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San Miguel
San Miguel de Mayumo
Municipality
Bayan ng San Miguel
San Miguel de Mayumo Arch
San Miguel de Mayumo Arch
Official seal of San Miguel
Seal
Map of Bulacan showing the location of San Miguel
Map of Bulacan showing the location of San Miguel
San Miguel is located in Philippines
San Miguel
San Miguel
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°08′45″N 120°58′42″E / 15.14583°N 120.97833°E / 15.14583; 120.97833Coordinates: 15°08′45″N 120°58′42″E / 15.14583°N 120.97833°E / 15.14583; 120.97833
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Bulacan
District 3rd District
Founded  
de jure 1874
de facto September 29, 1725
Barangays 49
Government[1]
 • Mayor Marivee Mendez - Coronel
 • Vice Mayor John "Bong" A. Alvarez
Area[2]
 • Total 231.40 km2 (89.34 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 153,882
 • Rank 16 out of 1,489 Municipalities
 • Density 670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Poverty rate Increase 12.6%
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3011
IDD:area code +63 (0)44
Income class 1st class
• Revenue (2016) Increase PHP 296.14 million (11%)
• Expenses (2016) Increase PHP 226.66 million (12%)
• Total Assets (2016) Increase PHP 512.67 million (29%)
Electricity Manila Electric Company
• Consumption 39.45 million kWh (2003)

San Miguel, Bulacan (Filipino: Bayan ng San Miguel; Kapampangan: Balen ning San Miguel de Mayumu) is a first class, urban municipality located in the third district of the province of Bulacan, Philippines.[4] It is the third largest municipality by area in the province after Doña Remedios Trinidad and Norzagaray. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 153,882 people.[3]

History[edit]

San Miguel de Arkanghel Parish Church built during Spanish Regime

The municipality of San Miguel de Mayumo was established in 1763 with Carlos Agustin Maniquiz, Maria Juana Puno - wife of Carlos Agustin Maniquiz and Miguel Pineda as the first town mayor of San Miguel. Miguel Pineda was a native of Angat, Bulacan who decided to settle permanently in the barrio of San Bartolome (now named Barangay Tartaro). He found the place ideal for hunting and was later chosen as the leader of other settlers. He formed an alliance with Mariano Puno, the recognized leader of the adjacent prosperous village called Sto. Rosario (now named Barangay Mandile).

The two leaders decided to form a town named Miguel De Mayumo after the name of Miguel Pineda and Mayumo, a Kapampangan word for sweets, for the goodwill and generosity of Mariano Puno. The town was supposed to be part of Pampanga. San Miguel’s culture drifted from Kapampangan influence.

San Miguel was then the largest town in Bulacan until San Ildefonso, then a barrio merged under San Miguel during the first decade of the 20th century, was proclaimed as an independent town and Doña Remedios Trinidad, the current largest municipality of Bulacan, was established during the term of President Ferdinand Marcos.

The Pact of Biak-Na-Bato[edit]

During the Philippine Revolution in 1897, newly appointed Governor-General Fernando Primo de Rivera decided to crush Emilio Aguinaldo and his troops in Cavite, but Aguinaldo fled to Batangas and joined forces with Gen. Miguel Malvar. The Spaniards continue their pursuit but the troops outwitted them by going to the province of Morong (now Rizal) and finally to Biak-na-Bato in San Miguel de Mayumo (San Miguel), Bulacan. Aguinaldo made the mountain caves into his headquarters.

Biak-na-Bato (21.17 km² in the villages of Kalawakan and Talbak in Doña Remedios Trinidad town and the villages of Biak-na-Bato and Sibul) was one of the camps of the revolutionary Katipunan forces in the 19th century, was declared a national park by Manuel L. Quezon on Nov. 16, 1937 through Proclamation No. 223.[5]

On August 26, 2007, residents at the foot of the Biak-na-Bato mountains petitioned president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to declare the mountains protected areas to stop marble quarrying and mining there.

Japanese occupation[edit]

Founded during World War II, Japanese Imperial ground troops entered and occupied the town municipality of San Miguel on 1942. Local Filipino troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary units retreated into the nearby mountains to become the Bulakeño guerrilla resistance against the Japanese occupation forces until the province's liberation.

Geography[edit]

The town of San Miguel is bounded by Nueva Ecija Province in the northernmost area, Pampanga Province in the west, the town is bounded by two provinces with land borders. The town of San Ildefonso, Bulacan lies next to San Miguel in the southernmost area, Doña Remedios Trinidad in the eastmost area which also borders San Rafael and Angat. San Miguel then was the biggest municipality in the province of Bulacan before some areas were taken and annexed to Doña Remedios Trinidad during the term of Ferdinand Marcos. The geographic nature of the town is diversified and multi-faceted, rich in nature's beauty like waterfall, rivers, caves, few mountains, hilly areas and springs. The mainland are plain agricultural lands, some part of which was substantially eroded due to commercialization and urbanization.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

The prevailing climatic conditions in the municipality is categorized into two types: Wet season and dry season.

  • Wet Season - (Rainy season or Monsoon season)
  • Dry Season - (Summer season)
Climate data for San Miguel, Bulacan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
31
(88)
32
(90)
34
(93)
34
(93)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(86)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
19
(66)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
20
(68)
21
(70)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 1.7
(0.7)
0.7
(0.3)
0.5
(0.2)
2.4
(0.9)
15.3
(6)
35.5
(14)
50.4
(19.8)
51.6
(20.3)
37.4
(14.7)
22.5
(8.8)
16.3
(6.4)
6.8
(2.7)
240.8
(94.8)
Source: http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=984300&refer=&units=metric

Barangays[edit]

San Miguel is administratively subdivided into 49 barangays.[4] Of these, 11 are considered urban and the rest rural.

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[6]
031421001 Bagong Silang 1.2% 1,876 1,625 2.77%
031421002 Balaong 1.7% 2,670 2,678 −0.06%
031421003 Balite 1.7% 2,598 2,365 1.81%
031421004 Bantog 2.4% 3,695 3,129 3.22%
031421006 Bardias 1.1% 1,636 1,590 0.54%
031421007 Baritan 1.0% 1,553 1,351 2.69%
031421008 Batasan Bata 1.3% 2,037 2,014 0.22%
031421009 Batasan Matanda 2.0% 3,003 2,839 1.08%
031421011 Biak‑na‑Bato 1.1% 1,737 1,631 1.21%
031421012 Biclat 1.2% 1,870 1,594 3.09%
031421013 Buga 1.0% 1,512 1,476 0.46%
031421014 Buliran 3.2% 4,862 4,753 0.43%
031421015 Bulualto 1.9% 2,873 2,642 1.61%
031421016 Calumpang 2.6% 3,980 3,859 0.59%
031421019 Cambio 1.2% 1,886 1,902 −0.16%
031421020 Camias 4.9% 7,560 7,426 0.34%
031421021 Ilog‑Bulo 1.0% 1,604 1,554 0.60%
031421023 King Kabayo 1.1% 1,662 1,533 1.55%
031421024 Labne 0.9% 1,431 1,416 0.20%
031421025 Lambakin 1.8% 2,805 2,686 0.83%
031421027 Magmarale 1.4% 2,163 2,059 0.94%
031421028 Malibay 1.3% 1,935 1,906 0.29%
031421030 Mandile 1.2% 1,878 1,752 1.33%
031421031 Masalipit 1.9% 2,883 2,583 2.11%
031421032 Pacalag 0.8% 1,165 999 2.97%
031421033 Paliwasan 1.9% 2,849 2,633 1.51%
031421035 Partida 2.1% 3,205 3,164 0.25%
031421036 Pinambaran 2.5% 3,860 4,100 −1.14%
031421037 Poblacion 2.0% 3,127 3,115 0.07%
031421038 Pulong Bayabas 1.3% 2,030 1,438 6.79%
031421039 Sacdalan 1.4% 2,216 2,160 0.49%
031421040 Salacot 2.0% 3,127 3,140 −0.08%
031421041 Salangan 3.3% 5,056 4,610 1.77%
031421043 San Agustin 2.4% 3,755 3,673 0.42%
031421044 San Jose 3.2% 4,951 4,805 0.57%
031421045 San Juan 5.6% 8,602 6,854 4.42%
031421046 San Vicente 1.9% 2,860 3,083 −1.42%
031421047 Santa Ines 3.9% 6,000 5,572 1.42%
031421048 Santa Lucia 2.2% 3,335 3,145 1.12%
031421049 Santa Rita Bata 1.9% 2,945 2,853 0.61%
031421050 Santa Rita Matanda 1.8% 2,829 2,656 1.21%
031421051 Sapang 1.1% 1,632 1,324 4.06%
031421052 Sibul 6.6% 10,161 9,322 1.65%
031421054 Tartaro 3.9% 6,001 4,506 5.61%
031421055 Tibagan 2.4% 3,678 3,249 2.39%
031421056 Bagong Pag‑asa 0.9% 1,314 1,226 1.33%
031421057 Pulong Duhat 0.9% 1,389 1,030 5.86%
031421058 Maligaya 1.4% 2,092 1,847 2.40%
031421059 Tigpalas 2.6% 3,994 3,987 0.03%
Total 153,882 142,854 1.43%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of San Miguel
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 14,919 —    
1918 17,988 +1.25%
1939 26,759 +1.91%
1948 38,093 +4.00%
1960 43,195 +1.05%
1970 58,712 +3.11%
1975 66,870 +2.64%
1980 73,113 +1.80%
1990 91,124 +2.23%
1995 108,147 +3.26%
2000 123,824 +2.94%
2010 142,854 +1.44%
2015 153,882 +1.43%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6][7][8]


In the 2015 census, the population of San Miguel, Bulacan, was 153,882 people,[3] with a density of 670 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,700 inhabitants per square mile.

Languages[edit]

The municipality, along with two other municipalities (Remedios Trinidad and Norzagaray) and one city (San Jose del Monte), is the homeland of the Alta Kabulowan, the first inhabitants of Bulacan whose language is also called Alta Kabulowan. Their language is currently endangered due to an influx of Tagalog speakers.

Municipal government[edit]

  • Municipal Mayor: Marivee Coronel Mendez
  • Municipal Vice Mayor: Bong Alvarez
  • Municipal Councilors:
  1. Romeo "Mimio" Dizon
  2. Richard "Richie" Dela Cruz
  3. Christopher "Bunso" Beltran
  4. Bayani "Benny" Tecson
  5. Ma. Ysabelle Clarisse Anne "MYCA" SM. Bonoan
  6. Rogelio "Tony" Macasu
  7. Romy "Excelite" Reyes
  8. Jayvee Lacsina
  • ABC President: Rodolfo DG. Dizon

List of Gobernadorcillo[edit]

Name Term Name Term Name Term Name Term
Miguel Pineda 1763 Ignacio Sandulan 1796 Agapito Sta. Ana 1827 Victor Buencamino 1858
Jose Malapandan 1764 Agustin Payawal 1797 Carlos Morales 1828 Norberto Maniquis 1859
Miguel Ligon 1765 1766 Santiago Maniquis 1798 Jacinto Ligon 1829 Eugenio Dantis 1860
Miguel Tecson 1767 Marcos Bondoc 1799 Mariano Tecson 1830 Pedro Santiago 1861
Miguel Bantog 1768 Nicolas Bacaui 1800 Augustin Santiago 1831 Mariano Macapagal 1862
Miguel Ligon 1769 Eusebio Santiago 1801 Isidro Gonzales 1832 Jose Santiago 1863 1864
Esteban Bantog 1770 Francisco Bernabe 1802 Eustaquio Ligon 1833 Bonifacio Pengson 1865 1866
Miguel Ligon 1771 Calixto Yambot 1803 Vicente Ventura 1834 Tomas Tecson 1867 1868
Esteban Sayson 1772 Jose Tuazon 1804 Apolonio Fernando 1835 Antonio David 1869 1870
Eulogio Payawal 1773 Baltazar Pangilinan 1805 Severino Payawal 1836 Pelagio de Leon 1871 1872
Dionisio Maniquiz 1774 Jose Payawal 1806 Andres de la Cruz 1837 Marcelo V. Bernabe 1873 1874
Antonio Bacual 1775 Francisco Libunao 1807 Vicente Felix 1838 Flaviano Esguerra 1875 1876
Miguel Ligon 1776 1777 Vicente Sayson 1808 Eusebio Dantis 1839 Juan Buencamino 1877 1878
Dionisio Maniquis 1778 Augustin Maniquis 1809 Atanacio Libunao 1840 Calixto Limpingco 1879
Andres Bondoc 1779 Lorenzo Ligon 1810 Pedro Ligon 1841 Juan de Guzman 1880
Pablo Bondoc 1780 Baltazar Pangilinan 1811 Domingo Pangilinan 1842 Francisco Villarica 1881 1882
Alejandro Dantis 1781 Canuto Dantis 1812 Nicolas Libunao 1843 Potenciano Buencamino 1883 1885
Juan Fernando 1782 Lorenzo Yambot 1813 Tomas Tecson 1844 Valentin Viola 1886
Alejandro Maniquis 1783 Clemente Ligon 1814 Juan Siojo 1845 Jose Santiago 1887
Miguel Ventura 1784 Vicente Tecson 1815 Felipe Gonzales 1846 Evaristo Siojo 1888
Andres Patiag 1785 Pablo Ventura 1816 Mariano P. Joson 1847 Bartolome Viola 1889
Miguel Maniquis 1786 Pantaleon Ligon 1817 Victor Buencamino 1848 Simon Tecson 1890
Domingo Libunao 1787 Vicente Dasig 1818 Fulgencio Santiago 1849 Simon Santiago 1891
Domingo Sta. MAria 1788 Blas Maniquis 1819 Vicente Felix 1850 Jose de Leon 1892
Francisco Tecson 1789 Dionisio Fernando 1820 Rufino San Gabriel 1851 Bartolome Viola 1893
Marcos Zapala 1790 Jacinto Santiago 1821 Eugenio Dantis 1852 Lucio Maniquis 1894
Miguel Quiambao 1791 Manuel Bantog 1822 Tranquilino Gabriel 1853 Ciriaco Libunao 1895
Andres Bantog 1792 Narciso Macapagal 1823 Victor Buencamino 1854 Simon T. Libunao 1896
Teodoro Tuazon 1793 Mariano delos Santos 1824 Catalino Ligon 1855 Gregorio Marquez 1897
Miguel Morales 1794 Lorenzo Tecson 1825 Juan Siojo 1856 Simon Tecson 1898 1899
Tibursio Sayson 1795 Lorenzo Ligon 1826 Tibursio Tecson 1857 Jose Buencamino 1990
Teodoro Lim

List of former mayors[edit]

Name Term Notes
Municipal President
Meliton Carlos 1901 1903
Damaso Sempio 1903 1905
Mariano Tecson 1906 1908
Miguel Siojo 1908 1912
Serafin Tecson 1912 1916
Catalino Sevilla 1916 1919
Juan Buencamino Sr. 1919 1922
Jose Ligon 1922 1925
Eugenio Tecson 1925 1928
Regino Sevilla 1928 1931
Moises V. Ligon 1931 1934
Municipal Mayor
Florentino C. Viola 1934 1938
Regino Sevilla 1938 1940
Eugenio Tecson 1941 1944
Rafael Roura

Luis Sta. Maria

Eugenio Tecson

Manuel V. Fernando

1945 Appointed as Alcalde during Philippine Liberation
Eugenio Tecson 1945 1951 Remained in position after World War II
Conrado S. Pascual 1952 1955
Felipe V. Buencamino 1956 1963
Benjamin S. Payawal 1963 1967
Felix M. Tayag 1964 1967
Marcelo Aure 1968 1979 Appointed as Municipal Mayor during Martial Law (Bagong Lipunan) era from 1976 - 1979
Juan F. Dela Cruz 1979 1986 Municipal Mayor during Martial Law (Bagong Lipunan) era
Manuel Lipana 1986 1987 Transitional Municipal Government during 1987 Referendum
Fernando B. Mendez Sr. 1988 1995
Santiago C. Sevilla 1995 2004
Edmundo Jose "Pop" T. Buencamino 2004 2006 Term not finished; suspended due to his case in Sandiganbayan.[9][10]
Roderick DG. Tiongson 2006 2016 Vice Mayor during "Pop" Buencamino's term; sworn into office as Acting Mayor from 2006 - 2007

Education[edit]

San Miguel Elementary School

The town has numerous public schools offering elementary and high school education. Some of the elementary public schools are:

  • San Miguel North Central School, in barangay Camias
  • San Miguel South Central Elementary School, located in population center of the town

Some of the public high schools are:

  • San Miguel National High School, located in barangay San Juan
  • John J. Russel Memorial High School, located at Sibul
  • Vedasto Santiago High School, San Miguel High School Annex, located in barangay Salacot
  • Partida High School, located at Partida
  • Balaong National High School located at Barangay Balaong
  • Maligaya High School located at Barangay Maligaya

Some of the private schools offering elementary and pre-elementary education are:

  • D. C. Nicolas School, located in barangay Tigpalas
  • Park Ridge School of Montessori, located in barangay Camias
  • Saint Paul University at San Miguel, located in barangay Salangan
  • School of Mount St. Mary, located in barangay Sta. Rita (New)
  • Waminal Achievers Academy, Incorporated, located in population center of the town
  • God's Love Children's Advancement Center, location in Sta. Rita (Old)

Some of the tertiary schools are:

  • Bulacan Polytechnic College (San Miguel Campus) in barangay Salacot
  • Integrated College of Business and Technology at barangay Salangan
  • Saint Paul University at San Miguel, located in barangay Salangan
  • Microlink Institute of Science and Technology (San Miguel Campus) in barangay Camias

Notable people from San Miguel[edit]

Tecson House - The house where Emilio Aguinaldo slept before he departed to Pangasinan. The house of Simon Tecson

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: BULACAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Philippine Standard Geographic Code listing for San Miguel - National Statistical Coordination Board
  5. ^ Inquirer.net, Bulaceños want Biak-na-Bato declared a protected area
  6. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  7. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO. 
  8. ^ "Province of Bulacan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  9. ^ http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/678676/ex-san-miguel-bulacan-mayor-convicted-of-graft-for-illegal-collections
  10. ^ http://sc.judiciary.gov.ph/jurisprudence/2007/april2007/175895.htm#_ftnref1

External links[edit]

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