Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Kibbutz Sha
Kibbutz Sha'ar HaAmakim (Israel) - שער העמקים מבט מהאוויר
Published: 2016/04/02
Channel: Dane Ilic
Ella Zager - Sukot 2011 - Kibbutz Shaar Haamakim
Ella Zager - Sukot 2011 - Kibbutz Shaar Haamakim
Published: 2011/10/12
Channel: Eli Zager
Ella Zager - Sukot 2011 - Kibbutz Shaar Haamakim (HD)
Ella Zager - Sukot 2011 - Kibbutz Shaar Haamakim (HD)
Published: 2011/10/13
Channel: Eli Zager
Bixler 2 Flight over Shaar Haamakim
Bixler 2 Flight over Shaar Haamakim
Published: 2015/02/27
Channel: Micky Carmel
Miley Cyrus - Wrecking Ball Shaar Haamakim Parody
Miley Cyrus - Wrecking Ball Shaar Haamakim Parody
Published: 2014/04/03
Channel: Gal Perelsztejn
purim2017
purim2017
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
כיפור 2017 דמויות משפיעות בנוף המקומי
כיפור 2017 דמויות משפיעות בנוף המקומי
Published: 2017/10/01
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פורים 1988 - המחתרת היהודית
פורים 1988 - המחתרת היהודית
Published: 2016/03/18
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
promofa
promofa
Published: 2015/05/09
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
תערוכת ענפים והפעלות לילדים שבועות 2017
תערוכת ענפים והפעלות לילדים שבועות 2017
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
חללי ששת הימים בשער העמקים
חללי ששת הימים בשער העמקים
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
קדימון 1 לקיבוצניק 7
קדימון 1 לקיבוצניק 7
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
סיפורה של מסד
סיפורה של מסד
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
קציר העומר 1978
קציר העומר 1978
Published: 2017/04/13
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
טיול הקיבוץ לעין גדי 1995
טיול הקיבוץ לעין גדי 1995
Published: 2017/04/25
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
rinapeleg
rinapeleg
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פרומו קיבוצניק 3
פרומו קיבוצניק 3
Published: 2016/04/28
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
tahaluha
tahaluha
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
Bernie Sanders Tries Stand-Up Comedy (1991)
Bernie Sanders Tries Stand-Up Comedy (1991)
Published: 2016/07/18
Channel: The Film Archives
sukot 2017
sukot 2017
Published: 2017/10/05
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פורים 1991
פורים 1991
Published: 2017/02/22
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פרומו  מנהיגים וכדורגלנים לקיבוצניק 6
פרומו מנהיגים וכדורגלנים לקיבוצניק 6
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פרומו לקיבוצניק
פרומו לקיבוצניק
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
שבת בקשישון 17/12/2016
שבת בקשישון 17/12/2016
Published: 2016/12/19
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
לקט מארועי תשע"ז לראש השנה
לקט מארועי תשע"ז לראש השנה
Published: 2017/09/24
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
ראש השנה 2011
ראש השנה 2011
Published: 2017/09/18
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
סרטון לקראת פסח 2017
סרטון לקראת פסח 2017
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
שער העמקים שרים "הללויה" לכבוד שנת ה-80
שער העמקים שרים "הללויה" לכבוד שנת ה-80
Published: 2015/05/25
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
קיבוץ שער העמקים סרט פורים 2013
קיבוץ שער העמקים סרט פורים 2013
Published: 2014/03/16
Channel: Gal Perelsztejn
שלום כיתה א
שלום כיתה א
Published: 2017/08/26
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
קיבוצניק 4
קיבוצניק 4
Published: 2016/06/25
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
תוצרת הבית  הופעה מקומית
תוצרת הבית הופעה מקומית
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
4 שירים מתוך סדר פסח שער העמקים 2017
4 שירים מתוך סדר פסח שער העמקים 2017
Published: 2017/04/13
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
תינוקות עד נערים בשער העמקים של סוף שנות ה-70
תינוקות עד נערים בשער העמקים של סוף שנות ה-70
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פורים לילדים שנות ה 70
פורים לילדים שנות ה 70
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
promo 2
promo 2
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
סרטון לסוכות שער העמקים 2016
סרטון לסוכות שער העמקים 2016
Published: 2016/10/20
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פרומו 2  קיבוצניק 4
פרומו 2 קיבוצניק 4
Published: 2016/06/22
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
טו בשבט 1994 צילום ועריכה נגה בינשטוק
טו בשבט 1994 צילום ועריכה נגה בינשטוק
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
קיבוץ שער העמקים סרט פורים 2014
קיבוץ שער העמקים סרט פורים 2014
Published: 2014/03/22
Channel: Gal Perelsztejn
promo 2k5
promo 2k5
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
וידאו אוכף   דרור שחם
וידאו אוכף דרור שחם
Published: 2015/03/15
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
קליפ מופע "שער ל-80"
קליפ מופע "שער ל-80"
Published: 2015/05/29
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
נס חנוכה שער העמקים 1990
נס חנוכה שער העמקים 1990
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
kibutsnik 8
kibutsnik 8
Published: 2017/08/26
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
promo 1 k5
promo 1 k5
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
שער לילדות (3)
שער לילדות (3)
Published: 2015/05/25
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פורים 1990 - באבאסאלי
פורים 1990 - באבאסאלי
Published: 2016/03/18
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
ביקור המלחים המצרים בשער העמקים 1979
ביקור המלחים המצרים בשער העמקים 1979
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
חפש את המטמון - 6/6/2015
חפש את המטמון - 6/6/2015
Published: 2015/06/21
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sha'ar HaAmakim
Sha'ar HaAmakim in 2008
Sha'ar HaAmakim in 2008
Sha'ar HaAmakim is located in Israel
Sha'ar HaAmakim
Sha'ar HaAmakim
Coordinates: 32°43′23″N 35°6′48″E / 32.72306°N 35.11333°E / 32.72306; 35.11333Coordinates: 32°43′23″N 35°6′48″E / 32.72306°N 35.11333°E / 32.72306; 35.11333
Grid position 160/236 PAL
District Haifa
Council Zevulun Regional Council
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1935
Founded by Romanian and Yugoslavian immigrants
Population (2016)[1] 712
Website www.s-h.org.il

Sha'ar HaAmakim (Hebrew: שַׁעַר הַעֲמָקִים‎, lit. Gate of the Valleys) is a kibbutz in northern Israel associated with the Hashomer Hatzair movement founded in 1935. Located near Kiryat Tiv'on, it falls under the jurisdiction of Zevulun Regional Council. In 2016 it had a population of 712.[1]

History[edit]

Antiquity[edit]

Hellenistic era site near the kibbutz

Human habitation in the area dates at least as far back as the Hellenistic period.[2]

Crusader era[edit]

In 1283, during the hudna ("truce") between the Crusaders based in Acre and the Mamluk sultan al-Mansur Qalawun, this location was named el Harathiyah and was described as part of the domain of the Crusaders.[3]

Ottoman era[edit]

During the Ottoman era, a Muslim village at the site was called el Hâritheh.[4] The village appeared as El Harti on the map of Pierre Jacotin compiled in 1799.[5] In 1859, the population was recorded as 120 with tillable land of 12 feddans.[6] In 1875, Victor Guérin reported about 40 houses.[7] In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as an adobe hamlet.[6]

A population list from about 1887 showed that Harithiyeh had about 120 inhabitants; all Muslims.[8]

British Mandate era[edit]

Horse-drawn and mechanical vehicles at the kibbutz' flour mill in the 1950s

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, the Al Zubaidat, who cultivated the Hartieh land, numbered 363, all Muslims.[9]

In 1925 a Zionist organisation purchased 50 feddans in Hartieh from the Sursock family of Beirut. At the time, there were 60 families living there.[10] In the 1931 census, the Arab Zubeidat was counted under the Shefa-'Amr suburbs.[11]

From 1931, and lasting several years, the Jewish Agency struggled to evict the Arab El Zubeidat, who where tenant farmers at Hartiya.[12][13][14][15] According to Avneri, Hartiya land was to become Sha'ar HaAmakim.[12] According to the Department of Statistics, however, Sha'ar HaAmakim had previously been part of Sheikh Bureik.[16][17]

Kibbutz Sha'ar HaAmakim was founded in 1935 by immigrants from Romania and Yugoslavia. Its name was derived from the nearby confluence of the Jezreel and Zevulun valleys.[18] By 1945 it had a population of 360, all Jews.[16][17]

State of Israel[edit]

Sha'ar HaAmakim hosted volunteers from around the world, including France and the United States, who worked at the kibbutz and participated in cultural exchanges.[19] In the 1960s, there were up to 100 volunteers each year.[20] Bernie Sanders, who later became a U.S. Senator, worked at the kibbutz for several months in 1963.[21][20]

Economy[edit]

According to a 2016 report, the kibbutz derives most of its income from its solar water heater factory. It also makes money from agriculture, including dairy farming.[19] For over five decades, the kibbutz has produced and processed sunflower seeds which it markets under its name both in Israel and for export.[22] It also has a fish pond and orchards producing apples, peaches, and pears.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 26, 2017. 
  2. ^ Segal, Arthur; Młynarczyk, Jolanta; Burdajewicz, Mariusz; Bar-Oz, Guy (2009). Excavations of the Hellenistic site in Kibbutz Sha'ar-Ha'Amakim. Haifa: Zinman Institute of Archaeology, University of Haifa. ISBN 9789659041879. 
  3. ^ Barag, 1979, p. 204
  4. ^ ”the ploughed land”, Palmer, 1881, p. 109
  5. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 163
  6. ^ a b Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 270
  7. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 399-400
  8. ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 175
  9. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Haifa, p. 34
  10. ^ List of villages sold by Sursocks and their partners to the Zionists since British occupation of Palestine Evidence to the Shaw Commission, 1930
  11. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 90.
  12. ^ a b Avneri, 1984, pp. 156-7
  13. ^ 26 February 1935, House of Commons
  14. ^ PALESTINE. 24 March 1936, House of Commons
  15. ^ Bernie Sanders Stint at 'Stalinist' Kibbutz Draws Red-Baiting From Right, Nathan Guttman, February 5, 2016 The Forward
  16. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 15
  17. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 49
  18. ^ History Sha'ar HaAmakim Seeds
  19. ^ a b Erlanger, Steven (February 5, 2016). "Bernie Sanders’s Kibbutz Found. Surprise: It’s Socialist.". The New York Times. Retrieved February 6, 2016. 
  20. ^ a b c Sales, Ben (February 8, 2016). "50 years on, Bernie Sanders still champions values of his Israeli kibbutz". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved February 8, 2016. 
  21. ^ Aderet, Ofer (4 February 2016). "Mystery Solved? Haaretz Archive Reveals Which Kibbutz Bernie Sanders Volunteered On". Haaretz. Retrieved 5 February 2016. 
  22. ^ "Shaar Haamakim Seeds". Sha'ar Ha'amakim Seeds, Ltd. Retrieved February 6, 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license