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Illinois' Flag and its Story
Published: 2014/11/25
Channel: Wanderlust Wisdom: Travel, History, & Science
Illinois Flag
Illinois Flag
Published: 2007/09/01
Channel: JimPlowman
What Are The Colors Of The Illinois State Flag?
What Are The Colors Of The Illinois State Flag?
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: new sparky
Illinois - 50 States - US Geography
Illinois - 50 States - US Geography
Published: 2014/01/26
Channel: Socratica
Happy 4th July at Navy Pier with American, Chicago and Illinois flags
Happy 4th July at Navy Pier with American, Chicago and Illinois flags
Published: 2016/07/04
Channel: Malakhone Sonethavong
(1818-1968) SEAL OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS, SESQUICENTENNIAL TOKEN MEDAL
(1818-1968) SEAL OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS, SESQUICENTENNIAL TOKEN MEDAL
Published: 2015/01/16
Channel: bubbajim
How to Draw the Utah State Flag
How to Draw the Utah State Flag
Published: 2015/06/01
Channel: Jaxon Nielson
Independence Day: man told to remove American flag on his balcony by condo management - TomoNews
Independence Day: man told to remove American flag on his balcony by condo management - TomoNews
Published: 2016/07/02
Channel: TomoNews US
New Hampshire
New Hampshire's Flag and its Story
Published: 2014/11/24
Channel: Wanderlust Wisdom: Travel, History, & Science
Thousands of MARTIAL LAW Signs Spotted By Truck Load In Illinois
Thousands of MARTIAL LAW Signs Spotted By Truck Load In Illinois
Published: 2013/09/25
Channel: Jason A
Students react to ISIS flag burning on MU campus
Students react to ISIS flag burning on MU campus
Published: 2015/10/08
Channel: ABC 17 News
Illinois is home to more more nuclear power reactors than than any other U.S. state.  The AP
Illinois is home to more more nuclear power reactors than than any other U.S. state. The AP's Rober
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: AP Archive
Illinois Top Court Strikes Down Medical Malpractice Caps
Illinois Top Court Strikes Down Medical Malpractice Caps
Published: 2010/02/05
Channel: newmediajournal
Heads Up RADCON 5 Alert Illinois - Cali Extremely High Also
Heads Up RADCON 5 Alert Illinois - Cali Extremely High Also
Published: 2014/11/15
Channel: Susan Duclos
Proposal for redesign of Nebraska State Flag
Proposal for redesign of Nebraska State Flag
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: 3 News Now
Michigan - 50 States - US Geography
Michigan - 50 States - US Geography
Published: 2015/10/09
Channel: Socratica
American flag picked up, re-positioned by Good Samaritan
American flag picked up, re-positioned by Good Samaritan
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: Fox News
The DEAD and DEPRESSING Huntley Outlet Center (CLOSED MAY 2017)
The DEAD and DEPRESSING Huntley Outlet Center (CLOSED MAY 2017)
Published: 2017/02/11
Channel: Elevators +More
Flag Burning FAILS - These un-American Fools Get Instant Karma!
Flag Burning FAILS - These un-American Fools Get Instant Karma!
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: Conservative Daily Post
Pennsylvania State Symbols
Pennsylvania State Symbols
Published: 2014/05/20
Channel: Wanderlust Wisdom: Travel, History, & Science
Oregon Veteran Has Emotional Message For Those Who Are Burning Flags
Oregon Veteran Has Emotional Message For Those Who Are Burning Flags
Published: 2017/01/21
Channel: The Common Sense Conservative
Missouri
Missouri's Flag and its Story
Published: 2014/11/25
Channel: Wanderlust Wisdom: Travel, History, & Science
Week 1 Preview: Ball State at Illinois
Week 1 Preview: Ball State at Illinois
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Big Ten Network
Hawaii - 50 States - US Geography
Hawaii - 50 States - US Geography
Published: 2014/01/21
Channel: Socratica
Fixing Your Flags!
Fixing Your Flags!
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: Bizarre Bits
List of U.S. state, district, and territorial insignia
List of U.S. state, district, and territorial insignia
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: Search Engine
Nebraska
Nebraska's Flag and its Story
Published: 2014/12/02
Channel: Wanderlust Wisdom: Travel, History, & Science
The United States: Maps, Flags and Seals - What Is The Admission Date of Hawaii?
The United States: Maps, Flags and Seals - What Is The Admission Date of Hawaii?
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: VideoStreet77
Paver Protector Brick Paver Cleaning Sealing & Repair in Illinois
Paver Protector Brick Paver Cleaning Sealing & Repair in Illinois
Published: 2017/01/27
Channel: PaverProtector
What is the meaning of Wyoming state flag?
What is the meaning of Wyoming state flag?
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: Teen Kids News
Bone Student Center seal restoration
Bone Student Center seal restoration
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: Illinois State University
Indiana - 50 States - US Geography
Indiana - 50 States - US Geography
Published: 2014/01/29
Channel: Socratica
Ball State vs. Illinois (Defense)
Ball State vs. Illinois (Defense)
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Illinois Football Breakdown
Louisiana - 50 States - US Geography
Louisiana - 50 States - US Geography
Published: 2014/02/15
Channel: Socratica
Flag of Missouri
Flag of Missouri
Published: 2007/02/02
Channel: ChannelMissouri
Delaware - 50 States - US Geography
Delaware - 50 States - US Geography
Published: 2014/01/10
Channel: Socratica
NAVY Veteran says GET OUT NOW
NAVY Veteran says GET OUT NOW
Published: 2009/11/10
Channel: William WAGENER
Pissed Off Cop Protecting Guy With Confederate Flag Shuts Screaming Libs Up With 6 Words
Pissed Off Cop Protecting Guy With Confederate Flag Shuts Screaming Libs Up With 6 Words
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: Breaking News 365
False Flag Computer BANKING VIRUS to Roll Out Martial Law? Susanne Posel [1 of 2]
False Flag Computer BANKING VIRUS to Roll Out Martial Law? Susanne Posel [1 of 2]
Published: 2012/08/12
Channel: SGTreport
Missouri - 50 States - US Geography / US History
Missouri - 50 States - US Geography / US History
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: Socratica
ILLINOIS SHOOTING STARS VS. SAINT LOUIS SURGE BASKETBALL GAME
ILLINOIS SHOOTING STARS VS. SAINT LOUIS SURGE BASKETBALL GAME
Published: 2015/06/17
Channel: BeastUp Films
Florida - 50 States - US Geography
Florida - 50 States - US Geography
Published: 2014/01/12
Channel: Socratica
Alabama - 50 States - US Geography
Alabama - 50 States - US Geography
Published: 2013/12/23
Channel: Socratica
US Navy (Pass And Review) Graduation 2013
US Navy (Pass And Review) Graduation 2013
Published: 2013/01/25
Channel: Paul Begley
Welcome to U.S. Navy Boot Camp
Welcome to U.S. Navy Boot Camp
Published: 2011/03/07
Channel: America's Navy
Montana - 50 States - US Geography / American History
Montana - 50 States - US Geography / American History
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: Socratica
Navy Graduation
Navy Graduation
Published: 2011/01/29
Channel: Chey Matthews
Kansas - 50 States - US Geography
Kansas - 50 States - US Geography
Published: 2014/02/07
Channel: Socratica
Arpaio: Mess with Flag, Get Bread & Water
Arpaio: Mess with Flag, Get Bread & Water
Published: 2014/01/27
Channel: Western Journalism
Connecticut - 50 States - US Geography
Connecticut - 50 States - US Geography
Published: 2014/01/09
Channel: Socratica
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Seal of Illinois)
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State of Illinois
Flag of Illinois.svg
Use Civil and state flag
Proportion 3:5
Adopted June 27, 1969; 48 years ago (1969-06-27)
Design Seal of Illinois on a white field
Designed by Sharon Tyndale
Great Seal of the State of Illinois
Seal of Illinois.svg
Details
Armiger State of Illinois
Adopted 1868
Motto "State Sovereignty, National Union"
Illinois state historical coat of arms (illustrated, 1876)

The Great Seal of the State of Illinois is the official emblem of the state, and signifies the official nature of a document produced by the state of Illinois. The flag of the state of Illinois consists of the seal of Illinois on a white background, with the word "Illinois" underneath the seal. The present seal was adopted in 1869, the flag bearing the central elements of the seal was adopted in 1915, and the word Illinois was added to the flag in 1970.

Design[edit]

The current flag depicts the Great Seal of Illinois, which was originally designed in 1819 and emulated the Great Seal of the United States. In the eagle's beak there is a banner with the state motto, "State Sovereignty, National Union." The dates on the seal, 1818 and 1868, represent the year Illinois became a state and the year in which the Great Seal was redesigned by Sharon Tyndale. Although "State Sovereignty" comes first in the motto, "State" is at the bottom and "Sovereignty" is upside-down.[1]

Seal history[edit]

The first Great Seal of the State of Illinois was adopted in 1819 by the first Illinois General Assembly. The first law authorizing the Great Seal required the Secretary of State of Illinois to procure and keep the seal.[2] The first seal engraved was essentially a duplicate of the Great Seal of the United States. It was used until 1839, when it was recut. The seal designed in 1839 became the Second Great Seal.[3]

Illinois Secretary of State Sharon Tyndale spearheaded the drive to create a third state seal for Illinois. In 1867, he asked State Senator Allen C. Fuller to introduce legislation requiring a new seal, and suggested to Fuller that the words of the state motto be reversed, from "State Sovereignty, National Union", to "National Union, State Sovereignty". However, the bill passed by the legislature on March 7, 1867,[4] kept the original wording. Despite declining his suggestion, the legislature nonetheless entrusted Tyndale with designing the new seal.[3] And Tyndale managed to (literally) twist the legislature's intent; he kept the words in the correct order on the banner, but the banner twists, so the word "Sovereignty" is upside down, arguably making it less readable.

Tyndale's seal features a bald eagle pitched on a rock carrying a shield in its talons and a banner with the state motto in its beak. Thirteen stars and thirteen stripes on the shield represent the original thirteen states of the Union. The date August 26, 1818, when Illinois's first constitution was adopted in Kaskaskia, appears along the bottom arc of the circle, and 1818, the year of statehood, displays on the seal below 1868, the year the current seal was adopted. This basic design has survived through several minor modifications since it was first conceived. The Illinois Secretary of State is still the keeper of the Great Seal of the State of Illinois.[3]

Flag history[edit]

Ella Park Lawrence holds the original Illinois state flag, ca. 1915.
Illinois's flag from 1915-1969

Initial adoption, 1915[edit]

During her time as state regent of the Daughters of the American Revolution in 1912, Ella Park Lawrence began a campaign to have Illinois adopt a state flag.[5] She was unsuccessful during her time as state regent, but continued to lobby members of the Illinois General Assembly to adopt a state flag as a member of the Rockford chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution.[5] On April 1, 1914, Lawrence sent a letter to every Illinois chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution announcing a contest to design an Illinois state flag, with the winner receiving a prize of $25.[5] Thirty-five designs were submitted in response to this contest.[5]

The contest was judged by a panel chaired by Lewis Stevenson, Illinois Secretary of State. They selected the design of Lucy Derwent.[5] The flag became the official state banner on July 6, 1915, following its passage in the Illinois State House and Senate.[5] Governor Edward F. Dunne did not sign the bill, but he did not veto it.[6]

1969 alterations[edit]

In the 1960s, Chief Petty Officer Bruce McDaniel petitioned to have the name of the state added to the flag. He noted that many of the people he served with during the Vietnam War did not recognize the banner. Governor Richard B. Ogilvie signed the addition to the flag into law on September 17, 1969, and the new flag was designed by Mrs. Sanford Hutchinson and became the official flag on July 1, 1970.[7]

Illinois Centennial design[edit]

Illinois Centennial flag by Wallace Rice

For Illinois's first 100 years of statehood in 1918, Wallace Rice, who designed Chicago's flag, designed a centennial flag for the state. It had three horizontal bands of equal width alternating white, blue, white. It was charged with 21 stars along the edge of the hoist. There were 10 blue stars in the upper white band and 10 in the lower white band, representing the 10 northern and 10 southern states at the time of Illinois' statehood in 1818. The center blue band had one large, white star for the state of Illinois itself.[8]

Government seals of Illinois[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Seal of the State of Illinois". CyberDrive Illinois. CyberDrive Illinois. February 9, 1996. Archived from the original on February 10, 2012. Retrieved February 10, 2012. 
  2. ^ https://archive.org/stream/illinoisknowyour00bart#page/30/mode/2up/search/seal
  3. ^ a b c Office of the Illinois Secretary of State (2007-03-31). "Illinois Handbook of Government: 2007-2008" (PDF). p. 134. Secretary of State of Illinois. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-12-03. Retrieved 2007-09-14. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ a b c d e f Barbara Schock, "Ella Park Lawrence, Mother of the Illinois State Flag," Presented to the Galesburg Woman's Club May 12,2007.
  6. ^ Office of the Illinois Secretary of State (2007-03-31). "Illinois Handbook of Government: 2007-2008" (PDF). p. 135. Secretary of State of Illinois. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-12-03. Retrieved 2007-09-14. 
  7. ^ Illinois.gov - Illinois Facts - Official State Flag
  8. ^ Illinois Anniversary Flags

External links[edit]

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