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Old Chong Pang in Sembawang
Old Chong Pang in Sembawang
Published: 2016/03/02
Channel: huangsunxun
Crocodile spotted at Singapore Sembawang and Causeway area
Crocodile spotted at Singapore Sembawang and Causeway area
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: Singapore Incidents
Crocodile 🐊 spotted in singapore, sembawang!!
Crocodile 🐊 spotted in singapore, sembawang!!
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: iman 7388
On The Red Dot - Episode 70. Sembawang... That
On The Red Dot - Episode 70. Sembawang... That's My Backyard.
Published: 2014/03/27
Channel: Kamal Abu Serah
2-year-old boy still being held hostage at Sembawang
2-year-old boy still being held hostage at Sembawang
Published: 2016/09/28
Channel: The Star Online
2017 Mar 12 - Sembawang - SMRT Bus Crashes
2017 Mar 12 - Sembawang - SMRT Bus Crashes
Published: 2017/03/13
Channel: Alexandria School of Science
Singapore sembawang shipyard
Singapore sembawang shipyard
Published: 2015/07/28
Channel: ravi ravi
Misteri Jam 12 - DJKC @ Sembawang Part.1 of 3 (2012)
Misteri Jam 12 - DJKC @ Sembawang Part.1 of 3 (2012)
Published: 2012/01/27
Channel: DJKC897
2017 Feb 09 - Sembawang - Car Stack Accident
2017 Feb 09 - Sembawang - Car Stack Accident
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: Alexandria School of Science
Parc Life-Minutes
Parc Life-Minutes' Walk to Sembawang MRT, Bus Interchange, Sun Plaza
Published: 2016/03/30
Channel: Parc Life EC
Sembawang
Sembawang
Published: 2014/08/24
Channel: MH Bin Katab
SINGAPORE: Sembawang Park Walk
SINGAPORE: Sembawang Park Walk
Published: 2014/06/23
Channel: apgclh
Parc Life : Sensational Sembawang
Parc Life : Sensational Sembawang
Published: 2016/03/17
Channel: Parc Life FCL
Man locks himself in Sembawang flat with a child
Man locks himself in Sembawang flat with a child
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: Straits Times
Sembawang Beach in Singapore
Sembawang Beach in Singapore
Published: 2011/06/14
Channel: Si Thu Win
Sembawang Rd
Sembawang Rd
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: captainpegs07
Sembawang Fight
Sembawang Fight
Published: 2016/03/25
Channel: Chen Ming Lim
MJ12 Misteri Jam 12 - Sembawang - KKKS 117
MJ12 Misteri Jam 12 - Sembawang - KKKS 117
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: Misteri Jam 12 Kronik MJ12
Interior of the Sembawang flat
Interior of the Sembawang flat
Published: 2016/09/28
Channel: Straits Times
Schoolgirl Knocked Down by Taxi at Sembawang Singapore
Schoolgirl Knocked Down by Taxi at Sembawang Singapore
Published: 2014/02/20
Channel: mitsueki
Ghost at sembawang carpark B3
Ghost at sembawang carpark B3
Published: 2015/02/05
Channel: Muhd Razlan
The Best 5 Places to Eat, Play & Relax in Sembawang
The Best 5 Places to Eat, Play & Relax in Sembawang
Published: 2016/04/19
Channel: Sph BrandInsider
WaterCove at Sembawang Park
WaterCove at Sembawang Park
Published: 2017/05/11
Channel: eng60340
SoShiok: Sembawang White Bee Hoon
SoShiok: Sembawang White Bee Hoon
Published: 2014/12/01
Channel: SPH Razor
Accident at Sembawang Road on April 23, 2017
Accident at Sembawang Road on April 23, 2017
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Straits Times
SEMBAWANG TOUR
SEMBAWANG TOUR
Published: 2017/01/08
Channel: Adora Tan
BUAYA ALERT Di Sembawang
BUAYA ALERT Di Sembawang
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: Kurumbu Tv
စင္ကာပူ ဆမ္ဘာဝမ္း ျမန္မာသၾကၤန္ ၂၀၁၇ Myanmar Water Festival Thingyan 2017 in Sembawang, Singapore
စင္ကာပူ ဆမ္ဘာဝမ္း ျမန္မာသၾကၤန္ ၂၀၁၇ Myanmar Water Festival Thingyan 2017 in Sembawang, Singapore
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: bajis Video
High Element - FOCUSAdventure Sembawang
High Element - FOCUSAdventure Sembawang
Published: 2014/06/18
Channel: Danda Ermawan
Sembawang God of wealth Temple
Sembawang God of wealth Temple
Published: 2012/09/11
Channel: godofwealthify
beside my house @ sembawang fishing (Kim bak lor)
beside my house @ sembawang fishing (Kim bak lor)
Published: 2015/09/29
Channel: Qy Wang
HDB FOR SALE 359 Sembawang
HDB FOR SALE 359 Sembawang
Published: 2016/07/22
Channel: HDB HERO
East Bistro Sembawang Singapore
East Bistro Sembawang Singapore
Published: 2015/08/13
Channel: Johor Kaki
Buaya besar  timbul di Sembawang, Singapura
Buaya besar timbul di Sembawang, Singapura
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: My Kaki Tube
Sembawang Hot Spring
Sembawang Hot Spring
Published: 2015/02/21
Channel: Andy Lee
[Singapore] White Restaurant Sembawang Bee Hoon
[Singapore] White Restaurant Sembawang Bee Hoon
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: dfantaxy
Sembawang and Nee Soon History
Sembawang and Nee Soon History
Published: 2010/11/13
Channel: sofeaswang
STINGRAY CAUGHT AT SEMBAWANG PARK
STINGRAY CAUGHT AT SEMBAWANG PARK
Published: 2015/04/19
Channel: jojo potato FCC
Hike Singapore - Marsiling, Woodlands, Mandai, Sembawang, Yishun
Hike Singapore - Marsiling, Woodlands, Mandai, Sembawang, Yishun
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: Adventures Unlimited
Singapore to Sembawang Drydock
Singapore to Sembawang Drydock
Published: 2015/03/31
Channel: bacon on a boat
Sembawang Calisthenics Youth Run Performance 2K17
Sembawang Calisthenics Youth Run Performance 2K17
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: Taufiq Salihin
Sembawang hostage case: Man charged with possession of knuckle-duster
Sembawang hostage case: Man charged with possession of knuckle-duster
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: Exbb ita
Sembawang Place
Sembawang Place
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Star Learners Child Care Centre
Grill and Pasta Sembawang Hills Hawker Centre
Grill and Pasta Sembawang Hills Hawker Centre
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: guitar singapore travels
Kayak - Sungei Khatib Bongsu - Sembawang Coastline
Kayak - Sungei Khatib Bongsu - Sembawang Coastline
Published: 2015/04/03
Channel: Yeezer Mac
​SkyPark Residences EC near Sembawang MRT station​,​ Canberra Primary ​and ​Secondary​ school.​
​SkyPark Residences EC near Sembawang MRT station​,​ Canberra Primary ​and ​Secondary​ school.​
Published: 2015/09/23
Channel: william wang
Masjid Pertempatan Melayu Sembawang  NOV 2015
Masjid Pertempatan Melayu Sembawang NOV 2015
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: yusmistico
Sembawang Marine Offshore Engineering (SMOE) - Bohai Shi You
Sembawang Marine Offshore Engineering (SMOE) - Bohai Shi You
Published: 2012/05/22
Channel: surrealpicturessg
Sembawang Town Council
Sembawang Town Council
Published: 2011/04/19
Channel: SembawangTC
SEMBAWANG HOT SPRING, ONE & ONLY IN SINGAPORE!
SEMBAWANG HOT SPRING, ONE & ONLY IN SINGAPORE!
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: jakesavideo
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Sembawang
Planning Area and HDB Town
Other transcription(s)
 • Chinese 三巴旺
胜宝旺
 • Pinyin Sān Bā Wàng
Shèng Băo Wàng
 • Malay Sembawang
 • Tamil செம்பவாங்
Sembawang Estate.jpg Senoko Power Station.JPG
K. Mugungwha (ship, 2008).jpg
MRT viaduct in Sembawang Singapore.jpg Wak Hassan Beach.jpg
From top left to right: HDB flats along Sungei Sembawang, Senoko Power Station, Sembawang Shipyard, MRT viaduct in Sembawang, Wak Hassan Beach
Sembawang is located in Singapore
Sembawang
Sembawang
Location of Sembawang within Singapore
Coordinates: 1°26′56.8″N 103°49′6.58″E / 1.449111°N 103.8184944°E / 1.449111; 103.8184944
Country  Singapore
Region

North Region


CDC
Town council
  • Sembawang Town Council
Constituency
Government
 • Mayor

North West CDC


 • Members of Parliament

Sembawang GRC

Area[1][2]
 • Total 12.34 km2 (4.76 sq mi)
 • Residential 3.31 km2 (1.28 sq mi)
Population (2015)[1][2]
 • Total 76,530
 • Density 6,200/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)

Official

  • Sembawang resident

Colloquial

  • Sembawanger
  • Sembawangian
  • Sembawangite
Dwelling units 20,311
Projected ultimate 65,000

Sembawang (Chinese: 三巴旺, Tamil: செம்பவாங்) is a planning area and residential town located at the northernmost tip of the North Region of Singapore. The relative location of Sembawang makes it Singapore's closest point to Peninsular Malaysia.

Sembawang planning area is bordered by Simpang to the east, Mandai to the south, Yishun to the southeast, Woodlands to the west and the Straits of Johor to the north.

Despite the relatively large development in the Sembawang New Town, the area remains largely suburban, with military, industrial and recreational facilities at its periphery. It hosted a major naval base and port facilities since the early 20th century, and continues to handle regular shipping traffic today along its wharves.

Etymology[edit]

The earliest reference to Sembawang is found in Franklin and Jackson's 1830 Map of Singapore, which refers to the River Tambuwang. The place is said to have got its name from the Sembawang tree, (Kayae ferruginea), which has been renamed Mesua ferruginea from 1980. This tree can be seen at Carpark C1, Sembawang Park.

History[edit]

The Sembawang area in the early twentieth century was the site of the Nee Soon Rubber estate. During the colonial times, Sembawang was home to a major British naval base, its construction of which began in 1928 and was completed in 1938.[3] The base included dockyards, wharves and workshops, as well as supporting administrative, residential and commercial areas. The Naval Base has since been handed over to the Singapore government, which in 1968 converted it into a commercial dockyard (as Sembawang Shipyard, now part of Singapore Exchange-listed SembCorp Marine) that went on to become SembCorp, a major state-owned industrial conglomerate.

Military[edit]

A flight of RAAF Avro Lincoln bombers overflying Singapore Naval Base, June 1953.
External image
Sembawang Naval Pier
Sembawang Naval Pier, circa 1990s

The completion of Royal Navy's Singapore Naval Base (also known as HMS Sembawang) in 1938 and RAF Sembawang (also known as HMS Simbang) in March 1940 marked the start of military presence in Sembawang. In February 1942, both bases were partially torched and wrecked by the retreating British forces during the Battle of Singapore to deny their use by units of the advancing Imperial Japanese Army. After the end of World War II in 1945, both bases were reverted to British control and would eventually go on to play an important part in Britain's continued military presence in the Far East (along with the three other RAF bases in Singapore: RAF Changi, RAF Seletar and RAF Tengah) during the critical period of Malayan Emergency (1948–1960), the Brunei Revolt in 1962 and during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation (1962–1966).

Despite the withdrawal of British forces from Singapore in 1971 and the handover of the Singapore Naval Base to the Singapore Government in 1968, the British Ministry of Defence (MoD) continues to maintain a small logistics base at Sembawang wharf to control most of the foreign military activities there, which includes repair, refuel and resupply for ships of the Australian, British and New Zealand navies as well as those from other Commonwealth countries under the auspices of Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA).[4] This special arrangement was also extended to the United States Navy since early 1960s to support the American involvement in the Vietnam War.[4][dead link]

As part of a 1990 agreement between Singapore and the United States, American military forces (primarily naval and air force) have been making use of Sembawang's base facilities. The Task Force 73/Commander, Logistics Group Western Pacific (COMLOG WESTPAC) command has been headquartered in Sembawang since 1992, providing logistic support for the US 7th Fleet in its operations in the Pacific and Southeast Asia.[5]

Sembawang Camp[edit]

The Sembawang Camp is a Singapore Armed Forces military base on Admiralty Road, open only to military personnel on official business. The camp houses the 1st and 3rd Transport Battalion of the Singapore Army, as well as the Republic of Singapore Navy's Naval Diving Unit (NDU). Also, the compound housing the Naval Diving Unit was previously known as Terror Camp in deference to the old admin and Officers club section of the Royal Naval facility which was called HMS Terror.

Land reclamation[edit]

Extensive land reclamation throughout Singapore has left Sembawang with one of the country's last natural beaches,[6][7] the Wak Hassan Beach located at Sembawang Park. Today, the vegetable farms, rubber plantations and Chinese graveyards surrounding the former naval base have given way to modern housing, especially in the 1990s during the development of a New town by the Singapore Housing and Development Board. The town remains a major port, with Sembawang Wharves handling a high volume of bulk commodities cargo, such as timber and rubber.[8]

Roads and waterways[edit]

Sembawang Road is one of the key roads built to connect the naval base to the city centre in the South. This road began as a track in the 1920s and was officially named Sembawang Road in 1938. Buses operated by various private companies were then the main mode of transport. The thoroughfare was also dotted with many villages along its length: Chye Kay Village, Sungei Simpang Village, Chong Pang Village, Sembawang Village. Most of these villages were cleared during the 1970s–1990s to make way for Yishun and Sembawang New Towns. The last of the villages, Kampong Wak Hassan, was cleared in 1998. Present day Sembawang Road is a major arterial road linking the Northern and Central portion of Singapore.

Many other roads in Sembawang are named after various Royal Navy dockyards, warships, admirals, countries and cities. Examples include Wellington, Canberra, Canada, Gibraltar, Kenya and Falkland. These names were given during the previous British administration, and reflect the town's history as a British naval base.

The main river running through Sembawang, the 4-kilometre (2.5 mi) long Sungei Sembawang, flowed along a winding route and ended to the west of Sembawang Shipyard. Its middle section was diverted in the 1920s to provide the land needed for the British Naval Base. During the 1970s, the Northern portions of the river was straightened and canalized. The Southern portions of the river, which consisted of mangroves, ponds and grassland, was filled in during the 1990s in preparation for the development of Sembawang New Town.

Infrastructure[edit]

Planning and construction[edit]

The planning of Sembawang New Town was first mentioned in the Urban Redevelopment Authority's Planning Report in 1996. This Development Guide Plan, with the aid of zoning maps, highlights the various land zoning proposals, which eventually led to the creation of Sembawang New Town. This provides an interesting perspective to the development of the town. The Sembawang Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) Station serves as the central hub, around which residential, commercial as well as industrial zones mushroomed.

Public housing[edit]

The Housing and Development Board (HDB) flats in the Sembawang Planning Area have been split among three divisions, each of which is represented by a member of parliament. The North West Community Development Council (CDC) is the local administration, initiating, planning and managing community programmes to promote community bonding and social cohesion.

Main facilities[edit]

Sembawang MRT Station

The new town contains some of the most common communal facilities found in Singapore, such as:

Attractions[edit]

Bottle Tree Village (Closed Down)[edit]

The Bottle Tree Village is located at the end of Jalan Mempurong and is known for its Bottle Trees (Brachychiton rupestris) flown in from Queensland, Australia. Apart from these, other Australian flora can be spotted in the surroundings.

Sembawang Park[edit]

Sembawang Park, a 15 hectare tranquil park developed in the 1970s and maintained by the National Parks Board, is situated at the Northern tip of Sembawang Road. One of the few parks in Singapore with a natural beach, the Wak Hassan Beach, this park is a heaven for city dwellers who are tired of the never-ending concrete buildings and sky-scrapers. It's a popular spot for campers as well as families who wish to spend an idyllic day by the beach. One can dine at the Beaulieu House, built in 1910, which was the residence of Admiral Sir Geoffrey Layton (Commander-in-Chief British Eastern Fleet, 1940–1942). A wide range of fauna and flora awaits visitors, ranging from the spectacular Cannon Ball tree (Couroupita guianensis) to the many species of birds which have made the park their nesting grounds.[9]

Sembawang Park Connector[edit]

The Sembwang Park Connector is part of the Park Connector Network managed by the National Parks Board. As their name imply, these connectors aim to form a continuous loop which would hopefully connect all the major parks within Singapore. The Sembawang Park Connector runs parallel to Sungei Sembawang, a canal which serves as the demarcation between Woodlands and Sembawang New Towns.

Simpang Kiri Park Connector[edit]

The Simpang Kiri Park Connector demarcates the Southern border of Sembawang New Town, starting from the southernmost tip of Canberra Link and terminating at Jalan Mempurong, where the Bottle Tree Village and Masjid Penempatan Melayu Sembawang can be found. It follows the river Sungei Simpang Kiri which is 5-kilometres long.

Sembawang Hot Spring[edit]

The Sembawang Hot Spring, discovered in 1909, is located near the junction of Sembawang Road and Gambas Avenue, on Jalan Ulu Sembawang. It is Singapore mainland's only natural hot spring and was once bottled for sale under the label Seletaris by Fraser and Neave, a food and beverage company. Located on land used by the Ministry of Defence, improvement works were carried out in the area surrounding the spring and it was re-opened to the public on 1 May 2002.

Foot note[edit]

  1. ^ It has been relocated to a holding campus due to PRIME.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
Bibliography
  • Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh (2003), Toponymics – A Study of Singapore Street Names, Eastern Universities Press, ISBN 981-210-205-1
  • N Edwards, Peter Keys (1985), Singapore, A Guide to Buildings, Streets, Places, Times Books International, ISBN 9971-65-231-5
  • Yim Chee Peng (2001), Sembawang Town : Aesthetically Yours, Roseapple Books

External links[edit]

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