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United States Army Special Forces – 7th Special Forces Group Train For War
United States Army Special Forces – 7th Special Forces Group Train For War
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: AiirSource Military
The Seventh Army Story - The Big Picture
The Seventh Army Story - The Big Picture
Published: 2011/02/09
Channel: Nuclear Vault
Seventh United States Army advance through streets in Montelimar,Southern France ...HD Stock Footage
Seventh United States Army advance through streets in Montelimar,Southern France ...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/04/09
Channel: CriticalPast
Soldier in Europe 1953 US Army  The Big Picture  7th Army Training in Germany
Soldier in Europe 1953 US Army The Big Picture 7th Army Training in Germany
Published: 2016/06/18
Channel: The Big Picture
7th Special Forces Group (Airborne): "Guerrilla USA" 1963 US Army; The Big Picture TV-561
7th Special Forces Group (Airborne): "Guerrilla USA" 1963 US Army; The Big Picture TV-561
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: Jeff Quitney
The Seventh Infantry Division 1949 US Army; WWII Pacific Theater
The Seventh Infantry Division 1949 US Army; WWII Pacific Theater
Published: 2015/08/03
Channel: Jeff Quitney
U.S Army - 7th U.S. Cavalry
U.S Army - 7th U.S. Cavalry
Published: 2014/05/03
Channel: Clipsaround
Big Picture: Pentomic Seventh Army
Big Picture: Pentomic Seventh Army
Published: 2010/09/18
Channel: PublicResourceOrg
US Military sends MOST DEADLY MESSAGE to North Korean Military
US Military sends MOST DEADLY MESSAGE to North Korean Military
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: ArmedForcesUpdate
7th Cavalry Regiment (Regimental March)
7th Cavalry Regiment (Regimental March)
Published: 2010/03/19
Channel: TheMarches09
This is EUCOM/US Seventh Army
This is EUCOM/US Seventh Army
Published: 2009/08/30
Channel: jaglavaksoldier
YKTV: Battle of Ia Drang Valley - Army 1st Battalion 7th Cavalry
YKTV: Battle of Ia Drang Valley - Army 1st Battalion 7th Cavalry
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: PatriotsPoint
Signal Corps Cameramen Film US 7th Army, Germany, 30 March - April 1945
Signal Corps Cameramen Film US 7th Army, Germany, 30 March - April 1945
Published: 2017/02/22
Channel: jjonestowne
Big Picture U.S. 7th Army.mp4
Big Picture U.S. 7th Army.mp4
Published: 2013/12/16
Channel: DailyArmorOfGod
The Big Picture: The Pershing - Seventh Army Blackjack
The Big Picture: The Pershing - Seventh Army Blackjack
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: USArmyEurope
South China Sea - U.S To Create The Biggest Modern Military Fleet Amid China Rising Power
South China Sea - U.S To Create The Biggest Modern Military Fleet Amid China Rising Power
Published: 2016/06/17
Channel: Youtupe Mania
Seventh US Army soldiers prepare for the Allied Invasion of Southern France durin...HD Stock Footage
Seventh US Army soldiers prepare for the Allied Invasion of Southern France durin...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/04/09
Channel: CriticalPast
U.S. Army Europe paid tribute to former Seventh Army commander Lt. Gen. Geoffrey Keyes
U.S. Army Europe paid tribute to former Seventh Army commander Lt. Gen. Geoffrey Keyes
Published: 2013/11/19
Channel: MiliSource
Seventh Army
Seventh Army
Published: 2015/10/17
Channel: The National Archives Collection
Seventh Army Soldiers Chorus Reunion
Seventh Army Soldiers Chorus Reunion
Published: 2014/06/20
Channel: Ron Anderson
Big Picture: U.S. 7th Army
Big Picture: U.S. 7th Army
Published: 2010/08/16
Channel: PublicResourceOrg
Allied Breakout From Normandy | Operation Cobra | 1944 | World War 2 Documentary
Allied Breakout From Normandy | Operation Cobra | 1944 | World War 2 Documentary
Published: 2013/06/03
Channel: The Best Film Archives
Seventh Air Force welcomes a new commander - United States Forces Korea - USFK
Seventh Air Force welcomes a new commander - United States Forces Korea - USFK
Published: 2008/12/15
Channel: IMCOMKoreaRegion
MacDowell 7th Army
MacDowell 7th Army
Published: 2013/05/21
Channel: Anthony Puente
7Th Army In The Kitchen   10   Dead Sun Rising
7Th Army In The Kitchen 10 Dead Sun Rising
Published: 2010/10/13
Channel: Dusan Djuric
Pentomic Seventh Army, The original release sheet reads: Every soldier assigned to the United St...
Pentomic Seventh Army, The original release sheet reads: Every soldier assigned to the United St...
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: National Archives Video Collection
US 7th Army in ETO 1944-1945
US 7th Army in ETO 1944-1945
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: Daniel O'Niallain
Blended CALFEX at 7th Army Training Command
Blended CALFEX at 7th Army Training Command
Published: 2016/08/26
Channel: 7thArmyTrainingCommand
7th Army NCO Academy | The History
7th Army NCO Academy | The History
Published: 2015/02/11
Channel: 7thArmyTrainingCommand
The Big Picture - Seventh Army: Checkmate to Aggression
The Big Picture - Seventh Army: Checkmate to Aggression
Published: 2010/09/16
Channel: US National Archives
Signal Corps Cameramen Film US 7th Army, Germany, 1 April 1945 (full)
Signal Corps Cameramen Film US 7th Army, Germany, 1 April 1945 (full)
Published: 2014/12/19
Channel: WWIIPublicDomain
Seventh Army: Checkmate To Aggression - The Big Picture
Seventh Army: Checkmate To Aggression - The Big Picture
Published: 2011/02/12
Channel: Nuclear Vault
7th Army NCO Academy Joins Husband and Wife
7th Army NCO Academy Joins Husband and Wife
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: 7thArmyTrainingCommand
German Instructor at 7th Army Noncommissioned Officer Academy
German Instructor at 7th Army Noncommissioned Officer Academy
Published: 2015/06/11
Channel: 7thArmyTrainingCommand
The Big Picture - Pentomic Seventh Army
The Big Picture - Pentomic Seventh Army
Published: 2010/08/11
Channel: US National Archives
Seventh Army Soldiers Chorus Remembered
Seventh Army Soldiers Chorus Remembered
Published: 2014/07/04
Channel: Ron Anderson
7th Army JMTC:Location Matters
7th Army JMTC:Location Matters
Published: 2014/03/05
Channel: 7thArmyTrainingCommand
7th Army | Start Up Recruitment Challenge! By Niko
7th Army | Start Up Recruitment Challenge! By Niko
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: 7th Army
🔴 7th CAVALRY Regiment USA  -  War in Afghanistan / IRAQ War US Army
🔴 7th CAVALRY Regiment USA - War in Afghanistan / IRAQ War US Army
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: IDP Film
United States Army Drill Team Soloist
United States Army Drill Team Soloist
Published: 2015/11/05
Channel: 3d U.S. Infantry Regiment (The Old Guard)
CPL ROY FINK, United States Army, Korean War MIA Veteran, Dignified Transfer
CPL ROY FINK, United States Army, Korean War MIA Veteran, Dignified Transfer
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: Laura Friend
Shangri-La: 7th Army Rest Area in WW2
Shangri-La: 7th Army Rest Area in WW2
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: okrajoe
The Big Picture - The Pershing: Seventh Army Blackjack
The Big Picture - The Pershing: Seventh Army Blackjack
Published: 2010/10/04
Channel: US National Archives
7th Infantry Division in World War II: "Hourglass Division" 1952 US Army; The Big Picture TV-221
7th Infantry Division in World War II: "Hourglass Division" 1952 US Army; The Big Picture TV-221
Published: 2014/11/12
Channel: Jeff Quitney
7th Army Joint Multinational Training in Europe (HD)
7th Army Joint Multinational Training in Europe (HD)
Published: 2015/02/26
Channel: okrajoe
Blood Over Honor: 3-7 Cavalry History & Tradition
Blood Over Honor: 3-7 Cavalry History & Tradition
Published: 2013/07/05
Channel: AiirSource Military
7th Army Training Command: "A Unified Command"
7th Army Training Command: "A Unified Command"
Published: 2015/12/01
Channel: 7thArmyTrainingCommand
UAB ROTC cadet ranked seventh nationally
UAB ROTC cadet ranked seventh nationally
Published: 2015/09/25
Channel: University of Alabama at Birmingham
7th Army JMTC Saber Junction 2014 U.S. Army and Czech Republic Army Training Exercise
7th Army JMTC Saber Junction 2014 U.S. Army and Czech Republic Army Training Exercise
Published: 2014/08/29
Channel: USArmyEurope
Seventh Army Chorus: Christmas Border Tour
Seventh Army Chorus: Christmas Border Tour
Published: 2014/12/08
Channel: Ron Anderson
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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U.S. Seventh Army
Seventh United States Army DUI.png
Distinctive unit insignia of the Seventh United States Army.
Active 1943–45
1950–present (United States Army Europe)
Country  United States
Allegiance  United States Army
Motto(s) "Pyramid of Power!" (official), "Seven Steps to Hell!" (unofficial)[1][2]
Commanders
Notable
commanders
George S. Patton
Mark W. Clark
Alexander Patch
Insignia
Combat service identification badge[3] Seventh United States Army CSIB.svg
Flag Flag of the Seventh United States Army.svg

The Seventh Army was a United States army created during World War II that evolved into the United States Army Europe (USAREUR) during the 1950s and 1960s. It served in North Africa and Italy in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations and France and Germany in the European theater between 1942 and 1945.

Originally the I Armored Corps under command of Lieutenant General George S. Patton, it made landfall at Morocco during Operation Torch as the Western Task Force, the first all-U.S. force to enter the European war. Following successful defeat of the Wehrmacht under General Erwin Rommel in North Africa, I Armored Corps was redesignated the Seventh Army on 10 July 1943 while at sea en route to the Allied invasion of Sicily as the spearhead of Operation Husky.

After the conquests of Palermo and Messina the Seventh Army prepared for the invasion of France by its Mediterranean coast as the lead element of Operation Dragoon in August 1944. It then drove a retreating German army north and then west toward the Alsace, being absorbed into the newly created Sixth United States Army Group in mid-September. In January 1945 it repelled a fierce but brief enemy counter-offensive during the German Operation Nordwind, then completed its reduction of the region by mid-March.

In a lead role in Operation Undertone launched March 15th, the Seventh Army fought its way across the Rhine into Germany, capturing Nuremberg and then Munich. Elements reached Austria and crossed the Brenner Pass into Italy by May 4th, followed shortly by war's end on VE-Day, May 8, 1945.[4]

History[edit]

North Africa[edit]

The United States officially entered World War II on 7 December 1941, after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. This was followed four days later by the German declaration of war on the United States. By November 8, 1942, Major General George S. Patton, Jr. was commanding the Western Task Force, the only all-American force landing for Operation Torch, codename for the Allied invasion of French North Africa. After succeeding there, Patton, now promoted to the rank of lieutenant general, commanded the Seventh Army, which was formed at midnight on 10 July 1943 by the redesignation of the I Armored Corps, during the Allied invasion of Sicily in July 1943 in conjunction with the British Eighth Army, commanded by General Sir Bernard Montgomery, Patton's rival. Patton was to command the Seventh Army until early 1944.

Sicily[edit]

The Seventh Army landed on several beaches in southern Sicily on 10 July 1943 and captured the Sicilian capital of Palermo on 22 July and, along with the British Eighth Army, captured Messina on 16 August. During the fighting, the elements of the Seventh Army killed or captured thousands of enemy soldiers, mainly Italians. During the operation the Seventh and Eighth Armies came under the command of the 15th Army Group, under General Sir Harold Alexander. The headquarters of the Seventh Army remained relatively inactive at Palermo, Sicily, and Algiers until January 1944, when Lieutenant General Mark W. Clark, then commanding the U.S. Fifth Army on the Italian Front, was assigned as commander and the Seventh Army began planning for the invasion of southern France.

Southern France[edit]

The invasion was originally given the code name of "Operation Anvil", but was changed to "Operation Dragoon" before the landing. In March 1944, Major General Alexander Patch, a highly experienced and competent commander, was assigned to command the Seventh Army, which moved to Naples, Italy, the following July. On 15 August 1944, elements of the Seventh Army assaulted the beaches of southern France in the St. Tropez and St. Raphael area. On September 15, the Seventh was put under the field control of the 6th Army Group, under Lieutenant General Jacob L. Devers. The 6th Army Group also included the French First Army. Within one month, the Seventh Army, which by now employed three American divisions, five French divisions and the 1st Airborne Task Force, had advanced 400 miles and joined with the Allied forces coming south from Normandy. In the process, the Seventh Army had liberated Marseilles, Lyon, Toulon and all of Southern France.

Alsace[edit]

The Seventh Army then assaulted the German forces in the Vosges Mountains and broke into the Alsatian Plain. During the Battle of the Bulge in late December, it extended its flanks to take over much of the area that had been the responsibility of U.S. Third Army, now commanded by Patton who had previously commanded the Seventh, which allowed the Third to relieve surrounded American forces besieged at Bastogne. In mid-January 1945, the Seventh engaged in pitched battle seeking to regain ground lost to Germany's Operation Nordwind New Year's offensive. Along with the French First Army, the Seventh went on the offensive in February 1945 and eliminated the Colmar Pocket. After capturing the city of Strasbourg, the Seventh went into the Saar, assaulted the Siegfried Line, and reached the River Rhine during the first week of March, 1945.

Germany[edit]

In a lead role in Operation Undertone, the Seventh Army fought its way across the Rhine into Germany, captured Nuremberg and then Munich. Finally it crossed the Brenner Pass and made contact with Lieutenant General Lucian Truscott's U.S. Fifth Army at Vipiteno[4] - once again on Italian soil.

In less than nine months of continuous fighting, the Seventh Army had advanced over 1,000 miles and for varying times had commanded 24 U.S. and Allied divisions, including the 3rd, 36th, 42nd, 44th, 45th, 63rd, 70th, 100th, 103rd, and 105th Infantry Divisions.

Post-World War II[edit]

The Seventh Army was inactivated in March 1946, in Germany, reactivated for a short time at Atlanta, Georgia, then inactivated again. It was reactivated by the United States European Command (EUCOM) with headquarters at Patch Barracks, Stuttgart-Vaihingen, Germany, on 24 November 1950 and assigned the command and ground service forces of United States Army Europe (USAREUR).[5]

On 30 November 1966, the Seventh Army was relocated from Patch Barracks to Heidelberg. Following French disagreements with certain NATO policies, United States European Command relocated from Paris to the following year. From that time forward the Seventh Army has been the headquarters for all Army units under the European Command. Its major subordinate elements were the V Corps and VII Corps (Inactivated in 2013 and 1992, respectively.)

In 1959, Grafenwoehr becomes headquarters of the Seventh Army Training Center, incorporating the Grafenwoehr and Hohenfels Training Areas to become the largest training complex in Germany. In 1975, Grafenwoehr becomes the headquarters for the Seventh U.S. Army Training Center, which becomes the Seventh Army Training Command the following year. As of January 2006, the 7th ATC became known as the 7th Army Joint Multinational Training Command. In July 2016, the 7th Army Joint Multinational Training Command was returned to its original designation as the 7th Army Training Command.[6]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Veterans of the Seventh Army wore a tab reading "Seven Steps to Hell" under the patch, but this tab was never officially authorized.
  2. ^ "Seventh Army History". Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  3. ^ The shoulder sleeve insignia for the Seventh Army was approved on 23 June 1943. The letter "A" (for "army") is formed by seven steps indicating the numerical designation of the unit. The colors suggest the three basic combat branches which make up a field army - blue for infantry, red for artillery, and yellow for armor (cavalry).
  4. ^ a b Fifth Army History • Race to the Alps, Chapter VI : Conclusion [1] "On 3 May the 85th and 88th [Infantry] Divisions sent task forces north over ice and snow 3 feet deep to seal the Austrian frontier and to gain contact with the American Seventh Army, driving southward from Germany. The 339th Infantry [85th Division] reached Austrian soil east of Dobbiaco at 0415, 4 May; the Reconnaissance Troop, 349th Infantry [88th Division], met troops from [103rd Infantry Division] VI Corps of Seventh Army at 1051 at Vipiteno, 9 miles south of Brenner."
  5. ^ http://www.usarmygermany.com/Sont.htm?http&&&www.usarmygermany.com/units/hqusareur/USAREUR_HqUSAREUR.htm
  6. ^ http://www.eur.army.mil/7atc/about.html
  7. ^ http://www.eur.army.mil/7atc/about.html

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