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Shawmut Peninsula
Shawmut Peninsula
Published: 2016/01/09
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Driving Downtown - Boston USA 4K
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Hotel Playa Coco All Inclusive, Morón, Cuba, Caribbean Islands, 4 stars hotel
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Driving Downtown - Boston Massachusetts
Driving Downtown - Boston Massachusetts
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Trump International Hotel Waikiki Beach Walk Hawaii -$350/Week-pvnorm@gmail.com
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Top20 Recommended Hotels in Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa sorted by Tripadvisor's Ranking
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Hotel Playa Costa Verde All Inclusive, Estero, Cuba, Caribbean Islands, 4 stars hotel
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Driving Downtown - Theater District - Boston USA
Driving Downtown - Theater District - Boston USA
Published: 2016/09/17
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Quick City Overview: Boston, USA (HD)
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John Wintrop House plaque on State Street Boston MA
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Magic Natura Animal, Waterpark Polynesian Lodge Resort, Benidorm, Valencia, Spain, 4 stars hotel
Magic Natura Animal, Waterpark Polynesian Lodge Resort, Benidorm, Valencia, Spain, 4 stars hotel
Published: 2016/10/22
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Dream Hotel Villa Tagoro, Playa de las Americas, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain, 4 star hotel
Dream Hotel Villa Tagoro, Playa de las Americas, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain, 4 star hotel
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Sean Donahoe
Be Live Collection Punta Cana, Punta Cana, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, 5 star hotel
Be Live Collection Punta Cana, Punta Cana, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, 5 star hotel
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Top10 Recommended Hotels in Bayahibe, Dominican Republic, La Romana Beaches
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Waikiki Aston Circle Hotel Honolulu, Hawaii 2016 -$350/Week-pvnorm@gmail.com
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Sean Donahoe
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Park Royal Puerto Vallarta All Inclusive, Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico #hotel
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Channel: Sean Donahoe
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Hotel Farah Tanger, Tangier, Tanger Tetouan, Morocco, 5 stars hotel -$350/Week-pvnorm@gmail.com
Published: 2016/10/22
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A Tour of Executive Hotel Pacific   Seattle Downtown -$350/Week-pvnorm@gmail.com
A Tour of Executive Hotel Pacific Seattle Downtown -$350/Week-pvnorm@gmail.com
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Pullman Kuala Lumpur City Centre Hotel & Residences, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 5 stars hotel
Pullman Kuala Lumpur City Centre Hotel & Residences, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 5 stars hotel
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Be Live Collection Canoa 5٭   All Inclusive, Bayahibe, Caribbean Islands, Dominican Republic
Be Live Collection Canoa 5٭ All Inclusive, Bayahibe, Caribbean Islands, Dominican Republic
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Sanctuary Cap Cana by Alsol, All Inclusive, Cap Cana, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, 5 star hotel
Sanctuary Cap Cana by Alsol, All Inclusive, Cap Cana, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, 5 star hotel
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Sean Donahoe
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Loews Miami Beach Hotel, South Beach, Miami Beach, Florida, USA, 4 stars hotel
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Sean Donahoe
Tropical Princess Beach Resort & Spa, Bavaro, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, 4 star hotel
Tropical Princess Beach Resort & Spa, Bavaro, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, 4 star hotel
Published: 2016/10/22
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AQUAGARDEN PARK, Complejo Albir Garden Aqua Park, Albir, Benidorm, Valencia, Spain1
AQUAGARDEN PARK, Complejo Albir Garden Aqua Park, Albir, Benidorm, Valencia, Spain1
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Top20 Recommended Luxury Hotels in Mauritius, Africa sorted by Tripadvisor's Ranking
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Hotel La Siesta, Playa de las Americas, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Costa Adeje, Spain, 4 star hotel
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Palm Beach Club, Playa de las Americas, Costa Adeje, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
Palm Beach Club, Playa de las Americas, Costa Adeje, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
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H10 Lanzarote Princess Hotel, Playa Blanca, Lanzarote, Canary Islands, Spain, 4 star hotel
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Published: 2016/10/22
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Beacon Hill & Acorn St. - Boston, USA (HD)
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: Epic Media Argentina
Vista Sol Punta Cana All Inclusive, Bavaro, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, 4 star hotel
Vista Sol Punta Cana All Inclusive, Bavaro, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, 4 star hotel
Published: 2016/10/22
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Published: 2016/10/22
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Bavaro Princess All Suites Resort, Spa & Casino   All Inclusive, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic
Bavaro Princess All Suites Resort, Spa & Casino All Inclusive, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic
Published: 2016/10/22
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Grand Palladium Palace Resort Spa All Inclusive, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, 5 stars hotel
Published: 2016/10/22
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H10 Las Palmeras, Playa de las Americas, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Costa Adeje, Spain, 4 star hotel
H10 Las Palmeras, Playa de las Americas, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Costa Adeje, Spain, 4 star hotel
Published: 2016/10/22
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Playa Cayo Santa Maria All Inclusive, Las Tunas, Cuba, Caribbean Islands, 5 stars hotel
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Sean Donahoe
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Grand Beach Hotel, Miami Beach, Miami, Florida, USA, 4 star hotel -$350/Week-pvnorm@gmail.com
Published: 2016/10/22
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Top10 Recommended Hotels in Alanya, Antalya Province, Turkey -$350/Week-pvnorm@gmail.com
Published: 2016/10/22
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Karmir Resort & Spa, Goynuk, Kemer, Turkey, 5 stars hotel -$350/Week-pvnorm@gmail.com
Published: 2016/10/22
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Boston...Here I come(2015) Official Trailer
Published: 2015/05/24
Channel: LEGEND OF MY SKY STUDIO
Top10 Recommended Hotels in Adeje, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain -$350/Week-pvnorm@gmail.com
Top10 Recommended Hotels in Adeje, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain -$350/Week-pvnorm@gmail.com
Published: 2016/10/22
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Grand Beach Hotel Surfside, Miami Beach, Florida, USA, 4 star hotel -$350/Week-pvnorm@gmail.com
Grand Beach Hotel Surfside, Miami Beach, Florida, USA, 4 star hotel -$350/Week-pvnorm@gmail.com
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Sean Donahoe
Alsol Luxury Village, All Inclusive, Punta Cana, Caribbean Islands, Dominican Republic, 5 stars
Alsol Luxury Village, All Inclusive, Punta Cana, Caribbean Islands, Dominican Republic, 5 stars
Published: 2016/10/22
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Conrad Algarve Nominated for Portugal´s Best 5 Star Hotel 2015   Portugal Travel Awards
Conrad Algarve Nominated for Portugal´s Best 5 Star Hotel 2015 Portugal Travel Awards
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Sean Donahoe
Top10 Recommended Hotels in International Drive Orlando, Florida, USA -$350/Week-pvnorm@gmail.com
Top10 Recommended Hotels in International Drive Orlando, Florida, USA -$350/Week-pvnorm@gmail.com
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Sean Donahoe
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This diagram shows the original dimension of the Shawmut Peninsula. The gray areas marked with the words "New Boston" are all land reclaimed during the 19th century.
Map of Shawmut Peninsula from 1775 showing tactical positions from the perspective of the British Army

Shawmut Peninsula is the promontory of land on which Boston, Massachusetts was built. The peninsula, originally a mere 789 acres (3.19 km2) in area,[1] more than doubled in size due to land reclamation efforts that were a feature of the history of Boston throughout the 19th century.

Geology and original topography[edit]

Like much of the Massachusetts landscape, the peninsula was shaped by glacial erosion and moraine deposits left by retreating glaciers at the end of the last ice age.[1] When Europeans arrived, Shawmut was thickly forested.[1] The pre-settlement topography of the peninsula was marked by three hills: Copps Hill, in what is now the North End; Fort Hill, in today's Financial District; and the Trimountain, today's Beacon Hill district. Of the three hills, the Trimountain was by far the largest, a steep-sided mass with three summits. Its name was eventually shortened to Tremont. To the south was a narrow isthmus named Boston Neck that connected the peninsula to the mainland site of Roxbury, now a neighborhood of Boston.[citation needed]

English settlement[edit]

The name is derived from Mashauwomuk, an Algonquian word of uncertain meaning. The first recorded use of "Shawmutt" to describe the peninsula occurs in 1630, by the lone settler William Blackstone,[2] in an invitation to John Winthrop to move the site of Winthrop's colonial settlement to the peninsula from what is now Charlestown. The Charlestown peninsula lacked a source of fresh water, while the Shawmut peninsula had an "excellent spring" on the north side of what is now Beacon Hill.[3]

Land reclamation[edit]

Reclamation projects began in 1820 and continued intermittently until 1900 and created the Boston neighborhoods of the South End, Back Bay, and Fenway-Kenmore. The Back Bay Fens, a freshwater urban wild in the latter area, is a remnant of the salt marshes that once surrounded Shawmut Peninsula.

Although this project eliminated the wetland ecosystem that existed there at the time and would be impossible under modern environmental regulations, it was considered a great boon to the community for two reasons. Firstly, it eliminated the foul-smelling tidal flats that had become polluted with sewage. Secondly, it created what is now some of the most valuable real estate in New England.[citation needed]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Miller, Bradford A., "Digging up Boston: The Big Dig Builds on Centuries of Geological Engineering", GeoTimes, October 2002.
  2. ^ Horsford, Eben Norton, The Indian Names of Boston, and their Meaning, John Wilson and Son, Cambridge, MA, University Press, 1886.
  3. ^ Shurtleff, Nathaniel B., A Topographical and Historical Description of Boston, printed by request of Boston City Council, Boston, 1871.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°21′28″N 71°03′34″W / 42.35778°N 71.05944°W / 42.35778; -71.05944

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