independence Mau movement across the islands eventually led to the political independence of the western islands from New Zealand in 1962 while the eastern islands, American Samoa, remains a political territory of the United States.[7]

Islands[edit]

Samoa[edit]

Map of Samoa
  • Upolu, population 134,400 (2001), most populous island in the group.
  • Savai'i, population 43,142 (2006), largest landmass and most western in the group, most recent volcanic eruptions Mt Matavanu (1905–1911); Mata o le Afi (1902); Mauga Afi (approximately 1725).
  • Manono, population 889 (2006)
  • Apolima, population 75 (2006)
  • Fanuatapu, uninhabited, volcanic tuff ring.
  • Namua, uninhabited, has beach fale accommodation for visitors, viewed from Lalomanu beach.
  • Nu'ulopa, uninhabited, lies in the Apolima Strait between Upolu and Savai'i.
  • Nu'ulua, uninhabited, volcanic tuff ring, land area 25 hectares, conservation habitat for endemic native birdlife.[8]
  • Nu'usafe'e, uninhabited, tiny rocky islet off the south coast of Upolu by the village of Poutasi.
  • Nu'utele, uninhabited, volcanic tuff ring, conservation for native birdlife, also viewed from popular Lalomanu beach.

The islands of Manono, Apolima and Nu'ulopa lie in the Apolima Strait between Upolu and Savai'i. The four small uninhabited islands Nu'utele, Nu'ulua, Namua and Fanuatapu are situated off the east coast of Upolu and comprise the Aleipata Islands.

American Samoa[edit]

Map of American Samoa
  • Tutuila, population 55,876 (2000 census), main island in the territory.
  • Aunu'u, population 476 (2000 census), located south east of Tutuila.
  • Ta'ū, population 873 (2000 census), largest island in Manu'a Group
  • Ofu‑Olosega, volcanic doublet comprising Ofu (population 289, census 2000) and Olosega (population 216, census 2000), in the Manu'a Group of islands.
  • Rose Atoll also known as Motu o Manu, conservation habitat for native birdlife, marine life, green turtle and endangered hawksbill turtle.
  • Swains Island, politically administered by American Samoa but culturally part of Tokelau, copra plantation.

Location[edit]

Young man dressed as a manaia, the son of a Samoan chief (matai), circa 1890–1910. (photo by Thomas Andrew)

The islands are approximately 800 km (500 mi) from Fiji, 530 km (330 mi) from Tonga, 2,900 km (1,800 mi) from New Zealand, and 4,000 km (2,500 mi) from Hawaii, U.S.A.[9]

The islands lies between 13° and 14° south latitude and 169° and 173° west longitude, about 480 km (300 mi) from west to east.

The larger islands are volcanic in origin, mountainous, and covered in tropical moist forest. Some of the smaller islands are coral atolls with black sand beaches.

Highest points[edit]

The highest peak is Mt. Silisili, on the island of Savai'i, one of the highest peaks in Polynesia at 1858 m.[10] The highest point in American Samoa is on Ta’u, Lata Mountain, at 966 m (3,169 ft).

Landmass[edit]

The two large islands of Upolu and Savai'i in Samoa, are among the largest of Polynesian islands, at 1,718 km2 (663 sq mi) and 1,125 km2 (434 sq mi), respectively,[11] exceeded in size only by the two main islands of Fiji and the Hawaiian islands of Hawaiʻi and Maui. The island of Upolu is more populated than Savai'i.

The next largest island is Tutuila, where the city and harbor Pago Pago (population 3,519 in 1990) is located. Tutuila is much smaller than Upolu and Savai‘i at 136.2 km2 (52.6 sq mi) in area, but it is the largest island in American Samoa. The highest peak on Tutuila is Matafao Peak.

Smaller islands in the archipelago include the three islets (Manono Island, Apolima and Nu'ulopa) in the Apolima Strait between Savai'i and Upolu; the four Aleipata Islands off the eastern end of Upolu (Nu'utele, Nu'ulua, Namua, and Fanuatapu); and Nu‘usafe‘e.[12] Aunu'u is a small island off the eastern end of Tutuila. To the east of Tutuila, the Manu'a group comprises Ofu, Olosega, and Ta’u. An uninhabited coral atoll, Rose Atoll, is the southernmost point in the territory of the United States. Another coral atoll, Swains Island, is within the territory of American Samoa but is geographically distant from the Samoan archipelago.[13]

Geology[edit]

Diagram showing how islands are formed by hotspots

A possible model for the formation of the volcanic Samoa island chain is explained by the Samoa hotspot situated at the east end of the Samoa Islands. In theory, the Samoa hotspot is a result of the Pacific Tectonic Plate moving over a 'fixed' deep and narrow mantle plume spewing up through the Earth's crust. The Samoa islands generally lie in a straight line, east to west, in the same direction the Plate is moving. In the classic hotspot model, primarily based on studies of the Hawaii hotspot, the volcanic islands and seamounts further away from the Samoa hotspot should be progressively older. However, Savai'i, the most western of the Samoa island chain, and Ta'u Island, the most eastern of the Samoa islands, both erupted in the last century, data which is an enigma for scientists.[14] Another discrepancy in the data from the Samoa islands is that subaerial rock samples from Savai'i, the most western of the islands, were too young by several million years to fit the classic hotspot model of age progression in an island chain, raising arguments among scientists that the Samoa islands does not have a plume origin. The nearness of the island chain to the Tonga Trench at the south became a possible explanation for these discrepancies as well as the possibility that the islands were formed by magma seeping through cracks in stressed fracture zones. However, in 2005, an international team gathered further submarine samples from the deep flanks and rifts of Savai'i. Tests on these later samples showed much older ages, about five million years old, that fit the hotspot model.[15]

2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami[edit]

Tonga Trench south of the Samoa Islands and north of New Zealand.

The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami killed more than 170 people in the Samoa Islands and Tonga. The M8.1 submarine earthquake took place in the region at 06:48:11 local time on September 29, 2009 (17:48:11 UTC, September 29), followed by smaller aftershocks.[16] It was the largest earthquake of 2009. The quake occurred on the outer rise of the Kermadec-Tonga Subduction Zone. This is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, where tectonic plates in the Earth's lithosphere meet and earthquakes and volcanic activity are common.

Vailulu'u Seamount[edit]

The Vailulu'u Seamount, an active submerged volcano, lies 45 km east of Ta'u in American Samoa. It was discovered in 1975 and has since been studied by an international team of scientists, contributing towards understanding of the Earth's fundamental processes.[17] Growing inside the summit crater of Va'ilulu'u is an active underwater volcanic cone, named after Samoa's goddess of war, Nafanua.

Climate[edit]

The climate is tropical, with a rainy season from November to April. The island group is frequently hit by tropical cyclones between December and March, due to its positioning in the South Pacific Ocean.[18]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.polynesia.com/polynesian_culture/samoa/index.html#.VWfU0hDF9Hg
  2. ^ Fana'afi Le Tagaloa, Aiono (1986). "Western Samoa: the sacred covenant". Land Rights of Pacific Women. Institute of Pacific Studies of the University of the South Pacific. p. 103. ISBN 982-02-0012-1. Retrieved 17 April 2010. 
  3. ^ Stanley, David (2004). Moon Handbooks: South Pacific. ISBN 1-56691-411-6. Retrieved 20 June 2010. 
  4. ^ "New Information for the Ferry Berth Site, Mulifanua, Western Samoa by Roger C. Green & Helen M. Leach". 98 (3, 1989). Journal of the Polynesian Society. Retrieved 22 April 2010. 
  5. ^ Masterman, Sylvia (1934). The Origins of International Rivalry in Samoa: 1845–1884. George Allen and Unwin Ltd, London. p. 14. 
  6. ^ date of ratification by the League of Nations was 10 January 1920; Class C mandates were designed for populations considered incapable of self-government
  7. ^ "The rise of the Mau movement". NZ History online. Retrieved 30 June 2010. 
  8. ^ "issg Database: Distribution Details for Rattus exulans". 
  9. ^ Robert, Kiste (1993–2002). "Microsoft Encarta Reference Library 2003". Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation. 60210-442-1635445-74407.  |contribution= ignored (help)
  10. ^ Pratt, H. Douglas; et al. (1987). The Birds of Hawaii and the Tropical Pacific. Princeton University Press. pp. 16–18. ISBN 0-691-02399-9. 
  11. ^ Craig, P. (ed.). "Natural History Guide to American Samoa" (PDF). National Park of American Samoa, Department Marine and Wildlife Resources, American Samoa Community College. Retrieved 16 August 2009. 
  12. ^ "Samoa an Overview". donbosco.asn.au. Archived from the original on 2007-11-20. Retrieved 2007-11-26. 
  13. ^ "Microsoft Encarta Reference Library 2003". Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation. 1993–2002. 60210-442-1635445-74407.  |contribution= ignored (help)
  14. ^ Lippsett, Laurence (3 September 2009). "Voyage to Vailulu'u". Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Retrieved 19 April 2010. 
  15. ^ Hart, S.R., Koppers, A. A.; Russell, J. A.; Staudigel, H. (2006). "New 40Ar/39Ar Ages for Savai'i Island Reinstate Samoa as a Hotspot Trail with a Linear Age Progression". The Smithsonian/NASA Astrophysics Data System. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2006, abstract #V34B-02. Retrieved 19 April 2010. 
  16. ^ "Magnitude 8.1 – SAMOA ISLANDS REGION". earthquake.usgs.gov. 2009-09-29. Retrieved 22 April 2010. 
  17. ^ Hart, S. R.; et al. (8 December 2000). "Vailulu'u undersea volcano: The New Samoa" (PDF). G3, An Electronic Journal of the Earth Sciences, American Geophysical Union. Research Letter, Vol. 1. Paper number 2000GC000108. ISSN 1525-2027. Retrieved 4 February 2016. 
  18. ^ "Samoa: Climate". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2007-11-26. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°16′S 171°12′W / 14.267°S 171.200°W / -14.267; -171.200

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