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Kibbutz Sha
Kibbutz Sha'ar HaAmakim (Israel) - שער העמקים מבט מהאוויר
Published: 2016/04/02
Channel: Dane Ilic
Ella Zager - Sukot 2011 - Kibbutz Shaar Haamakim
Ella Zager - Sukot 2011 - Kibbutz Shaar Haamakim
Published: 2011/10/12
Channel: Eli Zager
Miley Cyrus - Wrecking Ball Shaar Haamakim Parody
Miley Cyrus - Wrecking Ball Shaar Haamakim Parody
Published: 2014/04/03
Channel: Gal Perelsztejn
Ella Zager - Sukot 2011 - Kibbutz Shaar Haamakim (HD)
Ella Zager - Sukot 2011 - Kibbutz Shaar Haamakim (HD)
Published: 2011/10/13
Channel: Eli Zager
Bixler 2 Flight over Shaar Haamakim
Bixler 2 Flight over Shaar Haamakim
Published: 2015/02/27
Channel: Micky Carmel
purim2017
purim2017
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
תקציר טקס שבועות 2017 בשער העמקים
תקציר טקס שבועות 2017 בשער העמקים
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
סרטון לקראת פסח 2017
סרטון לקראת פסח 2017
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פורים 1988 - המחתרת היהודית
פורים 1988 - המחתרת היהודית
Published: 2016/03/18
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
תוצרת הבית  הופעה מקומית
תוצרת הבית הופעה מקומית
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פרומו 1  קיבוצניק 4
פרומו 1 קיבוצניק 4
Published: 2016/06/16
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
Bernie Sanders Tries Stand-Up Comedy (1991)
Bernie Sanders Tries Stand-Up Comedy (1991)
Published: 2016/07/18
Channel: The Film Archives
תערוכת ענפים והפעלות לילדים שבועות 2017
תערוכת ענפים והפעלות לילדים שבועות 2017
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
ביקור המלחים המצרים בשער העמקים 1979
ביקור המלחים המצרים בשער העמקים 1979
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פרומו קיבוצניק 3
פרומו קיבוצניק 3
Published: 2016/04/28
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
promofa
promofa
Published: 2015/05/09
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
חללי ששת הימים בשער העמקים
חללי ששת הימים בשער העמקים
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
שבת בקשישון 17/12/2016
שבת בקשישון 17/12/2016
Published: 2016/12/19
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פרומו  מנהיגים וכדורגלנים לקיבוצניק 6
פרומו מנהיגים וכדורגלנים לקיבוצניק 6
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
שער העמקים פורים 2015
שער העמקים פורים 2015
Published: 2015/03/16
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
ביקור טל ברודי בשער העמקים
ביקור טל ברודי בשער העמקים
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
תינוקות עד נערים בשער העמקים של סוף שנות ה-70
תינוקות עד נערים בשער העמקים של סוף שנות ה-70
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
תחרות שחייה בשער העמקים
תחרות שחייה בשער העמקים
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פורים 1991
פורים 1991
Published: 2017/02/22
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פורים שער העמקים 2016
פורים שער העמקים 2016
Published: 2016/03/27
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
סרטון לסוכות שער העמקים 2016
סרטון לסוכות שער העמקים 2016
Published: 2016/10/20
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
קיבוצניק 4
קיבוצניק 4
Published: 2016/06/25
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
נס חנוכה שער העמקים 1990
נס חנוכה שער העמקים 1990
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
VSPOT DANCE STUDIO | THE PiONEER CLIP | Friction & Skream
VSPOT DANCE STUDIO | THE PiONEER CLIP | Friction & Skream
Published: 2013/06/06
Channel: studioVspot
כתבה על אמנים בשער העמקים  1992
כתבה על אמנים בשער העמקים 1992
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
טו בשבט 1994 צילום ועריכה נגה בינשטוק
טו בשבט 1994 צילום ועריכה נגה בינשטוק
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
4 שירים מתוך סדר פסח שער העמקים 2017
4 שירים מתוך סדר פסח שער העמקים 2017
Published: 2017/04/13
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
הרפתקה ביער הגמדים
הרפתקה ביער הגמדים
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פורים לילדים 1994
פורים לילדים 1994
Published: 2016/03/18
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
כתבה על הארכיון דצמבר 2016
כתבה על הארכיון דצמבר 2016
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פורים 1990 - הגיע זמן לישון
פורים 1990 - הגיע זמן לישון
Published: 2016/03/17
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פורים 1990 - באבאסאלי
פורים 1990 - באבאסאלי
Published: 2016/03/18
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
חפש את המטמון - 6/6/2015
חפש את המטמון - 6/6/2015
Published: 2015/06/21
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
תקציר עצמאות 69 בשער העמקים
תקציר עצמאות 69 בשער העמקים
Published: 2017/05/11
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
מה אתם באמת חושבים על קיבוצניק
מה אתם באמת חושבים על קיבוצניק
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
קליפ מופע "שער ל-80"
קליפ מופע "שער ל-80"
Published: 2015/05/29
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
חזרות לערב שירי מאיר אריאל
חזרות לערב שירי מאיר אריאל
Published: 2016/02/25
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
פורים 1988 מצלמה נסתרת
פורים 1988 מצלמה נסתרת
Published: 2016/03/18
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
cohen family
cohen family
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
קיבוץ שער העמקים ריקוד בנים פורים 2013 שכבת י"א
קיבוץ שער העמקים ריקוד בנים פורים 2013 שכבת י"א
Published: 2014/03/16
Channel: Gal Perelsztejn
צוות המתופפים בחזרות - 11/5/2015
צוות המתופפים בחזרות - 11/5/2015
Published: 2015/05/12
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
הבצקניות של מלכה
הבצקניות של מלכה
Published: 2015/07/05
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
חזרות מתופפים לקראת מופע ה80!!
חזרות מתופפים לקראת מופע ה80!!
Published: 2015/05/07
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
ריקוד בנים פורים 2015
ריקוד בנים פורים 2015
Published: 2015/09/02
Channel: Gal Perelsztejn
קליפ שבועות 2015
קליפ שבועות 2015
Published: 2015/05/29
Channel: Site Shaar Haamakim
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Sha'ar HaAmakim
Sha'ar HaAmakim in 2008
Sha'ar HaAmakim in 2008
Sha'ar HaAmakim is located in Israel
Sha'ar HaAmakim
Sha'ar HaAmakim
Coordinates: 32°43′23″N 35°6′48″E / 32.72306°N 35.11333°E / 32.72306; 35.11333Coordinates: 32°43′23″N 35°6′48″E / 32.72306°N 35.11333°E / 32.72306; 35.11333
Grid position 160/236 PAL
District Haifa
Council Zevulun Regional Council
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1935
Founded by Romanian and Yugoslavian immigrants
Population (2015)[1] 687
Website www.s-h.org.il

Sha'ar HaAmakim (Hebrew: שַׁעַר הַעֲמָקִים‎, lit. Gate of the Valleys) is a kibbutz in northern Israel associated with the Hashomer Hatzair movement founded in 1935. Located near Kiryat Tiv'on, it falls under the jurisdiction of Zevulun Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 687.[1]

History[edit]

Antiquity[edit]

Hellenistic era site near the kibbutz

Human habitation in the area dates at least as far back as the Hellenistic period.[2]

Crusader era[edit]

In 1283, during the hudna ("truce") between the Crusaders based in Acre and the Mamluk sultan al-Mansur Qalawun, this location was named el Harathiyah and was described as part of the domain of the Crusaders.[3]

Ottoman era[edit]

During the Ottoman era, a Muslim village at the site was called el Hâritheh.[4] The village appeared as El Harti on the map of Pierre Jacotin compiled in 1799.[5] In 1859, the population was recorded as 120 with tillable land of 12 feddans.[6] In 1875, Victor Guérin reported about 40 houses.[7] In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as an adobe hamlet.[6]

A population list from about 1887 showed that Harithiyeh had about 120 inhabitants; all Muslims.[8]

British Mandate era[edit]

Horse-drawn and mechanical vehicles at the kibbutz' flour mill in the 1950s

In 1925 a Zionist organisation purchased 50 feddans in Hartieh from the Sursock family of Beirut. At the time, there were 60 families living there.[9] From 1931, and lasting several years, the Jewish Agency struggled to evict the Arab tenant farmers from Hartiya.[10][11][12] According to Avneri, Hartiya land was to become Sha'ar HaAmakim.[10] According to the Department of Statistics, however, Sha'ar HaAmakim had previously been part of Sheikh Bureik.[13][14]

Kibbutz Sha'ar HaAmakim was founded in 1935 by immigrants from Romania and Yugoslavia. Its name was derived from the nearby confluence of the Jezreel and Zevulun valleys.[15] By 1945 it had a population of 360, all Jews.[13][14]

State of Israel[edit]

Sha'ar HaAmakim hosted volunteers from around the world, including France and the United States, who worked at the kibbutz and participated in cultural exchanges.[16] In the 1960s, there were up to 100 volunteers each year.[17] Bernie Sanders, who later became a U.S. Senator, worked at the kibbutz for several months in 1963.[18][17]

Economy[edit]

According to a 2016 report, the kibbutz derives most of its income from its solar water heater factory. It also makes money from agriculture, including dairy farming.[16] For over five decades, the kibbutz has produced and processed sunflower seeds which it markets under its name both in Israel and for export.[19] It also has a fish pond and orchards producing apples, peaches, and pears.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Segal, Arthur; Młynarczyk, Jolanta; Burdajewicz, Mariusz; Bar-Oz, Guy (2009). Excavations of the Hellenistic site in Kibbutz Sha'ar-Ha'Amakim. Haifa: Zinman Institute of Archaeology, University of Haifa. ISBN 9789659041879. 
  3. ^ Barag, 1979, p. 204
  4. ^ ”the ploughed land”, Palmer, 1881, p. 109
  5. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 163
  6. ^ a b Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 270
  7. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 399-400
  8. ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 175
  9. ^ List of villages sold by Sursocks and their partners to the Zionists since British occupation of Palestine Evidence to the Shaw Commission, 1930
  10. ^ a b Avneri, 1984, pp. 156-7
  11. ^ 26 February 1935, House of Commons
  12. ^ Bernie Sanders Stint at 'Stalinist' Kibbutz Draws Red-Baiting From Right, Nathan Guttman, February 5, 2016 The Forward
  13. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 15
  14. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 49
  15. ^ History Sha'ar HaAmakim Seeds
  16. ^ a b Erlanger, Steven (February 5, 2016). "Bernie Sanders’s Kibbutz Found. Surprise: It’s Socialist.". The New York Times. Retrieved February 6, 2016. 
  17. ^ a b c Sales, Ben (February 8, 2016). "50 years on, Bernie Sanders still champions values of his Israeli kibbutz". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved February 8, 2016. 
  18. ^ Aderet, Ofer (4 February 2016). "Mystery Solved? Haaretz Archive Reveals Which Kibbutz Bernie Sanders Volunteered On". Haaretz. Retrieved 5 February 2016. 
  19. ^ "Shaar Haamakim Seeds". Sha'ar Ha'amakim Seeds, Ltd. Retrieved February 6, 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

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