Play Video
1
GOJU-RYU SANCHIN KATA by MORIO HIGAONNA
GOJU-RYU SANCHIN KATA by MORIO HIGAONNA
::2009/09/03::
Play Video
2
Uechi Ryu Sanchin Kata - Basic Study Guide
Uechi Ryu Sanchin Kata - Basic Study Guide
::2012/10/10::
Play Video
3
Sanchin Kyokushinkai kata
Sanchin Kyokushinkai kata
::2006/09/02::
Play Video
4
Sanchin Key Points
Sanchin Key Points
::2013/01/13::
Play Video
5
Sanchin Uechi-ryu
Sanchin Uechi-ryu
::2009/08/09::
Play Video
6
Sanchin kata by Goshi Yamaguchi
Sanchin kata by Goshi Yamaguchi
::2012/06/08::
Play Video
7
Shime Sanchin kata. Goju Ryu
Shime Sanchin kata. Goju Ryu
::2008/08/07::
Play Video
8
Sanchin Shito Ryu
Sanchin Shito Ryu
::2006/08/28::
Play Video
9
Sanchin Basic Analysis [Bunkai] (三戦基本分解)
Sanchin Basic Analysis [Bunkai] (三戦基本分解)
::2013/01/25::
Play Video
10
Higaonna Sensei - Sanchin Breathing and Application
Higaonna Sensei - Sanchin Breathing and Application
::2013/01/29::
Play Video
11
Uechi ryu sanchin test
Uechi ryu sanchin test
::2008/12/09::
Play Video
12
Goju-kai kata Sanchin
Goju-kai kata Sanchin
::2008/06/01::
Play Video
13
Five Ancestor Style Sanchin
Five Ancestor Style Sanchin
::2011/05/21::
Play Video
14
Sanchin kata test in Uechi-ryu
Sanchin kata test in Uechi-ryu
::2009/08/09::
Play Video
15
Sensei Kazuo Terauchi, Sanchin kata
Sensei Kazuo Terauchi, Sanchin kata
::2011/02/07::
Play Video
16
Sanchin (Shito-Ryu)
Sanchin (Shito-Ryu)
::2010/06/21::
Play Video
17
karate kyokushin sanchin kata
karate kyokushin sanchin kata
::2007/08/14::
Play Video
18
白鹤 -詠春拳(七步三战) - Chinese Sanchin
白鹤 -詠春拳(七步三战) - Chinese Sanchin
::2009/06/09::
Play Video
19
ShitoRyu Shukokai - Kata - sanchin
ShitoRyu Shukokai - Kata - sanchin
::2012/03/22::
Play Video
20
Uechi-ryu Sanchin Kiyohide
Uechi-ryu Sanchin Kiyohide
::2009/08/27::
Play Video
21
Sanchin kata training
Sanchin kata training
::2008/08/20::
Play Video
22
GOJU RYU KARATE - THE SANCHIN KATA
GOJU RYU KARATE - THE SANCHIN KATA
::2008/08/07::
Play Video
23
Sanchin Kata
Sanchin Kata
::2007/04/18::
Play Video
24
03  Sanchin Dachi
03 Sanchin Dachi
::2012/12/11::
Play Video
25
Sanchin Kata of Isshinryu
Sanchin Kata of Isshinryu
::2009/09/08::
Play Video
26
GoJu Ryu Sanchin Kata
GoJu Ryu Sanchin Kata
::2009/03/07::
Play Video
27
Sanchin - kata kyokushin karate
Sanchin - kata kyokushin karate
::2011/01/27::
Play Video
28
Pangai Noon Karate - Vol. I Sanchin pt 1
Pangai Noon Karate - Vol. I Sanchin pt 1
::2010/08/14::
Play Video
29
Sanchin - International Hayashi-Ha Shito-Ryu
Sanchin - International Hayashi-Ha Shito-Ryu
::2011/07/22::
Play Video
30
Sanchin trainig 2011
Sanchin trainig 2011
::2013/01/13::
Play Video
31
Sanchin Kata Isshinryu
Sanchin Kata Isshinryu
::2007/02/11::
Play Video
32
Pangai Noon Karate - Vol. I Sanchin pt 3
Pangai Noon Karate - Vol. I Sanchin pt 3
::2010/08/15::
Play Video
33
LISD Adult Learning Services Sanchin-Ryu Karate
LISD Adult Learning Services Sanchin-Ryu Karate
::2012/09/18::
Play Video
34
Extreme Dynamic Tension Sanchin Kata
Extreme Dynamic Tension Sanchin Kata
::2010/11/23::
Play Video
35
Isshin Ryu Sanchin Kata
Isshin Ryu Sanchin Kata
::2010/04/14::
Play Video
36
SANCHIN SHIME IN OKINAWA
SANCHIN SHIME IN OKINAWA
::2009/05/30::
Play Video
37
剛柔流形(套拳) - 三戰 Goju-Ryu Kata - Sanchin
剛柔流形(套拳) - 三戰 Goju-Ryu Kata - Sanchin
::2014/03/31::
Play Video
38
Uechi Kanei Sanchin
Uechi Kanei Sanchin
::2006/08/20::
Play Video
39
Morion Higaonna, Sanchin   Explanation and Training
Morion Higaonna, Sanchin Explanation and Training
::2013/06/16::
Play Video
40
Kanei Uechi - Sanchin
Kanei Uechi - Sanchin
::2007/09/24::
Play Video
41
Sanchin Kata (Kitae) - Uechi Ryu
Sanchin Kata (Kitae) - Uechi Ryu
::2007/04/17::
Play Video
42
Sanchin Kyokushin Kata Demonstrated by Kaicho Farzinzad
Sanchin Kyokushin Kata Demonstrated by Kaicho Farzinzad
::2012/01/28::
Play Video
43
Kata Sanchin
Kata Sanchin
::2006/12/21::
Play Video
44
Sanchin Kaishu (Shito-Ryu)
Sanchin Kaishu (Shito-Ryu)
::2010/06/21::
Play Video
45
Goju Ryu Karate Kata sanchin
Goju Ryu Karate Kata sanchin
::2009/11/15::
Play Video
46
Sanchin Kata Bunkai Preview 01 - www.yoseikankarate.com
Sanchin Kata Bunkai Preview 01 - www.yoseikankarate.com
::2007/09/30::
Play Video
47
KATA SANCHIN BUNKAI
KATA SANCHIN BUNKAI
::2013/08/27::
Play Video
48
SANCHIN NO KATA
SANCHIN NO KATA
::2013/08/09::
Play Video
49
Sam Chien ( San Chin ) 立法五祖三戰 - The Foundation of Ngo Cho Kun  五祖拳之拳母
Sam Chien ( San Chin ) 立法五祖三戰 - The Foundation of Ngo Cho Kun 五祖拳之拳母
::2010/11/07::
Play Video
50
The Movements - Breathing Exercise SANCHIN
The Movements - Breathing Exercise SANCHIN
::2008/07/06::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
三戦 (三戰, 三進, 参戦)
Japanese: sanchin
Mandarin Pinyin: sānzhàn
Min Nan POJ: saⁿ-chiàn
Literally "three battles"

Sanchin (サンチン Sanchin?) is a kata of Southern Chinese (Fujianese) origin that is considered to be the core of several styles, the most well-known being the Okinawan Karate styles of Goju Ryu and Uechi Ryu, as well as the Chinese martial arts of Fujian White Crane, Five Ancestors, Pangai-noon and the Tiger-Crane Combination style associated with Ang Lian-Huat. Tam Hon taught a style that was called simply "Saam Jin" (Cantonese for "Sanchin"). The name Sanchin, meaning three battles, is sometimes interpreted as the battle to unify the mind, body, and spirit; however, there are other interpretations of it.

The version of Sanchin used by most styles of Karate was developed by Goju Ryu founder Chōjun Miyagi and uses a very strong, tense closed fist "push". In Uechi Ryu and in Ryusei, the practice of Sanchin is closer to the Chinese version with faster spear hand strikes that are more snake like.

General information[edit]

Only one stance is used—the sanchin (meaning "three battles") stance, from which a name of the kata is derivative now (initially it was named as Peppuren.[1] Sanchin-dachi is a practical stance, and yet is the most difficult stance to master. The legs protect the body from sweep kicks; the thighs are to trap low kicks. According to a tai chi manual (Zhengzi 13 postures), the punch draws its power from the earth through the legs—the flip of the hips enables the strength of the whole body to be channeled and focused into one punch.

When properly executing Sanchin kata, all the muscles are to be flexed and tensed throughout the kata. Most styles of martial arts imply a version of Sanchin kata that follows the "hard" style of karate. This hardness contributes to the belief that Sanchin is one of the most strenuous katas in martial arts.

In Goju-Ryu, one should remain soft until a hard motion is executed, and tense only briefly at the right moment. This allows for better movement. Sanchin should not be strenuous at all, but those who have observed the Okinawans performing it have brought the misconception of a necessity for constant hardness and strain overseas. It is very difficult to learn anything from the kata or achieve a better understanding of the techniques it contains when constantly strained and tensed.

Some exceptions to this occur in styles such as Uechi-ryū where a balance of tension and softness is employed. In the Uechi-Ryu form of Sanchin all muscles are tensed like Sanchin in other martial arts most of the time; however a brief softness and looseness is employed for the muscles being moved to make explosive strikes and movements, while the rest of body remains tense to protect vital organs, and weak spots in the body. Therefore sanchin in Uechi-Ryu is considered more of a combination of "hard" and "soft".

As the foundation of Uechi-Ryu unlike most other styles, sanchin kata is the first kata that new Uechi-Ryu students learn, practice, refine, and develop as they gain experience and rank.

This type of strength training is only recently understood in Western science and is known as "isometric training" in bodybuilding.

In Chinese training, sanchin kata also introduces the student to the use of "qi" (Japanese "ki") for training and fighting applications. It can be understood to be a form of "qigong" as employed in Chinese Wushu. In qigong, the hands are not closed into a fist as it would be deemed as restricting the flow of chi. The focus in qigong is on the controlled breathing to generate chi in the body. Many western interpretations of qi/ki explain it as an enhanced understanding of internal body dynamics and muscle control through repeated and strenuous training.

In Gōjū, there are two sanchin kata: the first one, Miyagi's sanchin (or "sanchin dai ichi"), the most widely taught as initial and Kihongata, was created for such purpose by Chojun Miyagi, and has no turns so the karateka goes forward and then backwards. The second sanchin, Higashionna's sanchin (or "sanchin dai ni") is a full-version Sanchingata and is older and was taught by Higashionna Kanryo. In this kata the karateka always goes forward, but turns 180 degrees twice. Initially it was taught with open hands, as sanchin-kata still is in Uechi-ryu, but later it was also revised to closed fists by Miyagi's co-student Juhatsu Kyoda, founder of To'on-ryu, and adopted by Chojun Miyagi as well.

This kata was adopted by other styles such as Isshin-ryū and Kyokushin.

Some say the meaning of sanchin ("three battles") relates to the three journeys of life: Developing body, mind and spirit. Through proper martial arts training, one properly learns to develop her or his body through exercise and practise of kata/forms. Later, one begins to understand the true meaning of one's training and develops an understanding of bunkai and history, developing the mind. Spirit is developed much later in life and is only understood by those who have achieved this.

Stance[edit]

The Sanchin routine uses only its namesake stance and is carried out with controlled breathing (ibuki breathing). Inhalation and exhalation are performed in unison with the various blocking and striking movements. In the most commonly taught versions, emphasis is placed on the tension of the practitioners' muscles, and movement of the body as a solid, stable unit. The Chinese and Uechi-Ryu version uses open hands while other Okinawan and Japanese versions tend to use closed fists. Certain schools of Five Ancestors kung fu, most noticeably those hailing from the Chee Kim Thong lineage, employ minimal tension during execution. This is intended to facilitate the correct training of qi (or ki).

The following description does not apply to the Chinese Sānzhàn stance.


The narrow (shoulder width) upright "pigeon-toed" foot position of the Sanchin stance (Japanese: sanchin dachi) balances stability in two directions (front and side) with the flexible waist rotation needed for strong punches and kicks. The toes attempt to "grip" the floor, attempting to turn the feet outward while actually turned inward, creating a rooted stance, whilst the pelvis remains tilted upward along with the turned-in position of the front knee and the bent back knee help protect the groin from kicks.


Sanchindachi.svg


Shime[edit]

Some styles use Sanchin as a method of checking strength and posture, as well as concentration. All hits directed towards the karateka are done at the end of the punch, when they are in their most tense position. Most Goju-ryu schools use the following checking procedures:

  • Light to heavy slap down on the shoulders. This checks that the shoulders are in a natural position, yet tense.
  • Light to heavy strikes (generally a ridge hand) to the lats. This is to check if the lat muscles are tight. Light trapping of the elbows with a hand or fingers check that the karateka is holding proper form with their arms and elbows, and using full strength to strike.
  • Checking the legs. From behind, slapping the sides of the knees to make sure the legs and stance are solid.
  • Fingers to the back of the neck. This is a reminder to fix posture.
  • Groin and pelvic tuck(tilt). From the front or rear, kick or raise arm to the groin. If the karateka is in proper Sanchin stance and the pelvis is tilted, he will trap the kick or arm with the inner thighs.
  • Breathing check. Light to heavy striking of the stomach. This could be a standard punch or a ridge hand from the side. This will check for proper ibuki breathing.
  • Concentration check. The person performing shime should not strike in a specific pattern, allowing the karateka to anticipate the strikes. He should strike randomly, allowing the karateka to focus on the kata itself and not on the strikes. This may involve occasionally "faking" a strike in view of the karateka to check that he does not react to it. This is a portion of the "mind" part of "mind, body and spirit."
  • Concentration check. Some styles will test a karateka's concentration by breaking a board across a strong point of the body, such as the leading upper leg.
  • Posture. Check the strength and posture by hooking, open palmed, the wrists, and guiding the punch, while applying resistance.

In Uechi-Ryu, the practitioner stops the kata for each sequence of shime checks, then the kata starts up again - stopping and starting for each series of checks; as opposed to the kata being done continuously without regard to the person giving shime. Also in Uechi-ryu, the practitioner is open handed and the shime involves roundhouse kicks directed to the legs and occasionally the arms. Shin conditioning is checked by toe-kicks directly to the shins.

Traditional Okinawan schools will vary on their application of shime.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1". 
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014