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✓ Sandal | सैंडल | Haryanvi DJ Song 2016 | Vijay Varma | Anjali Raghav | Raju Punjabi | VR Bros
✓ Sandal | सैंडल | Haryanvi DJ Song 2016 | Vijay Varma | Anjali Raghav | Raju Punjabi | VR Bros
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: Voice of Heart Music
Mustafa Sandal - Ben Olsaydım
Mustafa Sandal - Ben Olsaydım
Published: 2015/08/25
Channel: netd müzik
Mustafa Sandal - Kadere Bak
Mustafa Sandal - Kadere Bak
Published: 2015/06/12
Channel: netd müzik
✓ Sandal | सैंडल | Haryanvi DJ Song 2016 | Vijay Varma | Anjali Raghav | Raju Punjabi  tom version
✓ Sandal | सैंडल | Haryanvi DJ Song 2016 | Vijay Varma | Anjali Raghav | Raju Punjabi tom version
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: TOP FUNNY VIDEOS CHANNEL
sandal new haryavi song
sandal new haryavi song
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: DHAMAKA KHUSHI KA
Girik Aman - Take Your Sandals Off Video | Badshah ft. Badshah
Girik Aman - Take Your Sandals Off Video | Badshah ft. Badshah
Published: 2013/09/12
Channel: SonyMusicIndiaVEVO
Mustafa Sandal - İsyankar
Mustafa Sandal - İsyankar
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: netd müzik
Best Dehati dance by Ajay || sandal ki maar bhabi ji ||
Best Dehati dance by Ajay || sandal ki maar bhabi ji ||
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: Bindas Dance and Fun
Mustafa Sandal - Hepsi Aşktan
Mustafa Sandal - Hepsi Aşktan
Published: 2016/09/09
Channel: netd müzik
Sandal Maru || सैंडल मारू || Vijay Verma || New Funny Comedy New Dehati Comedy  New 2017
Sandal Maru || सैंडल मारू || Vijay Verma || New Funny Comedy New Dehati Comedy New 2017
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: COMEDY SONOTEK
Kabak Sandal Tarifi-Beşamel Soslu  Sandal Kabak -Yemek Tarifleri-Gurbetinmutfagi
Kabak Sandal Tarifi-Beşamel Soslu Sandal Kabak -Yemek Tarifleri-Gurbetinmutfagi
Published: 2017/04/15
Channel: Gurbetinmutfagi
Kabak Sandal Tarifi - Kabak Sandal - Nefis Yemek Tarifleri
Kabak Sandal Tarifi - Kabak Sandal - Nefis Yemek Tarifleri
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: Nefis Yemek Tarifleri
AMMY VIRK : Surma To Sandals Video Song | B Praak | Jaani | New Song 2016 | T-Series
AMMY VIRK : Surma To Sandals Video Song | B Praak | Jaani | New Song 2016 | T-Series
Published: 2016/05/12
Channel: T-Series
Sandal of Hazrat Syed Abdul Rehman Baba Dongri .. part 2
Sandal of Hazrat Syed Abdul Rehman Baba Dongri .. part 2
Published: 2015/03/05
Channel: Firoze Shakir
Mustafa Sandal ft Gentleman - Isyankar by 1
Mustafa Sandal ft Gentleman - Isyankar by 1
Published: 2009/10/13
Channel: RebeLionExpreZion
Hazır Yufkadan Peynirli Sandal Börek Tarifi
Hazır Yufkadan Peynirli Sandal Börek Tarifi
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: Ev Yemeği Tarifleri
Tavuklu besamel soslu kabakli sandal yemegi
Tavuklu besamel soslu kabakli sandal yemegi
Published: 2016/06/30
Channel: HATICE ́NIN MUTFAGI
Sandal song by Sapna Choudhary new dance
Sandal song by Sapna Choudhary new dance
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: praveen sharma
Kabak Sandal Tarifi - Kevserin Mutfağı - Yemek Tarifleri
Kabak Sandal Tarifi - Kevserin Mutfağı - Yemek Tarifleri
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: Kevserin Mutfağı Yemek Tarifleri
Mustafa Sandal - Denize Doğru
Mustafa Sandal - Denize Doğru
Published: 2012/06/19
Channel: Mehmet Selim GÜNER
Mustafa Sandal - Tesir Altında
Mustafa Sandal - Tesir Altında
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: netd müzik
KEREN SEDERHANA NAMUM CETAR Koleksi Sandal Ayu Ting Ting Ini FANS WAJIB TAU
KEREN SEDERHANA NAMUM CETAR Koleksi Sandal Ayu Ting Ting Ini FANS WAJIB TAU
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: Marissa Manis
Mustafa Sandal - İki Tas Çorba
Mustafa Sandal - İki Tas Çorba
Published: 2012/06/19
Channel: Mehmet Selim GÜNER
Mustafa Sandal - Dön Dünya
Mustafa Sandal - Dön Dünya
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: Doğan Music Company
Çek Gönder   Mustafa Sandal Feat Emina Sandal
Çek Gönder Mustafa Sandal Feat Emina Sandal
Published: 2012/06/12
Channel: aichaaa89
3 Adam - Mustafa Sandal
3 Adam - Mustafa Sandal'ın Unutamadığı Sahne Anıları (3.Sezon 3.Bölüm)
Published: 2015/12/02
Channel: 3 Adam
Mustafa Sandal - Araba....(1996) Turkish Music  ☾*
Mustafa Sandal - Araba....(1996) Turkish Music ☾*
Published: 2012/02/01
Channel: MrAeden
Gülben Ergen & Mustafa Sandal - Şıkır Şıkır
Gülben Ergen & Mustafa Sandal - Şıkır Şıkır
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: netd müzik
Mustafa Sandal - Kalmadı
Mustafa Sandal - Kalmadı
Published: 2012/06/19
Channel: Mehmet Selim GÜNER
3 Adam - Mustafa Sandal ve Oğuzhan Koç
3 Adam - Mustafa Sandal ve Oğuzhan Koç'tan Müthiş Düet (3.Sezon 3.Bölüm)
Published: 2015/12/02
Channel: 3 Adam
Mustafa Sandal - Araba
Mustafa Sandal - Araba
Published: 2014/12/25
Channel: netd müzik
Gekkota Sandal
Gekkota Sandal
Published: 2015/03/15
Channel: EIGER ADVENTURE
Membuat sandal menggunakan lem tembak @making sandals using the glue gun
Membuat sandal menggunakan lem tembak @making sandals using the glue gun
Published: 2016/09/30
Channel: Mr Unique
Mustafa Sandal - Suç Bende (Albüm/1994)
Mustafa Sandal - Suç Bende (Albüm/1994)
Published: 2015/12/08
Channel: Kültürel Türk 'Musti
Mustafa Sandal - Moonlight
Mustafa Sandal - Moonlight
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: Poll Production
Fırında Kıymalı Kabak Sandal | kabak sandal | kabak sandal tarifi
Fırında Kıymalı Kabak Sandal | kabak sandal | kabak sandal tarifi
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: Elif in Tarif Defteri
Mustafa Sandal - Beni Aglatma
Mustafa Sandal - Beni Aglatma
Published: 2012/12/18
Channel: Hamit1991
Peynirli Kabak Sandal
Peynirli Kabak Sandal
Published: 2015/08/21
Channel: Misssgibi Yemek Tarifleri
Mustafa Sandal - Hepsi Aşktan
Mustafa Sandal - Hepsi Aşktan
Published: 2016/09/06
Channel: Doğan Music Company
Sandal Song 2 Haryanvi ||Funny Version|| By Swagger Boyz 2017
Sandal Song 2 Haryanvi ||Funny Version|| By Swagger Boyz 2017
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: The Swagger Boyz
Tự chế dép tông thành sandal đính đá cực cool cho nàng đi biển
Tự chế dép tông thành sandal đính đá cực cool cho nàng đi biển
Published: 2016/05/05
Channel: Top Channels
Melissa Beach Slide Sandal FlyGrl + Looks Inspiração
Melissa Beach Slide Sandal FlyGrl + Looks Inspiração
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: Fernanda Medeiros
MUSTAFA SANDAL - Kalmadı
MUSTAFA SANDAL - Kalmadı
Published: 2011/07/31
Channel: DogukanDoganay
Mustafa Sandal - İsyankar (Oryantal Remix)
Mustafa Sandal - İsyankar (Oryantal Remix)
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: netd müzik
Kreasi Unik Sandal Jepit Cantik dari Kain Perca Khas Bandung - NET12
Kreasi Unik Sandal Jepit Cantik dari Kain Perca Khas Bandung - NET12
Published: 2015/11/25
Channel: Official NET News
mustafa sandal - dokunsana
mustafa sandal - dokunsana
Published: 2008/11/21
Channel: Mehmet Selim GÜNER
mustafa sandal - bize gidelim
mustafa sandal - bize gidelim
Published: 2008/11/21
Channel: Mehmet Selim GÜNER
Sandal - Böyle Tamir Edilir - TRT Okul
Sandal - Böyle Tamir Edilir - TRT Okul
Published: 2014/01/21
Channel: TRT Okul
Tavuklu Kabak Sandal Tarifi -İftara özel yemekler/Hayalimdeki Yemekler
Tavuklu Kabak Sandal Tarifi -İftara özel yemekler/Hayalimdeki Yemekler
Published: 2017/05/28
Channel: Hayalimdeki Yemekler
Mustafa Sandal - Dön Dünya
Mustafa Sandal - Dön Dünya
Published: 2016/08/05
Channel: netd müzik
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Sandal (footwear))
Jump to: navigation, search
A pair of sandals being worn.

Sandals are an open type of footwear, consisting of a sole held to the wearer's foot by straps going over the instep and, sometimes, around the ankle. Sandals can also have a heel. While the distinction between sandals and other types of footwear can sometimes be blurry (as in the case of huaraches—the woven leather footwear seen in Mexico, and peep-toe pumps), the common understanding is that a sandal leaves most of the foot exposed. People may choose to wear sandals for several reasons, among them comfort in warm weather, economy (sandals tend to require less material than shoes and are usually easier to construct), and as a fashion choice.

Usually, people wear sandals in warmer climates or during warmer parts of the year in order to keep their feet cool and dry. The risk of developing athlete's foot is lower than with enclosed shoes, and the wearing of sandals may be part of the treatment regimen for such an infection.

History[edit]

Esparto sandals from the 6th or 5th millennium BC found in Spain.
Rubber flip-flops are amongst one of the most common types of sandals in the world.

The oldest known sandals (and the oldest known footwear of any type) were discovered in Fort Rock Cave in the U.S. state of Oregon; radiocarbon dating of the sagebrush bark from which they were woven indicates an age of at least 10,000 years.[1]

The word sandal is of Greek origin. The ancient Greeks distinguished between baxeae (sing. baxea), a sandal made of willow leaves, twigs, or fibres worn by comic actors and philosophers; and the cothurnus, a boot sandal that rose above the middle of the leg, worn principally by tragic actors, horsemen, hunters, and by men of rank and authority. The sole of the latter was sometimes made much thicker than usual by the insertion of slices of cork, so as to add to the stature of the wearer.[2]

The ancient Egyptians wore sandals made of palm-leaves and papyrus.[3] They are sometimes observable on the feet of Egyptian statues and in reliefs, being carried by sandal-bearers. According to Herodotus, sandals of papyrus were a part of the required and characteristic dress of the Egyptian priests.

In ancient Greece sandals were the most common type of shoes that women wore and spent most of their time at home. The Greek sandals featured a multitude of straps with which they securely fastened to the foot. The top of the sandals were usually of colored leather. The soles were made of cattle skin, of even better quality and made up of several layers. In ancient Rome residents used to carve their boots and sandals with elaborate designs.

Construction[edit]

A sandal may have a sole made from rubber, leather, wood, tatami or rope. It may be held to the foot by a narrow thong that generally passes between the first and second toe, or by a strap or lace, variously called a latchet, sabot strap or sandal, that passes over the arch of the foot or around the ankle. A sandal may or may not have a heel (either low or high) or heel strap.

Variants[edit]

Yoga sandals have thongs that pass between all of the toes.
High-heeled sandals
Sport sandals. Popular for outdoor activities.
Spiked sandals (used by devotees) in a museum, Sri Lanka
Pair of ancient leather sandals from Egypt

Among the many kinds of sandals are:

  • Caligae, a heavy-soled classical Roman military shoe or sandal for marching, worn by all ranks up to and including centurion
  • Clog can be formed as a heavy sandal, having a thick, typically wooden sole.
  • Crochet sandals[4]
  • Fisherman sandal is a type of T-bar sandal originally for men and boys. The toes are enclosed by a number of leather bands interwoven with the central length-wise strap that lies along the instep. An adjustable cross strap or bar is fastened with a buckle. The heel may be fully enclosed or secured by a single strap joined to the cross strap. The style appears to have originated in France.
  • Flip-flops are typically cheap and suitable for beach, pool, or locker room wear
  • geta, a classical Japanese form of elevated thong, traditionally of cryptomeria wood; the crosspiece is referred to as a ha, which translates to tooth
  • Grecian sandal, sandals from Greece and Salento (Italy), a (generally flat or low) sole attached to the foot by interlaced straps crossing the toes and instep, and fastening around the ankle. A similar style is sometimes called gladiator sandal
  • High-heeled sandal, a type of sandal with an elevated heel. They allow the wearer to have an open shoe while being less casual or more formal, depending on the style of the sandal.
  • Hiking and trekking sandals are designed for hiking or trekking in hot and tropical climates, usually using robust rubber outsole, suitable for any terrain, and softer EVA or Super EVA foam insole. These sandals are usually shaped to support the arched contour of the foot. The straps are usually made of polyester or nylon webbing for quick drying after exposure to acid and to minimize perspiration.[5] Also suitable for many other adventure sports and activities where quick drying and reduced perspiration is required, including rafting, traveling, paragliding, skydiving.
  • Ho Chi Minh sandals is one name for a homemade or cottage industry footwear, the soles cut from an old automobile tire and the straps cut from an inner tube. Made and worn in many countries, they became wider known in the US as worn by the rural people of Indochina during the Vietnam War, leading to the name.
  • huaraches, a flat sandal originally made from recycled rubber used by minimalist runners.
  • Jelly sandals or jelly shoes were originally a version of the classic fisherman sandal made in PVC plastic. They were invented in 1946 by Frenchman Jean Dauphant in response to a post-war leather shortage. Later designs featured translucent soft plastic in bright colours; hence the later name of jelly sandals or jellies. Recently, a whole range of styles have been produced in this material, mainly for women and girls, but the classic unisex design remains popular.
  • Jesuslatschen[6]
  • Jipsin, a traditional Korean sandal made of straw
  • Paduka are the ancient (as old as the time of the Ramayana) Indian toe-knob sandals. They are not really worn on a daily basis now except by monks or for ceremonial purposes.[7]
  • Patten, a type of oversized clog often with a wooden sole or metal device to elevate the foot and increase the wearer's height or aid in walking in mud
  • Roman sandal, a sandal held to the foot by a vamp composed of a series of equally spaced, buckled straps
  • Saltwater sandals, a flat sandal developed in the 1940s as a way of coping with wartime leather shortages, primarily worn by children
  • Soft foam sandals, invented in 1973, are made from closed-cell soft foam and uses surgical tubing for the straps. They are sold primarily along the Texas Gulf Coast in beach side gift shops.
  • T-bar sandals, primarily for children, with an enclosed heel and toe. It is fastened by a cross-wise strap or bar secured by a buckle or more recently, by Velcro. A length-wise strap extends from the vamp and joins the cross-strap over the arch of the foot to form a T shape. A common variant has two cross-straps. The toe is often pierced with a pattern of holes or slots. The sole is low-heeled and usually of crepe rubber, stitched-down to the upper. First seen in Europe and America in the early 12th century, by the 1250s they were very common for boys and girls up to their teens, but are now mainly worn by much younger children.[8] This style or similar styles are also called 'Mary Jane' shoes.
  • Waraji, Japanese straw sandals common in the Edo Period
  • Wörishofer, a ladies' sandal with a cork wedge heel
  • zōri, a flat and thonged Japanese sandal, usually made of straw, cloth, leather, or rubber

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Robbins, William G. (2005). Oregon: This Storied Land. Oregon Historical Society Press. ISBN 978-0875952864. 
  2. ^ Serv. in Virg. Ed. II. cc. (cited by Yates)
  3. ^ Wilkinson, Manners and Customs vol. iii. p. 336. (cited by Yates)
  4. ^ Crochet Sandals
  5. ^ "Sandal and Footwear Technology - SOURCE Hydration & Sandals". Retrieved 23 November 2016. 
  6. ^ DDR Museum: Sandals in GDR so called Jesuslatschen
  7. ^ Museum, Bata Shoe. "All About Shoes". Retrieved 23 November 2016. 
  8. ^ "closed-toe sandals". Retrieved 23 November 2016. 

External links[edit]

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