A typical Iranian setar
|Tambouras, Tar, Tanbur|
The Setar (Persian: سهتار, from seh, meaning "three" and tār, meaning "string") is an Iranian musical instrument. It is a member of the lute family, which is played with the index finger of the right hand. Two and a half centuries ago, a fourth string was added to the setar. It has 25–27 moveable frets which are usually made of animal intestines or silk. It originated in Persia before the spread of Islam.
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The satar (Uyghur: ساتار; Chinese: 萨塔尔) is an important instrument in 12 muqam. It is a bowed lute with 13 strings, one raised bowing string and 12 sympathetic strings, tuned to the mode of the muqam or piece being played.
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