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Shakespeare in Love Part 1
Shakespeare in Love Part 1
::2014/04/27::
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شكسبير
شكسبير
::2012/05/18::
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Shakespeare In Love and In Bed
Shakespeare In Love and In Bed
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Shakespeare In Love (Lyrics) Layla Kaylif
Shakespeare In Love (Lyrics) Layla Kaylif
::2012/02/01::
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Shakespeare in Love Official Trailer #1 - Tom Wilkinson Movie (1998) HD
Shakespeare in Love Official Trailer #1 - Tom Wilkinson Movie (1998) HD
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Layla Kaylif-Shakespeare In Love
Layla Kaylif-Shakespeare In Love
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Shakespeare in Love - Trailer
Shakespeare in Love - Trailer
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Shakespeare in Love
Shakespeare in Love
::2014/01/21::
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Shakespeare in Love (5/8) Movie CLIP - A New Juliet (1998) HD
Shakespeare in Love (5/8) Movie CLIP - A New Juliet (1998) HD
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Layla Kaylif -- Shakespeare in Love
Layla Kaylif -- Shakespeare in Love
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Shakespeare in love
Shakespeare in love
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Shakespeare in Love (1/8) Movie CLIP - Viola Is Thomas (1998) HD
Shakespeare in Love (1/8) Movie CLIP - Viola Is Thomas (1998) HD
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Court Dance from Shakespeare in Love
Court Dance from Shakespeare in Love
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Shakespeare in Love (Suite)
Shakespeare in Love (Suite)
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A Woman in a Man
A Woman in a Man's Profession - Shakespeare in Love (6/8) Movie CLIP (1998) HD
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Shakespeare in Love - Stuttering Chorus - Romeo and Juliet
Shakespeare in Love - Stuttering Chorus - Romeo and Juliet
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Shakespeare in love
Shakespeare in love
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Shakespeare in Love (3/8) Movie CLIP - Viola Meets the Queen (1998) HD
Shakespeare in Love (3/8) Movie CLIP - Viola Meets the Queen (1998) HD
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SHAKESPEARE IN LOVE - On Stage
SHAKESPEARE IN LOVE - On Stage
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Shakespeare in Love romeo and juliet part 1
Shakespeare in Love romeo and juliet part 1
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Shakespeare in Love - Nickleback - Far Away
Shakespeare in Love - Nickleback - Far Away
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Shakespeare in Love (2/8) Movie CLIP - It Is a New World (1998) HD
Shakespeare in Love (2/8) Movie CLIP - It Is a New World (1998) HD
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Shakespeare in Love - Theme
Shakespeare in Love - Theme
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Shakespeare in Love (8/8) Movie CLIP - Write Me Well (1998) HD
Shakespeare in Love (8/8) Movie CLIP - Write Me Well (1998) HD
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Watch Shakespeare in Love Full Film
Watch Shakespeare in Love Full Film
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Siskel & Ebert - Shakespeare in Love (1998)
Siskel & Ebert - Shakespeare in Love (1998)
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shakespeare in love 1
shakespeare in love 1
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Shakespeare in love scene ita
Shakespeare in love scene ita
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Shakespeare in Love (4/8) Movie CLIP - The Theater Is Closed (1998) HD
Shakespeare in Love (4/8) Movie CLIP - The Theater Is Closed (1998) HD
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Shakespeare in love - Escena previa al estreno de Romeo y Julieta
Shakespeare in love - Escena previa al estreno de Romeo y Julieta
::2013/08/04::
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Gwyneth Paltrow winning an Oscar® for "Shakespeare in Love"
Gwyneth Paltrow winning an Oscar® for "Shakespeare in Love"
::2010/01/04::
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Shakespeare In Love-Final Scene
Shakespeare In Love-Final Scene
::2010/03/16::
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In Conversation With... Shakespeare in Love
In Conversation With... Shakespeare in Love's Lucy Briggs Owen & Tom Bateman
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Shakespeare in Love - Layla Kaylif (lyrics)
Shakespeare in Love - Layla Kaylif (lyrics)
::2009/04/03::
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Shakespeare in Love - The Old Ways
Shakespeare in Love - The Old Ways
::2009/01/08::
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Tom Bateman and Lucy Briggs-Owen chat about Shakespeare In Love
Tom Bateman and Lucy Briggs-Owen chat about Shakespeare In Love
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Shakespeare In Love: Romeo (Joseph Fiennes) and Juliet (Gwyneth Paltrow) Balcony Scene
Shakespeare In Love: Romeo (Joseph Fiennes) and Juliet (Gwyneth Paltrow) Balcony Scene
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Shakespeare In Love - Layla Kaylif
Shakespeare In Love - Layla Kaylif
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Shakespeare in Love- The End
Shakespeare in Love- The End
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Shakespeare in love
Shakespeare in love
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BBC News - Shakespeare in Love play debuts in London
BBC News - Shakespeare in Love play debuts in London
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'La natura dell'amore' (Shakespeare in love)
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Shakespeare In Love | Gwyneth Paltrow Hot Scene
Shakespeare In Love | Gwyneth Paltrow Hot Scene
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"Shakespeare in Love" Cast Motor Neurone Disease Ice Bucket Challenge
"Shakespeare in Love" Cast Motor Neurone Disease Ice Bucket Challenge
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23. The End [Shakespeare In Love] - Stephen Warbeck
23. The End [Shakespeare In Love] - Stephen Warbeck
::2008/12/22::
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Shakespeare in Love (1998) trailer
Shakespeare in Love (1998) trailer
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Shakespeare in the Classroom - Miramax
Shakespeare in the Classroom - Miramax
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Shakespeare in Love
Shakespeare in Love
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Geoffrey Rush Explains Why he Did
Geoffrey Rush Explains Why he Did 'Shakespeare in Love'
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Shakespeare in Love on Blu-ray - "Ned the Great"
Shakespeare in Love on Blu-ray - "Ned the Great"
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Shakespeare in Love
Shakespeare in Love 1998 Poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by John Madden
Produced by David Parfitt
Donna Gigliotti
Harvey Weinstein
Edward Zwick
Marc Norman
Written by Marc Norman
Tom Stoppard
Starring Gwyneth Paltrow
Joseph Fiennes
Geoffrey Rush
Colin Firth
Ben Affleck
Judi Dench
Music by Stephen Warbeck
Cinematography Richard Greatrex
Edited by David Gamble
Distributed by Miramax Films (US)
Alliance Atlantis (CAN)
Universal Pictures (Worldwide)
Release dates
  • 3 December 1998 (1998-12-03) (US)
  • 29 January 1999 (1999-01-29) (UK)
Running time 123 minutes
Country United Kingdom
United States
Language English
Budget $25 million[1]
Box office $289,317,794[1]
For the theatre adaptation, see Shakespeare in Love (musical).

Shakespeare in Love is a 1998 British-American romantic comedy-drama film directed by John Madden, written by Marc Norman and playwright Tom Stoppard. The film depicts an imaginary love affair involving Viola de Lesseps (Gwyneth Paltrow) and playwright William Shakespeare (Joseph Fiennes) while he was writing Romeo and Juliet. Several characters are based on historical people, and many of the characters, lines, and plot devices allude to Shakespeare's plays.

Shakespeare in Love won seven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Actress (Gwyneth Paltrow), and Best Supporting Actress (Judi Dench).

Plot[edit]

In 1593 London, William Shakespeare is a sometime player in the Lord Chamberlain's Men and poor playwright for Philip Henslowe, owner of The Rose Theatre. Shakespeare is working on a new comedy, Romeo and Ethel, the Pirate's Daughter. Suffering from writer's block, he has barely begun the play, but starts auditioning players. Viola de Lesseps, the daughter of a wealthy merchant who has seen Shakespeare's plays at court, disguises herself as "Thomas Kent" to audition, then runs away. Shakespeare pursues Kent to Viola's house and leaves a note with the nurse, asking Thomas Kent to begin rehearsals at the Rose. He sneaks into the house with the minstrels playing that night at the ball, where her parents are arranging her betrothal to Lord Wessex, an impoverished aristocrat. While dancing with Viola, Shakespeare is struck speechless, and after being forcibly ejected by Wessex, uses Thomas Kent as a go-between to woo her. Wessex also asks Will's name, to which he replies that he is Christopher Marlowe.

When he discovers her true identity, they begin a secret affair. Inspired by her, Shakespeare writes quickly, with help from his friend and rival playwright Christopher 'Kit' Marlowe, completely transforming the play into what will become Romeo and Juliet. Viola is appalled when she learns he is married, albeit separated from his wife, and she knows she cannot escape her duty to marry Wessex. After Viola learns that Will is married, Will discovers that Marlowe is dead, and thinks he is the one to blame. Lord Wessex deep down knew about the affair between Shakespeare and his bride-to-be. Because Wessex thinks that Will is Marlowe, he thinks of Kit's death as a good thing, and tells Viola the news. It is later learned that Marlowe was killed by accident. Viola finds out that Will is still alive, and expresses that she loves him. Then, Viola is summoned to court to receive approval for the match of her and Lord Wessex. Shakespeare dons a woman's disguise to accompany her as her cousin. There, he persuades Wessex to wager £50 that a play can capture the true nature of love, the exact amount Shakespeare requires to buy a share in the Chamberlain's Men. Queen Elizabeth I declares that she will judge the matter, as occasion arises.

When Edmund Tilney, the Master of the Revels, is informed there is a woman player at The Rose, he closes the theatre for breaking the ban on women. Viola's identity is exposed before the company, leaving them without a stage or lead actor, until Richard Burbage, owner of the Curtain, offers them his theatre. Shakespeare takes the role of Romeo, with a boy actor as Juliet. Following her wedding, Viola learns that the play will be performed that day, and runs away to the Curtain. Planning to watch with the crowd, Viola overhears that the boy playing Juliet cannot perform, and offers to replace him. While she plays Juliet to Shakespeare's Romeo, the audience is enthralled, despite the tragic ending, until Master Tilney arrives to arrest everyone for indecency due to Viola's presence.

But the Queen is in attendance and restrains Tilney, instead asserting that Kent's resemblance to a woman is, indeed, remarkable. However, even a queen is powerless to end a lawful marriage, and she orders Kent to fetch Viola because she must sail with Wessex to the Colony of Virginia. The Queen also tells Wessex, who followed Viola to the theatre, that Romeo and Juliet has won the bet for Shakespeare, and has Kent deliver his £50 with instructions to write something "a little more cheerful next time, for Twelfth Night".

Viola and Shakespeare say their goodbyes, and he vows to immortalize her, as they improvise the beginnings of his Twelfth Night, Or What You Will, imagining her as a castaway disguised as a man after a voyage to a strange land. "For she will be my heroine for all time, and her name will be...Viola."

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

The original idea for Shakespeare in Love came to screenwriter Marc Norman in the late 1980s. He pitched a draft screenplay to director Edward Zwick. The screenplay attracted Julia Roberts who agreed to play Viola. However, Zwick disliked Norman's screenplay and hired the playwright Tom Stoppard to improve it (Stoppard's first major success had been with the Shakespeare-themed play Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead).[2]

The film went into production in 1991 at Universal Pictures, with Zwick as director, but although sets and costumes were in construction, Shakespeare had not yet been cast, because Julia Roberts insisted that only Daniel Day-Lewis could play the role.[citation needed] Day-Lewis was uninterested, and when Roberts failed to persuade him, she withdrew from the film, six weeks before shooting was due to begin. The production went into turnaround, and Zwick was unable to persuade other studios to take up the screenplay.[2]

Eventually, Zwick got Miramax interested in the screenplay, but Miramax chose John Madden as director. Miramax boss Harvey Weinstein acted as producer, and persuaded Ben Affleck to take a small role as Ned Alleyn.[3]

The film was considerably reworked after the first test screenings. The scene with Shakespeare and Viola in the punt was re-shot, to make it more emotional, and some lines were re-recorded to clarify the reasons why Viola had to marry Wessex. The ending was re-shot several times, until Stoppard eventually came up with the idea of Viola suggesting to Shakespeare that their parting could inspire his next play.[4]

References to Elizabethan literature[edit]

Much of the action of the film echoes that of Romeo and Juliet. Will and Viola play out the famous balcony and bedroom scenes; like Juliet, Viola has a witty nurse, and is separated from Will by a gulf of duty (although not the family enmity of the play: the "two households" of Romeo and Juliet are supposedly inspired by the two rival playhouses). In addition, the two lovers are equally "star-crossed" — they are not ultimately destined to be together (since Viola is of rich and socially ambitious merchant stock and is promised to marry Lord Wessex, while Shakespeare himself is poor and already married). There is also a Rosaline, with whom Will is in love at the beginning of the film. There are references to earlier cinematic versions of Shakespeare, such as the balcony scene pastiching the Zeffirelli Romeo and Juliet.[5]

Many other plot devices used in the film are common in Shakespearean comedies and other plays of the Elizabethan era: the Queen disguised as a commoner, the cross-dressing disguises, mistaken identities, the sword fight, the suspicion of adultery, the appearance of a "ghost" (cf. Macbeth), and the "play within a play". According to Douglas Brode, the film deftly portrays many of the these devices as though the events depicted were the inspiration for Shakespeare's own use of them in his plays.[6]

The film also has sequences in which Shakespeare and the other characters utter words that later appear in his plays:

  • On the street, Shakespeare hears a Puritan preaching against the two London stages: "The Rose smells thusly rank, by any name! I say, a plague on both their houses!" Two references in one, both to Romeo and Juliet; first, "A rose by any other name would smell as sweet" (Act II, scene ii, lines 1 and 2); second, "a plague on both your houses" (Act III, scene I, line 94).
  • Backstage at a performance of The Two Gentlemen of Verona, Shakespeare sees William Kempe in full make-up, silently contemplating a skull, a reference to the gravediggers scene in Hamlet.
  • Shakespeare utters the lines "Doubt thou the stars are fire, / Doubt that the sun doth move" (from Hamlet) to Philip Henslowe.
  • As Shakespeare's writer's block is introduced, he is seen crumpling balls of paper and throwing them around his room. They land near props which represent scenes in several of his plays: a skull (Hamlet), and an open chest (The Merchant of Venice).
  • Viola, as well as being Paltrow's character in the film, is the lead character in Twelfth Night who dresses as a man after the supposed death of her brother.
  • At the end of the film, Shakespeare imagines a shipwreck overtaking Viola on her way to America, inspiring the second scene of his next play, Twelfth Night, and perhaps also The Tempest.
  • Shakespeare writes a sonnet to Viola which begins: "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" (from Sonnet 18).
  • Shakespeare tells Henslowe that he still owes him for "one gentleman of Verona", a reference to Two Gentlemen of Verona, part of which we also see being acted before the Queen later in the film.
  • In the boat, when Shakespeare tells Viola, disguised as Thomas Kent, of his lady’s beauty and charms, she dismisses his praise, as no real woman could live up to the ideal. This is a set up for Sonnet 130, “My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun”.

Christopher Marlowe is presented in the film as the master playwright whom the characters consider the greatest English dramatist of that time — this is historically accurate, yet also humorous, since the film's audience knows what will eventually happen to Shakespeare's reputation. Marlowe gives Shakespeare a plot for his next play, "Romeo and Ethel the Pirate's Daughter" ("Romeo is Italian...always in and out of love...until he meets...Ethel. The daughter of his enemy! His best friend is killed in a duel by Ethel's brother or something. His name is Mercutio.")[7] Marlowe's Doctor Faustus is quoted repeatedly: "Was this the face that launched a thousand ships/ And burned the topless towers of Ilium?" A reference is also made to Marlowe's final, unfinished play The Massacre at Paris in a scene wherein Marlowe (Rupert Everett) seeks payment for the final act of the play from Richard Burbage (Martin Clunes). Burbage promises the payment the next day, so Marlowe refuses to part with the pages and departs for Deptford, where he is killed.[8] The only surviving text of The Massacre at Paris is an undated octavo that is probably too short to represent the complete original play. It has been suggested to be a memorial reconstruction by the actors who performed the work.[9]

The child John Webster who plays with mice is a reference to the leading figure in the Jacobean generation of playwrights. His plays (The Duchess of Malfi, The White Devil) are known for their blood and gore, which is why he says that he enjoys Titus Andronicus, and why he says of Romeo and Juliet when asked by the Queen "I liked it when she stabbed herself."[10]

When the clown Will Kempe (Patrick Barlow) says to Shakespeare that he would like to play in a drama, he is told that "they would laugh at Seneca if you played it," a reference to the Roman tragedian renowned for his sombre and bloody plot lines which were a major influence on the development of English tragedy.

Will is shown signing a paper repeatedly, with many relatively illegible signatures visible. This is a reference to the fact that several versions of Shakespeare's signature exist, and in each one he spelled his name differently.

Plot precedents and similarities[edit]

After the film's release, certain publications, including Private Eye, noted strong similarities between the film and the 1941 novel No Bed for Bacon, by Caryl Brahms and S. J. Simon, which also features Shakespeare falling in love and finding inspiration for his later plays. In a foreword to a subsequent edition of No Bed for Bacon (which traded on the association by declaring itself "A Story of Shakespeare and Lady Viola in Love") Ned Sherrin, Private Eye insider and former writing partner of Brahms', confirmed that he had lent a copy of the novel to Stoppard after he joined the writing team,[11] but that the basic plot of the film had been independently developed by Marc Norman, who was unaware of the earlier work.

The film's plot can claim a tradition in fiction reaching back to Alexandre Duval's "Shakespeare amoureux ou la Piece a l'Etude" (1804), in which Shakespeare falls in love with an actress who is playing Richard III.[12]

The writers of Shakespeare in Love were sued in 1999 by bestselling author Faye Kellerman. She claimed that the plotline was stolen from her 1989 novel The Quality of Mercy, in which Shakespeare romances a Jewish woman who dresses as a man, and attempts to solve a murder. Miramax Films spokesman Andrew Stengel derided the claim, filed in the US District Court six days before the 1999 Academy Awards, as "absurd", and argued that the timing "suggests a publicity stunt".[13][14]

Inaccuracies[edit]

The film is "not constrained by worries about literary or historical accuracy" and includes anachronisms such as a reference to Virginia tobacco plantations, when there was no Virginia, and references the House of Wessex that died off in 1066.[15] The most apparent deviation from the actual literary history is the made-up play title "Romeo and Ethel" allegedly preceding the present version. In fact, the story of Romeo and Juliet had been invented before Shakespeare. It was well-known from Arthur Brooke's 1562 narrative poem The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet, which itself was rooted in an Italian original.[16]

Reception[edit]

Janet Maslin made the film an "NYT Critics' Pick", calling it "pure enchantment"; according to Maslin, the film is "far richer and more deft than the other Elizabethan film in town (Elizabeth); she notes "Gwyneth Paltrow, in her first great, fully realized starring performance, makes a heroine so breathtaking that she seems utterly plausible as the playwright's guiding light."[15] According to Roger Ebert, who gave the film four stars out of four:[7]

"The contemporary feel of the humor (like Shakespeare's coffee mug, inscribed "Souvenir of Stratford-Upon-Avon") makes the movie play like a contest between "Masterpiece Theatre" and Mel Brooks. Then the movie stirs in a sweet love story, juicy court intrigue, backstage politics and some lovely moments from "Romeo and Juliet"... Is this a movie or an anthology? I didn't care. I was carried along by the wit, the energy and a surprising sweetness."

Shakespeare in Love was among 1999's box office number-one films in the United Kingdom. The U.S. box office reached over $100 million; including the box office from the rest of the world, the film took in over $289 million.[1]

It has been reported by The Sunday Telegraph that the film had an impact on the British Royal Family in prompting the revival of the title of Earl of Wessex, which had been extinct since the 11th century. Prince Edward was originally to have been titled Duke of Cambridge following his marriage to Sophie Rhys-Jones in 1999, the year after the film's release. However, after watching Shakespeare in Love, he reportedly became attracted to the title of the character played by Colin Firth, and asked Queen Elizabeth II to be given the title of Earl of Wessex instead.[17]

Accolades[edit]

American Film Institute recognition:

Award Category Recipient(s) Outcome
71st Academy Awards[21] Best Picture David Parfitt, Donna Gigliotti, Marc Norman, Harvey Weinstein and Edward Zwick Won
Best Actress Gwyneth Paltrow Won
Best Supporting Actress Judi Dench Won
Best Art Direction Martin Childs and Jill Quertier Won
Best Costume Design Sandy Powell Won
Best Original Musical or Comedy Score Stephen Warbeck Won
Best Original Screenplay Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard Won
Best Director John Madden Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Geoffrey Rush Nominated
Best Cinematography Richard Greatrex Nominated
Best Film Editing David Gamble Nominated
Best Makeup Lisa Westcott and Veronica Brebner Nominated
Best Sound Robin O'Donoghue, Dominic Lester and Peter Glossop Nominated
52nd British Academy Film Awards BAFTA Award for Best Film Won
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role Judi Dench Won
BAFTA Award for Best Editing David Gamble Won
BAFTA Award for Best Direction John Madden Nominated
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role Joseph Fiennes Nominated
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role Gwyneth Paltrow Nominated
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role Geoffrey Rush Nominated
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role Tom Wilkinson Nominated
BAFTA Award for Best Cinematography Richard Greatrex Nominated
BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard Nominated
BAFTA Award for Best Makeup and Hair Lisa Westcott Nominated
BAFTA Award for Best Sound Robin O'Donoghue, Dominic Lester, Peter Glossop, and John Downer Nominated
Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music Stephen Warbeck Nominated
BAFTA Award for Best Costume Design Sandy Powell Nominated
BAFTA Award for Best Production Design Martin Childs Nominated
49th Berlin International Film Festival[22] Golden Bear Nominated
Silver Bear Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard Won
Directors Guild of America Awards 1998 Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures John Madden Nominated
56th Golden Globe Awards Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Won
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Gwyneth Paltrow Won
Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard Won
Golden Globe Award for Best Director John Madden Nominated
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Geoffrey Rush Nominated
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Judi Dench Nominated
5th Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture Won
Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role Joseph Fiennes Nominated
Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role Gwyneth Paltrow Won
Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role Geoffrey Rush Nominated
Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role Judi Dench Nominated
Writers Guild of America Awards 1998 Best Original Screenplay Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard Won
1998 New York Film Critics Circle Awards Best Screenplay Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard Won

Cultural influence[edit]

  • The film was spoofed and homaged, along with Star Wars, in the 1999 short film George Lucas in Love.
  • The film was seen and frequently interrupted by Brenda Meeks in Scary Movie.

Stage adaptation[edit]

In November 2011, Variety reported that Disney Theatrical Productions intended to produce a stage version of the film in London with Sonia Friedman Productions.[23] The production was officially announced in November 2013.[24]

The production opened at the Noël Coward Theatre in London's West End on 23 July 2014, receiving rave reviews from critics, calling it "A joyous celebration of theatre" Daily Telegraph ,"Joyous" The Independent and "A love letter to theatre" The Guardian

Based on the screenplay by Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard, it was adapted for the stage by Lee Hall. The production was directed by Declan Donnellan and designed by Nick Ormerod, the joint founders of Cheek by Jowl. The cast is as follows:[25]

Cast[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Shakespeare in Love (1998)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  2. ^ a b Peter Biskind, "Down and Dirty Pictures: Miramax, Sundance and the Rise of Independent Film" (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004), p. 327.
  3. ^ Peter Biskind, "Down and Dirty Pictures: Miramax, Sundance and the Rise of Independent Film" (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004), p. 328-30.
  4. ^ Peter Biskind, "Down and Dirty Pictures: Miramax, Sundance and the Rise of Independent Film" (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004), p. 330-1.
  5. ^ French, Emma, Selling Shakespeare to Hollywood: Marketing of Filmed Shakespeare Adaptations from 1989 Into the New Millennium, University of Hertfordshire Press, 2006, p.153.
  6. ^ Douglas Brode, Shakespeare in the movies: from the silent era to today, Berkley Boulevard Books, 2001, p.240.
  7. ^ a b Ebert, Roger (25 December 1998). "Shakespeare in Love". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 16 February 2012. 
  8. ^ Greenwich 2000 (5 January 2010). "Greenwich England: Deptford". Wwp.greenwich2000.com. Retrieved 5 July 2010. 
  9. ^ Probes, Christine McCall (2008). "Senses, signs, symbols and theological allusion in Marlowe's The Massacre at Paris". In Deats, Sara Munson; Logan, Robert A. Placing the plays of Christopher Marlowe: Fresh Cultural Contexts. Aldershot, England: Ashgate. p. 149. ISBN 0754662047. 
  10. ^ Burt, Richard (2002). Shakespeare After Mass Media. London: Macmillan. p. 306. ISBN 978-0-3122-9454-0. 
  11. ^ "Closed government". The Spectator. 6 February 1999. Retrieved 13 April 2009. 
  12. ^ Portillo, Rafael; Salvador, Mercedes (2003). Pujante, Ángel-Luis; Hoenselaars, Ton, ed. Four Hundred Years of Shakespeare in Europe. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press. p. 182. ISBN 0-87413-812-4. 
  13. ^ "Novelist sues Shakespeare makers". BBC News. 23 March 1999. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  14. ^ "Writer sues makers of 'Shakespeare in Love'". CNN. 23 March 1999. Archived from the original on 4 April 2008. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  15. ^ a b Maslin, Janet (11 December 1998). "Shakespeare Saw a Therapist?". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 February 2012. 
  16. ^ A.R.T. – American Repertory Theater
  17. ^ Richard Eden (12 December 2010). "Royal wedding: Prince William asks the Queen not to make him a duke". The Telegraph. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  18. ^ "AFI's 100 Years... 100 Passions" (web). Retrieved 30 March 2012. 
  19. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 16 February 2012. 
  20. ^ AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) Ballot
  21. ^ "The 71st Academy Awards (1999) Nominees and Winners". Oscars.org. Retrieved 19 November 2011. 
  22. ^ "Berlinale: 1999 Prize Winners". Berlinale.de. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  23. ^ Cox, Gordon (November 13, 2013). "Disney Theatrical Gets Busy with ‘Shakespeare in Love’ and ‘Newsies’". Variety. Retrieved July 11, 2014. 
  24. ^ http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/theatre-dance/news/shakespeare-in-love-to-get-west-end-play-8937636.html
  25. ^ http://shakespeareinlove.com/cast-creatives

External links[edit]

Awards
Preceded by
The Piano
Academy Award winner for
Best Actress and
Best Supporting Actress
Succeeded by
No film has achieved this since
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