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Seventh United States Army advance through streets in Montelimar,Southern France ...HD Stock Footage
Seventh United States Army advance through streets in Montelimar,Southern France ...HD Stock Footage
::2014/04/09::
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42nd Field Artillery Regiment, U.S. Army Europe and Seventh Army in Germany: Documentary Film
42nd Field Artillery Regiment, U.S. Army Europe and Seventh Army in Germany: Documentary Film
::2011/11/19::
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The Pershing Missile : Seventh Army Blackjack - United States Army : The Big Picture
The Pershing Missile : Seventh Army Blackjack - United States Army : The Big Picture
::2013/02/27::
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7th Cavalry Regiment (Regimental March)
7th Cavalry Regiment (Regimental March)
::2010/03/18::
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Seventh US Army soldiers prepare for the Allied Invasion of Southern France durin...HD Stock Footage
Seventh US Army soldiers prepare for the Allied Invasion of Southern France durin...HD Stock Footage
::2014/04/09::
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U.S. Army 7th Infantry Division in the Aleutian, Marshall, and Philippine Islands and Okinawa
U.S. Army 7th Infantry Division in the Aleutian, Marshall, and Philippine Islands and Okinawa
::2011/11/18::
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Pentomic Seventh Army - The Big Picture
Pentomic Seventh Army - The Big Picture
::2010/10/19::
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United States 7th Army troops advance through Sicilian villages HD Stock Footage
United States 7th Army troops advance through Sicilian villages HD Stock Footage
::2014/05/02::
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U.S Army - 7th U.S. Cavalry
U.S Army - 7th U.S. Cavalry
::2014/05/03::
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U.S. Army Europe paid tribute to former Seventh Army commander Lt. Gen. Geoffrey Keyes
U.S. Army Europe paid tribute to former Seventh Army commander Lt. Gen. Geoffrey Keyes
::2013/11/18::
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US Army Drill Team at 7th Brigade 2013
US Army Drill Team at 7th Brigade 2013
::2013/03/25::
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Trucks parked outside tents at the headquarters of United States Army  7th Mainte...HD Stock Footage
Trucks parked outside tents at the headquarters of United States Army 7th Mainte...HD Stock Footage
::2014/05/04::
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7th Infantry Division in World War II pt1-2 US Army The Big Picture Hourglass Division
7th Infantry Division in World War II pt1-2 US Army The Big Picture Hourglass Division
::2012/05/27::
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7th Infantry Division in World War II pt2-2 US Army The Big Picture Hourglass Division
7th Infantry Division in World War II pt2-2 US Army The Big Picture Hourglass Division
::2012/05/27::
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US Army First Battalion, Thirty Seventh Field Artillery Regiment Changes Command
US Army First Battalion, Thirty Seventh Field Artillery Regiment Changes Command
::2013/08/14::
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America
America's Army Sniping to the Seventh
::2008/08/25::
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Seventh Army: Checkmate To Aggression - The Big Picture
Seventh Army: Checkmate To Aggression - The Big Picture
::2011/02/12::
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US Army 7th armored division in action near Westenfeld Germany, and German civili...HD Stock Footage
US Army 7th armored division in action near Westenfeld Germany, and German civili...HD Stock Footage
::2014/03/13::
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US Army BCT - Fort Sill, OK - Delta 1/31 FA - February 7th, 2014
US Army BCT - Fort Sill, OK - Delta 1/31 FA - February 7th, 2014
::2014/04/07::
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US Army Drill Team at 7th Brigade 2013 Part 2
US Army Drill Team at 7th Brigade 2013 Part 2
::2013/03/10::
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US Army Drill Team at 7th Brigade 2013 Part 1
US Army Drill Team at 7th Brigade 2013 Part 1
::2013/03/10::
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The Big Picture - Pentomic Seventh Army
The Big Picture - Pentomic Seventh Army
::2010/08/11::
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B-29 bombers of the 7th Bombardment Group, US Army Air Force land at base after b...HD Stock Footage
B-29 bombers of the 7th Bombardment Group, US Army Air Force land at base after b...HD Stock Footage
::2014/07/14::
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7th Civil Support Command - US Army in Europe
7th Civil Support Command - US Army in Europe
::2013/11/10::
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US 7th Army soldiers take prisoners and move into a bombed town of Surbourg in Al...HD Stock Footage
US 7th Army soldiers take prisoners and move into a bombed town of Surbourg in Al...HD Stock Footage
::2014/02/28::
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Demonstration by 7th Bombardment Group of US Army Air Force on controlling and di...HD Stock Footage
Demonstration by 7th Bombardment Group of US Army Air Force on controlling and di...HD Stock Footage
::2014/07/14::
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U.S. 7th Army - The Big Picture
U.S. 7th Army - The Big Picture
::2011/04/01::
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7th Bomber Group (H) Squadron and 4934 Bombardment Squadron of US Army Air Force ...HD Stock Footage
7th Bomber Group (H) Squadron and 4934 Bombardment Squadron of US Army Air Force ...HD Stock Footage
::2014/07/14::
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A German spy is executed by US Seventh Army in Kitzingen, Germany during World Wa...HD Stock Footage
A German spy is executed by US Seventh Army in Kitzingen, Germany during World Wa...HD Stock Footage
::2014/04/05::
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B-29 bombers of the 7th Bombardment Group of the US Army Air Force fly after bomb...HD Stock Footage
B-29 bombers of the 7th Bombardment Group of the US Army Air Force fly after bomb...HD Stock Footage
::2014/07/14::
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The Big Picture - Seventh Army: Checkmate to Aggression
The Big Picture - Seventh Army: Checkmate to Aggression
::2010/09/16::
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Seventh Air Force welcomes a new commander - United States Forces Korea - USFK
Seventh Air Force welcomes a new commander - United States Forces Korea - USFK
::2008/12/15::
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Tim Kennedy tells stories of service days
Tim Kennedy tells stories of service days
::2013/10/20::
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Patton 7th Army United News Newsreel War in Sicily WW2 WWII 1943
Patton 7th Army United News Newsreel War in Sicily WW2 WWII 1943
::2011/04/15::
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US Army 7th infantry, 3rd division enters Avellino Italy HD Stock Footage
US Army 7th infantry, 3rd division enters Avellino Italy HD Stock Footage
::2014/03/14::
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U.S. Army troops of 7th Field Artillery near Beaumont in France during World War ...HD Stock Footage
U.S. Army troops of 7th Field Artillery near Beaumont in France during World War ...HD Stock Footage
::2014/05/21::
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U.S. Army: 7th Special Forces Group Airborne
U.S. Army: 7th Special Forces Group Airborne
::2014/02/14::
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AMERICAN MARCH  JOHN WAYNE     U.S. 7th Cavalry March Theme
AMERICAN MARCH JOHN WAYNE U.S. 7th Cavalry March Theme
::2012/01/22::
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U.S.Army soldiers, of 7th Field Artillery, clean themselves in a stream in  Franc...HD Stock Footage
U.S.Army soldiers, of 7th Field Artillery, clean themselves in a stream in Franc...HD Stock Footage
::2014/04/22::
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The Big Picture - The Seventh Army Story
The Big Picture - The Seventh Army Story
::2010/09/14::
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Vietnam People
Vietnam People's Army Chief of Staff meets with I Corps and 7th Infantry Division leaders
::2013/07/27::
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The Big Picture - The Pershing: Seventh Army Blackjack
The Big Picture - The Pershing: Seventh Army Blackjack
::2010/10/04::
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US 7th Army soldiers advance and build a bridge across Seltzbach river in Alsace,...HD Stock Footage
US 7th Army soldiers advance and build a bridge across Seltzbach river in Alsace,...HD Stock Footage
::2014/02/28::
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2014 AUSA LANPAC Symposium - VADM Robert Thomas, Jr. - Commander, U.S. 7th Fleet
2014 AUSA LANPAC Symposium - VADM Robert Thomas, Jr. - Commander, U.S. 7th Fleet
::2014/04/16::
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Patton
Patton
::2014/07/19::
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US 7th Army Firing Squad Execute German Spy
US 7th Army Firing Squad Execute German Spy
::2012/05/08::
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7th Engineer Battalion Dons 10th Mountain Patch
7th Engineer Battalion Dons 10th Mountain Patch
::2014/06/16::
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Jungle Warfare Training in Panama During the Vietnam War 1966 US Army
Jungle Warfare Training in Panama During the Vietnam War 1966 US Army
::2013/12/02::
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7th Army NCO Academy:  Building the Best
7th Army NCO Academy: Building the Best
::2012/11/13::
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Army 7th Infantry Division In World War II
Army 7th Infantry Division In World War II
::2012/08/19::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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U.S. Seventh Army
7th US Army.svg
Active 1943–1945, 1950
Country  United States
Allegiance  United States Army

The Seventh Army was the first US Field Army to see combat in World War II and was activated at sea when the I Armored Corps, under the command of Lieutenant General George Patton, was redesignated on 10 July 1943.

History[edit]

The Seventh Army in the Mediterranean and France[edit]

The United States officially entered World War II in December 1941, after the attack on Pearl Harbor. By November 8, 1942, Patton was commanding the Western Task Force, the only all-US force landing for Operation Torch, the Allied invasion of North Africa. After succeeding there, Patton commanded the Seventh Army during the invasion of Sicily in July 1943 in conjunction with the British Eighth Army. Patton commanded the Seventh Army until 1944.

The Seventh Army landed on several beaches in southern Sicily and captured the city of Palermo on 22 July and along with the British Eighth Army captured Messina on 16 August. During the fighting, the elements of the Seventh Army killed or captured over 13,000 enemy soldiers. The headquarters of the Seventh Army remained relatively inactive at Palermo, Sicily, and Algiers until January 1944, when Lieutenant General Mark Clark was assigned as commander and the Army began planning for the invasion of southern France.

The invasion was originally given the code name of "Operation Anvil", but was changed to "Operation Dragoon" before the landing. In March 1944, Lieutenant General Alexander Patch was assigned to command the Army, which moved to Naples, the following July. On 15 August 1944, Seventh Army units assaulted the beaches of southern France in the St. Tropez and St. Raphael area. Within one month, the Army, which by now employed three US divisions, five French divisions and the First Airborne Task Force, had advanced 400 miles and joined with the Allied forces coming south from Normandy. In the process, the Seventh Army had liberated Marseilles, Lyon, Toulon and all of Southern France.

The Army then assaulted the German forces in the Vosges Mountains, broke into the Alsatian Plain and reached the Rhine River after capturing the city of Strasbourg. During the Battle of the Bulge, the Seventh Army extended its flanks to take over much of the US Third Army area, which allowed the Third to relieve surrounded US forces at Bastogne. Along with the French First Army, the Seventh went on the offensive in February of 1945 and eliminated the enemy pocket in the Colmar area.

The Seventh then went into the Saar, crossed the Rhine, captured Nuremberg and Munich, crossed the Brenner Pass and made contact with the US Fifth Army - once again on Italian soil. In less than nine months of continuous fighting, the Seventh had advanced over 1,000 miles and for varying times had commanded 24 US and Allied Divisions, including the 36th, 42nd, 44th, 45th, 63rd, 70th, 103rd, and 105th.

Post World War II[edit]

The Seventh Army was inactivated in March 1946, in Germany, reactivated for a short time at Atlanta, Georgia, and assigned to the Regular Army with headquarters at Vaihingen[disambiguation needed], Germany, in November 1950. From that time forward the 7th Army has been the headquarters for all Army units under the European Command. It major subordinate elements were the V Corps and VII Corps. (VII Corps was inactivated in 1992 and V Corps was inactivated in 2013.)

Shoulder patch[edit]

The shoulder patch for the Seventh Army was approved on 23 June 1943. The letter "A" (for "army") is formed by seven steps indicating the numerical designation of the unit. The colors suggest the three basic combat branches which make up a field army - blue for infantry, red for artillery, and yellow for armor (cavalry).

Veterans of the Seventh Army wore a tab reading "Seven Steps to Hell" under the patch, but this tab was never officially authorized.[1]

See also[edit]

United States Army Europe

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Seventh Army History". Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
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