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Difference Between hatchback vs Sedan model in hindi
Difference Between hatchback vs Sedan model in hindi
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Channel: Engineers Adda
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TOP 10 Sports Sedan Cars 2015
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TOP 10 Luxury Sedan Cars 2015
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2016 - 2017 Compact Sedan Comparison - Kelley Blue Book
2016 - 2017 Compact Sedan Comparison - Kelley Blue Book
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Channel: Kelley Blue Book
Type of cars(hatchback, sedan, s.u.v)
Type of cars(hatchback, sedan, s.u.v)
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SUV  vs Sedan -  Which one is good compare cars.
SUV vs Sedan - Which one is good compare cars.
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2018 LEXUS LS 500 LUXURY CAR - BEST SEDAN IN THE WORLD?
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2016 Honda Civic Sedan - Perfect Car
2016 Honda Civic Sedan - Perfect Car
Published: 2015/10/19
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Comparison Test: $23,000 Compact Sedan Challenge
Comparison Test: $23,000 Compact Sedan Challenge
Published: 2017/05/10
Channel: MotorWeek
The Ides Of March - "Vehicle"
The Ides Of March - "Vehicle"
Published: 2009/07/17
Channel: VinylNostalgia
Hatchback or Sedan, मेरे लिए कौन सी बेहतर? Hatchback from Maruti, skoda, Volkswagen, Ford or Tata
Hatchback or Sedan, मेरे लिए कौन सी बेहतर? Hatchback from Maruti, skoda, Volkswagen, Ford or Tata
Published: 2017/08/24
Channel: Ask CarGuru
New 2016, 2017 Toyota Crown biggest luxury sedan is Ready for car market
New 2016, 2017 Toyota Crown biggest luxury sedan is Ready for car market
Published: 2016/05/22
Channel: 4You AutoManija
2018 Honda Civic Sedan - Exterior and Interior - Automobile Barcelona 2017
2018 Honda Civic Sedan - Exterior and Interior - Automobile Barcelona 2017
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: Automobile Classics
World
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8 Car Showdown | Mid-Size Sedan Comparison Test | Autocar India
8 Car Showdown | Mid-Size Sedan Comparison Test | Autocar India
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2016 Hyundai Genesis-The Luxury Sedan You Never Knew You Wanted!
Published: 2015/11/25
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TOP 5 Luxury Sedan Cars 2016
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Car and Driver: Tested : 2013 Tesla Model S - Review - CAR and DRIVER
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TOP 5 Luxury Sedan Cars 2017
TOP 5 Luxury Sedan Cars 2017
Published: 2016/04/27
Channel: Alaatin61
2018 Fiat Tipo Sedan 1.4 95 Easy - Exterior and Interior - Salon Automobile Lyon 2017
2018 Fiat Tipo Sedan 1.4 95 Easy - Exterior and Interior - Salon Automobile Lyon 2017
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Channel: Automobile Classics
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What Is The Meaning Of Sedan Car?
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1920 Paige 6-24 Sedan #439-ndy Gateway Classic Cars - Indianapolis
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2017 Honda Civic Sedan - PRODUCTION
2017 Honda Civic Sedan - PRODUCTION
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: CAR TV
TOP 5 FASTEST Luxury Sedan Car 2018
TOP 5 FASTEST Luxury Sedan Car 2018
Published: 2017/08/02
Channel: AutoMoHo
1934 Plymouth 4 door Sedan - Vintage Classic Automobile
1934 Plymouth 4 door Sedan - Vintage Classic Automobile
Published: 2011/09/28
Channel: RamblinAround
Comparison Test: Luxury Sedan Challenge
Comparison Test: Luxury Sedan Challenge
Published: 2017/07/07
Channel: MotorWeek
1933 Buick Series 50 Model 57 Sedan - Straight 8 Cylinder - Classic Automobile
1933 Buick Series 50 Model 57 Sedan - Straight 8 Cylinder - Classic Automobile
Published: 2011/08/14
Channel: RamblinAround
2015 Mercedes-Benz S-Class Sedan -- Video Walk Around
2015 Mercedes-Benz S-Class Sedan -- Video Walk Around
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Channel: Mercedes-Benz USA
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Top 5 Luxury Cars 2017 - Best Luxury Sedan Cars
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2002 Saab 9-5 Aero Turbo Sedan Vehicle Overview
2002 Saab 9-5 Aero Turbo Sedan Vehicle Overview
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TOP10 Best Luxury Sedan Cars 2016 - Find the best Luxury Sedan Cars 2016
TOP10 Best Luxury Sedan Cars 2016 - Find the best Luxury Sedan Cars 2016
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2017 Cadillac CTS-V Sedan - Exterior and Interior - Zürich Car Show 2016
2017 Cadillac CTS-V Sedan - Exterior and Interior - Zürich Car Show 2016
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: Automobile Classics
2005 Honda Accord EX L Sedan Used Car For Sale NJ
2005 Honda Accord EX L Sedan Used Car For Sale NJ
Published: 2014/12/19
Channel: Auto Ad Builder
1924 MOON SEDAN --  A UNIQUE INNOVATIVE TWENTIES CAR
1924 MOON SEDAN -- A UNIQUE INNOVATIVE TWENTIES CAR
Published: 2013/07/12
Channel: 55lincoln
1930 Ford Model A High Boy Sedan for sale Old Town Automobile in Maryland
1930 Ford Model A High Boy Sedan for sale Old Town Automobile in Maryland
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: OldTownAutomobile
1941 Willys Sedan Aqua for sale Old Town Automobile in Maryland
1941 Willys Sedan Aqua for sale Old Town Automobile in Maryland
Published: 2014/11/18
Channel: OldTownAutomobile
The Mercedes-Benz F125! Research Vehicle - Luxury Sedan Concept Car
The Mercedes-Benz F125! Research Vehicle - Luxury Sedan Concept Car
Published: 2011/11/18
Channel: Mercedes-Benz USA
Audi RS3 Sportback + Sedan OFFICIAL TRAILER - 400 HP Fast Car Auto
Audi RS3 Sportback + Sedan OFFICIAL TRAILER - 400 HP Fast Car Auto
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: GommeBlog.it: Car & Performance
Luxury sedan Lifan 820 2016, 2017 model launched on the Chinese car market
Luxury sedan Lifan 820 2016, 2017 model launched on the Chinese car market
Published: 2016/05/24
Channel: 4You AutoManija
What Is The Difference Between Sedan And Hatchback Cars?
What Is The Difference Between Sedan And Hatchback Cars?
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: Sparky Insurance
1938 Ford V-8 Sedan Automobile Parked Front of stately home
1938 Ford V-8 Sedan Automobile Parked Front of stately home
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: MyFootage.com
1937 Ford Sedan Slantback Street Rod for sale Old Town Automobile in Maryland
1937 Ford Sedan Slantback Street Rod for sale Old Town Automobile in Maryland
Published: 2016/08/03
Channel: OldTownAutomobile
2018 Renault Megane Sedan GT-Line - Exterior and Interior - Salon Automobile Lyon 2017
2018 Renault Megane Sedan GT-Line - Exterior and Interior - Salon Automobile Lyon 2017
Published: 2017/10/06
Channel: Automobile Classics
Cadillac Sedan De Ville Smarmy Luxury Car Commercial, 1990
Cadillac Sedan De Ville Smarmy Luxury Car Commercial, 1990
Published: 2013/01/17
Channel: vintagecommercial
My Top 10 Most Expensive Car In The World | Luxary Car | Sedan Cars
My Top 10 Most Expensive Car In The World | Luxary Car | Sedan Cars
Published: 2016/03/16
Channel: All Top Things
Automobile | Chevrolet Impala: Large Sedan With Midsize Agility
Automobile | Chevrolet Impala: Large Sedan With Midsize Agility
Published: 2017/11/21
Channel: Automobile
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Typical pillar configurations of a sedan (three box), station wagon (two box) and hatchback (two box) from the same model range (1998-2005 Ford Focus)

A sedan /sɪˈdæn/ (American, Canadian, Australian, and New Zealand English) or saloon (British, Irish and Indian English) is a passenger car in a three-box configuration with A, B & C-pillars and principal volumes articulated in separate compartments for engine, passenger and cargo.[1] The passenger compartment features two rows of seats and adequate passenger space in the rear compartment for adult passengers. The cargo compartment is typically in the rear, with the exception of some rear-engined models, such as the Renault Dauphine, Tatra T613, Volkswagen Type 3 and Chevrolet Corvair. It is one of the most common car body styles. A battery electric liftback such as the Tesla Model S has no engine compartment, but a front cargo compartment and a rear compartment for cargo or optionally for additional passengers.

Types of sedans[edit]

1962 Rambler Classic 2- and 4-door sedans

The primary purpose of the sedan is to transport people and their baggage on ordinary roads.[2] Sedan versions of the automobile body style have a central pillar (B-pillar) that supports the roof and come in two- and four-door versions.[3] Sedans usually have a two-box or three-box body.[2]

In the U.S., the term sedan has been used to denote a car with fixed window frames, as opposed to the hardtop style without a "B" pillar and where the sash or window frame, if any, winds down with the glass. Popular in the U.S. from the 1950s through the 1970s, true hardtop body designs have become increasingly rare.[citation needed]

The shape and position of the automobile greenhouse on both two- and four-door sedans may be identical, with only the center B-pillar positioned further back to accommodate the longer doors on the two-door versions. For example, 1962 Rambler Classic sedans feature identical windshield, A-pillar, roof, C-pillar, and rear window. The two-door sedans have longer doors and include roll down rear side window and even a quarter window that is shaped to follow the reverse slant of the C-pillar, just like on the rear doors of the four-door sedans.[4]

Club sedans[edit]

1938 Cadillac Club Sedan

A two- or four-door design built on a normal chassis, but with a shorter roof and interior space, club sedans were most often available in high-level U.S. models from the mid-1920s to the mid-1950s.[5] Originating from the club car on a Pullman passenger train that was well appointed, the "club" term imparted a sense of class to the smaller-cabin versions in the range of models.[5]

Notchback sedans[edit]

1962 Chevrolet Impala, a typical notchback sedan

A notchback sedan is a three-box sedan, where the passenger volume is clearly distinct from the trunk volume of the vehicle (when seen from the side). The roof is on one plane, generally parallel to the ground, the rear window at a sharp angle to the roof, and the trunk lid is also parallel to the ground.

Fastback sedans[edit]

1941 Plymouth fastback sedan

A fastback sedan is a two-box sedan, with continuous slope from the roof to the base of the decklid (trunk lid), but excludes the hatchback feature. Marketing terminology is often misleading in this area - for example, Daimler AG incorrectly calls the Mercedes-Benz CLS-Class sedan a four-door coupé because its semi-fastback design tries to give the impression of a coupé.[citation needed] Certain sedans are edging close[weasel words] to being one-box vehicles, where the windshield is steeply raked from the hood/bonnet and the rear window slopes toward almost the end of the car, leaving just a short rear deck that is part of the trunk lid — the 2006 4-door JDM Honda Civic is an example of this.[citation needed] They are not fastbacks because their bodyline changes from the roof to the rear deck. Their steeply raked rear windows end with a decklid that does not continue down to the bumper. Instead, their rear ends are tall — sometimes in a Kammback style — to increase trunk space.

Typically this design is chosen for its aerodynamic advantages. Automakers can no longer afford the penalty in fuel consumption produced by the traditional notchback three box form.[citation needed]

Hardtop sedans[edit]

1958 AMC Ambassador hardtop

In historic terminology, a sedan will have a frame around the door windows, while the hardtop has frameless door glass. A true hardtop design also has no center or "B" pillar for roof support behind the front doors).[6] This pillarless body style offers greater visibility.[7] However, it requires extra underbody strengthening for structural rigidity. The hardtop design can be considered separately (i.e., a vehicle can be simply called a four-door hardtop), or it can be called a hardtop sedan. During the 1960s and 1970s, hardtop sedans were often sold as sport sedans by several American manufacturers and they were among the top selling body styles. During the 1980s, automakers in the U.S. focused on removing weight and increasing strength, and their new four-door sedans with B-pillars were called pillared hardtops or pillared sedans. The sport sedan term has since been appropriated for other uses. In Japan the hardtop design was used for several luxury-type sedans during the 1990s.

Hatchback sedans[edit]

Chevrolet Malibu Maxx hatchback sedan

Hatchback (a.k.a. liftback) sedans typically have the fastback profile, but instead of a trunk lid, the entire back of the vehicle lifts up (using a liftgate or hatch). A vehicle with four passenger doors and a liftgate at the rear can be called a four-door hatchback, five-door hatchback, four-door hatchback sedan, or five-door sedan. An example of such is the Chevrolet Malibu Maxx and Audi A5 Sportback. There can also be two-door hatchback sedans (three-door sedans), by the same technical explanation for two-door sedans. Examples of this design are the Ford Focus, Ford Fiesta, Volkswagen Golf, Chevrolet Chevette and Daewoo Nexia(Opel Kadett E)

Chauffeured sedans[edit]

The Lincoln Town Car is often used as a chauffeured car in the U.S.

Strictly speaking limousine sedans have a separate compartment for the driver and the passenger compartment is long enough to contain at least two comfortable, forward-facing bench seats. Vehicles used for these means are usually Lincoln Town Car, Cadillac, Mercedes-Benz, or Rolls-Royce.[citation needed]

The term limousine can refer to a large sedan, especially if hired from a service. Chauffeured limousines are primarily used by individuals for weddings, businesses for meetings, as well as for airport and sightseeing transportation. Chauffeurs are professional drivers, usually with experience in the transportation industry or tourism industry. Chauffeured sedans are owned either by private owners, livery services, or corporations. Large corporations as well as governments commonly provide luxury sedans to top executives, as well as VIP guests[citation needed] Chauffeured sedans, such as the Lincoln Town Car, may also be stretched into limousines that are capable of seating up to twenty people.

Terminology[edit]

Sedan chair carried by two people

Origin[edit]

The word sedan is possibly derived from a southern Italian dialect derivative of Italian sedia "chair" (the first sedan was said to have been introduced from Naples). However, Portuguese and Spanish navigators and colonists encountered litters of various sorts in India, Japan, Mexico, and Peru. They were imported into Spain in the late sixteenth century. Soon the fashion spread into France and then England. All the names for these derived from the root "sed-" from the Latin "sella" - the traditional name for a carried chair.[8]

The Online Etymology Dictionary points to Italian (sedia = chair) & Latin (sedere = sit) origins for the term 'sedan'. Online Etymology Dictionary

The first automobile to use the configuration was the 1899 Renault Voiturette Type B. The first closed car, for at least 4 persons, which used the word sedan was the 1911 Speedwell sedan, which was manufactured by the Speedwell Motor Car Company in Dayton, Ohio.[9] But even before that time completely closed cars were called saloons or limousines, like the 1905 Rational 4-door limousine[10] or the 1907 Renault 4-door limousine[11] or the 1910 Stella 2-door saloon.[12] The words saloon or limousine do not exclusively mean a fully closed car.[13] Cars which are called sedans are almost always fully closed. The term "convertible sedan" was used in the 1930s to describe a car with a soft, foldable top and roll-up windows, very much like a convertible coupe.

The derivation from the town of Sedan, Ardennes in France, where it was said to have been made or first used, lacks historical evidence, according to Oxford English Dictionary.

International terminology[edit]

In American English and American Spanish, the term sedan is used (accented as "sedán" in Spanish). The engine compartment, at the front, is covered by the hood; the cargo compartment at the rear is called the trunk.

In British English, a car of this configuration is called a saloon. The engine compartment cover is the bonnet, the cargo-compartment boot is at the rear. Hatchback sedans are known simply as hatchbacks (not hatchback saloons); long-wheelbase luxury saloons may be referred to as limousines. A sports sedan with hatchback rear are typically called hot hatches in UK, but this usage is largely limited to upgraded small cars.

The British English term saloon is sometimes used by British car manufacturers in the United States. For example, the Rolls-Royce Park Ward was sold as a saloon in the United States, while the smaller Silver Seraph was called a sedan.

In Australia the American term sedan is used, albeit with the British terms boot and bonnet being used. In New Zealand the British terms "boot", "bonnet" and "windscreen" are most commonly used, but the American terms are understood by most of the population. However, the American terms "sedan" and "station wagon" are predominantly used, with "saloon" only finding occasional usage, particularly in the field of motor racing. In other languages, sedans are known as berline (French), berlina (European Spanish, European Portuguese, Romanian, and Italian); although these terms also may include hatchbacks. These terms, besides sedan, derive from types of horse-drawn carriages. In German, the term Limousine is used for sedans, and "Stretch-Limousine" for limousines.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Car Design Glossary - Part 2: One-Box (Monospace or Monovolume)". Car Design News. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 9 September 2015. The principal volumes of the traditional sedan can be split into separate compartments or boxes: the hood/bonnet is the first box; the passenger compartment the second, and the trunk/boot the third - i.e. it's a 'three-box' car. 
  2. ^ a b Morello, Lorenzo (2011). The automotive body - Volume I, Components design. Springer. p. 184. ISBN 9789400705128. Retrieved 9 September 2015. 
  3. ^ Duffy, James (2008). Auto Body Repair Technology (Fifth ed.). Cengage Learning. pp. 27–28. ISBN 9781418073541. Retrieved 9 September 2015. 
  4. ^ "1962 Rambler Brochure". oldcarbrochures.com. pp. 6–7. Retrieved 9 September 2015. 
  5. ^ a b Haajanen, Lennart W. (2007). Illustrated Dictionary of Automobile Body Styles. McFarland. p. 43. ISBN 9780786437375. Retrieved 9 September 2015. 
  6. ^ Thomas, Alfred; Jund, Michael (2009). Collision repair and refinishing: a foundation course for technicians. Cengage Learning. p. 164. ISBN 978-1-4018-8994-4. Retrieved 28 February 2013. 
  7. ^ "Rambler has everything new - even a hardtop wagon". Popular Mechanics. 105 (1): 116–117. January 1956. Retrieved 28 February 2013. 
  8. ^ T. Atkinson Jenkins. "Origin of the Word Sedan", Hispanic Review, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Jul., 1933), pp. 240-242.
  9. ^ Georgano, G.N. (1985). Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886-1930. London: Grange-Universal. page 87
  10. ^ Georgano, G.N.: The Complete Encyclopedia of Motorcars: 1885 to the Present, 2. Ausgabe, E. P. Dutton, New York (1973), page 573, ISBN 0-525-08351-0
  11. ^ Georgano, G. N.: The Complete Encyclopedia of Motorcars: 1885 to the Present, 2. Ausgabe, E. P. Dutton, New York (1973), page 578, ISBN 0-525-08351-0
  12. ^ Georgano, G.N.: The Complete Encyclopedia of Motorcars: 1885 to the Present, 2. Ausgabe, E. P. Dutton, New York (1973), page 649, ISBN 0-525-08351-0
  13. ^ There are many photos of half open limousines and saloons in the book "The Complete Encyclopedia of Motorcars: 1885 to the Present" by Georgano, G.N..

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Sedans at Wikimedia Commons

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