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Religious Text Has No Meaning
Religious Text Has No Meaning
Published: 2015/10/15
Channel: Counter Arguments
Religious Texts Of India - Introduction To Hindu Scriptures | Culture Express
Religious Texts Of India - Introduction To Hindu Scriptures | Culture Express
Published: 2015/12/09
Channel: Culture Express
Hidden Mesaages in Ancient Religious Texts
Hidden Mesaages in Ancient Religious Texts
Published: 2016/01/04
Channel: Global Explorers
Religious Texts Of India - Buddhist Tipitakas | Culture Express
Religious Texts Of India - Buddhist Tipitakas | Culture Express
Published: 2016/02/03
Channel: Culture Express
The Only Religious Text with an Accurate Creation Account (God & Creation) | Hugh Ross, PhD
The Only Religious Text with an Accurate Creation Account (God & Creation) | Hugh Ross, PhD
Published: 2015/01/27
Channel: Theology, Philosophy and Science
YTP - Religious Sample Text
YTP - Religious Sample Text
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: dawnDreamer
Bob Rae
Bob Rae's Spokesman Calls Muslim Wife Beating Book Religious Text, All Religions Just As Bad
Published: 2012/03/24
Channel: Blazing Catfur
Artifact Believed to be Religious Text Uncovered in Ancient Etruscan Civillization
Artifact Believed to be Religious Text Uncovered in Ancient Etruscan Civillization
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: United News International
Philosophy as religious text
Philosophy as religious text
Published: 2016/03/27
Channel: Aluraalure
Religious text: Last books standing?
Religious text: Last books standing?
Published: 2013/01/06
Channel: stonedcommander
Why You Should Read Religious Texts (The Quran, The Bible, etc)
Why You Should Read Religious Texts (The Quran, The Bible, etc)
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: Travis Woo
Birmingham Quran:1,500-year-old religious text goes on display in UK
Birmingham Quran:1,500-year-old religious text goes on display in UK
Published: 2015/10/02
Channel: IBTimes UK
Religious Texts of India - Agamas | Culture Express
Religious Texts of India - Agamas | Culture Express
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: Culture Express
Quran - Religious Text [[ The Beautifull Voice of Noble Quran Sacred Text]]
Quran - Religious Text [[ The Beautifull Voice of Noble Quran Sacred Text]]
Published: 2015/08/08
Channel: Qurannada
Religious Text are plagiarized information!!!
Religious Text are plagiarized information!!!
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: Esoteric Knowledge369
Satanic Religious Texts
Satanic Religious Texts
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: Rj Womack
There Is Value In Religious Texts
There Is Value In Religious Texts
Published: 2017/02/25
Channel: The Mind Of Opex
FLAT EARTH BRITISH ,The Flat Earth In Religious Texts ,( Quran).
FLAT EARTH BRITISH ,The Flat Earth In Religious Texts ,( Quran).
Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: martin liedtke
Religious Text Interpretation-Buddha
Religious Text Interpretation-Buddha's 4 Noble Truth's
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: Jessie L
Destroyed (on road) Scriptures, bibles and religious text!
Destroyed (on road) Scriptures, bibles and religious text!
Published: 2011/06/29
Channel: ZabbyLand
Misbehave with religious text of Sikhs in California of America
Misbehave with religious text of Sikhs in California of America
Published: 2016/08/11
Channel: Zee News
Asbel VS. Giovanni! Do Christians Actually Read Their Religious Texts?
Asbel VS. Giovanni! Do Christians Actually Read Their Religious Texts?
Published: 2016/03/12
Channel: Prince Asbel
Religious Texts Is Based On Facts
Religious Texts Is Based On Facts
Published: 2015/07/04
Channel: TheTyshawnZone
The Quran is the central religious text of Islam Nadim nazrul islam
The Quran is the central religious text of Islam Nadim nazrul islam
Published: 2015/05/23
Channel: Entertainment ! . ! .
surat surat alquran - Religious Text
surat surat alquran - Religious Text
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: Suara Hati
Reforming Islam + The Problem with Modern Interpretations of Religious Texts with Gibran Malik
Reforming Islam + The Problem with Modern Interpretations of Religious Texts with Gibran Malik
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: TheLipTV
Jesus Christ in Vedas & Puranas. Hindu Religious texts confirm Christianity as the true religion
Jesus Christ in Vedas & Puranas. Hindu Religious texts confirm Christianity as the true religion
Published: 2015/04/05
Channel: littleflockkmb
Perspectives on Study: The Urantia Book as a Primary Religious Text (Merritt Horn)
Perspectives on Study: The Urantia Book as a Primary Religious Text (Merritt Horn)
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: UrantiaUniversity
religious texts
religious texts
Published: 2015/11/09
Channel: SigningProf
The Quran is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God
The Quran is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God
Published: 2015/04/01
Channel: Entertainment ! . ! .
سورة البقرة (Al-Baqara (Religious Text)
سورة البقرة (Al-Baqara (Religious Text)
Published: 2015/09/18
Channel: Eng.ahmed mohsen
Religious Text In Public Bathrooms...
Religious Text In Public Bathrooms...
Published: 2014/10/27
Channel: Asura Ookatsune
HUMAN TRUTHS - Ancient Religious Texts - Discussion with Joseph Lumpkin
HUMAN TRUTHS - Ancient Religious Texts - Discussion with Joseph Lumpkin
Published: 2015/09/14
Channel: Human Truths Network
Quran - Religious Text : Surat al Mulk By Syeikh Mishary Rashed Alafasy
Quran - Religious Text : Surat al Mulk By Syeikh Mishary Rashed Alafasy
Published: 2015/08/08
Channel: Qurannada
Burning of Religious Sacred Texts (Holy Books)
Burning of Religious Sacred Texts (Holy Books)
Published: 2011/04/24
Channel: FaithlessThinker
Muhammad (pbuh) in the Various World Religious Scriptures | Dr Zakir Naik | Full Lecture
Muhammad (pbuh) in the Various World Religious Scriptures | Dr Zakir Naik | Full Lecture
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Dr Zakir Naik
Black Atheists
Black Atheists' Religious Text Study Group
Published: 2014/10/09
Channel: Black Atheists Study Group
Religious Texts of India - An Introduction to the Puranas | Culture Express
Religious Texts of India - An Introduction to the Puranas | Culture Express
Published: 2016/06/29
Channel: Culture Express
What makes any religious text authoritative?
What makes any religious text authoritative?
Published: 2014/11/02
Channel: Wow Zerstoren
11 The Realistic Empirical Proof for the Religious Texts’ Interpretation
11 The Realistic Empirical Proof for the Religious Texts’ Interpretation
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: A New Mind
Hypocrite versus idiot religious text debunked
Hypocrite versus idiot religious text debunked
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: New Age Perception
Prof. Rambachan. - Hanuman Chalisa as a religious text. Dated Sept 29th 2012
Prof. Rambachan. - Hanuman Chalisa as a religious text. Dated Sept 29th 2012
Published: 2016/01/21
Channel: Discourse on Hinduism
Reading Religious Texts #Bible #attitudes
Reading Religious Texts #Bible #attitudes
Published: 2015/07/17
Channel: Garrett Ederer
Episode 5 - Hermeneutic Approaches to Religious Texts (Part 2) - By Mufti Amjad Mohammed
Episode 5 - Hermeneutic Approaches to Religious Texts (Part 2) - By Mufti Amjad Mohammed
Published: 2017/02/18
Channel: The Olive Foundation
7 Days Animation - Religious Texts
7 Days Animation - Religious Texts
Published: 2011/04/13
Channel: RCyriac
Artistically Illustrated Religious Texts -  Nataly Samara
Artistically Illustrated Religious Texts - Nataly Samara
Published: 2016/08/26
Channel: Samara Nataly
Reading Jewish Religious Texts | Ebook
Reading Jewish Religious Texts | Ebook
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: Daron Thrash
SUPERB AESTHETIC MOVEMENT ERA KRONHEIM CHROMOLITHOGRAPHIC RELIGIOUS TEXT PRINT.
SUPERB AESTHETIC MOVEMENT ERA KRONHEIM CHROMOLITHOGRAPHIC RELIGIOUS TEXT PRINT.
Published: 2013/04/11
Channel: curio vendor
BJP leader
BJP leader's shocker: 'All other religious texts western'
Published: 2011/07/21
Channel: NDTV
Mentally retarded man disfigured Sikh
Mentally retarded man disfigured Sikh's religious text in a village near Dera Bassi
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: ZEE Punjab Haryana Himachal
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The Septuagint: A page from Codex Vaticanus.

Religious texts (also known as scripture, or scriptures, from the Latin scriptura, meaning "a writing") are texts which religious traditions consider to be central to their religious practice or set of beliefs. Religious texts may be used to provide meaning and purpose, evoke a deeper connection with the divine, convey religious truths, promote religious experience, foster communal identity, and guide individual and communal religious practice. Religious texts often communicate the practices or values of a religious traditions and can be looked to as a set of guiding principles which dictate physical, mental, spiritual, or historical elements considered important to a specific religion. The terms 'sacred' text and 'religious' text are not necessarily interchangeable in that some religious texts are believed to be sacred because of their nature as divinely or supernaturally revealed or inspired, whereas some religious texts are simply narratives pertaining to the general themes, practices, or important figures of the specific religion, and not necessarily considered sacred.

It is not possible to create an exhaustive list of religious texts, because there is no single definition of which texts are recognized as religious.

History of religious texts[edit]

One of the oldest known religious texts is the Kesh Temple Hymn of Ancient Sumer,[1][2] a set of inscribed clay tablets which scholars typically date around 2600 BCE.[3] The Epic of Gilgamesh from Sumer, although only considered by some scholars as a religious text, has origins as early as 2150-2000 BCE, and stands as one of the earliest literary works that includes various mythological figures and themes of interaction with the divine.[4] The Rig Veda of ancient Hinduism is estimated to have been composed between 1700–1100 BCE, which not only denotes it as one of the oldest known religious texts, but also one of the oldest written religious text which is still actively used in religious practice to this day.

There are many possible dates given to the first writings which can be connected to Talmudic and Biblical traditions, the earliest of which is found in scribal documentation of the 8th century BCE,[5] followed by administrative documentation from temples of the 5th and 6th centuries BCE,[6] with another common date being the 2nd century BCE.[6] Although a significant text in the history of religious text because of its widespread use among religious denominations and its continued use throughout history, the texts of the Abrahamic traditions are a good example of the lack of certainty surrounding dates and definitions of religious texts.

High rates of mass production and distribution of religious texts did not begin until the invention of the printing press in 1440,[7] before which all religious texts were hand written copies, of which there were relatively limited quantities in circulation.

Associated terminology[edit]

A religious canon refers to the generally accepted, uniform, and often unchanging collection of texts which a religious denomination considers comprehensive in terms of their specific application of texts.[8] For example, the content of a Protestant Bible may differ from the content of a Catholic Bible.

The word "canon" comes from the Sumerian word meaning "standard".[8]

The terms "scripture" and variations such as "Holy Writ", "Holy Scripture" or "Sacred Scripture" are defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as terms which specifically apply to Biblical text and the Christian tradition.[9][need quotation to verify]

Hierographology (Ancient Greek: ἱερός, hieros, "sacred" or "holy"; γραφή, graphe, "writing"; λόγος, logos, "word" or "reason") (archaically also 'hierology') is the study of sacred texts.

Sacred texts of various religions[edit]

The following is an in-exhaustive list of links to specific religious texts which may be used for further, more in-depth study.

Adidam[edit]

  • The writings of Franklin Albert Jones a.k.a. Adi Da Love-Ananda Samraj
    • Aletheon
    • The Companions of the True Dawn Horse
    • The Dawn Horse Testament
    • Gnosticon
    • The Heart of the Adi Dam Revelation
    • Not-Two IS Peace
    • Pneumaton
    • Transcendental Realism

Aetherius Society[edit]

  • The Nine Freedoms

Ásatrú[edit]

Atenism[edit]

Ayyavazhi[edit]

Aztec religion[edit]

Bahá'í Faith[edit]

Books by Bahá'u'lláh

Bön[edit]

Buddhism[edit]

Ancient style of scripture used for the Pāli Canon
Theravada Buddhism
East Asian Mahayana
The Chinese Diamond Sutra, the oldest known dated printed book in the world, printed in the 9th year of Xiantong Era of the Tang Dynasty, or 868 CE. British Library.
Tibetan Buddhism

Caodaism[edit]

  • Kinh Thiên Đạo Và Thế Đạo (Prayers of the Heavenly and the Earthly Way)
  • Pháp Chánh Truyền (The Religious Constitution of Caodaism)
  • Tân Luật (The Canonical Codes)
  • Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển (Compilation of Divine Messages)[10]

Cheondoism[edit]

  • The Donghak Scripture
  • The Songs of Yongdam
  • The Sermons of Master Haeweol
  • The Sermons of Revered Teacher Euiam[11]

Christianity[edit]

Christian Bible, 1407 handwritten copy
Traditional Christianity
The Bible (left) and Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures (right) serve as the pastor of the Christian Science church.
Christian Scientists
Gnosticism
Cover page of The Book of Mormon from an original 1830 edition, by Joseph Smith, Jr.
(Image from the U.S. Library of Congress Rare Book and Special Collections Division.)
Jehovah's Witnesses
Latter Day Saint movement
Native American Church (Christian-leaning factions)
See below.
Rastafari movement
See below.
Seventh-day Adventists
Swedenborgianism
See below.
Unification Church
See below.

Confucianism[edit]

Discordianism[edit]

Druidism[edit]

Druze[edit]

Ancient Egyptian religion[edit]

Pyramid texts from Teti I's pyramid.
Old Kingdom
First Intermediate Period and Middle Kingdom
Second Intermediate Period

Etruscan religion[edit]

The Cippus of Perugia, 3rd or 2nd century BCE

Ancient Greece[edit]

Hermeticism[edit]

Hinduism[edit]

Śruti
The Bhagavad Gita is Lord Krishna's counsel to Arjuna on the battlefield of the Kurukshetra.
Smriti
In Purva Mimamsa
In Vedanta (Uttar Mimamsa)
In Yoga
In Samkhya
  • Samkhya Sutras of Kapila
In Nyaya
In Vaisheshika
  • Vaisheshika Sutras of Kanada
In Vaishnavism
  • Vaikhanasa Samhitas
  • Pancaratra Samhitas
  • Divyaprabandam
In Saktism
In Kashmir Saivism
In Pashupata Shaivism
  • Pashupata Sutras of Lakulish
  • Panchartha-bhashya of Kaundinya (a commentary on the Pashupata Sutras)
  • Ganakarika
  • Ratnatika of Bhasarvajna
In Shaiva Siddhanta
  • 28 Saiva Agamas
  • Tirumurai (canon of 12 works)
  • Meykandar Shastras (canon of 14 works)
In Gaudiya Vaishnavism
Krishna-karnamrita
In Lingayatism
In Kabir Panth
In Dadu Panth

Islam[edit]

11th Century North African Qur'an in the British Museum
  • The Quran (also referred to as Kuran, Koran, Qur’ān, Coran or al-Qur’ān) – Four books considered to be revealed and mentioned by name in the Qur'an are the Quran (revealed to Muhammad), Tawrat (revealed to Musa), the Zabur (revealed to Dawud) and the Injil (revealed to Isa)
  • Hadith, reports of the deeds and sayings of Muhammad.

Jainism[edit]

Svetambara
  • 11 Angas
    • Secondary
      • 12 Upangas, 4 Mula-sutras, 6 Cheda-sutras, 2 Culika-sutras, 10 Prakirnakas
Digambara
Nonsectarian/Nonspecific
  • Jina Vijaya
  • Tattvartha Sutra
  • GandhaHasti Mahabhashya (authoritative and oldest commentary on the Tattvartha Sutra)

Judaism[edit]

A Sefer Torah opened for liturgical use in a synagogue service
Rabbinic Judaism
See also: Rabbinic literature
Kabbalism
Hasidism
Karaite Judaism
Haymanot

Konkokyo[edit]

  • Konkokyo Kyōten (Sacred Scriptures of Konkokyo)
    • Oshirase-Goto Obobe-Chō
    • Konko Daijin Oboegaki
    • Gorikai I
    • Gorikai II
    • Gorikai III[13]

Mandaeanism[edit]

  • The Ginza Rba
  • Book of the Zodiac
  • Qolusta, Canonical Prayerbook
  • Book of John the Baptizer
  • Diwan Abatur, Purgatories
  • 1012 Questions
  • Coronation of Shislam Rba
  • Baptism of Hibil Ziwa
  • Haran Gawaita

Manichaeism[edit]

  • The Evangelion (Greek: Εὐαγγέλιον, meaning roughly "good news"). Also known as the Gospel of Mani and The Living Gospel
  • the Treasure of Life
  • the Pragmateia (Greek: πραγματεία)
  • the Book of Mysteries
  • The Book of Giants
  • the Epistles
  • the Psalms and Prayers. A Coptic Manichaean Psalter, discovered in Egypt in the early 1900s, was edited and published by Charles Allberry from Manichaean manuscripts in the Chester Beatty collection and in the Berlin Academy, 1938–9.
  • The Shabuhragan
  • The Arzhang
  • The Kephalaia (Greek: Κεφάλαια), "Discourses", found in Coptic translation.

Maya religion[edit]

Meher Baba[edit]

Native American Church[edit]

  • The Bible (among Christian-leaning factions only)

New Age religions[edit]

Various New Age religions may regard any of the following texts as inspired:

Orphism[edit]

Raëlism[edit]

Rastafari movement[edit]

Ravidassia[edit]

Amritbani Satguru Ravidass Ji Ki-Holy Book of Ravidassia Religion

Samaritanism[edit]

Satanism[edit]

Science of Mind[edit]

Scientology[edit]

Shinto[edit]

Sikhism[edit]

Illuminated Guru Granth folio with Mul Mantar(basic religion mantra) with signature of Guru Gobind Singh.

Spiritism[edit]

Sumerian[edit]

Swedenborgianism[edit]

The New Church
The General Church

Taoism[edit]

Tenrikyo[edit]

Thelema[edit]

Unarius Academy of Science[edit]

  • The Voice of Venus

Unification Church[edit]

Urantianism[edit]

Wicca[edit]

Yârsân[edit]

Yazidi[edit]

Yorùbá[edit]

Zoroastrianism[edit]

Yasna 28.1 (Bodleian MS J2)
  • Primary religious texts, that is, the Avesta collection:
    • The Yasna, the primary liturgical collection, includes the Gathas.
    • The Visperad, a collection of supplements to the Yasna.
    • The Yashts, hymns in honor of the divinities.
    • The Vendidad, describes the various forms of evil spirits and ways to confound them.
    • shorter texts and prayers, the Yashts the five Nyaishes ("worship, praise"), the Sirozeh and the Afringans (blessings).
  • There are some 60 secondary religious texts, none of which are considered scripture. The most important of these are:
    • The Denkard (middle Persian, 'Acts of Religion'),
    • The Bundahishn, (middle Persian, 'Primordial Creation')
    • The Menog-i Khrad, (middle Persian, 'Spirit of Wisdom')
    • The Arda Viraf Namak (middle Persian, 'The Book of Arda Viraf')
    • The Sad-dar (modern Persian, 'Hundred Doors', or 'Hundred Chapters')
    • The Rivayats, 15th-18th century correspondence on religious issues
  • For general use by the laity:
    • The Zend (lit. commentaries), various commentaries on and translations of the Avesta.
    • The Khordeh Avesta, Zoroastrian prayer book for lay people from the Avesta.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kramer, Samuel (1942). "The Oldest Literary Catalogue: A Sumerian List of Literary Compositions Compiled about 2000 B.C.". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. 88: 10–19 – via JSTOR. 
  2. ^ Sanders, Seth (2002). "Old Light on Moses' Shining Face". Vetus Testamentum. 52: 400–406 – via EbscoHost. 
  3. ^ Enheduanna; Meador, Betty De Shong (2009-08-01). Princess, priestess, poet: the Sumerian temple hymns of Enheduanna. University of Texas Press. ISBN 9780292719323. 
  4. ^ George, Andrew (2002-12-31). The Epic of Gilgamesh: The Babylonian Epic Poem and Other Texts in Akkadian and Sumerian. Penguin. ISBN 9780140449198. 
  5. ^ "The Yahwist". Contradictions in the Bible. 2012-12-23. Retrieved 2016-12-06. 
  6. ^ a b Jaffee, Martin S. (2001-04-19). Torah in the Mouth: Writing and Oral Tradition in Palestinian Judaism 200 BCE-400 CE. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198032236. 
  7. ^ "The History Guide". www.historyguide.org. Retrieved 2016-12-06. 
  8. ^ a b Ulrich, Eugene (2002). "The Notion and Definition of Canon". The Canon Debate. pp. 21–35. 
  9. ^ "scripture - definition of scripture in English | Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries | English. Retrieved 2016-12-06. 
  10. ^ "Caodaism In A Nutshell". 
  11. ^ chondogyo.or.kr Archived February 18, 2005, at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ Eastern Orthodox also generally divide Baruch and Letter of Jeremiah into two books instead of one. The enumeration of the Books of Ezra is different in many Orthodox Bibles, as it is in all others: see Wikipedia's article on the naming conventions of the Books of Esdras.
  13. ^ "Sacred Scripture (Kyoten) - KONKOKYO". 

External links[edit]

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