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Shahada Step By Step Lesson (How To Covert To Islam)
Shahada Step By Step Lesson (How To Covert To Islam)
Published: 2015/02/23
Channel: TheTruthIsHere610
How to say the Shahada in Arabic?? ♡
How to say the Shahada in Arabic?? ♡
Published: 2013/08/27
Channel: Quran /Sunnah
2 Brothers take the Shahada after Jummah Prayer
2 Brothers take the Shahada after Jummah Prayer
Published: 2012/04/28
Channel: IslamicWorker
pronunciation the Shahada easily
pronunciation the Shahada easily
Published: 2014/11/28
Channel: Quran /Sunnah
How to become a Muslim (How to recite the Shahada)
How to become a Muslim (How to recite the Shahada)
Published: 2012/02/16
Channel: CounterLast
ISLAMIC BONGO MOVIE.SHAHADA part 2
ISLAMIC BONGO MOVIE.SHAHADA part 2
Published: 2016/05/03
Channel: zeynep nimet öcalan
Tips For A New Shahada/New Muslim/ Best Islamic Apps
Tips For A New Shahada/New Muslim/ Best Islamic Apps
Published: 2015/04/19
Channel: SociallyAwkwardHijabi
BONGO ISLAMIC MOVIE.SHAHADA PART 1
BONGO ISLAMIC MOVIE.SHAHADA PART 1
Published: 2016/05/03
Channel: zeynep nimet öcalan
My Shahada with Shaykh Hamza Yusuf
My Shahada with Shaykh Hamza Yusuf
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: Catherine Houlihan
Shahada : Emotional Conversion to ISLAM
Shahada : Emotional Conversion to ISLAM
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: Be Normal
ANY DOUBTS NOW? OBAMA & SHAHADA ~ WE HAVE TO WAKE AMERICA UP, THEY ARE COMING IN BY THE DROVES
ANY DOUBTS NOW? OBAMA & SHAHADA ~ WE HAVE TO WAKE AMERICA UP, THEY ARE COMING IN BY THE DROVES
Published: 2015/08/06
Channel: KenyanBornObama
Learn Salat
Learn Salat's Arabic - Shahada - Video 5 - MyZikr.com
Published: 2008/02/16
Channel: Aman Siddiqi
Converting to Islam, and becoming Muslim: Taking Shahada @ Islamic Foundation
Converting to Islam, and becoming Muslim: Taking Shahada @ Islamic Foundation
Published: 2009/12/22
Channel: ICNA
How to Say the Shahada ?
How to Say the Shahada ?
Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: Guide To islam
Emotione Shahada na de les " Dit is Mohammed" هولنديه تسلم اثناء درس السيرة النبوية
Emotione Shahada na de les " Dit is Mohammed" هولنديه تسلم اثناء درس السيرة النبوية
Published: 2016/03/07
Channel: AlkhattabNL
Two non muslim women took  Shahada also How to take Shahada.
Two non muslim women took Shahada also How to take Shahada.
Published: 2011/05/08
Channel: Peacetoall
🔥 Shia Stops Girlfriend Take Shahada !! 🔥
🔥 Shia Stops Girlfriend Take Shahada !! 🔥
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: Guidance Avenue
Reciting my Shahada
Reciting my Shahada
Published: 2014/03/03
Channel: Sarah Amnoun
Crying Shahada. A christian take off his cross right away!
Crying Shahada. A christian take off his cross right away!
Published: 2012/12/18
Channel: KurdiBlogger
Shahada van Niels
Shahada van Niels
Published: 2014/07/11
Channel: ontdekislam
VLOG ~ SAYING MY SHAHADA AT A MOSQUE + Advice for New Muslims from the Imam
VLOG ~ SAYING MY SHAHADA AT A MOSQUE + Advice for New Muslims from the Imam
Published: 2016/11/27
Channel: Watdoing Vlogs
What Is the Shahada?
What Is the Shahada?
Published: 2012/10/18
Channel: Acts17Apologetics
SAYING THE SHAHADA ~ FOR MUSLIM CONVERTS/REVERTS
SAYING THE SHAHADA ~ FOR MUSLIM CONVERTS/REVERTS
Published: 2016/12/12
Channel: Samantha Mariam
Shahada eng
Shahada eng
Published: 2015/07/20
Channel: Shane Harris
How to say the Shahada in Arabic 2 ♡(how become a muslim)
How to say the Shahada in Arabic 2 ♡(how become a muslim)
Published: 2013/09/24
Channel: Quran /Sunnah
AMAZING SHAHADA! iERA MISSION DAWAH WIMBLEDON
AMAZING SHAHADA! iERA MISSION DAWAH WIMBLEDON
Published: 2014/09/30
Channel: Mission Dawah
Stay Woke! After Shahada/Gives Views On Gays. Raspect Muhammad Tawheed Jedi
Stay Woke! After Shahada/Gives Views On Gays. Raspect Muhammad Tawheed Jedi
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: Content Over Everything
Emotional  Shahada with Sh Yusuf Estes
Emotional Shahada with Sh Yusuf Estes
Published: 2013/12/24
Channel: GuideUS TV
Taxi Dawah: Irish Girl takes first part of Shahada and understands to only worship One God
Taxi Dawah: Irish Girl takes first part of Shahada and understands to only worship One God
Published: 2014/12/23
Channel: KurdiBlogger
Speakers Corner !! Br Muhammad Tawheed Speaks with Dale (Something Outhere!) !!SHAHADA!! 👆
Speakers Corner !! Br Muhammad Tawheed Speaks with Dale (Something Outhere!) !!SHAHADA!! 👆
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Guidance Avenue
Shahada in Islam Vs Shahada in Shi
Shahada in Islam Vs Shahada in Shi'tism
Published: 2014/06/14
Channel: Anti Majos I
SHAHADA (Sub-English)-Part 1
SHAHADA (Sub-English)-Part 1
Published: 2012/03/19
Channel: galileo amichi
Reverts Guide: The Shahada
Reverts Guide: The Shahada
Published: 2016/04/25
Channel: Chloe Gülac
New Shahada with Yusuf Estes Ricki accepts Islam
New Shahada with Yusuf Estes Ricki accepts Islam
Published: 2015/01/24
Channel: GuideUS TV
FRENCH LADY CRIES AFTER ACCEPTING THE TRUTH | ISLAM | SHAHADA | MUHAMMAD TAWHEED | SPEAKERS CORNER
FRENCH LADY CRIES AFTER ACCEPTING THE TRUTH | ISLAM | SHAHADA | MUHAMMAD TAWHEED | SPEAKERS CORNER
Published: 2017/08/04
Channel: blackdunya
THE 7 CONDITIONS OF THE SHAHADA LA ILHA ILLA ALLAH
THE 7 CONDITIONS OF THE SHAHADA LA ILHA ILLA ALLAH
Published: 2016/01/31
Channel: SalafiStudentsScholars
Shahada in Innsbruck
Shahada in Innsbruck
Published: 2015/08/09
Channel: IMAN TV
De shahada van Maria ( 60)
De shahada van Maria ( 60)
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: AlkhattabNL
SEVEN CONDITIONS OF SHAHADA - Shaikh Faisal 2008
SEVEN CONDITIONS OF SHAHADA - Shaikh Faisal 2008
Published: 2014/08/30
Channel: Umm Thalaatha
Say Shahada
Say Shahada
Published: 2015/06/03
Channel: Noor Saadeh - Topic
One more young Brazilian lady makes Shahada in Mesquita Brasil
One more young Brazilian lady makes Shahada in Mesquita Brasil
Published: 2015/08/24
Channel: Mesquita Brasil - Sociedade Beneficente Muçulmana (SBM)
Brother Takes His Shahada 28/12/2013 East London Mosque
Brother Takes His Shahada 28/12/2013 East London Mosque
Published: 2013/12/28
Channel: Abdullah EspanoL
la SHAHADA en español
la SHAHADA en español
Published: 2013/06/21
Channel: oscar paris
what
what's the secret behind crying when say shahada and converting to islam?
Published: 2015/04/26
Channel: ComeToLight
shahada van broeder Aytan
shahada van broeder Aytan
Published: 2016/01/16
Channel: ontdekislam
Shahada de Alvaro - Ibrahim
Shahada de Alvaro - Ibrahim
Published: 2013/05/07
Channel: ISLAM HOY
Shahada van  Yassin
Shahada van Yassin
Published: 2014/07/18
Channel: ontdekislam
Rushikesh Patil
Rushikesh Patil's American Saffron Farming story, Shahada, Nandurbar.
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: Today's Farmer
Japanese Convert to Islam By Saying The Shahada (The Declaration of Faith)
Japanese Convert to Islam By Saying The Shahada (The Declaration of Faith)
Published: 2013/08/29
Channel: NewMan2015
Prince Naseem Praying The Shahada In The Ring!
Prince Naseem Praying The Shahada In The Ring!
Published: 2011/02/09
Channel: AlYemeniaMedia UK
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Shahada (Arabic: الشهادة‎‎ aš-šahādah About this sound audio , "the testimony"; aš-šahādatān (الشَهادَتانْ, "the two testimonials"); also Kalima Shahadat [كلمة الشهادة, "the testimonial word"]), is an Islamic creed declaring belief in the oneness of God (tawhid) and the acceptance of Muhammad as God's prophet. The declaration, in its shortest form, reads (right to left in Arabic):

لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا ٱلله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ ٱلله
lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh muḥammadun rasūlu llāh
There is no god but God. Muhammad is the messenger of God.[1][2][3][4]
Audio (prefaced by the phrase (wa) ašhadu ʾan —"(and) I testify, that") About this sound audio 

Terminology and significance[edit]

The noun šahāda (شَهادة), from the verbal root šahida (شَهِدَ) meaning "to observe, witness, testify", translates as "testimony" in both the everyday and the legal senses.[5][note 1] The Islamic creed is also called, in the dual form, šahādatān (شَهادَتانْ, literally "two testimonials"). The expression al-šahāda (the Witnessed) is used in Quran as one of the "titles of God".[9]

In Sunni Islam, the shahada has two parts: la ilaha illa'llah (there is no god but God), and Muhammadun rasul Allah (Muhammad is the messenger of God),[10] which are sometimes referred to as the first shahada and the second shahada.[11] The first statement of the shahada is also known as the tahlīl.[12]

In Shia Islam, the shahada also has a third part, a phrase concerning Ali, the first Shia Imam and the fourth Rashid caliph of Sunni Islam: وعليٌ وليُّ الله (wa ʿalīyyun walīyyu-llāh), which translates to "Ali is the wali of God".[13]

In the Quran, the first shahadah takes the form la ilaha illa'llah twice (37:35, 47:19), and allahu la ilaha illa hu (God, there is no god but He) much more often.[14] It appears in the shorter form la ilaha illa Hu (There is no god but He) in many places.[14][15] It appears in these forms about 30 times in the Quran, and never attached with the other parts of the shahadah in Sunni or Shia Islam or "in conjunction with another name".[16]

Islam's monotheistic nature is reflected in the first shahada, which declares belief in the oneness of God and that he is the only entity truly worthy of worship.[11] The second shahada indicates the means by which God has offered guidance to human beings.[17] The verse reminds Muslims that they accept not only the prophecy of Muhammad but also the long line of prophets who preceded him.[17] While the first part is seen as a cosmic truth, the second is specific to Islam, as it is understood that members of the older Abrahamic religions do not view Muhammad as one of their prophets.[17]

Shahada is a statement of both ritual and worship. In a well-known hadith, Muhammad defines Islam as witnessing that there is no god but God and that Muhammad is God's messenger, giving of alms (zakat), performing the ritual prayer, fasting during the month of Ramadan and making a pilgrimage to the Kaaba: the five pillars of Islam are inherent in this declaration of faith.[11][18]

Recitation[edit]

Recitation of the shahādah is the most common statement of faith for Muslims. In Sunni Islam, it is counted as the first of the Five Pillars of Islam,[9] while the Shi'i Twelvers and Isma'ilis also have the shahada as among their pillars of faith.[19] It is whispered by the father into the ear of a newborn child,[9] and it is whispered into the ear of a dying person.[20] The five canonical daily prayers each include a recitation of the shahada.[17] Recitation of the shahada in front of witnesses is also the first and only formal step in conversion to Islam.[9] This occasion often attracts more than the two required witnesses and sometimes includes a party-like celebration to welcome the convert into their new faith.[11] In accordance with the central importance played by the notion of intention (Arabic: نیّة‎‎, niyyah) in Islamic doctrine, the recitation of the shahada must reflect understanding of its import and heartfelt sincerity.[21][22] Intention is what differentiates acts of devotion from mundane acts and a simple reading of the shahada from invoking it as a ritual activity.[21][22]

Origin[edit]

Though the two phrases of the shahada are both present in the Quran (for example, 37:35 and 48:29), they are not found there side by side as in the shahada formula.[10] Versions of both phrases began to appear in coins and monumental architecture in the late seventh century, which suggests that it had not been officially established as a ritual statement of faith until then.[10] An inscription in the Dome of the Rock (est. 692) in Jerusalem reads "There is no god but God alone; He has no partner with him; Muhammad is the messenger of God".[10] Another variant appears in coins minted after the reign of Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan, the fifth Umayyad caliph, in the form "Muhammad is the servant of God and His messenger".[10] Although it is not clear when the shahada first came into common use among Muslims, it is clear that the sentiments it expresses were part of the Quran and Islamic doctrine from the earliest period.[10]

In Sufism[edit]

The shahada has been traditionally recited in the Sufi ceremony of dhikr (Arabic: ذِکْر ‎‎, "remembrance"), a ritual that resembles mantras found in many other religious traditions.[23] During the ceremony, the shahada may be repeated thousands of times, sometimes in the shortened form of the first phrase where the word Allah is replaced by huwa (He).[23] The chanting of the shahada sometimes provides a rhythmic background for singing.[24]

In architecture and art[edit]

The shahada appears as an architectural element in Islamic buildings around the world, such as those in Jerusalem, Cairo, and Istanbul.[10][25][26]

Late-medieval and renaissance European art displays a fascination with Middle Eastern motifs in general and the Arabic script in particular, as indicated by its use, without concern for its content, in painting, architecture and book illustrations.[27][28] In his San Giovenale Triptych, the Italian Renaissance artist Masaccio has copied the full shahada on the halo of the Madonna, written backwards.[28][29]

Use on flags[edit]

The shahada is found on Islamic flags. Wahhabism used the shahada on their flags since the 18th century.[30] In 1902, ibn Saud, leader of the House of Saud and the future founder of Saudi Arabia, added a sword to this flag.[30] The modern Flag of Saudi Arabia was introduced in 1973.[31] The Flag of Somaliland has a horizontal strip of green, white and red with the shahada inscribed in white on the green strip.[32]

Between 1997 and 2001, the Taliban used a white flag with the shahada inscribed in black as the flag of their Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. The various jihadist black flag used by Islamic insurgents since the 2000s have often followed this example. The shahada written on a green background has been used by supporters of Hamas since about 2000. The 2004 draft constitution of Afghanistan proposed a flag featuring the shahada in white script centered on a red background. In 2006, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant designed its flag using the shahada phrase written in white on black background. The font used is supposedly similar to the font used as seal on the original letters written on Muhammad's behalf.[33]

National Flags with Shahada[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The related noun šahīd (شَهيد), which is used in the Quran mainly in the sense "witness", has paralleled in its development the Greek martys (Greek: μάρτυς) in that it may mean both "witness" and "martyr".[6][7] Similarly, šahāda may also mean "martyrdom" although in modern Arabic the more commonly used word for "martyrdom" is another derivative of the same root, istišhād (إسْتِشْهادْ).[8]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Malise Ruthven (January 2004). Historical Atlas of Islam. Harvard University Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-674-01385-8. 
  2. ^ Richard C. Martín. Encyclopedia of Islam & the Muslim World. Granite Hill Publishers. p. 723. ISBN 978-0-02-865603-8. 
  3. ^ Frederick Mathewson Denny (2006). An Introduction to Islam. Pearson Prentice Hall. p. 409. ISBN 978-0-13-183563-4. 
  4. ^ Mohammad, Noor (1985). "The Doctrine of Jihad: An Introduction". Journal of Law and Religion. 3 (2): 381–397. JSTOR 1051182. doi:10.2307/1051182. 
  5. ^ Wehr, Hans; J. Milton Cowan (1976). A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic (PDF). pp. 488–489. 
  6. ^ David Cook, Martyrdom (Shahada) Oxford Bibliographies
  7. ^ The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Volume IX, Klijkebrille, 1997, p. 201.
  8. ^ John Wortabet; Harvey Porter (1 September 2003). English-Arabic and Arabic-English Dictionary. Asian Educational Services. p. 238. 
  9. ^ a b c d Cornell, p. 8
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Lindsay, p. 140–141
  11. ^ a b c d Cornell, p. 9
  12. ^ Michael Anthony Sells (1999). Approaching the Qur'an: The Early Revelations. White Cloud Press. p. 151. 
  13. ^ The Later Mughals by William Irvine p. 130
  14. ^ a b Nasr et al (2015). The Study Quran. HarperOne. p. 110. (Footnote 255)
  15. ^ Nasr et al (2015). The Study Quran. HarperOne. p. 1356. (Footnote 22)
  16. ^ Edip Yuksel et al (2007). Quran: A Reformist Translation. Brainbrow Press. Footnote 3:18.
  17. ^ a b c d Cornell, p. 10
  18. ^ Lindsay, p. 149
  19. ^ "Seeking the Straight Path: Reflections of a New Muslim". Retrieved 2007-07-09. 
  20. ^ Azim Nanji (2008). The Penguin Dictionary of Islam. Penguin UK. p. 101. 
  21. ^ a b Andrew Rippin (2005). Muslims: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices. Psychology Press. pp. 104–105. 
  22. ^ a b Ignác Goldziher (1981). Introduction to Islamic Theology and Law. Princeton University Press. pp. 18–19. 
  23. ^ a b Ian Richard Netton (19 December 2013). Encyclopaedia of Islam. p. 143. 
  24. ^ Jonathan Holt Shannon (2006). Among the Jasmine Trees: Music and Modernity in Contemporary Syria. Wesleyan University Press. pp. 110–111. 
  25. ^ Doris Behrens-Abouseif (1989). Islamic Architecture in Cairo: An Introduction. Brill. p. 54. 
  26. ^ Oleg Grabar (ed.) (1985). An Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture. Brill. p. 110. 
  27. ^ Eva Baer (2013). The Renaissance and the Ottoman World. Ashgate Publishing. pp. 41–43. 
  28. ^ a b Anna Contadini, Dr. Claire Norton (1989). Ayyubid Metalwork With Christian Images. Brill. p. 47. 
  29. ^ Graziella Parati (1999). Mediterranean Crossroads: Migration Literature in Italy. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. p. 13. 
  30. ^ a b Firefly Books (2003). Firefly Guide to Flags of the World. Firefly Books. ISBN 978-1-55297-813-9. 
  31. ^ "Saudi Arabia Flag and Description". World Atlas. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  32. ^ James B. Minahan. Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups Around the World A-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 806. ISBN 9780313076961. 
  33. ^ McCants, William (22 September 2015). "How ISIS Got Its Flag". The Atlantic. Retrieved 23 November 2015. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

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