|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2013)|
|City of Santa Rosa|
A 7/11 store in front Santa Rosa de Lima Parish Church and beside Museo de Santa Rosa(Barangay Kanluran)
|Nickname(s): The Lion City of South Luzon,Next ICT Hub of the Philippines,Makati of the South|
|Motto: Serbisyong makatao, Lungsod na Makabago
(Humane Service, Modern City)
Map of Laguna showing the location of Santa Rosa
|Region||Region IV-A (CALABARZON)|
|Congr. district||1st district of Laguna|
|Incorporated||January 18, 1792|
|Cityhood||July 10, 2004|
|• Mayor||Arlene B. Arcillas (Liberal)|
|• Vice Mayor||Arnel D.C. Gomez (Liberal)|
|• Total||54.84 km2 (21.17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||20.3 m (66.6 ft)|
|• Density||5,200/km2 (13,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
Santa Rosa is a city in the province of Laguna, Philippines. The city lies 38 kilometres (24 mi) south of Manila via the South Luzon Expressway, making it a suburban residential community of Metro Manila. Santa Rosa is also the exit point along the expressway to go to Tagaytay.
Santa Rosa was initially known for the Coca-Cola and Toyota manufacturing plants in its industrial estates. Recently, it has also become popular for being the site of Enchanted Kingdom, a local theme park, as well as several housing developments. This city contains the 3rd largest complex in Laguna, Paseo de Santa Rosa. Santa Rosa became a city by virtue of Republic Act No. 9264, which was ratified by its residents on July 10, 2004.
Santa Rosa's land area is approximately 54.13 square kilometers (5413 hectares). It is in the western section of Laguna de Bay.
The western portion of the city occupies the numerous commercial, industrial, and business establishments, while the northern portion is primarily composed of residential areas and subdivisions, schools, industrial zones and various business establishments.
Santa Rosa is politically subdivided into 18 barangays.
In 1571, Spanish conquistador Juan de Salcedo, the grandson of Miguel López de Legazpi, founded the town of Biñan which was annexed as a barrio to Tabuco (now, Cabuyao) while exploring the region of Laguna de Bay.
In 1688, Biñan, together with Barrio Bukol (Santa Rosa, before separation from Biñan) separated from Cabuyao. After a series of renaming, separation of barrios to become independent towns, Barrio Bukol was politically emancipated as the municipality of Santa Rosa. The town was renamed after Saint Rose of Lima. The municipality of Santa Rosa was founded on January 15, 1792.
During the revolutionary period in 1898, the town was instrumental in the proclamation of Philippine independence from Spain when it signed the Act of Independence on June 12, 1898. Later on the town's local revolutionaries fought alongside the forces of Pío del Pilar during the Philippine–American War.
On February 5, 1945, the town was left abandoned by the Japanese soldiers when the local guerrilla resistance movement, with support from the American and Filipino military contingent, entered the town proper, where skirmishes, torture, and deaths occurred.
During the post-war era, until the 1970s, the townspeople were largely dependent on basic agriculture and family-owned enterprises for livelihood. The influence of industrialization slowly took shape in the 1980s with the entry of local and foreign investors who were instrumental in the fast-pace economic and social transformation of the town and the province.
|Population census of Santa Rosa|
Some inhabitants of Santa Rosa today erroneously refer to themselves as "Rosanians". But since Santa Rosa is a Spanish name, the correct demonym should be "Rosenses".
The majority of the people are Roman Catholics. Other religious groups represented include the Church of God International, the United Church of Christ in the Philippines, Jesus Is Lord Church, Baptist and Fundamental Bible churches.. Some migrants and expats have formed in 1994 the Saint Nicholas Orthodox Church (under the canonical jurisdiction of The Orthodox Metropolitanate of Hong Kong/Philippines- Ecumenical Patriarchate) in Golden City Subdivision under the pastoral care of Rev. Fr. Philemon Castro, MDiv.
Major commercial banks in the Philippines operate in the city. At this time, there are 30 banking institutions offer banking services to businesses and residents. Most of these are concentrated in Barangay Balibago, Don Jose, Macabling, Pulong Santa Cruz, and Tagapo.
Public markets in Santa Rosa are often divided into two, the dry goods section and the wet goods section. Commerce in these public markets are in full swing, especially in the early morning.
Automobile manufacturers that have plants in Santa Rosa City include Nissan Motors Co., Ltd., Toyota Motor Corporation, Honda Motor Co., Ltd., and Ford Motors. It is also the location for the headquarters of Santarosa Motor Works, Inc.
Food giant, Monde Nissin Corporation, which manufactures industry leader Lucky Me Noodles and Monde biscuits, has a plant here in its sprawling 14-hectare manufacturing facility. Santa Rosa is also home to the largest plant of The Coca-Cola Company in the Philippines, which is situated right across the Santa Rosa Exit of the South Luzon Expressway.
Santa Rosa City is accessible via South Luzon Expressway. Two exits are available namely, Santa Rosa Exit (KM 38) and Greenfield City - ETON City - ABI Exit (KM 42). A four-lane national highway was also extended from Alabang, Muntinlupa City up to Pagsanjan, Laguna across the South.
Public transportation within the city, like in most of the urban areas in the Philippines, is facilitated mostly using inexpensive jeepneys and buses. Tricycles are used for short distances. In Laguna Bel Air, residents uses exclusive multicab shuttles within the village complex.
Santa Rosa's source of electricity is part of the Manila Electric Company or Meralco. Water supply for the city is supplied by the Laguna Water Inc. Santa Rosa's communication system is powered by the Philippine Long Distance Telephone company, and Digitel Philippines. Cellular network in the Philippines particularly the metropolitan areas is increasing rapidly together with the low cost of calls and text messaging. Such big companies that control the cellular networks in the Philippines and Santa Rosa itself are Globe Telecom, Smart Communications (PLDT) and Sun Cellular from Digitel. Cable & Satellite Television access is provided by SkyCable, G Sat, Cignal Digital TV, and Royal Cable. Internet Digital Subscriber Line or DSL coverage is provided by PLDT, cable internet is serviced by Sky Cable's ZPDee and Global Destiny. Wireless broadband is provided by Globeliness Broadband and Smart Communications.
Here are some of Santa Rosa's tourist destinations:
Santa Rosa City is governed primarily by the city mayor, the vice-mayor and the city councilors. The mayor acts as the chief executive of the city while the city councilors acts as its legislative body. The vice-mayor, besides taking on mayoral responsibilities in case of a temporary vacancy, acts as the presiding officer of the city legislature. The legislative body is composed of 10 regular members and representatives from the barangay and the youth council.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Santa Rosa, Laguna.|
||Laguna de Bay|