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1
Israel
Israel's deputy PM prepares for cyberattacks against Iran nuclear program
::2012/06/21::
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2
Shaul Mofaz - Israel Plus
Shaul Mofaz - Israel Plus
::2009/10/11::
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3
Shaul Mofaz speech on Yom Kippur War
Shaul Mofaz speech on Yom Kippur War
::2013/10/16::
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4
Shaul Mofaz – “The Iranian Regime: Nuclear Ambitions, Ideology and International Challenges”
Shaul Mofaz – “The Iranian Regime: Nuclear Ambitions, Ideology and International Challenges”
::2014/07/25::
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5
Shaul Mofaz Wins Kadima Election, Becomes Opposition Leader: Tzipi Livni
Shaul Mofaz Wins Kadima Election, Becomes Opposition Leader: Tzipi Livni's Future Unclear
::2012/03/30::
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6
Shaul Mofaz for Prime Minister and Iran
Shaul Mofaz for Prime Minister and Iran's environmentally friendly atomic bomb
::2012/02/23::
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7
Exclusive interview with Former Israeli Minister of Defense, Shaul Mofaz
Exclusive interview with Former Israeli Minister of Defense, Shaul Mofaz
::2014/09/08::
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8
Shaul Mofaz on Lt. Col. Emmanuel Moreno / שאול מופז מדבר על סא"ל מורנו
Shaul Mofaz on Lt. Col. Emmanuel Moreno / שאול מופז מדבר על סא"ל מורנו
::2010/02/23::
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9
Tzipi Livni Resigns From Kadima Party After Losing to Shaul Mofaz in Party Election
Tzipi Livni Resigns From Kadima Party After Losing to Shaul Mofaz in Party Election
::2012/05/03::
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10
Shaul Mofaz for Prime Minister and Iran
Shaul Mofaz for Prime Minister and Iran's environmentally friendly atomic bomb updated
::2012/02/24::
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11
Shaul Mofaz Booed in Gush Etzion 2 of 2
Shaul Mofaz Booed in Gush Etzion 2 of 2
::2007/03/12::
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12
Shaul Mofaz Booed in Gush Etzion 1 of 2
Shaul Mofaz Booed in Gush Etzion 1 of 2
::2007/03/12::
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13
shaul mofaz: sunni arabs with israel against shiite iran and expansion of shiism
shaul mofaz: sunni arabs with israel against shiite iran and expansion of shiism
::2010/12/10::
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14
Likud, Kadima Form Unity Government with Shaul Mofaz as new Deputy Prime Minister
Likud, Kadima Form Unity Government with Shaul Mofaz as new Deputy Prime Minister
::2012/05/08::
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15
shaul mofaz under too much pressure
shaul mofaz under too much pressure
::2013/02/02::
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16
Shaul Mofaz 30YA Greeting
Shaul Mofaz 30YA Greeting
::2010/10/12::
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17
MK Shaul Mofaz Speaking at the Herzliya Conference 2011
MK Shaul Mofaz Speaking at the Herzliya Conference 2011
::2011/02/09::
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18
Exclusive - Transport Minister Shaul Mofaz - World Must Act
Exclusive - Transport Minister Shaul Mofaz - World Must Act
::2010/01/01::
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19
Shaul Mofaz on the Prospects of Peace
Shaul Mofaz on the Prospects of Peace
::2010/02/01::
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20
MK Lt. Gen. (res.) Shaul Mofaz, Former Minister of Defense; Chairman, "Kadima" Party
MK Lt. Gen. (res.) Shaul Mofaz, Former Minister of Defense; Chairman, "Kadima" Party
::2014/06/09::
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21
Shaul Mofaz veut faire tomber « Bibi »
Shaul Mofaz veut faire tomber « Bibi »
::2012/04/02::
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22
Kadima is ablaze over Knesset Member Shaul Mofaz
Kadima is ablaze over Knesset Member Shaul Mofaz
::2010/01/04::
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23
Shaul Mofaz for Prime Minister and Iran
Shaul Mofaz for Prime Minister and Iran's environmentally friendly atomic bomb
::2012/02/25::
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24
Jpost Video: MK Shaul Mofaz at E-1: Israel must continue to build in settlement blocks
Jpost Video: MK Shaul Mofaz at E-1: Israel must continue to build in settlement blocks
::2009/10/01::
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25
MK. Lt. Gen. (Ret.) Shaul Mofaz - ICT
MK. Lt. Gen. (Ret.) Shaul Mofaz - ICT's 14th International Conference
::2014/09/21::
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26
Tzipi Shpizer (Livni) 2008 & Shaul Mofaz 2012 Spiner Eyal Arad Kill BiBi  נחש אשכנזי לבן
Tzipi Shpizer (Livni) 2008 & Shaul Mofaz 2012 Spiner Eyal Arad Kill BiBi נחש אשכנזי לבן
::2012/03/29::
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27
Shaul Mofaz à la tête de Kadima
Shaul Mofaz à la tête de Kadima
::2012/03/28::
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28
Shaul Mofaz relance la lutte sociale
Shaul Mofaz relance la lutte sociale
::2012/03/29::
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29
M.K. Lt. Gen (Ret.) Shaul Mofaz - World Summit on Counter-Terrorism, ICT, IDC 2012
M.K. Lt. Gen (Ret.) Shaul Mofaz - World Summit on Counter-Terrorism, ICT, IDC 2012
::2012/09/13::
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30
Shaul Mofaz dans la tourmente
Shaul Mofaz dans la tourmente
::2012/05/10::
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31
Shaul Mofaz encabezará las próximas protestas sociales
Shaul Mofaz encabezará las próximas protestas sociales
::2012/03/29::
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32
Gaza2009TV | Shaul Mofaz 3 Heb
Gaza2009TV | Shaul Mofaz 3 Heb
::2009/01/15::
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33
Shaul Mofaz arrebata a Tzipi Livni el liderazgo del partido centrista israelí Kadima
Shaul Mofaz arrebata a Tzipi Livni el liderazgo del partido centrista israelí Kadima
::2012/03/28::
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34
Shaul Mofaz In bible code
Shaul Mofaz In bible code
::2012/07/02::
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35
Shaul Mofaz devient le chef de l
Shaul Mofaz devient le chef de l'opposition israélienne
::2012/03/28::
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36
Shaul Mofaz about Gaza2009 01 (Hebrew)
Shaul Mofaz about Gaza2009 01 (Hebrew)
::2009/01/14::
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37
Talking Heads: Lt. Gen. (Res.) Shaul Mofaz at ICT
Talking Heads: Lt. Gen. (Res.) Shaul Mofaz at ICT's 10th International Conference
::2013/11/13::
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38
Israel: Shaul Mofaz conquista liderança do Kadima
Israel: Shaul Mofaz conquista liderança do Kadima
::2012/03/28::
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39
MK Lt. Gen. (Ret.) Shaul Mofaz - And How Will We Know? Intelligence / Operations / Statesmanship
MK Lt. Gen. (Ret.) Shaul Mofaz - And How Will We Know? Intelligence / Operations / Statesmanship
::2013/11/11::
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40
Shaul Mofaz, el nuevo líder de Kadima
Shaul Mofaz, el nuevo líder de Kadima
::2012/03/28::
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41
Shaul Mofaz
Shaul Mofaz
::2012/06/16::
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42
Gaza2009TV | Shaul Mofaz 4 Heb
Gaza2009TV | Shaul Mofaz 4 Heb
::2009/01/15::
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43
Shaul Mofaz, Former Minister of Defense and Chief of Staff at 10th ICT Conference
Shaul Mofaz, Former Minister of Defense and Chief of Staff at 10th ICT Conference
::2010/09/14::
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44
Shaul Mofaz about Gaza2009 02 Heb
Shaul Mofaz about Gaza2009 02 Heb
::2009/01/15::
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45
Exclusif: Shimon Péres considèrerait de désigner Shaul Mofaz
Exclusif: Shimon Péres considèrerait de désigner Shaul Mofaz
::2008/10/27::
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46
Congratulations the next prime-minister of Israel Shaul Mofaz
Congratulations the next prime-minister of Israel Shaul Mofaz
::2012/03/28::
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47
Mofaz
Mofaz's stand up routine and Peace Now's Zionism
::2012/05/11::
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48
Israeli National Security Strategy in the Expanded Coalition | Mofaz
Israeli National Security Strategy in the Expanded Coalition | Mofaz
::2012/06/20::
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49
Stop the JNF protest Sept 15 Toronto
Stop the JNF protest Sept 15 Toronto
::2014/09/25::
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Mofaz to lead Israel
Mofaz to lead Israel's social protest?
::2012/03/29::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Shaul Mofaz
Shaul Mofaz.jpg
Date of birth (1948-11-04) 4 November 1948 (age 65)
Place of birth Tehran, Iran
Year of aliyah 1957
Knessets 17th, 18th, 19th
Party represented in Knesset
2006– Kadima
Ministerial roles
2002–2006 Minister of Defense
2006–2009 Deputy Prime Minister
2006–2009 Minister of Transportation
2012 Vice Prime Minister
2012 Minister without Portfolio
Other roles
1998–2002 Chief of Staff of the IDF
2012 Leader of the Opposition
2012–2013 Leader of the Opposition

Lt. General Shaul Mofaz (Hebrew: שאול מופז‎, born 4 November 1948) (Persian:شهرام مفضض‌کار, Shahrām Mofazzazkār) is an Israeli politician. Following his victory against Tzipi Livni in the Kadima primaries in March 2012, he served as Leader of the Opposition in the Knesset until general elections were held in January 2013. During this time, however, there was a 70-day period from May to July 2012 in which he formed a unity government with the Netanyahu-led coalition, and served as Acting Prime Minister, Vice Prime Minister and Minister without portfolio.

Mofaz joined the Israel Defense Forces in 1966 and served in the Paratroopers Brigade. He fought in the Six-Day War, Yom Kippur War, 1982 Lebanon War, and Operation Entebbe with the paratroopers and Sayeret Matkal, an elite special forces unit.

Mofaz became the 16th IDF's Chief of the General Staff, and served as Israel's Minister of Defense, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Transportation and Road Safety. As Chairman of the Kadima Party, he leads the smallest party by seats in the current Knesset.[1]

Biography[edit]

Early life and military career[edit]

His birth name is Shahrām Mofazzazkār. He was born in Tehran (although his parents came from Isfahan), Mofaz immigrated to Israel with his parents in 1957. Upon graduating from high school he joined the Israel Defense Forces in 1966 and served in the Paratroopers Brigade. He served in the Six-Day War, Yom Kippur War, 1982 Lebanon War, and Operation Entebbe with the paratroopers and Sayeret Matkal, an elite special forces unit.

The Chief of Staff Gen. Shaul Mofaz (right foreground) meets with U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz (left), and other senior U.S. Department of Defense officials in the Pentagon

Mofaz was then appointed an infantry brigade commander for the 1982 Lebanon War. Afterwards he attended the US Marine Corps Command and Staff College in Quantico, Virginia, USA. On his return he was briefly appointed commander of the Officers School, before returning to active service as commander of the Paratroop Brigade in 1986.

Mofaz served in a series of senior military posts, having been promoted to the rank of Brigadier General (1988). In 1993 he was made commander of the IDF forces in the West Bank. In 1994, he was promoted to Major General, commanding the Southern Corps. His rapid rise continued; in 1997 Mofaz was appointed Deputy Chief of the General Staff and in 1998 he was appointed Chief of the General Staff.

His term of Chief of Staff was noted for financial and structural reforms of the Israeli Army. But the most significant event in his tenure was the eruption of the Second Intifada in September, 2000. The tough tactics undertaken by Mofaz drew widespread concern from the international community but were broadly supported by the Israeli public. Controversy erupted over the offensive in Jenin, intermittent raids in the Gaza Strip, and the continued isolation of Yasser Arafat.

Mofaz foresaw the wave of violence coming early as 1999 and prepared the IDF for intense guerrilla warfare in the territories. He fortified posts at the Gaza Strip and kept Israel Defense Forces casualties low. However, he drew criticism from both Israeli and international human rights monitoring groups because of the methods he had undertaken, including using armored bulldozers to demolish 2,500 Palestinian civilian homes, displacing thousands, in order to create a security "buffer zone" along the Rafah border.[2][3]

Political career[edit]

Following a government crisis in 2002, Shaul Mofaz was controversially appointed Defense Minister by Ariel Sharon.[4] Although he supported an agreement with the Palestinians, he was willing to make no compromise in the war against militant groups such as Hamas, Islamic Jihad, Tanzim, and Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades.

The fact that he had only recently left his position as IDF Chief of Staff prevented him from participating in the 2003 election (by which time Mofaz had joined Sharon's Likud). Nevertheless, Sharon reappointed him as Defense Minister in the new government.

On 21 November 2005, Mofaz rejected Sharon's invitation to join his new party, Kadima, and instead announced his candidacy for the leadership of Likud. But, on 11 December 2005, one day after he promised he would never leave the Likud,[5] he withdrew from both the leadership race and the Likud to join Kadima.

Following the elections in late March 2006, Mofaz was moved from the position of Defense Minister and received the Transport ministry in the new Cabinet installed on 4 May 2006.[6]

In 2008, with Israel's then prime minister, Ehud Olmert, being pressured to resign due to corruption charges, Mofaz announced that he would run for the leadership of the Kadima party.

On 5 August 2008, Mofaz officially entered the race to be leader of Kadima. That same day he received a blessing by Shas spiritual leader Rabbi Ovadia Yosef. On 17 September 2008, he lost the Kadima party election, losing to Tzipi Livni for the spot of the Prime Minister and leader of Kadima. Livni's narrow margin of 431 votes was 43.1% to Shaul Mofaz's 42.0%, a huge difference from the 10 to 12-point exit polls margins. She said the "national responsibility (bestowed) by the public brings me to approach this job with great reverence".[7][8] Mofaz accepted the Kadima primary's result, despite his lawyer, Yehuda Weinstein's appeal advice, and telephoned Livni congratulating her. Livni got 16,936 votes, with 16,505 votes, for Mofaz. Public Security Minister Avi Dichter and Interior Minister Meir Sheetrit had 6.5% and 8.5% respectively.

Placed second on the Kadima list, Mofaz retained his seat in the 2009 elections, but lost his cabinet position after Likud formed the government.

On 27 March 2012, Shaul Mofaz won the Kadima party leadership primaries by a landslide, defeating party chairwoman Tzipi Livni.[9] Mofaz became Vice Prime Minister as part of a deal reached for a government of national unity with Binyamin Netanyahu.[10] Mofaz said during the Kadima primaries that he would not join a government led by Netanyahu.[11]

Mofaz left over Netanyahu's indecision over a draft reform law and warned that the prime minister was trying to patch together a majority for a vote to plunge the region into war.[12]

In 2013 Kadima, just 4 years prior the ruling party, received 2% of the votes, barely passing to the Knesset.

In popular culture[edit]

A fictionalized version of Mofaz appeared in the 2008 drama film Lemon Tree.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ New Israel Partner Offers Moderate Voice on Iran 8 May 2012
  2. ^ "Demolition for alleged military purposes". B'tselem. 1 January 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "Razing Rafah: Mass Home Demolitions in the Gaza Strip". Human RIghts Watch. 18 October 2004. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
  4. ^ Shaul Mofaz Biography at Jewish Virtual Library
  5. ^ Tzvi Ben Gedalyahu: Israel’s Knesset Scorecard: Who’s on First Arutz 7, 7/23/2012.
  6. ^ Shaul Mofaz at the Institute for Middle East Understanding
  7. ^ abc.net.au, Livni declared winner of Kadima election. Abc.net.au (18 September 2008). Retrieved on 9 September 2011.
  8. ^ ukpress.google.com, Livni claims victory in Israel poll[dead link]
  9. ^ Ophir Bar-Zohar; Jonathan Lis; Natasha Mozgovaya (28 March 2012). "Shaul Mofaz beats Tzipi Livni in Kadima leadership primaries". Haaretz. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  10. ^ "Mofaz sworn in as minister, deputy PM". Ynetnews. 9 May 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  11. ^ Verter, Yossi (30 March 2012). "After Livni, it's Mofaz's turn at the helm of Kadima". Haaretz. Retrieved 9 May 2012. 
  12. ^ Heller, Jeffrey. "Netanyahu's ex-deputy warns against attacking Iran." Reuters, 24 July 2012.
  13. ^ LEMON TREE: Q&A with Eran Riklis. By Andre Soares. Alternative Film Guide. Published 1 May 2009.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Amnon Lipkin-Shahak
Chief of Staff of Israel
1998–2002
Succeeded by
Moshe Ya'alon
Political offices
Preceded by
Binyamin Ben-Eliezer
Defense Minister of Israel
2002–2006
Succeeded by
Amir Peretz
Preceded by
Meir Sheetrit
Transportation Minister of Israel
2006–2009
Succeeded by
Yisrael Katz
Preceded by
Shelly Yachimovich
Opposition Leader of Israel
2012–2013
Succeeded by
Shelly Yachimovich
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