|— County —|
|• Total||4,418 km2 (1,706 sq mi)|
|• Density||83/km2 ( 210/sq mi)|
|Telephone code||(+40) 261 or (+40) 361|
|ISO 3166 code||RO-SM|
Satu Mare County (Romanian: Judeţul Satu Mare, pronounced [ˌsatu ˈmare]) is a county (judeţ) of Romania. The capital city is Satu Mare. Besides Romanians (58.8% of the population), Satu Mare features a significant ethnic minority of Hungarians (35.2%).
Satu Mare is a multicultural city, with a population mix of Romanian, Hungarian, Roma, German and other ethnicities.
Hungarians mostly reside along the border with Hungary, but some are also scattered throughout the whole county.
Historically, Hungarians were concentrated in the cities, where administration resides, while the Romanian population was larger in the villages throughout the county. In 1930 the Hungarians were representing 41,9% of the urban population in Satu-Mare Conty and only 20,0% of the population in the villages according to census data. The proportion of different ethnic groups varied throughout the history, due to regime and political changes. After the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 the Hungarian population increased its proportion greatly, in 1880 representing 44.4% and in 1910 reaching 55.1% of the county population, according to Árpád E. Varga. After World War I the Hungarian and German population declined.
This county has a total area of 4,418 square kilometres (1,706 sq mi).
In the north are the Oaş Mountains, part of the Eastern Carpathians. This makes up around 17% of the area. The remainder is hills, forming 20% of the area, and plains. The western county takes up the Eastern part of the Pannonian Plain.
It is a member of the Carpathian euroregion.
The predominant industries in the county are:
The main tourist attractions in the county are:
Satu Mare County has 2 municipalities, 4 towns and 59 communes:
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