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|FIBA ranking||4 1 (28 February 2018)|
|FIBA zone||FIBA Europe|
|Nickname(s)||Orlovi (The Eagles)|
|Medals||Silver: (1996, 2016)|
|FIBA World Cup|
|Medals|| Gold: (1998, 2002)
|Medals|| Gold: (1995, 1997, 2001)
Silver: (2009, 2017)
| Yugoslavia 93–87 Bulgaria
(Sofia, Bulgaria; 31 May 1995)
| Yugoslavia 128–61 China
(Atlanta, United States; 30 July 1996)
| Serbia 92–129 United States
(Madrid, Spain; 14 September 2014)
From 1992 to 2003, the national team played under name of FR Yugoslavia and from 2003 to 2006 under name of Serbia and Montenegro in international competitions. Following the Montenegrin declaration of independence in 2006, Basketball Federation of Serbia retained the place of Basketball Federation of Serbia and Montenegro as a FIBA member. Therefore, all the results and medals from this period are succeeded by the Serbian men's national basketball team.
With the start of Yugoslav Wars in 1991 and later subsequent breakup of Yugoslavia, the mighty team of Yugoslavia was disbanded. The players were selected from the population of over 23 million people and basketball infrastructure evenly distributed all over the six states which formed the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
In 1992, FR Yugoslavia was established, as the federation of two remaining Yugoslav republics Serbia and Montenegro. Newly established country had less than half the population of former country. The Basketball Federation of FR Yugoslavia became the governing body of basketball in new country. After the adoption of UNSCR 757, the national team was suspended from participating in international tournaments. Due to these sanctions and ongoing war, the national team was prevented from participating at the 1992 Summer Olympics, EuroBasket 1993 and 1994 FIBA World Championship.
Without much sponsorship of war-impoverished country, the national team made its comeback to the international scene at the EuroBasket 1995 in Greece, where the national team won the gold medal after defeating Lithuania in gold-medal game. At the 1996 Summer Olympics the team lost with 69–95 to the United States in gold-medal game. The national team won the gold medal at the EuroBasket 1997, 1998 FIBA World Championship, EuroBasket 2001 and bronze medal at the EuroBasket 1999.
One of the most notable wins of the Yugoslavian national team came in the quarter-finals of the 2002 FIBA World Championship, when the host nation of the tournament United States was eliminated with 81–78. The significance of the win was tremendous for the Serbian people in general, as the public in Serbia perceived the United States political leadership responsible for the breakup of Yugoslavia and destruction of country's infrastructure and civil victims during the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia. Later, the Yugoslavian national team won the tournament by defeating New Zealand in the semi-finals and Argentina after 84–77 OT win in gold-medal game.
In 2002, FR Yugoslavia consisted of Serbia and Montenegro, came to a new agreement regarding continued co-operation, which, among other changes, promised the end of the name Yugoslavia, since they were part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. On 4 February 2003, the federal assembly of Yugoslavia created a loose state union—the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. The following years were underwhelming as the national team failed to make the podium of the tournament, after decades of winning medals.
At the EuroBasket 2003 it came in 6th place, but due the world champion status, qualified for the 2004 Summer Olympics in Greece. However, it was eliminated in the group stage with 1–4 score, finishing in 11th place. The national team participated at the 2004 FIBA Diamond Ball where it won the gold medal.
After two consecutive tournament disappointments, hope for the comeback came at the EuroBasket 2005 where the national team of Serbia and Montenegro was a host nation. Also, legendary Željko Obradović became national head coach again. However, the national team was surprisingly eliminated in the play-off stage by France with 71–74 loss, and finished in 9th place. Obradović stepped down shortly after the tournament, and blamed the bad atmosphere among the team star players for yet another failure. The national team participated at the 2006 FIBA World Championship on a wild card due to the results in the past, on initiative by FIBA prominent administrator Borislav Stanković. However, the national team of Serbia and Montenegro once again failed to impress and finished in 9th place.
On 21 May 2006, Montenegrins voted in an independence referendum, with 55.5% supporting independence. The subsequent Montenegrin proclamation of independence in June 2006 and the Serbian proclamation of independence on 5 June ended the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro and thus the last remaining vestiges of the former Yugoslavia.
Following the dissolution of the state union of Serbia and Montenegro, national team participated at the EuroBasket 2007 and finished the competition in the group stage with three close losses. Also, it failed to qualify for the 2008 Summer Olympics, missing the Olympics for the first time after being suspended at the 1992 Summer Olympics.
A new generation led by legendary Dušan Ivković returned some of the old glory by taking the silver medal in Eurobasket 2009, and fourth place in the 2010 FIBA World Championship, with the youngest team. However, the national team failed to reach the semifinals at the EuroBasket 2011 and EuroBasket 2013, thus way failing to qualify for the 2012 Summer Olympics, missing second Olympics tournament in a row.
Following the EuroBasket 2013, Ivković stepped from the position and Serbian basketball hall of famer Aleksandar Đorđević stepped in. Đorđević led the team to three silver medals at the 2014 FIBA World Championship the 2016 Summer Olympics and the 2017 EuroBasket.
|FIBA World Cup||2||1||0||3|
Name of the nation during the tournaments:
The following is the Serbia roster for the EuroBasket 2017
Serbia men's national basketball team – EuroBasket 2017 roster
|Pos.||Starting 5||Bench 1||Bench 2|
|C||Boban Marjanović||Ognjen Kuzmić||Vladimir Štimac|
|PF||Milan Mačvan||Stefan Birčević|
|SF||Vladimir Lučić||Marko Gudurić|
|SG||Bogdan Bogdanović||Dragan Milosavljević||Branko Lazić|
|PG||Stefan Jović||Vasilije Micić|
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