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Semantic field
Semantic field
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: Mrs Reid
semantic field
semantic field
Published: 2013/11/18
Channel: Avijit Pandit
Lexical Semantic Relations
Lexical Semantic Relations
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Nettles by Vernon Scannell - Semantic Field and Extended Metaphor
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Linguistic Bites: Semantic Fields!
Linguistic Bites: Semantic Fields!
Published: 2017/07/19
Channel: English Lens
Semantic field
Semantic field
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Channel: Mrs Reid
The Infinite Spiral Staircase, Part Two: Semantic Field Theory, with Chris H. Hardy
The Infinite Spiral Staircase, Part Two: Semantic Field Theory, with Chris H. Hardy
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Channel: New Thinking Allowed
the semantic field of concrete
the semantic field of concrete
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: aviramcs1
Songwriting - 2 Minute Tip (Semantic Field)
Songwriting - 2 Minute Tip (Semantic Field)
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: kirkmanmusic
Honest Theology - Episode 3 (Word Studies Using the Semantic Field)
Honest Theology - Episode 3 (Word Studies Using the Semantic Field)
Published: 2017/03/13
Channel: kggospel
SEMANTIC FIELDS - Alyson Andrade (URCA -Crato)
SEMANTIC FIELDS - Alyson Andrade (URCA -Crato)
Published: 2015/03/05
Channel: Alyson Andrade
Conforce - Semantic Field
Conforce - Semantic Field
Published: 2016/08/05
Channel: Conforce
Building semantic fields
Building semantic fields
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: Matthew Freeman
The Semantic Field of Space and the Production of the Arab Gulf City
The Semantic Field of Space and the Production of the Arab Gulf City
Published: 2016/06/21
Channel: UChicago Social Sciences
What Is The Meaning Of Lexical Semantics?
What Is The Meaning Of Lexical Semantics?
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: Funny Question
English Semantics are Hard
English Semantics are Hard
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: FREGE: A Logic Course Elaine Rich, Alan Cline
What is LEXICAL SEMANTICS? What does LEXICAL SEMANTICS mean? LEXICAL SEMANTICS meaning
What is LEXICAL SEMANTICS? What does LEXICAL SEMANTICS mean? LEXICAL SEMANTICS meaning
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: The Audiopedia
Semantic Field
Semantic Field
Published: 2014/01/22
Channel: Marilú Urquizo Martínez
the semantic field of concrete \\ final project 2014
the semantic field of concrete \\ final project 2014
Published: 2014/06/30
Channel: aviramcs1
Introduction to Semantics
Introduction to Semantics
Published: 2015/11/04
Channel: Ashton English
Semantic Field (feat. Marina P)
Semantic Field (feat. Marina P)
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Channel: Various Artists - Topic
Expanding the Semantic Field
Expanding the Semantic Field
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: anies birds - Topic
Semantic field assignment
Semantic field assignment
Published: 2014/10/26
Channel: anitajank
Hyponymy and hypernymy
Hyponymy and hypernymy
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: WikiWikiup
What Are Semantic Networks?
What Are Semantic Networks?
Published: 2014/05/23
Channel: Aidan Wood
The Use of Advanced Data Compression Algorithms in Semantic-Field Shift Computations (ADCASEFCO)
The Use of Advanced Data Compression Algorithms in Semantic-Field Shift Computations (ADCASEFCO)
Published: 2009/09/19
Channel: SchweinpegResearch
How to add User Defined Fields to the HANA Semantic Layers
How to add User Defined Fields to the HANA Semantic Layers
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: Sap Business One North America
Semantics #4 - Prototype Theory
Semantics #4 - Prototype Theory
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: Ling Troduction
Semantic Web
Semantic Web
Published: 2007/10/09
Channel: GoogleTechTalks
의미장 ( Semantic Field )  / 어휘장 ( Lexical Field ) 3: 좌석과 의자
의미장 ( Semantic Field ) / 어휘장 ( Lexical Field ) 3: 좌석과 의자
Published: 2016/08/06
Channel: 90keng
What is COMPONENTIAL ANALYSIS? What does COMPONENTIAL ANALYSIS mean? COMPONENTIAL ANALYSIS meaning
What is COMPONENTIAL ANALYSIS? What does COMPONENTIAL ANALYSIS mean? COMPONENTIAL ANALYSIS meaning
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: The Audiopedia
Benefactor Epigraphic Study of a Graeco Roman and New Testament Semantic Field
Benefactor Epigraphic Study of a Graeco Roman and New Testament Semantic Field
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: bxcbx xcbcxb
Лекция 1. «Насилие: семантическое поле»/ Training 1. «Violence: Semantic Field»
Лекция 1. «Насилие: семантическое поле»/ Training 1. «Violence: Semantic Field»
Published: 2017/09/26
Channel: Знание остановит гендреное насилие: поиск новых решений
LOSAR BY TIBETAN VILLAGERS at a village in Arunachal south Tibet AS PER CHINA
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Published: 2012/06/24
Channel: arunachalsingh
Gaussian Conditional Random Field Network for Semantic Segmentation
Gaussian Conditional Random Field Network for Semantic Segmentation
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: Mitsubishi Electric Research Labs (MERL)
How to Pronounce Semantic Field
How to Pronounce Semantic Field
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: Dictionary Voice
A field approach to the semantic drift - Borås workshop
A field approach to the semantic drift - Borås workshop
Published: 2016/04/11
Channel: PERICLES Project
TWed Discussion: Laura Kinkead on "Automating Semantic Metadata Collection in the Field" (11 Mar ...
TWed Discussion: Laura Kinkead on "Automating Semantic Metadata Collection in the Field" (11 Mar ...
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: Tetherless World
Listening Post - Feature: US Memorial Day - A semantic mine field
Listening Post - Feature: US Memorial Day - A semantic mine field
Published: 2012/06/18
Channel: Al Jazeera English
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Published: 2017/02/16
Channel: Victoria Côté
Video Nugget: Synchronicity with Chris H. Hardy
Video Nugget: Synchronicity with Chris H. Hardy
Published: 2017/08/31
Channel: New Thinking Allowed
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Published: 2007/10/11
Channel: webmissile
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Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: standupprogrammer
Revise GCSE English Literature -  Unseen Poetry - with Game of Thrones!
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Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: English Through Experience
The Infinite Spiral Staircase, Part Three: Cosmic DNA at the Origin, with Chris H. Hardy
The Infinite Spiral Staircase, Part Three: Cosmic DNA at the Origin, with Chris H. Hardy
Published: 2015/12/08
Channel: New Thinking Allowed
Semantic Segmentation using Higher-Order Markov Random Fields
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Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: Microsoft Research
Gaussian Conditional Random Field Network for Semantic Segmentation
Gaussian Conditional Random Field Network for Semantic Segmentation
Published: 2016/09/02
Channel: ComputerVisionFoundation Videos
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Published: 2013/01/07
Channel: Hari Kafle
Barbara Fatyga - CopyCamp 2013
Barbara Fatyga - CopyCamp 2013
Published: 2013/10/16
Channel: Fundacja Nowoczesna Polska
[배동희 영어] 5월31일토익후기: 하버드출신스타강사 YBMno.1배동희
[배동희 영어] 5월31일토익후기: 하버드출신스타강사 YBMno.1배동희
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: speedtoeic DHB
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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In linguistics, a semantic field is a set of words grouped semantically (by meaning) that refers to a specific subject.[1][2] The term is also used in anthropology,[3] computational semiotics,[4] and technical exegesis.[5]

Definition and usage[edit]

Brinton (2000: p. 112) defines "semantic field" or "semantic domain" and relates the linguistic concept to hyponymy:

"Related to the concept of hyponymy, but more loosely defined, is the notion of a semantic field or domain. A semantic field denotes a segment of reality symbolized by a set of related words. The words in a semantic field share a common semantic property."[6]

A general and intuitive description is that words in a semantic field are not necessarily synonymous, but are all used to talk about the same general phenomenon.[7] Synonymy requires the sharing of a sememe or seme, but the semantic field is a larger area surrounding those. A meaning of a word is dependent partly on its relation to other words in the same conceptual area.[8] The kinds of semantic fields vary from culture to culture and anthropologists use them to study belief systems and reasoning across cultural groups.[7]

Andersen (1990: p. 327) identifies the traditional usage of "semantic field" theory as:

"Traditionally, semantic fields have been used for comparing the lexical structure of different languages and different states of the same language."[9]

History[edit]

The origin of the field theory of semantics is the lexical field theory introduced by Jost Trier in the 1930s,[10]:31 although according to John Lyons it has historical roots in the ideas of Wilhelm von Humboldt and Johann Gottfried Herder.[1] In the 1960s Stephen Ullmann saw semantic fields as crystallising and perpetuating the values of society.[10]:32 For John Lyons in the 1970s words related in any sense belonged to the same semantic field,[10]:32 and the semantic field was simply a lexical category, which he described as a lexical field.[10]:31 Lyons emphasised the distinction between semantic fields and semantic networks.[10]:31 In the 1980s Eva Kittay developed a semantic field theory of metaphor. This approach is based on the idea that the items in a semantic field have specific relations to other items in the same field, and that a metaphor works by re-ordering the relations of a field by mapping them on to the existing relations of another field.[11] Sue Atkins and Charles J. Fillmore in the 1990s proposed frame semantics as an alternative to semantic field theory.[12]

Semantic shifts[edit]

The semantic field of a given word shifts over time—see "semantic shift". For example, the English word "man" used to mean "human being" exclusively, while today it predominantly means "adult male," but its semantic field still extends in some uses to the generic "human" (see Mannaz).

Overlapping semantic fields are problematic, especially in translation. Words that have multiple meanings (called polysemous words) are often untranslatable, especially with all their connotations. Such words are frequently loaned instead of translated. Examples include "chivalry" (literally "horsemanship", related to "cavalry"), "dharma" (literally, "support"), and "taboo".

Anthropological discourse[edit]

Semantic field theory has informed the discourse of Anthropology as Ingold (1996: p. 127) relates:

"Semiology is not, of course, the same as semantics. Semiology is based on the idea that signs have meaning in relation to each other, such that a whole society is made up of relationally held meanings. But semantic fields do not stand in relations of opposition to each other, nor do they derive their distinctiveness in this way, nor indeed are they securely bounded at all. Rather, semantic fields are constantly flowing into each other. I may define a field of religion, but it soon becomes that of ethnic identity and then of politics and selfhood, and so on. In the very act of specifying semantic fields, people engage in an act of closure whereby they become conscious of what they have excluded and what they must therefore include."[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Howard Jackson, Etienne Zé Amvela, Words, Meaning, and Vocabulary, Continuum, 2000, p14. ISBN 0-8264-6096-8
  2. ^ Pamela B. Faber, Ricardo Mairal Usón, Constructing a Lexicon of English Verbs, Walter de Gruyter, 1999, p67. ISBN 3-11-016416-7
  3. ^ a b Ingold, Tim (1996). Key debates in anthropology. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-15020-5, ISBN 978-0-415-15020-0. Source: [1] (accessed: Sunday May 2, 2010), p.127
  4. ^ Andersen, Peter Bøgh (1990). A theory of computer semiotics: semiotic approaches to construction and assessment of computer systems. Volume 3 of Cambridge series on human-computer interaction. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-39336-1, ISBN 978-0-521-39336-2. Source: [2] (accessed: Sunday May 2, 2010), p.327
  5. ^ DA Carson, Exegetical Fallacies, section "Expansion of an Expanded Semantic Field"
  6. ^ Brinton, Laurel J. (2000). The structure of modern English: a linguistic introduction. Illustrated edition. John Benjamins Publishing Company. ISBN 9789027225672. Source: [3] (accessed: Sunday May 2, 2010), p.112
  7. ^ a b Adrian Akmajian, Richard A. Demers, Ann K. Farmer, Robert M. Harnish, Linguistics, MIT Press, 2001, p239. ISBN 0-262-51123-1
  8. ^ Jaakko Hintikka, Aspects of Metaphor, Springer, 1994, p41. ISBN 0-7923-2786-1
  9. ^ Andersen, Peter Bøgh (1990). A theory of computer semiotics: semiotic approaches to construction and assessment of computer systems. Volume 3 of Cambridge series on human-computer interaction. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-39336-1, ISBN 978-0-521-39336-2. Source: [4] (accessed: Sunday May 2, 2010), p.327
  10. ^ a b c d e David Corson, Using English Words, Springer, 1995. ISBN 0-7923-3711-5
  11. ^ Josef Judah Stern, Metaphor in Context, MIT Press, 2000, p242. ISBN 0-262-19439-2
  12. ^ Pamela B. Faber, Ricardo Mairal Usón, Constructing a Lexicon of English Verbs, Walter de Gruyter, 1999, p73. ISBN 3-11-016416-7

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