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42nd Field Artillery Regiment, U.S. Army Europe and Seventh Army in Germany: Documentary Film
42nd Field Artillery Regiment, U.S. Army Europe and Seventh Army in Germany: Documentary Film
::2011/11/19::
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Seventh United States Army advance through streets in Montelimar,Southern France ...HD Stock Footage
Seventh United States Army advance through streets in Montelimar,Southern France ...HD Stock Footage
::2014/04/09::
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The Pershing Missile : Seventh Army Blackjack - United States Army : The Big Picture
The Pershing Missile : Seventh Army Blackjack - United States Army : The Big Picture
::2013/02/27::
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U.S. 7th Army - The Big Picture
U.S. 7th Army - The Big Picture
::2011/04/01::
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U.S. Army Europe paid tribute to former Seventh Army commander Lt. Gen. Geoffrey Keyes
U.S. Army Europe paid tribute to former Seventh Army commander Lt. Gen. Geoffrey Keyes
::2013/11/19::
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7th Cavalry Regiment (Regimental March)
7th Cavalry Regiment (Regimental March)
::2010/03/19::
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Seventh US Army soldiers prepare for the Allied Invasion of Southern France durin...HD Stock Footage
Seventh US Army soldiers prepare for the Allied Invasion of Southern France durin...HD Stock Footage
::2014/04/09::
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Pentomic Seventh Army - The Big Picture
Pentomic Seventh Army - The Big Picture
::2010/10/19::
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US 7th Army soldiers advance and build a bridge across Seltzbach river in Alsace,...HD Stock Footage
US 7th Army soldiers advance and build a bridge across Seltzbach river in Alsace,...HD Stock Footage
::2014/02/28::
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US 7th Army soldiers take prisoners and move into a bombed town of Surbourg in Al...HD Stock Footage
US 7th Army soldiers take prisoners and move into a bombed town of Surbourg in Al...HD Stock Footage
::2014/02/28::
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Commanding General of US 7th Army, General Alexander Patch, decorates  leader of ...HD Stock Footage
Commanding General of US 7th Army, General Alexander Patch, decorates leader of ...HD Stock Footage
::2014/04/02::
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Breakout And Pursuit : Operation Cobra - United States Army World War Two Movie : The Big Picture
Breakout And Pursuit : Operation Cobra - United States Army World War Two Movie : The Big Picture
::2013/03/21::
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The Big Picture - Pentomic Seventh Army
The Big Picture - Pentomic Seventh Army
::2010/08/11::
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George S. Patton - General of the US Army | American Hero of WW2 | Biography Documentary
George S. Patton - General of the US Army | American Hero of WW2 | Biography Documentary
::2014/04/02::
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Seventh Army: Checkmate To Aggression - The Big Picture
Seventh Army: Checkmate To Aggression - The Big Picture
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Why did General George S. Patton apologise to the US 7th Army during World War Two? -- HistoryWow
Why did General George S. Patton apologise to the US 7th Army during World War Two? -- HistoryWow
::2012/10/01::
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US 7th Army Firing Squad Execute German Spy
US 7th Army Firing Squad Execute German Spy
::2012/05/08::
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A German spy is executed by US Seventh Army in Kitzingen, Germany during World Wa...HD Stock Footage
A German spy is executed by US Seventh Army in Kitzingen, Germany during World Wa...HD Stock Footage
::2014/04/05::
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America
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::2008/08/26::
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US Army Pacific USARPAC Japan Overview circa 1968 US Army
US Army Pacific USARPAC Japan Overview circa 1968 US Army
::2014/01/26::
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The Big Picture - Seventh Army: Checkmate to Aggression
The Big Picture - Seventh Army: Checkmate to Aggression
::2010/09/16::
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Seventh Air Force welcomes a new commander - United States Forces Korea - USFK
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::2008/12/15::
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BIOGRAPHY OF GEN. GEORGE S. PATTON  3486
BIOGRAPHY OF GEN. GEORGE S. PATTON 3486
::2013/12/17::
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Patton 7th Army United News Newsreel War in Sicily WW2 WWII 1943
Patton 7th Army United News Newsreel War in Sicily WW2 WWII 1943
::2011/04/15::
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US 7th Army Commander General Alexander Patch talks to French officials liberated...HD Stock Footage
US 7th Army Commander General Alexander Patch talks to French officials liberated...HD Stock Footage
::2014/04/09::
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7th Infantry Division in World War II pt1-2 US Army The Big Picture Hourglass Division
7th Infantry Division in World War II pt1-2 US Army The Big Picture Hourglass Division
::2012/05/27::
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7th Infantry Division in World War II pt2-2 US Army The Big Picture Hourglass Division
7th Infantry Division in World War II pt2-2 US Army The Big Picture Hourglass Division
::2012/05/27::
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The Big Picture - The Pershing: Seventh Army Blackjack
The Big Picture - The Pershing: Seventh Army Blackjack
::2010/10/04::
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The Big Picture - The Seventh Army Story
The Big Picture - The Seventh Army Story
::2010/09/14::
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USS Stennis -- the seventh U.S. Navy Nimitz-Class Nuclear Powered Aircraft Carrier leaves port!
USS Stennis -- the seventh U.S. Navy Nimitz-Class Nuclear Powered Aircraft Carrier leaves port!
::2013/08/15::
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United States Army Europe - The Big Picture
United States Army Europe - The Big Picture
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Melanie Martinez: "Seven Nation Army" - The Voice
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Artillery Testing At Aberdeen - 1969 United States Army Educational Documentary - WDTVLIVE42
Artillery Testing At Aberdeen - 1969 United States Army Educational Documentary - WDTVLIVE42
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Atomic Battlefield : The Big Picture - United States Army Atomic Weapons Testing 1951 - WDTVLIVE42
Atomic Battlefield : The Big Picture - United States Army Atomic Weapons Testing 1951 - WDTVLIVE42
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Wargames : Operation Sagebrush - United States Army : The Big Picture
Wargames : Operation Sagebrush - United States Army : The Big Picture
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Gen. Saint Commencement Speech
Gen. Saint Commencement Speech
::2013/06/07::
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AMERICAN MARCH  JOHN WAYNE     U.S. 7th Cavalry March Theme
AMERICAN MARCH JOHN WAYNE U.S. 7th Cavalry March Theme
::2012/01/22::
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First Military Operation by the US Army - World War 1 - Battle of St Mihiel
First Military Operation by the US Army - World War 1 - Battle of St Mihiel
::2012/12/28::
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Melanie Martinez: "Seven Nation Army" - The Voice (Studio Version)
Melanie Martinez: "Seven Nation Army" - The Voice (Studio Version)
::2012/11/29::
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Operation Blue Jay - United States Army : The Big Picture
Operation Blue Jay - United States Army : The Big Picture
::2013/01/13::
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The White Stripes - Seven Nation Army (lyrics)
The White Stripes - Seven Nation Army (lyrics)
::2008/02/28::
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Solid Rocket Fuels - 1950
Solid Rocket Fuels - 1950's US Army Documentary "Solid Punch" : The Big Picture - WDTVLIVE42
::2011/08/12::
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The United States Army Pacific (USARPAC) - The Big Picture
The United States Army Pacific (USARPAC) - The Big Picture
::2012/06/18::
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United States Army Helicopter Operations in Vietnam
United States Army Helicopter Operations in Vietnam
::2011/06/30::
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A Pictorial History Of The U.S. Cavalry - United States Army : The Big Picture
A Pictorial History Of The U.S. Cavalry - United States Army : The Big Picture
::2013/02/17::
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Custers Last Stand
::2013/10/20::
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The White Stripes   Seven Nation Army
The White Stripes Seven Nation Army
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Witnesses to the Holocaust: Liberation 1945
Witnesses to the Holocaust: Liberation 1945
::2013/03/26::
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Weapons Of The Field Artillery - 1965 United States Army Educational Documentary - WDTVLIVE42
Weapons Of The Field Artillery - 1965 United States Army Educational Documentary - WDTVLIVE42
::2012/05/12::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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U.S. Seventh Army
7th US Army.svg
Active 1943–1945, 1950
Country  United States
Allegiance  United States Army

The Seventh Army was the first US Field Army to see combat in World War II and was activated at sea when the I Armored Corps, under the command of Lieutenant General George Patton, was redesignated on 10 July 1943.

History[edit]

The Seventh Army in the Mediterranean and France[edit]

The United States officially entered World War II in December 1941, after the attack on Pearl Harbor. By November 8, 1942, Patton was commanding the Western Task Force, the only all-US force landing for Operation Torch, the Allied invasion of North Africa. After succeeding there, Patton commanded the Seventh Army during the invasion of Sicily in July 1943 in conjunction with the British Eighth Army. Patton commanded the Seventh Army until 1944.

The Seventh Army landed on several beaches in southern Sicily and captured the city of Palermo on 22 July and along with the British Eighth Army captured Messina on 16 August. During the fighting, the elements of the Seventh Army killed or captured over 13,000 enemy soldiers. The headquarters of the Seventh Army remained relatively inactive at Palermo, Sicily, and Algiers until January 1944, when Lieutenant General Mark Clark was assigned as commander and the Army began planning for the invasion of southern France.

The invasion was originally given the code name of "Operation Anvil", but was changed to "Operation Dragoon" before the landing. In March 1944, Lieutenant General Alexander Patch was assigned to command the Army, which moved to Naples, the following July. On 15 August 1944, Seventh Army units assaulted the beaches of southern France in the St. Tropez and St. Raphael area. Within one month, the Army, which by now employed three US divisions, five French divisions and the First Airborne Task Force, had advanced 400 miles and had joined with the Allied forces coming south from Normandy. In the process, the Seventh Army had liberated Marseilles, Lyon, Toulon and all of Southern France.

The Army then assaulted the German forces in the Vosges Mountains, broke into the Alsatian Plain and reached the Rhine River after capturing the city of Strasbourg. During the Battle of the Bulge, the Seventh Army extended its flanks to take over much of the US Third Army area, which allowed the Third to relieve surrounded US forces at Bastogne. Along with the French First Army, the Seventh went on the offensive in February of 1945 and eliminated the enemy pocket in the Colmar area.

The Seventh then went into the Saar, crossed the Rhine, captured Nuremberg and Munich, crossed the Brenner Pass and made contact with the US Fifth Army - once again on Italian soil. In less than nine months of continuous fighting, the Seventh had advanced over 1,000 miles and for varying times had commanded 24 US and Allied Divisions, including the 36th, 42nd, 44th, 45th, 63rd, 70th, 103rd, and 105th.

The Seventh Army was inactivated in March 1946, in Germany, reactivated for a short time at Atlanta, Georgia, and assigned to the regular army with headquarters at Vaihingen[disambiguation needed], Germany, in November 1950.

The shoulder patch for the Seventh Army was approved on 23 June 1943. The letter "A" (for "army") is formed by seven steps indicating the numerical designation of the unit. The colors suggest the three basic combat branches which make up a field army - blue for infantry, red for artillery, and yellow for armor (cavalry).

Veterans of the Seventh Army wore a tab reading "Seven Steps to Hell" under the patch, but this tab was never officially authorized.[1]

See Also[edit]

United States Army Europe

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Seventh Army History". Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
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