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Socialism: Utopian and Scientific
Socialism: Utopian and Scientific
Published: 2011/09/17
Channel: Jason Unruhe
What is SCIENTIFIC SOCIALISM? What does SCIENTIFIC SOCIALISM mean? SCIENTIFIC SOCIALISM meaning
What is SCIENTIFIC SOCIALISM? What does SCIENTIFIC SOCIALISM mean? SCIENTIFIC SOCIALISM meaning
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: The Audiopedia
The Science in "Scientific Socialism," Clip 1
The Science in "Scientific Socialism," Clip 1
Published: 2010/06/23
Channel: CEE Video Channel
Afrocentricity v. Scientific Socialism with Dr. Kmt Shockley
Afrocentricity v. Scientific Socialism with Dr. Kmt Shockley
Published: 2015/01/10
Channel: imixwhatilike
The Socialism in "Scientific Socialism": Economic Development Stages
The Socialism in "Scientific Socialism": Economic Development Stages
Published: 2010/06/24
Channel: CEE Video Channel
[Mirrored] Debate  Socialism vs Capitalism
[Mirrored] Debate Socialism vs Capitalism
Published: 2017/07/15
Channel: Xexizy
Capitalism and Socialism: Crash Course World History #33
Capitalism and Socialism: Crash Course World History #33
Published: 2012/09/06
Channel: CrashCourse
Utopian Socialism and Marxism
Utopian Socialism and Marxism
Published: 2016/07/16
Channel: Leftist Vex
Socialism in 7 Minutes
Socialism in 7 Minutes
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: Thought Monkey
The Science in "Scientific Socialism," Clip 2
The Science in "Scientific Socialism," Clip 2
Published: 2010/06/23
Channel: CEE Video Channel
Socialism: Utopian and Scientific - Chapter 1 "Utopian Socialism" (By Engels)
Socialism: Utopian and Scientific - Chapter 1 "Utopian Socialism" (By Engels)
Published: 2014/08/13
Channel: Marxist-Leninist Theory
Alan Watt (Oct 19, 2011) Scientific Socialism
Alan Watt (Oct 19, 2011) Scientific Socialism
Published: 2017/09/19
Channel: debess
Kim Jong Il - "Socialism is a science" Part One
Kim Jong Il - "Socialism is a science" Part One
Published: 2011/07/07
Channel: stimmekoreas
Socialism: Utopian and Scientific - Chapter 3 "Historical Materialism" (By Engels)
Socialism: Utopian and Scientific - Chapter 3 "Historical Materialism" (By Engels)
Published: 2014/08/13
Channel: Marxist-Leninist Theory
BLACK POWER scientific socialism and HUEY P NEWTON.
BLACK POWER scientific socialism and HUEY P NEWTON.
Published: 2013/03/22
Channel: BLACK PANTHER CHANNEL
Socialism Utopian and Scientific - FULL Audio Book - by Friedrich Engles
Socialism Utopian and Scientific - FULL Audio Book - by Friedrich Engles
Published: 2013/01/11
Channel: GreenAudioBooks
Scientific Socialism: 100 years of struggle
Scientific Socialism: 100 years of struggle
Published: 2017/10/05
Channel: Communist Party USA
[1 of 3] Alan Watt - Scientific Socialism [19th Oct, 2011]
[1 of 3] Alan Watt - Scientific Socialism [19th Oct, 2011]
Published: 2011/10/20
Channel: AWResistance
Scientific socialism is the combatant to eliminate Capitalism-Haki Kweli Shakur
Scientific socialism is the combatant to eliminate Capitalism-Haki Kweli Shakur
Published: 2014/08/17
Channel: Haki Kweli Shakur
毛泽东用兵真如神 01
毛泽东用兵真如神 01
Published: 2012/03/26
Channel: Scientific Socialism
Scientific Socialism: What Do Marxists Mean By
Scientific Socialism: What Do Marxists Mean By 'Contradiction'?
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: Caleb Maupin
Communism, A New Beginning? Day 2: Adrian Johnston: From Scientific Socialism to Socialist Science
Communism, A New Beginning? Day 2: Adrian Johnston: From Scientific Socialism to Socialist Science
Published: 2012/06/13
Channel: Verso Books
Socialism: Utopian and Scientific - Chapter 2 "Dialectics" (By Engels)
Socialism: Utopian and Scientific - Chapter 2 "Dialectics" (By Engels)
Published: 2014/08/13
Channel: Marxist-Leninist Theory
POLITICAL THEORY - Karl Marx
POLITICAL THEORY - Karl Marx
Published: 2014/12/19
Channel: The School of Life
Basic Socialism
Basic Socialism
Published: 2013/02/11
Channel: Pamela Bronder-Giroux
The Science in "Scientific Socialism," Clip 3
The Science in "Scientific Socialism," Clip 3
Published: 2010/06/23
Channel: CEE Video Channel
The Socialism in "Scientific Socialism": Capitalism
The Socialism in "Scientific Socialism": Capitalism's dynamic
Published: 2010/06/24
Channel: CEE Video Channel
Alan Watt [19th Oct 2011] - Scientific Socialism
Alan Watt [19th Oct 2011] - Scientific Socialism
Published: 2011/10/20
Channel: GoodFightUK
Is Marxism Scientific? What About the ECP? Communist Q&A Episode 1
Is Marxism Scientific? What About the ECP? Communist Q&A Episode 1
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: azureScapegoat
Somalia   Siad Barre and Scientific Socialism
Somalia Siad Barre and Scientific Socialism
Published: 2012/12/13
Channel: Xildhiban Publications
Scientific Socialism
Scientific Socialism
Published: 2014/11/25
Channel: Maca Artunduaga
What Is Marxist Socialism?
What Is Marxist Socialism?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Question Text
MISSION 3 : SCIENTIFIC SOCIALISM
MISSION 3 : SCIENTIFIC SOCIALISM
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Constanza Victoria Pensado Riveroll
Let
Let's Talk About Socialism
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: Second Opinions
[3 of 3] Alan Watt - Scientific Socialism [19th Oct, 2011]
[3 of 3] Alan Watt - Scientific Socialism [19th Oct, 2011]
Published: 2011/10/20
Channel: AWResistance
master of art scientific socialism ceremony
master of art scientific socialism ceremony
Published: 2013/11/15
Channel: Viet Le Trac
[2 of 3] Alan Watt - Scientific Socialism [19th Oct, 2011]
[2 of 3] Alan Watt - Scientific Socialism [19th Oct, 2011]
Published: 2011/10/20
Channel: AWResistance
毛泽东用兵真如神 03
毛泽东用兵真如神 03
Published: 2012/03/26
Channel: Scientific Socialism
Socialism: Utopian and Scientific "Introduction" (By Engels)
Socialism: Utopian and Scientific "Introduction" (By Engels)
Published: 2014/08/13
Channel: Marxist-Leninist Theory
Science of scientific socialism , self-determination and nation building via ujamaa.
Science of scientific socialism , self-determination and nation building via ujamaa.
Published: 2017/10/21
Channel: Bomani Shakur
'Socialism: Utopian and Scientific' By Friedrich Engels
Published: 2015/04/19
Channel: Joshua Locke
Socialism Is Dead! Long Live Socialism! by Todor Bombov
Socialism Is Dead! Long Live Socialism! by Todor Bombov
Published: 2016/10/07
Channel: SBPRA
Scientific Socialism 2
Scientific Socialism 2
Published: 2014/11/26
Channel: Maca Artunduaga
History of socialism
History of socialism
Published: 2016/08/06
Channel: WikiWikiup
Socialism Utopian and Scientific
Socialism Utopian and Scientific
Published: 2016/02/23
Channel: Michael Wood
毛泽东用兵真如神 02
毛泽东用兵真如神 02
Published: 2012/03/26
Channel: Scientific Socialism
Those who speak about scientific socialism are fraud Sayed Ashraful Islam
Those who speak about scientific socialism are fraud Sayed Ashraful Islam
Published: 2016/06/14
Channel: Boishakhi TV
Socialism Utopian and Scientific by Friedrich Engels #audiobook
Socialism Utopian and Scientific by Friedrich Engels #audiobook
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: Audiobooks
Excerpt from Engels
Excerpt from Engels' ,"Socialism fro Utopia to Science"
Published: 2008/12/09
Channel: scotchwallace
Principles of Communism by Friedrich Engels Audiobook | Audible Socialism [English]
Principles of Communism by Friedrich Engels Audiobook | Audible Socialism [English]
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: Audible Socialism
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Scientific socialism is the term first used by Friedrich Engels[1] to describe the social-political-economic theory first pioneered by Karl Marx. The purported reason why this form of socialism is "scientific socialism" (as opposed to "utopian socialism") is that it is said to be based on the scientific method, in that its theories are held to an empirical standard, observations are essential to its development, and these can result in changes and/or falsification of elements of the theory.

Although the term socialism has come to mean specifically a combination of political and economic science, it is also applicable to a broader area of science encompassing what is now considered sociology and the humanities. The distinction between utopian and scientific socialism originated with Marx, who criticized the utopian characteristics of French socialism and English and Scottish political economy. Engels later argued that utopian socialists failed to recognize why it was that socialism arose in the historical context that it did, that it arose as a response to new social contradictions of a new mode of production, i.e. capitalism. In recognizing the nature of socialism as the resolution of this contradiction and applying a thorough scientific understanding of capitalism, Engels asserted that socialism had broken free from a primitive state and become a science.[1] This shift in socialism was seen as complementary to shifts in contemporary biology sparked by Charles Darwin and the understanding of evolution by natural selection; Marx and Engels saw this new understanding of biology as essential to the new understanding of socialism, and vice versa.

Similar methods for analyzing social and economic trends and involving socialism as a product of socioeconomic evolution have also been used by non-Marxist theoreticians, such as Joseph Schumpeter and Thorstein Veblen.[citation needed]

Methodology[edit]

Scientific socialism refers to a method for understanding and predicting social, economic, and material phenomena by examining their historical trends through the use of the scientific method in order to derive probable outcomes and probable future developments. It is in contrast to what later socialists referred to as "utopian socialism"—a method based on establishing seemingly rational propositions for organizing society and convincing others of their rationality and/or desirability. It also contrasts with classical liberal notions of natural law, which are grounded in metaphysical notions of morality rather than a dynamic materialist or physicalist conception of the world.[2]

Scientific socialists view social and political developments as being largely determined by economic conditions as opposed to ideas in contrast to utopian socialists and classical liberals, and thus believe that social relations and notions of morality are context-based relative to their specific stage of economic development. Therefore, as economic systems, socialism and capitalism are not social constructs that can be established at any time based on the subjective will and desires of the population, but instead are products of social evolution. An example of this was the advent of agriculture which enabled human communities to produce a surplus; this change in material and economic development led to a change in social relations and rendered the old form of social organization based on subsistence-living obsolete and a hindrance to further material progress. Changing economic conditions necessitated a change in social organization.[1]

Critique[edit]

The philosopher of science Karl Popper in his book The Open Society and Its Enemies characterized Scientific Socialism as a pseudoscience. He argues that its method is what he calls "historicism": the method of analyzing historical trends and deriving universal laws from them. He criticizes this approach as unscientific as its claims cannot be tested and, in particular, are not subject to being disproven.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Engels, Friedrich (1880). Socialism: Utopian and Scientific. www.marxists.org. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  2. ^ Socialism and Modern Science, by Ferri, Enrico. 1912. From "Evolution and Socialism" (P.79): "Upon what point are orthodox political economy and socialism in absolute conflict? Political economy has held and holds that the economic laws governing the production and distribution of wealth which it has established are natural laws ... not in the sense that they are laws naturally determined by the condition of the social organism (which would be correct), but that they are absolute laws, that is to say that they apply to humanity at all times and in all places, and consequently, that they are immutable in their principal points, though they may be subject to modification in details. Scientific socialism holds, on the contrary, that the laws established by classical political economy, since the time of Adam Smith, are laws peculiar to the present period in the history of civilized humanity, and that they are, consequently, laws essentially relative to the period of their analysis and discovery."

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